Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - September 17, 1952, Winona, Minnesota Cooler Tonight, Showers, Cooler Thursday VOLUME 52, NO. 180 SIX CENTS PER COPY W1NONA, MINNESOTA, WEDNESDAY EVENING, SEPTEMBER 17, 1952 You Can Register Now For Nov. 4 Election TWENTY PAGES TODAY FBI Arrests 18 Midwest Reds 68 Cents an Acre Ike Leads So Far in Campaign By JOSEPH ALSOP CHICAGO This part of the country is supposed to be Taft ter- ritory. The Republican citizenry are said to bristle with hostility toward Dwight D. Eisenhower. The hard-working pollsters further as- sert that the Midwest is where the Republican party is weakest, ex- cept in the South, of course. Time will tell whether these WASHINGTON Agricul-1 ment agencies for more funds to theories are correct. Meanwhile, ture pepartment reported Tuesday meet mounting costs, however, the shrewdness of the that famers are paying a record I Higher prices for the things Republican investment in Gen. of 775 mjnjon dollars in farm real that local governments must buy, Eisenhower is the fact that chiefly estate taxes this year, or 5.4 per increased salaries and wages, and impresses this reporter at the con-, cjnt more !han iast year Jin some cases new undertakings elusion of a fairly long Midwest-; -pnjs was to be the seventh were said to have contributed ma- ern survey. j annual increase in farm realty j terially toward higher costs There are two important reasons taxes sjnce the end of World War i operation. why Eisenhower is proving a sound jj A need for additional facilities Republican investment. First, he These taxes are levied by state to accommodate a growing popula- is, so to speak, a nationally ad- and locai governments. tion also has been reflected in vertised product, well-known to all, j Tne department said the increas- i larger budgets. Schools have been competing with a Democratic can- es rep_eet a need by these govern-i the biggest item in building pro- U. S. Farmers Paying Record Real Estate Tax of Millions didate who is not at all well-known to the mass of voters. Second, with j the sole exception of a small mi-1 nority of Sen. Robert A. Taffs bit- j ter-ender admirers. Eisenhower is j held in warm affection by all classes and groups. People liked j him as a general. They are anxious j to like him and to vote for him as a candidate. They ivere a bit bothered by the fumbling uncertainty that marked his early appearances in his new j political role. But as soon as he began to hit his stride on his south- ern tour, the product-acceptance, as the advertising people call it, started to soar again. The noise of the Southerners' cheers for Ike Typhoon Leaves Wake Island Devastated HONOLULU and roofs ced to encouarged great numbers of oth er people all over the country to ffi Alters while wa- since. typhoon-lashed Wake Island yes terday. Mothers comforted their children Main Ingredients I side every building except four on No one can judge, of course, i the flat little atoll was being whether Eisenhower will be able smashed to bits by raging winds to win the election just because and waves. "they like Ike." and because so I Eyewitnesses told stones like many voters feel that "it's time these today from Wake and Kwa- for a chance." s I Jalein by radio as rescue opera- Yet these have been the main tions got into full swing to bring ingreriients of Eisenhower's sue-1 some 700 inhabitants to Honolulu. cess to date. His farm speech stand-, alone, thus far. as his only reasonably specific, full-dress dis- cussion of a major national issue. For the farm speech, Eisenhower leapt off the Republican platform and took his stand squarely O.T the Democratic farm plank. Sen. Taft has laconically commented that, for his part, he still prefers the Republican plank, favoring flexible A C97 Stratocruiser left the storm-battered atoll with 80 evac- uees. Some 600 more will follow as fast as planes can land and load up. Four injured were flown to Kwa- jalein Island, 700 miles to the south, by a PBM Martin Mariner yesterday. Radio reports continued to trick- jgrams j Roads have required consider- I able funds for upkeep and improve- ments. Welfare activities have I grown despite relatively high av- ierage incomes. The amount of taxes levied av- eraged 68 cents an acre for the country as a whole, compared with 64 cents last year and a pre-war average of about 38 cents. The j taxes ranged from 7 cents in New I Mexico to in Massachusetts, j Taxes levied on an acre basis by states included: Minnesota SI.33, North Dakota 41 b7avelyCasUtheyicents' South Dakota 37 cents' Wis' bJnkers S1'63 andjowa ?1'95' Train Hits School Bus, 3 Girls Die MONESSEN, Pa. freight train crashed into a crowded high school bus today at nearby Collins- burg, killing at least three girls and. injuring 46 other pupils, 15 of them seriously. Due to the extreme confusion, officials had difficulty immediately in determining the exact number of dead. The office of Joseph R. Check, Westmoreland County Coroner at Greensburg, said it has definite re- ports of three dead. The bus, carrying about 55 pas- sengers, was almost past a street crossing when a Pittsburgh and Lake Erie Railroad freight train snagged its rear end and dragged it about 50 feet. Seattle Communist Held in Minneapolis Ie in with details of the terrible The pupils were hurled about the farm parity instead o, the destruction wrought by heavy seas i bus like ten-pins. Only about half fixed parities advocated by Eiben- i wind greater than 160-miles an were able to climb out of the hower and the Democrats. i, How much will this sort of thin hurt Eisenhower with the farmers, who are already so suspicious of Republican intentions? One does! not know. Again, when Eisenhower has ventured to be specific in his press conferences and question periods with Republican leaders, he has sometimes cut the ground from un- der many of his ov.n adherents. For instance, Sen. Wiliiam E. Jenner of Indiana, is building his whole campaign lor re-election hour. wreckage after the crash. Ambu- Preliminary estimates placed the j lances rushed injured pupils to six damage at 10 million dollars. I hospitals. Stalin Has Consolidated Russia Position in East By JOHN M. HIGHTOWER WASHINGTON Generalissi- around violent attacks on the Ko- j mo Stalin has consolidated Rus- rean war as a wicked and useless sia's power position in the Far "meat-grinder" for "our boys." East, apparently as a counter to Bui Eisenhower has merely ob-' A m e r i c a n power, through the served that earlier American blun-1 agreements reached in the Moscow dors invited the Soviet aggression i wjln Recj Chinese leaders, in Korea. He has supported Presi- j Thjs js thfi outstanding single ac. i complishment of the conference dent Truman's response to the Ko- rean challenge. He hus flatly Tiiscd to promise easy or early end to the fighting, und he has just as fb.tly rejected MacArthur strategy of extending the fighting Korean border. 'Mess in Washington' which ended two days ago after a month of meetings between Chi- nese Premier Chou En-lai and top Soviet officials. But American offi- cials arc certain it is not by any means the only important result. Concerning another Republican i Speculation is that wrapped up King Charles's head, Chiang Kai- j in the secrecy behind the Iron Cur- shek's troops on Formosa, Eisen- j tain are vital decisions bearing on hower has also been unorthodox, j the future of or in Ko- He has said, in fact, that Chiang's j rea and on America's own Far troops had better be It-it on For- Eastern power position anchored mosa, to defend Chiang's main j jn japan. base while we build up South Ko- j Official Announcement rcan divisions lor use _ in Korea. offida] announcement Even the usually U.ITI lhe conference showed, authori- magazine does not seem to have j h asserted was si mpl y that ished. Officials said facts may be weeks in coming and may take the form of action rather than pro- nouncements. But at the time Chou En-lai turned up in Moscow a month ago there was a strong belief here, which persists today, that he went with his hand out and that most likely he sought one of two things: Either Russian agreement and dip- lomatic assistance in bringing an As Her Home near Moose Lake is devoured by wind-whipped flames, Mrs. Toga Anderson paces back and forth, sobbing, "No, no, God, what will we She is comforted by Walter Eldot, Duluth newspaper reporter. The fire, cause of which was not learned, broke out after Mrs. An- derson, mother of four, drove to town to meet her husband who was rejoining his family after working in Duluth. The house was burned to waist-high ruins in less than an hour. (AP Wire- photo to The Republican-Herald) Speaks to AFL Ike Favors 'Realistic' Taft-Hartley Chances By JAMES DEVLIN NEW YORK Dwight D. Eisenhower told the.American.Fed. eration of Labor today that he fa- vored "realistic" amendments to the Taft-Hartley Law, but did not favor its repeal. "I will not support any amend- ments which weaken the rights of working men and he said in an address prepared for delivery before the AFL annual convention here. The GOP presidential nominee said he knew that the law as it stood "might be used to break unions." "That must be he said. "America wants no law licensing union-busting. Neither do I." Eisenhower's speech followed by a day message to the convention by President Truman in which Tru- man said the Republicans planned to "make the Taft-Hartley Law even more oppressive and unfair" to labor. end to the, Korean War quickly, or j Gov. Adlai Stevenson, the Demo- greatly increased Soviet help in! cratie presidential nominee has arms and equipment for Chinese I advocated the repeal of the act and forces in Korea. There is some speculation here that the "request" which he made writing a new law. Repeal Urged Administration speakers appear- before the convention have d u to the Kremlin to keep its troops in Port Arthur may have been the loudly chet price he paid, part of it, for) Th C0nvention7which will hear getting whatever he did get. Acheson for taking exactly the fron naval base of Port Arthur Until ceson or a same position as the Republican they had maneuvered this the So- candidate viets were under legal and moral Will these difficulties eventually I compulsion, by a 1950 agreement trip up the general, or can he get j with Red China, to quit Port Ar- by until Election Day with his ef- 1 thur this year. fective but far from iaecific at- 1 In the cold-blooded terms of tacks on "the mess in" Washing- 1 power relationships they would Again, one does not know, have been yielding a major posi- As of now, however, what stands tion opposite Japan. out is the big advantage Gen. Eis- They solved their problem by enhower is deriving from universal making a deal with Red China. awareness of him, and the almost i with one slight exception, in the universal liking for him. In effect, opinion of government experts Eisenhower has started a whole j here, the terms of this deal are not lap ahead of Adlai E. Stevenson yct known. in this rather short electoral race. Concerning Stevenson, m e a n- while, no one can tell whether his wit, eloquence, and detailed dis- cussion of big issues will end by exciting and attracting the voters. Stevenson's campaign, so far, has been much more successful with live audiences and on the radio and television, then in the press. His agile barbs do not make good headlines. Here in the Midwest, the people have largely formed their impression of Stevenson from the newspapers, except, of course, in Illinois. And all the signs suggest that in this area Stevenson is still a dim figure in the eyes of most of the voters. The exception is the published agreement that while remaining in Port Arthur at the officially an- nounced "request" of the Chinese Reds, the Russians will yield con- trol of the important Changchun Railway, which serves the base. A State Department press officer suggested yesterday that even the release of the railway will be more apparent than real because, he said, the Soviets will retain con- trol of its terminals. Extremely Reserved The State Department was ex- tremely reserved in initial reac- tion to the Moscow announcement that the Chinese talks were fin- Gen. Dwight D. Eisenhower shakes hands with William F. Green, president of the AFL, is welcomed at the American Federation of Labor Convention in New York today. The gen- eral told the convention that he is in favor of amending the Taft- Hartley Act but that he is against repealing it. (AP Wirephoto to The Republican-Herald) Gov. Stevenson Monday, is expect- ed to endorse him, thus departing from a long held tradition not to endorse a presidential candidate. The GOP candidate said be be- lieved that the AFL's own ex- ecutive council had stated that it was prepared to take what it call- ed a realistic view of amendments j to the left-Hartley Law. "And that is my position he said. "I give it to you simply and clearly. I am in favor, not of repealing, but of amending the Eisenhower said some of the principles he thought it was im- portant to continue in the law were: "The encouragement of collect- ive bargaining, the right to strike; an advance notice before a strike is called; a requirement that both unions and employers live up to their contracts; the assurance that union members get a regular re- port on their union's finances." Eisenhower told the 800 del- egates "You know me well enough to know that I have not come to curry any special favor. "I have not come to bid or com- pete for your he said. American Leaders "My views toward labor will be the same as they long have been, regardless of the action taken by the AFL at this convention in the matter of endorsing a presidential candidate." Eisenhower said that "since patriotic American union leaders must swear that they are not Com- munists, then the employers with whom they deal should be subject to the same requirement. "I would not mind, every morn- ing swearing an oath of loyalty to the United States of the general declared. "I would be proud every night to give my sworn oath that I am not a Com- munist. "But I would resent doing this and I would resent it bitterly, if I were singled out to do it be- cause I happened to be a veteran, or someone who lived in or if I were a labor union official." In reference to his Democratic rival for the presidency, Eisen- hower declared: "My opponent made plain on Labor Day that he wanted power, as president, to compel arbitration. That is exactly what I am against. If you want the basic, irreconcil- able difference between his posi- tion and mine, there it is. He and his party embrace compulsion. I reject Eisenhower asked "Can labor have forgotten the extraordinary proposal of the present administra- tion for dealing with a threatened railroad "It was the demand from the head of the Democratic party that the strikers be drafted into the Hard Coal Owners Agree WASHINGTON U. Lewis and the anthracite in- dustry reached an interim agreement today to keep pro- ducing hard coal after their present contract expires on Oct. 7. Pressure Mounts In Coal Industry Contract Talks By NORMAN WALKER WASHINGTON Lfl Pressure mounted in coal industry contract talks today behind a threat by John L. Lewis to call a push-button min- ers' strike. Lewis' strike for some members of his United Mine Workers to quit work Monday, some others 10 days later, while still others remain at their jobs without a the mine owners in a dither. Competitive Business Selling coal is a competitive bus- iness and owners don't like to see their mines idle while rival dig- gings are working and likely to take over customers. Lewis has staggered his contract expiration dates so his union's agreement with the Bituminous Coal Operators Association, repre- senting the bulk of the soft coal mines in Northern states, princi- pally those in Pennsylvania, North- ern West Virginia and Ohio, ex- pires this weekend. His union agreements with the Southern Coal Producers Associa- tion and with the Pennsylvania an- thracite producers end on Sept. 30. Lewis has said he expects to reach an agreement in the anthra- cite field this week. But, failing an agreement, a strike would de- velop in the Bituminous Coal Pro- ducers Association's mines, em- ploying about next Mon- day. Production Boost Members of the Southern associ- ation already are making plans to boost production once a strike starts in the Northern mines. They want to take full advantage of the 10-day leeway before their con- tract ends. Lewis has decreed that union members who work for mines that belong' to neither of the two big employer associations should go right on working. This appears to be a shift in the union's traditional policy of "no contract, no work." The idea seems to be that enough union members will re- main working, along with the rela- tively few non-union mines, to turn out about three million tons of coal a week. By this strategy, Lewis hopes to avoid any tangling with the national emergency provisions WASHINGTON IAV-The Justice Department announced today the arrest of 18 Midwest and West Coast Communist party leaders on charges of conspiring to advocate overthrow of the government by force and violence. Attorney General McGranery and FBI Director J. Edgar Hoov- er said those arrested included the leaders of the party in Missouri, Washington state and Michigan. Arrests were made in St. Louis, Rock Island, 111., Charleston, Mo., I Seattle, Detroit, Los Angeles, Port- j land and Eugene, Ore., Chicago and Minneapolis. All the arrests were made on warrants issued by U. S. commis- sioners and federal judges on com- plaint of FBI agents. The attorney general authorized the filing of the complaints. Among those arrested was Helen Mary Winter, 44, wife of Carl Win- ter, one of the 11 top Communist leaders convicted in New York in 1949. Smith Act Mrs. Winter, picked up in De- troit, has been Michigan state or- ganizational secretary of the party. The Justice Department an- nouncement described Mrs. Winter as presently active with the "com- mittee for amnesty for Smith Act victims." All those arrested today, like many party leaders seized earlier, are charged with violating the Smith Act which forbids conspiring to advocate the overthrow of the government by force and violence. Communist leaders rounded up today, together with a brief FBI description of each and the place of arrest: Paul Miller Bowen, 30. an active Communist since 1943 and a dele- gate to the party's national con- vention in 1950, arrested in Chi- cago. John Shields Baschbach, 38, member of the district review commission, district 12 (Seattle) of the party arrested at his home in Seattle. Barbara Hartle. 44, active in Communist affairs in Seattle since 1942, at her home in Eugene, Ore. Henry P. Huff, 58, chairman of district 12, at his home in Portland, Ore. Karly Larsen, 47, active in Com- munist party affairs since 1936, in a Portland Hotel. William Pennpck, 37, active in Communist affairs since 1936, at his home in Seattle. Perry Pettus, 48, of Seattle, northwest editor of the Daily People's World, West Coast Com- munist newspaper, arrested in Minneapolis. Detroit Leaders Robert Manewitz, 35. a Commun- ist since 1935 who has been a mem- ber of the state committee of Mis- souri, arrested at his home in Los Angeles. He moved to Los Angeles j from St. Louis in 1951, William Allan, 45, Detroit cor- j respondent for the Daily Worker, j Communist party newspaper, ar- rested in Detroit. Thomas Dewitt Dennis Jr., 34, I organizational secretary for the Communist party in Michigan, ar- I rested in Detroit. Nathan Kaplan, 47, also known as Nat Ganley, who has been a member of the national committee of the Communist party, in Detroit. Philip Schatz. 38. who became or- ganizational secretary of the Ford section of the Michigan Communist party in 1948, in Detroit. Saui Laurence Wellman, 38, auto co-ordinator of the Communist party, in Detroit. Mrs. Winter. Dorothy Rose Forest, 37, of St. Louis. She was arrested in her of- fice in St. Louis. James Frederick Forest, 42, also of St. Louis. He was picked up at his home in St. Louis. Marcus Alphonse Murphy, 44, arrested at his home on a farm near Charleston, Mo. William Sentner. 45, of St. Louis, arrested at a Rock Island hotel. WEATHER FEDERAL FORECAST Winona and vicinity Partly cloudy tonight and cooler late to- night. Thursday, increasing cloudi- ness and cooler, with occasional showers. Low tonight 68, high Thursday 72. LOCAL WEATHER Official observations for the 24 hours ending at noon today: Maximum, 80; minimum, 46; noon, 64; precipitation, none; sun sets tonight at sun rises to- morrow at AIRPORT WEATHER Maximum temperature 78 at p. m. Tuesday, minimum tem- perature 52 at a. m. today. Noon readings Temperature, 66; barometer, 29.70; wind, calm; visi- bility, 10 miles; humidity, 78 per cent; clouds feet broken, I feet overcast. Perry Pettus Nabbed in Mill Ctiy 600 Minnesota GOP Delegates Hold Convention ST. PAUL After serving in the vanguard of the reception com- mittee for Gen. Dwight D. Eisen- hower, their presidential nominee, 600 Minnesota Republican dele- gates got down to the business of their state convention today. Unofficial estimates placed total crowds at a half a million persons as the general swung through the i state Tuesday on a speedy "whistle I stop" tour. Despite the pace, Albert Lea, Owaton- na, Northfield, Faribault and St. speeches by the GOP j candidate. i Greatest turnout for a talk was in St. Paul, where an estimated j 12.000 to crowded onto the 'State Capitol steps. After that, Eisenhower was whisked over a 120-mile parade route that led i through the Minneapolis loop. Po- lice estimated lined the side- walks there alone. There (other thousands at outlying inter- sections the motorcade passed en- route to Wold-Chamberlain Field where the general boarded a plane for New York. After leading the Eisenhower cheering, state delegates were en- tertained at a reception at GOP headquarters. Later, committee sessions were held preparatory to today's main business meeting. Reports were the principal busi- ness as the convention was called to order at 10 a. m. to hear re- ports. A state platform was to bt I approved this afternoon. I Gov. Walter Kohler of Wisconsin i was the keynote speaker. of the Taft-Hartley Law. I Additional weather on Page 16. Rebel Texans Organize Group To Support Ike By CLAYTON HICKERSON AUSTIN, Tex. (.fl Rebellious I Texas Democrats have a state- I wide organization to back GOP presidential nominee Dwight D. Eisenhower today but no way to put his name on the ballot under a Democratic label. Judge Jack Roberts in Austin's 126th District Court yesterday pro- hibited the use of the Democratic label or any variation of it for Ei- senhower on the state's general election ballot Nov. 4. Judge Roberts' decision just a few hours after a group of Democrats, meeting in Austin, set up a stale organization and planned a "grass roots" campaign for a Republican victory in Texas. Claud Gilmer, former speaker of the Texas House of Representa- tives and a Rock Springs attorney, was named to lead the movement under the name of "Texas Demo- crats for Eisenhower." Democratic Label The prohibition to use the Demo- I cratic label for the Republican nominee came in a temporary in- junction forbidding Secretary of State Jack Ross of Texas to certify Eisenhower's name as the presi- dential candidate for the recently organized "Texas Democratic party." The party was organized in an effort to give Texas Democrats who oppose Democratic nominee Adlai Stevenson a chance to vote for the Republican nominee in some kind of Democratic column. The State Democratic Conven- tion at Amarillo, Tex., Sept. S cer- tified Stevenson as its nominee but urged all Democrats to work and vote for Eisenhower.