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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - August 28, 1952, Winona, Minnesota Fair, Cooler Tonight; Friday Continued Fair VOLUME 52, NO. 164 British Ready For Atom Test At Monte Bello Shipping Warned To Stay Clear Of Whole Area By VIV GOLDSMITH PERTH. Australia W) Eleven British and Australian naval ves- sels have assembled at the Monte Bello Islands for a test of Britain's first atomic weapon. The test at the uninhabited In- dian Ocean islands about 85 miles northeast of Onslow, a small West Australian port, is being kept se- cret. But there are indications it will take place soon, possibly in Sep- tember and in October. Experts say any tests must end before No- vember, when the monsoon season starts. The British Admiralty has warned shipping and aircraft to keep clear of an area of square miles encircling the Monte Bello Islands. To Explode Bomb It is thought that the British mission is to explode an atomic bomb, and possibly test other atomic weapons. It is known that Britain has been preparing for the tests for five years. No foreign observers have been invited, but British parliamentary leaders may fly. out to attend. The full cost of the tests may exceed The operation is under the com- mand of the British Admiralty Prime Minister Winston Churchill in overall command. The commander of the tests is Rear Adm, A. D. Torlesse. British Ministry of Supply scien- tists will work under the direction of Dr. William G. Penney. It has been claimed that Dr. Penney has designed a bomb with an entirely new detonator, making it more efficient than the Ameri- can bomb. 200 Scientists Aboard There were reports of 200 atomic scientists being aboard the flag- ship Compania when it sailed from Portsmouth. The atomic weapon was also said to have been in the ship. The British tank-landing ships Narvik and Zeebrugge have been at the Monte Bellos since April. The Monte Bello Islands before World War II were used as a base by Japanese pearl fishermen. Apart from that they have been uninhabited. About 800 miles north of Perth, they comprise about 75 square miles made up of three main is- lands and hundreds of islets. The Monte Bello Islands and Barrow Island, 20 miles to the south, are the only land areas with- in the limits of the danger area, which extends about 200 miles long from east to west, with a greatest depth, from north to south, of 155 miles. Chiefs vs. Waseca Tonight 8 KWNO-FM SIX CENTS PER COPY WINONA, MINNESOTA, THURSDAY EVENING, AUGUST 28, 1952 TWENTY-FOUR PAGES Sen. Joseph McCarthy, E-Wis., flashes a big grin while getting a haircut from a first cousin, Don McCarthy, at Appleton, Wis., barbershop. Fathers the two men were brothers. Sen. Mc- Carthy, who recently underwent a major operation, is on his way back to Bethesda, Md., hospital for a checkup. (AP Wirephoto to The Republican-Herald) Adlai Accuses Ike Of Standing on Democratic Program By RELMAN MORIN NEW YORK major maneuvers in Gov. Adlai Steven- son's campaign strategy were becoming clearer today as he swept through the New York area in his battle for the presidency. In effect, he has now come to grips with Gen. Dwight D. Eisen- hower, his Republican opponent. Both candidates are in New York. Each has. delivered a major the American Legion convention. They spoke on different day's, but before the same group of listeners, lor each man, this was the true be-' BinSt.Pau Hurt in Blast ST. PAUL Three persons were injured and suffered flash burns late Wednesday when a gas blast ripped open a St. Paul home. Under treatment at Ancker Hos- pital were Mr. and Mrs. James Flynn and Mrs. Cora Montgomery, residents in the wrecked dwelling at 735 Western Ave. N. Flynn, trapped in the basement by fallen timbers, was freed by rescuers. Police were investigating a re- port that a contractor may have disrupted the gas main into the home when a tree was taken out in front of the Flynn horr.5 several hours before the explosion. The blast also heavily damaged two adjoining houses. Historical Society To Meet at Itasca ST. PAUL Lake Itasca and the Mississippi headwaters will be the destination of the annual tour of the Minnesota Historical Society Sept. 6-7. The bus travelers will be guests of the Crow Wing Historical Society for lunch the first day out and the Beltrami County will play hosts at Itasca Park. 4th Person Dies From Hibbing Crash HIBBING, Minn. Iff) A fourth person involved in a two-car col- lision Monday night died early to- day in Hibbing General Hospital. Latest victim was John Mattson, 27. Those who died at the accident scene were Mrs. Mabel Mattson, 23, wife of the man who died today; a daughter, Cheryl Faye Mattson, 2, and Mrs. John Sampson, 53. Still in the hospital in critical condition is Kenneth Sampson, 22, son of Mrs. Sampson. All involved in the accident lived in the rural Hibbing area. A coroner's jury held Wednesday said that both drivers had failed to exercise reasonable caution, not- ing that the cars came together in the center of the road. ginning of his campaign. In the Legion speech, and in another delivered last night at a Democratic rally near Asbury Park, N. J., Stevenson struck out at Eisenhower in these areas: 1. "I am notIn the delicate posi- tion of another candidate for high office, who faces the ticklish prob- lem of whether to swallow his principles and endorse all the can- didates running on the same ticket with him." 2. "The Republicans are split wide open on foreign policy. Some of us are reluctant to admit that peace cannot be won by some clever diplomatic maneuver or by propaganda." 3. "The people of this country are better off than they or any other people have ever been." 4. "On domestic policy, only now are they (the i slowly and reluctantly accepting! the ideas successfully sponsored by the Democratic party years ago It looks more and more to me as though they are going to stand on our program." In those four points, Stevenson is expected to find his principal areas of attack on the Republicans. The first probably referred to Sen. Joseph R. McCarthy of Wis- consin, and Eisenhower's position with respect to McCarthy. In any case, his Mew Jersey audience of mostly Democrats, thought it did and sent up an explosion of cheering and applause. McCarthy's accusations that some government figures held Communist leanings have made (Continued on Page 10, Column 4) STEVENSON Tornadic Winds Whip State After 90-Degree Heat Near-tornadic winds created hav- oc in Central Western Minnesota late Wednesday in the wake of a 90-degree heat wave that gripped most of Minnesota. Hardest hit were Alexandria and Morris, where winds up to 85 miles per hour were clocked for brief periods. At Morris, the gale felled many large trees after flattening a barn and shifting two other out- buildings from their foundations at the farm of Z. S. Brouillot on the outskirts. Windows of three busi- ness establishments were also blown out. A weather observer at Alexand- ria said the 84-milei-per-hour wind, with gusts even higher, was the greatest wind he had seen since taking over the post in 1939. The gale tore down concrete forms of a new grade school, build- ing. The contractor said the work would be delayed three weeks by the blow. Three cars were also badly damaged when construction shacks were lifted from the air and smashed against them. Mrs. Ben R. Isenhower poses with her week-old son, Adlai Stevenson, in her home in Chattsworth, Ga. The youngster was christened for the Democratic presidential nominee. The Isen- howers have another son, Dwight David Isenhower, 8, named after Gen. Eisenhower whose forces were then spearheading the Euro- pean coastal invasion. On wall is a picture of Illinois Gov. Adlai E. Stevenson. (AP Wirephoto) Sizeable Labor Vote Predicted For Eisenhower Buildings Trades Chief Comes Out for General By JAMES DEVLIN NEW YORK an Gen. Dwight D. Eisenhower goes into a round of political conferences today with a promise that he can count on a "surprising" labor vote in his bid for the presidency. The Republican nominee al- so drew the support of Roger W Straus, co-chairman of the Nation- al Conference of Christians and Jews. Word that Eisenhower would gei substantial labor backing came yesterday from Richard J. Gray of Albany, N. Y., president of the three-million-member AFL Build- ing and Construction Trades De- partment and a long-time Demo- crat. "For 20 years we've been with the Democrats and they think they've got us in their vest Gray told newsmen after confer- ring with the general. Speaks for Self He emphasized that he was speaking for himself, not for his union, but he said he knew that eight or 10 other top union officials would support Eisenhower. He die cot give their names. And he added that a "surpris- ing number" of rank-and-file un- ionists would vote Republican. The building trades chief said '.'a lot of labor people feel the coun- try is coming to be ruled by a minority the Southern Demo- crats." He said he told Eisenhower that "We don't have a United States Department of Labor any more It is just a statistical bureau." Fifteen or 20 agencies are in- volved ia labor affairs and it leads to confusion, Gray said. Asked how he felt the Republi- can platform on labor compared with that of the Democrats, Gray replied: Scorns "We don't pay any attention to them. Political platforms are something to get in' on but not to stand on." Straus, chairman of the board oJ the American Smelting and Refin- ing Co., said he was supporting Eisenhower "because his election will insure world peace and main- tain our basic American free- doms." Straus said Eisenhower led the free world to victory over the Nazis, and then brought nations together to resist Communism. "His election, will be understood by Stalin as the- determination oi the American people to increase their strength, material and spirit- ual, so as to secure peace and freedom for ourselves and those who share our Straus said, Still other visitors to Eisenhower said he told them he intended to make a full-scale speech on civil rights and the controversial issue of a fair employment practices commissioner. This announcement came from Robert Dowling, president, and Lester Granger, secretary, of the National Urban League. They said the league, dedicated to equal op- portunities for employment, had about members on the United States. They told him; Granger said, that he had been "quoted, or mis- quoted, or misunderstood" on the issue. Other Developments In other developments yes terday: Gov. Thomas E. Dewey, some- times pointed to as the behind- the-scenes brain of the Eisen hower political forces, indicated he would take a back seat in the campaigning. The 1944 and 1948 GOP presi dential nominee told newsmen, af- ter conferring with the general, that he would do all possible to swing New York into the Eisen- hower column but would make no speeches outside the state. Asked whether he thought Eisen hower- was going too far into at- tempting to placate right-wing ele- ments of the Republican party, Dewey said: "The general is doing a magni- ficent job in unifying his supporters and members of the party." To a question of whether he thought "die-hard" supporters of Sen. Robert A. Taft of Ohio would vote for Eisenhower, Dewey re- plied: "Every Republican and millions of Democrats and independents re- alize the importance, for the well- being of the country and the peace of the world, of getting .the ser- vices of Gen. Eisenhower as pres- ident." Eisenhower registered yesterday to vote in the presidential election here and also applied for an ab- sentee ballot to use in case he is not in New York on election day. Scheduled to confer with Eisen- hower today at his Hotel Commo- dore headquarters were: a dele- gation of Americans of Italian de- scent, another of Polish descent; John Dickerson, New Jersey Re- publican state chairman; New York State officials, Republican national committeewomen from Eastern states, railway labor offi- cials, and Spyrus Skouras, movie executive. Gadgets Slow Up U.S. Air Force Three Persons were injured Wednesday when an explosion toppled this St Paul house and badly damaged the adjoining one. Firemen said they believed an accumulation of leaking gas caused the upheaval. (AP Wirephoto to The Republican- Herald) Legion to Elect Commander NEW YORK M The American Legion elects its national com- mander today, with political battle lines drawn between two major contenders. Recognized front-runners for the post are Lewis K. Gouch, 44-year- old former Navy commander from Pasadena, Calif., and Walter E. Alessandroni, 39, former Marine captain from Philadelphia, both World War II veterans. The elections in Madison Square Garden this afternoon mark the conclusion of the 34th an- nual convention. The Legion Aux- iliary, the women's also concludes its sessions. National Commander, Three others have been men- tioned as possible candidates for national commander, but ob- servers at national headquarters said these men were seeking only to place their names before the convention preliminary to candi- dacies next year. The three men mentioned in that connection were Arthur J. Connell of Middletown, Conn., Seaborn P. Collins of Las Cruces, N. M., and Walter J. Fenlon of Chicago. One source said Connell definitely has withdrawn from this year's race. Yesterday the 40 and 8 society, the Legion's fun-makers, elected John 0. Newberry of Jefferson City, Mo., to head the group. Washington, D. C., was proposed yesterday as the site of the 1954 convention. The recommendation, approved by the Legion's conven- tion commission, will be submitted to the National Executive Com- mittee. National Sessions Next year's national sessions will be in St. Louis. Legion resolutions adopted late yesterday included: Opposition to participation by this country in any form of world federation. Continued efforts to improve re- lations between Spain and North Atlantic Pact (NATO) countries, and further military and economic aid to Western Germany. Declarations against any mani- festation of Communist aggression or infiltration in Southeast Asia, the Far East and Middle East na- tions. That the Communists in Korea :be advised of our immediate in- tention to speedily end the truce talks if no agreement is reached." "More aggressive effort" by the government to obtain the release of Associated Press correspondent William Oatis, now confined in a Czechoslovakian prison, and of other Americans in Red jails. E Ike Backs McCarthy For Senate Control SEATTLE Iff) Sen. William F. Knowland (R-Calif.) said here to- day the importance of Republicans winning control of the Senate ex- plains Gen. Eisenhower's proposed support of Sen. Joseph McCarthy of Wisconsin if he is renominated. 'It would be a terrific handicap tor the general if he were elected without Senate control, and in this year's close race the party can't afford to lose a seat in Wiscon- the senator said at a news conference. Controls Lift Depends On Says WASHINGTON E. Woods, the nation's new price boss, said today he will ask the President to lift price controls if he finds the public does not want them. He told reporters he will make his determination of the public at- titude by touring the country next month. He said he'll ask house- wives and others what they think about controls. But Woods emphasized that he, personally, believes the price curbs should stay in effect. Woods takes over as director of the Office of Price Stabilization next week, succeeding Ellis Ar- nall. "Many say that the people don't care about Woods said. "I want to find out whether there is an apathy toward the Office of Price Stabilization program or whether the people just don't un- derstand it. "What I want to get is the direct reaction of the people. I am sure they do not like the continued rises in the cost of living. "If I find there is no interest in price controls throughout the coun- try, I certainly would recommend to the President that controls be taken off and the money be put to other use." Utah Woman Heads Legion Auxiliary NEW YORK IB-Mrs. Rae Ash- a Vernal, Utah, department store owner, was elected national U. 5. Rains Bombs on Red Supply Centers By WILLIAM C. BARNARD Korea U. S. Air Force bombers rained new destine- tion on Communist supply centers near Pyongyang, the capital of North Korea, Wednesday night af- ter planes from three U. S. Navy the newly re- paired Red power plants in the Northwest. The fury of the aerial strikes was in sharp contrast to light ac- tion along the 155-mile battlefront. The U. S. Eighth Army's evening tactical summary Thursday was the shortest of the words: Enemy Units "U. N. patrols engaged enemy units up to a platoon in strength, as action continued light along the Eighth Army A briefing officer said that didn't mean it was the quietest day of the war. The Navy said the Boxer and president of the American Legion two sister ships off Northeast Ko- Auxiliary today. jrea, the Essex and the Princeton, Mrs. Ashton is a widow. "Her sent up 222 individual flights that husband served in World War One, dumped explosives on the huge and her two sons are veterans of I electric plant at Chosen and other World War Two. She is the 33rd president of the Auxiliary which now has a record enrollment of a million women. Elected regional vice presidents were: Mrs. Howard Simmons of Edge- wood, R. I.; Eastern division; Mrs. Alexander Gray, Brownsville, Tenn., Southern division; Mrs. facilities from Kojo to Chongjin In a flaming raid on Sohung, 50 miles south of Pyongyang, 15 B26s unloaded destruction on a Communist supply center after civ- ilians had been warned to flee. Pilots reported 25 fires and three large secondary explosions in the target area. Sopo Supply Dump Twelve 29 Superfortresses Jerome F. Duggan, St. Louis, Mp., j bombed a 115-acre supply dump at Central division; Mrs. W. E. Tobin, i Sopo 13 miles north of Pyongyang, Dickinson, N. D., Northwestern division', and Mrs. Craig Coyner, Bend, Ore., Western division. WEATHER FEDERAL FORCAST Winona and Vicinity Partly cloudy and cooler tonight. Friday 'air with seasonable temperatures. Low tonight 63, high Friday 78. LOCAL WEATHER Official observations for the 24 lours ending at 12 m. today: Maximum, 94; minimum, 71; noon, 79; precipitation, noon; sun sets to-night at sun rises to- morrow at AIRPORT WEATHER Max. temp. 89 at p. m. Wednesday, min. 72 at a. m. today. Noon scat- tered at feet and broken at feet. Visibility 15 miles, wind calm, barometer 30.03 steady and humidity 74 per cent. Additional weather on Page 8. and 54 more cases on Wednesday. and two B29s hit a rail yard at Chinnampo, 20 miles southwest. Five B26s bombed an enemy sup- ply center near Chungbwa, south of Pyongyang, and 16 other light bombers cratered a main supply road east of the Red capital. The U. N. Command announced in Tokyo that combined Air Force and Navy aircraft losses since the war began 26 months ago now numbered planes against con- firmed Communist losses of 642. An additional 143 Red planes prob- ably were shot down and 620 dam- aged, the Air Force said. The Navy claimed its pilots damaged 88 Red planes. That would make a total of Com- munist planes destroyed or dam- aged. 51 Dead of Polio MINNEAPOLIS Minnesota's polio toll to date is 51 deaths and 930 cases of the disease. The state i department reported another death Senate Probers Hit Indecision At Top Levels Full-Time Air Production Czar Recommended By EDWIN B. HAAKINSON WASHINGTON (ffl Senate de- fense investigators said today an excess of gadgets and top level in- decision have slowed down mili- tary aircraft production and pre- vented the development of ade- quate air defenses for the United States. The highly critical report was the latest of a series from the Senate armed services prepared- ness subcommittee headed by Sen, Lyndon B. Johnson In order to speed aircraft pro- duction to meet a possible Russian atomic attack, the report suggest- ed appointment of a full-time pro- duction czar by the president and, an overhauling of present basic defense legislation. Suggestions Ignored Some of the same recommenda- tions were made last by the same defense watchdog group but Chairman Johnson, in a separate statement, indicated they had not been carried out Johnson said the airpower build- up has been slowed down by a "capacity for indecision- which at times has reached amazing levels." Although the Defense Depart- ment did name a production czar, Johnson said, "he did not receive the necessary authority and even- tually was reduced to the status of a job holder part-time." Aides of Johnson said this was Clay Bed- ford, industrial leader wito named special assistant to the sec- retary of defense. The new report asked appoint- ment of "a full-time production czar with powers to determine pri- orities, to freeze designs to the necessary extent, and to order quantity production initiated, so that our minimum air require- ments are met as quickly as pos- sible." More Needed The report also called for a greater share of federal funds for air power and less for ground and sea arms. The report was sharply critical of constant changes in moJels and additions of gadgets and gimmicks to aircraft designs. It said there was a need for design freezes and mass production. "A tendency toward 'gimmick- erie' has loaded some of our planes with gadgets to a point where their effectiveness has been the report said. No such delays face Soviet Rus- sia, the report indicated, saying: "When the Russians stop mak- ing tractors and start making tanks they can ill afford to per- mit such end items to become ob- solete." Some comments in the body oi the report appeared more wither- ing than the conclusion and recom- mendations. An example: "As will be demonstrated, the listory of our air buildup is a saga of bad programming, neglected ivarnings, lack of co-ordination, abuse, misuse, and disuse of pow- er, bad advices to the executive, and a general refusal on the part of our governmental agencies to pull together or work together in a dedicated way to strengthen our air arsenal." Even two years after the sur- jrise Communist attack in Korea, ie report said "we have far less than the first-line aircraft we need." It added: "In our business or- ganization would countenance the excuses and self-serving justifica- ions for either the unrcalism of he schedules established or the inability to meet even the reduced schedules. "Despite attempted legerdemain with charts and graphs, nothing can obscure the fact that our plan- ners have failed miserably. They have continually erred in setting production goals." The report said the Air Force in Tune, 1951, planned monthly pro- duction of aircraft, later stepped this up to a month but cut it back in January of this year to 800.
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