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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - August 27, 1952, Winona, Minnesota Generally Fair, Warmer Tonight And Thursday Band Concert Lake Park Tonight VOLUME 52, NO. 163 SIX CENTS PER COPY WINONA, MINNESOTA, WEDNESDAY EVENING, AUGUST 27, 1952 TWENTY PAGES Gov. Adlai Stevenson, wearing an American Legion cap, waves to his audience before addressing the Legion convention in Madison Square Garden in New York today. Behind him stands the Legion's national commander, Donald R. Wilson of W. Va. (AP Wirephoto to The Republican-Herald) Austria Feared Next Red Target Won't Submit to Legion Pressures. Adlai Warns By RICHARD O'REGAN VIENNA (J) Western officials are wqndering if the Russians have picked Austria to be the next Sov- iet satellite. There are increasing indications that Soviet policy toward Austria has changed since the Kremlin has lost much chance of winning all Germany. Austria, strategically located at the Soviets have maintained the status quo, leaving an anti-Com- munist, pro-Western Austrian gov- ernment to run Austrian affairs in all zones. Politically, the Soviets have been unable to buck the strong Catholicism of the nation's seven million people. Dollar Aid Cut- But a drastic cut in American dollar million in the historic military crossroads of 11951 to an anticipated million the continent, is one-fourth occu- pied by Russian troops. The West- ern Powers occupy the remainder. For seven years since the war, TODAY in begun to affect Aus- tria's economic stability. As the dollars decline, the Rus- sians are moving in economically, with promises of rich rewards in the East. Faced with a doubling of unem- ployment and a decline in exports to the West, Austria's leaders say they now must turn to the East for trade, despite the West's ob- jections. Western officials say they fear that stealthy, cunning economic penetration of Austrian life may be the goal set by the Kremlin. An entirely new crop of Soviet Foreign Office advisers arrived recently to take over from the military men who ran the occupa- tion since 1945. A major Russian effort toward making Austria more economically dependent upon the East may fol- low the planned visit to Vienna next month of Soviet Deputy Trade Minister A. V. Zakharov. Local Communists report he will offer "wonderful trade Some of the dangers of growing Russian economic penetration were explained recently to William H, Draper, the President's special am- bassador in Europe, and W. John Kenney, deputy chief of the Mu- tual Security Agency, when they visited Vienna. Ike Needs Only to Be Himself By JOSEPH ALSOP NEW YORK politi- cal reporters, when listening to political speeches, have a proba- bly foolish tendency to study the manner instead of weighing the matter. Aging dramatic critics have the same trouble they have already seen too many plays for their own good, and they tend to take the drama for granted and give their chief attention to the acting. The fact remains that in poli- tics, communication is the first re- quirement for success. You can have the best ideas and the most, They that American appealing program imaginable. oc ation offkials fear tnis win. But you will get nowhere if you be critical But same cannot explain the ideas and put v s authorities hope that, despite the program over. Judged in these bleak, practical terms, Gen. Dwight D. Eisenhower's American Legion true opening gun in his battle for the pres- a curiously mixed performance, Not the Same What one wanted to learn, of course, was whether Eisenhower had really hit his stride. Here was a man who could, in the old days, truly electrify an audience. Some- times he would have something big and complicated to say. Some- times he would be dealing only in the pleasing generalities, about country, home and mother, which Army public relations officers love to put in the mouths of their mas- ters. But whatever he had to say, Gen. Eisenhower rarely failed to grip and dominate his audience. Candidate Eisenhower is not quite the same. He had done his own speech-writing for the Ameri- can Legion meeting, and the advance copies showed that he had written a speech with meat and power in it. He strode onto the platform in the convention hall looking every inch the image that America has of him. His mere physical presence his look of being a big man, at once strong and broad-gauge brought the i threw out the new Communist waiting Legionnaires to their feet "managers." But the incident, one Soviet efforts to bring its collapse, the nation's coalition government will remain unshaken. Urge Top Production U. S. economic advisers are try- j ing to stimulate the idea of larger production and smaller profits to cut the price of Austria's exports. But they are bucking against the Austrian cartels, which believe in Crowd Estimates Soar for Kasson Plowing Contest Both Adlai, ike Speaking On September 6 KASSON DODGE CENTER, Minn. figures may have to be revised upward from the estimated for the Na- tional Plowing Contest here Sept. 6. This was the consensus pf area farmers after gaining confirmation Tuesday that both Gen. Dwight D. Eisenhower and Gov. Adlai Stev- enson of Illinois are slated for ad- dresses that day. Under present plans, Eisenhow- er, Republican presidential candi- date, will speak about noon, his Democratic counterpart about 3; 30 p.m. Both standard bearers are making appearances here at the start of lengthy campaign tours. Final Plans OK. Robert W. Hurrle, platform pro- gram chairman, said spokesmen for both had approved the final plans. Officials were boosting attend- ance estimates after noting news dispatches from several surround- ing states that Democratic auto 'caravans were being planned now that Stevenson is to speak. Ear- lier, Republican leaders had been arranging similar caravans with Eisenhower as the lure. First tent near the speakers' platform was erected Tuesday by the Northwestern Bell Telephone Co. Officials said 15 trunk lines would be installed to handle calls from the nearby press and radio tents, still to go up. Officials have also laid out 158 lots around the field for commer- cial exhibits and eating conces- sions. Each lot is 100 by 25 feet and will be rented for the con- test. Bus service is planned from the Dodge Center airport, where many Flying Farmers are expected to land, and "wagon tours" of the plowing area will be conducted at frequent intervals. Adolph Bremer, center, of Winona, national vice commander of the American Legion and city editor of The Winona Republican- Herald, talks with two fellow Minnesotans at the Legion conven- tion in New York today. At the left is Gordon Joyce of Minne- apolis. At right is "Red" Mueller of New Ulm. (AP Wirephoto to The Republican-Herald) Legion Report Urges Truman Fire Acheson NEW YORK American Legion convention today received a report demanding that President Truman fire Dean Acheson as Sec- retary of State. The report submitted to the 34th annual Legion convention in Mad- ison Square Garden said: "Our patience is exhausted. We demand immediate action on this all-important subject. We accept nothing less." The report was submitted by the Foreign Relations committee of the Legion and was read to the convention by Chairman Rogers Kelley of Edinburg, Tex. When Kelley read the sentence demanding dismissal of the Secre- tary of State, applause and cheers rose throughout the auditorium. The report dealing with foreign affairs characterized the United Nations as "ineffective as an in- strument for world peace." Earlier, the Legion urged life imprisonment for persons caught a third time illegally possessing or peddling narcotics. The resolution was one of many which the organization is hammer- ing into its new platform on na- tional and international issues. New Uprisings In Koje Prison Camps Crushed Ike Plans Stops In Ten States in Midwest, South Expects to Cross Words With Adlai At Kasson Event By R ELM AN MOR1N jRaps Attackers Of Gen. Marshall 1 By DON WHITEHEAD j NEW YORK Adlai Stevenson coldly accused the attackerf of Gen. George C. Marshall today of hiding under a cloak of patriotism i which he called "the last refuge of scoundrels." The Democratic presidential nominee did not use any names but he left no doubt that one of the main targets of bis bitter blast was Republican Sen. Joseph McCarthy----------------------------------------- 1 of recipient of an American Legion award for j j Americanism. McCarthy has accused Marshall, j former secretary of state and NEW YORK Dwight D. former secretary of defense, of Eisenhower announced his first being party to a plot against the major campaign trip today, a dou- ble-circle route that will carry him through strategic voting areas in security of his own country. Stevenson launched his surprise statement in a speech written for :POM 43% of Voters Oppose U. 5. In Korean War By PRINCETON RESEARCH SERVICE Kenneth Fink, Director PRINCETON, N. do rank and file voters in the country maximum profits from minimum feel about the Korean War, which may became a major issue when output. Dwight Eisenhower and Adlai Stevenson swing into high gear cam- Into the deepening economic I paigning after Labor Day? A new United States Poll of Princeton Research Service shows that more than 43 per cent of voters think it was the wrong thing for the U. S. to take up arms in de- crisis, the Russians and the Aus- trian Communists are moving by: 1. Draining of the national econ- omy by shipping millions of dollars worth of Austrian products east- ward from the 300 Russian-owned plants in the Soviet zone. The yearly drain is greater than aid from the West. 2. Deliberately creating unem. ployment. This is done by order- ing goods from private plants and then delaying payment and causing labor layoffs. 3. Avoiding taxes. Russian-owned plants refuse to pay the govern- ment millions of dollars. 4. Terror and violations of Aus- trian authority. Recently, in the Soviet zone, a group of Commu- nists seized a privately owned tex- tile plant. Austrian police speedily in a storm of cheers. Appears Sharkled But when the cheering died and he bcgrn to speak, he somehow appeared shackled. He has never had the practiced political orator's trick of building up climaxes and drawing out applause. But now he almost seemed to throw his points away. It was an effort for him, one felt; it was a nec- essary duty rather than a pleas- ure, to be there and to tell his story. Occasionally he would lose himself, for a paragraph or two, in what he had to say; and you could feel the crowd beginning to respond and glow. But then he would look worried and ill at ease (Continued on Page 12, Column 6.) ALSO PS of many similar, created a pattern for a wider terror. 5. By constantly holding before the Austrians the visions of a boom- ing revival of their pre-war trade with the East. U. S. officials say that in nearly every case where Austria has agreements with East- ern nations, the Soviet satellites are behind in their deliveries. But official Austrian reports say that eastern trade has increased 20 per cent in the past year and Austria's trade minister, Josef C. Boeck-Greisau, predicted: "For Austria, exports to the West alone are only possible dur- ing a world market boom. Now, with normal trade returning, we will have to deal with the East and Southeast to an extent sur- passing the present volume." fense of Korea. United States Poll nonpartisan reporters personally asked a na- tion-wide cross-section of voters: Korean War was WRONG. How- ever, 36 out of every 100 Demo- crats interviewed in today's sur- vey are of the opinion that our en- Looking back over the war in try into the Korean .War was Korea since it started, would you WRONG; and exactly the same say NOW that you feel it was the right thing or the wrong thing to send American forces to The result: ENTRY INTO KOREAN WAR RIGHT OR WRONG, NATION- WIDE Right 45.1% Wrong 43.5% No opinion..........11.4% An interesting finding in today's survey is the split in opinion ac- cording to educational levels. In general, the higher the scholastic education people have had, the more inclined they are to feel that the original decision to send Amer- ican troops to Korea was right. The poll by educational levels: NATION-WIDE Grade High or no school College schooling training training Right 'thing 37% 44% 59% Wrong thing 49% 44% 32% No opinion ..14% 10% 9% Noteworthy, too, is the difference in opinion along political lines. Ma- jority sentiment among rank and file members of the Democratic party is that our entry into the Korean War was RIGHT and ma- jority sentiment among rank and file members of the Republican party is that our entry into the proportion of Republicans inter- viewed in the survey, that is, 36 out of every 100, believe that our entry into the Korean War was RIGHT. Among those classified as Inde- pendent voters, the weight of opin- ion inclines slightly toward belief that sending American troops to Korea was right. The poll by political party af- filiation: NATION-WIDE Rep. Dem. Right thing 36% Wrong thing 56% No opinion 8% Ind. 53% 45% 36% 39% 11% 16% Today's survey findings also show that public opinion splits about evenly in all sections of the country. The poll by geographical areas: New England- East Rocky Mid- Mt. Atlantic West Pacific States South Central States Right thing 48% 47% 43% 45% Wrong thing 44% 40% 43% 45% No opinion 8% 13% 14% 10% A new United States Poll re- port will appear in The Repub- lican-Herald Monday. By WILLIAM C. BARNARD SEOUL, Korea Red war prisoners tested the nerves of U. N. guards in a series of inci- dents this month and guards "met every challenge" with maximum force, killing four and injuring 64, the U. S. Eighth Army said today. Most of the casualties occurred at the main U. N. war prisoner camp on Koje Island off South Korea. It was on Koje last June 10 that American paratroopers broke Red rule over prison pens in a bloody battle in which one American and 40 prisoners were killed and 140 prisoners wounded. An Eighth Army spokesman summed up disturbances in July and August this way: "In the last few weeks, prisoners of war and civilian internees in their new 500-men compounds have tried out the nerves of United Nations personnel, making trouble to see what force would be used I against them. On every occasion i we have used maximum force. We have met every challenge." Incidents Disclosed The Army began yesterday to disclose the prisoners incidents in piecemeal announcements after a Communist broadcast charged the U. N. with mistreating prisoners in August a year ago. An Army spokesman said there had been no intent to withhold in- formation and added that the de- lay was caused by a reorganization of the camp command. Gen. Nam II, senior Communist negotiator at the Panmunjom truce talks, made propaganda cap- ital of the POW troubles at today's truce session. He accused the U. N. of "shameless and cowardly slaughter" of captured Reds. Nam Il's casualty killed and 54 lower than those announced by the Eighth Army. The prisoner disorders occurred on two islands and in camps on the South Korean mainland. Some incidents were put down without injury. Some prisoners were hurt in free-for-all fights among the prison inmates. Fighting among prisoners has been common as Communist and anti-Communist factions apparently for power within the stockades. Two prisoners were killed in es- cape attempts from mainland stockades. A third prisoner was killed when he stoned a guard at Hospital Camp No. 2 at Pusan. The fourth POW met death Aug. 23 when an Allied infantry com- pany barged into Koje's Compound No. 10 and forcibly halted a mass singing demonstration. Twelve other prisoners were hurt in the fight. 42 Suffer Gunshot Wounds Of the 64 prisoners injured, 42 of them suffered gunshot wounds. The biggest single injury toll of the month occurred Aug. 11 when guards halted rioting, rock-throw- ing Reds on Koje with 80 tear gas grenades' and 12 rounds of birdshot from riot -guns. Thirty- eight Reds were peppered by the shot. Most significant of the Army's reports today was that two riots occurred on Koje Aug. 19. About 200 prisoners began brawling among themselves. Troops, using tear gas grenades, entered the compound and restored order. Ten prisoners were hurt in the prisoner fight and one POW was shot and wounded in the thigh when he attempted to hit a U. N. officer with a club. On the same day two prisoners were shot and wounded when they picked up and hurled at guards two of 25 gas grenades which the guards had thrown to quell rioting. I the South and the Middle West. i the American Legion convention Leaving New York Sept. 2, he meeting in Madison Square Gard- will make appearances in 14 cities 1 en, where GOP presidential nom- i in 10 states. The schedule also in-1 inee Dwigbt D. Eisenhower spoke eludes speeches in New York and only two days ago, [Philadelphia. The itinerary: Not Under Pressure Sept. 1 New York. Also, Stevenson figuratively Sept. 2 Atlanta, Ga., and j wagged a finger under the Le- I Jacksonville and Miami, Fla. I gion's nose and told them he I Sept. 3 Tampa, Fla., Birming-! would not submit to any pressures ham, Ala., Little Rock, Ark., and j from the Legion if he thought return New York their demands were "excessive or Sept 4 Philadelphia. i in conflict with the public in-1 Sept. 5 Chicago. I terest." Sept. 6 Rochester, Kasson and Minneapolis, Minn. It was a fighting speech with patriotism as the theme and Sept. 7 (Sunday) Minneapolis j through it ran a plea to defend freedom of thought in the fight against Communism. Stevenson assailed Communism as "the death of the soul" but he added freedom of thought is being menaced by over-zealous patriots. He called for a strong national defense and the restrained use of America's power to promote free- dom, justict and peace in the world. He told Legionnaires patriotism "is not short, frenzied outburst of emotion, but the tranquil and steady dedication of a lifetime." Then in his first major drive for votes in the East, Stevenson said there are men among us "who use 'patriotism' as a club for at- tacking other Americans." He continued: "What can we say for the man who proclaims himself a then for political or personal reasons attacks the pa- no appointments. Sept. 8 Indianapolis, Ind. Sept, 10 Return New York. One of his aides said today the general will remain in New York for no more than two or three I days before starting on an even 1 longer swing, via the traditional campaign train with numerous i "whistle stop" appearances. The 'route has not been fixed. Probably, during that period, Ei- senhower will meet with Sen. Rob- ert A. Taft of Ohio, whom he de- feated in a bitter battle for the Republican presidential nomina- tion. One of the general's aides said Taft had told him, in a telephone conversation, that the senator has every intention of giving his best efforts to assist Eisenhower's campaign. The aide was not to I be quoted by name. Taft has been vacationing at Murray Bay, Canada. He is ex- pected to return about Sept. 8. The aide denied reports that Taft I wanted to question Eisenhower j about some specific issues before giving the general his full support. The issues were said to be Eisen- hower's position on the Taft-Hart- ley Act and on limitation of federal spending. On the first swing, two sets of regional meetings with Republi- can party leaders have been sched- uled. In Chicago, Eisenhower will con- triotism vants? fer with representatives from nois, Indiana and Michigan. In Cleveland, conferences are sched- uled with party chiefs from Ohio, Pennsylvania and Maryland. Eisenhower's speech at Conven tion Hall in Philadelphia will be a major effort, televised and broadcast by radio, his press sec- retary said. Some of the other speeches will be broadcast, but the secretary said it is not certain whether there will be other tele- vision coverage. At the National Plowing Contest at Kasson, Minn., Sept. 6, Eisen- hower will cross the path of his Democratic opponent for the pres- idency, Gov. Adlai Stevenson, who is scheduled to speak the same day. For a Republican presidential candidate to open his campaign in the usually solid South is a some- what unorthodox move. But Eisen- hower's advisers say they believe he has a chance to carry some (Continued on Page 14, Column 3.) IKE WEATHER FEDERAL FORECAST Winona and fair and warmer tonight and Thursday. Low tonight 70, high Thursday 88, LOCAL WEATHER Official observations for the 24 hours ending at 12 m. today: Maximum, 89; minimum, 66; noon, 89; precipitation, none; sun sets tonight at sun rises to- morrow at AIRPORT WEATHER (CAA Observations) Max. temp. 87 at noon, min. 69 at a. m. today. Noon readings 18 miles per hour from southeast, clouds broken at feet, visibility 15 miles, humidity 62 per cent, barometer 29.96, steady. Additional weather on page 13. of faithful public ser- Shocking Example "I give you, as a shocking ex- ample, the attacks which have been made on the loyalty and the motives of our great wartime chief of staff, Gen. Marshall "To me this is the type of 'pa- triotism' which is, in Dr. John- son's phrase, the last refuge of scoundrels." The Legion speech was the open- ing gun in Stevenson's big bid for Eastern support in the November it was to be followed by a busy round of speeches and political confabs in New York and New Jersey. Last night at his Springfield, El., headquarters, it was announced Stevenson will begin a tour Sept. 5 which will carry him into nine Western states. Stevenson made only one refer- (Continued on Page 14, Column 5.) STEVENSON Dulles Urges War on Reds From Inside BUFFALO, N. Y. uf, John Foster Dulles rapped American foreign policy today as "suicidal" and proposed a plan to disintegrate "the empire of Soviet Commu- nism" from within. The Republican foreign policy adviser delivered his sharp attack in an. address prepared for delivery before the American Po- litical Science Association. He called upon the United Statej to pay more attention to the peo- ples and problems of Asia, Africa and South America and to aban- don as a failure its program of "containing" Communism. "The empire of Soviet Commu- nism can be disintegrated from Dulles said, adding: "Already it is over-extended, cov- ering 800 million people of what were recently 19 different inde- pendent nations. The structure could be cracked by passive re- sistance, slow-downs and non-co- operation. "That would'happen if our nation would today exert the same type of influence in the world that we exerted during the first century of the republic. At that time we sym- bolized freedom, and we gave mor- al and sometimes material support to those elsewhere who sought liberty." The only alternative way to stop Soviet Communism, he said, was by a "frightful headon collision." He said the Soviets traditionally believed the ''road to victory in the "West" lay through Asia, par- ticularly China, and that non-West ern and non-white peoples could not be treated as "second-class ex- pendables" if the West wanted to survive in a free world. The chief architect of the Japa- nese Peace Treaty said present foreign policy involved "race dis- crimination on a global scale" by- concentrating on the defense of predominantly white Western Eu- rope. "That is a wrong policy and, in the face of the Soviet program of encirclement, it is a suicidal poli- he said. "It must be changed." This Crew Of a British twin jet Canberra bomber flew the plane across the Atlantic ocean and back again in 10 hours and two minutes. The double crossing in a single day was the first in history. The plane took off from Aldergrove Air Field in Northern Ireland for Gander, Newfoundland. It refueled at Gander and then streaked back to Ireland, smashing all previous records for a west to east crossing. Wing Commander Roland Beamont (center) was at the controls. Other crew members were Squadron Leader D. A. Watson navigator, and Flight Lt. P. J. Hillwood, co-pilot. (AP Wirephoto)
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