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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - August 15, 1952, Winona, Minnesota Generally Fair, Cooler Tonight and Saturday Attend KWNO Showt In Commercial Bldg. At Winona Co. Fair VOLUME 52, NO. 153 SIX CENTS PER COPY WINONA, MINNESOTA, FRIDAY EVENING, AUGUST 75, 1952 SIXTEEN PAGES Ike Associates Praise Rejection Of Truman Bid By MARVIN L. ARROWSMITH DENVER (ffl Gen. Dwight D. Eisenhower's campaign, advisers figured today the newcomer to politics did all right in his first direct exchange with an old master President Truman. The exchange led to a Washington mixup in which the President and oiiCot Eisenhower's World War II comrades in arms combined to TODAY Harry and Adlai Will Get Along By JOSEPH and STEWART ALSOP WASHINGTON Gov. Adlai E. Stevenson's visit to the White House pretty well nipped in .the bud at least one burgeoning Republican hope. There is no longer much like- lihood of a falling out between the Democratic candidate and Presi- dent Harry S. Truman. It may be added that the prophets began to predict such a falling out, and the Republicans began to hope for it, quite a little time after the danger had really past. The real story of the curious and somewhat uneasy Truman-Steven- son relationship is relatively sim- ple in outline. From the very first, as was pointed out very early in this space, there was a major issue to be settled between the President and the nominee. Would Stevenson declare his independence, or would he allow himself to be overshadow- ed by Truman? Adlai Had Own Plans Truman wanted two things which mean overshadowing Stevenson al- most completely. He wanted to campaign nearly as actively as the I give the general a hearty laugh. Associates of Eisenhower, the Republican presidential nominee, said privately they were satisfied that the general "more than held his own" as one of them put it in rejecting a Truman invitation to the White House for a confiden- tial briefing on the international situation. In doing so, Eisenhower said he wanted to be free to speak out against administration foreign pol- icy. And he said the President's offer wasn't received until after the j Democratic candidate for the White House, Gov. Adlai Stevenson Bridges Asks GOP Drive On World Issues Opposes Keeping Foreign Police Out of Campaign By JACK BELL WASHINGTON tfl President Truman's fresh endorsement of bi- partisan foreign policy moves brought a call by Sen. Styles Bridges today for vigorous Repub- lican campaigning on international issues. Bridges, the GOP Senate leader, told reporters Democrats want Re- publicans to share responsibility for foreign policy decisions and hope to eliminate the issue from the campaign. "It is ridiculous to say that for- eign policy should be kept out ol the the New Hamp- shire senator said. "It is entwined with every important domestic is- sue and the American people have of Illinois, was given an interna- a right to discuss and know what tional affairs briefing hower had declared, made Steven- son subservient to the administra- tion. In his telegram to Truman re- jecting the briefing invitation, Ei- senhower did accept the Presi- dent's offer to furnish him with weekly summaries provided it would not restrict his discussion of administration foreign policy. The President said at his news conference yesterday that Eisen- hower had been informed a week or 10 days ago by the Defense De- partment that he would receive in- telligence service summaries of world affairs. their foreign policy is." Endorses Pact Truman told a White House news conference yesterday he endorses a 1951 Senate document which said "the conduct of American for- eign policy in the past decade has, in general, been bi-partisan in its aspects." The President cited this in dis- cussing the rejection by Dwight D. Eisenhower, the Republican nominee, of an invitation to come to Washington for a briefing on the world situation. Eisenhower said he did not be- lieve there should be any exchange candidate himself, in his the Joint Chiefs of Staff, issued Eisenhower's executive assistant, j between him and Truman that_the Arthur H. Vandenberg Jr., said any Defense Department offer to supply intelligence summaries was all news to Eisenhower. "Neither the general nor anyone in this office has any memory of such a message and there is noth- ing in our said Vandenberg. Still later the puzzle unraveled. Gen. Omar N. Bradley, chairman whistlestop manner. And he want- ed to keep his hand on the cam- paign organization, by continuing Frank McKinney in his post as chairman of the Democratic Na- tional Committee. It was more than two weeks ago when Stevenson made it clear that he could not go along with Truman on either of these crucial points. In fact the real crisis between the two men seems to have been reach- ed rather soon after the Democra- tic convention, when Stevenson in- dicated that he did not wish to re- tain McKinney as national chair- man. This was the definitive dec- laration of independence. At the same time, Stevenson also made it pretty clear that he did not wish the President to carry out his plan for whistlestop campaigning. The news reached Truman dur- ing his post-convention vacation at Independence, Mo. According to those close to him, the President was at first both hurt and angered by the seeming rebuff. Somewhat naively, he had expected Stevenson to be guided by him in all things, and the first shock of disillusion was severe. Good Soldier Yet Truman is always a statement in Washington saying Truman told him last Thursday :of his desire to furnish Eisenhower with world intelligence reports. But Bradley, an old buddy of Eisen- hower, added ruefully that he had failed to inform the GOP nominee. Eisenhower was told of Bradley's statement by his press secretary James C. Hagerty, who reported: "The general laughed. He just laughed." In turning down Truman's brief- ing offer, Eisenhower said to ac- cept would be unwise and would create public confusion at a time when the people "are deciding our country's leadership for the next four years." The President's invitation was to a Cabinet meeting next Tuesday for a complete briefing on the for- eign situation. Eisenhower's reply was not as strongly worded, it was learned, as some of his advisers wanted it to be. Some aides, it was under- stood, favored telling the President his invitation amounted to imperti- nence. But the general overruled that and decided on the more subtly- phrased reply that went to the a good! White House. Without being blunt, soldier. He has a downright reli- it put across Eisenhower's point gious respect for political tradi- there is no stronger political tradition than the right of a presidential candidate to boss his own campaign. Moreover, after reflection, Truman also saw the force of Stevenson's argument, and he needed a chance to make his mark with the voters as a major political personality in his own right There was some further maneu vering, undoubtedly, before the President and the party leaders ac- cepted Stevenson's highly personal choice of Stephen A. Mitchell to succeed McKinney as national chairman. Nonetheless, the real is- sue between Truman and Stevenson had already been settled long be- fore the President Washington. Hence returned to the Truman- Stevenson meeting at the White House could be, and was, rather cut-and-dried. The atmosphere be- tween the two men has been des- cribed by one who should know, as "not cozy but comfortable." They made their joint campaign plan easily and without serious argu- ment. There is sound strategy in the plan they agreed by both Stevenson and Truman on La- bor Day; intensive cross-country campaigning by Stevenson there- after; and further speeches or per- haps a short campaign tour by Truman after Oct. 1. The plan minimizes the chances of any Tru- man-Stevenson crossed wires. Could Make Trouble Accidents can always happen, of course, but there is now only one major area where it is realistic to look for a Truman-Stevenson disagreement. This is the area of such great policy questions as civil rights and the Taft-Hartley law. This area is not supercharged with personal tensions, as was the issue of Stevenson's independence of, or dependence upon, Truman. Yet it can conceivably make trou- ble, nonetheless. The truth is that Gov. Stevenson has shown a tendency to take a compromise line on civil rights, on labor and even on the tidelands oil question. This the President thinks neither right nor politically wise. that he intends to make no move which would link him with the ad- ministration. The deliberate theme of the re- jection message was to put the general apart from the administra- American people did not know about. Truman commented tartly that the general will be at liberty to quote anything he has to say to him. in fact, Truman said, Eisen- hower already has quoted a great many things he told the general. The President added that some of these came out in garbled form, but he didn't elaborate. Explain: Briefing Republicans criticized the White House invitation to Eisenhower as an "after-thought but Truman told reporters he had de- cided about 10 days ago that the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) should keep the presidential candi- dates informed of what was going on in the world. He said CIA offi- cials suggested a briefing for each candidate, such as Stevenson got, supplemented by weekly reports to them. Although he rejected the briefing session idea, Eisenhower said he would be glad to receive weekly reports from the CIA. While he hadn't sent an invita- tion to Eisenhower until Tuesday, Truman said the general had been informed previously by the De- fense Department he could get any information he wanted from that However, it developed there had been a slip-up. Gen. Omar Bradley, chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, acknowledged in a rueful statement that Truman had asked him a week ago to convey this word to Eisenhower but he had not yet done so. Bradley said he had talked it over with Secretary of Defense Robert A. Lovett and Dep- uty Secretary William C. Foster and they decided the matter could wait until Eisenhower came east later this month. "Being unfamiliar with political tie Stevenson to it as closely as possible. That is the main reason the GOP nominee's aides feel he came off all right in the exchange. Duluth Baby Suffocates DULUTH, Minn, three- and-a-hitlf-month-old son of Mr. and Mrs. James Flynn, Duluth, suffocated early today and his body lay in his crib about four hours while members of his family thought he was sleeping. occurred to me that the timing of notification might become an is- sue, or I would have gotten in touch with Gen. Eisenhower imme- diately after my conversation with the President." Referring to his talk with the President, Bradley said: "We discussed the fact that Gen. Eisenhower recently had been off active duty and was acquainted with many of the matters involved. This indicated there was no imme- diate need to take this up with Gen. Eisenhower." This Big Black Bear won't make any more raids around town. Francis Lepper, who lives on the edge of International Falls, shot the animal Thursday when it appeared near his house for the fifth consecutive day. Lepper's wife holds the big game gun rifle he used to kill the bruin. Hungry bears have been coming out of the wilder- ness in search of food because of an extremely short wild berry crop, their main dish this time of year. (AP Wirephoto to The Republican-Herald) that swept the Detroit Lakes area late Thursday tore this lake cottage apart by sections. Persons in the cabin escaped with slight injuries. Their names were not available. The cot- tage was one of several on Long Lake in the storm's path. Several cabins in the area were damaged and hundreds of trees were blown down. Extensive damage was also done at nearby Per- ham. (AP Wirephoto to The Republican-Herald) Reds Spread Propaganda in West Berlin By TOM REEDY BERLIN Berlin is be- car, was uninjured. of the other car, Carl Scott, 34, Winnebago, is in fair condition with a crushed chest and broken ribs. U.S. Has Right ToUseA-Bomb, Baby Killed, 2 Hurt In Fairmont Wreck FAIRMONT, Minn. Cfl A four- weeks-old baby was fatally injured and .two other persons sustained serious injuries in a headon car crash a few miles north of Fair- mont early today. The baby was Brenda Jean Plautz, daughter of Mr. and Mrs. Linus Plautz, Fairmont. Mrs. Plautz is in a Fairmont hospital with a broken leg and a possible ginning to worry that its proud role j skull fracture. Plautz, driving the as haven for refugees is being used by the Communists to spread chaos. Forty-three thousand Germans have fled the Russian zone this year and made their way to West Berlin. July hit a new record with a total of j The flight in July was originally tabbed as a spontaneous revulsion from the East zone's abrupt swing into outright and complete Commu- nism in all walks of life, plus the threat of conscription for the Red German army. West Berlin interrogation teams, spending long hours in the refugee camps, are piecing together a dif- ferent picture now. They note sig- nificantly: 1. The average age of the latest crop is much higher than in the past. Some are as old as 75. Thou- sands are between 50 and 60. 2. A majority told the teams which "screen" them for political reliability that they had been told they would receive pensions, or compensation in some form from the West Berlin authorities The screening teams reach sev- eral conclusions. One, they say, is that it is obvious the Eastern Com- munists are deliberately trying to coerce Germans they regard as useless to slip into the West. An- other is that the Reds have particu- larly encouraged the older genera- tion, usually too set in their ways to adopt Communism, to leave. The net result has been an al- most intolerable burden on the sagging West Berlin economy. Underground resistance move- ments based in West Berlin view the refugee stream with concern from another angle. Their leaders contend that the very existence of many thousands of East Germans, now Johnny come lately to the 'West, is a distinct threat to them. No screening, they say, is adequate enough to detect if a Red police- man has fled out of anti-Commu- nist sentiment or if he actually has been sent on a mission. There are more than for- mer Red policemen now accepting the haven of West Berlin. The anti- Red groups regard them with a jaundiced eye, and have warned their people to be on the alert against any "Trojan Horse" coup, which could take the form of kid- naping, assault, or merely es- pionage. UNITED NATIONS, N. Y. WV- The United States warned today that it reserved the right to use the A-bomb snd germ warfare to suppress aggression until such weapons are eliminated by an iron- clad system' of international safe- guards. The warning was made by U. S. Delegate Benjamin V. Cohen be- fore the U. N. Disarmament Com- mission where Russia has repeat- edly demanded that the U. N. ban atomic weapons and germ war- fare. Cohen told Soviet delegate Jacob A Malik that the U. S. would never accept a mere paper declaration prohibiting the use of these weap- Storm Lashes Detroit Lakes 89 Polio Deaths In 5 Midwest States By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Minnesota, the Dakotas, Iowa and Wisconsin have counted 89 polio deaths so far this year. There are currently cas.es of the disease in the five states. Iowa, with 796 cases, has had 49 fatalities to top the list. Minne- j sola comes next with 59 cases and 49 deaths. Lester D. Walters, Minneapolis official for the National Foundation for Infantile Paralysis, said one ex- tra respirator was flown into that city Thursday night and three more are on the way to care for the growing number of victims hos- pitalized there. Wisconsin has 279 cases and 12 deaths to date; South Dakota 94 cases and four deaths, and North Dakota 24 cases, no deaths. Heaviest toll in Minnesota came in 1946 when there were cases of polio and 125 deaths by Aug. 14. ons. Cohen said: "We are issuing no ultimatums. We are making no threats." He went on to say that, until there is an effective international system of inspection to make sure agreements are not being violated, the United States does not intend "to invite aggression by informing, or committing ourselves to, would- be aggressors and charter-break- ers that we will not use certain weapons to suppress aggression. "To do so in exchange for mere paper promises would be to give would-be aggressors their own choice of he said. "For certainly there is no assurance that aggressors, which break their charter obligations, not to go to war, will keep their paper promises not to fight with certain weapons if they have them and need them to achieve their evil designs." Sewer Gas Blast Hurts 2 at Portage PORTAGE, Wis. gas blast in a sanitary sewer injured two city workers yesterday. Clarence- Kltith was reported in serious condition, suffering from first and second degree burns. George Wilson was burned about the body, but was released after treatment. Witnesses said five heavy man- hole covers were thrown 20 feet into the air and that flames shot up 30 feet. Marines Smash 5th Red Attack On Bunker Hill By WILLIAM C. BARNARD SEOUL, Korea Sharpshoot- ing U. S. Marines today smashedi the fifth Chinese Communist at- tempt since Tuesday to knock them off Bunker Hill in Western Korea. In two hours of bloody fighting before dawn, the tank and artillery supported Leathernecks shoved back some 400 Reds who launched s. sneak, two-hour attack on the battle-scarred hill from two direc- tions. The Marine Corps said Red cas- ualties were heavy. The Communists' first two futile attempts to retake the hill cost them dead or wounded be- tween 4 p.m. Tuesday and noon Wednesday, a spokesman an- nounced. The Reds have attacked three times since but failed to re- capture the positions seized by the Marines early Tuesday. Red casu- alties in these attacks have not been estimated. Today's Red drive began at a.m. Not one of 200 Chinese spot- ted sneaking through a canyon to- ward Bunker Hill got there, the Marines said. Allied artillerymen zeroed in and forced the attack- ers back. Communist artillery, silent first to preserve the element of surprise, roared into action. Communist guns pounded Ban- ker Hill with 100 rounds a minu'.e as 200 more Reds scrambled out vf the darkness in a furious frontal .attack. Marines, firing from their prefabricated timber bunkers, cut the Reds down at the lower slopes of the hill. By a.m., the Chinese were reported in full retreat. Daylight brought waves of U. N. fighter bombers which stung Com- munist positions with bombs, rock- ets and flaming gasoline. The U. S. Eighth Army briefing officer said entrenched Reds backed up with heavy mortar and artillery fire have withstood six Allied attempts since Wednesday to recapture a hill west-northwest of Yonchon, on the Central Front The action was described as minor. WEATHER FEDERAL FORECAST Winona and fair tonight and Saturday, Cool to- night, continued cool Saturday. Low tonight 58, high Saturday 78. LOCAL WEATHER Official observations for the 24 hours ending at 12 m. today: Maximum, 93; minimum, 65; noon, 83; precipitation, Trace; sun sets tonight at sun rises to- morrow at AIRPORT WEATHER (CAA Observations) Max. Temp. 87 at p. m. Thursday, min. 70 at a. m. today. Noon 81, clouds scattered, visibility 10 miles, wind 7 miles per hour from west, humidity 88 per cent, barometer 29.69 steady. (Additional Weather on Page 13) By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Sweeping across northern Min- nesota in the wake of 90-degree temperatures, a violent windstorm I flattened many acres of crops and j wreaked havoc with power and light b'nes in many communities Thursday night. Hardest hit was Perham, 20 miles southeast of Detroit Lakes, where the gale ripped down a third of the community's trees, store fronts from two stores and razed surrounding cornfields. Fall- ing trees badly damaged three au- tos. At Little Pine Lake, on the Art Thoelke farm a tree toppled to virtually cut their cottage in two. The chimney at St. James hospital was blown down to wreck a car parked in a driveway. H. D. Smalley Jr., editor of the Perham Enterprise-Bulletin, said damage estimates ranged as high as Detroit Lakes had two inches of rain in 45 minutes. The accom- panying wind tore down utility poles to knock half the city's tele- phones out of service and darken some homes. The storm brought as much as four inches of rain to some local- ities as it swept the Red River val- ley in northwestern Minnesota, where temperatures near or over 100 prevailed Thursday. No casual- ities were reported although many trees were knocked down, along with communication lines. Heavy rain hit St. Cloud and Duluth. North-South Hot Belt Over Nation By The Associated Press A freak north-south torrid zone bisected the nation Thursday. A belt of 100-degree heat stretched almost from Mexico to GOP to WinS Midwest States, Aiken Predicts By EDWIN B. HAAKINSON WASHINGTON Sen. George D. Aiken, who criticizes some members of his own party as free- ly as he does the Democrats, pre- dicted today the GOP would car- ry five Midwest farm states it lost in 1948. "With .these five states and a co-ordinated campaign the Vermont Republican said, "there is better than a good chance to win the presidency." Such statements from the gray- haired New Englander usually get attention. Top-ranking Republican on the Senate Agriculture Com- mittee, Aiken frequently lambastes "The Old Guard" m his party and, in turn, is chided for sometimes voting with the Democrats in Con- gress. Aiken Wai Correct Early this year, Aiken correctly forecast Tennessee Sen. Estes Ke- fauver's victory over President Truman in the New Hampshire presidential primajy, first of the year in the nation. Aiken told a reporter today that the five Midwest farm belt states, which went Democrat four years ago but which he believes will vote Republican this year, are: Illinois with 27 electoral votes; Iowa 10; Minnesota 11; Ohio 25, Canada through parts of Texas, j and Wisconsin 12. Oklahoma, Kansas, Nebraska and North and South Dakota. A fresh surge of cool Canadian air spread into the Northern Rockies and northwest sections of the Midwest today, but forecasters said it probably would not move very deep into the South. The cooler air was expected to reach the Chicago area by late Friday or early Saturday and then work south and eastward to Oklahoma, Arkansas, Tennessee and Virginia. Midday temperatures Thursday Ft, Worth, Tex., 105 the 13th consecutive day of 100- La Crosse Manr Crew Rest After Jump From B-29 SPOKANE, Wash, tfl Fifteen i men who parachuted from a fal- degree or more heat; Tulsa. Okla., 100; Chadron, Neb., 100; and Aber- deen, S. D., 104. Numerous thunderstorms, with some rather heavy squalls, boiled j Iowa, at Fair and pleasant weather pre- tering B-29 early Thursday rested from their experience with none of them the worse for their ex- perience. The abandoned Superfort was smashed to bits moments later as ne uuucu into the ground on a up from the Rockies and Northern jfarm and blew up. Plains eastward into Minnesota and Capt. John P. Heraty, La Crosse, Wis., the airplane commander, or- dered his crew to jump at feet when it became obvious the bomber, a reconnaissance craft loaded with cameras, couldn't make it back to Fairchild Air Force base here. The men landed relatively close together about 65 miles southeast of here. Farmers directed some in from wheat fields with flash- lights. None was hurt seriously. Two engines of the plane were vailed in the Northeast and along the Pacific Coast. ONLY THREE DAYS LEFT TO REGISTER Three more days remain to register for voting in the primary election Sept. 9. The city of Winona registration deadline is at 9 p. m. Tuesday. You must register: 1. If you have never before voted in the city; 2. if you were registered here but did not vote in 1950 and 1951 and have not registered since Jan. 1 of this year; 3. if you have moved since last voting here. Registration can only be made in the city recorder's office on the top floor of City Hall. The office will be open: Saturday, 8 a. m. to noon; Monday, 8 a. m. to noon, 1 to 5 p. m. and 7 to 9 p, m.; Tues- day, 8 a. m. to noon; 1 to 5 p. m. and 7 to 9 p. m. No Snoring Allowed HYDERABAD. India UPI Mem- bers of the Hyderabad State As- sembly may sleep during but snoring is a breach of order. The speaker so ruled when one member called the chair's attention to a sleeping member. He said i out and it was losing altitude when gravely that "members might sleep if they wished so long as they did not disturb the proceedings of the house by so doing. Capt. Heraty gave the jump order. The captain is the son of Dr. J. E. Heraty, prominent La Crosse physician. Henry Swaiwon, age 13, and his dog, Tippy, visit Gen. Dwight D. Eisenhower, Republican presidential'candidate and his running mate, Sen. Richard M. Nixon of California, at their Denver head- quarters. Eisenhower puts a certain time of the day aside to meet with well-wishers who visit his downtown headquarters. Tippy, a Denver dog, found it all a. bit confusing. (AP Wirepboto to The Republican-Herald)
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