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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - August 11, 1952, Winona, Minnesota Clearing Cooler Tonight; Tuesday Fair, Warmer Attend KWNO Shows In Commercial Bldg. At Winona Co. Fair VOIUME 52, NO. 149 SIX CENTS PER COPY WINONA, MINNESOTA, MONDAY EVENING, AUGUST 11, 1952 SIXTEEN PAGES TODAY Western Defense Problems By JOSEPH and STEWART ALSOP WASHINGTON Secretary of Defense Robert A. Lovett has just told us that the British and French are doing their best to meet their planned defense goals. So much is no doubt true. But it is also cer- tain that a major crisis in West- ern defense planning is the first great issue which the next presi- dent will have to face. And it is far from certain that the crisis can be delayed even until the next president takes office. Meanwhile, hard new looks at previously approved defense plans are being taken both in Europe and in this country. French repre- sentatives have been telling our government that they cannot bear their economic and military bur dens much longer. They have been demanding greater aid in Indo- china and elsewhere. Simultan- eously representatives of the Bri- tish government have been saying that their military and economic burdens are also unbearable. They have suggested informally that the planned balance between ground, naval, and air strength in the Western alliance be sharply alter- ed. New Theory The United States Air Force planners, as it happens, have been thinking along precisely the same lines. Gen. Dwight D. Eisenhow- er's plans for European defense call for the creation of some 97 divisions, including reserves. The Air Force planners do not believe that it is possible to match Soviet ground strength, for a sort of 1914- style defense of the continent. The Air Force believes the Sov- iets can be out-matched in the air and in the new weapons, whereas even 97 divisions would not bal- ance the vast Soviet and satellite ground forces. Yet the effort to create a great Western ground force could drain so much Western strength that superiority in the air, and in the new weapons, could not be achieved. The Air Force plans therefore call for a reduction in planned ground strength on the continent to between 30 and -40 ready divisions, coupled with a great increase in air strength. Something of the same sort is known to have been discussed by the British Chiefs of Staff. This new thinking undoubtedly lay be- hind British Prime Minister Win- ston Churchill's recent rather mys- terious references in the British Parliament to "reshaping" defense concepts. At any rate, the cards are now on the table between this country and its European allies. And there is no doubt at all that European defense plans are going 3 Die in Owatonna ane Top Advisers Disagree on Calling Congress Putnam Doubts Present Prices Warrant Action By WARREN ROGERS JR. WASHINGTON of Pres- ident Truman's top economic chief- tains were at odds today over whether Congress should be called into special session to tighten price controls. In the latest repercussion to Price Boss Ellis ArnalTs recom- mendation for such a session, Economic Stabilizer Roger Put- nam said last night he saw no need for it unless prices keep climbing at a rapid rate. And Sen. John Sparkman of Ala- bama, the Democratic vice-presi- dential nominee, said he felt this is not the proper time for a special session. Other opposition was voiced by a spokesman for the American Farm Bureau Federation and by Rep. Jacob Javits New Standards In the meantime, new standards being set up by Arnall's agency, the Office of Price Stabilization-, apparently assured higher retail prices as a result of the steel, aluminum and copper price boosts recently granted. All of these developments were ju i continuing ripples from the storm This fact has been sharply defined in the opening maneuvers over-the steel price dis- i ___i-j.i.- Tl TTipArtVirn-rnT 3nn Afllai Mf Little John Baeder, 14 months old, seems to dislike the nuzz- ling of rabbit at Farmington, Minn. The rabbit was one of several entered in the Dakota County free fair by John's father, but young John apparently hasn't become used to animals and became very vocal in his distress. (AP Wirephoto) Stevenson and Ike Drives Contrasted By DON WHITEHEAD SPRINGFIELD is the year of the amateur versus the A Majority Of The Minnesota Senators and state officials were in Winona today for their 16th annual outing and golf tournament, as guests of former State Senator M. J. Galvin, St. Paul, form- er Winonan. Following a noon luncheon at the Oaks, the group moved to the Winona Country Club and then was scheduled to return to the Oaks for an evening dinner. Gathered in conversation before the luncheon were, left to right: Sen. B. E. Grottum, Jackson; Sen. Archie Miller, Hopkins; Jarle Leirfallom, St. Paul, director of public insti- tutions; Sen. T. P. Welch, Buffalo; Galvin; Sen. Don Wright, Minneapolis; Sen. Magnus Wefald, Hawley; Sen. .John A. Johnson, Preston, and Cong. Harold Hagen, Crookston. (Republican-Her- ald photo) pro in American politics. the two presidential D. Eisenhower and Adlai i. Stevenson. In the Republican camp, Threat of War Still Great, Ridgway Says SUPREME HEADQUART- sur- rounded himself with professional politicians the ways of running a national campaign. In the Democratic camp, Steven- gathering around him amateurs whose names are almost unknown on the na- Itional political scene. This development is only one of a number of sharp contrasts in the manner in which Eisenhower and Stevenson have approached their widely different problems. These contrasts point up the dif- ference in personality, background, and temperament of these to be re-examined from top to bot- tom, are Press for New Look At the same time a new look is also going to be taken at the whole American defense effort, A paper calling for a searching analysis of the American defense effort is being prepared. It will probably be submitted shortly to the Na- tional Security Council and the President. This paper recommends the recruitment of a board of civil- ian experts of real stature, to pro- pose new ways, however revolu- tionary, to pep up this country's rate of rearmament. The need for this new look at our rearmament effort is clear. Take, for example, the case of the Mu- ERS ALLIED POWERS IN EU-1 two distinguished men who will ROPE Matthew B. their parties into the Novem- way said today the threat of war is ker election fight. j i Lets take a look at Eisenhow- still as big as ever, and there d m 1 pute, settled July 24. The .Office I of Defense Mobilization, on that date approved a half-billion-dollar price increase for a 'ton for carbon steel and a average for all steel. Arnall called on Truman last Wednesday. He handed in his res- ignation and urged the President to order a special session of Con- gress. Truman took no action on the resignation but said he was considering a special session. In New York, Putnam said on an NBC radio-television program he saw no sign of "a runaway" on food prices. He said he believes a special session is not needed now, but added: Trend Watched Western Europe Wants Both Guns and Butter By JOSEPH DYNAN LUXEMBOURG Schuman Plan's nine-man high author- j ity began work today on a program to give Western Europe both guns and butter, and perhaps eventual political unity as well. The executive arm of the six-nation coal-steel pool held its Navy hospital corpsmen, command- j first working session under its chairman, French economic expert Navy Corpsmen Flown to Iowa To Fight Polio SIOUX CITY, la. Of) Twelve 19 Dead in In Two States Racing Driver Killed at County Fair at Hibbing By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS A plane crash, a racing acci- dent and traffic and water mis- haps took the lives of eight per- sons in Minnesota over the week- end. Wisconsin 14 persons lost their lives in weekend accidents. The plane crash, near Owatonna Sunday, killed John Jankovich, 27- year-old former Air Force mem- ber, -and his two teen-age passen- gers, Clarence Schelljegerdes, 14, and Jerome. Dempsey, 13. In Rented Plane Jankovich had rented the plane at Faribault shortly before the crash. The plane dipped low over a hayfield in which Floyd Schell- jegerdes, father of one of the vic- time, was working, just before it dropped to earth. The wreckage started to burn immediately and prevented anyone from getting the bodies of the two boys out. Schell- jegerdes and Ray Wilson, the fann- ed by Ens. Jack Gehring of Dela- j Jean Monnet, the plan's chief van, Wis., were flown here today architect. to help met a poliomyelitis emer- The authority will meet here gency at two Sioux City hospitals, i regularly for the time being, pend-1 The group, from the U.S. Navai j ing French-German 'negotiations Hospital, Great Lakes, 111., went i which may allow for international- imraediately to work at St.. Jcseph and St. Vincent Hospitals to relieve nurses who have seen ailmoist con- stant duty since the polio epidemic ization of the Saar and location of all the Schuman Plan activities there. Take Office Monnet and his eight colleagues Hibbing Man Shot In Face Trying To Steal Turkeys HIBBING, Minn. Hibbing 3 Hurt in Blast ST. PAUL An explosion that seriously damaged new 27-foot cabin cruiser Saturday resulted in burns to Frank R. Jennings, the boafs owner; wife, and Mrs. Stort, Minneapolis. It was be- lieved fumes from exploded. outbreak here last month. One of j from West Germany, Italy, The j man was jn critical condition to- the corpsmen is Earl J. Garrison j Netherlands, Belgium, Luxem-1
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