Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - August 7, 1952, Winona, Minnesota Shop and Save on Dollar Day Tomorrow, August 8 Cloudy Tonight, Local Showers, Cooler Friday Chiefs at Owatonna 8 p. m. KWNO-FM VOLUME 52, NO. 146 SIX CENTS PER COPY WINONA, MINNESOTA, THURSDAY EVENING, AUGUST 7, 1952 TODAY Stevenson Exercising Own Mind By JOSEPH and STEWART. ALSOP WASHINGTON the odd- ly fragmentary reports about the campaign plans of Gov. Stevenson and President Truman, there is one single, simple central fact. Ad- lai E. Stevenson has declared his independence in an unmistakable manner. And Harry S. Truman has taken this declaration of inde- pendence from Springfield, 111., with the good grace that does cred- it to Independence, Mo. Whether or DO Stevenson would issue a personal declaration of in- dependence of the White House, was really the biggest question about his campaign strategy, from the very beginning. One could see the question looming at Chicago. Fighting Speech There was the President, with his brisk, confident, fighting speech to the convention. There was Stevenson, with his elevated, somewhat tortured, deeply reflec- tive speech of acceptance. You could not doubt that Stevenson's was the more powerful intellect, but you could hardly help but feel that Truman had the more decisive character. By the same token, there was the whole serried pha- lanx of Democratic professionals, delighted to have Stevenson for their standard-bearer, but yelling "pour it on, Harry" with special zest. The President had told his inti- mates already, and now he told his party and country, that he meant to make a whistle-stop campaign as vigorous and extensive as he made four years ago. But this was, in effect, an intention to domi- nate the electoral campaign and his successor. For how else could Stevenson hope to make his own mark in these circumstances? How could he possibly register with the voters as an independent personal- ity, with qualities of his own, while the President of the United States poured it on at every whistle-stop? Truman's intention plainly sprang from his own fighting na- ture and his loyalty to his party. Equally plainly, however, Steven- son had to find the courage to ar- gue with the President about this intention of his, if he was going to be his own candidate instead of Truman's candidate. Under the cir- cumstances, then, it is extremely significant that Stevenson has found the courage. Two Points at Two points were at issue. In the first place, the President and his circle had a clear idea of the proper campaign pattern. Nothing much was to be done until Labor Day, and both Stevenson and Tru- man were to start touring the country. The President was to pour it on, in the familiar man- ner, from first to last, while Stev- enson, also from first to last, was to make what the politicians call the "high level appeal." Sec- ond, the existing, Truman-estab- lished organization of Democratic Fire Chief Frank P. Witt- inspects the barrel in which an ex- plosion occurred which critically injured two small boys Wednes- day evening. Chief Witt holds in his right hand the bottom sec- tion of the barrel which was separated from the remainder of the metal container by the blast. In the rear can be seen the window of a store building that was shattered by the explosion. (Republi- can-Herald photo) Critical Today Exploding Barrel Makes Two Boys Human Torches By GORDON HOLTE Republican-Herald Staff Writer Transformed into human torches by flames that U.S., Australia, New Zealand Sign New Pact System Provides For Military Co-operation By LEIF ER1CKSON HONOLULU (ffl Foreign min- isters of the U. S., Australia and New Zealand today launched the first formal peacetime system of rr 1 itary co-operatioa among the tliee nations. However, they adopted a "go w" policy on bringing other non- Communist Pacific nations into the security organization. That would be premature, said a communique issued after they adjourned their three-day conference last Anight. But they promised that other countries would be consulted close- ly through regular diplomatic channels. Philippines May Join The foreign minister of one in- terested nation not present, Joa- quin Elizalde of The Philippines, said in Manila his country and Japan may join the ANZUS powers soon in a five-power conference to co-ordinate Pacific defense against Communism. He did not say who would take the initiative. U. S. Secretary of State Dean Acheson told reporters (he ANZUS meetings had been "very intimate, very and "We are all very happy." Richard G. Casey, Australian minister for external affairs, said the sessions were without argu- ment or maneuvering for position. T. Clifton Webb, New Zealand's foreign minister, declared: "We are very appreciative to the United States and we have been taken completely into their confi- dence and thinking." Key step taken to implement last year's three-power treaty signed in San Francisco was the creation of a joint military staff to meet periodically at Pearl Harbor, Mel- bourne 'and Wellington, N. Z. Fleet Chief-Present Adm. Arthur W. Bedford, U. S, Pacific Fleet commander, was des- ignated American representative to the military staff. Australia and New Zealand will name theirs later. A spokesman said all recommen- dations of the ANZUS military staff must be approved by the nations themselves. On the question of dealings with other Pacific nations, the commu- nique stated this was a goal set forth in the treaty itself. Truman May Call ongress Back Explosion Of A Dynamite Truck sheared off the west portion of the home of Mrs. Margaret Cowley at Craigs, a village north of Mahonoy spurted out of an exploding alcohol barrel, two Winona vountrsters are in critical condition today at the 'Winona "Recognizing that the council is General Hospital where they are being treated for severe just beginnmg to evolve its own burns. Victims of the mishap which occurred shortly before 7 p. m. Wednesday at the rear of the Marshall-Wells affairs Frank was to be left intact. McKinney was to go on heading the Democratic National Committee and handling all such vital campaign problems as mon- ey collecting. Stevenson simply refused to go along on either point. As to the first, he rightly pointed out to the President that he was not well known in the country. Hence he had to begin early, as he has now done with the significant state- ments that are already coming out of Springfield. Hence too, he had P- Store, 59 E. 2nd St., were: Donald Annis, 11, the son of Mr. and Mrs. Earl Annis, 74% E. 3rd St., who is reported to have suffered second- and third-degree burns on nearly three-quarters of his body. Richard Constable, 7, whose mother, Mrs. Gloria Constable lives at 63Vi W. 2nd St. His father, Sgt. Charles Constable, has been sta- tioned with the Army in Korea and may be en route home on rota- tion Hospital attendants said this morning that Richard was being administered blood transfusions. There is some speculation still as to exactly how the accident occur- red. It is known that the boys were injured when fumes in an empty barrel, which previously contained alcohol used as an anti-freeze so- lution, ignited and caused the ex- plosion. Burning Sticks Seen At first it was thought that the two youngsters dropped a lighted match into the barrel. Later in- vestigation revealed however, that to be given his chance to make his j h had been seen ca; ing mark with the voters in full scale b stkks in the vicinity the TVi! n vt e before Truman en tered the struggle with all-the au thority and attention-getting power of a President of the United States. As to the second point, Steven- son also indicated to the Presi- dent that he felt he had to have his own campaign organization in order to conduct his own cam- paign. Hence McKinney was not acceptable to him, and is now on the way out. Wyatt First Choice Wilson Wyatt was the governor's first choice for the national chair- manship. But Wyatt, while accept- ing the role of Stevenson's per- sonal campaign director, refused the larger post on the ground that he was not well enough acquaint- ed the Democratic leaders all over the country. Those now under consideration for national committee chairman include for- mer Sen. Frank Myers of Pa. and former Rep. John Carroll of Colo. In the end, neither may be chos- en. Myers is the better bet. Yet the mere fact that consideration is being given to Carroll still speaks volumes. For Carroll is not only a leader of Americans for Demo- cratic Action. He is also anathema to the Truman crowd in the White House, because of a bitter row with Matt Connelly which occurred when Carroll was serving the Pres- ident as a White House assistant Donald Annis (Continued on Page 3, Column S.) EXPLOSION south and continued to the alley that runs from Center to Lafay- building previous to the accident j ette streets. and it is thought that probably one j "As soon as we turned into the of these sticks was placed at the spout of the barrel and caused the blast. The barrel was standing at the rear of the Marshall-Wells store and was hurled high into the air by the blast. The shock that followed the explosion was felt by persons in an area of nearly two blocks and the sound was heard throughout the downtown business district. The quick action of two Winona patrolmen was credited with hav- ing saved the two boys from al- most immediate death. Patrolmen Sylvan Thiel and Rob- ert Theis were cruising along East 2nd Street in their squad car at p.m. when they heard the sound of the explosion. "We were almost in front of the Marshall-Wells Store when we heard Thiel declared, "and at almost the same time I saw this barrel being blown up in the air. It went up much higher than the store." Thiel, who was the brakes and was planning to turn into the municipal parking lot that is adjacent to the store when he noticed that the lot was bar- ricaded for construction work. Unable to drive to the rear of the building fay this route, Thiel drove to Lafayette Street, turned tripartite organization and pro- it came would be early stage in its own development to attempt to establish relation- ships with other states or regional organizations." 10 Counties in State Among 100 Top Hog Producers WASHINGTON Minneso- ta counties placed among the na- tion's top 100 for hog production in 1950, the U. S. Department of Commerce reported today. Henry County, Illinois, led the list with sent to mark- et while Redwood County, Minne- sota, was No. 100 for its produc-1 warcL tion of Martin County topped Minnesota production to become No. 60 on the national roster. Others trailed in this order: Faribault 75th; Jackson 78th; Fillmore 79th; Freeborn 81st; Ren- ville 84th; Nobels 85th; Blue Earth 9th, and Sterns 97th. In South Dakota, Minnehaha County placed as No. 77. Communism to Be Washed Up By 1970, Claim MADISON UP) Socialism and Communism will be out of business by 1970 and the world's living standard will be raised to a 100 per cent level by 2000 A. D., a Uni- versity of Wisconsin audience was told Wednesday. The predictions were made by Technologist R. Buckminster Ful- ler, New York inventor and de- signer before an art education institute. Fuller based his outlook on the "amazing potential of mass pro- duction and efficiency and per- formance of modern machinery." j He said: Turkey, West Plan Middle East Pact By JOHN M. HIGHTOWER WASHINGTON Western powers and Turkey are consider- ing shelving their long-stalled proposal for a Middle East command in favor of a Middle East defense organization. This would have the more limited task of planning the defense of that area against pos- sible Russian moves. Political developments in Egypt are regarded here as holding the key to what is done. Many Ameri- can officials hope the new Egyp- tian government, with an eye to modernizing the country's armed forces, may reverse previous oppo- sition to joining forces with the West and at least participate in a planning group. The establishment of a Middle East Defense Organization would provide a political basis for mili- tary assistance by the United States and possibly other Western "Duringt the past year through increased productivity, 320 billion dollars of new wealth was produced in the United States. Back at the turn of the century less than one per cent dl the people got the benefit of our integrated resources and mass production. By 1914 this figure climbed to six per cent. By our entry in World War II it moved to" 20 and at present 26 per cent of the people have technical access to the world's wealth. By 2000 A. D. there will be 100 per cent industrialization. "A critical point on the road to complete production and distribu- tion will be reached the day we go by the 50 per cent mark, for then there will be no further need for reformers or use of socialism. We'll reach that point about 1970, and there'll be a troublesome period for about 18 years after- jpowers to co-operating countries. It is understood that, because of antagonisms between Israel and the Arab nations, the Jewish state would not become a member of MEDO but would receive military assistance from the United States so that the present balance of power as between Arabs and Jews would be maintained. There are some differences be- tween Washington and London over when and with whom MEDO Iowa drum major, Mary Low Mortenson, right, talks with a police sergeant in London, England, The Des Moines, la., girl is traveling with the all-girls band of the University Jowa which gave a performance in the Royal Festival Hall in London Wednesday. (AP Wirephoto to The Republican-Herald) Greeks Fire On Bulgarians ATHENS. Greece troops opened fire Greek this morning on Bulgarian soldiers on the Greek- claimed border island of Gamma, in the Evros River, the Greek gen- eral staff announced today. A communique said the Greek machine guns and mor- not returned by the troops from Greece's Soviet satel- lite northern neighbor. The attack came after Bulgarian troops had been noticed on the island during Wednesday night, the announcement said. Earlier Wed- nesday night the general staff had issued a communique saying no Bulgars had been seen on the island after expiration of an earlier Greek ultimatum demanding that all Bulgarian troops quit Gamma by 8 a. m. Wednesday. Press dispatches from corre- spondents in the area, written after the expiration of'the ultimatum but apparently prior to the Greek at- tack, said those on the Greek side of the frontier still could see the Bulgarians on the island. Today's Army announcement said the United Nations peace sub-committee was present when the Greeks attacked and that just prior to opening fire, the Greeks warned the Bulgars by loud- speaker. Would Ask Stronger Price Control Law President Declines To Comment on Ellis Arnall Resignation WASHINGTON OB President Truman said today he is consider- ing calling an extra session of Congress to ask for a stronger price control law. He told a news conference that no decision has been made, but he has the matter under considera- tion. If it is necessary to call- special session, he declared, hi will call it. A decision will await develop- ments, he added. Truman declined to comment on reports that Ellis G. Arnall is preparing to quit as price stabil- izer. House Visit Arnall went to the White Wednesday bearing his resigna- tion, effective Sept 1, and a re- port to Truman that food prices again are rising sharply. Arnall said he told the President it may be necessary to call Con- gress back into special session "if food prices continue to get out of hand and skyrocket" The price told reporters Truman "was very said he was quite concerned about the rising prices." Arnall added that he also discussed with the President "the inadequate controls law written just before the end of the session of Congress." Some administration sources re- ported the President is reluctant to see Arnall leave and predicted he would make every effort to keep the Georgian on the price job. Crippling Arnall said he told Truman that "We need a stronger law to control prices." He said he suggested that the act is "very weak due to crip- of a jet plane aboard the U. S. pling amendments." Among these Carrier Boxer in Korean waters (factors he mentioned the decontrol City, Pa. The driver escaped injury in the blast, but 13 homes were damaged and the truck dis- integrated. (AP Wirephoto) Jet Explodes On Aircraft Carrier, 9 Die WASHINGTON explosion killed nine men and injured an unannounced number of others, the Navy reported today. Twelve jet planes were destroyed by raging fires that followed the explosion. Helicopters and life- boats picked up 63 crewmen driven overboard by the flame's. w d oegane A Naval said the are understood to favor going ahead as soon as possible with for- mation of the planning group, in- corporating those nations that are willing to join in and leaving out, temporarily at least, those which have cold-shouldered defense uni- fication so far. The United States government on the other hand asserted the view yesterday that any organization set-up should have maximum membership in the Middle East if it, is to be useful. The proposal for a Middle East Command was put forth by the United States, Britain, France and Turkey in November, 1951. The cause project bogged down of tensions created be- by Egypt's dispute with Britain over control of the Anglo-Egyptian Su- dan. It did win prompt acceptance from interested governments put- side the area whose communica- tions depend on transport through the Middle East Australia, New Zeland and South Africa. WEATHER FEDERAL FORECAST Winona and Increasing cloudiness tonight. Light local showers Friday, turning cooler late Friday. Low tonight 64, high Fri- day 85. LOCAL WEATHER Official observations for the 24 hours ending at 12 m. today: Maximum, 82; minimum, 57; noon, 82; precipitation, none; sun sets tonight at sun rises to- morrow at AIRPORT WEATHER (CAA Observations) Max. temp. 80 at noon today, min. 63 at p.m. Wednesday. Voon readings Wind, south at 10 miles per hour, clouds feet scattered, feet broken, visi- )ility 15 miles, humidity jarometer 30.02 steady. Additional weather on Page 15. ton carrier, which normally car- ries a crew of officers and men, suffered the accident about 50 miles off the coast of Korea Tuesday night (Wednesday Korean No enemy action was involved. The officer who reported the fa- talities said he did not know how many men were injured. He said damage to the ship was compara- tively slight, and repairs will be made in the operations. Korean theater of Just what caused the jet plane to explode was not known, officials said. It is believed that an accu- mulation of gases built up after a landing, and caused the blast. The plane at the time was on the hangar deck. The fire which followed was de- scribed as "bad." by Congress of fruits and vege- tables in raw and processed forms. He also mentioned that the Of- fice of Price Stabilization is unable to do what he called an effective job because of a slash by Congress in its operating funds. Between now and Sept. 1 OPS must release more than half of its em- ployes in Washington and in about 100 field offices. Arnall said he told the President food prices increased a record 1H per cent between June IS and July 15. He said that even after the Korean outbreak food prices went up only one per cent a month. Among factors affecting the in- crease in the cost of living, Arnall said, is the widespread drought in many states which is sharply re- ducing the supply of fresh fruits and vegetables for canning. He has said this will create shortages. On the subject of the drought effects, the National Canners As- sociation called ArnalFs prediction of shortages in canned foods "ri- diculous." Carlos Campbell, the assocjation's executive secretary, (Continued on Page 15, Column 6.) TRUMAN Millions Spent On Drought in South ATLANTA Ml The federal gov- ernment has 75 million dollars to throw into the fight to keep drought-stricken Southern farmers in business. That assurance came yesterday from Dillard B. Lasseter, chief of the Farmers Home Administration, who came here from Washington to head up a 13-state meeting of FHA representatives. The emergency conference was called to speed processing of dis- aster loans to farmers reeling un- der the hammer blows of a two- month drought that is costing them close to a billion dollars. Henry Smith, FHA production loan chief, joined Lasscler in promising prompt assistance to liard-pressed food and livestock growers. Smith emphasized, how- ever, that disaster loans are for production purposes only and may not be obtained to finance shifts from one type of farming to an- other. With the news of liberal govern- ment backing came a promise an end to the dry plague which has shrivelled the region's crops during the long dry spell. Slowly increasing rain was already help- ing the situation in some areas. But the desperate need for quick credit remained. FHA representa- tives, who continue, their discus- sion today, painted a grim picture of damage from Virginia south to Florida and southwestward to Texas. From the various state reports. Smith concluded that the most" pressing loan needs will be to buy feed for starving cattle and seed for crops in the autumn. But the big rush lor loans; pro- bably won't come until spring, Smith laid.