Friday, August 1, 1952

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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - August 1, 1952, Winona, Minnesota Thundershowers Tonight and Early Saturday 'EISENHOWER' By John Gunther Starts Today VOLUME 52, NO. 141 SIX CENTS PER COPY WINONA, AUNNESOTA, FRIDAY EVENING, AUGUST 1, 1952 SIXTEEN PAGES EISENHOWER- By JOHN GUNTHER Common Sense Helps Ike in Peace Efforts (In this, the first in a series of IS articles, Mr. Gunther out- lines Eisenhower's basic beliefs.) The presidency was one subject on which the fluent Eisenhower seldom spoke, except to those really intimate while at SHAPE. His aim had been to give SHAPE every- thing he had. Many Europeans felt that the general is so vital not merely as a leader but as a symbol that when he left, a serious letdown might come in the whole establish- ment, I asked one prominent French politician if he would prefer to have Eisenhower at SHAPE or in the White House. The answer was logical: "In the White House, of .course, because it is the White House that gives SHAPE If he can be presi- TODAY Reds Build A-Bomb Stockpile By JOSEPH and STEWART ALSOP WASHINGTON existence of a Soviet stockpile of atomic bombs has now become an almost unmentionable subject. There was serious discussion of this sub- ject at all at the recent conven- tions, at one of which the next president of the United States was nominated. Yet Soviet atomic pro- duction may well overshadow ev- president will to face. Consider the facts. In the first place, previous estimates of So- viet atomic stockpiling have now been upped about 20 per cent. In the second place, this probably means that the Soviet stockpile will begin to approach the number of bombs required for an attempted knock-out blow at the United States, before the end of 'the next president's four-year term. Previous estimates have assum- ed Soviet production of about 50 bombs up to -the beginning of this year; and thereafter, as the result of the completion of a great new atomic, plant in central Russia, monthly production of five to seven bombs.- These estimates have been upped for several reasons, but es- pecially because it has been found that atomic bombs of medium power can be produced consider- ably more rapidly than had previ- ously been thought possible. 20% Bomb Increase Given this 20 per cent increase in current estimates, the follow- ing table will serve as a rough guide to the expected minimum and maximum stockpile in the years immediately ahead. At the end of this year: 130 to 150 bombs. At the end of 1953: 200 to 250 bombs. At the end of 1954: 275 to 370 bombs. At the end of 1955: 350 to 450 bombs. At the end of 1956: 420 to 550 bombs. This sort of estimate is, of course, no more than an informed guess. No one can possibly pre- dict what successes or failures may attend the efforts of Soviet Secret Police Chief Lavrenti Beria, who is charged with the Soviet three or four Moreover, the above table leaves out account atomic program, years from now. the this hydrogen country bomb, on has little which head orders. dent, he must be." In order to explore what kind of president Eisenhower would make we must outline his basic beliefs. He is an obvious idealist, a markedly decent human being with a great deal of 'common sense who likes to believe in the essential decency and common sense of other human beings. He believes in peace above all, in unity of effort by the Western Al- lies, and in a world order secured by American strength. He is ar- dently anti-isolationist. "No intelli- gent he declared once, "can be an isolationist." And he is a distinct conservative. He said of a friend recently, "That fellow thinks the way I is a con- servative, but an extremely lib- eral conservative." Actually Eisen- hower is probably more conserva- tive than that. If he ever mentions the New Deal these days, it is with a quiver of horror. In 1949 Eisenhower took a public stand against federal aid to edu- cation. This, it seemed to many, showed a certain lack of genero- sity, inasmuch as he himself was totally educated at public expense. Labcr's Attitude Largely through the influence of his close friend and admirer Anna Rosenberg, he made a famous ad- dress to the CIO convention at At- lantic City in 1946. The brass hats in the Pentagon fought this ap- pearance bitterly, but Eisenhower went through with it. He was re- assured, getting off the train, to see that the welcoming commit- tee consisted largely of former GI's. He paid a handsome tribute to the job labor did in the war "American labor rightly shares in a nine-year-old Schnauzer, chews contendedly on a bone in Philadelphia af- ter the will' of his master, Lhoe Oscar Thieme, was pro- bated. The dog was left 000 in cash for the purchase of a place in the country so he would "have a place to play" and for "living expenses" ua- til his death. Thieme was an expert in drawing up other persons' wills. (AP Wirephoto) Mental Hospital Fire Warnings Ignored, Claim ST.' PAUL (hat the 1951 legislature ignored warnings of -fire menaces to patients in the state's mental hospitals were made today by Dr. Reuben K. Young- dahl, president of the citizens men- tal health committee of Minnesota. Rev. Youngd.ahl, a brother of former Gov. Youngdahl, claimed that despite reforms that have been of the mental hospitals "still fail to meet mini- mum standards of health, sanita- tion, and safety." Gamble With Livei "We are, in fact, gambling with human Dr. Youngdahl said. "Take the simple matter of fire escapes crucially important in old buildings housing persons of- ficially judged unable to care for themselves.- "Our superintendents asked for a chance for their patients, should strike. Hastings asked for the laurels won by American troops striKe. castings asKea tor on the battlefield" and talked! WV-wd was granted Who eloquently about the virtues of the free enterprise system. He said, "Enslaved labor, regimented farm- ers, and chained management proved to be no match start OD the Soviet Union. But the estimates above at least serve to suggest what the planners call "the dimensions of the problem." Mighty Problem The dimensions of this problem which will confront tJe next presi- dent are also suggested by other estimates the experts have made. These estimates concern the num- ber of medium bombs on target re- quired to destroy this country's military potential. This, again, is something which even the best of the experts, poring over their tar- get analyses and production fig- ures, can only guess at. But for what they are worth these guesses range from 450 to 660 medium atomic bombs delivered on target. Here it should be pointed out, of course, that there is a great dif- ference between bombs hidden in a stockpile 'and bombs deliver- ed on target. For one thing, the continental United States does not contain by any means the only atomic targets in the world. Sec- ond, no country can afford to ex- pend its whple atomic stockpile at a single blow. Third, some gets are sure to be missed. And finally, the effectiveness of the de- fenses of a country attacked can make the difference between the success or failure of an attack. All-Out Attack As already reported in this space, .the air defense specialists are beginning to believe that the effectiveness of our defense against air delivered attack can be increased very sharply indeed, given an all-out national effort in this field. For all these reasons, it would be all wrong simply to (Continued on Page 8, Column 8.) ALSOPS for free labor, free agriculture, and free management." Also: "A pros- perous, virile citizenry is both the purpose and' strength of democra- cy." The speech contained little that was controversial, and it was enthusiastically received. Labor has cooled on him since that date, though he has never taken an anti-labor stand. But it is generally believed that he is out of sympathy with much that labor advocates, and he dislikes the extreme pro-labor orientation brought about by the Truman gov- ernment. He said in one speech, "We seek an illusory thing called and added that men kill- ed in the war "believed in some- thing more than merely assuring themselves that they weren't go- ing to be hungry at the age of 67." Eisenhower's remarks on social security have on other occasions got him into mild trouble. In a speech at the Waldorf-Astoria he mentioned that too much emphasis was being placed in the country on personal security at the ex- pense of individual liberty. Greed Antagonizes Ike On the other side of the fence Eisenhower <has on several occa- sions given big business a jolt. Speaking at. Columbia in 1948 he talked about the "danger" that may arise from "too great a con- centration of finance." He hates business "greed." An incident that has never been fully explained came late in 1947, when he attend- ed a private dinner for Republican leaders at the well-known F Street Club, in Washington, D. C. Among other guests were Sens. Taft, Van- denberg and Bridges. Apparently there was a lively discussion about the menace of inflation, and Eisenhower said that the times de- manded bold leadership end sacri- fice; then, according to reports that were published later but which may have be'en grossly in- accurate, he went on to suggest that management should voluntari- ly surrender all profits for a sti- pulated time, perhaps a year. Several of the guests present de- nied later that Eisenhower had said quite this, but outraged screams were heard from business- men all over the country. On civil liberties Eisenhower's record is good. He came out firm- ly in defense of Dr. Philip Jessup when Jessup first faced attack for alleged "disloyalty." And he has taken a strong stand against loyalty oaths at universities. "I certainly do not believe that our (Continued on Page 8, Column EISENHOWER choose the one-third of its pa- tients who will get a chance to live? "Willmar asked for It got nothing. St. Peter asked for six fire escapes, 12 fire doors, a water and some hose. It got nothing. Ike Can Crack Solid South, Long Believes Louisiana Senator Will Support Stevenson Ticket By EDWIN B. HAAKINSON WASHINGTON Sen. Russell B. Long of Louisiana today pledg- ed his support for the regular Democratic presidential ticket to- day but said Republican Nominee Dwight 35. Eisenhower could crack the Solid South. "I like that (Democratic) ticket and I'm going to be for Long told a reporter. Gov. Adlai Stev- enson of Illinois and Sen. John Sparkman of Alabama head the ticket as nominees for president and vice president. At the same time, Long, who staged one of the dramatic inci- dents at the recent Chicago con- vention, conceded that Republican Presidential Nominee Dwight D. Eisenhower "is a .formidable can- didate all over the United States that includes the South." Asked if Eisenhower might crack the solid-Democratic South, Long said: "I think that Eisenhower stands a very good chance in several southern states." He refused to list them. Long was the second Dixie sena- tor to announce for the Stevenson- Sparkman ticket. Sen. A. Willis Robertson of Vir- ginia announced yesterday thai he will "vote the straight Democratic ticket next was critical of the present administra- tion. He said he will back the ticket because he regards as a mere ges- ture the Democratic platform pledge to repeal the Taft-Hartley labor-management act. Robertson also contended that the new platform civil rights stand "is less threatening to the south- ern viewpoint than the 1948 plank." The Virginian made it clear his support of Stevenson and Spark- man did not mean he endorsed the administration of President Truman. Robertson termed Stevenson an honest and able-man "who refus- ed to be placed under obligation either to President Truman or the CIO." He added that Sparkman "felt so strongly about the southern pos- ition on civil rights legislation that he bolted the national ticket in 1948." In a separate interview, Spark- man quickly explained: "Technically, I did not bolt." As a Senate candidate in 1948, Sparkman said he was pledged to support Alabama presidential electors who later joined in the states' rights bolt. This gave him no chance as an Alabama Demo- crat to vote for Truman, he said, adding that in 1950 "I led a 'fight to restore party loyalty in Ala- bama." Harry F. Byrd, senior sena- tor and regarded as Virginia's most influential Democrat, usually treads the same polit- ical path as Robertson. Bu? after Robertson's statement, Byrd quickly announced he was taking no stand on either presidential candidate at this time, Byrd said he wants clarification Teachers College Criti cize Legislative Group Report Made Public Unco-ordinated Training Plan Chief Complaint ST, PAUL of tht State Teachers College Board, which governs the state's five Teachers Colleges, is contained in the report of a legislative subcom- mittee made public today. The legislative research commit- tee will consider the report, deal- ing with a study of the teacheri colleges by a seven-member com- mittee headed by A. L. Almen of Balaton, at a meeting Monday. Teachers colleges are located at Winona, Mankato, St. Cloud, Moor- head and Bemidji. The college board is composed of nine mem- bers, five of whom are residents of counties in which the colleges are located and called "resi- dent directors." Their Own College "Resident directors are inclined to be concerned more with the af- fairs of their own particular col- lege than with the entire teachers college the sub- committee report says. "Thus, the five resident directors, who con- stitute the majority on the board, approve one another's college pro- grams without too much discussion BAKERSFIELD, Calif. opposition. j ersfield was still shaking today, 11 "This results in each college be- jdays after the big earthquake that'ing governed largely by its resi- .AUCG A itwk a toll of 14 lives in Southern jdent and President, and By JAMtS A. Mit-MtistK li-aiifnrnia ian unco-ordinated teaching train- WITH THE U. S. MARINES, Korea (Delayed by censor) For California. Oro2ram is the end result" i the Marines it was just another day. For me it was a strange introduc-1 There were two tremors today, Program is tne ena resmt 1 tion to the fantastic war they are fighting north of Seoul. I wish all j but Ught ones and nothing to I After pointing out that the law Americans could have experienced it. Then they would understand compare with original shock iis broad rts delegation of power of the Korean War. j Qf af the teachers college board by iffl j tershocks. The Kern Counts' sher- j giving it "the educational manage- Five Persons were killed today at Easton, Pa., when the automobile in which they were riding crashed head-on into a large coal truck on the Newburg road near Easton. (AP Wirephoto to The Republican-Herald) Korean War Stinking, Bakersfield Steaming, Dangerous Still Shaky (Editor's Note: The U. S. Nivy today released a story by James A. Michener, author of "Tales of the South now in Korea as a correspondent for Holiday magazine.) Patients in Danger "The superintendent at Fergus Falls reported: 'There are pa- tients in a building which could easily burn down. The fire marshal advises sprinkling systems, exting- uishers, etc., are a The su- perintendent asked for as a start on the job. He got "Faribault reported that the fire marshal had called for. a fire es- cape at the boys' dormitory at the dairy where there was only an in- side stairway. The legislature re- fused to give these mentally re- tarded youths that protection. "Only two hospitals-Anoka and Stevenson and Eisenhower on j pediter. Stevenson and Wilson Wyatt in Long Conference By ROGER LANE SPRINGFIELD, 111. I.TI Gov, Adlai Stevenson held a lengthy conference yesterday with Wilson Wyatt, former federal housing ex- a 'copter whose side had been j reported the two today i m j ripped away so I could hang over were not strong enough to cause the edge and look straight down at additional damage and came about strange, sweet beauty (PDT) a.m. EST) j Korea. Red hills, green pines, 6.15 a m_ I handsome rivers, ancient grave-1 I yards and up ahead the battle line. Dog Into Bunkers j i Our troops- are dug into bunkers i and deep trenches, but even so, leach day incoming enemy shells j kill some of our men. Today more than 900 enemy shells will hit our j positions. i The temperature rises to 11-1 de- i In Chicago Holdup bly because I Moose granted their requests for adequate fire protec- tion." Verdict Ruled 'Excessive' ST. PAUL MV- A verdict by a Dakota County jury in favor of William H. Propper of El Reno, Okla., for injuries suffered in a railroad accident, was ruled "ex- cessive" today by the Minnesota Supreme Court. The court reversed District Judge W. A. Sschultz of South St. Paul and ordered a new trial as to damages only. The verdict was against the Chicago, Rock Island Pacific Railroad. major issues before announcing his never worked so hard as I shall position. Robertson gave high praise to i nominee Stevenson as "the Woodrow Wil- i throughout The Democratic presidential j this day. For we climb to several 'different hill positions and from the moment I start I shall not be Gregory, 21, of Maud, Okla., was shot and seriously wounded early todav when he and three other sol- conferred with Wyatt different hiU positions; and from were he.d up by two men. yesterday afternoon son type of liberal who believed j and only one major gerous war_ in the American system of free interruption. 'jfid-morning' I Physicians at Michael Reese dry. It is a stinking, steaming, I Hospital said Gregory was shot once by a bullet that entered his enterprise and who has dem- onstrated as governor of Illinois his firm allegiance to efficiency and in government." Hitting at any federal attempts to solve racial problems through a compulsory fair employment practices commission, Robertson said: "Our Virginia viewpoint on FEPC is strengthened by the fact that Gov. Stevenson has indicated his belief that further opportunity for progress at state and local lev- els should be given before federal action is considered." Mid-morning I visit one of the chest, passed through the lung and Some political sources have re-1 most incredible positions ever oc- j went out his back. ported Wyatt may play an impor- j cupjed by American troops. It is I Military police said Gregory and tant role in the Democratic isolated hill four miles within companions are tempor tional that Stevenson [enemy lines, completely surround- attached to anti-aircraft unit o Tvicci. i may be considering him as a possi- ble successor to Frank McKinney, Democratic National Committee chairman. Stevenson's office did not im- mediately comment on the reports. William I. Flanagan, the gover- nor's press secretary, said the mystery of the Stevenson-Wyatt meetings probably would be clear- ky Chinese Communist territory ijn Chicago but are regularly sta- and looking down upon the fateful al Camp McCoy. armistice negotiation tents at Pan- j two Negroes held up i the soldiers in an alley near 35th DearborB Streets, in Chicago's 18 th side Negr district. They ob- munjom. As I stand m this strange out- post, I see through the glasses Communist soldiers filtering down a hill they mistakenly think to be in the neutral zone..They are go- ing to set up a gun with which to harass our hill. A beardless lieute- nant at my side calls down an ar- tained S15 from Gregory. ment, supervision and control of the state teachers colleges and all property appertaining the legislative group said: "An analysis of the state Teach- I ers College Board minutes for the [past six years leads to the conclu- j sion that the board makes little at- I tempt to exercise these power and I duties, but has delegated its re- sponsibility to the college presi- j dents." Differences Cited Some of the differences among the five colleges which result from the delegation of its authority by the board were cited by the sub- committee as follows: Variances in the number and amount of class course fees charg- ed by the five colleges: wide dif- ferences in quarter hour course requirements for majors and min- ors: and different policies in re- gard to tuition charges to students attending the five colleges' labora- tory schools. Committee members with Sen. Almen who made the study are Sen. Charles W. Root and Sen. Gerald T, Mullin, both of Minne- apolis, and Reps. Irvin M. Talle, Albert Lea, Stanley W.. Holmquist, Grove City. Lawrence F. Haeg, Minneapolis, and Carl A. Jensen, Sleepy Eye. KOREA WEATHER FEDERAL FORECAST Winona and Vicinity Consid- erable cloudiness and occasional Economic Stabilizer Roger Putnam, left, and Archibald Cox, newly named head of the Wage Stabilization Board, hold a joint press conference at Putnam's Washington headquarters. Cnx, a former law professor at Harvard University, was named to ths WSB post by President Truman Wednesday night after Nathan P. Fen- singer bowed out as the board chairman Tuesday. ed up later today. Wyatt lunched with tillery mission; which lands smack I yesterday in the Illinois executive, enemv and inflicts heavy! mansion. They then went to the governor's office for discussions (Continued s- that were interrupted for about an hour while Stevenson met with Sen. Kcrr Kerr was a candidate for the Democratic pres- idential nomination. Stevenson and Wyatt dined to- gether last evening, then continued their conferences. Wyatt, former mayo'r of Louisville. Ky., and na- tional housing expediter in 1946-47, spent the night at the executive mansion. The Stevenson-Wyatt friendship began when both were holding fed- eral administrative posts in Wash- ington. Xerr told newsmen he and the governor had "a little pep meeting for the Democratic cause and a little memorial meeting for the Republican cause." He said the agriculture plank of the Democratic platform had been discussed but declined to go into detail, In reply to a question, he said he didn't consider himself an adviser to Stevenson on farm prob- lems or on anything else. Danish Rulers View Base in Greenland By LASSE LEMKOW KARSARSAUK, Greenland UP! Denmark's King Frederik IX and Queen Ingrid concluded a state visit to Greenland today after an in- spection of Bluie West, one of the biggest U. S. air bases in the Danes' huge Arctic island colony. _.........____ ...._ AS the royal ship Dannesbrog put in at the air base port, the mon: thundershowers tonight and early arcriS were welcomed by an honor guard of 21 U. S. fliers. The bast Saturday. Warmer tonight, becom- ing cooler late Saturday. Low to- night 68, high Saturday 85. LOCAL WEATHER Official observations for the 24 hours ending at 12 m. today: Maximum, 88; minimum, 58: noon, 74; precipitation, .02; sun sets tonight at sun rises to- morrow at AIRPORT WEATHER (CAA Observations) Max. Temp. S3 at p. m. Thursday, min. 67 at a, m. to- day. Noon readings Clouds and scattered, visibility 12 miles. Wind 6 miles per hour from cast, humidity 76, barometer steady. bane! played "The Star Spangled Banner" and "King one of Denmark's national hymns. On hand to receive the royal couple was Col. Horace E. Frink, Jr., commanding officer of the base. Last night the king was host at a dinner aboard the Darinebrog for commanders of U. S. bases on the big island. Later the huge air base was thrown open to visiting newsmen for the first time since it was built during the war. The airport's runway stretches about two miles and can handle the world's biggest airplanes. The military hospital can house I patients. Additional weather on Page 3. I The exact number of airport per- sonnel was kept secret, but the best guess is that there are about enlisted men in addition to numerous civilians. The latter in- clude scores of 'women typists and telephone operators. Several foreign civilians work at the airport. Danish workers may apply for jobs soon. Only Green- landers are being barred from the base, in conformity with a standing rule against fraternizing with the native population. Queen Ingrid left for Copenha- gen by air today. After a formal inspection of the air base, the king was to sail'for home on the Dan- nebrog in the afternoon.