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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - July 25, 1952, Winona, Minnesota Cloudy, Cooler Tonight; Fair, Cooler Saturday VOLUME 52, NO. 135 Receive Your Paper At Your Vacation 3321 WINONA, MINNESOTA, FRIDAY EVENING, JULY 25, 1952 SIXTEEN PAGfS No Victor on 1st Democratic Ballot TODAY Democrats Think They Can Win By JOSEPH and STEWART ALSOP CHICAGO these words are the ritual clamor of the nominating speeches fills the Con- vention Hall.- Perhaps this is a good time, before the final out- come, to note an extremely signifi- cant fact. The Democrats think they will win this election. In a queer way, the Democratic atmosphere this time is reminis- cent of the Republican atmosphere in 1948. There is the same assur- ance, the same bland disregard of the common mischance and mis- fortunes of politics. There is also the same tendency, one must add, to underrate the opposition. In 1948, the Republicans thought any Chinaman could lick Truman, and the great ar- gument was about which Chi- naman would receive the as- signment. In the same fash- ion among the Democrats here in Chicago in 1952, only a very few wise and seasoned opera- tors seem to be able to bear in mind the great popular strength and potent personal- ity of Gen. Dwight D. Eisen- hower. The rest of these Democrats re- member only that they overesti- mated the general's campaigning magic in the days before Abilene. They now appear to count on him to spend the entire election cam- paign with his foot in his mouth, talking, so to speak, through his toes. In the humble opinion of these reporters, this is a mood and these are expectations dangerous to any party. None the less, the Democratic confidence of -victory has greatly helped so far. It is the real expla- nation of the rather successful compromise of the civil rights is- sue which has been arranged here. It was something of a triumph for the Democrats to bring ev- eryone but the Virginians, Louisi- anans and South Carolinians into the same corral. Before the convention open- ed, there was far more bitter- ness and far more belligeren- cy, both in North and South, than there was four years ago. The Northern civil rights ad- vocates were all but ready to expel the South from the par- ty, because of the record of the Southerners in the conserv- ative coalition in Congress. By the same token, the Southern- ers, filled with hatred of Pres- ident Truman, were all but prepared to take a walk. When they all got together here, however, they found that they were bound together by unexpectedly strong ties of common interest. If they had thought the election was going to go against them both sides would have, kept at each others' throats. The temptation to indulge their real feelings would have been too strong. Instead, with aD the fruits of victory piled up, as it were upon the table in the Plat- form Committeeroom, both sides restrained their emotions lest the hoped-for feast be snatched away from them. The true atmosphere was typified by an incident early in the hag- gling, when Gov. Allan Shivers of Texas leaned across the table to Sen. Herbert Lehman of New York, and said, "You fellows have got to help us." To this Lehman replied, "Well, you fellows have got to help us too." This spirit, plus the intervention of President Truman to prevent an open break over the loyalty rule, produced the eventual rather peaceful result. The true James F. Byrnes of South Car- olina, Sen. Harry Byrd of Vir- ginia and the more fiery spirits of Americans for Dem- ocratic Action were aban- doned by their respective ar- mies. W. Averell Harriman, whose candidacy stood to gain greatly by a no-holds-barred civil rights fight, thought first of his party and of his candi- dacy second. And all but the Southern extremists were able to reach a workable accommo- dation of view. The prospect of relative Demo- cratic unity unquestionably im- proves the Democratic chance of victory. To this, any honest ob- server who has attended, both the great conventions must add one further point. Although the Dem- ocratic party has grown pretty old and pretty raddled in 20 years of office, it has still managed to look more vigorous, at least on the surface, than the Republican party. Certainly this is mainly because the old guardsmen controlled the Republican arrangements. Sen. Joseph R. McCarthy was the most important political newcomer the old guard summoned to the Repub- lican podium. With almost no ex- ceptions, the old guard orators struck only three for the past, hatred of the present, and uneasy fear of the future. Balloons And State Standards are raised in front of speaker's rostrum at Democratic National Convention Thursday night in Chicago during demonstration for Sen. Hubert H. Humphrey of Minnesota. On speaker's stand is Rep. Eugene McCarthy, who placed his name in nomination. (AP Wirephoto to The Republican-Herald) Northern Coalition Beaten, 3 Southern States Win Seats By RELMAN MORIN CHICAGO wonderland was a quiet and sensible place compared with that big, arch-roofed establishment out in the stock- yards, where the Democrats are busy picking a candidate for the They are groggy from a succession of late nights and snowblind maneuvers that took place last night and early today. This is going to be a little hard to explain. Motions were made, and then motions to table the original motion, or some other, somehow got into the works. Once, the roll call of states was going along nicely, and was about half-way down the list when a delegate arose and asked, "Mr. Chairman, will you tell us what I we are voting It was a good question, and it seemed to startle some of the dele- i gations that already had cast I Plenty of Confusion Rep. Sam Rayburn of Texas, a short, compact man with a shiny bald pate and an air of infinite patience, was gavelling the pro- cedings. In Washington, Rayburn presides over the House of Repre- sentatives. Hence, he knows his way around in Robert's Rules of Order. But this Truman Flies To Convention without use of Act they are Himself Again By WARREN ROGERS JR. CHICAGO The ball is over today for the Democratic National Convention's political Cinderella. He can take off his mask and be just plain Thomas J. Gavin, coun- cilman of Kansas City', Mo. For almost a week he has been acting as two other people. When it came time for Missouri to ballot, he cast one-half vote for delegate Harry S. Truman of In- dependence, Mo., President .of the United States. His VIP-type badge hung heavily on his chubby chest. It was en- graved, "Dean G. Acheson, secre- tary of state." That was so he could waltz with ense about the jam-packed Convention Hall. Neither the real Truman nor the real Acheson was at the conven- tion. They were in Washington. Thus, alternate delegate Gavin- wearing the official colors. of the one and the open-sesame badge of the other floated on a cloud of glory for four days. His biggest moment came yes- terday. He ended a long guessing game, heightened since the con- vention opened Monday: For whom would President Tru- man vote in the selection of the party's 1952 presidential nominee today? At a Missouri caucus Gavin gave the answer. But not right away. He stalled, talking about other things, when 'the delegation was polled, then announced: time, he had to turn to the convention parliamentarian, Rep. Clarence Cannon of Missouri, to find out just where they were. On two other occasions, Rayburn either forgot, or deliberately loiter- ed, in announcing the results of roll call votes. By the time they were finished, the convention was voting on something else, entirely. In the middle of all this, a fire started, down near South Carolina was a hot delegation, any- a panicky voice blared out over the P.A, system. "Don't get panicky. It's only a newspaper burning." Some of the political writers thought he said "newspaperman" and began preparing bulletins and obituaries. South Dakota walked out, at one point, or appeared to, but nobody could determine exactly whether the whole delegation went or just the man with the state placard. Anyway, by the time the next roll call began, there was South Dakota, right in there again, pitching votes. WASHINGTON Truman flies to is expected to be the concluding session of the Democratic National Convention today with the air of a happy man. An agreement pointing to the end of the prolonged steel strike dan- gled from his belt. He could tell fellow Democrats tonight that the victory was won the Taft-Hartley pledged to repeal. And with Gov. Adlai Stevenson of Illinois a heavy favorite for his party's presidential nomination, there were indications Truman may be able to boast he had picked a winner there, too. The President announced his support of Stevenson through a White House announcement while nominations were under way yes- terday and his aides are saying that Stevenson has been Truman's choice ever since the President re- moved himself as a possible candi- date for re-election. Truman leaves Washington at 1 p.m., EST, aboard the White House plane, The Independence, for the 2V4 hour flight to Chicago's Muni- cipal Airport, He will go directly to his suite in the Blackstone Hotel, to remain un- til 6 p.m. when he goes to a pri- vate dinner party. From there he will walk over to the convention to voice his support of the new ticket. He plans a real "give 'em hell" campaign talk to the delegates, with a promise to stump anywhere in the country the new nominee and the National Committee re- quests his service. After turning over the Demo- cratic standard to its new bearer he plans to fly to Missouri Satur- day to remain at his home in In- dependence until he votes in the state Democratic primary Aug. 5. Mrs. Truman is accompanying the President to Chicago. Names of 11 Put Before Convention Demonstrations Take Most of Afternoon CHICAGO Here are some of the words with which 11 names were placed in nomination before the Democratic convention: Richard Russell (by Sen. Walter George of "The ablest candidate in the race a man physically qualified, mentally qual- ified and emotionally qualified for the presidency." Estes Kefauver (by Gov. Gordon Browning of Tennessee) "Cer- tainly possessed of a mandate from the American people to be the Democratic nominee for Pres- ident." Robert Kerr (by Rep. Carl Al- bert of Oklahoma) "Ready willing and anxious to lead this country at this critical time." William Fulbright (by Storm Whaley of Arkansas) has not forgotten that military strength alone can not bring peace." Averell Harriman (by Rep. Franklin D. Roosevelt Jr. of New "He has had 20 years of dedication, selfless dedication, to the welfare, the interests of the people." Oscar Ewing (by Mayor Erastus Corning of Albany, N.Y.) "If I were limited to one word in de- scribing my candidate, that word would be loyalty to the people our country our way of life." Adlai Stevenson (by Gov. Elbert resen N- Carvel Delaware and Gov. res en F Schricker and what one f ivil Presdent Pres dent Less Reluctant Supporters of Gov. Adlai E. somewhat less re- luctant to'become the party stand- ard bearer than he has been be- the attack to 10 op- "I intend to cast Mr. Truman's ponents seeking the top nomination, vote for the governor of The- IUmois governor's legions Mr. Stevenson." It was, he said, "the President's choice." At the convention today he got a chance to carry out his intentions. He or rather, President Truman can vote for Adlai E. Stevenson, the draftee who never did say no. Truman himself comes to the convention tonight, to present to the final session whoever it chooses as 1952 standard bearer. And pumpkin-shaped Tom Gavin goes back to Kansas City, himself again. June Gasoline Tax Amounts to 4 Million ST. PAUL Net gasoline tax collections during June amounted to. State Tax Commis- sioner G. Spaeth reported today. 'were rolling swiftly forward, spur- (Cbntinued on Page 5, Column 2.) COALITION Aitkin Floodwaters Dropping Slightly AITKIN, Minn. Floodwaters of the Mississippi River dropped very slightly over night, leading to hopes that the worst was over. The river stood at 14.21 feet this morning, compared with 14.3 feet yesterday. Flood stage is 12 feet. Water still covered some acres of farmland in the area, and made county roads impassable. Heavy rains were responsible for the high water, with 15 inches of rain in a five-day period. of my again wear Stevenson colors" "His own humil- ity, dignity, sanity and capacity for confident leadership have imagination, caught the fired the hopes of the American people" G. Mennen Williams (by Sen. Blair Moody of lions see in him the symbol of all that is clean, wholesome and forthright." Paul A. Dever (by Thomas F Gov. Adlai Stevenson of Illinois, whose name has been placed in nomination before the Democratic National Convention as a presidential candidate, waves a cheerful greeting as he leaves the home of William McCormick Blair on the near north side of Chicago this morning. The governor went for a walk, accompanied by Jim Paley, left, Chicago policeman assigned to guard the candidate. (AP Wirephoto to The Republican-Herald) Steel Strike Over, Work Next Week By ROWLAND EVANS JR. WASHINGTON longest, costliest steel strike in American history in effect is over. Production is expected to resume next week. The striking CIO Steelworkers Union was considered virtually certain today to ratify a strike-ending agreement reached at the White House after President Truman personally a settlement. It was not a clear cut victory for anyone union, industry, or the government. There was give and take on all sides. The end of the crippling, 53-day strike was announced late yester- day by the President himself, who said CIO President Philip Murray and U.S. Steel Chairman Benjamin man among the j Fajrlejs' <.have reached agree- distinguished names you will con sider can better fulfill the hopes and aspirations of that vast silent body of citizens who have no advocate." Hubert Humphrey (by Rep. Eugene McCarthy of Minnesota) His fight has always been to ment on important basic issues" after day-long conferences, and predicted a "speedy resumption of steel production." Meet Today He said Murray would meet to- day with his 175-man Wage-Policy achieve for the people of the j Committee to obtain ratification United States, and for other peo-i of the agreement, pies, both freedom and security." Alben W. Barkley (by Sen. Thomas Hennings of "He has become the symbol of our crusade as symbol of the achievements of the Demo- cratic party." 'I'd Lather Be Right' With 'Soapy' Mennen CHICAGO WV-Easily the worst joke committed at the Democratic national convention is a campaign slogan contributed by a newspa- perman to "favorite son" Gov. G. Mennen "Soapy" Williams of Michigan. Williams, as you might guess from the name and the nickname, is a member of the shaving cream and so the slogan goes: a right than be President." Chairman Orvillrf L. Freeman of the Minnesota delegation shouts for recognition by the chair to challenge right of three southern states, Louisiana, Virginia and South Carolina, to be in- cluded in roll call because they had not signed new party loyalty pledge. Freeman was on his feet when Louisiana was called on nomination roll call and yielded to Virginia at the Democratic convention in Chicago. (AP Wirephoto to The Republican-Herald) of Fairless, it was reliably learned, plans to make a personal appear- ance before this committee in a dramatic move aimed at wiping out any bitterness. The union .in- vited him to 'make a short talk to the group after a closed session during which actual ratification of the agreement was scheduled. At best it will be four or five days before any substantial pro- duction steel is reached. It takes that long to heat up the banked blast furnaces which stand by workers have kept alive ever since the strike started June 2, The new steel which colnes out of some 380 struck plants will sell for at least a ton more than before the strike started. A few minutes after Truman's dramatic announcement the gov- ernment approved a price in- crease of that amount for raw, or carbon, steel. Specialized, alloy steel will get a boost a ton. Cosf-of-Living Boost Some officials have predicted that such a boost would increase the cost of living, already at an all-time high. The price increase, ironically enough, was the price increase Charles E. Wilson, as defense mobilizer, had said the industry should get to compensate for high- er wage costs. Wilson said he thought he had presidential ap- proval for an over-ceiling boost but Price Stabili2er Ellis Arnall refused to go along and said that as long as he was price boss the industry would not get more than the allowed under the Cape- hart Amendment to the controls law. Truman stuck with Arnall, and Wilson resigned in a huff. He wrote the President, "You changed the plan we agreed upon." No wage or other terms were announced at yesterday's White House session, but it was reliably learned the agreement includes these A wage boost of 16 cents an hour for basic steelwork- ers; a highly modified form of union shop which allows present non-union members to stay out and gives new employes a 15-day es- cape period during their first month of employment; six paid holidays; three weeks vacation after 15 years service; a two-year contract dating from last June 30, with a wage reopener next June 30. These concessions come to a .total of just over 21 cents an hour (Continued on Page 10, Column 8.) STEEL First Ballot CONVENTION HALL, Chicago state-by-state vote on the first ballot for the Democratic presidential nomination follows: Alabama 22 votes: Kefauvez 8; Russcl 13; Stevenson '.i; Barkie.v Alaska 6 votes: Kela'jvcr 6. Arizona 12 votes: Kcrr 12. Arkansas 22 votes: FuJbrisht California 68 votes: Kefauvcr 68. Colorado 16 votes: Hsrrifflas 5: Kefauvcr 2- Russell S: Stevenson not voting: Connecticut 16 votes: McMahon 16. Delaware 6 votes: Stevenson 6. Florida 24 votes: Kefsuver 5; Kussel 13. Georgia 28 votes: Russell 2S. Ha-tvah 6 votes: Esrriman 1; Kefauver l; Stevenson 2: Barkley Idaho 12 votes: Stevenson 1'i: Harrl. man Kcfauver 3: Kcrr 3; Russell 1. Illinois 60 votes: Stevenson 52: Harri- man 1: Kcfauver 3: Douglas 3. Indiana 26 votes: Stevenson 25; Ke- fauver I. Iowa 24 votes: Stevenson 8: Hr.rrlnmn I'i; Kefauve.- 6; Kcrr 3: Russell 2; Bark- ley 2'i. Kansas 15 votes: Stevenson 16. Kentucky 26 votes: Stevenson 26. Louisiana 20 votes: Russell 20. Maine 10 votes: Stevenson 3; Harriman 1'j: Kefauver Russell Ewing 1. Maryland 18 votes: Kelauver 18. Massachusetts 36 votes: Devcr 36. Michigan 40 votes: Willian-.s 40. Minnesota 26 votes: Humphrey 26. Mississippi, 13 votes: Russell 18. Missouri's 34-vote delegation was polled. Missouri 34 votes: Harriman I'.i: Ke- fauvcr 2: Kerr 4; Stevenson 18; Barklcy not 1. Monlana 12 votes: Senator Murray 12. Nebraska's 12-man delegation was polled. Nebraska 12 votes: Kefauvcr 5; Kerr 4; Russell 1; Stevenson 2. Nevada 10 votes: Kefauver Kerr '13; Russell 8; Stevenson 1. New Hampshire 8 votes: KcfaVver 8. Sew Jersey 32 votes: Harriman 1; Kc- fauver 3; Stevenson 28. New Mexico's 12-man delegation polled. Sew Mexico 12 votes: Harriman 1: Ke- fnuver I'i; Kerr Russell 4: Steven- New York 94 votes: Harrkntm S3'i: Kc- fav.vcr 1; Stevenson Ewins 3. NorUi Carolina 32 votes: Russell 26; Ste- venson V.i; Barkley l-j. North Dakota 8 votes: Kefauver 2: Kerr 2; Russell 2: Stevenson 2. Ohio's 54-man delegation was polled. Ohio 54 votes: Harriman 1: Kcfauvcr "o'k'lahoma 24 votes: Kerr 24. Oregon 12 votes: Kefuiiver 12. Pennsylvania's 70-nian delation was polled. Pennsylvania "0 votes: Stevenson 3b: Ke- fauvcr 22'-j; Harriman J'.i; Kerr DOIIK- 1ns Truninn 6. Rhode Island 12 votes: Harriman Kefauver 3te; Stevenson 5'a; Dever 1; Bnrklev Vi, South Carolina 1C votes: Russell .6. South Dakota 8 votes: Kctauver 8. Tennessee, 28 votes: Kefauver 28. Texas 52 votes: Russell 52. Utah 12 votes; Harrtman elir. Kefauver Vi: Kcrr 2Vi: Russell 2: Stevenson 'j. Vermont 6 votes: Kcffluvcr Va: Steven- son 6; Dever '.i. Virginia 28 votes: Russe'l 28. WashinRton 22 votes: Harriman 1: Ke- lauver 12: Kerr Russell Vi; Steven- son 5Mi: Williams WEATHER FEDERAL FORECAST Winona and Vicinity Partly cloudy and cooler tonight. Satur- day fair and cooler. Low tonight 60, high Saturday 80. LOCAL WEATHER Official observations for the 24 hours ending at 12 m. today: Maximum, 89; minimum, 60; noon, 89; precipitation, none; sun sets tonight at sun rises to- morrow at AIRPORT WEATHER (CAA Observations) Max. Temp. 89 at noon, minv72 at a. hi. Noon readings Clouds feet, scattered; no ceiling, visibility 15 miles, barom- eter 29.84, steady; wind, 15 miles per hour, south and humidity 52 per cent. Additional weather on Page 3. 3 Bunched for Top Places in Convention Race Truman to Address Convention Tonight At 8 (Winona Time) BULLETIN CONVENTION HALL. CHICAGO (IP) With the first ballot roll call completed, the official count for the Democra- tic presidential nomina- tion stood: Harriman 126 Kefauver 300V2 Kerr 67V2 Russell Stevenson Others...... 199 At 3 p. m. the Michi- gan delegation switch- ed its 40 votes from 'Williams to Kefauver and immediately a poll of the delegation' was demanded. Previously Connecticut had switch- ed its 16 votes from McMahon to Stevenson. By JACK BELL CONVENTION HALL, Chicago (jfV- A multiple-ballot battle over the Democratic presidential nomi-' nation developed today as it be- came apparent that no candidate could win the prize on the first count. Barring last minute switches, which seemed unlikely, Gov. Adlai E. Stevenson of Illinois. Sen. Estes Kefauver of Tennessee and Sen. Richard B. Russell of Georgia headed for a tieup on the first ballot with none of them with- in striking distance of the 615H votes-needed for victory. With the first count progressing slowly in this suddenly quiet am- phitheater, there were indications that Stevenson was developing the strength that might carry him to a later nomination unless his op- ponents could combine against him quickly. As an indication of what might happen on the second roll call, Sen. Hubert Humphrey of Minne- sota announced he was releasing his "favorite son" vote in that state. Humphrey, who has said he would be glad to see Stevenson nominated, told reporters he ex- pected the 26-vote group to split its support among the Illinois governor, Kefauver and W. Averell Harriman of New York. The potential Stevenson strength looked so large there was talk that Harriman soon might topple out of the race and attempt to throw his support to Kefauver. James Roosevelt of California said the Tennessee'ai's showing had demonstrated that the draft Steven- son move "has now been proved to be completely synthetic." Michigan delegates voted in caucus to cast their 40 votes for Kefauver on the second ballot. They went to Gov. Mennea Wil- liams on the first ballot. But in deciding to go for Ke- fauver on the second, they left themselves free to switch else- where if they want to. Sen. Richard B. Russell of Geor- gia told a television audience short- ly before the balloting began that he was "confident" he would get the nomination. He said he would be glad to have Stevenson for a vice-presidential running mate. Russell's lieutenant had set a 2S5 vote goal on the first ballot- He conceded privately that the Georgian can't go much beyond votes are needed for lit: the there are unexpected developments. There was considerable belief in the Russell camp that the Geor- gia senator might fry to throw his strength to Vice-President Alben W. Barkley if Russell became-con- vinced he couldn't win. Barkley, a surprise entry after an earlier withdrawal, might de- velop into Stevenson's chief rival, in that case. Nevertheless, the Stevenson bandwagon was rolling along swift- ly and Sen. Francis Myers of Pennsylvania, Stevenson's floor manager, told a reporter: 'We'll make it on the second or third ballot." President Truman will speak from notes in addressing the con- vention at 8 p. m. (Winona Time) tonight. He is at his oratorical best when he is not reading from a prepared text. There was a flurry of excitement a half hour before Truman de- parted from Washington. The nose wheel tire went flat for some un- known reason. It was quickly re- paired. Earlier today Jack Kroll, CIO political action director, asked all CIO member-delegates at the De- mocratic convention to vote for Gov. Stevenson. t
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