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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - July 23, 1952, Winona, Minnesota Confinue Fair, Pleasant Tonight and Thursday Band Concert Tonight Lake Park VOLUME 52, NO. 133 SIX CENTS PER COPY WINONA, MINNESOTA, WEDNESDAY EVENING, JULY 23, 1952 TWENTY PAGES Discussing Today's Agricultural Area Tour over a cup of morning coffee are, left to right, George Robertson, president of the First Na- tional Bank and head of the local "ag" commit- tee; Lee Moore, Red Wing, district soil conserva- tionist; S. J. Kryzsko, president of the Winona National Savings Bank; Frank Patenattle, Araite, La., president of Louisiana Bankers As- sociation; W, T. Nolin, Hamburg La., president of Louisiana Association of SCS district supervi- sors; Ralph Musser, Milwaukee, regional SCS director, and J. R. Chappell, president of the Merchants National Bank, Winona. Republican-Herald photo TODAY Democrats Convinced They'HWin By JOSEPH and STEWART ALSOP CHICAGO There are two im- portant things about this Demo- L S ees Group onservation Gilmore Valley was looking its best from a soil conservation stand- cratic convention. Most of the dele- point today as some 190 bankers and farmers with Southern drawls came to look it over. A special train brought the large delegation of Louisiana men to Winona early this morning for the only stop being made in Minnesota r hm? ih1 compromise proviso came into being. Moody said he Truman Plans Speech at Convention gates are now strongly convinced that their party can win another national election. And the great majority of the delegates have an acute personal interest, of one sort or another, in keeping their party in power. This is the true explanation of one of the most remarkable po- litical phenomena of our the movement to draft Gov. Adlai Stevenson of Illinois as Democrat- ic nominee. This movement is j again forging forward, despite j Stevenson's anguished against all the common rules of politics, and in defiance of a horde of other eager aspirants. If Gen. D wight D. Eisenhower had turned out to be the magical campaigner originally envisioned, the supporters of Vice President Alben W. Barkley would have had a walkaway. They have a vastly popular man to run. They had the President's nod, in tbe form of a Truman statement that Barkley entirely acceptable. They had ten. i i tr jinjt v, ui M v'-i iJi_ tjuu j as the great advantage of Stevenson s a successor was added to the list: these Louisi-na men realized. Af- North-South Compromise on Loyalty Seen White House Order Puts Damper on Threat to Unity By WARREN ROGERS JR. CHICAGO UP) "A North-South compromise on a loyalty pledge- drafted reportedly on direct orders from the White the damper today on the hottest threat to Democratic unity. A 1948-type party split at this convention. The compromise, approved by the Convention Credentials Com- mittee last midnight, goes to the convention floor today. There was only the slimmest possibility of opposition there. The bid for party harmony seemed to have taken much of the sting out of Dixie's defeat Mon- day night on the loyalty pledge ssue. The convention then adopted a rule requiring delegates to prom- se they would, do their utmost to the convention's nominees on heir home-state ballots. The compromise was a proviso dded to the pledge saying no del- egate would be forced to sign the >romise if it went against state aws or state party rules. Pledge Rule The pledge the old larty-splitting issue of civil rights t its rammed through he convention over loud Southern irotests. Chief ramrods were .lichigan's Sen. Blair Moody and >Jew York's Rep, Franklin D. Roosevelt Jr. Early today Moody told a report- White House Call Unites Factions WASHINGTON on the group's 1952 tour. These Southern visitors were in- terested in seeing how erosion has been combated through scientific methods in Gilmore Valley and on I Winona farms. I After a breakfast at the Hotel I Winona, the group boarded char- jtered buses from Levee Park to view the model soil conservation project. Hosts at the breakfast were Wi- jnona bankers, with George Robert- I son, president of the First National Bank and head of the agriculture Truman today promised his home committee the'Winona Associa- state delegation an early decision tion of Commerce, presiding during on his choice of a Democratic presidential nominee and then turned to work on the "give 'em hell" speech he plans to make in i Chicago later. j Just when he'll let his alternate, Tom J. Gavin, and the Missouri a brief program. "We've been giving you the best of our soil for many joked Robertson "We're glad you've come to vi- sit the source." Behind Robertson's statement got a telephone call from Wash- ington, from Charles Murphy, le- gal adviser to President Truman. The President reportedly was kept up to the minute on what was taking place. Moody said Murphy suggested "clarifying" the pledge rule fay tacking onto it some of the ex- planations offered Monday night by Roosevelt and Moody. These two had said then that the pledge would not force any delegates to go against state laws or state party the main ar- gument advanced by the rebellious Southern states. Mrs. Franklin D. Roosevelt is greeted with a roaring ovation by delegates on her appear- ance on the rostrum at last night's session of the Democratic National Convention in Chicago. State standards are thrust up in welcome. The demons- tration, greatest of the convention so far, lasted for 15 minutes. In her address she defended Presi- dent Truman's foreign policy and pleaded for sup- port of the Korean war. (AP Wirephoto to The Republican-Herald) Tremendous For Mrs. Roosevelt By ED CREAGH CONVENTION HALL, Chicago the last dented campaign button has been swept up, when the fervor and sweat of the.national conventions are only blurred echoes, two events will stand out in the memory of those who saw both gatherings of the political clans: Herbert Hoover, 74, fighting back tears, getting the ovation of his delegates know his preference for I was more truth than fiction, as reluctance. Valuable Priie I of White House secrets. ter today's tour they would clear- But presidential spokesmen ac-jly understand how" and why so If the delegates had thought the knowledgcd Truman talked by tel-1 much valuable topsoil has "been nomination was not going to be worth very much, Barkley would surely have got it. They are very astute professional politicians, ephone yesterday with Sen. Hen- nings (D-Mo) and would not take issue with Kennings' statement to reporters in Chicago that the Pres- these Barkley leaders. They may I ident would pass along the word well bring off a Barkley nomina-1 today. carried down the Mississippi River over the past half century. From Garvin Heights, first stop after breakfast, the men viewed Lake Winona and learned how silt I from Gilmore and Rollingstone val- "That's what we did in the pro- Me fte Party he led to V1C" Moody said. tory almost a quarter-century ago. "The amendment in no wise Franklin D. Roosevelt, weakens the Moody resolution. It merely states the obvious. The ad- ditional wordage does not in any way let anyone off the hook who planned to walk away from the convention and run out on the candidates. tion, even now. Yet the two cen- The President kept up to the j leys filled the body of water in, tral facts of this convention, al- ready noted above, have nonethe- less caught the Barkleyites be- tween wind and water. The dele- gates came to town. They heard Barkley was ahead. At once they angrily protested that a Barkley nomination would throw away an excellent chance of Democratic minute on convention proceedings jyear after year. demanded Stevenson, ner." The force of the grass roots sen- timent among the delegates was plainly evident in the recep- tion accorded to Gov. Stevenson when he made his speech of wel- come. "Spontaneous demonstra- with cheer leaders, organ- izers and demonstrators paid an hour, have become a tiresome joke at our quadrennial political rallies. This demonstration for through press association reports and his own television set. But there was every indication that he was several jumps ahead on every turn through telephone reports from his personal contact men at the convention. Wherever there was a smoke- j said to be in the thick of the smoke. Truman has said repeatedly that Johnson Describes E. V. Johnson, Winona County agent, was telling the story. He reviewed how dredging in 1900 failed; how in less than 20 years' "If he does, he's a dishonorable veifS turn man because he's violating pledge." too, bearing the other party a message from her late husband- he who led the Democrats to vic- tory over Hoover and three succes- sive other Republicans in the most turbulent years of our century. Last night it was Eleanor Roose- ST. PAUL W Word was re- ceived at the state capitol today Scream for Death of Iran's Ex-Premier Qavam By NATE POLOWETZKY TEHRAN, Iran Lfi frenzied mob of screamed anew to- day for the death of former Pre. mier Ahmed Qavam and anti- American feeling rose in Tehran in the wake of Mohammed Mos- sadegh's latest triumphs at home and abroad. Mossadegh, renominated Premier yesterday by the lower house of Parliament, now appeared undis- puted boss of Iran as a result of Monday's violent outbreak which Southerner Sought to Run With Stevenson Party Wheelhorses Back in Control, Will Name Ticket BULLETIN CONVENTION HALL, Chicago UP) Virginia, South Carolina, and Louisiana delegates were allowed to remain seated in trie Democratic National Copven- today at a tumultuous session that left their furure status as voting delegates in doubt. By JACK BELL CONVENTION HALL, Chicago, W The Democratic convention, achieved a new air of harmony today under White House signal calling and party veterans pressed for a Stevenson-Southerner ticket which could seal a North-South union for the November election. Intervention by President Tru- man's staff bad calmed the once- raging North-South battle over a "loyalty pledge." There were signs, too, that Tru- man might give his open blessing to Gov. Adlai Stevenson for the presidential nomination before the convention gets around tonight to calling the roll of states for nomi- Secretary of Interior Oscar Chapman, who has been a Truman emissary at the convention, bad a Voting Thursday CONVENTION HALL, CHI- CAGO Balloting for presi- dential and vice-presidential nominees at the Democratic National Convention may get under way late tomorrow or at Friday's opening session. jthat F. M. Davidson, suspended J swept Qavam from his briefly held natural to call her 1st- cloud reformatory guard, I seat and yesterday's decision of the Most Satisfied Key Southerners, for the most part, indicate satisfaction with the pledge plus proviso. There was only one public Sen. John Stennis said he was not sure Mississippi would go along. The convention time-table called for all loyalty pledges to be signed and turned in to the Cre- though she was the j committed suicide after being told Iratl in its oil dispute with widow of a President of the United by Warden Carl Jackson that he I Britain. States. That's what the columnists and the cartoonists called her in the old days now dear to 12 years and a few months when she galli- vanted the globe, with the White House her home base. She remembered those days, too. time, the lake filled in again; how dentials Committee before it filed She spoke of them, smiling, in her speech to the roaring Democrats was to be charged with embezzle- ment. Davidson was one of two guards Anti-American The anti-American feeling stem- med from growing belief that the breakfast conference with the Illi- nois governor. They met in the apartment of Edward McDougal, a friend of the governor. It was learned that Chapman proposed the meeting. As to the convention machinery, it was clear the party wheelhorses were back in the driver's seat and out to name the ticket. United States had supported Qa- j If the party's "pros" have their suspended during an investigation jvam, whose announced intention to way, that ticket might read: being conducted by the Attorney I seek a settlement with Britain had have expired tomorrow. in 1934 hearings were held and a The Credentials Committee also f. .of a cartoon showing two men I Jhe specific charge against Da- Cmtr01 "self of a companion I in a coal mine, one saying to the was that: heAppropriated ject was established. At the Erwin Michael farm the touring Southerners had a chance morning to view conservation he proposed to have his choice made known by his alternate when the latter casts his vote on the first ballot. Hennings said Truman's first choice, given to Gavin in a letter, is no longer the man he now plans to endorse. Hennings de- strip cropping, crop rotation, di- version dikes. They heard Michael explain that such practices have almost stopped excessive water run-off, and, as a result, erosion has come almost to a standstill. William Sillman, veteran farm duced from the President's Ian- j planner with the Soil Conservation Stevenson was wholly unorganized, j guage that he originally planned j Service, who came here when the It made less noise than the plan-i to vote for Vice President Bark- Gilmore nroiect was pstahlkhrrl 17 plan ned and paid-for type. But it ex- pressed real feeling. Truth in Theory What, then, is the secret of this Stevenson candidacy? A cynical and rather immoral old profession- al has argued to these reporters that the power of the Stevenson ley, who withdrew from the con- test Monday night. In addition to voting on a nom- inee, the President faced another task: Giving the convention's ulti- mate selection the best sendoff pos- sible. This will come in the form of 1 pasture. Gilmore project was established 17 years ago, continued the story be- gun by Johnson and Michael. Sillman pointed out that em- phasis was on vegetative control. Land was separated for cropping, row. It voted, 3G-to-13 and 33-to-17 respectively, last night to seat Texas and Mississippi delegations which oppose the Truman admin- istration. WEATHER FEDERAL FORECAST Winona and and cooler tonight. Thursday fair and pleasant. Low tonight, 60, high Thursday 82. LOCAL WEATHER Official observations for the 24 other: "Gosh, here comes Eleanor. Now what is she doing traveling around the world just making more And the Democrats laughed. But not very heartily. For this woman in the plain blue street dress, with the two big diamond rings casting sparks o reflection from the merciless spot lights, was a serious symbol tc them. A symbol of victory aftei victory in a year when the Re publicans have some ideas abou winning the Presidency themselves for a change. General's office into reports of ir-' rioting, regularities at the reformatorv. Da- j., Banians also were angered vid'son's 30-dav suspension "would American judge on tie World Court had voted against the majority ruling upholding Iran's contention that the court had no jurisdiction over the British-Iranian dispute. The huge crowd jamming the ancient Ark Mosque in Tehran's bazaar section was told today Qa- vam bad been arrested but had escaped immediately after. Uncon- firmed reports persisted, however, to his own use S55 collected from the convent and school of Our Lady of Lourdes, Little Falls, in January of this year for work performed by prison inmates. The work, rebinding books for the convent school, was done while Davidson was an employe in hours ending at 12 m. today: Maxi-1 Asides, Mrs. Roosevelt brough mum, 97; minimum, 65; noon, 71; I? message as did Her nrficinitat-on none- sun seL< to- bert Hoover to the Republicans precipitation, none; sun sets to- and the steeper, more eroded j night at sun rises tomorrow areas, were left for permanent I at _. .t-'J-lJ Hill V-Vt'it .Hi 1.1IC 1.ULJ11 candidacy is another proof of what one of Ws -em helr speeches he calls his "theory of politics and attacking the Republicans. love." He draws a dreary contrast between the eager, pouncing, sweaty-palmed young man, who goes after his girl so hard that he is always panting loudly, and the (Continued on Page 17, Column 4.) ALSOPS It is for this speech, to be de- livered in Chicago following the nomination, that he assembled in- formation. The White House was uncertain whether he would have a prepared manuscript or speak from notes. No Terracing Terracing, he said, was not prac- tical because of the difficulty of establishing outlets. Waterways have been kept in sod, he explain- ed, and gullies were closed. Trees were planted in open (Continued on Page 3, Column 4.) LOUISIANA AIRPORT WEATHER (CAA Observations) Max. 02 at p.m. Tuesday, mfn. 64 at a.m. today. Noon 72, clouds, scattered. No ceiling, visibility 15 plus. Winds west 20 miles, gusts up to 30. Humidity 71, barometer 30.10 rising. Additional weather on Page 17. ANTI-CORRUPTION MOVE Army Seizes CAIRO WV- The Army seiz- ed the government of Egypt to- day in a coup d'etat led by a Palestine war hero, Gen. Mo- hammed Naguifa, whose ap- pointment as War Minister was vetoed fast weekend by King Farouk. The Egyptian State Broad- casting Company announced the coup. The radio said the army had taken over to halt a prevailing state of corruption. The sudden action, taken ap- parently last night, came just a few hours after the inde- pendent leader, Ahmed Naguib Hilaly Pasha, formed a new government, Egypt's fifth in six months. Hilaly Pasha, who had been premier until about three weeks ago, returned to office after the weekend resignation of Premier Hussein Sirry Pa- sha. The latter had wanted to name Gen. Naguib war min- ister, but King Farouk refused to approve the appointment. Sirry Pasha quit as a result of the king's action. In London, Western diplo-. mats viewed Naguib's action as designed to show the king the Army is tired public graft, political instability and palace intrigue. Government scandals, originating during the Palestine war, have involv- ed several high officials said to be palace favorites. Naguib and his followers were believed in the British capital, however, to back the new premier's declared anti- corruption program. Hilaly has committed himsejf to a relent- less drive against income tax evaders, arms racketeers and other grafters. The general is considered by London circles to be a man of high integrity, with wide influ- ence among nationalist-inclin- ed officers of the Egyptian Army. He was wounded three times in th'e Palestine war. two weeks ago. They got the same sort of re ception. Spontaneous. Affectionate, Frenzied. Jusr as for Hoover, tha dele- gates howled, rang cowbells and surged through the aisles for Eleanor. They demonstrat- ed for a full IS minutes. News- men were only half kidding when they said if it was voting the Democrats probably would nominate her for Presi- dent. And the messages they brought, this patriarch and this matriarch of the political tribes, were just about as far apart as they could be. Hoover's advice has been report- ed before: Don't go overboard on aid to other countries. Concen- trate on a big Air Force, capable of striking back 'like a rattlesnake if the United States is attacked. Don't bankrupt the country with big spending and ruinous taxes. Mrs. Roosevelt might have written her speech as a point-by- point answer: "There is a minority in this country which advocates changing our national symbol which is the eagle to that of the ostrich and withdrawing from the United Na- tions. "Our men are fighting in Korea on Page T5, Column 6.) MRS. ROOSEVELT i of reformatory. print that he was being held by police I south of the capital. Gov. Adlai E. Stevenson of Illi- nois: Sen. Richard B. Russell of Georgia for vice president. May Be Russell But if Russell won't go along with the idea, either Sen. John Sparkman of Alabama or Sen. William Fulbright of Arkansas might be substituted for him. This potential lineup emphasized a complete reversal of the trend which saw rampaging Northern Democrats who like to style them- selves as "liberals" take conven- tion control temporarily and try (Continued on Page 17, Column 5.) CONVENTION Shouting Demonstrators Against the appoint- ment of Ahmed Quavam as premier of Iran carry off one of their wounded during riots in Tehran Monday. Riots swept Quavam from his briefly- held tenure of office and re-elevated Mohammed Mossadegh to the premiership. Today in Tehran frenzied mobs screamed anew for the death of Quavam and anti-American feeling asose from, growing belief that the United States has sup- ported Quavam, whose announced intentions to seek a settlement with Britain had touched off the rioting. (AP Wirephoto by Radio From Rome to The Republican-Herald)
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