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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - July 17, 1952, Winona, Minnesota Warm, Humid; Local Showers Tonight, Friday All-Star Game 8 Tonight KWNO-FM AM VOLUME 52, NO. J28 SIX CENTS PER COPY WINONA, MINNESOTA, THURSDAY EVENING, JULY 17, 1952 TWENTY PAGES ruman Fears 'Fair Deal1 Betrayal SPEEDIEST PLANE Skyrocket Goes MPH By BILL BECKER LOS ANGELES UP) The hottest plane in the free world, the D558-2 Skyrocket, holds a new speed rec- ord of miles an hour, says the Navy. And the hottest test pilot, lanky Bill Bridgeman, says zooming at that speed is "no different than flying 750 miles per hour." The real kick comes, Bridgeman said in an exclusive interview last night, when the rocket-propelled hummingbird runs out of power at a record altitude of feet and swoops down 15 miles for a dead- stick landing on the desert. Both the speed and altitude marks were confirmed here by Russell Won't Surrender on Civil Rights By EDWIN B. HAAKINSON CHICAGO US Sen. Richard B. Russell ran up a no-surrender flag today on a key civil rights issue after retreating from his five-year- old position on the Jaft-Hartley Act. "I will never be for any jail- sentence, compulsory the Georgia senator told this reporter as he laid plans for the stretch drive in his bid for the Democratic presidential nomination. Sussell set off something of a political bombshell late yesterday by declaring: "The Taft-Hartley Act must be supplanted by new legislation in the field of labor relations." That sounded a lot like President Truman and other stalwarts of the New Deal and "Fair Deal" bitterly fought the labor-manage- ment act produced by the Repub- lican 80th Congress. Russell voted for the T-H Act along with most other Southern Democrats when it went through the Senate. Then he voted to over- ride Truman's veto to write it into law. Did his shift in this field signal a new stand on the touchy issue of whether Congress should under- take to ban discrimination in the iilring and firing of Negroes by setting up a fair employment prac- tices commission Russell quickly-pointed to a sen- Secretary of the Navy Dan A. Kim- ball. Bridgeman flew the Douglas- built rocket ship to unprecedented heights last Aug. 7 and set the speed record Aug. 15 in tests at Edwards Air Force Base, Calif. The Navy previously had admit- ted only that the research plane had "climbed at miles an hour." In all, Bridgeman made six rock- et flights last summer. The Sky- rocket was launched each time at feet from a B29 mother ship. Each time, the 35-year-old Doug- las test pilot said, the needle- aosed 40-foot ship rammed smooth- ly through the sonic is reached at about 660 miles an lour at feet and above. In iressurized suit and cockpit, Sridgeman says he was "not es- pecially conscious of speed." "You notice the high speed only when you make a the ex-Navy bomber pilot said. "Then she really jumps and gets hard to control. Generally, though, there's too much blue sky and so many things to do that the speed isn't noticeable." The record speed was made in level flight after the Skyrocket had reached the apex of her climb. It was measured by instruments in the plane and radar ground read- ings carefully checked by the Navy Bureau of Aeronautics. The moment that sends "your guts into your Bridgeman declares, comes when the last of the four rockets used by the plane loses its thrust. "Then you have to bend 'er over fast, level off and start gliding for home." "Home is Muroc Dry Lake, a shiny eight-mile expanse of "real friendly desert 'that you can't miss." It isn't exactly a slow glide, either. Bridgeraan lands without power at 160 miles per hour. (The average, jet plane lands at 110 The entire the moment of release from the bottom of the B29 to the landing, takes only 11 to 16 minutes, "The sonic barrier isn't a pro- blem any the ace tester said. "Theoretically, man might some day fly miles an hour if he can lick the aerodynamic jarrier. Heat is the problem now, and the question is can we go use an impossibly bulky cooling system." Bridgeman said he did not have special refrigeration equipment on his record flights. "The plane is soaked in cold at 65 degrees below zero while the B29 cruises at he ex- plained. "So far that has been all the conditioning I've needed." The official records Bridgeman cracked: Speed 670.981 miles an hour, set in 1948, by a North American FSB. .Altitude feet, in 1935 by U. S. Army Capts, Orvil Ander- son and Albert Stevens in a bal- loon over Rapid City, S. D. higher and faster without having to Murray Awaits Break In 45-Day Steel Strike By JOHN MOODY PITTSBURGH Wl Philip Mur- ray, president of the striking CIO United Steelworkers, waited today for the White House or industry to take some step toward breaking the paralyzing 46-day-old dispute. There has been no visible ef- fort on either side to reach a set- 2 St. Cloud Prison Guards Suspended tlement in the economy-strangling strike since Monday, when nego- tiations arranged by Presidential Assistant John R. ended in deadlock. A maze of rumors sprang up around the country about possible secret settlement of the strike that has idled more than 1% million workers, but Murray brushed them all aside with: are without or "That simply isn't so." Iron Age magazine, a trade jour- nal, said Murray's rejection of the industry's compromise offer at the last peace talks did not meet with approval of his union lieutenants. But union officials said Iron Age's report is without foundation. The issue of a'union shop, which would require all workers to join tence in Hartley. his statement on Taft- reoy at been sus- pended and two others have re- signed as a result of a new investi- gation started six months ago at St. Cloud Reformatory, it was or solne modified form of it appeared to be the big stum- Negro Leaders Ask Civil Rights Plank Pledges BY NORMAN WALKER CHICAGO Wl Union labor and Negro leaders called today on Democratic platform drafters for assurances that civil rights pledges will be carried out, once they are written. Advocates of a civil rights plank "at least as strong" as that in the 1948 Democratic platform com- plained to newsmen that the party had not made good on its prom- ises of four years ago. James B. Carey, secretary-treas- urer of the CIO, said, "We're not going to be satisfied with a prom- ise like we got from the 1948 con- vention we want performance." A renewal of the red-hot scrap between Northern and Southern Democrats on ,the civil rights is- sue is shaping up. But it is too early to tell whether feeling will mount as high as it did at the Philadelphia convention in 1948 when many Southern dele- gates walked out of the conven- tion, later forming the States Rights party. Dixiecrats Balk The Dixie contingent this year Four Persons Were Killed in the foggy morn- ing today in Los Angeles when a light plane nipped the house from which this picture was' taken, plowed into the house at right and then skidded down the street, halfway down the block. Plane is in the gutter The dead were occu- pants of the plane. Story on Page 10. (AP Wire- photo to The Republican-Herald) is hopeful of achieving a compro- mise something short of the bling block in the path of a set-1 tlement. federal fair employment practices I commission (FEPC) with enforce By ROBERT B. TUCKMAN MUNSAN, Korea WV-Tbe Communists today said Back Bay Man Admits Killing New York Girl BOSTON Capt. Fran- cis Wilson said a 29-year-old Back Bay man confessed orally last night to the shooting of pretty Eileen Fahey of New York on the Columbia University campus early Monday morning. Miss Fahey, a bookkeeper for the American Physical Society, was shot to death while sitting at her office desk reading a letter numerous Korean captives, from her Marine boyfriend in Missing Korea. i The Allied communication de- Wilson said Bayard Peaks, a i manded an accounting of mis- Boston meat-packing plant em-1sjng U.N. soldiers believed in Com- Dean Moved North To New Prison Camp they have moved their prize captive, U.S. Maj. Gen. William F. Dean, from a prisoner of war camp at .the bomb-shattered capital of Pyong- yang to another camp in North Korea but did not give his new location. The disclosure came in an exchange of letters by liaison officers of the United Nations 'Command and Communist truce teams at Panmunjom. The Red letter told of a large- scale prisoner transfer involving Dean, former commander of the U. S. 24th Infantry Division, and ploye, told him he went to New York "to kill someone" in the so- ciety because the group had re- used to accept a scientific paper tally unsatisfactory" results. .1 revealed by state officials today. I am eternally opposed to pum- m____ tive legislation read. of any it And, he added in the interview, any FEPC bill with enforcement powers would be punitive legisla- tion. In his T-H statement Russell saic that if he were nominated and elected he would call in "the best minds of the country" among labor and managment leaders to frame a replacement. WEATHER FEDERAL FORECAST Winona and vicinity: Consider- able cloudiness, warm and humid tonight and Friday with local showers. Low tonight 74, high Fri- day 86. LOCAL WEATHER Official observations for the 24 hours ending at 12 m. today: Maximum, 93; minimum, 64; noon, 81; precipitation, .02; sun sets tonight at sun rises to- morrow at AIRPORT WEATHER (CAA Observations) Max, temp. 86 at p.m. Wed- nesday, min. 70 at a.m. Thurs- day. Noon at and feet. Visibility 15 miles, humidity 80, barometer. 30.02, wind calm. Additional weather on Page 9. Meanwhile, Attorney General Burcquist is continuing the investi- gation to determine whether there is evidence.to justify criminal ac- tion. The disciplinary action has been taken within the last month, ac- cording to Jarle Lierfallom, state director of public institutions. Leir- fallom met yesterday with Carl Jackson, warden of St. Cloud Re- formatory, and today conferred with Gov. C. Elmer Anderson and the attorney general in the gov- after the ment powers recommended in th '48 platform. Murray wants compulsory mem-j Besjdes FEPC> tte Norther ernor's office. Leirfallom admitted conference that the disciplinary action involving the guards was "because of infractions of the re- formatory rules." Twister Strikes Little Falls LITTLE FALLS, Minn. A storm, believed to have been a small twister, struck the south edge of Little Falls last night, in- juring a hospital patient, and in- ;errupting a performance at an outdoor movie theater. Flying glass from shattered windows inflicted numerous face cuts on Mrs. Charles Farrow, tit- le Falls, a patient in St. Gabriel's Hospital. More than 20 stitches were taken to close the wounds. bership, but the industry is hold ing out for union membership on a voluntary basis only. Murray said he has contacted no one in government or- indus- try in the past 24 hours, adding: "The situation remains as it has been. I know of no plans for any further negotiating sessions." Murray has called the, steelwork, ers' 170-man Wage Policy Commit- tee to meet in Pittsburgh Monday. That committee makes all major union decisions. Murray said he will report on the strike and ask the group to map a course of future action. Meanwhile, the longest strike in steel history drifts along in i seventh week. In addition to th idle Steelworkers there are nearly million workers on furlough from industries that depend on steel fo raw material. The best available estimates b observers are that steelworker have lost something like 37 mi lion dollars a day in wages sine the strike started June 2. Worker in allied industries have lost a: estimated 35 million dollars a da; in wages. Steel tonnage lost through th' strike is valued at Ike Starts Week's Vacation in Rockies By MARVIN L. ARROWSMITH DENVER uei Gen. Dwight D. Eisenhower packed some knock- about clothes and his fishing gear for a week's vacation starting to- day at a Rocky Mountain ranch. The Republican presidential nom- inee originally had planned to set out yesterday for the secluded spot about 70 miles west of here near Fraser, Colo. He delayed his departure 24 hours so he and Mrs. Eisenhower could be on hand for a 30-minute stop-over of a plane carrying their son, Maj. John D. Eisenhower, to Seattle. The major will leave there later this week for duty in Korea. The general's only companion during a week of trout fishing at Fraser will be his long-time friend Aksell Nielsen, Denver insurance man, who owns the ranch. Mrs. Eisenhower will remain at the home of her mother, Mrs. John S. Doud, in Denver. A five-car caravan of newsmen will accompany the general to Nielsen ranch and remain until evening. They won't stay on there because of lack of accommoda- tions. Eisenhower headquarters a n- nounced, meanwhile, that Sen. James H. Duff of Pennsylvania, a key figure in the campaign which won the Republican nomination "or Eisenhower, will confer with the general in Colorado next week. Humphrey Runs Out of Money On Vacation MUSKEGON, Mich. has happened to many a more obscure vacationer happened here Wednesday to Minnesota's Democratic Senator Hubert H. Humphrey. His money ran out. The senator, his wife, and four children were en route from a vacation trip to Ni- agara Falls, N. Y. They planned to take the carferry across Lake phrey headed for the Demo- cratic convention in Chicago where he is a favorite son presidential candidate, his fam- ily going to their Minnesota home. Sen. Humphrey went first to CIO union headquarters where he was put in touch with City Commissioner Walter S. Sowles, international represen- tative here for the CIO United Auto Workers. Sowles came to the rescue by arranging for the senator to cash a check. group wants party pledges for fed eral laws outlawing lynching, ban ning state poll taxes and racia segregation. Walter White, bead of the Na tional Association, for the Advance ment of Colored People; Roy L Reuther, political action co-ordina tor for the CIO United Auto Work ers, and Stanley Gewirtz, execu tive committee chairman of tb Americans for Democratic Action carried the ball for the civil rights proponents before the 21-member Democratic platform draft ing group today. Reuther's prepared statemen stressed the demand that the par ty platform contain a pledge to change U. S. Senate rules so that filibusters against civil rights or other legislation could be shut ofi by a simple majority vote. Two thirds of the Senate membership now must approve such a debate limitation. Political Flypaper Unless the rules change is made, Reuther said, "all the fine words about the good, the true and the beautiful in the fields of human and civil rights will be just so much pious political flypaper to attract votes." Gewirtz told the platform draft- ers that civil rights advocates were tired of "too much lip service and not enough fulfillment." Leaders of the two national Farm organizations asked the plat- Form writers yesterday to disown the price support policies of Presi- dent Truman and Secretary of Agriculture Brannan. Allan B. Kline, president of the American Farm Bureau Federa- ;ion, and Herschel Newsom, mas- ;er of the Natibnal Grange, said the Truman administration banks po much on artificial and restric- ive measures in seeking to make agriculture prosperous. Russians Remove Invoy in Britain LONDON Russia bowed to Britain's demand today and agreed 0 withdraw Soviet Embassy Dip- omat Pavel Kuznetsov from Loti- on after he was named in a Brit- ih spy trial. Kuznetsov was ordered last Sun- ay to get out of the country with- 1 a week for his action in re- eiving official secrets from Wil- am Marshall, young British for- ign office radio operator. wrote on a theory of life. The paper was entitled "Applied Electronics to Medicine With the Aim to Prolong Life." Peaks is a former Northwestern University student. Wilson said Peaks told him he fired three shots at Miss Fahey munist stockades. The U.N. Com- mand said it has been making the request since December with "to- The Allies at the same time an- swered a similar request from the Communists for an accounting of Allied-held prisoners with in- formation on all but four the captives. Dean is a Medal of Honor winner from Berkeley, Calif. He was cap- when she confronted him as he en- tured in August, 1950. .22 automatic pistol, more shots at Miss tered the society's office at Colum bia University. He told police Miss Fahey said to him, "You're just standing as she crumpled to the floor. Peaks told Wilson he then re- loaded the fired three Fahey and fled. Miss Fahey's alleged killer told several persons in the university building to call police because "I just killed a girl" as he fled. Peaks, an Air Force veteran, waived extradition and will be ;urned over to New York authori- ies and taken back to that city early today, Wilson said. Peaks was traced by a descrip- Jon given to police by a university jrofessor and an elderly woman confronted by the girl's slayer. Two Boston detectives, accom- janied by two detectives from New York, arrested Peaks at his Back Bay rooming house. Marine Pfc. Ronald Leo, 20. o ew York City, the slain girl's joyfriend, has been granted a 30 lay leave and is flying back to the Jnited States to attend Miss Fa ley's funeral Saturday. In New York, Chief of Detectives George A. Loures said Peaks wil '6 questioned at the office of Dis- trict Attorney Frank S. Hogan be- ore "any action on his possible rrest is taken." The Reds announced his transfer in notifying the U.N. that they had abolished three prisoner of war and set up six new ones. Four of the new ones are at or near Pyongyang, target of a destructive Allied air raid last week. Th? disclosure came during the day of a Communist-called recess in secret arnystice negotia- tions at Panmunjom over the dead- locked issue of prisoner exchange. Grand Jury Called on RFC Loan By DREW PEARSON With forty-eight hours to go be- fore tlie statute of limitations runs out on the criminal case involving the RFC loan to the Stutts Lumber Company of Thomasville, Ala the Justice Department bus called a special grand jury in the District of Columbia. This has opened up a new line of I criminal investigation. Involved in back or faltering on the great _ course our party has pioneered. Kefauver Goes Info Conclave With 248 Votes Rusself Second In Line With 121 Pledged By JACK BELL CHICAGO UP) President Tru- man's fighting declaration against any convention "betrayal" of his political creed paced a new trend among Democratic presidential as- pirants today. Without any apparent adyance knowledge of Truman's blunt de- mand for endorsement of his ''Fair Deal" program, at least two can- didates moved to put themselves in a they get the nomi- lead a fight against what hey called "Republican reaction." Sen. Richard B. Russell of Geor- gia, plagued by his designation as he anti-Truman candidate of the South, made a bid for Northern abor and "Fair Deal" support_ with a denunciation of the Taft- Hartley Law, which he helped en- ct. Sen. Estes Kefauver of Tennes- ee, self-tabbed peoples' choice for the nomination, called for a fight n what he labeled "Republican solationism and reaction." Pattern of Thinking Their declarations seemed to in- ieate a developing pattern of thinking among the presidential opefuls that the Republicans' choice of Gen. Dwight D. Eisen- ower will force the Democrats to ick a nominee who can call him- elf a. progressive. In words that paralleled Tru- man's official message to the con- eniion delegates, Kefauver told a ews conference yesterday: "The Democratic party must pntinue to be the liberal, ive party of the nation. We cannot etreat on either foreign policy or the domestic field." Kefauver leads in the Associated ress delegate tabulation with 248 votes to 121 for Russell, based n pledges of support and known Irst ballot preferences. Mutual ecurity Director Averell Harri- ian, an all-out supporter of Tru- an policies, is running third with 108 votes. It takes 616 to win. Truman said in bis message, to be printed in the official convention program handed to everyone of the delegates, that no other poli- tical party has "done so much, so well, for so many people." He declared: No Turning Back "There must be no turning the entire investigation are Con iressman Frank Boykin of Mobile, fho, with his cousin, Frank Prince, then an RFC official, to get a loan for the Stutts Lumber Co. Boykia, incidentally, sells his timber to the same com- pany. The Stutts Company, meanwhile, had an overdraft of at the Thomasvjlle Bank. The five-man truce delegations are I It now develops that the RFC Bayard scheduled to reconvene at 11 a.m. tomorrow (9 p.m. Thursday, North Korean Gen, Nam II wrote that among three camps abolished was No. 6, eight miles north o Pyongyang. There, the Reds an nounced earlier, they held Dean and a prisoner they identified a Pfc. Eon Mitchell, a former mem ber of the 2nd Infantry Division He was presumed to be an orderly for Dean. 2 Camps Eliminated The other two camps eliminated presumably held Koreans. Thej were No. 9 at Pyongyang, which the Reds said and the Allies deniec was bombed in last week's airraid and No. 10, 25 miles east of Sinuiju in Northwest Korea, across the Yalu River from Red Manchuria. In addition to the four new camps in the Pyongyang area, the Com- munists said they set up a camp at Ipsok, five miles southeast of Sinanju, and one at Pusang, 30 miles east of Sinuiju. Nam gave no reason for the move nor did he state the number of prisoners or their nationalities in the new camps. The Reds also turned over maps on which the locations of the new camps were marked. Kerr to Meet State Delegates MINNEAPOLIS Sen. Robert Kerr of Oklahoma, a candidate for he Democratic nomination for 'resident, will meet Minnesota delegates at a dinner here tonight. After the dinner he wilT hold a 'Ublic reception at the Nicollet Hotel. The senator will arrive here late his afternoon on bis way to the Chicago convention from Duluth, where he spoke at a luncheon. directors who okayed the Stutts loan for Boykin knew that the mon- ey was to pay this overdraft. How- ever, they failed to notify the Fed- eral Deposit Insurance Corpora- tion, which is entrusted with guar- anteeing the deposits of all mem- ber banks. The question has aris- en as to why the RFC directors, all of them now resigned, granted the loan to the lumber company when they knew it was to go to a bank; and. second, why they did not notify the FDIC when they learned that the bank might be insolvent. J There must be no betrayal of the New Deal and Fair Deal." Matching the call of Gen. Dwight D. Eisenhower, the GOP presiden- tial nominee, for a "shining prom- ise" crusade by the Republicans, Truman sounded the bugle notes of a "burning faith" crusade by the Democrats. "There will be voices calling us to turn aside from the path to the President said. "We cannot afford to be beguiled by the weary or the fainthearted. "Our answer must be that we will not compromise with the forces of defeatism, or reaction, of fear that we will not retreat. from the great humanitarian prin- ciples that have made our country what it is today." Vice President Alben W. Bark- !ey, whose 74 years may not stop Mm from becoming a formidable candidate for the presidential nom- ination, echoed the President's de- mand that the party stand on its record in office. Truman Has Virus Infection Controlled By ERNEST B. VACCARO U) President Truman patiently submitted today o the medical tests his doctor or- dered while Mrs. Truman hurried o his hospital bedside from Mis- Secretary Joseph ;oun. Presidential Short said Truman was improving teadily, and a slight temperature ic ran yesterday afternoon 'had anticipated. The President vas free of fever when he entered he hospital earlier in the day. Short said the President had yir- ually licked the virus infection vhich forced him to cancel all eu- agements this week, including his sual Thursday news conference. He said Truman went to the big irmy medical center, Walter Reed fospitai, merely for a general heckup. Mrs: Truman decided to come ome to have a look for herself nd to keep the President corn- any. Mrs. Fred Wallace, a sister-in- law, said in Independence, Mo., "The family is not alarmed over his (Truman's) and that Mrs. Truman was returning "because the family thought Harry might be lonesome." It wa> the 68-year-old President's first nospitslization since he eu- tered the White House April 12, 1945. Short said that although Truman had almost completely recovered from the infection which first developed Sunday, his doctor, Maj. Gen. Wallace H, Graham, ordered him to the hospital, which has fa- cilities for a complete checkup "with all the works." Between medical tests and periods of rest yesterday, the Pres- ident was up much of the after- noon working on legislation passed by Congress just before it ad- journed. The White House listed 37 bills lie signed during the day.
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