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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - July 14, 1952, Winona, Minnesota Cloudy, Cooler Tonight-; Tuesday Fair, Warmer SEND YOUR LETTERS BY AIRMAIL VOLUME 52, NO. 125 SIX CENTS PER COPY WINONA, MINNESOTA, MONDAY EVENING, JULY 14, 1952 EIGHTEEN PAGES TODAY Looking Back at Convention Democratic Meet Wide Open By JOSEPH and STEWART ALSOP CHICAGO "It might have been" is always the theme of con- vention post mortems. But in the case of the Republican convention that nominated Gen. Dwight D. Eisenhower for the the "might have beens" were unusual- ly significant. For example, Sen. Robert A. Taft might have been the vice presidential nominee on the ticket with Gen. Eisenhower. The curious fact is that Sen. Taft wanted the second place on the ticket, or at least some of his lead- ing supporters wanted it for him. After the ballot that named Gen. Eisenhower, the floorworkers of Taft Manager David Sinton Ingalls quickly passed the word among the after deleat our an --J UN. Raids Pushed Deep Into N.Korea SEOUL, Korea Nations warplanes carried the fight- ing deep into North Korea today, hitting Communist supply areas and damaging one Bed jet fighter that venteured south of the Man- churian border. Elements of a flight of 16 U.S. Sabre jets clashed twice with a four-plane flight of Communist MIG15S. Lt Robert F. Ronca, Norristown, Pa., damaged one Red rxvtiibujwu, jra.. uiunageu uuc rt-eu fighter, the U.S. Fifth Air Force said. AUied fighter-bombers strafed and bombed into rubble 27 supply shelters and 10 bunkers behind the front. Nineteen bunkers and 17 gun positions along the front were hit. Sporadic ground fighting cen- tered on the rugged Eastern Front, where Allied troops seized a stra- delegations to encourage any sentiment for Taft for the second and held it in the face of an hour and a half counterattack by North the flay; a few thousand yards East Coast, fell after three Says of infantry assault, time. ABOARD S.S. UNITED STATES AT SEA Iffi The new first lady of American shipping, the liner United States, poured on the steam today and raced for a new star in her speed crown. On the homeward stretch of her maiden round-trip Atlantic cross- ing, the American pride ooked certain to break the Queen Mary's 14-year record for the Place. Koreans. Later, when the Eisenhower high commanders assembled to choose the vice presidential nominee, the messages that the Ohi senator would be available. Decision Near There was obvious purpose in this seemingly extraordinary sug gestion of removing Sen. Taft from the activity of the Senate floor to the customary impotence of th Senate rostrum. The nomination of the Ohio sen ator would have evoked a grea convention demonstration, reas serting Taft's great popularity in the party. It would have constitut ed both acknowledgement anc proof of the continuing power o: the Repubb'can Old Guard faction It would have allowed the senator. as vice presidential nominee, to hold the whole election campaign on the so-called "fighting" pattern that he favors. The Taft people calculated in fact, that Taft in the second place might almost over- shadow Eisenhower in the first. Among the Eisenhower leaders, a considerable minority favored the choice of Taft as being likely to reunite the badly divided Re- publican party. But Sen. Henry Cabot Lodge and others, for the reasons above given, interposed a powerful and absolute veto. Gen. Eisenhower had deputed to them the right of final decision. And so Sen. Nixon got the nod. Again, Gen. Douglas MacArthur came much closer to figuring as an important candidate than most people suppose. As first reported in this space, Gov. John Fine of Pennsylvania had made his vital decision to throw his Pennsylvania votes to Gen. Eisenhower even be- fore the convention opened. Yet, Fine is a devoted MacArthur ad- sons might be burned to death. naval bombardment and air strikes. Elsewhere along the front, the Eighth Army reported only routine patrol skirmishes, U.S. carrier-based planes again bombed generating facilities Sun- day at the Kyosen hydro-electric plant in East-Central North Korea, one of four big power complexes attacked heavily by U.N.' war- planes last month. A Navy announcement said the Kyosen facilities were being re- paired when Skyraiders and Cor- Keel Laid for Mighty Carrier, The Forrestal Craft Will Mother Atomic Planes sairs attacked them the second Home-Bound Liner U. S. Races for Speed Crown 4 or More Dead n Hotel Fire At Fairbanks FAIRBANKS, Alaska UP) Four r more persons were believed ead and several were reported lissing in an early morning hotel ire that may reach the proportions f a major disaster. Complete con- usion made it impossible to get ny accurate check on the dead nd missing. Guests who escaped from the lird floor estimated up to 50 per- Europe-to-America crossing early tonight. The big new U, S. liner on her trip to Europe had cracked the Queen's west-to-east mark. Leav- ing New York on July 4, the United States made the crossing in three days, 10 hours and 40 minutes, averaging 35.59 knots. The American ship was not ex- pected to better this time on the return voyage. For one thing, fog slowed her yesterday to a speed of 33.95 knots. But she appeared cer- ;ain to reach Ambrose Light, off New York, late this afternoon well ahead of the Queen Mary's, 1938 east-to-west record of three By ELTON C. FAY AP Military Reporter NEWPORT NEWS, Va. Navy today laid the keel of a giant aircraft carrier whose range and planes can bring within reach the "innermost lairs" of any ag- gressor nation. Deputy Secretary of Defense William C. Foster described this as one of the capabilities of the carrier Forrestal, to be the biggest warship of the world's navies when completed. Behind his words in an address at the keel-laying ceremony was the fact -the ultra-modern, flush- deck carrier is designed to launch and recover atom-bomb carrying planes and heavy, swift jet fighters' j to provide for its own protection against enemy attack. The ship, first of two of the class which Congress so far has author- ized the Navy to build, will cost an estimated 218 million dollars, excluding cost of the 100 or more planes of the carrier. At normal construction rate, the Forrestal will be ready to join the fleet in late 1954. In an emergency, building can be speeded up. The Forrestal is being construct- ed by the Newport News Ship- building and Dry Dock Company, builder of the passenger liner United States, which set a trans- atlantic speed record on her maid- en trip to Europe. Of the Forrestal, Foster said: "The USS Forrestal when com- Flames And Heavy Smoke shoot skyward from the oil tanker V. H. Kelly at the Union Oil Co. docks at Oleura, Calif., shortly after two ex- plosions were heard. Flames spread to another ship, the and threatened the entire dock area. Capt. Eugene Fulton, skipper of the mirer, and there might still have been bad trouble in the Pennsyl- vania delegation. Bad Trouble There was bad trouble, of a sort, as a sequel to MacArthur's keynote speech. The same day, Sen. Taft's weakness had already been reveal- ed by the vote on the Langlie rule neutralizing the contested Southern delegations. Certain Taft leaders, including Pennsylvania's G. Mason Owlett and Joseph Pew, began to look with favor on a switch to MacArthur. To prepare the way, however, it was necessary to weak- en the Eisenhower drive and thii had to be accomplished in the on coming .vote as to which of thi Georgia and other contested dele gations should be seated. Gen, MacArthur, who was es corted to the airport by Gov. Fine seems to have used all his influ ence to secure Fine's help. There was a moment when Fine at leas wavered. Then, Gov. Fine had giv en his promise to Herbert Brown ell to support Gen. Eisenhower on the Georgia issue and the firsi ballot. Yet the MacArthur danger continued in a different form. Now the hope was for an inde- cisive first ballot, which would not nominate Gen. Eisenhower, bui would persuade Sen. Taft that he had better withdraw. After such a ballot, it was further hoped Sen. Taft could be induced to escorl Gen. MacArthur into the conven- tion. In circumstances of utmost drama, Taft was to transfer his support to the general. If this had happened, a great many Pennsyl- vania votes would have broken from Eisenhower to MacArthur on the next ballot, whether or not with Gov. Fine's consent. It was close enough to happening, at least, for the convention amphitheater man- agement to be warned to prepare a guarded gate for the Taft-Mae- Arthur grand entry. Feared Development Fear of this 'development largely influenced Sen. Lodge and the oth- er Eisenhower leaders to avoid a first ballot on the night of the nom- inating speeches. That night, the Minnesota switch was not certain, and there were other doubts about Eisenhower's immediate success. If an indecisive first ballot had been taken, the MacArthur enthu- siasts would have had time to work on Sen. Taft, who always resisted the proposal that he give his strength to the general. So the bal- loting was put off until the next day, when the Eisenhower gains made victory a certainty. Nine persons were in a hospital. Two of them were in critical con- dition. The fire was in the crowded Pioneer Hotel, where there were approximately 250 occupants. Within minutes after the fire started shortly after midnight, the old, wooden, block-long structure was a blazing inferno. Night Clerk David Littlefield, who raced through the building warning sleeping guests, said he believed the estimate of 50 dead was far too high. "I saw one body on the second floor just before I left the build- he said. "I am certain that at least four people died, but I can't say how many more." Scores of guests jumped from windows, and others leaped to a building next door. Firemen on the way to the blaze found the street swarming with fleeing guests, some of them almost naked. All hotels here are crowded to capacity because of the big boom in military projects. The Pioneer was the city's second largest hotel. days, 21 hours and 45 minutes. Already, on her trip home, the Jnited States had racked up still another record the longest day's run ever made by a commercial ship. -In the 25-hour period ended aturday she covered 902 nautical miles, an average speed of 36.08 knots. New York readied the "most colorful and elaborate" welcome in the port's history for the new American sea queen, her skipper Commodore Harry Manning and his proud crew. Manning already had annonnced that he would an- chor in the harbor tonight and bring his excited passengers into dock at 9 a.m. tomorrow. The city's 600-mile waterfront was to be draped in holiday attire. Fire boats were slicked up and prepared for the traditional water salutes. On Friday a traditional Broad- way ticker tape parade will hcnor Manning, his officers and his crew. Condition of Eva Peron Critical BUENOS AIRES, Argentina The condition of Eva Peron, wife of Argentina's President, remained unchanged during the last 24 hours, a bulletin from the undersecretary of information said today. A sim- ilar report was issued Friday. The official report Thursday said her condition was "unsatisfac- tory." A South American source in Rome Sunday said an Argentine naval air power of the United States to any part of the world to promote security and peace for ourselves and our allies. Let those misguided .leaders of enslaved peo- ples who may contemplate aggres- sion weigh well the fact that not even in their innermost lairs can they escape the devastating force of this mighty weapon. "It is our fervent hope that this carrier will prove an added deter- rent to the outbreak of another world war. She will carry to the far ends of the earth our cham- pionship of New, long-range bombers are known to be planned or in actual construction for use on the For- restal. The Forrestal will grow into a carrier of these dimensions and appearance: A flight deck feet long, 252 feet wide. An "island" structure which can be retracted to provide an unobstructed flight deck. A' speed probably above the 33 knots rated speed for the present largest aircraft carrier, the ton Midway. A bow completely enclosed up Jet Planes Will Go to Yugoslavia By ALEX SINGLETON BLED, Yugoslavia tfi Commu- nist Yugoslavia looked forward to- day to stepped-up American mili- tary aid including jet planes, tanks and heavy artillery. A rank- ing U. S. military team found Premier Marshal Tito's fighting forces in excellent shape. The decision to greatly strength- en the American aid progran to this anti-Soviet ally was announced last night at a formal dinner given by Tito at his summer palace here for the U. S. mission headed by Frank C, Nash, special assistant to Defense Secretary Robert Lo'vett. Four U. S. generals present gave a highly favorable report of their first-hand inspection of Yugoslav forces and their use of the limited aid already received. The- Ameri- can officers were Maj. Gen. George Almsted, director for military as- sistance; Maj. Gen, Clyde D. Ed- dleman, deputy chief of staff; Maj. Gen. George J. Richards, chief of the military assistance group in Paris, and Brig, Gen. John W. Har- mony, head of the military assis- CHICAGO UP) The Democrats are streaming into Chicago today to nominate a presidential candi- date in a convention they forecast will be rough, rugged and wide open. They open full sessions next Monday. Before then, they hope a large and perplexing question will be set- led what will Adlai Stevenson do, and what will the convention do about Stevenson? The long hadow of the governor of Illinois tangs heavily over the whole par- y right now. For months his name has been iandied about as the probable candidate. He is re- iorted to be or to have been 'resident Truman's personal hoice for that role. Stevenson repeated has insisted le doesn't want it, and that all he oes want is another term in the [overnor's office in Springfield. Won't Refuse Draft Yesterday, at Camp Ripley, Jinn., he told a Minnesota deie- ate to the Democratic National Convention: "No politician can say be would refuse a draft." In Washington. Sen. Richard Nixon, the Republican vice presi- dential nominee, told a reporter that Stevenson is the strongest possible Democratic candidate. But until the probability of a draft action by the convention has PITTSBURGH tossed the 43-day-old steel strike into P.een settied finally, he will con- tanker Kelly, died of a heart attack as the ship was wrecked by explosions. Two men were missing and 30 or more were injured. Dam- age was estimated at five million dollars. (AP Wirephoto) Steel Negotiations Run Into New Snag Party Setfor Rough, Rugged Convention Shadow of Stevenson Hangs Over Conclave Canned Goods Controls Off to the flight deck, to thrust aside tance program in Yugoslavia. the biggest waves. Television to give the crev "eyes" for steering and navigatin the ship when the bridge is re tracted during landing operations Extensive compartmentation o the hull to keep the ship afloa even though hit below waterlin by a number torpedoes. Invited to the ceremony todaj was John L. Sullivan, the forme secretary of the Navy who re signed his post after the adminis It was in and warp- j major operation last November, ed sheet hours after j but it has no't been announced that physician had -arrived in Italy_ to Cation had stopped the Navy consult a Viennese cancer special- first effort to build a SUpercamer ist about Mrs, Peron's case. There was no confirmation of the report. The President's wife underwent a the first alarm. she is suffering from cancer. in 1949. The new carrier is named for the late James Forrestal, former secretary of the Navy, and the country's first secretary of De- fense. East Berlin Communists wear red and gold sashes and carry red banners and huge portraits of Lenin and Stalin as they march in Marx-Engels square in East Berlin during demonstration on occasion of the East Berlin conference of East Germany's ruling Socialist Unity (Communist) party. .Slogans carried stressed the urgency of creating an East German army. (AP Wirephoto to The Republican-Herald) The generals reported that the Yugoslavs' greatest needs were planes and heavy armor. Their supply of small arms was reported as adequate, and the training, con- ditions and morale of troops was described as excellent. The Yugoslavs were told they the lap of the CIO United Steelworkers today. The latest negotiations hit a snag after industry reportedly proposed a watered-down version of the union shop compulsory union member- ship and other undisclosed sugges tions for ending the defense-crip pling strike. An industry statement said: "Those suggestions are still un- der consideration by the union There are no definite arrange- ments for further meetings." Top steel executives left this steel capital yesterday after an apparently fruitless meeting with Philip Murray, head of the steel, workers union. Murray had nothing to say about the industry statement. The last word from the silvery-thatched un- ion chieftain was that future nego- tiations are "contingent upon de- velopments." He did not elaborate. U. S. Steel Corp., bellwether of the industry, asked the goveri- ment for a steel-price increase Saturday. This immediately set off the weekend talks between Murray and the industry. This is the crux of the dispute: Murray wants a union shop. In- dustry is willing to go along on a tinue to be the great X-factor in the Democratic equation. Meanwhile, the avowed and an- nounced candidates are due here within the next few days. They are Sens. Estes'Kefauver of Tennessee, Richard B. Russell of Georgia, Robert Kerr of Oklahoma, Brian McMabon of Connecticut, Vice President Alben Barkley, and W. Averell Harriman of New York, director of the Mutual Secu- rity Administration. WASHINGTON Wl The govern-1 Kefauver's campaign manager, ment today lifted controls on near- ly all canned and frozen fruits and vegetables. Price Stabilizer Ellis Arnall predicted this will mean ligher prices for a number of terns. Arnall noted in a statement that the Office of Price Stabilization vas forced to take die decontrol action under an amendment Con- modified plan if the government j control." gress tacked on to the economic controls law. The amendment, introduced by Rep. Harrison specifically :xempted "fruits and vegetables in resh or processed form from price grants a price increase. It was learned the governmen has agreed to a price increase o at least a ton to compensat the industry for wage increases i may grant striking Steelworkers Steel now sells for about a ton. One other issue also must b would be furnished equipment that I considered wages The com would enable them to fight an of- fensive as well as defensive war if attacked. Previous aid in light equipment had been extended on the theory that Yugoslavia's role against a future aggressor would be limited chiefly to holding ac- tions and guerrilla warfare. The mission's findings showed a new high in U. S. confidence in the Tito regime and its readiness and ability to resist aggression. Particularly inportant was the decision to build up the Yugoslav Air Force with modern jet planes. Tito was informed, also, that he will be given American dollars to expand his own munitions industry. WEATHER FEDERAL FORECAST Winona and Vicinity Partly cloudy and cooler tonight. Tuesday "air with slowly rising tempera- :ure. Low tonight 60, high Tuesday 50. LOCAL WEATHER Official observations for the 24 hours ending at 12 m. Sunday: Maximum, 95; minimum, 68; icon, 80; precipitation, .30. Official observations for the 24 lours ending at 12 m. today: Maximum, 82; minimum, 63; noon, 65; precipitation, .21; sun ets tonight at sun rises to- morrow at AIRPORT WEATHER (CAA Observations) Max. temp. 81 at p.m. Sun- ay, min. 62 at a.m. Monday, voon eight miles rom northwest, clouds scat- ered, overcast, visibility even miles, humidity 99, baro- meter steady. Additional weather on Page 15, panies have offered the union a pay increase of 16 cents an hour retroactive to .April 1. But to this proposal the union says "No." It wants the retroactiv date back to March 15. Indications are the industry will go along bu orily if the union agrees to a modi fied union shop. Industry's offer also includes paid holidays, higher shift differ- entials and other fringe benefits, Pre-strike wages averaged an hour. Conservatively speaking .the crip- pling strike has dented the .nation's economy to the tune of nearly two billion dollars. More layoffs loom- particularly in the automotive in- dustry in which nearly are expected to be idle after today. 3 New Bishops Consecrated MILWAUKEE UPJ-Three newly elected Methodist bishops were consecrated in solemn ceremonies yesterday as the North Central Conference closed its 1952 meeting. The consecrated church leaders were Bishop D. Stanley Coors, Lansing, Mich.; Bishop Edwin E, Voight, Indianola, .la.; and Bishop Francis Gerald Ensley, Columbus, Ohio. Bishop Coors replaces retiring Bishop Ralph S. Cusman at St. Paul, headquarters of the Minne- sota area. Bishop Ensley was as- signed to the Iowa area, and Bishop Voight will administer the newly established North and South Dakota area, with headquarters at I Aberdeen, S. D. Gael Sullivan, took up the question of a draft yesterday and said he saw little possibility of one. "A draft would imply the bankruptcy of the he said. "We have a lot of fine candidates." Sullivan was one of the first of the principal Democratic figures to arrive in Chicago. The backers of Sen. Russell were a few hours earlier, and they were quick to seize the advantage. They set up headquarters, called a news conference Sunday after- noon, and had Sen. John Sparkman of Alabama as the spokesman. Russell Stronger Sparkman said, among other things: 1. Russell's chances of winning the candidacy are stronger now that the Republicans have picked Dwight D. Eisenhower. (There has long been a belief that Stevenson would not run.against Eisenhower, but might have accepted a draft if Sen. Robert A. Taft had been the nominee.) 2. Russell will not lose "a single electoral vote" from among the j Southern states if he is nominated. I 3, "However, we would be blind if we failed to recognize the ex- of The exemption actually became effective July 1 but OPS officials had been studying the field to de- termine how broad the exemption should be. An OPS official estimated the exemption applies to at least 90 per cent of all processed fruits and vegetables. m Sarawak to Have Own Broadcasting System to have a broadcasting system of its own, and the British Broadcast- ing Corp. has promised to send the South." 4, Russell's greatest handicap two its London staff to organize Sarawak's council has approved the expenditure of and the British government has made a substantial financial contribution towards the capital cost. It is pro- posed initially to start broadcast- ing on a single network on two transmitters of four and 7% kilo- watts. Broadcasts are .to be made in English, Malay, Chinese and local languages at the start. lies in the popular Sparkman insisted jthat he is a "sectional candidate." Sparkman said the senator's whole record belies any evidence of sec- tionalism in his thinking or action. All of which brought up the issue of a civil rights plank in the Democratic platform. Sparkman said the Republican plank was vague and formless, and predicted the Democrats would write one "far more "fair and Oscar And Rosie, Kodiak bears at the Washington .Park zoo in Milwaukee, sweat over the problem of getting at two delectable carp frozen in a cake of ice. Rosie finally pushed the "fishible" off a 12-foot ledge, smashing it, and lunch was served. While perspiring humans stood in the 90-degree heat and watched, the bears enjoyed their cooling delicacy. (AP Wirephoto to The Re- publican-Herald)
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