Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - July 8, 1952, Winona, Minnesota Fair Tonight And Wednesday, Warmer Wednesday VOLUME 52, NO. 720 Chiefs vs. Waseca Tonight on KWNO-FM Convention on AM SIX CENTS PER COPY WINONA, MINNESOTA, TUESDAY EVENING, JULY 8, 1952 EIGHTEEN PAGES TODAY MacArthur Emotional Stimulus By JOSEPH and STEWART ALSOP CHICAGO Next to the bitter- ness between the two contending factions the most striking feature of this Republican convention is the proof of the dangerous power of simple faith. You find this, es- pecially, among the many worthy people who are here to yell their heads off for Sen. Robert A. Taft Try the experiment of mentioning to these people Gen. Douglas Mac- Arthur and the Yalta agreement. The name of the convention keynoter is an emotional stimulus that produces paroxysms of adula- tion; the mention of Yalta stimu- lates a contrasting violence. The suggestion of any connection be- tween the two would probably cause apoplexy. But in fact there is a connection between Gen. MacArthur and what happened at Yalta. According to the Taft-approved version of history, the Chinese Na- tional government was "sold out" at Yalta for an empty Soviet prom- ise to enter the war against Ja- pan. President Roosevelt was persuaded to "sell out" Chiang Kai-shek, in turn, because his high- est military advisers had warned him that the conquest of the Japa- nese Islands would cost two years' time and casualties. The high price was paid to avoid a high Battle Rages Over 93 Seats Stassen Still in Race Dan Gainey Sees Compromise Deal By H. G. HYMES Republican-Herald Staff Writer CONVENTION HALL, Chicago Harold Stassen, Minnesota's "favorite is still definitely in the race and has an outside chance to be nominated at this conven- tion, according to Dan C. Gainey, floor manager for Stas- sen who, with his group of workers, has been contacting state delegations here. "Right Gainey said, "it looks very much like a deadlock between Taft and Eisenhower. About the fifth ballot there will be a break to a compromise candidate ,ui agreeable to both Taft and Eisenhower factions. Stassen Two Five-Star Generals Hold GOP Spotlight Ike's Chances For Nomination Held Improved By RELMAN MORIN CHCAGO tin The two five-star generals are the story in Chicago today. One of them, Dwight D. Eisen- cost. Conquest of Japan It has always.been something of a question just whsre this mili- tary opinion about the costliness of the final conquest of Japan actual- ly originated. Even at the time, it was an utterly wrong opinion, as the event proved. Even at the time, in the Air Force especially, a minority con- tended it would be better to pay the Soviets to stay out of the Japa- nese war instead of paying them to come in. The first suggestion that Gen, MacArthur might have had a good deal to do with forming this incor- rect military opinion was given in the published "Diaries" of the late James V. Forrestal. In Forrestal's indisputably unbiased and authen- tic record, there is a long inter- view with Gen. MacArthur dated a little after the Yalta meeting. In this interview, the general is recorded as having most forcefully demanded the invasion of Manchur- ia by a Soviet Army of not less than 60 divisions. This force, he Reds Kidnap West German Top Official BERLIN Walter Linse, a top official of the West Berlin Free Jurists, was kidnaped this morning and driven off to the Soviet zone amid a flurry of gun- shots. The head of the economics de- partment of the free jurists, Dr. Linse, was attacked by three men shortly after he left his home in the American sector. He was dragged into a car which drove at high speed into the Soviet zone. Several people who noticed the kidnaping and pursued the car were shot at. Nail-Throwers The kidnapers threw hundreds of nails out of their car. One of the pursuing cars had to give up the chase when a tire was punctured. When the car containing the kid- naped official reached the border the Communist Peoples Police raised the barrier and let the car pass. The car had a West Berlin license plate. n't. .1 i first, thrill-packed vote on the is the logical man. full 'convention fioor. It may have However, as you move about his been more important psycyhoiogi. big city as we did all day than materially. Neverthe- day and Monday, it was quite thp h' Eisenhower is the [less, the consensus here today is parent that sweetheart town is full of Ike boosters and nation for the presjdency. they are sincere, hard working! Ac boosters. They fill the street cheer-1 ing for Ike. A big balloon hangs the eiegant North shore _[ "A lot more people over there are wearing 'Ike' buttons on the out- side of their lapels now." Gen. Douglas MacArthur, delivering the key- Uon in Chicago last night, wears an earnest ex- pression as he stresses a point, left, pauses for a drink of water, center, and looks toward the roof at the end of his speech with the words, "So help us God." (AP Wirephoto to The Republican- Herald) pro- over Michigan Boulevard claiming "I like Ike." Crowds Sing for Ike Crowds stampede through the lobbies of the Conrad Hilton Ho- tel where Taft seems to reign su- preme, singing for Eisenhower. In fact there are parading delegations in the lobby of this convention headquarters hotel at all times. Warren E. Burger, St. Paul at- torney, had a well organized Stas- sen marching unit, mostly young persons, parading through the lob- bies of the loop hotels with a great array of Stassen banners. Underneath all this display of noise, music, and milling people is a MacArthur sentiment which some of the smart observers at the convention contend is growing. Among this group is Mrs. Eliza- beth E. Heffelfinger, Minnesota's national committeewoman. "You can scent this growing The other general, Douglas Mac- Arthur, delivered the keynote speech at the convention last night. At the mere mention of Mac- Arthur's name, the crowd nearly blew the roof off this big, bull- chcsted auditorium. And then, as he walked down the center aisle, an erect soldier in a plain blue business suit, the excitement mounted to near-pandemonium. Plenty of Cheers Whether any political inferences can be drawn from the ovatio and the cheers is next to impossi ble to determine. A spot-check of the Pennsylvania and Michigan delegations where lie is reported to have ferven admirers no uniform reaction. Beyond agreement tha it was a good speech, and gooc VWV MacArthur Raps Democrats As Blundering 'War Party7 tee meetings." There are no MacArthur buttons being worn by the milling mob. Mrs. Heffelfinger, however, is The West Berlin Free Jurists is I for Eisenhower and feels that the an organization of democratic law- Minnesota delegation which will yers which attempts to keep tabs on what is going on in Eastern MaeArthur she told us. I for the Republican Party, there "It is also showing up in commit- j seemed no other strong attitude. anese armies on the mainland of] Asia. Experience already indicated that if a Soviet army got its grip on Manchuria or any other terri- tory, it was not likely to let go. Yet MacArthur believed the measure was needful none the less. Possi- bly at that time 'MacArthur at- tached little importance to the fu- ture of Manchuria. Kept Out of Manchuria At any rate, Gen. Albert C. Wed- emcyer has also testifiod that even after the full, formal, final sur render of Japan, Gen. MacArthur refused to lend him a few of his surplus American divisions to as- sist in occupying Manchuria. Wed- erneyer needed American divisions in Manchuria to prevent the Chi- i Earlier today, the French an nounced that the Russians hac nabbed one of their officials, Jean Benoir, as he strolled along the Soviet zonal border and held him in captivity for 24 hours. Economic Crimes Linse, 48, is one of the leading anti-Communist lawyers of Wesl Berlin. He has been in charge of compiling records on economic crimes by the East Communist regime in defience of German law. The Free Jurists group is largely MacArthur may still be the X factor in this GOP equation. There were some interesting things about that speech. The American Broadcasting Com- pany reported it put an applause- vote solidly for Stassen on the first gauge on MacArthur to measure ballot, will go to Eisenhower on the length and intensity of the composed of lawyers who fled from the East. The group is one of the principal targets of Com- munist propaganda. The Reds al- lege that the creation of a "shoot to kill" security belt around West Berlin is necessary to protect the (Continued on Page 13, Column J.) j East zone from agents and pro- ALSOPS i vocateurs. Convention Speakers e beaten, es Tells GOP CHICAGO Republican Leader Styles Bridges told the GOP convention today it must patch up party quarrels or "almost certainly go down to defeat in November." The veteran New Hampshire legislator appeared on the conven- tion's second-day morning program along with other party the second or third ballot. Working for Stassen Merle Olson, Cannon Falls, who with Dan Gainey, is a First District delegate to this conven- tion, is one of Stassen's plug horses here. He spent Sunday making the j cheers. It reported these three 'peaks: 1. A sound-score of is very for 32 seconds when he said: "It is fatal to enter any war without the will to win it." rounds of other state delegations 2. A'score of 98, lasting 27 sec- Sen. James Kem of Missouri, Rep, Marguerite Church of Illinois and Chicago Councilman Archibald Carey Jr. In a prepared address, Bridges delivered a scathing attack on the Democratic party. He called for a united front of Republicans, now unsettled by the close race between Gen. Dwight Eisenhower and Ohio Sen. Robert A. Taft for presidential nomination. Bridges said: "Let us heed this less the Republican party stands jn a solid phalanx behind the choice of this convention for the presidency of the United States, we will almost certainly go down to defeat in November." A Republican defeat in the presidential elec- tion then, Bridges said, would spell "the end of the two-party system as we know it." But he said he does not expect the GOP to lose in the fall. Recalling the "iron clad pledge" adopted by the Republicans' 18SO convention to support the nominee trying to get votes for Stassen on the second ballot. "One of the things that makes me believe that there is a power- ful under surface sentiment for Gainey declared, "are the number of delegates from across the nation that are coming in to confer with us." During the time we spent with Gainey Sunday afternoon groups from Texas, Oklahoma, and Mis- souri-dropped in to say hello. The Stassen headquarters cover two floors of the Blackstone Hotel. Har- old makes personal appearances in :he lobby about every hour. Stassen attended the North Shore Baptist church Sunday morning. One of the highlights of Sunday afternoon was an interview Taft gave the press in the press head- quarters of the Conrad Hilton Ho- el. Several hundred newsmen rowded around him, and shot questions at him on every subject pertaining to the convention. Dodges MacArthur Question One of the frequent questions was whether, if nominated, he was in ffcvor of MacArthur as a run- onds, in reaction to his statement: "Foreign policy has been as tragi- cally in error as has domestic policy." 3. And 95, for 24H seconds, when he said: "While I have not been consulted with reference to Korea since my retirement I can unhesitatingly say that a leader- ship which by weakness and in- decision has brought about such a military dilemma lacks the Taff Believes He Has Votes For Victory GOP Keynoter Urges Crusade To Clean House By WARREN ROGERS JR. CHICAGO soldier Doug- las MacArthur, amid a cannonade (of applause, blistered the Demo- crats as a blundering "war party" CHICAGO (ffl Sen, Robert A. and rallied yelling Republicans last Taft, claiming the Republican presidential nomination is as good as his, geared up his bandwagon today for a powerhouse drive aimed at a second-ballot victory. The Ohioan argued that the night to a "crusade" to rout them from office. The five-star general's keynote Ike Followers Jubilant Over Delegate Vote By MARVIN L. ARROWSMITH CHICAGO Gen. Dwight D. Eisenhower's forces tempered ela- tion with caution today in predict- address knifed through the strife I jng an early ballot victory in his stirred by the Taft-Eisenbower for the Republican presidea- tle for presidential nomination. It strength he showed after refusing j united the packed convention hall to duck yesterday's losing fight ,s it hit with Gen. Dwight D, Eisenhower's shock troops over national conven- ion delegate contests "practically guarantees my nomination." David S. Ingalls, the senator's in a standing ovation as it bit sharply at the Truman administra- tion's policies. The 57-minute speech, punctua- ted 73 times by handclapping and roars, formally plotted a non-par- campaign manager, insisted the tisan course in the nomination bat- Taft-men's showing of power in tie between Gen. Dwight D. Eisen- that opening skirmish justified his I hower I and Sen. Robert Taft. chief's decision to risk the early j MacArthur. who backs Taft and who has been mentioned as a pos- sible vice presidential running est. Taft himself said in a statement 'the hard core of 548 delegates voted with us" on the dele- gate test will stick with him for he nomination. He said Eisen- ower forces cannot hold enough f the 658 delegates who backed is stand. Taft's forces hold firm contrc f the convention's powerful Cre soundness of vision, the moral entials Committee, which wi courage, and the resolute will to resolve Mac's Talk Divided Those, according to what ABC said were electric sound-measure- ments, were the statements that drew the heaviest applause. All three reflect some aspect of the foreign situation. MacArthur divided his speech equally between domestic and for- eign policy. As he has done before, he ac- cused the Democrats of respon- sibility for the public debt, mount- ing taxation, inflation, corruption in government, the encroachment of federal authority on the states, ning mate. Taft replied that Mac- and "the prerequisites to a socia-1- Arthur was a good friend and he j istic> or even a communistic state." liked him very much, but it was too early for any comment on such a question. The feeling among the Minnesota serve as the next arena for In batile over the seating of riva Taft and Eisenhower delegates Taft-men officially installed one o their number Ross Rizley o Guymon, Okla. chairman o the group last night. The bulk of the Minnesota dele gation is pledged to former Gov Harold E. Stassen himself a candidate but has strong leanings toward Eisen hower.. Sen, Edward J. Thye, its co chairman, is pledged to back Stas sen, but he soys he personally pre fers Eisenhower, and that the close delegate test yesterday "indicates that Bob Taft is through, but "Gen. Eisenhower is not in yet." A. Garfield who was j between the Dunn and elected that said, "let us learn from history." He called on Taft, Eisenhower, Gen. Douglas MacArthur, Harold Stassen, California Gov. Earl War- ren and "all the'other leaders of our party to stand with me before the bar of American public opin- Sfyles Bridges Heffelfinger factions has broken wide open here. It will unquestion- ably break into a fight on the floor for the Minnesota standard if a-big Taft parade should get under way. Headquarters of the Taft and Eisenhower groups here in the Hil- ton Hotel, where the elevator serv- ice has completely broken down, are very colorful areas. We visited a Taft area on the i ninth floor. Apparently all the col- jored delegates from the deep south had been herded into this sector for safe keeping. Anyway, they were milling around and drinking the free pop provided. It was beast- Huge Taft but- high taxes and deficit'financing." stood out everywhere. We wore He said all segments of the na-ja Stasfn button and were quite tion have lost confidence in the j w? werj Dftmor-rarin arlminicfratmn a However, when informed "Do not tamper with the fate of the party and the fate of our na- he said. Nation Loses Confidence Bridges characterized the Dem- ocrats ES a party itself divided on issues like civil rights. He said the administration must take respon- sibility for "inflation, public debt, I ;y Democratic administration and are calling for a change. "I believe the people will choose the Republican party on the basis of its Bridges said, "if we i unite to present the real issues in a fighting campaign." Two other Congress members, Sen. Kem and Rep. Church, ex- (Continued on Page 13, Column 7.) SPEECHES that we were from Minnesota, floor managers gathered around and welcomed us warmly. Taft Minnesota vote on the badly. The Tafts are staying at the Congress Hotel where Mrs. Taft and the boys are greeting close friends. Mrs. Taft, who was born in Winona, is in a wheel chair part of the time. mate for the Ohioan, said: 1. The Democratic Party has a noble heritage but has been cap tured by schemers leading the country toward "the socialistic regimentation of a totalitarian state." Must Enlist All tiai nomination. The general's camp was jubilant over the preliminary victory he marked up over Sen. Robert A. Taft at yesterday's dramatic open- ing session of the GOP National Convention.. But among key Eisenhower aides there still was much respect for the resourcefulness of the battling Ohioan. They made it plain they expect to win but they looked for a close race. Eisenhower himself left the vic- tory claims to his campaign man- 2. The Republicans must enlist all kinds of Americans, who are "desperate for a plan which will revive to win the November election. MacArthur named Taft nor Eisenhower. But he hit the administration's policy of Commu- nist containment, which Eisen- hower supports, and called for more air power, a Taft objective. Wearing civilian clothing, the five-star general spoke slowly and deliberately. He leaned well for- ward into a thicket of microphones and, closely following his prepared :ext, leveled his heaviest blasts at ihe administration of President Truman, who fired him last year as United Nations commander in he Far East. He said Truman's claim of in- lerent the Supreme Court held did not justify the steel ndustry fictitious. The administration's foreign pol cy, he said, "practically invited n.oviet dominance over the fre copies of Eastern Europe." This ame about, he said, by withdraws f troops, yielding of control over tomic materials deposits, dismant- ng of German industrial plants nd allowing shipments of wai oods to the Soviet. Taft Florida Bloc Seated By Committee Eisenhower Asks Harmony, All-Our Fight on Democrats By JACK BELL CONVENTION HALL, Chicago Taft-Eisenhower battle for the GOP presidential nomination came to a crucial point today with rival claimants to 93 disputed con- vention seats slugging it out to- ward a final decision. By nightfall, these contests should be settled and the lines drawn more firmly between sup- porters of Sen. Robert A. Taft and en. Dwight D. Eisenhower among he delegates to this 25th Republican convention. The scrap over these 93 seats, nvolving delegations from seven tates, was before the convention redentials committee. In the convention hall itself the elegates, who cheered Gen. Doug- as MacArthur's lambasting of the ruman administration in the key- ote speech Monday night, were ow to assemble. More speeches nd little business were on tap. Plea for Unity Styles Bridges, Republican lead- r in the Senate, prepared a plea r unity. He said the GOP must atch up party quarrels or "almost certainly go down to defeat in November." Taft and Eisenhower themselves were visiting with delegates ia their trying to harvest more support. There were signs that Eisenhow- er might be chipping away at the delegate strength Taft has counted on. Two New York City delegates, who had been supporting Taft, aa- nounced they had decided to vote for Eisenhower. Both sides were wooing Gov. Earl Warren and the 70-vote Cali- fornia delegation, now pledged to support Warren as a candidate ia his own right. At Warren's invitation. Taft and Harold Stassen, also bidding for the presidential nomination, met with the California delegation. Ei- senhower is to talk with them to- morrow. Stassen Voices Taft and Stassen each told the Californians they <hoped the party would remain united and that all factions would work to elect the presidential nominee, whoever he is. Stassen said: Massachusetts, who declared the general will be nominated on about the third ballot. The voting may start tomorrow night. Eisenhower called the prelim- inary triumph he scored "hearten- ing news" to himself and millions of Americans. That triumph came when the con- vention, by a vote of 658 to 548, went along with Eisenhower on the issue of seating contested dele- gations. Then it adopted by ac- clamation a new rule which bars 68 contested delegates most of them pro-Taft until the disputes over seating them have been set- tled. happen that your governor should receive that magic 604 required for nomination I would support him and I am confident he would win in November." But Stassen added in the next breath: "I am confident I could win in November." Eisenhower had breakfast with the 26-yote Missouri delegation and, in a little talk, appealed for har- mony and for "kicking the Demo- crats so far November 4 that it'll take them 20 years to get back." He also met later with the Neb- (Continued on Page IS, Column 4.) CONVENTION Ike Power Puts Pressure On Minnesota Delegation Sen, Robert A. Taft, center, seems amused at something being said to him by the Warren delegate from California at the left. The latter declined to give his name, saying it might be embarrass- ing. At right is Sen. William Knowland of California whose dele- gation was visited by Taft in Chicago today. (AP Wirephoto to The Republican-Herald) WEATHER FEDERAL FORECAST Winona and to- ight and Wednesday. Somewhat armer Wednesday. Low tonight high Wednesday 82. LOCAL WEATHER Official observations for. the 24 hours ending at 12 m. today: Maximum, 76; minimum, 62; noon, 74; precipitation, .01; sun sets tonight'at sun rises to- morrow at AIRPORT WEATHER (CAA Observations) Max. temp. 76 at noon today, min. 61 at noon Monday. Noon readings wind direction north, northwest 12 miles per hour, coludy feet, visibility 15 miles, hu- midity, 63, barometer 30.10 steady. Additional weather on page 13. By RICHARD P. POWERS CHICAGO Wl Eisenhowe show of strength on the first tes with Taft forces put added pres sure today on Minnesota's 28-man delegation to the GOP convention The bulk of them are pledged to Harold E. Stassen on the first bal lot but with strong leanings to ward Gen. Dwight D. Eisenhower The plan of the state delegation all along has been to cast the 24 votes pledged to the former Min- nesota governor on the first ballot with the other four going to Eisen- hower, and then decide the next move. But the 110 vote victory margin scored by the Eisenhower support- ers on the contested delegate seat- ing vote 65S to put new strains on those who vould like to remain- loyal to Stas- sn. Sen. Edward J. Thye, delegation :o-chairman, said the outcome of he first test "indicates that Bob Taft is through but Gen. Eisenhow- x is not in yet." Thye is a Stassen-pledged dele- late but is an announced support- r of Eisenhower. The other co-chairman, Gov. C. Elmer Anderson, had this to say n a separate interview: "It was the tip off to me on the nal outcome in Eisenhower's fav- r." i Minnesota cast its full 28 votes with the Eisenhower forces on the delegate seating issue-. Thye said the outcome of the test did not indicate to him that all who voted against the motion by Rep, Clarence Brown of Ohio to reduce the 68 delegates in dispute by seven would necessarily support Eisenhower on the balloting for the presidential nomination. He said the 65S votes against the Brown motion included, for in- stance, 70 from the California del- egation which is pledged solidly to Gov. Earl Warren. It was Thye's view that there has been so much bitterness that it is possible the bulk of the Taft strength will not shift to Eisen- hower if the Ohio senator is count- ed out of the race. Gov. Anderson said the outcome of the test "was n good indica- tion of the strength of Eisenhow- er." He said he believes the gen- eral will go on to win the nomina- ion. Anderson called the keynote ad- dress by Gen. Douglas MacArthur ast night "a good keynote speech." Stassen came to the convention to listen to the MacArthur peech. He sat in the gallery al- most directly under a battery of elevision cameras. He smiled broadly and dapped igorously at each high point in the MacArthur address.