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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - July 2, 1952, Winona, Minnesota Warm, Humid Tonight, Local Thundershovfrers Band Concert Tonight Lake Park VOLUME 52, NO. 116 SIX CENTS PER COPY WINONA, MINNESOTA, WEDNESDAY EVENING, JULY 2, 1952 EIGHTEEN PAGES TODAY More U.S. Air Units To Korea ly JOSEPH and STEWART ALSOP WASHINGTON The American Air Forces in Korea are now re- ceiving massive reinforcements of jet fighters and fighter bombers. The planned reinforcement will in- crease the over-all strength by nearly 40 per cent and the strength in jet planes by an even higher percentage. This great and painful effort is a response to a corresponding re- inforcement of the Communist Air Force above the Yalu. re- cently, the Communist air units in a position to participate in the Ko- rean fighting were estimated to number aircraft, with a thou- sand jet fighters. In recent weeks, at least 200 and more probably 300 new jet fighters have been added to this Communist force. Furthermore, the strengthening of the Communist Air Force has been accompanied by other signs even more disquieting, although less clearly defined for public con- sumption. Russ More Active "The it is said by those who will discuss the subject at all, "are taking a far more overt part." Reports are circulat- ing that the Communist Air Force in the Korean Theater now includes Russian units which have not gone through the significant formality of having their insignia painted over. Other reports suggest the ap- pointment of an over-all Soviet Air Commander. In any case, while Taft Georgia Delegates Seated William M. Christensen Harold R. Ofenloch 2 Businessmen Put OnL-M-C The heads of two Winona firms Tuesday were named to member- ship on the city's Labor-Manageinent-Citizens Committee. They are William M. Christensen, president of WMC, Inc., and Harold R. Ofenloch, owner and manager of Quality Sheet Metal Works. The men replace Harold J. Doerer and William Galewski members of the committee representing management. Still to be announced are the names .of two representing labor and two representing th new appointees wi places on the committee at an or- anizational meeting early in Russians Killed Poles, Congress Finds Soldiers Slain In 1940 Katyn Forest Massacre By RUSSELL BRINES WASHINGTON W) A congres- sional report today officially charges Russia with killing Polish officers 12 years ago on a pattern duplicated by the Reds in Korea. This, said Rep. O'Konski (R-Wis) was the unanimous verdict of a special House committee which heard 150 witnesses in this country and Europe while probing the 1940 Polish massacre in Katyn Forest, j near Smolensk, Russia. j The report was prepared for pre-1 sentation to the House today or i tomorrow. It may include specific i recommendations considered by the committee for "appropriate action" Jf .v; Taff Given 489 To 410 for Ike InAP'sPoll 106-Man Group Will Decide on Contested Delegates St. Cloud Man Drowns, Body Found The Two Most Relieved Men in the city this morning were John W. Stuart, New York City, center, and Charles Bowlegs, Wapakoneta. Okla., right, pictured here talking with Chief of Police the form of this more overt So-( CLOUD, Minn, (ft David JAugusV viet participation is not precisely I Lamraers, 21, St. Cloud, drowned defined, the fact is quite undisput- 1 cd I mg swimming about i There are several different ways j a boat on LonS Lake near Cable- to measure the potential impor-' eight miles south of here. Lam- mers dived into the water and failed to come up. Sheriff's depu- ties recovered his, body an hour later from 19 feet of water. tance of these developments. Under Secretary of the Air Force Roswell Gilpatrick, Acting Chief of Air Staff, Gen. Nathan Twining, and Air Force Fighter Commander Gen. Roger Famey, have just left I for Korea for a personal inspection _. of the front line situation. A party I of this character would hardly have j 'OCIIIIUVVCI J been sent out unless serious con- j cern were felt. j Real Worry Again, the reinforcement of our Korean air units has )n turn necessitated really disturbing changes in other priorities. In or- cities. Exact Duplicate O'Konski, a committee member, of Christensen a-newsman the report says LMC was announc-1 at lewt two respects, Com. ed by Philip A. Baumann, presi- munist methods in Korea are an ['MURDERED7 MAN ALIVE dent of the Winona Association of Commerce. The association chooses the management representatives. John M. Schlaefer, president of the Winona Trades and Labor Council, revealed this morning the repre- sentatives of labor still have not i been chosen. Two members to I serve on behalf of the public will be chosen by a combined commit- I tee representing labor and manage- i ment. i Christensen, who lives with his j wife at 303 Winona St., was born j in Denmark and came to this coun- exact duplicate of practices un- covered in the Katyn massacre. He said one was the method of killing the victims. The second, he said, was the "run-around" at the Panmunjom truce negotiations over j the whereabouts of missing U. N. j troops. j 2 Questioned Deal fi In Boxcar A ft ft elf M ARDARn TRTTMAW By FRED LEIGHTON Republican-Herald Staff Writer The bizarre story of a midnight brawl on a speeding boxcar south CHICAGO forces knock- ed 14 Georgia delegates from. Gen. Dwight D. Eisenhower's voting strength today and put .17 of their own men into nominating convention seats. This was by far the greatest vic- tory for Sen. Robert A. Taft, and the biggest defeat for Eisenhower, in this week's battle over organi- zation of next week's national convention. It established beyond any doubt that Taft at the moment is run- ning the five more disputes between Taft and Eisen- hower delegates to come. By a vote of 62 to 39, the Repub- lican national committee tossed out of the convention Georgia's self-described "regular" delega- tion, which has been representing the state since 1944, and ordered a solidly pro-Taft delegation seated in its stead. The "regular" delegation num- bered 14 Eisenhower supporters, i two Taft men and one uneonmut- j ted delegate. This meant a net gain of at J least 15 convention votes for Taft, I figuring he already had two in the I delegation thrown out and now guts j 17 from the successful delegation. I In the Associated Press tabula- j on avowed and con- I ceded delegate victory i put Taft ahead of Eisenhower, 489 ABOARD TRUMAN TRAIN IN i to 410, with 604 votes needed'to win A. J. Bingold-about the boxcar "murder" which was never committed. The men were -released this noon after questioning. (Republican-Herald photo) Truman Carries ARKANSAS Truman carried his fight for support of his public power and other "Fair Deal" the presidential nomination. Appeal Planned There was no doubt the angered Pnlich rtisannparpri ui a imuiugui, uiawi Ull a syeeumg UUXUitr SOUUl of SL Paul and of tne which was never committed was rom with a sigh of relief this morning by two Bright by Wmona city police -a.m. A in .uuniiituA diiu udiut: LU uus LUUII- I try in 1907. He is founder and pres- >4f If ft VCTl JCIf JT of WMC, Inc., a general con- (The Eisenhowers ident of WMC, Inc., a general con- tracting firm. A 32nd degree Ma- son and a member of Central Luth- Katyn Forest from which bodies were exhumed. The Nazis immediately claimed the Russians were responsible. Moscow replied that the Germans had killed the Poles after captur- ing Smolensk area. and F-8te plans for strer4erin' Mamie-took time cran Church, he is the father of O'Konski said all the commit-j AirComma'nd merry-go- two grown daughters and a son, j tee-s evidenCe confirmed Russian Eur-irTd 6rday celebrate their William S. L. Christensen, city al- suilt. Witnesses include a former equipping tne INAlUlOrCes in JMJr-136tj. weddins anniversary. anrl nnrtnpr in WMP Tnn dinner at Eisenhower's S. Doud, highlighted the cele- weddin ope have had to be readjusted, j Such crucial schedules as these would hardly have been altered, j if the position in Korea were not I, T causing real worry. if T 1? All this does not mean, of course, !they "Varied on the day that that new trouble in Korea is now I fisenbower flrst Sot hls flrst lieu' to be regarded as a certainty, or itenant s Dars- even as a probability. For one! There is little on the general's .thing, so far as is known, the re- j schedule today, inforcements of the Communist air I Meanwhile, his headquarters at power do not yet include jet fight-1tne Brown Palace Hotel was in er bombers. With really fast throes of moving-day prob- er bombers (which one must re-' Iems as hls staff prepared for the member could be sent into Man- imove to the front-line political bat- churia at the last the'tle zone in Chicago. Communists could make a pretty i Eisenhower and his wife, the fair stab at neutralizing the Araer-1 general's staff, some convention ican forward airfields in the Seoul I delegates and other supporters will area. But with the obsolete a "Victory Special" train ium bombers which they now Iat Denver Union Station at possess, the Communists will foiMhe journey to the the odds heavily against them City any such attempts. Convention. derman and partner in WMC, Inc. home of One married daughter lives at Muskegon, Mich.; a second is a teacher in Colorado. The Christen- sens have three grandchildren, Ofenlock has been in business for himself as the Quality Sheet Metal Works for 14 years. He was born and raised in Winona. Of- enloch is married and the father of a daughter now living in Ro- chester. The Ofenlochs live at 376 E. Broadway. The LMC committee consists of 12 members, four each from labor, management and the public. Half the membership is appointed to the committee each Besides Doerer and Galewski, the retirin members are Morris Bergsrud an Ed Rissie, representing labor, an The Most Rev. Edward J. Fitzge aid and Paul F. Koprowski, reprc _ Polish soldier who appeared in a mask, to hide his identity, and who testified he saw some of the shoot- ings. Distinctive Manner Army Calls For In September WASHINGTON W The Army today called for draftees in off when the train stopped at the Milwaukee station here. The "murdered" man turned up i very much alive, walking on high- I way Gl just north of Hastings at a.m. more than a mile from programs deep into the heart of j Eisenhower backers would appeal the South today. In whistle stop fashion, be rolled by train through Central Arkansas toward the border of his native today's national committee ac- tion to the convention credentials committee and fight it out on the convention floor, if necessary. Missouri to dedicate two big hydro- Tbe Taft resumed their electric power dams Bull Shoals and samples of what his administration has done for Dixie. occupancy of the driver's seat at the outset of today's session. The committee agreed to con- whole 17 just the The Polish officers had their (September It said it would need sider the case of the where he was slugged with a I Georgia Juot whisky bottle and thrown from the At Newport, Ark., last night, four delegates-at-large who previ- train. But it was this morn-i Truman told several hundred been the bone of con- ing before Winona police knew the isons gathered around the platform j tention man was alive to tell his his special train that "this is Eisenhower's Georgia backers and that the men held here are the No. 1 whistle stop of 1952. There called their rivals' move "politi- free to leave town. They were re- jwill be a lot more of them." jcai trickery and double dealing." leased by the police at noon. he said, "they will be; The committee's decision in the Taken from the train were John different from 1948, since I will be Georgia contest could set a pat- W.Stuart, 44. New York City, and working for somebody else Charley Bowlegs, 23, a Wapakoneta, i Truman said that "in his main tern for settling disputes in five other states with 50 delegates at While we occupy the Seoul air- i The special Burlington train will fields, the Communist air units will lmake at lcast 10 the find it very difficult to prepare i way wltn thc general making rear- and use their own airfields in Platform appearances and brief North Korea. And without these talks- A sPeech is scheduled to- forward air bases of their .own, morl'ow ni2ht at Lincoln, Neb., on the short range Communist MIGs ithc stePs of the Statc Capitol, and cannot easily challenge our natwn-wide television show Fri- premacy in the air over the battle day. from Ames, la. jjnes. I ine lram is scheduled to arrive Rule Out Settlement al about Saturday. Again, there is the curiously con- e flicting character of other evi- i dence. Take, for example, two re-! ports sent in recent months by the recently transferred Indian Am- bassador to Peking, Sardar M. Panikkar. In one, he quoted a high Chinese Communist official as say- ing that "when the tigress has its paw in the trap, you do not let it go." The implication was, obvi- ously, that the Chinese Communists feared the United States and thought it wise to keep this coun- try continuously involved in Ko- rea. This would rule out both a Korean settlement and a risky in- tensification of the Korean fight- ing. On the other hand, when the truce negotiations broke down for the last time, Panikkar sent an- other and seemingly contradictory report. It will be recalled that the cause of the breakdown was the unexpectedly large number of Chi-, nese and North Koreans voting against repatriation. When the breakdown happened, Panikkar relayed a seemingly au- thoritative Chinese suggestion that we compromise by keeping the North Korean prisoners and send- ing back the Chinese. As the Chi- nese prisoners had voted almost 3 to 1 against going home, forcibly driving them back to their fate was rather too steep a rise above principle. Yet the Chinese proposal looked like proof of a genuine de- sire to end the Korean hostilities, i the GOP National senting the public. Members can b reappointed, although Doerer an Galeswski have declined. Members of the committee who: terms continue for another yea are; R. E. Lange and James Me Connon for management; Mrs. P A. Mattison and the Rev. Georg Goodrcid for the public, and Mis Mabel Bess and Henry Olson for la bor. A regular monthly meeting of th committee is scheduled tonigiit a 8 o'clock at the community room of (he city hall. A Cake Topped By The Numerals 36 was cut by Mrs. Dwight D. Eisenhower last night as the general fondly watched. They celebrated their 36th wedding anniversary in the house of Mrs. Eisenhower's mother in Denver, Colo., the same house in which they were married the day Eisenhower got his first lieutenant's bars. Tomorrow they leave for Chicago in the general's bid for the Republican presidential nomination. (AP Wirephoto to The Republican-Herald) them were shot in the head. O'Kon- ski said this technique has been used against Americans in Korea. O'Konski said the committee fixed the time of the Katyn massa- cre as' the spring of 1940. For months after that, however, Mos- cow officials were telling Polish authorities the prisoners all had been released to join a Polish army then being raised against the Ger- mans. O'Konski said the report declares this evasiveness is being practiced at Panmnnjom, perhaps for the same reason, whenever Allied ne- gotiators attempt to locate tens of thousands of missing Allied pris- oners. The Veport, he said, mentions that Gen. Matthew B. Ridgway re- ported to the United States recently Americans might have been atrocity victims and more than South Korean soldiers are still missing. O'Konski said the committee's evidence shows the Katyn incident was part of a'definite program of genocide mass extermination of races.- Crude Graves The committee concludes that Katyn's crude graves contained only part of the slaughtered Poles, TKonski said. Another or are buried near Charkov, Russia, and the remainder of the )0dies are in the White Sea, he added. Soviet officials have declined wo invitations to testify before the committee. Its evidence includes a tatement from a former Russian ifficial that he was told by Stalin's netime personal physician that he secret police killed the Poles, Ithough the physician headed a _. pecia? commission that fixed the thundershowers tonight. Thurs- lame on Germany. I day partly cloudy, warm and O'Konski said the group is still humid followed by cooler in eve- onsidering charges that American and at Low tomSht 73> fficials suppressed official reports Thursday 90 laming the Russians for Katyn i UOCAL WEATHER n order to avoid embarrassing I Official observations for the 24 final three months of the year. Okla., Indian. Also taken from the j address today he would "set outlstake- train for questioning were Milford j the power policy of the govern-1 Television, newsreel arid still T. Hoard. Yakima. Wash., and his mcnt will be a the'eameras Vv6re barred by national committee edict from the north ballroom of the Conrad Hilton i Hotel, where the opposing delega- lions poured forth their claims for recognition. foi Northford River. Thc Army's September call is i W-year-old son, neither directly in- Democratic platform for 1952. about the same as it was for the j the boxcar brawl but held Kfi preceding two months. It called for men in gust and in July. j James Handy. 32. Fairbanks! Alas" Truman flew into Little Rock last j "TodayT'round in the battle for The projected draft of ka_ anrj yiias Jeffrey. 38, Hillsboro, i night in an Air Force Constella-1 more delegates was a fisht in the men in October, November and Handy confessed to the -'mur- tion for one of his rare appearances dark so far as those "who had December would be higher than police there said this the South, where bitter oppcsi-1hoped to watch on television or any since March 1951. jng> before he knew the "victim" tion to his civil rights proposals hear on the radio were concerned Police at Red Wing are holding on was still living. Police at Hastings are holding proposals split the Democratic party in 1948. In addition to his major address In that month, nearly a year and a half ago, men were drafted, all for the Army. The announced quota for Sep- tember brings to the total number of men drafted since selec- tive service resumed operation in I (Continued on Page 3, Column will board his. plane for a flight hear on the radio were concerned. TV and newsreel cameras, radio microphones and even news cam- the "dead" man, Tyler Reiford, he will make a whistle stop i eras were the GOP Na- 30-year-old Negro from Milwaukee, j talk from Ule back platform his I tional Committee called its mem- Tno ctnrir iirant tine- _ The story went like this: train at Batesville this afternoon Dk uno allcj.uuvm Handy Jeffrey and route to Newporti wnere ne September in 1950. The Defense Department said tie projected increase in induc- tions during the last three months of this year, is necessary to re- place men drafted in the latter part of 1950 and the early months of 1951. Men who entered the service at that time will be eligible for sep- aration by the end of the current year. REA Loan Granted At Black River Falls WASHINGTON The Rural Electrification Administration yes- terday approved a loan of to the Jackson Electric Co-opera- tive of Black River Falls. WEATHER FEDERAL FORECAST Winona and Vicinity Partly cloudy, warm and humid with lo- (back to Washington. (Continued on Page 9, Column 6) TAFT leir wartime allies. This is a 30-Cent Week Since no paper will be pub- lished Friday, Independence day, Republican-Herald car- risrs will collect for only five days or 30 cents this weekend from all subscribers receiving their papers by carrier. hour ending at 12 m. today: Maxi- mum, 91; minimum, 68; noon, 91: precipitation, .07; sun sets tonight at sun rises tomorrow at i AIRPORT WEATHER (CAA Observation) Max. Temp. 88 at a. m. today; Min. 70 at a. m. to- day. Noon direc- tion, south, 12 miles per hour; .clouds, light at feet, humid- ity 58, barometer 29.97, falling. Additional weather on-Page 3. Here's A Breakfast get-together in Chicago of woman-elect; Judge Allen E. Walker of some of thc IS mostly pro-Taft Florida Republi- Haven; G. Harold Alexander of Fort Myers cans who won Republican convention recognition man of the delegation; R. T. Keating of'pl against an opposition group. Left to right: Mrs. City, and Thomas H. Trent of Vero Beach (AP Joseph P. Lieb of Tampa, National committee- Wirephoto to The Republican-Herald)
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