Tuesday, June 17, 1952

Winona Republican Herald

Location: Winona, Minnesota

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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - June 17, 1952, Winona, Minnesota Fair Tonight And Wednesday, Temperature Same Chiefs vs. Austin 8 Tonight KWNO AM-FM VOL. 52, NO. 103 FIVE CENTS PER COPY WINONA, MINNESOTA, TUESDAY EVENING, JUNE 77, 1952 TWENTY-TWO PAGES TODAY Outlook Serious In Korea By JOSEPH and STEWART WASHINGTON can be very little doubt that this battered world is entering another period of war danger. For example, Soviets and their East German stooges are making gestures to- wards a renewal of the blockade of Berlin. But before Secretary of State Dean G. Acheson left for Europe, the grave decision was H ouse Hik es ocia Sec Council to Press For Federal, State Flood Control Aid Somewhat irked by the slow progress realized thus far in ob- taken to use force, il need be to laining reimbursement for funds spent by the city in flood control, prevent Berlin from being blocked- the cjly Council Monday night agreed informally to request a meet- ing with stale and Congressional officials to determine what financial relief the city eventually can ex- ed a second time. The initial move, no doubt, would be to Send an armed convoy to the beleaguered city. Four years ago, only General Lucius D. Clay in the American government and Ancurin Bevan in the British j partners, open- j ing the way to Berlin by an armed convoy. Now, however, minds and con- ditions have changed. On the one j hand, it is almost certain that a i Berlin blockade, if imposed at all, will be imposed by the East Ger- man Communist government and its army, which is now being i Russians Offer To Return 186 American Ships By EDWARD E. BOMAR WASHINGTON A surprise brought up to strength. Thus an i ,h armed convoy sent to relieve Her- the to back ships was regarded t. sian forces. On the other flood seems to be some difference of opinion on this to what extent the state will participate in alleviat- ,ing the situation. i day as advancing negotiations for i Accordingly, the Council Sn- pect. The council members expressed frank concern over the financial situation that has been generated by expenditures for flood control and emergency protection and de- cided that there should be an im- mediate showdown to learn what can be done. 1 Possible enemy planes. The city would like to know if j This 24-hour vigil is necessary there are any federal funds avail-1 because -the Soviets have had the able for help in defraying the j capability for some time to attack costs to the city of preventing Maj. Gen. Frederic H. Smith 24-Hour Watch To Protect U.S. Needed, Report Thousands to Begin Scanning Skies July 14 By JERRY T. BAULCH WASHINGTON July 14, thousands of civilian defense workers will help the Air Force scan the skies over America's bor- ders in a round-the-clock watch for Jr., deputy directory of the Air Defense Command, told a Penta- gon news conference. To which Gen. Nathan F. Twi- ning, acting chief of staff for the Air Force, added: ern governments publicly commit- i ted themselves not to tolerate an- 1 Moscow made the offer yester- other Berlin blockade, and this j da.v ln an unexpected renewal of commitment is to be honored if the I negotiations which have dragged need arises, Certainly passive acceptance of t new Berlin blockade would be the beginning of total de- feat in the Cold War. At the same time, significant- ly enough, there is far less worry about the situation in Berlin than about the situation in Korea. This is for two rea- sons. on more than five years. The ships are among 670 turned over to the Soviets by this country during the several other Minnesota cities Yesterday's State Department j including Marshall, North Manka- meeting was the first to take up j to, and St. Paul who are in much the long-standing dispute since last j the same predicament, as Winona. Need Explained structed Mayor Loyde Pfeiffer to j "We can have no assurance of write to the governor, the Corps long-range forewarning of a deci- 01 L. i._Engineers, the adjutant, sion by the Kremlin to attempt an assault on us. The lack of a thor- ough 24-hour watch is a weakness we'c'an no longer afford." Twining said intelligence esti- mates credit Russia with being A Shrine Band Passes before "Little the Shrine re- viewing stand in the Orange Bowl in Miami, Fla., today as the giant Shrine parade began. Notables of the Shrine, including Imperial Potentate Robert G. Wilson Jr., of Boston, reviewed the marchers from the canopied stand. The parade, which lasted six hours, had marchers. (AP Wirephoto to The Republican- Herald) general, the first district Congress- man and both Minnesota Senators askng for a meeting to discuss pos- sible assistance to the city in meeting its flood bills. than 400 four-engine bombers loaded with enough and blast all U.S. metropolitan industrial target I August. It left the two govern-1 I menls as far apart as ever on loiher major issues. Officials said, j as funds have been made avanaoie i nv th j however, the proposal to turn back I for relief and rehabilitation in First, the Western agreement on i some of the vessels was at least a flood-stricken cities, there also West German independence and i step toward settlement. should be provisions for assistance rearmament has produced a much i The United States is expected to to those municipalities which went milder Soviet response, thus far, accept the proposal but to renew a Iout ?nd spent money on dike than was anticipated. Second, and: demand for the return of other (building and other flood controls areas. The start of "Operation Sky- announced yesterday Department after a conference of civil defense di- rectors from all states and terri- tories. Smith estimated from 50 to 80 more important, a new Berlin j vessels. blockade would constitute a front- Meeting Wednesday al attack, would tend to unite the i A further meeting of negotiating I sistanee, West, and would positively invite j groups was set for Wednesday a -.general war. Whereas the Polit-) In addition, a Russian group i to prevent damage and eliminate I the need for rehabilitation as. i job will_be to spot planes flying below Swedes Infuriated By Russian Attack Senate-Bound Bill To Benefit Millions By HARRY P. SNYDER WASHINGTON House today gave its final approval to legislation increasing social security benefits at least a month for the million Americans now receiving payments. It is expected to cost about 300 million dollars a year. A roll call confirmed yesterday's tentative voice vote of approval follow for an hour's conference and then Wyoming, The Utah delegation is the one ______........_______......_ ___________________.pledged to Taft. But State Chair- The traditionally neutral nation's stern action reflected the anger nian A. Pratt Kesler said last night By GUSTAV SVENSSON STOCKHOLM, Sweden Sweden kept up her search over the Baltic Sea today for a missing transport plane and sent along jet fighter escorts with orders to shoot if the Russians attacked. 'PVui H if I naf'T An Jc uftirtTi IpPtPfi 1 and sent the measure on to the Senate. Speaker Rayburn (D-Tex) order- ed the roll call at ihe request of Rep. Ford Sponsored by Rep. Doughton the measure calls for: 1. A monthly increase of S5 or per cent, whichever is larger, in payments to retired persons already on the rolls; 2. A S5 monthly boost above the present formula for persons who retire in the future; 3. Proportionate increases for wives, widows, children and other beneficiaries of the sys- tem; 4. An increase from to the amount of earnings a re- tired person may obtain month- ly and still receive all social security benefits; 5. A freeze of the social se- curity status of totally disabled persons, so their retirement benefits will not be diminished by a calculation of their non- productive years in figuring their benefit payments. The measure won tentative ap- proval yesterday by a voice vole Ike Working For Western Delegate Votes By EDWARD 0. ETHELL DENVER Wl Gen. Dwjght D. Eisenhower begins this afternoon his attempt to woo additional GOP National Convention votes from Western states. Of three delegations invited to confer with him, one strongly fa- vors him, one is split and one is committed to vote solidly for Sen Robert A. Tat't of Ohio on the first ballot at Chicago. The general first will meet the Colorado delegation, which is safe- ly in his camp. It is scheduled to confer with him from 4 to .5 p.m., but R Ford (R.Mich) objecled Eastern Standard Time. Utah will Aai members were ab- that so many members were ab- sent that the approval was not valid. Speaker Rayburn ordered today's roll call. It was the fifth provision which _ _ T. set off sharp criticism of bill expressed by the government, i at Salt Lake City that 33 Man by American Medical Associa- Ipress and people over the shooting down yesterday of an unarmed Swedish flying boat by two Soviet MIG-15 jet fighter planes. The seven crew of them the downed In addition to the decision to call the meeting in St. Paul with to pic k up on radar. The network of lookouts will be buro, which wants victory without j headed by Boris I. Karavaev, tern- war, must perceive that a success-jporarily in charge of the Soviet ful offensive in Korea would con- Embassy renewed an offer of 300 stitute a brilliant flank attack, it j million dollars for a final overall taining to the flood situation, would tend to disunite the Western lend-lease settlement. This would I there wa? a Piece of the governmental officials, the coordinated with the Canadian air Council Monday night also voted Program. Smith said sky- b of three resolutions Per- Alaska and Hawaii is powers. It would subject the West i be their payment for all other news to be considered, too. to a shattering defeat in the Far i ships, and for machine tools, loco- For some city nas been East. And they might just get j motives and oilier civilian-type j seeking Congressional approval of away with it without a general goods still usable at VJ day an appropriation of funds for an war. The U.S., which is asking 800 1 extensive flood control survey in The fundamental precariousness million dollars plus the ships i area to determine what steps of the Korean situation has already i again rejected the offer. Officials I be taken to prevent future been reported in this space. said it was made plain, however, disasters, cause, of course, is the huge enemy that this figure might be scaled At Monday night's meeting, tcle- build-up that has taken place there i down if Moscow came up with a grams to the Council and the in the last ten months. The most j constructive proposal to bridge I were read in which Sen. Ed- vivid illustration is provided by the i the I ward J- Th-ve stated that a Senate real facts of the Korean air fight- I The Russians turned down an i C0mmittee has recommended the ing, about which President Tru- American proposal to submit the I of for flood man was so complacent in his i dispute over the ships to the Inter- surveys in Minnesota, speech to the 35th Division reunion, i national Court. They had rejected j survey at Winona was specifi- In brief, we now have air super- I earlier a suggestion that the whole i in tne appropriation, iority over the Korean battlefield, lend-lease issue be left to inter-1 j but we cannot possibly count on national arbitration i One of s resolutions asks maintaining this superiority in the This left American officials cau- i Congressmen to initiate face of a massive enemy offensive j tiously hopeful that a lend-lease s legislation as is necessary to which achieves serious initial i settlement might ultimately be make a Portion of the Congresskm- gains. The Communist command-1 worked out with Moscow regard- i of Si5 million for ers in Korea now have at their j less of other cold war disputes iflood for re' disposal aircraft, of which The other major wartime allies Winona expenses in- 000 are MIG jet fighters. Our com- j have long since settled up for left- if in emergency manders dispose of approximately i over Jend-lease goods, aside from anci materlais ior flood pre- aircraft, of which approxi- i munitions, in accordance with their vention worit. mately half are jets of various i advance agreements i resolution, the Council types. points out commanders. Observers will be spotted in 27 states. They are Maine, New Hamp- shire, Vermont, Massachusetts, New York, New Jersey, Connecti- cut, Rhode Island, Pennsylvania, Delaware, Maryland, Virginia, Republicans will accept the and Republican leaders as eral's invitation. Among them, Kes- ler said, will be a majority of the 14 delegates and 14 alternates. 15 Pledged to Ike Of Colorado's 18 delegates, plane were picked up from the nave Pledged support to Eisenhow- sea by a small German freighter Ier. one to Stassen first and Eisen- __j i___ TT___... n_- t___i c tujn 'Paf t- MacArthur Free To Take Part In Politics WASHINGTON Army to- day ruled in effect that Gen. Doug-f ui _ las MacArthur is not subject to i but the search continued committed Wyoming delegates, re- and taken to Hangoe, Finland. Hunt Transport They had been searching for a Swedish transport DCS missing since Friday with eight men aboard. It was assumed here the Russians had shot down that craft (bower second, and two to Taft. Wyoming is divided. An Associ- ated Press survey showed six of the state's dozen delegates for Taft, two for Eisenhower and four un- committed. Earl Hanway, publisher of the Casper Tribune and one of the un- igan, Illinois, Wisconsin, Minnesota, Ore- gon and California. Elderly Couple Finally Married HAZLETON, Pa. 74-year- old bridegroom and his 68-year-old bride seemed like any other couple celebrating their marriage as they ate spaghetti and meatballs at a wedding party. But regulations banning political activ- ity by members of the Armed Forces. The Army didn't mention MacAr- thur by name, but it issued a state- I ment discussing the status of five- istar generals which made Mac- Arthur's status clear. j The Army said that when "offi- icers holding this rank are not as- signed any duties, they are con- sidered to be in a status similar to retired officers and, therefore not today. o I ported that more than half the A Swedish Air Force spokesman deiegates were planning to attend subject to the prohibitions of A.R. I step toward socialized medicine. May Change Rules The measure would allow tha federal security car Ewing has that make rules covering the medical exam- inations of persons claiming total and permanent disability so they may benefit from the freeze pro- vision. Rep. Reed fR-NY) paced the op- position, arguing that the provision would give Ewing too much control over the medical profession. Doughton denied that the mea- sure has anything to do with so- cialized medicine which, he told the House, he "will never be for." Sen. Brewster Beaten by Votes in Maine By W. C. LANGZETEEL PORTLAND, Me. UP] Owen Brewster, the Senate's fifth rank- ing Republican, was defeated yes- Jumped By Reds by Gov. The captain the Swedish plane j attended a private dinner there Frederick G. Payne by votes announced early today that all aircraft participating in the con- tinuing search have been supplied the conference. Tomorrow, Oregon and Arizona Republican leaders have been in- with jet fighter escort. He said the j to lalk wilh Eisenhower. fighters had been told to return! No such visits are fU! lf c I Thursday but Friday groups from Some furious Swedes, jeer-1 Montana Wasbjngton and Idaho ing, shouting -We will see Stalin are slated {or appearances at Ike's and "Down with the com- headquarters, mumstic demon-1 Eisenhower took his first day of strated in front of the Russian Em-1 resl yesterday since returning to bassy last night in protest against tne United States But it was a ir'c itiiot j day that would tax the average yesterday's attack. (person's strength. The government handed Russian j 600-10 relating to political activi- j Ambassador Constatine Rodinov He appeared at a breakfast of ties." protest'' against this "act journa] editor bdd f i staff conferences, played a round punishment of _those responsible of at the tough chen.y HiUs for the outrage Country Club course, where he MacAi-thur's status had been widely discussed since he was se- lected as keynote speaker for the Republican national convention in Chicago next month. The five-star _ i has 0Penly supported Sen. said he was jumped by the two j given for him and a few friends Taft of Ohio for the Re- and Sophia Tombascolmbriac said Publican Presidential nomination. The Communists have never willin; thrown their entire fighter and j naval bomber forces into the air battle boats at one time, as they would in a major offensive. Among the Amer- ican fighters, only the F-86 can meet the MIG on better than equal terms, and Gen. 0. P. Weyland is already using his F-8G winjjs at full stretch. In recent months, more- over, the advantage of the F-86 over the MIG has been diminish- ing. Formerly the American fight- er surpassed the Russian in its electronic controls, rate of dive and rapidity of fire. All these defects have been remedied in newer models of the MIG that have recently appeared in the Korean air. Hence the Ameri- can advantage, even in F-86- MIG combats, now mainly rests on the better training of our pilots. Finally and most important of all. the MIGs, with their short range and their bases beyond the Yalu. have only been able to reach central Korea with exterior fuel tanks, while our planes can range northward from their for- ward bases. But most of these vit- al American forward airbases are in the region of Seoul, only 60 miles behind the battleline. And any enemy break-through that caused these bases to change hands, even if it failed to disor- ganize Gen. James A. Van Fleet's ground defense in defitii, would au- tomatically alter the whole balance of the air battle. The threatening alteration of the climate in Moscow, the concern about Korea displayed by yie wise Winston Churchill, have lately con- centrated attention on such un- pleasant facts as the foregoing. For the first time since the first Korean aggression, there is a feel- ing abroad that the Soviets may be contemplating another major move. Assembly Church in SoVlet fighters about 60 miles off and newsmen by Colorado Gov. the Soviet-held Estonian Coast, in an area where the Russians are Dan Thornton, and dropped in later on a local meeting of Sigma Delta to turn back are and Their famijies ammged for_____ vessels, mostly torpedo I {Continued on Page 3, Column 4.) to be Married back in their Italian COUNCIL hometown. and air maneuvers. nity. Six of the plane crew were flown high Air Force officials. The sev- enth, who had been shot in the Atomic Engine Set For Supercarrierr Newspaper Reports NEW YORK The Daily News said today it was informed that designs for an atomic engine to drive a supercarrier at a speed of 50 knots have been perfected and the Navy hopes to start build- ing the ship late in 1952 or early less act- enraging the whole in 1953. 'i nauon- reported to be holding vast sea I Chi, professional journalism frater- Lot of Scary Talk back to Stockholm last-night to In a brief talk at the Sigma appear before an inquiry board of i Delta Chi meeting, he said there is no more reason to fear the Rus- sians "than there is to fear poly- in Maine's closest, most vicious primary in almost 30 years. The total vote in yesterday's bal- loting was a record the GOP and Democratic Senate bids. The old record was in 1940. whose turbulent politi- cal career goes back to the early 1920s, had no immediate comment. An unofficial tabulation gave Payne 68.485 votes to Brewster's arm, remained in a Hangoe hos- wogs swimming down a muddy Only eight of 625 precincts pital. i creek." j were out and they have but a hand- Editorials in Stockholm news- f There is a lot of "scary talk papers of all political shades bit-1 about he said, "but I do terly assailed the Russian attack not believe every Russian is 14 as and I feet high." of votes. In Office Barring Upset Barring a tremendous upset no Democrat has won a raajor office 'ruthless terrorism." The American people, working j since 1934 the 51-year-old Payne The Socialist Morgon-Tidningen, j together, can conquer all the prob- wiH win again in the first-in-the- mouthpiece of the government, de- scribed it as a "cruel and sense- North Korean Prisoners huddle under barbed wire as they are transported from one compound to another on Koje Island. They are surrounded by guards off either side of the road. Today the Allied Command moved Red POWs out of four large compounds without any opposition. The meekness of the prisoners left no doubt that Brig. Gen. Haydon L. Boatner had gained unchallenged control over the prisoners who only last week ran their compound unhindered and defied their captors. (AP Wirephoto to The Republican- Herald) This new carrier would be of the Forrestal class, a Wash- ington dispatch to the News by Jerry Greene said. It would carry about one-third more planes than the largest pres- ent ships and, "with its little ball of plutonium as could re- main at sea almost indefinitely without refueling, the story said, adding: The Navy has asked Congress for one more big carrier per year for the next 10 years and, it was reported, believes the atomic en- gine will be ready for the job to be laid down in fiscal 1954. i Regardless of what might hap- i pen -in the way of appropriations and developments, the News was told, the carrier atomic engine will be ready for installation not later than fiscal 1955. Present carriers admittedly can top 30 knots for a prolonged per- iod and can go faster if they have to. But they require vast space for fuel and have to be accompinied by fleet oilers. The atomic engine, with pluto- mium running a boiler to drive tur- jjines, would save more than a giurd of the space in a conventional Nship, eliminate the necessity for "Sweden will not allow herself to be pushed the Liberal Stockholms-Tidningen said. Describing the incident as a "part of a ruthless terror cam- the Liberal Dagens Ny- heter expressed confidence that the government would "not resign itself to this reign of terror in international waters." Search Continues For Missing Plane DBS MOINES IB-Civil Air Pa- trol planes from four Midwest states continued their search today for a Danville, 111., couple missing on a flight from Albert Lea, Minn., to Danville. The couple, Nagle C. Humble and his wife Helen, have been unheard from since leaving Albert Lea last Thursday in their yellow Fairchild airplane. Capt. Scott Johnson of the Fourth Air Rescue Squadron, said a heavy concentration of aircraft was sent over Southwestern Wisconsin yes- terday after a man reported hear- lems that face the nation, the gen- eral said. "If we are deserving of the heri- tage of freedom, there is no more reason to fear 190 million back- ward people, living on the Eurasian continent, surrounded by captive and recalcitrant states, than there is to fear polywogs swimming down a muddy he said. In his earlier off-the-cuff address to the American Agriculture Edi- tors Association he voiced tentative approval to a Midwestern Repub- lican farm proposal calling for fed- eral crop supports without controls on prices or production. He said the plan, originating in Iowa and backed by GOP farm leaders from 10 Midwestern states, looked good. But he said he wanted nation Sept. S election. His Democratic foe will be Roger P. Dube, 30, a surprise primary winner over Earl S. Grant, to Grant was the 1950 guber- natorial candidate. Not until practically every vote was in would Payne admit that he had won. "I feel better be said and issued a victory statement thanking the voters for "a great tribute." The affable, personable Payne came to the governorship in 1943 after a varied business and politi- cal career. He had been a news- boy, theater manager, accountant, mayor of Augusta, state finance commissioner and Army finance officer in World War II. Brewster, at 63, has been in the i to discuss it further with farm Senate 12 years. He also was gov. I experts. WEATHER FEDERAL FORECAST Winona and to- night and -Wednesday. Not much change in temperature. n LOCAL WEATHER Official observations for the 24 hours ending at 12 m. today: Maximum, 81; fleet oilers and furnish a vastly ing a plane circling over Seneca, greater amount of power. I Wis., last Thursday afternoon. ernor and congressman for six years. He was last chairman of the Senate's World War II investigat- ing committee originally headed by President Truman and also was on the committee that probed Pearl Harbor. He supports Ohio's Sen. Taft for the presidency; Payne is an Eisen- hower man, but the presidential angle didn't figure in the primary fight. What brought out the bitterness 1; minimum 58; I in their contest was a legislative ipitation, .15; sun committee probe into charges oit noon, 83; precipitation sets tonight at sun rises to- morrow at Additional weather OB Page 19. graft and influence-peddling in the state liquor monopoly. Both, men were mentioned.