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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - June 14, 1952, Winona, Minnesota Generally Fair, Continued Rather Warm and Humid Chiefs vs. Waseca Sunday Night KWNO AM-FM VOLUME 51, NO. 101 FIVE CENTS PER COPY WINONA, MINNESOTA, SATURDAY EVENING, JUNE 14, 1952 FOURTEEN PAGES TODAY Who's Real Republican In South? By JOSEPH and STEWART ALSOP WASHINGTON Having steam- rollered the huge pro-Eisenhower majorities in Texas and other southern states, the campaign strategists of Sen. Robert A. Taft are preparing to legitimize this feat at Chicago. Meanwhile, a great outcry is being raised that the southern men and women who voted for General of the Army Dwight D. Eisenhower were not "real Republicans." It is interesting to examine the tests for "real Republicans" pro- posed by Sen. Taft's national cam- paign manager, David Sinton In- gaDs. Ingalls has defended the Tex- as steam-roller by producing an advertisement run in the "Dallas Times Herald" before the Repub- lican precinct meetings that gave the Eisenhower people their Texan triumph. This advertisement invited pro- Eisenhower Democrats to attend the Republican precinct meetings, sign the pledge of loyal Republi- can allegiance and vote for their man. This was. as it happens, the legal way of electing delegates to the Republican county and state conventions in Texas. No one has disputed the fact that the pro-Eis- enhower majorities in the county and state conventions were chosen according to the law and the rules, although the pro-Taft state organ- ization disfranchised them. The Ingalls defense of rbii disfranchisement of the legal majority in Texas rests on a promise included in the pro- Eisenhower advertisement in Texas. The advertisement promised people who joined the Republican Party and voted in the Republican precinct meet- ings that they could also vote in the state Democratic pri- maries in Texas. According to Ingalls, this show- ed that the pro-Eisenhower con- verts to the Republican Party were not "real Republicans." But by these rules, the pro-Taft minor- ities were not "real Republicans" either. The reason for this lies in the pattern of Texas politics. In brief, the one-party system- in Texas, which the Eisenhower forces are fighting to destroy, ef- fectively prevents anyone from voting on state issues except in the state Democratic primary. Ev- en in the tiny, rather nasty private club which is the Old Guard Re- publican organization in Texas, a great many people still hanker to have some say about state affairs. Hence great numbers of the men and women Ingalls classes as "real Republicans" have made a prac- tice of voting in the state Demo- cratic primary for many years, without waiting for any advertised invitation to do so. Take the case of Dallas. One of Dallas county's pro-Taft delegates to the Republican National Con- vention, Joe C. Thompson Jr.. reg- istered to vote in the state Demo- cratic primary as recently as 1950. So did W. P. Luse, the Dal- las member of the state executive committee, who helped to nullify the Eisenhower majorities, and rig the Texas state convention for Taft. So did almost a score of the other old-guard Taft adherents who were seated as the "real Re- publican" representatives of Dallas County in the rigged state con- Atomic Engine Ready For Gen. Dwight D. Eisenhower, right, waves his hat to the crowd that greeted him upon his arrival at the railroad station in De- troit, Mich., today. Seated with the general is James B. Weber Jr., head of the Civic Reception Committee. Ike made a Flag Day speech at City Hall at noon and will make a longer speech to- night. (AP Wirephoto to The Republican-Herald) Concern About America Sole Object, Ike Says DETROIT Gen. Dwight D. Eisenhower dramatically tossed aside prepared texts for two addresses here today. The candidate for the Republican presidential nomination said that, instead of reading from a prepared text as he did in his homecoming address at Abilene, Kan., June 4, he intends here to answer questions that have been raised since his return to the United States from his European command assignment. Eisenhower declared today that his "basic concern for and love of America" is the sole basis for his quest of the Republican presiden- tial nomination. The five star general told a break- fast rally of supporters that "if this honest decent approach is not Tear Gas Routs 500 Prisoners In Koje Riot By ROBERT TUCKMAN .-KOJE. ISLAND, military police drove 500 defiant North Korean prisoners of war out of a compound with tear gas today, hauled away 15 leaders and lib- j states" erated 273 prisoners who said they that is all I can do." Eisenhower said he has torn up drafts of speeches bis advisers had two formal appearances here later in the day will answer questions which have arisen on issues of the day since his return to the United vention, and there named Thomp- son and the other pro-Taft dele- gates to Chicago. Affidavits show that these cryptij-Democratic tendencies of the Dallas County "real Re- publicans" are typical of "real Republicans" throughout Tex- as. Fort Worth, for example, had 57 "real Republicans" seated in the Republican state convention. Of these, no less than 24'were sinister cryptos, who registered for the state Democratic primaries two (Continued on Page 10, Column 1) ALSOPS were anti-Communists, Brig. Gen. Haydon L. Boatner's headquarters dismissed the inci- dents as minor. No casualties were reported. What He Believes The former North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) commander asserted dramatically that he is basing his campaign only on what he believes he has to offer to his Gromyko Named Russian Envoy To Great Britain Shakeup May Mean New Russ Approach To World Strategy MOSCOW Deputy For eign Minister Andrei A. Gromyko, famed for his deadpan walkouts at United Nations meetings, is Russia's new ambassador to Brit- ain, His appointment, announced last night by the Moscow government, climaxed a big shakeup of top level posts in the" Russian diplo- matic service. (In London, a British Foreign Office source suggested the sur- prise move may mean a new So- viet "peace offensive is on the way.) The Kremlin announcem'ent also confirmed earHer unofficial re- ports that Georgi Zarubin, Rus- sian envoy to London for more than five would become So- viet Ambassador to the United States. Boy Wonder He will take the place of Alexan- der Panyushkin, who has been transferred to head the big Rus- sian mission in Red China. The appointment of the poker- faced Gromyko to the London post is not necessarily a step down for the one-time boy wonder of Soviet diplomacy. By assigning Foreign Minister Andrei Y. Vishinsky's right-hand man to London, the Russians ap- parently are attempting to spot- light to the world the importance they place on relations with Brit- ain. .Gromyko, who is 43, was ap- pointed second in command to Vishinsky in 1949. Top Kremlin leaders are believed to have the greatest confidence in him. British Foreign Office source The third incident of the day fellow Americans, was touched off when an anti-Red "I am not a medicine man and j POW escaped a compound and I have no panacea for all our and said the 15" Red leaders had sen tenced him to death last night in a kangaroo court. Ordered Out American military police guard ing the compound then ordered al prisoners into a corridor between two compounds. The prisoners re fused. Twelve tear gas grenades were hurled into the barbed wire enclosure, forcing the Reds out. The POW who had escaped then pointed out the 15 prisoners he said tried him in a kangaroo court The 15 were hauled to a "maximum security" jail for questioning. The escaped prisoner also point ed out 87 other POWs he saic were lesser leaders. They were taken to another compound for interrogation. Camp officials told the prisoners that any who wanted to be sep arated as anti-Communist should step out, and 273 did. This raised to 783 the number of POWs who have declared them- selves anti Reds since last Tuesday. Military police guards hurled a dozen tear gas grenades into a compound at Enclosure Eight and forced 500 North Korean prisoners to stop a mass exercise drill and chanting prior to the authorized iour of 6 a.m. Russia Breaks Ties With Venezuela MOSCOW WV-Russia announced today that she has diplomatic relations with Venezuela. broken off A Soviet government statement published in all newspapers here said Russian diplomatic personnel in Caracas have Venezuelan Charge d'Affaires Luis Carrasqueros has been or- dered to leave Russia. The statement said that Vene- zuelan authorities arrested a So- viet Embassy employe and his wife when they arrived in Caracas recently and expelled them from the country despite the protest of the Soviet charge d'affaires L. V. Krylov. been .recalled. The Russian announcement also claimed that Venezuelan authori- ties committed against Krylov. hooligan actions The Venezuelan government an- nounced last night that it had severed relations with Moscow. Caracas officials gave the fol- lowing version of the incident that led to the rupture. Two Russians, Nikolai Yagous- chev and his wife, Alexandra, ar- rived Saturday from Mexico City. They claimed to be domestic ser- vants at the Soviet Embassy but their special passports listed them as couriers. While the two Russians were in the hands of the National Security police, Krylov and Soviet press attache Mihail Abialiev tried for- cibly to get past the guards to reach them. Venezuela protested to Moscow charging the two diplomats with "violent, aggressive and dis- respectful action" and demanded their immediate recall. Venezuelan Foreign Minis- ter Luis Emilio Gomez Ruiz said Russia had refused to receive the protest. he declared. "But I have a basic concern for and love of America. "If I make blunders, I hope my friends will excuse them. Such as I have is America's." Eisenhower, who was cheered by a crowd of about 500 persons when he arrived here on this sunny morning, "was to speak at .noon in Cadillac Square in a Flag Day address. He is scheduled for a major political talk at Olympia Stadium tonight. Dressed in a brown business suit, the general was introduced at the breakfast meeting as "Mr. Eisen- hower." Eisenhower told the group that some times he believed his mili- tary training was not as thorough as it might have been. "One of the principles of the military is never to be astonished and surprised and I am on the astonished and surprised he said. Quite a Chore Noting that two addresses had been arranged for him during the day, Eisenhower said: "For a simple fellow like myself that is quite a chore." He said he was amazed that so many people are interested "in the views I hold about today's life and problems." He said he was meet- ing Americans "and that is val- uable and instructive to all of .us." He said that he was scrapping all of his prepared talks and was 'going to try and make my answ- ers to questions show how I feel about them as a basic thing." The dramatic decision of the gen- eral to speak off the cuff was in- terpreted in some quarters as in- dicating he is restive about con- 'orming to the usual political prac- tices in campaigning. Ordinarily, major speeches such as he plans ;onight would be prepared long in advance and texts of them furnish- ed to reporters. By his decision Eisenhower will miss many early Sunday editions of newspapers and lose thereby the publicity value of greater circula- ion of his views. On the other land, his decision apparently was calculated to heighten interest in President Harry S, Truman grins happily as he signs his initials to the keel plate of the U.S.S. Nautilus, first atomic-powered submarine in his- tory, at Groton, Conn. Left to right behind the President are: John Jay Hopkins, president of the General Dynamics Corp.; 0. P. Robinson, general manager of the Electric Boat Division, and Daniel Kimball, Secretary of the Navy. (AP Wirephoto to The Republican-Herald) First Plates Welded For Atomic Sub By ELTON C. FAY AP Military Affairs Reporter GROTON, Conn. the United States hopes will be the worldX firsUatamic-engined taking shape today with the ceremgnial welding together of some ordinary- looking steel plates. President Truman journeyed up from the capital for an address to mark the beginning of a new era building technique have changed. A submarine now in the age-old history of warships. Formerly, this would have been a keel-laying ceremony but ship- and designs has no keel to lay. And a great deal of work already has been done toward de- signing the hull, gathering to- gether and fabricating material and starting work on a land-based experimental nuclear engine like that which will drive the new sub- marine Nautilus when she starts her first trial run sometime in 1954. The Navy assigned the job of building the hull of the radically new boat to a company which has been building submarines for more than half a century. Now called the General Dynamics Corporation, the original company launched the the trie motors driven from batteries. They can stay down only a matter of hours and their speed is limited. The solution to the problem has come in atomic energy. So' far, science has not discovered a way to apply directly the tremendous energy of nuclear fission. So it is being hooked to one of the oldest forms of motive power, steam, A nuclear reactor (an atomic furnace) produces heat which gen- erates steam just as does a fuel oil or coal fire. The steam spins a turbine and the turbine, through reduction gears, is linked to the propeller shafts. Fission of one pound of uranium releases energy equal to the com- bustion of tons of coal or the equivalent in fuel oil. Thus, an atomic-powered sub- marine will have not only vastly radio and television of his speech. transmission Today Flag Day NEW YORK is Flag Day, and marks the 175th anniver- sary of the adoption of the Stars and Stripes Congress. by the Continental ANDREI A. GROMYKO super-diplomatic mission to Lon- don. "It rather looks as if a new approach may be on the he commented, but declined further speculation. Gromyko served in Washington and at the United Nations as chief Russian delegate before his ap- pointment as deputy foreign min- ister. He has been pretty much out of the news since he led the Russian delegation from Moscow to the Japanese peace treaty conference in San Francisco last September. Zarubin had been Soviet ambas- sador to Britain since September, 1946, until his recall to Moscow last month. Before that he had been minister to Canada. .During his two-year stay in Ot- tawa, the Canadian government cracked a big Communist spy ring but an official investigation cleared Zarubin of charges that he led it. The new Soviet envoy to China is considered one of Russia's most able diplomats. Panyushkin spent five years in China before 1944 and takes to Peiping a broad knowl- edge of Western ways gained from his U. S. appointment. Repairs Delay Conrad Flight GOOSE BAY, Labrador Max Conrad's good will solo flight to Europe has been delayed. The 48-year-old father of 10 from Winona, Minn., landed here last night after an uneventful hop from Old Town, Me. But his tiny Piper Pacer needs minor repairs before heading across .the Atlantic. His plane carries fuel for 28 hours. first successful submarine, tne j power than any present Holland (named after John P. Hoi- submersible but its cruising range land, its designer) in 1896. will be virtually unlimited. The Nautilus, -when completed, Equally important, the atomic- is expected to be the first of its j engine can be used while the craft kind in the world. But there has i ;s submerged. It uses no air for been speculation that Russia, combustion. The atomic submarine ready believed to have the world's j can take all its huge power below largest submarine fleet, may be j the surface and travel, deep down, experimenting along similar lines, j at speeds perhaps as great as 35 At below-snoricel depth, today's faster than the 16 or 18 submarine must cut off its power- knots of even the best of today s ful diesel engines and rely on elec-' submersibles. _____ 400 Homeless, Town Destroyed By Quebec Fire ST. URBAIN, Quebec A fire wiped out three-quarters of this eastern Quebec village and left more than 400 persons homeless before volunteer fighters brought it under control last night. No serious casualties were re- ported, however. Relief supplies were sent in an Army truck con- voy from Quebec city, 65 miles to the west. The fire which started in a res- taurant, whipped through 50 build- ings, including stores, homes, a hotel and a bank. A shift in the wind saved the parish church and a convent. Scores of villagers flocked to St. Urbain from other towns to help fight the fire but were hindered by a shortage of water and lack of fire fighting equipment. WEATHER FEDERAL FORECAST Winona and fair tonight and Sunday. Continu- ed rather warm and humid. Low tonight 66, high Sunday 85. LOCAL WEATHER Official observations for the 24 hours ending at 12 m. today: Maximum, 78; minimum, 64; noon, 86; precipitation, .14; sun sets tonight at sun rises to- morrow at Additional weather on Page 10. Fight for Strong U. S. Civil Right; Controls Renewed by Truman WASHINGTON President Truman's renewed insistence on a civil rights program backed by the full force and power of the federal government today added new fuel to the already controver- sial presidential campaigns. His spirited attack on "racial discrimination and prejudice" yes- terday in a commencement address at Howard University, a Negro' in-, stitution, brought immediate but mixed reaction from congressmen, even among those of his own party. "I am not one of those who feel that we can leave these matters up to the states alone, or that we can rely solely on the efforts of men of good Truman told an audience estimated by univer- sity officials at "Our federal government must live up to its ideals professed in our Declaration of Independence and the duties imposed on it by our Constitution. The full force and power of the federal government must stand behind the protection of rights guaranteed by our fed- eral Up to States legislation should be left up to the states. He's still playing politics with this (civil rights) Sen. El- lender (D-La) said of the address. Sen. McClellan (D-Ark) said the speech is "not calculated to pro- mote harmony either within the a Senate committee he favored organizing Negroes into units of 40 or 50 the armed forces. At the time he spoke out against complete segregation, and yesterday he went further, saying that after the war he had fought for integration of Negroes, but that Truman Speaks At Laying of Democratic party or among races." the I the general staff didn't pay much attention to his suggestions. Sen. Mundt (R-SD) said "this issue could split and defeat the Democrats hopelessly in the elec- tions." But Sen. Lehman a long-time advocate of strong civil rights laws, said "I'm on the plat- form committee for the national convention and I'm going to cite this speech and fight for strong, specific platform planks for" a FEPC law with teeth in it, and the entire program outlined by Presi- dent Although Truman did not men- tion by name Gen. Dwight D. Ei- senhower, a leading candidate for the Republican presidential nom- ination, he took what seemed to be a thinly-veiled dig at him. The President said experience has exploded a contention by Most of the candidates of both j "some of our greatest generals" parties have taken the position that a Fair Employment Practices Com- mission poll tax repeal, anti-lynching laws and other such that White and Negro troops could riot be fully integrated into the armed forces. Eisenhower four years ago told In his speech yesterday, Truman called for adoption of the full civil rights program he laid before Con- gress in 1948. It was this issue that split the Democratic party in the 1948 convention and later in the election. "Our country is founded on the proposition that all men are crea- ted Truman said. "This means that they should be equal before the law. They should enjoy political rights. And they should have equal opportunities for educa- tion, employment and decent liv- ing conditions." He did not mention Gen. Douglas MacArthur, but he said pointedly that the "progressive integration" of Negroes into white units in the Far East was ordered by Mac- Arthur's successor, Gen. Matthew B. Ridgway. And ie any mention of a similar order recently was is- sued by the European Command at the direction of the secretary of the army. Raps Ike and Economy-Cutting Congressmen GROTON, Conn. Ufi President Truman disclosed today that a "full-size, working" atomic engine for submarines is almost complet- ed for test runs. The President gave out the news in an address prepared for de- livery at the ceremonies here in connection with the laying of the keel for the nation's first atomic powered submersible, the Nautilus. At the same time he hit out hard at what he called dangerous efforts to sell the American people on the idea that there is "some cut-rate, bargain-counter route" to national security. And he swung a punch at Gen. Dwight D. Eisenhower, one of the front-running candidates for the Republican presidential nomina- tion. He said he had heard the other day that "somebody" was talking about a 40 billion dollar tax cut That was an obvious reference to a statement attributed to the gen- eral. Half Enough Money Truman commented that "poli- tics does funny things to people who are seeking office and critici- zed "passion for economy regard- less of the consequences" which he said is rampant in Congress. With reference to the 40 billion dollar tax cut idea he said: "That would leave us with only about half enough money to sup- port our forces even if we didn't have a penny for anything else." Gordon Dean, chairman of the Atomic Energy Commission, ap- peared along with the chief execu- tive at the formal start of con- struction on the Nautilus, specially designed to operate with nuclear fission power. Dean asserted in his prepared speech that "this submarine is going to work. "And when it does work it is going to be the forerunner of a new era, not only in naval warfare, but in the history of he added. Use He emphasized that this is the first practical utilization of atomic power in such manner and he said the implications for defense and human welfare "are enormous." Truman, taking somewhat the same angle, asserted: "The power plant that will go in- to this atomic powered submarine is not just being planned on paper. The Atomic Energy Commission and the Navy have actually gone out and built a submarine hull on dry land at Arco, Idaho. They are putting into it a full-size, working engine, complete in all the same kind of engine that will be used in this ship. 'That engine on dry land is al- most complete right now. Soon they will start it running and give it the most thorough tests. And, believe it or not, when they are through working with that model it will be perfectly possible to hitch it up to turn out electricity like any other dry land power plant." Unless it was the disclosure of the stage of development reached .n perfecting the atomic engine, the Truman text did not show just what was back of an unusual sec- recy rule the Truman text. Usually such speeches are given out at least hours in ad- days. But this one was withheld until the Presi- dent's train, on the way here from Washington, had left New Haven, Conn. Aides cautioned reporters against expecting anything earth-shaking but said it was an important ad- dress whose contents they did not want known far in advance. Truman said widespread use of atomic power is still years away but with this vessel, "we are mak-- ing a giant stride ahead." He said the United States has no love for war and that he hopes and prays with all his heart that the day will never come again "when we have to use the atomic bomb." he added.< "I pray that this ship, first, atomic submarine, will never have an enemy to fight. I hope she will r be tied up some day as an historic relic of a threat of war long: passed." The President referred to the two Connecticut Brien Me-, Mahon and William Benton, in glowing terms and commented that McMahon is doing as much to keep the United States on the right road as any man in the Senate. He said the thing he admires; most about Benton, who is up for reelection this year, is his courage, referring to Benton's move to oust Sen. McCarthy (R-Wis) from the Senate.
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