Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - June 13, 1952, Winona, Minnesota Showers Tonight, Generally Fair Saturday Afternoon SEND YOUR LETTERS BY AIRMAIL VOLUME 52, NO. 100 FIVE CENTS PER COPY WINONA, MINNESOTA, FRIDAY EVENING, JUNE 13, 1952 EIGHTEEN PAGES TODAY Russ Planes Spy On America By JOSEPH and STEWART ALSOP WASHINGTON Another of those moments has come which most people in this country have hopefully believed never would come, even though their coming was logically inevitable. In brief, the active reconnais- sance of this continent by the So- viet equivalent of a wing of TU- 4s, or perhaps two wings, moved into new bases on Kamchatka, across the Bering Strait from Alaska. Since then, the air recon- naissance has been going forward. Four claimed contrails, which are the vapor trails left by air- craft flying at altitude, have been sighted in recent months. Of these claimed sightings, two have been dismissed after careful investiga- tion as probably the result of spe-1 cial atmospheric conditions and cloud effects. But two others, one j on the north Alaskan coast and one in northern Canada, are held to have been the genuine traces of Soviet air reconnaissance mis- sions. And the Alaskan sighting, at least, is further held to have been confirmed by the evidence of I the radar net. More Information Needed This development both is and is not a cause for deep concern. To begin with the sedative arguments, this air reconnaissance of our con- tinent which the Soviets have now started is only the equivalent of what we have been doing for some time past. Our long-range aircraft have been flying reconnaissance operations on the Siberian coast since before Korea: and they have gone in far enough for intercep- tion to be attempted on more than one occasion. Equally, there can be very little doubt that the Navy Privateer shot down over the Bal- tic a couple of years ago was also on reconnaissance duty. j In the case of the best-confirm-1 ed Soviet venture into our that in northern is; even some doubt about whether j the Russian four-motored bomber passed the off-shore line where itj had a right to fly. For the So- viet strategic air force to occupy bases in Kamchatka and to fly Troops-to-Europe When Gusty Winds Swept the baseball park at Cold Springs, Minnesota while Cold Springs Catholics were recently holding 100th anniversary ceremonies on founding of the St. Cloud diocese, Benedictine nuns took refuge in the players' dug- The mass was said in memory of Father Francis X. Pierz, a French priest who entered the territory in 1852. (AP Wirephoto to The Re- publican-Herald) Taft Working For Delaware's 12 Delegates reconnaissance from them along our coasts is just as reasonable as for us to fly reconnaissance from Alaskan and other forward bases. In short, even though Cana- dian territory was certainly violat- ed if the second probable sighting genuine, there is nothing im- mediately warlike in this new de- velopment. On the other hand, the develop- ment is a grim warning; and it is reasonable to be concerned be- cause the warning is not being acted on. What has happened plainly indicates the growing size and power of the Soviet strategic air force. It suggests that this So- By TOM BRADSHAW WILMINGTON, Del. W) Sen. Roert A. Taft turned his full at- j tention toward Delaware's 12- member Republican delegation to- day in his pre-convention swing through the Middle Atlantic belt. The Ohio candidate for the GOP presidential nomination was sched- uled to meet with the Delaware group at the farm of former U.S. Senator C. Douglass Buck, near Wilmington, after coming here from New York. House Gets Bill To Extend Controls By WARREN ROGERS JR. WASHINGTON House today had two bills to continue ex- piring wage-price-rent controls, one passed by the Senate and the other approved by its own House Banking Committee. The government's present authority for all anti-inflation curbs ex- The Senate-bill, passed 58 to 18 and sent to the House yester- day, would extend this power eight months to next Feb. 28. It also would add a full June 30, authority for credit checks and allocation of scarce materials to industry. The House legislation, a one-year extension to June 30, 1953, was French Air Force Blasts Vietminh HANOI, Indochina ITI The From Delaware, Taft plans to i French Air Force blasted the Corn- visit the Republican delegations of i munist-led Vietminh main supply Virginia, Maryland and Pennsyl-1 line with Red China today in the last two of particular I biggest mass aerial assault since importance at the moment along 1 the outbreak of hostilities six years with Michigan because of reports'ago. will almost surelv be Fine viet air force 5 not a Vrea< to that Pennsylvania's Gov. John S. Fifty-four fighters and 20 Am- Viet air lorce, u not a UJKCU 10. IQ organize a erican-supplied B-26 bombers roar- l bloc of dele-1 ed over colonial route number I three, blasting all spans and fords before very long. We probably have a little time left to put our own air defenses in order. But this is the beginning of an ending. And if we do not use this time Eyes on Others i used by the Vietminh for trans- Taft said last con-1 porting war equipment and sup- ferring with New York and New I plies received from China. Jersey he would j The planes showered high explo- reported favorably by a 15 to 3 banking committee vote. But it would end all curbs on consumer and real estate credit, a point at odds with the one-year extension of credit restrictions voted by the Senate. In final action on the measure last night, the committee added no major provisions which had not previously been approved. Its most important action reportedly was a new provision, adopted 17 to 5, to drop a price regulation requiring certain reports from dealers who sell at below-ceiling prices. Red Prisoner Resistance on Koj'e Broken Communists in Six Compounds Transferred By ROBERT B. TUCKMAN KOJE ISLAND, Korea Gen. Haydon L. Boatner indicated j today the resistance of Koje Is- land's once-defiant Red war prisoners has been broken. 'The thing here actually is the tough prison camp com- mander told reporters after three more prisoner compounds bowed meekly to United Nations author- ity. Six of Koje's 17 stockades of stubborn, Red-led prisoners have been emptied during Boatner's op- eration breakup. Inmates of a sev- enth today signified willingness to obey orders. Boatner was assigned to crack led rule of the enclosures after 3OWs seized his predecessor, Brig. Gen. (now Col.) Francis Dodd, last month. TiWiferred About prisoners have been lispersed into smaller stockades of 500 each, or transferred to new iens to await completion of small ir enclosures. The 17 original com lounds held up to or more in mates each. Boatner said about prison rs eventually will be moved from <oje to other islands off Korea. Gen. Dwight D. Eisenhower, candidate for Republican presi- dential nomination, waves to a crowd from his car at Gettysburg, Pa., public square today as he came to his nearby farm to confer with Pennsylvania's delegates for support. At his side is Pennsyl- vania Gov. John S. Fine, leader of the state delegation. (AP Wire- photo to The Republican-Herald) n ve o no use s me which we still haw tn thl limit1 meet the Maryland delegates on I sive bombs, hitting bridges and rip- The Senate action was swift af- of our Capacities: the d-ineer will Monda.y and the Virginia group Ping big gaps in the hiehwav. jter efforts.to tack on amendments be upon us before our defenses are prepared, Poverty of Defenses of the poverty of our lings are planned in Pennsylvania, i one in the eastern part of the I dates have been sot yet, he said. Taft's rovMe of though the rate of investment w that seven of the delegates vitally necessary air-borne early TaA and four Eittww Still more im-1 The )atest Associated Press poll the Delaware delegates showed six for Taft, four for Eisenhower and two still uncommitted. portant the heart of a modern air defense sys- the costly complex of dif- ferent types of guided missiles which are just now being perfect- ed. And even the production of night fighter-interceptors is being cruelly slowed by low priorities. A previous series of reports in this space presented the o: this huge problem. In brief, a spurt of progress with such guided mis- siles as the Army's has suddenly made it possible to build a truly effective American air de- fense. But even '''Nike" has not yet been ordered in very great quantities. And no effort is being made to speed production of the other promising missiles, Air Force and Navy as well as Army designed, which will also be need ed. Essentially, this is because an all-out effort to build a truly effec- tive American air defense will de- mand additional capital outlays of somewhere between billion and Slo billion. The congressional ap- proach to the defense budget al- ready shows the clearest signs of election year madness; and no one wants to talk about large new pro- grams which have not been ab- solutely tested. The trouble is that if an all-out effort is delayed for another year, the completion of the air defense of this country will also be delayed by a year. I state and one in the west, but no more than tons of war equip- i nient and supplies a month. Tom Gooch, Dallas Publisher, Dies DALLAS Tom C. Gooeh publisher of the Dallas Times Her aid, died at his home early todaj after an illness of seven weeks He was 72. His wife survives. As president and editor-in-chie: of the Times Herald, Gooch had guided the destiny of the news paper and its radio station, KRLD since the death of its founder, Ed win J. Kiest, in 1941. ping big gaps in the highway. Route three has long been the I bearing on the steel strike were chief Vietminh link with China, I abandoned. The bill as it stands over which they have been getting contains a request to President Truman that he invoke the 80-day anti-strike injunction provisions of the Taft-Hartley law in the steel dispute. The Senate measure Bad Omens About Friday the 13th don't bother Janice Heidel- berger, Minneapolis. Janice is IS.years old today and just to prove she's not afraid of the hex number she smiles at her street ad- dress, 1313 57th Ave. N., Minneapolis. (AP Wirepnoto to The Re- publican-Herald) j would continue control authority about as is, but for eight months instead of the two years the Presi- dent had asked. The House version is for one year. This and any other conflict between the two bills would have to be worked out at a Senate- House conference, if the House ap- proves the banking committee version. The WSB, under the change, could enter a labor controversy only if both sides asked and if the Federal Mediation Service said all its remedies had failed. Also, its powers would be limited to wage and other money issues. It would not, for example, recom- mend the controversial union shop, which requires all of a company's employes to join the union repre- senting them in bargaining nego- tiations. Ed Ryan Files For Governor ST. PAUL Ryan, Henne- )in County sheriff, filed today for he Democratic Farmer Labor nomination for governor. Ryan, defying superstition by iling on Friday, the 13th, became the first major candidate to op- pose Orville L. Freeman, Minne- apolis, endorsed by the DFL con- 'ention. Freeman has not filed 'et, Born on Friday the 13th, in 896, Ryan said he had no fear of uperstition. and had intended to iome to the state capital with a ilacfc cat and riding in a 1316 mod- el T Ford. The model T was flood- d out by the rain and he didn't ave the cat. Two compounds containing some if the most fanatical prisoner, ielded to transfer today. A third ent Boatner word its prisoners 'ould move when he ordered. Eoatner said he was pleased wit! 16 orderly transfer of North forean officers and non-coms from ompound 66, which had been con idered a possible trouble spot. The risoners sang Communist songs s they marched five abreast in olumns of 150 between shoulder' o-shoulder rows of British and Ca- adian guards. The inmates of compound 00 North Korean war crimes sus- were moved peacefully. And the North Korean ci- lian and pro-Communist South orean internees of turbulent com- pound 62 sent word they were ready to follow orders. This is where 82 prisoners and one Amer ican soldier were killed in a riot Feb. 18. Boatner indicated the North Korean prisoners of compound 85 may be moved next. A tank infan- try team forced removal of propa- ganda signs and flags there last week. Leaders of 85 today were shown the ruins of compound 76, the first to be a cost of 39 prisoner lives. Knives Found Intelligence officers found large quantities of knives', 200 to 300 homemade spears and homemade jgas masks in emptied compound generally 55. Several tents had world with Communist countries in red and the rest of the world in white. One tent had an elaborate ar- rangement of wires. Intelligence officers assumed the POWs had a radio there. A search for bodies' was on in the evacuated stockades.. The muti- lated remains of 16 North Korean prisoners were dug up in a com- pound emptied Wednesday. They were victims of the iron discipline Red POW leaders maintained with torture, kangaroo courts and mur der. Since operation breakup started Tuesday, 488 prisoners have es caped from this dur- ing marches between enclosures. The largest break came yester- day. Some North Korean captives were being marched down a dusty road to a new compound. As the group turned right, 399 prisoners turned left, whipped ofl their red-starred caps and walked into the protection of U. S. infan- trymen. Other prisoners scaled barbed wire fences, or held back from their groups to ask guards to sep- arate them from the Communists. WEATHER FEDERAL FORECAST Winona and ble cloudiness tonight. Local thun- dershowers, ending early Saturday foren'oon. Generally fair Saturday afternoon. No important change in temperature. Low tonight 62, high Saturday 84. LOCAL WEATHER Official observations for the 24 Ike Woos Fine at Gettysburg Picnic By LEONARD A. UNGER GETTYSBURG, Pa. Dwight D. Eisenhower provided a picnic atmosphere today for the job of wooing Gov. John S. Fine and the pivotal Pennsylvania Republican delegation into his presidential camp. The five-star general threw open his 189-acre farm on the fringe of this historic Civil War battleground for a shirt-sleeves outing with the Keystone State's 70 delegates and their alternates. Eisenhower's first face-to-face meeting with the bulk of the dele- gation will follow a pattern he adopted in New York. That is, of- fering himself for questioning on issues involved in the presidential race. Although newsmen have been in- vited to the farm, they have been asked to leave during the ques- tioning. J-Minute Talk Eisenhower is expected also to give a five-minute talk to the ;ownspeople here before the dele- [ate meeting gets underway. Former Russian Envoy to U.S. Sent to China MOSCOW Russia today an nounced her fourth major diplo- matic switch abroad in two weeks. Fine, a key figure in the GOP The Soviet Union named Alex" president-picking picture, so far is ander Panyushkin, former ambas- mcommitted to any candidate. Aisador to Washington, as her am poll of the delegation which he bassador to Communist China heads shows 20 favoring Eisenhow- 1 r, 18 for Sen. Robert A. Taft of now ii nn hi o follow Fine's leadership. In China he will replace Gen. The Pennsylvania governor ar-1 Nikolai Vassilievich Roschin. News- for the politicking picnic at he request of Eisenhower leaders, also will arrange similar meet- ngs in behalf of Taft. Backgrounding the picnic meet- ng is a report that Fine is a party o negotiations to weld the Penn- ylvania, Michigan and Maryland papers here reported that Roschin is being relieved from his duties, which have kept him in China since 1948, first as an envoy to Chiang Kai-shek's Nationalist .gov- ernment and later to the victorious Red regime. The appointment of Panyushkin .eiegations into a harmony bloc j to Peiping came as a surprise to with potent voice in picking the foreign diplomats in Moscow. They -OP nrocMontial OP presidential nominee. Gov. Theodore McKeldin hours ending at 12 ra. today: Maximum, 77; minimum, 61; noon, 67; precipitation, .76; sun sets tonight at sun rises to- morrow at Additional weather on page 13. Maryland said last night he al eady has been approached on the reposition, ostensibly by a Fine missary. The Pennsylvania gov- rnor has disclaimed knowledge of le plan. Eisenhower leaves here tonight i for a major speech in Detroit) tomorrow. j Fine has said he will not make j public his preference for the Re- publican presidential nomination until the Chicago convention. After the Pennsylvania delega- tion meets with both Eisenhower and Taft, Fine said, "I will sit down and counsel with them and all of us will come to a conclusion as to whom we will support." Write-in for Taft Taft received a write-in vote of Eisenhower was questioned yes- terday by more than 100 Republi- can convention delegates and prom I portant job in the foreign office here. s Senator Wants Congress Given Deciding Power Fight Develops Over Meaning of New German Pact By CHARLES F. BARRETT WASHINGTON Hicken- looper (R-Iowa) today announced a new drive to ban sending troops to Europe without the consent of Congress. As East-West tension increased in Germany, Hickenlooper said a strong effort will be made to write such a reservation into Senate ap- proval of peace treaties with West Germany. The Iowa senator, a member of the Foreign Relations Committee, told a reporter he believed the treaties could be interpreted ax giving the President power to send more troops abroad at will. Chairman Connally (D-Tex) of the Senate Foreign Relations Com- mittee said the treaties carry no such provision or implication. He added the German pactn should not be used to revive the troops-for-Europe issue, subject of tie three-month "great debate" in the Senate last year. Sen. Wiley senior Re- publican on the committee, agreed with Connally. Collin, Cilltd The Foreign Relations Commit- tee today called Gen. J. Lawton Collins, Army chief of staff, for its fourth day of hearings on treaties. The committee expects to conclude sessions next Tuesday or Wednesday and send the pacts to the Senate floor before July 7. The treaties would end the Allied occupation of West Germany restore almost full sovereignty. to that nation. They would bring West Germany into a single-uniform Eu- ropean army, tied closely to the North Atlantic Pact forces now headed by Gen. Matthew B. Ridj- way. They must be ratified by nations involved. The administration is teekinf prompt Senate approval in the hopes this would set an for the legislative bodies of European countries. The Senate was locked in bitter argument for months last year over whether the President could send more troops to Europe with- out congressional approval. The Senate finally passed a reso- lution approving the sending of four more divisions, as planned by President Truman, but indicated the Senate preferred that congres- sional consent would be required to send any more. Six now are stationed in Europe. Ntw As new debate on the loomed, Communists clamped tight "security zone" around Ber- lin. Police were ordered to shoot to kill violators. Hickenlooper said the proposed reservation on the troops issue would provide that the treaties in no way authorize the President to send American troops to an inter- national army without the consent of Congress. He said this would be more bind- ing upon the President than last year's Senate resolution because it would be, in effect, a condition to putting the treaties into operation. Calmness Called Key To Long, Useful Life By ALTON L. BLAKESLEE get angry and shout. All you do is Associated Science Reporter CHICAGO key for long life comes from Dr. Morris Fish- bein, one of the busiest men in the nation. raise your own blood pressure, not the other fellow's. "Don't get crowded. Take things one at a time. Accept disturbances and annoyances as they are. Don't The key is imperturbability, or j tear yourself apart because you calmness. Plus five should keep low. inent party members from New Jersey. He told them in New York that 'he decision to partition Germany into separate zones of occupation was taken against his advice. The situation left Berlin cut off inside Russian territory. He also said: He would have invoked the Taft-Hartley Act in the steel strike dispute. 2. He considers the seizure of he steel industry by President Truman to have been illegal. 3. Taking Gen. Matthew Ridg- way's conception as his own, he "definite answer" to the of ending the war in lees no problem iorea. 4. He would not favor bombing ieyond the Yalu river, the accepted boundary, between "orea. China and Dr. Fishbein is editor, author, lecturer, traveler, adviser, with perhaps a half dozen to a dozen projects going at one time. Today at the American Medical Associa- tion convention he took time he always seems to have to tell secrets for health and long life. In London, he began, he was talking with Lord Horaer, as fa- mous in British melicine as Fish- bein is here. Dr. Fishbein con- gratulated Lord Border on looking so well and being so active at 82. "Lord Horder asked me, 'how old are "I'm 62, I said. He leaned over the table and felt my pulse, 'You will live to be 100." I replied, And lord Horder said, 'Because you have imperturbability.' "I've practiced imperturbability since I was 16, I told him. I think a person can practice it." How do you become imperturb- able? "Avoid raising your voice. Don't things you are not succeeding in some given effort. "Don't avoid meet it with equanimity. "Don't argue with stupidity. Walk away from arguments over futile or trivial matters. But I would hate to see a world where everyone walked away from argu- ments that produced facts by discussion." Dr. Fishbein, whose fame rests partly upon his energetic and sometimes stormy years as former editor of the AMA Journal, then recited "the five lows" for health and longer life. 1. Low blood pressure. 2. Low pulse rate. 3. Low basal metabo- lism, or rate of bodily processes. 4. Low diet, low in total calories. 5. Low threshold for humor. "Be able to laugh easily, and recognize the humorous aspects of what humans take too seriously. "I don't mean to slow your life to the speed of a turtle. I'm never happier than when I'm extremely active. But you can accomplish, far more if you have equanimity and imperturbability."