Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - June 4, 1952, Winona, Minnesota Showers Tonight; Generally Fair On Thursday Band Concert Lake Park Tonight VOLUME 52, NO. 92 FIVE CENTS PER COPY WINONA, MINNESOTA, WEDNESDAY EVENING, JUNE 4, 1952 TWENTY PAGES TODAY Political Rottenness Exposed By JOSEPH ALSOP ATLANTA in Georgia, in the year 1896, the pattern of South- ern Republican politics now being exploited by the forces of Sen. Rob- ert A. Taft was originally invented by another Ohioan, Mark Hanna. That winter, with the fight for the Republican nomination loom- ing ahead, the great early master the Ohio brand of Republi- canism unobtrusively went to Thomasville, for his health. While restoring his vast frame in Thomasville's balmy air, Hanna also held court for Southern Re- publican leaders. Promises of jobs, combined with generous payments from the Hanna slush fund, produc- ed a solid bloc of Southern dele- gates for William McKinley. And the Southern delegates gave Mc- Kinley the nomination in a very hard fight. From Hanna's day until this morning, the phony official lead- ers of the Southern Republicans, with their phony organizations and their obedient herds of phony dele- gates, have remained the useful props and allies of the party's Old Guard Wing. In certain cases, as in Texas, they have even main- tained a sort of hereditary connec- tion with the local Republican dy- nasty of Ohio. Rotten Boroughs Such men as National Commit- teeman Henry Zweifel of Texas and John E. Jackson of Louisiana are like the estate agents and fore- lock-pulling gate-keepers who used to cast their ballots as their no- bleman patrons commanded, in the old English rotten boroughs. And these Southern rotten bor- oughs in the Republican Party (whose rottenness really has to be seen to be believed) almost all belong to Sen. Taft. Here in Georgia, however, there also occurred the first local re- volt of any importance among these rotten boroughs. Its prime I organizer was an able and highly respected Atlanta lawyer, Elbert Tuttle, who brought his Republi- canism from Hawaii, and went to work in the Georgia party in deadly earnest when he got back from war-time combat service. He and the State Chairman, Roscoe Tucker, swung the Georgia dele- gation to Gov. Thomas E. Dewey in 1943. Swing To Ike This year, in a convention held here last Saturday, they have again swung 15 of Georgia's 17 delegates to Gen. Dwight D, Eisenhower. The Taft Shades Ike in S.D. Race Hugh Allison Smith, 414-year-old hands "king size Eisenhower for President" button to Gen. Dwight Eisenhower at a railroad sta- tion in Kansas City, Mo., this morning just before Ike left for his home town of Abilene, Kan. Hugh is being held by his father, Hugh Smith. (AP Wirephoto to The Republican-Herald) Committeeman, Harry Steel Production Cut 90 Per Cent By LEE LINDER PITTSBURGH moves by industry and Congress today were aimed at ending quickly the strike of CIO United Steelworkers that has cut the nation's steelmaking by 90 per cent. As the crippling walkout stretched into the third day, officials of the six biggest steel firms scheduled a secret huddle in New York. Its aim: To invite Steelworker Chief Philip Murray to resume bar- gaining talks within 48 hours. Mur- ray, president of both the CIO and the Steelworkers, had no comment. Meantime in Washington Chair- man Maybank (D-SC) of the Sen- U.S. Soldier Shot by East Berlin Guard BERLIN American Mil- itary policeman was shot and wounded by an East German po- lice border guard on the outskirts of Berlin today. is a Taft delegate and I Maj. Gen. Lemuel Mathewson, National Sommers, strong Taft supporter. But S. commander in Berlin, im- mers takes the view that the fifteen Eisenhower delegates were legitimately chosen by majority vote, and he will fight for their be- ing seated at Chicago. There is, of course, a competing pro-Taft delegation from Georgia, sponsored by Roy Foster, of Wad- ley, but really master-minded by beefy local entrepreneur, Roscoe Pickett Jr. At least one of these pro-Taft delegates is now on the state payroll, and Pickett, the mas- ter-mind, was both a law school classmate of Gov. Herman Tal- madge and has also held state em- ployment under him. With some ac- curacy, this pro-Taft group is de- scribed as the "Talmadge Republi- cans." Sen. Taft's Southern proconsul, Brazilla Carroll Reece, has at best only covertly encouraged the "Talmadge Reece has also promised National Com- mitteeman Sommers that the Taft forces at Chicago will not recog- nize this pro-Taft group in Geor- gia. Yet at the very least, the fact that this group exists in Georgia is likely to be used to cover up the steals in Louisiana and Texas. Dodge Too Obvious The dodge the Taft managers can use is only too obvious. The pro-Taft Zweifel delegation from Texas, the pro-Taft Jackson dele- gation from Louisiana, and the pro Eisenhower Sommers Tuttle- Tucker delegation from Georgia will all be acclaimed as "real Re- meaning the official or- ganization Republicans. With many pious breast-beatings, the Taft people at Chicago will emphasize their fair-minded will- ingness to recognize all "real Re- whoever they may be. They will point out that this means seating Georgia's Eisenhower dele- gates. And thus they will apply a deceptive varnish of fair-minded- ness to the fraudulent capture for Taft of fifty-five Texas and Louisi- ana delegates who belong in' the Eisenhower column by law, ma- jority rule and common political mediately denounced the shooting as a "barbaric and undisciplined violence by police under Soviet con- honesty. This kind of dodge cannot ob- scure the real issue, however. By happenstance, the Georgia Repub- lican organization has been re- formed from within, by the ef- forts of Tuttle and his co-workers, whom no less an authority than Ralph McGill has hailed as first class political leaders. Having been reformed, the organization has al- so turned on the Old Guard, And McGill and others think that if Gen. Eisenhower is nominated, these men will have a chance to build a real Republican party in Georgia. trol." He demanded the Russians "severely punish the offender." A bullet pierced the military po- lice jeep and wounded the driver in the leg. The engine also was damaged. The shooting occurred "without warning or while the Army vehicle was on routine of- ficial patrol on Machnower Strasse near the U. S. sector-Soviet zone boundary, Gen. Mathewson said. 3 Rescued Alive From Mine Cave-In IRONWOOD, Mich UP) Grim faced men worked half a mile un- derground early today in a search for Serafin Zacharzewski, 36, the 1st of five miners trapped Monday in a cave-in at the Penokee mine of the Republic Steel Corp. But hope was faint that Zach- arzewski wouid be found f.live as were three of his fellow workers yesterday. Victor Cox, 51; and Christopher Hocking, 46, both of Ironwood, and Mack Krocker, 54, of Bessemer, Mich., ended their 24-hour en- tombment when rescue crews broke through the rubble. The three walked out unaided and were taken to a hospital where a physi- cian said they were in good con- dition. Crews continued digging and at night came upon the body of Jorma Olkonen, 36, or Ironwood, lying be- side his machine. The cavein occurred as the men were sealing off a part of the mine. Cox, the foreman who lac- onically described his experience as "one of those said he, Hocking, and Krocker gained shel- ter under timbers when the shaft crumbled, but others were not able to get to a protected place. The trio began knocking on tim- bers with rocks. Rescue men re- turned the signals for six hours as they sought to force an air line through. The crew digging last night com- prised almost toe only iron ore miners at work in the entire Lake Superior ore field. An estimated others in Minnesota, Upper Michigan and Wisconsin are idle because of the steel strike. ate Banking Committee readied an amendment to the Defense Pro- duction Act. This proposal report- edly might give the President em- ergency powers to seize the de fense-vital industry. Wants To End Strike Maybank's says he wants to end the strike "to protect the boys in Korea." Murray and tie industry cut ofJ formal negotiations when the fed- eral, government took over the billion-dollar steel properties. Murray wants to bargain, He said so in the same breath as he ordered his union to hit the bricks Monday minutes after the U.S. Supreme Court called federal sei- zure illegal under the Constitution, But 'though both sides indicated willingness to sit down and talk replace the labor pact that expired Dec. still appeared little prospect that a ne- gotiated peace would be reached soon. Murray said he will settle for nothing less than the recommenda- tions of the Wage Stabilization Board. This provided a an-hour package to Steelworkers whose hourly earnings now aver- age S1.95. Best Offer Steel's best offer was a nVi cent package. Here was the major impasse to spokesmen for the union and for the industry who refused to be identified said there was plenty of room to move around in argument. The strike slowly is, biting into America's industrial potential. Al- ready more than workers in allied industries have been laid off: The miners who dig the soft coal to fire the steel furnaces find some of the railroaders who haul the finished steel to market. But something even more omi- nous loomed ahead. Defense Pro- duction Administrator Henry H. Fowler, who took over the job only yesterday, predicted a shortage of some types of steel for certain military projects by Friday. He declared: "A stoppage of anything beyond four or five days would seriously interfere with production." An in- dustry source said Fowler appar- ently referred to jet plane output. Actually there is a substantial stockpile of steel, estimated vari- ously to be sufficient for 30 to 90 days' production. But certain types of steel are in shorter supply and Fowler pre- dicted a month-long strike would force "some major manufacturing companies to shut down." These he declined to specify. Negotiations Asked One steel company already has asked the union to negotiate. The Lukens Steel Company of Coates- ville. Pa., starts contract talks to- day with representatives of its employes. Less than 24 hours after the steel- workers quit work the companies laid off coal miners. Four railroads also furloughed workers. Warren Wins California's 70 Delegates Democrats Give Kefauver All 68 July Votes By MORRIE LANDSBERG SAN FRANCISCO can Gov. Earl Warren and Demo- cratic Sen. Estes Kefauver cap- tured California's big delegations to the national conventions with better than 2 to 1 margins today. Both victories over uncommitted slates in yesterday's heavy voting presidential primary came as no surprise. There was possibly wide significance, however, in the dou- ble rebuff suffered by Truman Democrats. Warren won all 70 GOP delegates to back his quest for his party's nomination. He defeated a pro-Taft slate technically pledged to Rep. Thomas H. Werdel, who quarreled with the governor's espousal of progressive policies. 'Free Choice' Slate Tennessee's Kefauver bowled over a "free choice" slate of 68 Democratic delegates headed by Atty. Gen. Edmund G. Brown, but originally organized to support President Truman. Returns from of the state's precincts gave: Warren, Werdel, On the Democratic side precincts gave Kefauver 'Brown Republican Sen. William F. Knowland delivered what may be taken as another slap at the ad- ministration by sweeping both par- ty nominations for re-election under California's crossfiling system. California's 44-year-old senior senator, an outspoken foe of Tru- man's foreign and fair deal pro- grams, trounced Democratic Rep. Clinton McKinnon of San Diego, a Truman supporter, on both tick- ets. Both entered on each other's ticket. Knowland was appointed by Warren in 1945 to succeed the late Sen. Hiram W. Johnson, only other senatorial candidate to score a double victory in a California pri- mary. The senatorial vote: Democratic precincts) Knowland McKinnon 331. Republican precincts) Knowland McKinnon 926. Confidence Lost Knowland, best known for his advocacy of greater aid for Na- tionalist 'China, said in a state- ment: "The grave problems con- fronting us, domestic'and foreign, cannot be satisfactorily solved un- der the Truman administration which, I believe, has lost the con- Two Enterprising Kansas school teachers, Thelma Moore, left, Topeka, Kan., and Ruth Gilek, Anthony, Kan., readied their concession stand in Eisenhower Park in Abilene, Kan., early today beneath a big picture of the smiling general. Most other concessions were ready for today's expected throng as the girls hurriedly finished their preparations. (AP Wirephoto to The Repub- lican-Herald) fidence of Werdel, the nation." second-term congress- man, had told the voters: "Support my slate if you're for Taft, Eisen- hower or MacArthur" for Presi- dent. Warren, who's never been'beaten in a state election, charged at the windup of the heated GOP cam- paign that a small band of party enemies spent a half million .dol- lars to defeat him. Werdel, in conceding the election said that "In 'view of the huge number of Republicans voting against Mr. Warren, he should seri- ously reconsider the pro-New Deal policies that prompted them to turn away from his leadership." Ike Plunges Into Fight for Presidency KANSAS CITY, Kan. Dwight D. Eisenhower moved con- fidently into future today a shadowy political just as eight years ago he sent the great Allied Army into the invasion of Europe. This time he wore the clothing of a not the stars of a general. This time his army was a citizen army of admirers who hoped .to make him President of the United States. Eight years ago almost to the day, Eisenhower made his historic decision to send the Allies into the invasion of France, from which there was no retreat. Today Eisen- hower is carrying out his decision which will plunge him irrevocably into the struggle for the Repub- lican presidential nomination. He faced the big day among his hometown friends and thousands of well-wishers refreshed by a night's rest and cheered by 'supporters who repeatedly assured him he could win his party's nomination in Chicago next month. The general and Yanks Knock Down Prison Camp Flags By ROBERT B. TUCKMAN KOJE ISLAND, Korea infantrymen and tanks today knocked down and burned Russian, North Korean and Chinese flags in three Communist prisoner war pens, then hauled out unruly prisoner leaders. Not a shot was fired. The Reds submitted meekly although only a few hours earlier they Kad boasted Britain Joins U.S.in Protest to Syngman Rhee PUSAN, Korea today joined the United States in protest- they would "fight to the death." The smartly-executed one-two punch at Communist prisoner dis- obedience destroyed all Red ban- ners that flew today over this once riot-torn island. But camp author- ities expect more may appear tomorrow. Seventeen anti-Communist pris- oners, their hands bound, were res- cued from one compound. The soldiers marched 75 other POWs out of a second compound. The group included five Red lead- ers and possibly some anti-Reds. thrown as the American soldiers rushed into the closures. Later barbed wire, en- they destroyed POW guard huts with flame- throwers. Troops of the U.S. Second Di- his wife, visiori's 38th Regiment executed Mamie, arrived here last night byjthe operation. Their commander, plane from Washington They were j u_ Co, WjUiam F. Kernan, San greeted at the airport by a cheer- ing crowd. The Eisenhowers were taken to Antonio Tex., commented: "We can go in any of those com- hotel in downtown Kansas City, I pounds anytime we want." Kan, Hundreds of people cheered Brig. Gen. Haydon L. Boatner along the route and other scores applauded as .they entered the hotel. There were no ceremonies. The Eisenhowers chatted with visitors in their suite briefly, but did not attend a "we-like-Ike" party in a basement dining room of the hotel. The transition from uniform to civilian clothes seemed not to bother the general at all. He was at ease in a gray pin-striped suit, gray tie, white shirt, tan straw Koje commander, personally di- in this temporary South Korean capital. Alec Adams, charge d'affaires, Few Hundred Votes Margin Of Victory Genera! Carries Bigger Cities, Senator Strong in Country BULLETIN WASHINGTON A. Taft't headquarters claimed victory for the Ohioan at 1 p. m. (CST) today in the South Da- kota primary election. By JACK BELL SIOUX FALLS, S. D. UPl-Sen. Robert A. Taft and Gen. Dwigbt D. Eisenhower battled on almost even terms today as counting re- sumed in South Dakota's stand- off Republican presidential pri- mary. With indications that a few hun- dred votes might decide the final winner, the count from of the state's precincts in a con- test for 14 Chicago convention nominating votes was; Taft Eisenhower Balloting in record numbers, the state's Republicans gave almost equal support to the Ohio senator and to the five-star general, turned civilian for his personal entry into the political ring later in the day Ike Talk on KWNO General Eisenhower's talk at Abilene, Kan., this afternoon will be carried locally by KWNO AM and FM, beginning 5 p. m. Winona time. with a homecoming speech in Abilene, Kan. With 79 precincts missing, Taft was getting 50.25 per cent of the vote and Eisenhower 49.75 per cent. The GOP total was expected to exceed the 1932 primary record of Almost unnoticed, Sen, Estes.Ke- fauver of Tennessee picked up the state's eight Democratic nomina- ting delegates. He rode easily over an opposing uninstructed slate by a two to one margin. The Taft-Eisenbower battle, last ballot-box meeting of the leading GOP aspirants before the July con- vention in Chicago, developed strictly into a town vs. country contest. Eisenhower carried nearly every city and large town in the state. Taft rolled up his margin in the farm areas, although he lost only by a narrow margin in Sioux Falls, the state's largest city. The cities sent Eisenhower off to reeled two of the operations from Informed sources said the Brit- a machinegun tower. It was an- j ish and U.S. notes expressed the other step in his campaign to bring I same views on the South Korean order inside prisoner enclosures i political crisis as the United Na- and the fifth time tank-led troops Uions Commission for the Unifica- orally outlined the British position lead in tte earl returns but to Rhee, then handed the aging Taft SOOQ overcame au-advan. leader a written statement. He told correspondents the statement backed up the policies of the U.S. state department given Rhee in a note yesterday. The American Embassy also handed Rhee a note from Presi dent Truman which called recent political developmentsi in Pusan shocking. had struck at POW disobedience. Three companies, of the 38th, led by two tanks, crashed through the gates of Compound 85 at p. m. to begin the operation. A tion The and Rehabilitation of Korea, commission recently asked Rhee to lift martial law in Pusan and release 12 opposition assem- blymen under arrest. The U.N. representatives voiced third tank stood guard outside. (the opinion Rhee was attempting hat with'blue band. The only mili- j Tne infantrymen raced into the i to control the presidential election tary note in his attire was in his centra; vard Of the stockade hous-1 in the Assembly late this month shoes. He still, wore low-cut tan J 'iU- officer shoes with buckle straps. James J, Flanagan holds a board.to divert water from flow- ing right in his front door after a small brook became a raging torrent following a three-inch rainfall at North Adams, Mass. Harry Jowett, a neighbor, climbs along a window sill to assist Flanagan. Flash floods followed four rainy days ending with a 20-hour downpour. (AP Wirephoto) ing POWs and formed a shoulder-to-shoulder ring of bay- onet steel. They fired a half dozen tear gas grenades as prisoners scurried into tents. The tanks smashed down three large flagpoles, flying North Ko- rean, Chinese and Russian flags. Troops ripped and burned nine signs tacked to inr.er barbed wire fences. Pfc. Willie Hegwood, 21, Chester, S.C., scaled an arch at the gate and pulled down a painting of North Korean Premier Kim II Sung. The operation lasted 15 minutes. Then at 1 p.m. three companies of the 38th and three tanks charged into the Compound one of the most unruly on the island. Three flagpoles were ground to splinters by toe tanks. Infantrymen destroyed a few small POW huts with flamethrowers. Then 75 pris- oners were marched out, including five leaders. This operation also lasted only 15 minutes. Boatner himself looked over the 75 POWs brought out and pointed out three disobedient POW leaders. They and two others were placed in ancjsolated jail. These operations went so well that Boatner sent a company of the.38th into Compound 60 whose Korean war crimes sus- pects .'Boatner has described as "pip .squeaks." The soldiers fired tear gas bombs, then used axes to chop down three flagpoles. announcement said Rhee not dissolve the National by jailing his opponents. Rhee softened his policy today, apparently as a result of the double-barreled protests from the U.S. and Britain. A government public information office would Assembly now. Earlier he was re- ported on the verge of disbanding it. Martial law authorities were or- dered not to arrest any more assemblymen not directly involved in what Rhee has called a "Com- munist plot" against his adminis- tration. Mr. Truman's note to Rhee was not made public. But a govern- ment source said it asked Rhee to take no "irrevocable action" until U.S. Ambassador John J. Muccio could return here from a shortened vacation with additional views of Mr. Truman. WEATHER FEDERAL FORECAST Winona and Vicinity Local showers and thunderstorms to- night, becoming generally fair Thursday. No decided change in temperature. Low tonight 56, high Thursday 76. LOCAL WEATHER Official observations for the 24 hours .ending at 12 in. today: Maximum, 75; minimum, 57; noon, 63; precipitation, .03; sun sets tonight at sun rises to- morrow at (Additional en 14) Then it became a case of whether the Ohioan could hang on to his margin as precincts in the Black Hills time into the lead he had held at one time. Counting stopped in many areas at midnight. County auditors, ob- livious of the national attention di- rected at the contest here, locked up shop and went off to bed. National interest was heightened far beyond the 14 delegate votes involved since Eisenhower and Taft were meeting without any minor candidates around to clutter up the results. No Write-In Votei The vote was on the election of either of two slates of delegates. One was linked to Taft's name on the ballot and the other was widely advertised as supporting Eisen- hower. There were no write-ins. Whatever the final result, neither candidate could claim any clearcut mandate. The expected effect on uncommitted delegates chosen in other states seemed likely to be minimized. Taft's backers hoped a finaj tory would reinforce their claim that the Ohioan is choice of the Midwest areas. On the other hand, Eisenhower's camp wanted to say that the general is liked as well here as on the east and west coasts. Taft beat Eisenhower on a write- in vote in Nebraska, a similarly situated state, in the April 1 pri- mary there. This was their only other Midwestern test. The issue of universal military training apparently figured heavily in balloting here, with Taft voicing opposition to UMT and Eisenhower supporting it. UMT is not popular with the farmers, who have lost sons and other workers to the military Taft's personal campaigning in the state which isn't used to seeing presidential aspirants in attion ap- parently helped his chances here. In five days, he covered the state from end to end, speaking a dozen times a day and shaking every outstretched hand. Eisenhower was represented by most of his senatorial backers from nearby states. He was depicted as th'e candidate most likely to keep this country out of strong talking point here.