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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - June 2, 1952, Winona, Minnesota Local Showers Possible Tonight; Fair Tuesday SEND YOUR LETTERS BY AIRMAIL VOLUME 52, NO. 90 FIVE CENTS PER COPY WINONA, MINNESOTA, MONDAY EVENING, JUNE 2, 1952 EIGHTEEN PAGES Ilce-Taft Fight on in Louisiana By JOSEPH ALSOP NEW ORLEANS Sen. Robert A. Taft's man in this state is National Committeernan John E. Jackson, a portly, suave and pros- perous lawyer who has ruled what passes for the Louisiana1 Republi- can party for just short of 20 years. A visit to John E. and a short look at John E.'s record, are highly instructive experi At the moment, National Committeeman Jackson is a bit prickly and defensive. On his office walls, portraits of such Re- publican statesmen as Sen. Brick- er and John D. M. Hamilton smile reassurance to him. All, they seem to say to him, will be well at Chicago. But all has not been well in Louisiana. In brief, John Minor Wisdom, another New Orleans lawyer with important connections, a com- fortable fortune and an eccentric passion for a genuine two-party system in the South, went to work in the Louisiana Republican party some years ago About 12 months ago, the magic of the name of Dwight D. Eisenhower brought Wisdom a sudden influx of sup- porters and co-workers. Ballots Ignored With John E. Jackson fighting a bitter rear guard action all the way, Wisdom first captured the New Orleans organization in a le- gal primary in January. Then, hav- ing got himself this New Orleans toehold, Wisdom impertinently in- tervened this spring in the selec- tion of delegates to the Republi- can National Convention. Worse still, the Wisdomites voted down the Jacksonites by heavy majori- ties in six of the eight Louisiana congressional districts. That gave Gen. Eisenhower nine of Louisi- j ana's 11 district delegates. It prom ised to give Eisenhower the four delegates at large to be named by the state convention. It was a challenge to John E. Jackson. Jackson responded like the brave fellow he is. He used his remain- ing control of the state Republican committee in the Texas manner. He ignored the ballots of the pro- Eisenhower Wisdomites. He nulli- fied their undoubted legal victor- ies. And he rigged the state con- vention, by seating his own minor- ity instead of the Wisdomites ma- jority, to send a solid pro-Taft delegation to Chicago. No impartial observer here doubts that this pro- Taft Louisiana delegation is a simple product of John E. Jack- son's force of character. Even John E. himself does not really bother to argue that he had the majority of Republican voters on his side. Won't Surrender "There are all kinds of majori- he explains rather portent- ously. "There are force majorities, which attempt to force action by others. There are lawful majori- ties, which are peaceable and good. You wouldn't count the heads of a mob when you were about to be attacked. You wouldn't just say, 'I give up, I surrender' be- Court Outlaws Steel Seizure; Industry-Wide Strike Called While President Truman was receiving this scroll of commenda- tion from Minnesota Democrats from Robert Butler of St. -Paul, in Washington, the U.S. Supreme Court was reading its decision de- claring the President's seizure of the steel industry was illegal and unconstitutional, (AP Wirephoto to The Republican-Herald) Workers Start Leaving Jobs At Bigger Mills Murray Demands Settlement on WSB Figures BULLETIN WASHINGTON President Truman today ordered the re- turn of the steel industry to pri- vate owners after the Supreme Court declared his seizure ac- tion illegal. Truman directed this action in a letter sent by special messenger to Secretary of Commerce Sawyer, who had been operating the mills for the government. Farewell to Arms cause there were a lot of people in the mob. You wouldn't do that, would John E.'s definition of a mob ap- pears to be any considerable num- ber of Republicans not ruled by Ike Facing Rough, Tough Political Race By ELTON C. FAY WASHINGTON D. Eisenhower, soldier turning poli- tician, was here today to say farewell to arms. Behind him were 37 years as an Army officer, including two periods as supreme commander of all the armies of the West in Europe Before him looms one of the roughest and most bitter political campaigns in recent history over 3 I IV the Republican presidential nomin- Inhn DPWPU whioh Sen' A- Taft Philosopher, Teacher Dies NEW YORK W) Philosopher John Dewey, 92, often described as the father of Progressive Edu- cation, died last night. He was stricken with pneumonia Saturday, just a few days after he was reported recovering from a broken hip. He died at his Fifth Avenue home. Few, if any, men had as much influence on educational thinking of his time. Dewey's idea was that emPhasis should be placed on the people vote for the Republican party in national elections. But the number of registered Repub- licans, which means Republicans with any say in the party affairs, steadily declined under the astute Jackson stewardship to the ridicu- lous all time low of Anything tending to transform Louisiana's crypto-Republicans in- to registered Republicans, such as the nomination of Republican can- didates for state office, is strongly disapproved by John E. If the crypto-Republicans registered in large numbers, mobs would start forming all over the place. Wis- dom's efforts have produced mobs already. No one, of course, speaks more highly of the two-party system than John E. Jackson. Although he says nothing can be doue about it without, "substantial money and substantial patronage." But the fact is, the one-party system has made John E. what he is today, nourishing him in a highly satis- factory manner. His ideal Louisi- ana Republican party is one that can be conveniently assembled in a small back room, for the sole purpose of choosing 15 Republican delegates each four years. Wins Rewards Such a party may not win votes in Louisiana, but it will win re- wards in Washington, when and if a president has been nominated with the help of Louisi- ana's 15. Two further facts com- plete the John E. Jackson story. A couple of years ago the Re- publican National Committee, in its wonderfully humorous way, named none other than John E. to head a committee to promote a powerful, popular Republican party in the South. A little later, John E. was replaced in this chair- manship by his great friend and mentor, Sen. Taft's Southern pro- counsul, Rep. Brazilla Carroll Reece. The conjunction is sym- bolic. The worthy Brazilla is the (Continued on Page 11, Column 1) ALSOPS I individual child rather than on the subject. "Learning by doing" was his basic belief. He thought that a pupil should learn through scien- tific inquiry rather than have his mind stuffed with facts. His educational methods aroused much controversy, and it took about 50 years for them to gain general acceptance. A native of Burlington, Vt., Dew- ey was graduated from the Uni- versity of Vermont jn 1879 and took his Doctor of Philosophy de- gree from Johns Hopkins Univer- sity, Baltimore, in 1884.' He started teaching at once and continued this career until retiring in 1930 after a quarter century at Colum- bia University. The philosopher married Alice Chipman in 1886. They had six children, of whom four survive, and an adopted child. Mrs. Dewey died in 1927. He married Mrs. Roberta Lowitz Grant who sur- vives. and others are seeking. This was transition. Yesterday the five-star general stood by the plane which brought him from Paris, smiling in the warmth of a summer sun and a military wel- come for a great soldier come home. Tomorrow afternoon he will be faced by the cold facts of politi- cal life. That is when he has said he will doff his uniform, after his last call at the Pentagon. He makes his first speech in mufti at Abilene, Kan., Wednesday. Taft's Campaign Even as he arrived, Taft's cam- paign headquarters got out a state- ment welcoming him back to this country but regretting that "he didn't return sooner." "Now that he is about to take off his battle jacket we of the Re- publican party hope that he will start said a statement by Rep. B. Carroll Reece of Ten- nessee, manager of the committee backing the Ohio senator for the) GOP nomination. Philip Mur- ray today called an industry-wide i steel strike close on the heels of the Supreme Court decision voiding President Truman's steel seizure. Workers starting Ifnving their jobs at three mills in Youngstown, Ohio, today just minutes after the Supreme Court made its ruling. Picket lines formed at the Gary, Ind., and South Chicago works of the U, S. Steel Company at the same time. A National Production Authority spokesman said NPA probably will reimpose at once its embargo on steel shipments to consumer goods manufacturers. On the floor of the U. S. Senate, Sen. Hickenlooper (R-Iowa) read "a new.s ticker report of the decision his colleagues. exclaimed Sen. Tobey In issuing his strike call today, Murray at the same time, asked the steel companies to resume collec- tive bargaining. Issue Clear But Murray also made clear that he union still stands on the terms of the Wage Stabilization Board recommendations of a 26 cent an lour "package" settlement, plus a union shop arrangement. He said: "In the absence of a wage agree- ment our members have no alter- native other than to cease work." Murray authorized local union officers to make "satisfactory ar- rangements for standby employes 6 to 3 Decision Limits Power Of President U.S. Must Give Back Mills to Private Owners This Is The Automobile in which Willard George Williams, Grand Forks, N, D., farm hand, suffocated when it overturned into a 10-foot ditch three miles north of Lanesboro Saturday night. Authorities reported Williams suffered a crushed chest when caught in the open door. (Republican- Herald photo) to protect the properties of the var- Mounting returns on the Mem- ious companies during the period Day weekend siaughter on OI Farm Hand Killed in Lanesboro Accident LANESBORO, Minn. body of 26-year-old area farm hand, who was killed Saturday night in aa automobile acci- dent was found near here this morning. Willard George Williams, Grand Forks, N. D., died from suffo- cation caused by a crushed chest, II lil gi according to FiUmore County Cor- Holiday Deaths Exceed Safety Council Estimate By The Associated Press oner J. P. Nehring. WASHINGTON MV-The Supreme Court today struck down Presi- dent Truman's seizure of the steel industry. The vote was 6 to 3. Justice Black delivered the his- toric decision for the majority. It is' almost certain to touch off an- other strike by some CIO steel workers. The court's ruling means the government will have to surrender ownership of the mills and thus will be unable to grant the wage boost Truman had promised the .union in getting it to call off a three-day strike early last month. In addition to the majority opin- ion by Justice Black separate con- curring opinions were written by. Justices Frankfurter, Douglas, I Clark, Jackson and Burton, Dissenting Opinion For a few moments it appeared jlhat the decision had been unani- mous. Then reporters were handed a dissenting opinion by Chief Jus- tice Vinson, in which Justices Reed and Minton joined. Black's opinion said Truman's April' 8 order for seizure of the steel industry "cannot properly be sustained as an exercise of the President's military power as com- mander in chief of the armed forces." Black added: ___ _____> _._......______ "Nor can the seizure order be atomic blast, old" hat to sustained because of the several citizens of Las Vegas, jolted and I constitutional provisions that grant excited residents over wide areas I executive power to the President. Strong Atomic Blast Jolts Las Vegas Area LAS VEGAS, Nev. strong of and Southern Williams was pinned beneath his if aoui car at the bottom of forma early yesteraay. overturned a 10-foot embankment on Highway 250 three miles north of here. Sheriff Donald L. Cook, who in- Cali-1 the framework of our con- Black said, "the Presi- An atmospheric quirk bounced the bomb's brilliant flash and sound 400 miles over mountains vestigated this morning, said Wil- from the Yucca liams evidently missed a bad There was no immediate com- ment from the White House al- though Truman has said he will abide by the Supreme Court's de- saying at the same time neither the Supreme Court nor Congress can take away his powers to act in an emergency. Truman Given News Robert Butler, St. Paul indus- the highways have: Surpassed the previous record toll for a three-day Memorial Day holiday, curve, plowed through brush anc overturned. Williams' was trapped under the left fide of the car, his legs still in the automobile. Bad Head Cut Coroner Nehring placed the'time of death at about or mid- night Saturday. There was a bad head cut, but Dr. Nehring said death was from suffocation. Williams had been working since Exceeded the National Safety 1 the middle of April on the Chester Council s advance prediction of th number who would die in traffi accidents, Reached a figure from whic they might leap to an all-time rec Reece suggested Eisenhower trialist and former ambassador to ord for the season's traditiona could start by "telling us whether jCuba, was in the President's office 'outing. or not the plan to spend half a million dollags in paying the ex- penses of delegates to come and when an aide gave Truman the news of the court's ruling. Butler said Truman "didn't mak see him has his approval." any comment, at least in front o This was a reference to a from Eisenhower backers for GOP I Secretary of Commerce Sawyer convention delegates to visit the j named by Truman to boss the gov general at the expense of local! ernment-seized mills, declined im campaign grouns, if the delegates do not pay their own travel costs. As part of Eisenhower's official welcome, he was hurried to the White House yesterday to report to President Truman. He was mediate comment. Aides said h was conferring by telephone with the White House. The government was expected tc notify the owners of the steel mm later there almost two hours. The great-1 lnS er part of the time was devoted' to a two-man talk between the President and the general and a subsequent session with Secretary of Robert Lovett, Gen. Omar Bradley, chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, and Secretary of the Army Frank Pace. Folksy Intermission There was also a folksy little intermission while the President spent-50 minutes showing the gen- eral about the newly rebuilt ex- ecutive which Eis- enhower may or may not move afternoon that it is turn properties back to them. next January. The plan was for Eisenhower John Dtwcy to go again to the White House this afternoon for a tails of which were to be an nounced later. Tomorrow morning the general will hold a news conference at the Pentagon which, like yesterday's welcoming ceremony, the defense department will try to confine to military matters. The public welcome accorded the general and his wife was modest and restrained. Record Swiss Income BERN, Switzerland Switzer- land's national income in 1951 was the highest on record and reached nearly per person. The total national income rose to 000 in 1951. i O'Konski Will Refract Charge WASHINGTON W) Industrialist Henry J. Kaiser reported Saturday that Rep. Alvin O'Konski (R-Wis) had agreed to repudiate his charges that Kaiser swindled the government. Asked if he had any comment on the Kaiser statement, O'Konski said he had approved Kaiser's an- nouncement. But he said that he would withdraw the accusations only after a sworn rebuttal by Kaiser had been delivered to him. "If the facts are as Mr. Kaiser represented them to me today I will file his statement in the Con- gressional O'Kotiski said. The controversy grew from a statement which O'Konski filed in the Congressional Record last week. That statement said Kaiser 'swindles the government out of millions of dollars a year" and: hat he accomplishes his ends by 'placing his own key men in proper departments" in the gov- ernment. Kaiser immediately denounced the accusations. At least 334 persons died traffic one ever 14 minutes during the 78 hour per iod from 6 p.m. Thursday unti midnight Sunday. The council hat said the toll might reach 310. Nov a council spokesman says, "i might eventually be as high a 350." The previous high for a three day Memorial Day weekend was 253, recorded in 1949. The all-time record set in 1950, during a four day Memorial holiday, is 347. Other forms of violent death, in eluding 78 drownings and 58 in a variety of accidents made the holi day toll this year at least 470 There are no authoritative com- parisons for the overall traffic- drowning miscellaneous total. Missouri River Dam Dedicated BURLINGTON, Colo. The Bonny dam, the newest >roject in the Missouri River basin lood control and reclamation pro- gram, was dedicated yesterday. The huge structure, built on the south fork of the Republican Riv- er near Hale, Colo., was designed primarily for flood control. But ir- igation, silt storage and recrea- ion also were considered in the levelopment. The dam, which rises 128 feet bove the river bed, will create lake three miles long and a mile-wide. It has a storage capac- ty of acre-feet of water. In the dedicatory address, Mi- hael W. Straus, U. S. Comrrjis- ioner of Reclamation, told of the lace the Bonny dam has in the verall program to put the mighty Missouri under wraps. Boyum farm, 13 miles north of here. He purchased the automobile from a Rushford resident Memor- ial Day and had driven to Rush- ford Saturday night, Boyum said. Williams reportedly left the farm about p.m. Authorities said he evidently Rushford was returning from to Lanesboro on the graveled highway when the acci- dent occurred. Scene of the tragedy is known as Casey Hill, where the road is not marked by any guard rails There was littte indication that any car had left the road, which caus ed the delay in discovering the ac cident, Cook said. Williams w.as coming down the hill and drove of he left side. Farmer Notices Car Andrew Molstein, a farmer liv- ng nine miles north of Lanesboro on the same road, was coming to ;own about 10 a.m. today and 'ound the death car. Flat test site. Two thuds loud enough to awaken residents and rattle win- dows were heard in Modesto, Calif., 350 miles from the blast, according to Otto Schroder, city editor of the Modesto Bee. In San Francisco, a radio news writer, Ed Arnow of KNBC, saw a brief flash of light covering the sky. Police switchboards throughout the Los Angeles metropolitan area lit up like Christmas trees when excited citizens called to find out what had happened. But in Las Vegas, only 75 miles from -the- blast, there was no ex- citement. The flash was seen but barely heard in the city which has grown accustomed to living under Amos Holland, farmer nearby, said he remembers hearing a car [rive past about 11 p.m. Saturday and believes it was the Williams model. The body was removed at 11 a.m. today and taken to the Joh'n- on Funeral Home here. Funeral arrangements are being com- deted. Williams is the son of Mrs. R. Williams, 716 South 10th St., Grand Forks. He was born March 3, 1926, at D. k )PA Approves 132 slew Defense Jobs WASHINGTON The Defense 'reduction Administration said yes- erday it had approved 132 new r expanded defense facilities, mounting to for ac- elerated tax write-off. The law permits the DPA to pecify what percentage of a proj- ct is entitled to tax relief through hortening the depreciation time >r tax purposes from the normal eriod of about 25 years to as low g five the shadow of atomic clouds. A thousand troops watched from 'oxholes about yards from the explosion. They jumped from heir positions 20 seconds after the detonation and moved "very close" to the firing area behind tanks and Army radiological safety mon- itors. Australian Crash Takes 9 Lives SYDNEY, Australia un Two more persons died today, bringing to nine the death toll in the crash near Melbourne of a train and a bus loaded with teen-agers return- ing from a church camp. Twenty other persons were in- jured when the electric train crashed last night into the bus at an, open level crossing at the foot of the Dandenong Range, 20 miles from Melbourne. WEATHER FEDERAL FORECAST Winona and vicinity: Mostly :loudy tonight with possibility of local showers in evaning. Tuesday generally fair and somewhat cool- er. Low tonight 55, high Tuesday 72. LOCAL WEATHER Official observations for the 24 lours ending at 12 m. Sunday: Maximum, 74; minimum, 47; noon, 74; precipitation, none. Official observations for the 24 hours ending at 12 m. today: Maximum, 81; minimum 53; noon, 81; precipitation, trace; sun ets tonight at sun rises to- morrow at Additional weather on Page' 12. are faithfully executed refutes the idea that he is to be a lawmaker." Truman told his news conference May 22 he would abide by the court's ruling and would turn the mills back to their owners and then see what happens. At the same time, however, the President still insjsted he has the inherent power to seize private in- dustries ia an emergency and that Congress nor the take that power away from him. As to what he would do if the high tribunal ruled flatly that the President has no seizure as it did said he would cross that bridge when he came to it. Powers Limited Black's opinion today declared: "The Constitution limits his (the President's) function in the law- making process to the recommend- ing of laws he thinks wise and the vetoing of laws he thinks bad. And the Constitution is neither silent nor equivocal about who shall make laws which the President is to execute." Bladk said the power of Congress to adopt "such public policies as those proclaimed by the President's order is beyond question." He went on: "It can authorize the taking of private property for public use. It can make laws regulating the re- lationships between employes and employers, prescribing rules de- signed to settle labor disputes and fixing wages and working condi- tions in certain fields of our econ- omy. The Constitution did not sub- ject this law-making power of Con- gress to presidential or military supervision or control. "It is said that other presidents without congressional authority have taken possession of private business enterprises in order to set- tle labor disputes. Congressional Strength "But even if'this be true, Con- gress has not thereby lost its ex- clusive Constitutional authority to make laws necessary and proper to carry put the powers vested by the Constitution 'in the government of the United States, or any de- partment or officer thereof. "The founders of this nation en- trusted the law making power to the Congress alone, in both good and bad times. It would do no good to recall the historical events, the fears of power and the hopes for freedom that lay behind their choice. Such a review would but confirm our holding-that this sei- zure order-cannot stand. "The judgment. of the District" Court is affirmed." the high tribunal's" six-man majority agreed with the (Continued on U, Column 2) STEEL
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