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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - May 31, 1952, Winona, Minnesota Fair Tonight And Sunday; Cooler Tonight Baseball on KWNO 8 Tonight Owatonna, 8 Sunday Mankato VOLUME 52, NO. 89 FIVE CENTS PER COPY WINONA, MINNESOTA, SATURbAY EVENING, MAY 31, 1952 FOURTEEN PAGES TODAY 'Steal7 In Texas Hits Ike By JOSEPH ALSOP DALLAS, Texas has happened here in the Republican Party in Texas confronts the na tional Republican Party with two of the gravest issues it has had to face in many years. Indeed, the longer one works to sort out the impressions left by the incredible Texas Republican Convention at Mineral Wells, the bigger and ug- lier and more important these is- sues come to seem. The first issue is simple enough. With Sen. Robert A. Taft of Ohio in the lead, the Republicans have been justifiably denouncing the corruption that has crept into the American government. But honest government depends on honest politics. And the first issue pre- sented by the recent events in Tex- as is the issue of honesty in politics. Surge to Ike As to this, there can be no doubt. A powerful popular surge for Gen. Dwight Eisenhower gave his adherents a heavy majority in the Republican State Convention, which in turn chooses the dele- gates to the National Convention at Chicago. No one has argued; no one has even suggested, that this pro-Eisenhower majority in the Texas Republican State Conven- tion was elected illegally or im properly. Under the law and th rules, the Eisenhower faction hai won the fight in Texas before th' Mineral Wells meeting was con vened. But Texas National Committee man Henry Zweifel had alreadj promised that Texas would be in the Taft column at Chicago. Zwei fel solidly controls both the Repub lican State Convention and its Exe cutive Committee. The Executive 'Committee of the State Com mittee in turn has the power to draw up the temporary roll of the State Convention, making a pre- liminary choice in all contests for seats and seating those they choose ussians Sei ize rim on the convention floor. With this power, forty seedy Old Guard politicians set aside the express' ed will of a three-to-one majority of many thousands of legitimately enrolled, deeply enthusiastic Re- publican voters. Illegally Chosen Seated When the temporary roll was drawn up by Zweifel's henchmen all the illegally chosen Zweifel- Taft supporters were seated, while nearly 600 Eisenhower supporters were denied their places on the convention floor which were theirs by right of the ballot box. Armed deputies were brought in the next day, to make sure the Eisenhow- er faction did not attempt to seize what was legally theirs. The phony majority in the State Convention then the rawest touch of vote that it not phony. And the phony con- vention thereafter elected the "of- ficial" pro-Taft delegation to Chi- cago. The only thing that can be said for Zweifel and company is that they at least had the grace not to pretend that these transactions were either savory or honest. The case was put rather plainly by the state chairman, an amiable old gentleman named Orville Bulling- ton, who told this reporter: "They'll barrelhouse 'em through. Whoever controls the com- mittee can always barrelhouse 'em through. You'll see; it'll be th same at Chicago." By the same token, when Na tional Committeeman Zweifel wa questioned on the subject, he made no attempt to deny that the othe side had the real majority. Thi reminder made him look a bi more shifty than usual, but he die not argue about it. And when hi was asked whether majorities die not matter in Texas, he replied irritably and belligerently: Old Local Custom "They don't in the Democratic Party in Texas either." This peculiar trampling on popular majorities was just an old local custom, like yodelling or tossing the caber- was nicely annotated by the State Vice Chairman Mrs. Burk West. Mrs. West admitted that the pro- Eisenhower faction "did comply with the law to some extent. "She added, however, that "the law is one thing, but the law does not govern a party's policies." The fin al word was said by L. J. Bencken- stein, who ran the Zweifel-Taft task for which he is admirably fitted, being a vast man with a vast oily smile and a fist like a ham. Gen. Dwight D. Eisenhower says goodbye with a faint smile and a wave of his cap at conclusion of ceremonies marking turning over of his command of Allied defense forces in Europe to Gen. Matthew B. Ridgway at SHAPE near Paris, France, todav. At left is British Field Marshal Bernard Montgomery. Eisenhower is scheduled to arrive in Washington sometime Sunday. (AP Wire- photo via radio from Paris to The Republican-Herald) Ike Takes Off From Paris for Flight Home PARIS Gen. Dwight D. "On its said Benckenstein, "it looks wrong. There's an expla- nation, but I can't give it to you. Maybe I will if you'll call me up some time." Such are the men and women who organized the steal of the Tex- as Republican delegation, with'the on-the-spot encouragement of Taft national managers David Sinton Ingalls and Brazilla Carroll Reece. The second issue raised by this steal ought to transcend even the issue of common honesty in poli- tics, at least in the eyes of those practical-minded Republicans who (Continued on 10, Column 1.) ALSOPS Eisenhower flies home today to the Jnited States where political sackers are booming him for the "lOP presidential nomination. The five-star general took off at 2 TK jncU.C8 a. m. EST) for Wash- ington. He is scheduled to arrive there at 3 p. m. EST tomorrow. Yesterday Eisenhower turned over to Gen. Matthew B. Ridgway ;he job he began more than a year building up the forces of 14 nations into a defense line against possible Red aggression. As he relinquished his North At- antic Command in a brief cere- nony on the front lawn of Supreme leadquarters outside Paris, Eisen- hower told Ridgway "It is now my )roud duty to turn over to you the "inest headquarters I have ever ;een. The task is now yours." About 400 officers and their amilies gathered to watch the ceremony held beneath the flags of he 14 NATO nations. In a news conference here yes- erday, Eisenhower took a sharp ap at isolationism. "There is a grave danger in hmking of these problems (of de- ense against Communism) lo- he said. "It is a fight to be ought globally and we must not 'et preoccupied with our own deas. "It would be a very grave mis- he said, "not to remember hat events in other parts of the vorld are not only a drain on our own resources and military strength, but also are a part of our own ideological struggle." Eisenhower, who led millions of American and Allied soldiers to victory in World War n began his tour of duty here in December, 1950. Since that date he has built up a line of defense which extends from Norway to Turkey. His 57-year-old successor, Ridg- way, also played a vital role in World War II. He won fame as commander of the 82nd Airborne Division in the invasion of Sicily and Normandy. He was sent to Korea in Decem- ber, 1950, when U.N. forces were reeling in retreat and spurred them along the path Body of Drowned Fisherman Found BRAINERD, Minn. The body of Michael Door, 68, Minneapolis, was recovered from Lake' Mille Lacs last night after it floated ashore, 4 of 9 Escaped Ohio Convicts Still at Large 3 Red Rioters Killed in Jap Demonstrations New Communist Uprisings in Prison Camps TOKYO "Marty's Day" demonstrations swept Japan Friday and Tokyo police killed three rioters in an acid-oil bomb throwing mob. Three newspapermen were the only Americans reported injured in rioting that spread north to Hok- kaido and south to Kyushu. Twenty five thousand police smashed 37 demonstrations partici- pated in by an estimated j persons. They arrested 111 leaders. Police said 113 officers were hurt, I but did not say how many demon- j strators were injured. The Central Committee of the Japanese Communist party called the demonstrations to mark the an- niversary of a May 30 Communist uprising two years ago. Red Outbreaks Communist-inspired outbreaks at U.N. war prisoner camps on seeth- ing Koje Island and on the Korean mainland Thursday and Friday left Armed Sentries Guard Potatoes ELIZABETH CITY, N. C. W) sentries kept watch over four tons of potatoes piled on the Elizabeth City court- house lawn last night. The potatoes occupy the fea- tured role in today's annual potato festival' here. A late season threatened to leave the festival without a po- tato to its name. But through the co-operation of growers and warehousemen, the potatoes arrived in time to be served as French fries of charge. The shortage prompted offi- cials to arrange for a National Guard company to stand watch over the potatoes until they were processed for cooking. Free Paris Trip Issue in S.D. Primary Voting By JACK BELL PIERRE, S. D. W Alleged "smear" tactics and an expense- paid trip to Paris became hot is- sues today in the bitterly-fought contest for South Dakota's 14 Re- publican presidential nominating delegates. Former Gov. George T. Mickel- nine Red prisoners killed and 17 j son was the central figure In the newest outbreak in intra-GOP war- wounded. Six of these deaths were on riot- torn Koje, where U.N. soldiers con- ,structed new, smaller compounds COLUMBUS, 0. (ft Nine con- j they hope will end POW rule in- victs, two of them murderers, es caped last night from Ohio Pen itentiary. Four remained at large early today. Four of the prisoners, including the murderers, were capturec within a matter of minutes after they seized a prison guard and crawled through a dormitory window. A fifth was nabbed about two-hours later in a Columbus railroad yard. No shots were fired during the break or when the men were caught. Warden Ralph W. Alvis said "about 10 or 12 men came up and grabed me." He said they took his keys to get to the window. Bars in the window apparently were sawed before the escape. Holiday Traffic Deaths Run Below Total Predicted By The Associated Press The nation's traffic deaths ap- peared running below the predicted total of 310 for the Memorial Day holiday week, end. A survey today, near the half- way mark in the extended holiday, showed 132 persons had Keen killed in motor mishaps, since 6 p.m. (local time) Thursday. The National Safety Council had estimated 310 persons would lose their lives in traffic accidents dur- ing the 78-hour period ending at midnight Sunday. Door was last seen Thursday morning when he started out alone on a fishing trip. His boat, contain- ing his hat and fishing tackle, float- ed ashore later that day. Roy Wickland, Crow Wing coun- ;y sheriff, said Door apparently must have fallen into the lake when he lost his balance after puli- ng up the anchor. The body was irought to a Brainerd funeral home. St. Paul Chief Dies ST. PAUL, Minn. J. 'ierney, 54, chief of St. Paul po- ice for nearly nine years and with ae police department 32 years died Fair weather over most of the nation lured millions of motorists to the highways yesterday. Pleas- ant weather also was in prospect i for the weekend. The country's accidental death toll since Thursday evening wa above 150, wiih 27 persons drownec and 24 others killed from miscel laneous violent accidents. Violem accidents caused 134 deaths las; Memorial one-day holiday Included were 84 traffic fatalities. The 104 traffic deaths in the first 36 hours of the holiday period com- pares to an average of 88 persons killed daily in highway accidents from Jan. 1 to May 1 this year. The total for the first four months was Traffic deaths in 1951 were the highest in 10 years. 3 Die in Wisconsin Holiday Mishaps By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Three persons have lost their lives as the result of accidents in Wisconsin since the long Memori- al Bay weekend began Thursday side the enclosures. In Japan three rioters were killed when about 200 Koreans, stu- dents and laborers attacked an out- lying Tokyo police station with searing acid and flaming oil bombs. Police fired into the mob as it surged forward breaking windows with sticks and stones and threaten- ing 13 officers. AP Man Hit Associated Press correspondent William C. Barnard was hit and burned on the side of the neck by an acid bomb, while reporting a clash between police and an acid- throwing mob of His injury was not serious. National rural police said the riots centered in outlying sections of Tokyo and in Osaka. Nearly 30 persons were arrested in two big Tokyo riots, 3 in Osaka and 13 Red Koreans at nearby NARA. Clashes between police and, stu- dents, workers and Koreans were reported at Sapporo and Sendai in ie north and Hiroshima and Fu- juoka in the west. On Japan's northernmost island, police broke ip a demonstration by Hokkaido University students. The nine prisoner deaths adde io tension in the U.N. prisoner o war camps in Korea. On Koje Island camp officials dis closed that five prisoners wer tilled and two wounded Friday al though only five bullets were fire rom an Ml Army rifle by an Amer can guard. In battle as many a three have been killed by one M :lug. Guard Fires The guard opened fire when a prisoner on a latrine detail attacket iim. The fifth victim died early night. Mrs. Edward J. Kinney, 72, Route 3, Madison, was killed in a two-car crash within the Madi- son limits last night. She was the mother of the Rt. Rev, Msgr. Ed- ward M. Kinney, rector of St. Raphael's Catholic Cathedral Church in Madison, Four other persons, including her husband, 79, were injured in the accident, de- tails of which were not available immediately. Harry Burns, 43, Chicago, was killed near Marshfield Thursday night when the car in which he was riding collided with a semi- trailer tractor. Edward Boldt, 64, Appleton, was killed yesterday when his car over- turned near Chilton. oday and one of the two remain ng wounded was reported in criti al condition. I Camp officials said prisoners at tacked when the guard stopped him from throwing illegal messages over the fence of a nearby com pound. Helene F. Kidd, 19-year-old Baltimore college girl, will be "Color Girl" for June Week at the Naval Academy in Ann- apolis, Md. She was named by Midshipman Joe Carter Bur- gin (right) of Macon, Ga., whom she'll wed after gradu- ation. Burgin's company, the 13th, was named as winner of competition which began last fall in "all sorts of skills. (AP Wirephoto) fare. He is heading a slate of dele- gates running for Gen, Dwight D. Eisenhower against a slate back- ing Sen. Robert A. Taft of Ohio in next Tuesday's presidential primary. Mickelson told The Associated Press, in reply to charges leveled by David S. Ingalls, Taft's cam- paign manager, that the National Eisenhower Committee had picked up the transportation check for his recent visit to the general in Paris. Mickelson said he doesn't know what total expenditure was in volved but that he spent o: his own money. Ingalls had brought up the ques- tion of Mickelson's expenses on a trip that produced a statement by the former governor that Eisen- hower supports a program of farm price supports. The farm vote in the South Dakota primary could be a decisive factor. Mickelson denied emphatically that any South Dakota Republican delegate elected in the primary will have a free ride to talk to Eisenhower in Denver or any other stopping place after the general takes off his uniform next Tuesday to become a civilian candidate for the presidential nomination. Leaders in some other states said such a program of expense free trips to consult with Eisenhower is in the works for their delega- tions. Ingalls declared in a Washing- ton statement yesterday that the purported plan for the trips "comes pretty close to efforts for bribery." Mickelson said he doesn't know about that but he believes there is a definite effort in the primary campaign here "to viciously smear" the general. Advertisements paid for by the Taft committee have depicted Eis- enhower as being "shoulder to shoulder" with President Truman and Secretary of State German Youngsters, victims of the Communist program to seal Berlin off, rest on mattress after their family and other resi- dents of the Buergerablage hamlet were dispossessed by East German people's police today. Sign in background warns of Russian zone limits, marked by felled tree trunk. The Buer- gerablage section lies in the Red sector on the fringe of the West Berlin limits. (AP Wirephoto to The Republican-Herald) Clay Sure West Can Beat Berlin Squeeze By WILLIAM L. RYAN NEW YORK man who broke the Soviet blockade of Berlin with the historic airlift of 1948-49 says the West can whip another one, if and when the Russians impose it. Gen. Lucius D. Clay, former U.S. military governor of Germany, noted the Soviet Union is making menacing gestures in Germany but he does not believe they are ready to make war. "It is always possible that they would push us more than we would take, but I doubt he told this reporter. "I think war will come only if the Soviets are ready for war. I doubt very much that they think they can win such a war now. If they' had wanted a war and were prepared for it, we would have had it in 1947." Clay left Germany in 1949 after directing the airlift which dealt the Soviet Union ,a mighty psychologi- cal blow. He is chairman of the Continental Can Company. He also leads the privately operated Cru- sade for Freedom which supports Jadio Free Europe's broadcasts.1 The Russians today are making gestures which lead many to think another blockade is in the 'offing. 3ut Clay feels they are only using their regular tactics of terror and hreat of war to balk Western de- ense moves. If they should clamp on a fu] Continued on Page 9, Column 5. CLAY Memorial Day Speakers Eye Unrest Abroad ur 45 Families Ordered Out Of Village Paris Police Launch Drive Against Reds By GODFREY ANDERSON PARIS police launched widespread raids on Com- munist party headquarters and local offices throughout Paris today as the government tightened its crackdown on Reds. Steel-helmeted police carrying submachine guns set out at dawn :o make simultaneous raids in vari- ous parts of the city. Authorities concentrated on the Central Headquarters at Rue de Chateaudun and Central, Com- mittee Headquarters in Rue Lepel- etier. Thick Smoke Thick smoke billowed from.the chimneys of the party headquarters as members apparently burned doc- uments while 400 police were mass- ing before the door. The search orders were issued iy the examining magistrate who s handling the case of France's 1o. 1 Red, Jacques Duclos, now in irison on charges of plotting ;gainst the internal security of the tate. Duclos, secretary general of 'ranee's Communist party, and undreds of other Reds were ar- ested in connection with Wednes- ay's bloody riots sparked, by the rrival of Gen. Matthew B. Ridg- to take over Gen. Eisenhow- r's Allied command. When police arrived at the party eadquarters today Communist of- cials hastily barred the door and efused them entry. Finally police ad to get a locksmith to force the door. 'By Tht Associated Press The simmering unrest of Com munists in Europe and Asia pro vided a grim backdrop for th solemn observance of America' Memorial Day. This nation's war dead wer< lonored throughout the Unitec States and in Japan, England France, Italy, Germany, Sweden and other foreign countries. And for most Americans it mean a three-day with picnics and big sporting events. The weekend brought a slowly mount ing toll of accidental death, mostly from traffic and drowning. There were speeches at some o: the ceremonies but merely the lay ing of a wreath in others. The traditional 21-gun salute was firec in many. Some Walk Away Russian. Polish and Czech Unitec Nations delegates walked away from the grave of the late Presi- dent Franklin D. Roosevelt when W. Averell Harriman declared in a speech at Hyde Park, N. Y.: "A former ally which we had helped save from destruction, in order that it might join in destroy- ing Nazi tyranny, turned traitor to the cause of peace and interna- tional good faith, and promoted an even more terrible tyranny of its own." In Arlington National Cemetery at Washington, wreaths were laid for President Truman at the tomb of the unknown soldier, the Con- federate monument, the Spanish War memorial and the monument of the Civil War's unknown soldier. In the Far East, fighting con- inued in Korea and Indochina and Martyr's Day Red riots rocked Japan. Tokyo police killed three persons in a Communist mob which attacked with searing acid and flaming oil bombs. The only njury to Americans there was suf- 'ered by a reporter. Another U. S. newsman was hurt in Kobe. 'In a 'Memorial Day statement, Jen. Mark Clark, supreme United Cations commander in the Far Sast, said: "We best honor pur fallen com- by our devotion to the great causes for which they died and for vhich we continue to battle." Churchmen and officials joined Americans in Europe-t-mostly Jacqutc ary in observing the 'ay. 4 Part of Soviet Plan to Seal Off Berlin From Zone BERLIN HV-Communist police abruptly seized the hamlet of Buer- gerablage on the fringe of free West Berlin today and ordered its 43 familes to get out of their homes. Western authorities here said it was part of the Communist pro- gram to seal Berlin off from tht surrounding Russian zone. As part of the increasing Com- munist pressure in the campaign against the newly signed-West Ger- man peace contract, the Russians also turned back Allied patrol can on the Berlin-Helmstedt Autobahn. West Berliners feared a new block- ade was in the making. There were reports other fringe territories also would be seized, notably Steinstuecken which bord- ers on the American sector. Ih- jabitants there and elsewhere on ie fringe areas were alarmed as the Russians and the East Ger- man Communists heightened cold war tempo. In British Sector Buergerablage lies just within the Russian zone but administrativ- ely it belonged to the borough of Spandau, in the British sector. Sud- denly this morning the-black-clad ommunist Volkspolizei (People's Police) appeared and knocked oa ibe doors of the residents. The 43 families were told to clear out. They were given no reason. But the action was believed part of the Communist pattern of creat- .ng "security belts" for the "Rus- sian zone. These "no-mans-lands" are being created around Berlin as well as along the Russian zone's border with Allied West Germany. The East German Communist government has announced it is setting up a "security belt" along he zonal border. It claimed this was necessary to "keep out spies and saboteurs" from West Ger- many, which this week signed po- itical and military alliances w'th the West. No Man's Land But nothing was said about seal- ing off Berlin with a similar no- mans-land. Therefore, the swoop n tiny Buergerablage came as a urprise. West Berlin police said le people there were told by the ommunist police they should pack up and go to West you belong." Should the Communists also move in on Steinstuecken they will be seizing a plot of cold war ground which had made headlines before. Last October the People's Police grabbed little Steinstuecken, al- leging it was a nest of "Western black but rightfully belonged to the Soviet zone. The Communists withdrew four days later after protests had been lodged by American authorities. Stein- stuecken is a village of 50 families which is separated from the Ameri- can sector by about 600 yards of Russian zone. Road traffic along the big. super- highway connecting Berlin with the free world was normal. But Berliners awaited the invocation tomorrow of an East German government order requiring special passes for Germans traveling in the Soviet zone. The new order could bring about a virtual blockade of Berlin if the Communists decide to crack down on all travel in and out of the 15 Huks Killed Near Manila MANILA troops nirsuing a fleeing Communist Huk 'orce killed a total of 15 Huks yes- lerday and early today, defense icadquarters announced. The troops occupied the Commu- list hideout, on the east shore of jaguna de Bay, a large lake south of Manila, after a battle lasting an lour. Eleven Huks were killed in hat engagement and four more ;arly today. WEATHER FEDERAL FORECAST Winona and to- night and Sunday. Cooler tonight. Low tonight 45, high Sunday 68. LOCAL WEATHER Official observations for the 24 lours ending at 12 m. Friday; Maximum, 64; minimum, 42; oon, 64; precipitation, .61. Official observations for the 24 ours ending at 12 m. today: Maximum, 68; minimum, 50; oon, 68; precipitation, none; sun ets tonight at sun rises to- morrow at Additional weather oa page 10.
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