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Winona Republican Herald Newspaper Archive: May 29, 1952 - Page 1

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   Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - May 29, 1952, Winona, Minnesota                              Cloudy, Warmer Tonight; Local Showers Friday VOLUME 52, NO. 88 Baseball on KWNO 9 Tonight Owatonni Friday Rochester FIVE CENTS PER COPY WINONA, MINNESOTA, THURSDAY EVENING, MAY 29, 1952 SIXTEEN PAOB Leading French Red Arrested By PRESTON 6ROVER PARIS police broadened their crackdown on demon- strating Communists today in the wake of the arrest of Frances top Red and 900 or more of his cohorts after brief but bloody noting Gen. Matthew B. Ridgway. Branding the demonstrations against the new NATO commander a false front for a Red revolutionary plot against the French state, Gen. Harrison Accuses Reds of Blocking Peace By SAM SUMMERLIN MUNSAN, Korea The chief United Nations truce delegate to- day accused the Communists of blocking a Korean armistice out of disappointment that so few Red war prisoners want to go home. In another futile session at Pan- munjom, Maj. Gen. William K. Harrison Jr. reminded the Com- munists they had agreed to the screening which determined that nearly of Red POWs and civilian internees are unwilling to be repatriated. Reds Bitter He suggested another recess to give the Communists time to re- consider their demand for the re- turn of all prisoners. But the Reds Insisted on another meeting at 11 a.m. tomorrow (9 p.m., EST, to- "The factor which prevents an armistice Harrison said, "is not your objection to the screening process itself but rather your chagrin at the small number of persons who stated that they would not forcibly resist repatria- tion a number which was obtained authorities seized today's editions of Communist newspapers through- out France. Paris police held more than 900 Jacques general demonstrators Duclos, party and France's including secretary No. 1 Communist. They nabbed him in an automobile at the peak of last night's riots and said they found in the car a pistol, a blackjack, two carrier pigeons and a radio geared for intercept- ing police radio signals. Other Red outbreaks were re- ported in Marseille, where 150 were picked up; in Bordeaux, on the Atlantic coast, and in the Med- iterranean resort of Nice, where 30 demonstrators were jailed. In the Paris riots one demonstra- tor was killed, 17 others badly hurt and some 200 police were injured. The toll at Nice was three police and 22 civilians injured. Reds Hit Back The Reds struck back in Mar- seille against the newspaper seiz- ure. Gangs there stopped trucks delivering a non-Communist paper, dumped the bundles out and burn- ed them. Other trucks delivering Paris newspapers in Marseille were seized and burned. There was no immediate indica- tion of how many Red papers were seized, but the number was re- ported increasing hourly. As the cabinet met to discuss se- curity measures, sources close to the Interior Ministry indicated Du- clos, a member of the French parliament, would be charged with an attempt against the internal se- curity of the state. Interior Minis- ter Charles Brune said last night the government had proof of an by the fairest means possible and "organized and permanent conspir- by a device which had your full acquiescence. 'Not Worth Penny' Harrison told the Reds again at the 65-minute session that the Al- lied offer to repatriate only those POWs willing is final. It brought this irritated rejoinder from the chief Communist negoti- ator, North Korean Gen. Nam II: "I advise you to pack up from now on such words as final and ir- revocable which are not worth a penny." Brig. Gen. William P. Nuckols, U.N. spokesman, said the firm Al- lied stand "seems to -be getting under his (Nam's) skin a little bit." Nam launched into another bitter attack on Allied treatment of pris- oners. But he did not renew his Tuesday and Wednesday warnings of military action. Rejects Proposal Senate to End Price Controls WASHINGTON The Senate today rejected a proposal to end wage-price controls June 30. The proposal was offered by Rep. Dirksen (R-I11) as an amendment to a bill to continue the controls until March 1.' The roll call .vote on the amend- ment showed 52 senators against Dirksen's proposal and 18 in favor of it. The Senate opened debate on the bill today. If nothing is done be- fore June 30, wage and price con- trols will die automatically at that time. 3 Billion More Asked for Atomic Project Expansion WASHINGTON President Truman today asked Congress for for a "major further expansion" of atomic production facilities. The money, in the form of a supplemental appropriation, would go to the Atomic Energy Commis- sion and the Tennessee Valley Au- thority. Truman said, in a letter to House Speaker Rayburn, the expansion is necessitated by the fact that "the Soviet Union has shown no disposition to co-operate in an in- ternational program for control and regulation of armaments." Lacking international control of atomic energy, he added, "the na- tional security and the security of the free world demand that we maintain and increase our leader- ship in this field." The President asked the funds for the fiscal year starting July the same time, he declared: "The United States stands ready to move ahead on the United Na- tions plan or any other plan that is no less effective in controlling atomic energy and thereby insur- ing the prohibition of atomic weap- ons." acy by the Communist troops." But "despite the behavior and training of the Communist Brune said, "the forces of protec- tion will always be masters of the situation." Two Arrested Duclos' wife, his Belgian chauf- feur and an Alsatian bodyguard were arrested along with the Red leader. They were still held to- day. Attorneys for Duclos, who heads France's Communist party in the absence in Russia of Maurice Thorez, demanded his release on grounds that his arrest violated his parliamentary immunity. News of the arrest was blazoned today on the front pages of the Communist press. Seizure of the papers apparently was ordered to lessen incitement to further riot- ing. The Paris rioting centered around the Place de la Republique, where a police cordon barred demonstrators trying to hold a planned demonstration against Ridgway. The firing occurred at the nearby Gare de 1'Est (east station) when several hundred demonstrators charged a barrier of about 30 police. Police said thousands were in volved in the outbreaks. They could give no accurate estimate of the total, however, because as the rioters were scattered, they re- sumed fighting in other sections of the city. Authorities said the demonstra- tors had used a new technique. The heart of each marching group was composed of seasoned Red toughs, armed with rocks and spik- ed clubs. When a group was block- ed in one place, some of its lead- ers would swarm into the subway, ride to another spot and start trou- ble there. These groups of toughs, police said, were stationed in many parts of the city, prepared to fight it out with police with far more de- termination than ordinary work- ers induced to come out for the demonstrations. The rioting broke out just at the conclusion of the meeting here of high American officials study- ing the problem of French defense. After the meeting, Secretary of State Acheson left the foreign of- fice to call on President Vincent Auriol. The demonstrations al- ready were on, but the action rag- ed a considerable distance away from either the foreign office or Auriol's residence. Acheson's automobile went with- out police escort. After calling on Auriol, he went to the residence of U. S. Ambassador James C. Dunn where he is staying. No Paper Friday Following its usual custom, The Republican-Herald "will omit publication Friday, Me- morial Day, to allow employes to spend the day with their families. Since there will there- fore be but five issues this week, the charge for carrier- delivered newspapers this week will be 25 cents instead of 30 cents. World May Be Trigger Happy, Davies Warns MILWAUKEE UP) Joseph E. Davies, former ambassador to Rus- sia, said last night no nation wants a third world war but the guns are loaded and some "trigger hap- py" soldier can set it off. "Precarious" was the word he applied to the state of things. Davies, who today was fo pre- sent the annual scholarship he set up at Watertown High School, his alma mater, spoke at a dinner given him by his cousin, Victor Stamm. The 75-year-old statesman said the United States is following the right line. The trouble is, he added, the Russians, shielded from the truth, may think they too are doing the right thing. Justice Dept. Men Resign To McGranery By KARL WASHINGTON BAUMAN the top men in the Justice Department have handed in their resignations, but that doesn't necessarily mean they will be leaving soon. James P. McGranery, who took office as attorney general Tuesday, called for the resignations, it was learned today. Most, but not all, attorneys gen- eral in the past have taken the same course. The idea is to give thenew boss a free hand in making whatever changes he might desire. Addressed to Truman The undated resignations were sent'to McGranery, but were ad- dressed to President Truman. Mc- Granery will keep them handy for transmittal to the 'white House if and when he decides on changes. those asked to hand in resig- nations are presidential appointees assistant attorneys general who head divisions. Department officials said Mc- Granery presumably followed the usual course and sent his own res- ignation to Truman's desk. That was how Truman fired his last attorney general, J. Howard Mc- Grath. He simply -got McGrath's resignation out of the files and announced it was accepted. In addition to McGranery and Solicitor General Philip B. Perl- man, second-ranking official in the department, presidential appoint- ees include these division chiefs, all with the rank of assistant attorney general: H. Graham Morison, anti-trust; William Amory Underbill, lands; Holmes Baldridge, claims; James M. Mclnerney, Criminal Division, and Harold I. Baynton, alien prop- erty. Also Joseph C. Duggan, a top-ranking assistant attorney gen- eral who does not head a division. To Name Tax Chief One of the first appointments under the McGranery regime will be a new chief of the Tax Division. That division has been headed by an acting chief since the Presi- dent fired T. Lamar Caudle last November during an investigation of Internal Revenue Bureau scan- dals. McGranery, in his first meeting with reporters, did not indicate what changes, if any, he had in mind. One of his first acts was to call for reports from all division heads "on the entire situation" within each division, with specific recommendations on all pending cases. Reduced Foreign Aid Bill Given O.K. of Senate Further Cuts Certain in Conference By JOE HALL WASHINGTON Senate has overwhelmingly passed a foreign aid bill but the mutual security program is almost sure to be cut further be- fore any money actually becomes available. The final Senate vote on passage last night was 64-10 with 39 Demo- crats and 25 Republicans joining in support of the measure to aid America's friends all over the world. Nine Republicans and one Democrat Olin Johnston said "No." But the bill now goes into con- ference with the House, which voted last Friday, 245-110, to au- thorize the spending of 000 in the fiscal year starting this July 1. Big Difference This 537-million-dollar difference between the two branches means that an additional cut in the Senate total is almost inevitable. Then, after the compromise au- thorization measure is passed, the lawmakers will get another crack at the program when an appropria- tions bill actually making the money available is debated. President Truman asked for declaring this the minimum needed for America's security. He has been sharply critical of the cuts voted by the House. The bulk of the money in the authorization bill is for direct mili- tary assistance designed to equip the forces of American allies in Western Europe and elsewhere. Administration forces in the Sen- ate beat down all efforts to cut the voted by Senate com- mittees until late in yesterday's session. Many Absent Then Sen. Long (D-La) was able to get through a 200-million re- duction by a 37-34 vote, partly be- cause half a dozen senators voting against cuts had gone home. Earl- ier, Long's proposal for a 400- million cut lost, 40-37. However, some Republican sen- ators had been confident that the Senate would vote at least a half- billion slash on the floor. An amendment by Sen. Welker (R- Idaho) to do this was defeated, 41-33. Several GP senators supporting Gen. Dwight D. Eisenhower for the Republican presidential nomi- nation joined with a majority of Democrats to defeat all but the 200-million-dollar cut. Eisenhower had advised Con- gress against any substantial re- ductions beyond the one billion dol- lars voted in Senate committee. Sen. Robert A. Taft of Ohio, Eis- enhower's leading opponent for the nomination, voted for all of the reductions proposed yesterday. Over half of the money in the Senate bill, or is for direct military help to America's North Atlantic Treaty Organization partners in Western Europe. Aid to Europe The next biggest chunk, is for defense'support or economic aid to Western Europe. This is designed to assist the NATO countries in using their own pro- duction facilities for their defense buildup. Here A Daytime View of the general alarm fire in Scranton's Central City, Pa. Flames swept through three buildings and a fourth was damaged by smoke and water today. Damage is estimated be- tween and (AP Wirephoto to The Republican- Herald) enewa eare Four Ocean Liners, harbingers of a record transatlantic tourist season, make ready to carry passengers to European ports from. New York. The huge Queen Mary, backing out into the Hudson River, New York, and the left, both departed yesterday. The Media, at right, and the larger Mauretania leave today. (AP Wirephoto to The Republican-Herald) Big Red Guns Turn Back Allied Raid By JOHN RANDOLPH SEOUL, Korea big guns turned back an Allied raid with their mightiest barrage of the year Wednesday. It was the same day Red truce negotiators threatened to renew heavy fighting in Korea. The Communists poured rounds of fire on U.N. positions in That's five times 24 hours. That's five times the Reds normal volume in the present limited-action phase of the war. Half the shells broke up an Allied raid on a three-hill enemy position near Korangpo on the Western Front. Heavy Communist mortar and artillery barrages also TOKYO Gen. Aaron W. pounded two sectors east of the Tyer, vice commander of the Japan Air Defense Force and a twice-wounded veteran of World War II, was killed yesterday in a Noted General Killed in Japan YO Gen. Aaro: vice commander of jet crash. The Air Force said today Tyer's F94 Starfire jet nosed down short- ly after takeoff, clipped the tops of the once heavily .contested Punchbowl 'on the Eastern Front. Intensity of the Red fire didn't match Allied peaks of up to rounds in a single day. U.N. assault troops had stormed two of the hills near Korangpo within three hours of their 3 a.m. two small buildings, crashed and! attack. The third held out until burned in a rice paddy. a.m. Tanks provided fire sup- Killed with Tyer was Capt. E. R. port in the attack on one hill and Crane of Wichita, Kan., a troops assaulted with fixed fighter pilot with 160 missions in bayonets on another. The Reds leu World War II and in Korea. Air Force headquarters in Tokyo did not know if Tyer was at the controls. The plane crashed near Komaki Air Base in Central Hon- shu. Preliminary reports attributed the crash to a possible the failure of combustion in a jet engine. Tyer, 40, was a pilot-general who regularly flew his own plane. He was the first Air Force general killed in.the Far East since the Pacific War, the Air Force said, ii Wisconsin Central Names Vice President MADISON Central Airlines announced today that Don- ald A. Duff, formerly with Colonial Airlines, Inc., New York, had been named executive vice president and general manager of Central. Francis M. Higgins, president of j the Wisconsin company, said Duff would be in active charge of opera- tions in his new job. WEATHER FEDERAL FORECAST Winona and cloudiness and warmer tonight. Friday mostly cloudy and 'local showers. Low tonight 44, high Friday 74. LOCAL WEATHER Official observations for the 24 hours ending at 12 m. today: Maximum, 67; minimum, 38; noon, 67; precipitation, none; sun sets tonight at sun rises to- morrow at Additional weather on page 13. 105 soldiers dead or wounded. In a savage fight northwest of Yonchon, Allied troops repulsed two Chinese companies preparing to assault -the main United Nations line. The Eighth Army reported 96 Chinese bunkers, six machine-gun nests and 12 communications trenches smashed by its Patton and Sherman tanks on the Central Front. Kefauver Due To Pick Up Home State Delegates NASHVILLE Estes Ke- fauver of Tennessee was due to pick up his home state's 28 dele- gate votes today as Democrats assembled for a state convention. Party leaders in Tennessee are solidly behind Kefauver's candidacy for the Democratic presidential nomination. The assemblage is ex- pected to instruct Tennessee's dele- gates to vote as a unit for the native son candidate. The State Democratic Executive Committee recently put up for Kefauver's campaign. Taft Assured of Alabama Lead BIRMINGHAM, Ala. Wl Sen. Robert Taft of Ohio apparently was assured today of a majority of Alabama's 14 delegates to the Re- publican convention. Supporters of the Ohio senator claimed 10 votes for their man as the GOP State Convention met to select four delegates from the state at large. Claude 0. Vardaman, Republican State Committee Chairman and a backer of Gen. Dwight D. Eisen- hower for President, conceded that Taft would have a majority of the Alabama votes at Chicago. British Troops Help Break Prison Riot KOJE ISLAND, U.S. and British troops, using tear gas bombs, today broke up a Communist demonstra- tion in a compound for defiant North Korean officer prisoners of war and tore down the prisoners' ramshackle command post and dispensary. There were no casualties on either side. The Reds began parading this afternoon in the compound where officers and 650 enlisted or- derlies are held. Use Tear At least 100 U.S. and British in- fantrymen entered the enclosure shortly after on orders of Col. Taylor, deputy commander of the United Nations Koje Island prison up the demonstra- tion with tear gas bombs and drove the Reds into the center of the compound. Then they systemati- cally ripped apart the two metal shacks serving as the POWs' com- mand post and dispensary. The Reds apparently staged the disturbance in an attempt to force Brig. Gen. Haydon L, Boatner, camp. They broke camp commander, to visit the com- pound and confer with them, a camp spokesman said. Reds Make The spokesman added that Boat- ner received "a long, abusive, in- sulting, demanding letter" from the compound leader two days ago. The general never answered it because the letter violated Boat- ner's rules that messages to him from POWs must be "brief, courte- ous and to the point." Boatner also refused to go to the compound gate during the distur- bance. But, from a distance, he watched his U.N. soldiers break it up. After a short period of watch- ing he returned to his quarters to interview officers and to prepare a statement on the incident Downtown Stores Open Until 9 O'clock Tonight rea U.S. Leaders Take Hints of Reds Seriously Enemy May Feel Army Strong Enough To- Win Decision By JOHN M. HIGHTOWER WASHINGTON IS Threaten- ing .Red hints of renewed large- scale warfare in Korea have been received in official Washington with deadly seriousness. They have sharpened the belief of top-ranking authorities that the Chinese and North Korean Com- munists, having built up a million- man army and a more powerful lir force during the 11 months of ruce talks, may now launch major offensive. The armistice negotiations stalled upon insistence by the Uni- :ed Nations Command that none of its Chinese and North Korean captives should be forced to go lome, and upon a report of a sur- vey among these captives that of held only about were willing to go home. Reds Firm Red negotiators have been equal- ly firm in rejecting voluntary re- patriation and in denouncing the results of the survey.- No one in the American government now seems to see any real tor resolving the issue. Moreover, officials speculate that, with new tensions building up in Germany'because of Russian re- sistance to West German indepen- dence and rearmament, the men in the Kremlin probably do not now see advantages to" a truce in Korea, which- were open to them a few months or even a few weeks ago; If their steps taken so far to disrupt communications between Western Germany and Berlin and to restrict movement into the So- viet zone are forerunners of more serious trouble they plan to make, authorities here believe they might logically want to keep as much Western force as possible tied up in Korea. Ruffian Strategy Until a short time ago Russian strategy seemed to be directed to- ward disrupting Allied plans for Germany with a peace offensive as their major weapon. At that time the advantages which they might have won from a Commu- nist-United Nations truce in Korea were rated high. For an end to the fighting would immediately have brought to the fore the Far Eastern political problems which pose con- troversial issues among the West- ern powers. Reports from Wednesday's session in Korea quoted North Ko- rean Gen. Nam II as renewing charges that Communist prisoners had been mistreated in U.N. camps and declaring that the Korean and Chinese Red armies "absolutely shall not sit idle While their fellow combatants are being wantonly murdered." Situation In London yesterday Prime Min- ister Churchill told Parliament that the situation in Korea was "very grave" and Defense Minister Lord Alexander said that the Reds now have a force of almost a million men as compared with about half that many last July. Churchill said American generals commanding the U.N. force "be- lieve they are capable of holding a violent offensive which may be made against them on the break- down of the peace negotiations." His estimate of the dangers of the situation, as well as his report of the belief that a major attack can be successfully met, are in line with estimates privately made by authorities here. Truman Vetoes TidelandsBill WASHINGTON UP) President Truman today vetoed legislation to give the states title to oil-rich lands beyond their coasts. The President, in a message to the Senate, said the bill would turn over to certain- states as a free gift "very valuable lands and min- eral resources of the United States as a whole, that is, of all the peo- ple of the country." His action dumps the long-last- ing states-versus-federal govern- ment issue back into the hands of Congress, where a two-thirds ma- jority vote in both Houses would be required to make the legisla- tion law over the veto. The House is expected to over- ride the veto, but a close contest it forecast in the Senate,   

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