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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - May 27, 1952, Winona, Minnesota Clearing Today; Wednesday Partly Cloudy, Cooler Chiefs vs. Waseca 8 Tonight KWNO Dugout Interviews VOLUME 52, NO. 86 FIVE CENTS PER COPY WINONA, MINNESOTA. TUESDAY EVENING, MAY 27, 1952 Red Tracers Threaten Big Offensive Resumed Talks Bogged Down Over POW Issue By SAM SUMMERLIN MUNSAN, Korea truce negotiators today made a veiled threat of a Red offensive as Korea armistice talks resumed after a three-day im- 'mediately bogged down over the prisoner of war issue. The prisoner issue alone blocks an armistice. The Reds demand return of all their captured sol- diers. The United Nations Com- mand says not a single captured Red will be forced to return against his will. Weil-Worn North Korean Gen. Nam II re- peated his well-worn charges that the Allies have been slaughtering POWs. He referred to the April 10 riots on Koje Island which were disclosed during the recess. Then he declared: "The Korean People's Army and the Chinese Peoples' Volunteers decidedly cannot sit by while see- ing their captured fellow combat- ants being slaughtered by your side at will." The U.N. spokesman, Brig. Gen. William P. Nuckols, said Nam Il's statement "could be interpreted" as a threat of stepped up warfare by Communist troops. But Maj. Gen. William K. Har- rison Jr., senior U.N. delegate, passed off Nam Il's statement as propaganda. Another plenary session was scheduled for Panmunjom tomor- row at 11 a.m. (9 p.m. EST.) Red Demands At the start of today's 34-minute session Nam II demanded that the Allies accept the Reds' May 2 pro- posal calling for return of captured Reds. Harrison rejected it. Allied screening of Red captives showed only wanted to return to Red territory. Harrison offered the Communists the right to participate in a rescreening of prisoners. Nam, II refused. TODAY Cuts Peril Def. Gen. Dwight D. Eisenhower, retiring as NATO boss, welcomed his successor, Gen. Matthew B. Ridgway, hatless, after Ridgway's arrival by plane at Orly Field, Paris, France, this morning. At right is French Defense Minister Rene Pleven. Ridgway suc- ceeds Eisenhower in three days as commander at SHAPE. (AP Wirephoto to The Republican-Herald) Ridgway Welcome Defies French Reds By CARTER DAVIDSON P4RIS UPl-Gen. Matthew B. Ridgway landed in Europe shortly after "noon today to take over command of the Western world s mili- tary defense against Communist aggression in Europe. A U S Air Force plane brought him from New York to Paris Orly Field, just 10 dayslessthaneight yearsf after-he Pouted to the 'eril tenses Of Nation ly JOSEPH and STEWART ALSOP WASHINGTON The House and Senate are plainly determined to deal with this year's defense and foreign aid appropriations in the manner of Lizzie Borden in a pee- vish moment. Having given the defense of the United States 40 mg catastrophe, he said, it might Certain Deaf Cases Respond io X-Ray MINNEAPLIS types f deafness are responding to reatment with X-ray, physicians attending the Minnesota State Med- ical Association meeting were told today. Dr. J. Donald Sjoding, of Man- kalo, reviewing latest techniques, said World War II medical experi- ence advance the use of X-ray in treating ear disorders. He noted that 25 per cent of the submarine trainees examined dur- ing the war had damage to the middle ears. X-ray is one of the few treatments that can be used to reach obstructions in this area of the ear, he said. The doctors also learned more about the medical aspects of the nation's preparedness program.. Dr. Thomas H. Seldon of Ro- chester said that experiences gain- ed during World War II familiar- ized almost everyone with the value of blood for transfusion. In the event of an overwhelm- Senate O.K. For New German whacks some weeks ago, the House now has given 41 to foreign aid. The Senate will not be far behind. It is important, first, to trace to its source this spirit of carefree ax-wielding. The chief source is the organized group of business lobbyists, who are always hard at work here justifying their salaries. Among these, the United States Chamber of Commerce is the most important; also, the National As- sociation of Manufacturers and even the Committee for Economic Development have been giving a helping hand. The U. S. Chamber, which is like all such outfits in having its policies mainly formed by its per- manent staff, apparently made up its mind some time ago that the election year was the moment to knock spots' out of the defense pro- gram. Accordingly it has been rallying the hundreds of. local Chambers of Commerce, which are inclined to follow their big brother without asking many questions. The small businessmen of the local Chambers have in turn subjected the senators and representatives to strong blasts of heat from back home. And so cut after cut has been voted in both defense and foreign aid. No Frontal Attack The important feature of this process is the reasoning behind it. The U. S. Chamber propaganda (always headed, "It's your money they're has avoided any frontal attack on the national se- curity program. Instead, it has boldly charged the military serv- ices with "pure.waste of ,000 or more" per year, and has urged "saving" by across-the-board cuts. This is, of course, precisely the method the House and Senate nave adopted. When queried about this remark- able figure, however, U. S. Chamber officials confessed that they were unable to document it in any detail. The figure was, it appeared, the result of mystical contemplation, plus talks with Rep. (Continued on Page 14, Column 4) ALSOPS well happen that the suppfr of blood would prove to be insuffi- cient. He said it was important that all who may be concerned "become well acquainted with soil of France to help liberate it from German occupation. Gen. Dwight D. Eisenhower was at the airport to meet the man who will relieve him as supreme Allied commander in Europe. Several other officials, including French Defense Minister Rene Ple- ven, U. S. Ambassador James C. Dunn and many of the Allied offi- cers he will command in SHAPE, also joined in the official greeting. A few minutes before Ridgway landed a flight of 32 French bomb- ers flew over Orly Field. Police on Guard More than French security police had been turned out to make sure that Communists did not suc- cessfully cause a disturbance. Eisenhower and Ridgway drove into Paris through the Champs Elysee, past the tomb of France's unknown soldier and out to SHAPE supreme headquarters, Allied powers in Europe outside the city. French authorities chose the en- try route as a gesture of contempt to Communists who threatened to demonstrate against the arrival. The direct route from the airfield to SHAPE bypasses the city, but the government wanted to show they could handle the Reds. Inter- ior Minister Charles Brune had or- dered police-to crack the heads of anyone trying to start a riot. Two hours before Ridgway reached Orly, police and steel-hel- meted mobile guardsmen lined the road near the airfield. In all, some blood-volume expanders as well as police were on duty in sec with whole citrated blood." The medics named Dr. 0. J. Campbell, Minneapolis as presi- dent elect and chose St. Paul as next year's meeting place. Dr. Justus Ohage, St. Paul was elected first vice president and Dr. C. (E. Merket, Minneapolis, second vice president. Dr. B. B. Souster, St. Paul, secretary, and Dr. W. H. Condit, Minneapolis, treasurer, were re-elected. Dr. J. A. Bargen, Rochester, was named American Medical Associa- tion delegate and Dr. Paul C. Leek, Austin, alternate. tio'ns of the city on the general's route. 'Hate Ridgway' Drive France's Communists have spearheaded the "Hate-Ridgway" campaign. They already have touched off minor demonstrations against "Le General their name for him since they made him the main target for the Red line that U. N. forces have waged germ warfare in Korea. Ridgway has repeatedly asserted that U. N. troops have made no such attacks. New Attorney General James P. McGranery of Philadelphia, left, shares a laugh with former Attorney General J. Howard McGrath as they got together at the Justice Department in Wash- ington this morning after McGranery had been sworn into office. McGrath was fired by President Truman after McGrath discharged Newbold Morris as corruption-hunting assistant. (AP Wirephoto to The Republican-Herald) Truman Warns Against Cuts in Foreign Aid Says Slashes Will Help Reds More Than Hurt White House Bulletin WASHINGTON Sen- ate beat down today a move to chop an additional billion dollars off President Truman's Foreign Aid Bill. The roll call vote was 35 to 27. By JOE HALL WASHINGTON UP) The Senate continued debate today on the foreign aid bill after a sharply-worded plea from Presi- dent Truman asking Congress not to play politics with world peace by slashing the total. The President last night said the House in cutting his request by "picked the two places in the world where the danger is greatest, where the Communist threat is Europe and Asia'. Expressing hope that the Senate would restore the money, he said the House action opens the way to Communist subversion in coun- tries of Asia. Cripples Allies Such cuts would cripple the ef- forts of America's Allies in Europe and Asia 'to raise and equip the forces they need to meet the threat of Soviet might, the President said. "They did-not they did not want to they were endangering the lives of American boys, and the safety of American cities and American he said. He said, "Some people would rather embarrass the White House then checkmate the and added: "I don't think they knew what they were doing." The President spoke at a dinner commemorating the completion of Kfar Truman, a colony in Israel named for him. Pending is an amendment spon- sored by Sen. Welker (R-Idaho) and 10 of his GOP colleagues to slice another one billion dollars from the of the key bills of the 1952 session. Backers of the measure are con- fident they can beat down this proposal. But Welker has another one which would knock off half a bil- lion dollars and Sen. Long (D-La) has filed an amendment to cut the authorization 400 millions. The votes on these may be so close that the absentees could decide the outcome. Floor managers for the measure know they are going to have to 'pick up a number of Republican 1 votes to offset the 10 or 12 Demo- crats who are committed to fur- ther reductions. Sen. Connally chairman of the Foreign Relations Commit- tee, led off debate yesterday by taunting economy advocates to vote to eliminate the program entirely. he said, "you can go home and strut yourself before your constituents and say I saved seven billion dollars and let the world go to hell." Last Year in Senate The 74-year-old Texan, serving his last year in the Senate and making his swan song speech on a major bill out of his committee, said that just when the mutual security program was beginning to pay dividends in Europe was not the time to make the- world think the United States is "cooling off" on it. Connally argued that slashing the foreign aid program sharply might well help to bring on World War III. However, Minority Leader Bridges without naming the specific additional cut he would support, told the Senate the United States must adopt a "get tough" policy on foreign spending. The nation can't afford to throw away money "just to be an inter- national jolly good Bridges declared. Stores Open Thursday Evening Downtown Winona stores will be open until 9 p.m. Thursday, to permit Memorial Day shop- pers to prepare for the holiday weekend. The change was necessitated by the all-day closing of the stores for the Memorial Day observance, May 30. Next week, the stores -will return to the regular Friday evening opening. A Lone West Berlin operator manned the only switchboard left in operation in Berlin today after the Communists cut tele- phone communications between East and West Berlin and 17 long distance lines between West Berlin and West Germany. (AP Wire- photo to The Republican-Herald) Million-Man Army Planned for West By" CARTER L. DAVIDSON PARIS of the Western world sign their names more than 400 times today, to- a treaty and agreements they hope will backbone the Atlantic defense system with one million men in history's first peacetime international European army. In a companion pact to the West German Peace Contract signed yesterday at Bonn, the ments of France, Italy, West Ger- many, Belgium, Holland and Lux- embourg are agreeing to pool their separate land, sea and air might in Elderly Negro Migrant Worker Gets a single, one-uniform, force ready to repel Communist aggression. In separate agreements the United States, Britain and the other nations of the North Atlantic Alliance agree to fight if any Euro- pean army nation is attacked in guarantee chiefly to West Germany since the others are covered by the North Atlantic MIAMI, Ma. elderly and Pact. ill Negro migrant worker has But despite the array of diplo-1 come into through couri matic leaders here for the impres- approval of an agreement to di sive signing ceremonies, the Euro- vide an estate pean army the West Germany pact today is many months away from being an effec- tive order to assemble a fighting force. Until both pacts are ratified by the parliaments behind each signer, neither comes into force. Both documents face bitter, deter- mined opposition that may defeat them. The signing starts about 5 p.m. in the ornate clock room of the French foreign ministry. With the treaty and eight related agree- ments to be endorsed, the process will be a long one of many signa- tures. West German Chancellor Konrad Adenauer leads the alpha- betical parade of magne" is French for German. The basic treaty provides for the six-nation European Defense Com- munity (EDO and its single armed force. The agreements cover secret military arrangements for actual deployment of European army sol- diers and such relationships as those between the EDC and the North Atlantic Treaty Organi- zation. AJC Zeke Campbell, 56-year-old son of a pioneer Miami real estate owner, D. A. Dorsey, received the approval in County Judge W. F Blanton's court yesterday. Campbell had been fighting in the courts for three years, claim ing a third interest in Dorsey's estate, variously estimated a; worth between and 000. Dorsey's death in 1940 was fol lowed within three months by that of his second wife, Rebecca Dor sey, leaving as sole heirs an adopted daughter, Susan, and Dor sey's missing son a first mar (The son, Zeke, bears the sur name of Dorsey's first wife rather than Dorsey's, which sometimes occurs among Negroes.) Just as the search was about to be abandoned, Zeke was found begging his way through a hard life at nearby Hallandale. Susan and her guardians opposec the claim. The case was before the Florida Supreme Court when at torneys agreed upon the settle ment. Baraboo Housing Project Returned MADISON Wi: The Badger housing project near Baraboo, jome to 650 University of Wiscon- in students every year since 1946, was returned to the Public Housing Administration today. The university reported that stu- dents may remain in residence at he project until the end of the 953 academic year if they cannot find housing elsewhere. The faci- ities will be used to house defense workers at the Badger Ordnance Works. Pray for Peace As Eucharistic Congress Opens By LOUIS NEVIN BARCELONA, Spain robed cardinals, archbishops in violet and pilgrims from all over the world gathered in this ancient city to pray for peace at the open- ing today of the 35th International latholic Eucharistic Congress. The in 14 years- was to open officially with the ar- rival this afternoon of Pope Pius' representative, Federico Cardinal Tedeschini. Already a half million visiting faithful jammed Barce- lona. Tedeschini was to inaugurate the held in Lille in the singing tonight of the "Veni Creator" in Barcelona's cathedral. The official program ends Monday. Foreign Minister Albert Martin Artajo and all of Spam's top gov eminent leaders except Generalis simo Francisco Franco were t greet Tedeschini on his arrival Franco plans to make a triumpha entry into Barcelona harbor Thurs day aboard the cruiser Miguel d Cervantes. Francis Cardinal Spellman, arch bishop of New York, received an ovation last night when he flew into Barcelona Airport. Barcelona, Spain's second city was dressed up as never before Flags decked the buildings. Spot lights flashed across the skies a night. The streets were thronged Numerous altars erected through out the city were dominated by three huge crosses visible to pil grims arriving by sea and air. Ex-Ice Follies Queen Divorcing REDWOOD CITY, Calif., Bl-Mrs Bess Ehrhardt Shipstead Ford, for mer Ice Follies skating queen, was sued for divorce yesterday by the man she gave up a month alimony to marry three years ago John Ford, a retired Armj colonel of Hillsborough, Calif, filed a complaint charging Mrs Ford, a former Superior, Wis. resident, with extreme cruelty They married March 3, 1949, and separated last March 19, the com plaint said. Trouble Behind Lines Van Fleet, Rhee Confer After Ambush Slaying of 5 Yanks Reds Overrun U.S. Camp Near Pusan By STAN CARTER TONGNAE, Korea (B-About 30 guerrillas overran a small U. S. Army camp here Friday, killing five American soldiers and a Ko- rean houseboy. Two other Americans _ were wounded, and two escaped injury. Survivors said it was a well- planned Red raid to obtain weap- ons. The guerrillas got two .30 cali- ber machineguns, rounds of ammunition and seven rifles. The small American force was stationed in a 'gravel pit here, about eight miles north of Pusan. The guerrillas, armed with U.S. rales, attacked without warning about a. m. A Negro soldier said the guer- rillas killed a sentry then began shooting their American rifles, (Continued on Page 10, Column 2) REDS OVERRUN PUSAN, Korea James A Van Fleet, commander of the U. S. Eighth Army, sped here from Seoul today and went into immediate conference with Presi- dent Syngman Rhee on the South Korean executive's declaration1 of martial law. American embassy officials sat in on the meeting. Just before the session began, Rhee issued a long-awaited public statement explaining why he pro- claimed martial law in Pusan, the temporary capital, and 21 counties in three southernmost provinces. He said his and long forced by increasing guerrilla activities in the region and was taken to pre- vent public demonstrations from becoming violent. Ambushed, Killed "American soldiers have been ambushed and killed in the very vicinity of he said. This was a reference to the slaying of five U. S. soldiers by guerrillas Friday in a gravel pit at Tongnae, eight miles north of Pusan. "Murder has been committed with Rhee continued. This apparently referred to the slaying of a South Korean Army captain, allegedly by a national assemblyman, several weeks ago Rhee went on, "th public feeling has been rising in indignation against those recalc trant, irresponsible members o the National Assembly." The Assembly obtained the mem ber's release from jail but he wa re-arrested by South Korean mill tary police. "Far reaching Communist con nectionfs have been uncovered an the authorities are .taking step's t make a thorough investigation the the president saic "When the investigation is com the full facts will be dis closed to the public." This presumably referred to re ports that Communists had sen money into South Korea to fomen discord. 9 Arrested A government spokesman sai several national assemblymen were involved. Nine assemblymen have .bee arrested since martial law was de- clared Saturday. No formal charge have been placed against them bu they are being questioned abou the Communist funds. Government sources said (Continued on 12, Column 1 VAN FLEET Wires Linking East West Berlin Cut First Blow in Reprisal for West's New Pact By JACK BELL WASHINGTON ap- roval was forecast today for i ew peace contract signed between ie Allies and Western Germany nd a European arms treaty being oncluded in Paris today. The peace pact will give Gei> many nearly complete independ- nee. The defense pact joins to- ether the armed forces of Ger- many, France, Italy, Belgium, Thy Netherlands and Luxembourg. These troops will comprise a unit f the North Atlantic Treaty Com- mand, which also includes British nd American forces. The Senate must act, not only on the peace agreement, but also on a proposed amendment to the Atlantic Treaty to extend itt guarantees to Germany. To Quick CK Chairman Connally (D-Tex) the Senate Foreign Relations Com- mittee told, a reporter he will ask for quick Senate action after Presi- dent Truman submits the pacts.'-, Connally doesn't expect any seri- ous opposition to either. Many Other senators agreed. However, Sen. Malone indicated the agreements won't wi ratified without some opposition. Malone said in an interview he believes the peace compact signed with Germany represents a futilt gesture. "It is a dangerous gesture for the American people in that ft promises them security they won't he declared. "We are assembling a foot army in Europe that can't defend itself. We have lost superiority in air power and that army can't defend itself until we get it back." Chairman Russell (D-Ga) of the Senate Armed Services Committee said he believes the agreement which would bring Germans into the integrated Western army is of vital importance. Sen. Fulbright (D-Ark) saw pact as a possible major step :oward economic and political uni- iication of Western Europe. Sen. Young (R-ND) was par- ticularly pleased that the French would agree to take the Germani in. Some administration thought President Truman may send the Senate a letter expressing the belief that no nation should be allowed to withdraw from the inte- grated army once it has become a move aimed at quiet- ing French objections to rearming ie Germans. Want Unified Germany Sen. Hugh Butler (R-Neb) said he hopes the agreement is a step forward but he wants to see a unified Germany when that can be accomplished. The pact signing was hailed by Sen. Green (D-RI) as "a great step forward toward a united Europe." "It was a great victory for diplomacy as distinguished from force of he said. Sen. Holland (D-Fla) said the agreement means that "we have started now the long and compli- cated job of rebuilding what has always been the strongest Euro- pean a basia where she won't be a menace." Sen. Welker (R-Idaho) said he welcomed the agreement because he had always been concerned previously by an apparent lack of efforts to get Western Germany in the defense picture. Sen. Mundt (R-SD) called it diplomatic and military victory for the Western world. WEATHER FEDERAL FORECAST Winona and Vicinity Clearing tonight. Wednesday partly cloudy and cooler. Low tonight 50, high Wednesday 65. LOCAL WEATHER v Official observations for the 24' hours ending at 12 m. today: Maximum, 85; minimum, noon, 59; precipitation, .47; sun sets tonight at sun rises to- morrow at Additional on U.'
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