Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - May 26, 1952, Winona, Minnesota Local Showers Tonight, Tuesday; Somewhat Cooler VOLUME 52, NO. 85 Stores Open Until 9 O'clock Thursday Night FIVE CENTS PER COPY WINONA, MINNESOTA, MONDAY EVENING, MAY 26, 1952 TWENTY PAOIS Two Adventurers prepare their 15-foot rubber raft at Monte Carlo, Monaco, from which port they set out in an attempt to cross the Atlantic Ocean. At left is Dr. Alain Bombard of France, and at right is'Jack Palmer, a native of Chiswick, England. The raft "L'Heretique (The will have a sail and two pair of oars, a radio transmitter, two cameras, yards of film and a harpoon. The adventurers are taking no food and will try to prove that they can survive on fish and sea plant life taken from the ocean. For water they will use a mixture of liquid squeezed from harpooned fish. (AP Wirephoto) _________ Pilgrims at Barcelona Eucharist By LOUIS NEVIN BARCELONA, Spain of Catholic prelates and half a million pilgrims from almost every country on earth crowded this city for the opening tomorrow of the first World Euchanstic Congress When lie last such congress was held in Budapest in 1938, an un- easy world, then as now, was trying to avoid a war. The -central .theme of the prayers for this Con- gress is of man with himself; peace in his home and the among nations, and peace in the church of Christ. Every non-Communist country in the world is represented among the host of pilgrims in this second city of Spain. The countries dom- inated by Societ Communism are represented only by their exiles. The congress honors the Catholic belief in the holy eucharist, the TODAY Outlook in Mid-East By JOSEPH and STEWART ALSOP WASHINGTON Secretary of State Dean G. Acheson has just flown to Europe, to put the semi- final touches to a grand design. The new status of Germany; the German contribution to Western defense; the European army which so hopefully foreshadows a larger European are great achievements. Or rather, they'win be great achievements if the sign- ed agreements are ratified by the French and German Parliaments. Unfortunately these European successes cannot offset the failures of our policy in other regions. In the Middle East and South-East Asia, there are no urgent crises at the moment, to occupy the head- lines and force the policymakers to reach decisions. But in both areas, there- is the same pattern of dreary deterioration, with much tho same causes, and with the same threat of catastrophe ahead. Ugly Picture As any newspaper reader will remember, the trouble in the Mid- dle East began with the oil-crisis in Iran; spread thence to Egypt and has now transferred itself to French North Africa. A decisive effort might have stopped the Iran- ian oil crisis at the outset. There ielief that Jesus Christ is truly present in the bread and wine of sacrament of holy communion. The first such celebration was held at Lille, France, in 1881. This week's gathering is the 34th. Tremendous preparations have been made for the congress, one of the most spectacular events oi the church. The Spanish Govern- ment, the city of Barcelona and the Spanish church all have co operated in the great effort. Millions of pesetas have been spent for the five-day program. Special open-air altars, richly orna- mented, have been erected throughout the city. 'Surpassing them all is a gigantic altar 146 feet high, topped by a 114-foot cross, in the heart of the city. This will remain, as a permanent monument, and its plaza site has been named in honor of Pope Pius XII. Federico Cardinal Tedeschini, the pontiff's delegate, will inau- gurate the congress with the sing- ing of the hymn "Veni Creator." Thirteen other cardinals, 50 arch- bishops, more than 200 bishops and priests are here to lead the faithful in their prayers for peace. Francis Cardinal Spellman, Arch- bishop of New York, heads a pil- grimage of Americans, in- cluding the Archbishops of Phila- delphia, San Francisco, Los Angeles and New Orleans. The overwhelming majority of the pilgrims are of the Western church, but the Eastern rites too was no such effort, since Britain are represented by five Byzantine and America were divided as to j bishops, three Armenian, two Mar- what should be done. _ j inite, one Coptic and one Syrian. Today, the picture in each of the three trouble centers is -decid- edly ugly. In Iran, the regime of the aged Prime Minister Moham- med Mossadegh has bankrupted the country. There is no cash left to pay the army or maintain the pensions of the tens of thousands of unemployed oil workers. Hence Mossadegh may fall. Yet there is little reason to believe that the fall of Mossadegh will be the prelude to an oil settlement. And nothing but an oil settlement which will replenish the depleted treasury with oil revenues can save Iran from some sort of final crack-up. Equally, the British and Egyp- (Continued on Page 4, Column 7.) ALSOPS WEATHER LOCAL WEATHER Official observations for the 24 hours ending at 12 m. Sunday: Maximum, 76; minimum, 53; noon, 76; precipitation, none. Official observations for the 24 hours ending at 12 m. today: Maximum, 80; minimum, 50; noon, 78; precipitation, none; sun sets tonight at sun rises to- morrow at FEDERAL FORECAST Winona and Vicinity Partly cloudy to cloudy tonight and Tues- day. Local showers late tonight and Tuesday. Somewhat cooler Tuesday. Low tonight 52, high Tuesday 74. Additional weather on page 17. Masses at the main altar will have a choir of voices. Massed choral groups from Spain and abroad, totaling voices, will be heard at the final pontif- ical mass. The Spanish government has as- sociated itself as closely as pos- sible with the congress to under- score its ties with the official Catholic faith. Generalissimo Fran- cisco Franco, his entire govern- ment, the full Council of the King- dom, the entire Parliament and all other state bodies will attend. Large contingents of the armed forces and youths of the Falange Youth Front have camped outside Barcelona in a tent city. A special throne has been set up for Franco, as chief of state, beside the main altar just opposite an identical one for Cardinal Tedeschini. 2 La Crosse Men Escape Injury In Air Crash LA CROSSE fliers es- caped serious injury yesterday when their light plane struck a windmill, caromed off a high line and crashed on a Genoa farm, nar- rowly missing the farmhouse. Pilot Joseph Domke, La Crosse, was released from the hospital aft- er treatment and Alvin Kelsey, Genoa, was in good condition al- though he suffered a fractured wrist and dislocated shoulder. Air Force Plans New Attempt at 24-Hour Watch Seriously Worried. Over Weak Link In Warning System By ELTON C. FAY WASHINGTON tfl The Air Force, seriously worried over a weak link in the nation's aircraft warning system, is going to try again to get the volunteer system of civilian aircraft spotters into round-the-clock operation by July. An attempt was made to start the full, 24-hour a day plane spot- ting system in 27 states on-May 17, but was postponed when a number of state Civil Defense directors re- quested reconsideration of the plan. It is hard to get civilian volunteers. The Ground Observer Corps is intended to help the Air Force's Air Defense Command locate and track unidentified aircraft flying too low for radar to detect. USAF officials contend that this constant, low-altitude surveillance is vital. An officer interested in the ene- my aircraft warning system cited today an incident in Alaska as an example. About six weeks ago, he said, a ground observer in Alaska saw what appeared to be the con- trail of a plane. Spots Steamers A contrail is the streamer of white vapor left by an aircraft flying in cold air or a high alti- tude. Radar stations in the area could find nothing on their screens. No known friendly craft were in the area. The presumption is that the plane, never identified, was flying at an altitude too low for radar to locate or track. Alaska is only a few hours flight from Soviet sir- fields in Siberia and the Russian maritime peninsula. The probability is that it was not a bomber. It may have been a long-range reconnaissance aircraft, looking over the territory and photographing radar and other military installations. The report of the ground ob- server was flashed not only to the Alaskan air defense setup and ra- dar stations of that region but to the United States, where a state of readiness was ordered until ra- dar and aerial reconnaissance showed no further trace of the reported plane. Incident Alarms The Alaskan incident came at almost the exact time the Eastern Air Defense Force picked up on radar the presence of two unidenti- fied aircraft near Presque Isle, Me., a USAF base. Interceptors were sent up and the planes were identified as commercial craft. But the coincidence of that radar inter- cept with the report from Alaska caused uneasy moments. In general, the Air Force esti- mates that planes flying below feet are difficult or impos- sible to track by radar. This alti- tude can be lower in flat terrain or over the ocean, much higher in hilly or mountainous country. The only solution, the Air Force contends, is to back up the radar net which together with stations operated by Canada extends from the United States to the Northern perimeter of the continent, with ground observers. It is physically and financially impossible to provide enough mili- tary personnel for this. So until a civilian ground observer corps can be put into operation, the Air Defense Command must rely on reports by observers at Army in- stallations, naval land bases and ships operating coastwise and by Coast Guard stations. The civilian volunteer system need 'not be permanent, but it is needed for the next five to eight years. Nations Sign Pact uropean George Etzell Etzell Elected Minnesota GOP Committeeman Governor Named Delegate; New Republican Era Seen MINNEAPOLIS Gov. C. El- mer Anderson won a double vic- tory yesterday. The Republican state convention named him a delegate at large to the national convention by acclam- ation. A few hours later he saw his choice, George Etzell, Clarissa ed- itor, defeat Roy Dunn, Pelican Rapids, for Republican national committeeman. j In the eyes of many observers 'this makes him the unquestioned top man in Minnesota Republican circles. Some others were inclined to give considerable credit for the Etzell victory to -supporters of for- jmer Gov. Harold Stassen. j The vote in the state central i committee for national committee- 'man was EtzeE 122, Dunn 94. Dunn, who has held the post 16 years and is majority leader in the state House of Representatives, is state manager of the presidential campaign of Sen. Robert Taft of Ohio. Etzell, like .the governor, supports Gen. Dwight Eisenhower for the Republican nomination for President. In the immediate background of the Dunn-Etzell fight was a report, by Dunn had hinted strongly he would oppose the.governor in the legislature un- less the governor backed him for re-election as committeeman. After the election Dunn pledged his support to Etzell and the gov- ernor described the result as the beginning of a new era in Repub- licanism. Delegates-At-Large Named delegates-at-large by the convention along with the governor were P. Kenneth Peterson, Minne- apolis, and Mrs. C. E. Howard, Excelsior. Peterson is state chair- man and Mrs. Howard is state chairwoman. Both are Stassen .backers. Neither has announced a second choice. Bradshaw Mintener, state chair- man of Minnesotans for Eisenhow- er, failed in his bid to be elected a delegate at large, but the con- 'vention did name nine alternates proposed by the Eisenhower group. Completion of the delegate slate brought to 24 the number pledged to Stassen. The remaining four are in the Eisenhower column. An attempt at the convention to advise the Stassen delegates how to vote after fulfilling their obli- gations to 'Stassen failed. A resolution proposing that state convention delegates from each county be polled as to their choice for the information of the national (Continued on Page 17, Column 1.) CONVENTION No Decision In Steel Case WASHINGTON Supreme Court recessed today without an- nouncing its decision in the steel seizure case. The court will meet again next Monday and perhaps the following Monday as well in an effort to clear its docket. It origin- ally had planned to recess for the summer next week. Oil, Gasoline Ships Collide 1 Dead, 8 Missing In Delaware Crash WILMINGTON, Del. oil tanker and a gasoline-laden barge burst into flames after colliding in the rain-swept Delaware River 15 miles south of here last night. One man is known dead and eight are missing. The vessels were identified by the Coast Guard as the tanker Michael, with a cargo of i crude oil, and the motor barge E.D. Dodge. Split In Two Searing, gasoline fed flames swept the badly smashed Dodge, which carried a crew of nine. She was reported split in two with the stern section sinking. The Michael, also burning, was able to limp away from the scene and later re- ported its fire under control. One man, nude except for the life jacket which kept him afloat, died minutes after he was picked up "by rescuers. He was not identi- fied but was believed to be a crew man on the Dodge. Two other men, also Dodge crew members, were rescued from the water and taken to Wilmington General Hospital suffering from burns and shock. One was identi- fied as Sjur Tellifsen, 29, of Brook- lyn, N.Y. 2 Men Missing There was no immediate word of the fate of the other six men aboard the Dodge. The Michael, bound for Pauls- boro, N.Y., from Persia with a crew of 40, reported two men miss- third mate and a seaman. The collision was the third such tragedy within 10 days in this busy shipping area. On May 15, two ships collided and burned in the nearby Delaware and Chesapeake Canal, killing four men. Last week three men drowned when a freighter and tug smashed together in the Delaware near Chester. Pa. Sleeping Below Decks Tellifsen said he was sleeping below decks on the barge: "When the terrible crash woke me up I didn't wait to find out what the trouble he said. "I jumped out the nearest porthole and swam until I reached a buoy. "There were flames all around and I could see other men floating, and swimming in the water but I was unable to help them. Pretty soon a tug saw me on the buoy and picked me up." U.S. Secretary Of Dean Acheson signed the Allied-West German peace contract in the chamber of the upper house of the -West German parliament at Bonn, Germany, Jtoday. In the back- ground is Hans von Herwarth, chief of protocol. Representatives of the U.S., United Kingdom, France and West Germany signed the pact which faces high parliamentary hurdles before ratification makes it effective. (AP Wirephoto via radio from Frankfort, Ger- many to The Republican-Herald) ________ The 3-Man Bargaining committee at the right, representing 300 rioting inmates who barricaded themselves in a at Idaho State Peniten- tiary at Boise, May 124, listen to orders from Warden L. E. Clapp, speaking through the micro- phone at the left to surrender. The orders were rejected, three returned to the hall and all were later driven out by tear gas. (AP Wirephoto) Prisoners Make Weapons in Camp By WILLIAM JORDEN KOJE ISLAND, Korea UPl-Red prisoners of war are forgmg deadly weapons in their barbed wire enclosures but Brig. Gen. Haydon L Boatner said today the time had passed when they could have cap- guard forces now could control prisoners outside the island's 17 POW compounds, the new camp commander told newly arrived combat-wise Canadian and British troops. I But inside the ing North Korean' and Chi- nese Commu- nists still rule, he said. About two weeks ago, the POWs could have crashed their barbed wire enclosures; they would have suffered hundreds of casualties but probably could have taken over the island "if they had he said. in Compound Each compound holds to prisoners. But within two weeks (he Reds will be divided into groups of 500 in new, smaller compounds. In the larger groups the Reds can't be controlled "if they don't want to be Boatner conceded. In several riots the prisoners used axe handles, clubs, spears, barbed wire flails and other weap- ons. Some camp authorities said the POWs now have pistols and rifles in riots or bought from civilians. Within each compound the Reds have a well organized military sys- tem. Each enclosure is divided into a battalion, companies and pla- toons. Strict military discipline prevails. The Communist leaders drill their hold small- scale military tactics using dummy rifles or clubs for mock bayonet drill. Make Bombs It also is suspected that the pris- oners have stocks of gasoline use- ful for making, homemade fire- >ui World War II as "Molotov Witnesses have eigh't or nine large drums of gasoline were moved into Compound .76 two weeks ago while its members 'held an American general hostage. The prisoner army has demon- has an intricate system .-between strated that it communication compounds. An incident in one area is quickly known in com- pounds miles away. Senators Believe laft-lke Fight May Split GOP WASHINGTON Demo- cratic senators of widely differing views said today the Taft-Eisen- hower presidential nomination bat- tle may split the Republican party and help the Democrats in No- vember. Sen. Walter George of Georgia told a reporter he sees signs of increasing bitterness between the opposing forces of Gen. Dwight D. Eisenhower and Sen. Robert A. Taft of Ohio which could result in a Republican stay-at-home move in November. George, counted in the anti-Tru- man wing of the Democrats, is supporting Sen. Richard B. Russell of Georgia for the party nomina- tion. George said he still believes the Democrats will patch up their dif- ferences over civil rights at the Chicago Convention and emerge as a more or less unified party. Sen. James E. Murray of Mon- tana, a backer of the Truman pro- gram, said he also thinks the Re- publicans are heading for a party split in the choice of their nominee. Murray hasn't decided whom to back for the Democratic nomina- tion." "The Republicans are going to be in trouble anyway, because they haven't got a Murray Contract Now Needs Approval 5y Parliaments Adenauer Sees Move as Step in Uniting Germany By RICHARD KASISCHKE BONN, Germany Allied- West German peace contract to ally West Germany with the free world was ceremoniously signed here today by Chancellor Konrad Adenauer and the foreign ministers of the United States, Britain and France. As a silent crowd of several hun- dred Germans stood roped off in the rain outside the West German Parliament Building, the four men put their pens to the historic pact in the Bundesratsaal, the chamber of the upper house. About 500 spec- tators watched inside the room. Hurdles The peace contract, which faces high parliamentary hurdles before ratification can make it effective, gives West Germany near sov- ereignty in exchange for German troops in the projected European army. Adenauer and the three Western Acheson of the Eden of Britain and Kobert Schuman of briefly before they signed. The Chancellor hailed the peace contract as a work which will "help preserve the peace and free- dom of the whole world" but "only a part of a work which will be completed tomorrow in Paris when we sign the European Defense Community treaty." "The complete work will se- cure peace and freedom for Ger- he continued. "And here today we Germans also think of our brothers in the East (Soviet We send them our greetings and our deepest assurances that this work is the first step toward the reunification of all Germany in peace and freedom." Angers Moscow Across the Iron Curtain, Pravda, the Moscow mouthpiece of East Germany's Hussian Communist controllers, saluted the pact with. another blast at the "fatal, anti- national policy of the Bonn govern- ment of Adenauer which is trying to transform the Germans into cannon fodder for the American imperialists." Eden was the first to sign the contract, followed by Schuman and Acheson. Last came Adenauer, the 76-year-old chancellor-foreign min- ister who through eight months of negotiations has fought to regain his vanquished country's place in Europe and to align it with the Western world. i 2 Boys Seek To Save Pal, All Drown By The Associated Prest Two boys swam to help a com- panion in distress yesterday and none of them reached shore. The triple drowning was one of the weekend accidents that claimed six lives in Wisconsin. Walter Storkson, 11, bis brother Robert; and Robert Jones, both 8, drowned in Smith's Lake, a Wis- consin River slough about a mile from Lone Rock, where they lived. Robert Storkson's twin brother, Richard, and a crippled fisherman on crutches watched helpless from the shore. One of the eight year olds couldn't make it back to shore from about 15 feet out. His two companions swam to help him back. One by one they sank. Dr. declared. Republicans publicly pooh-pooh the idea that they won't be able to heal the scars of the Taft-Eisen- hower pre convention campaign battle after they have chosen their nominee. But privately some of them say they are getting worried about the lengths to which some of the par- tisans of the two candidates have gone in describing the opposition candidate. Dayton Hinke, Richland County coroner, said the water was only 4 feet deep at the point but a soft, muddy bottom would cause anyone trying to stand to sink another foot. Richard Storkson ran for help but it came loo late. Dalton R. Plucker, 34, drowned in Lake Winnebago yesterday wbeff his home-made motor boat over- turned and he was caught under- neath. Two 15-year old boys res-: cued Mrs. Plucker, the only other occupant of the boat. They dived under the overturned craft but could not free Plucker. Stanley S. Smith, 58, Milwaukee, was injured fatally Saturday night when his light truck crashed into a tree in the town of Wauwatosa. Ralph Denning, 41, Milwaukee, drowned Saturday when he ap- parently fell off government pier while fishing.