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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - May 24, 1952, Winona, Minnesota Partly Cloudy, Colder Tonight; Sunday Warmer Baseball Broadcasts Tonight and Sunday VOLUME 52, NO. 85 FIVE CENTS PER COPY WINONA, MINNESOTA, SATURDAY EVENING, MAY 24, 1952 FOURTEEN PAGES rench Snag West German Treaty Allies Strike Heaviest Air Blow in Korean War .a Fire Roars Through three tank cars filled with high octane gas at Odessa, Tex., after they broke loose from a siding. The runaways crashed into a switch engine and exploded, setting fire to a warehouse (AP Wirephoto) _______ Weinberg Released On Bond of By WARREN ROGERS JR. WASHINGTON W. Weinberg, accused as Scientist X" who slipped atomic secrets to an alleged Red spy, must answer charges June 2 that he lied when he swore he had never been a Communist party member. The 35-year-old physicist was arrested in Minneapolis late yester- ,day after a federal grand jury in Riot Breaks Out at Idaho State Prison BOISE, Idaho A riot broke out at the state penitentiary today and police were ordered to shoot any inmates who tried- to go over the wall. Four hundred prisoners were surrounded in the recreation hall where they were shouting, and breaking furniture. Thirty state and city police were called to the prison. The police armed with riot guns, tear gas grenades and pistols. The Ida- ho military district was asked to send gas masks for the officers. All guard were removed from the yard earlier when prison of- ficials became suspicious of the convicts' behavior. House Cuts Hinder NATO Goal, Claim WASHINGTON Wi high ad- ministration official- declared today that House-voted cuts in President Truman's foreign aid program would prevent the North Atlantic Treaty countries from reaching their 50 division goal in Eruope this year unless the United States made up the difference. W. John Kenney, deputy director of the Mutual Security Agency, de- clared the reductions made by the House last night when it passed a big foreign aid bill would have "a crippling effect on the defense of Europe" if voted also by the Senate. The administration was working hard to get the Senate to restore part of the money. The measure, as passed by the House last night 245 to 110, car- ried authorizations totaling That was less than the administration originally asked. WEATHER FEDERAL FORECAST Winona and Vicinity Partly cloudy and a little colder tonight. Sunday generally fair and a little warmer. Low tonight 52, high Sunday 75. LOCAL WEATHER Official observations for the 24 hours ending at 12 m. today: Maximum, 65; minimum, 56; noon, 65; precipitation, .25; sun sets tonight at sun rises to- morrow at 4.32. Additional weather on page 11. Washington perjury indictment against him. Weinberg expressed surprise at the indictment but refused to dis- cuss the charges. He was released on bond after appearing before U.S. Commissioner C. 0. Lundquist at Minneapolis. Lundquist ordered him to return Tuesday when bond will be set for his appearance June 2 in Washington's U.S. District Court. Conviction would carry a maxi- mum penalty of 10 years' impri- isonment on each of the three of giving Steve Nelson, It de- counts for a total of 30 years. The House Un-American Activi- ties Committee said in September, 1949 that Weinberg was the figure mentioned frequently in its reports as "Scientist X." The committee accused Wein- berg, then an assistant professor of physics at the University of Minnesota, secrets to _ scribed Nelson as a Communist espionage agent. Nelson is now a Red party boss in Western Pennsylvania. During World War II he was a party or- ganizer in Alameda County, Calif., where Weinberg was working in the University of California's Radi- ation Laboratory for atomic re- search. A 1948 committee report charged Nelson got information on the atomic bomb work from "Scientist X" in 1943 and later passed an envelope or package to Soviet Vice Consul Peter Ivanov in San Fran- cisco. When "Scientist X" he swore he had al- Weinberg was named as American Losses Also Greatest Since Start By JOHN RANDOLPH SEOUL, Korea Allies struck the greatest air blow of the Korean War at the Reds Thursday and Friday, against a sobering picture of increasing plane losses. The Fifth Air Force tally showed the week ended Friday was one of the not the weeks for the Allies since the war started 23 months ago. On the credit side, the Air Force said U.N. pilots destroyed 460 buildings and damaged 163 in their continuous two-day attack which paralyzed Red industries near the North Ko- rean capital of Pyongyang. Lose 12 Planes The weekly plane loss count gave the Comunists 12 kills and U.S. airmen four. For the first time in the war, Communist MIGs grabbed a five- to-four edge in aerial dogfights. The Fifth Air Force announced the loss of three F86 Sabrejets and two F84 Thunderjets in the air against only four confirmed MIG kills. It was a sharp reversal from the usual topheavy Allied score. The other seven U.N. losses were mostly to Red anti-aircraft fire. The figures didn't take into ac- count naval plane losses. Rescue flights indicated there were at least the loss total to at least 14. Airmen said it all ap- peared 'to point to growing Com- munist skill and power on the air and ground. Every U.S. combat unit of the Fifth Air Force and attached Royal Australian, South African, South Korean and shorebased Marine planes rained explosives and jellied gasoline on the huge supply con- centration near Kiyang, southwest of Pyongyang. Pilots flying the last of almost 800 sorties said little more than walls were standing. Arsenal Hit A Red hand grenade arsenal, a power station, warehouses, ma- chine shops and surface works of a coal mine, as well as rows of warehouses were blasted out of existence, the Air Force reported. B26 light bombers and Marine planes attacked enemy trucks Friday night, with 80 vehicles and five buildings reported destroyed. B29 Superforts struck at the Kwak- san rail bridge near Sinuiju on the Yalu River for the second straight night, dropping 90 tons of bombs on the spans. Huge Cactus Killing Tucson Girl TUCSON, Ariz. A giant cactus, 22 feet high and weighing more than a ton, fell on a five- year-old child last night, apparent- ly killing her instantly. The huge plant thundered down on Cindy Lauther, daughter of Mr. and Mrs. Garnat Lauther, while she was playing near her home in the Tucson mountains, sheriff's deputies said. Exactly what caused the cactus ways been loyal to the United States and said it was a case of j mistaken identity. He said he had no access to atomic secrets in 1943. Weinberg was cited for con- tempt last year after refusing to answer certain questions before the Washington grand jury. He was acquitted on his plea that his an- swers might tend to incriminate him. The University of Minnesota sus- pended Weinberg May 16, 1951, on charges he refused to co-operate with the grand jury. A month later he was relieved of all duties but kept on the payroll, under job tenure rules, until next June 15. The indictment says Weinberg perjured himself when he testified under oath (1) he had not been a member of the Communist party, (2) he attended only one Red party meeting and (3) he did not remember having known Steve Nelson prior to April 26, 1949. Stores Open Next Thursday Evening Downtown Winona stores will be open until 9 pjn. Thursday, May 29, to permit Memorial Day shoppers to prepare for the holiday weekend, the Mer- chant's bureau announced to- day. The change was necessi- tated by the all-day closing of the stores for the Memorial Day observance, May 30. The following week, the stores will return to the regu- lar Friday evening opening. to fall has not been determined. It'll Take More than the traditional widespread arms gesture for Alfred C. Glassell Jr., to describe his the biggest game fish ever taken on rod and reel according to International Game Fish As- sociation records. The Hous- ton, Tex., sportsman stands alongside the Pa- cific black marlin that he boated last month off Cabo Blanco, Peru. (AP Wirephoto) Third Riot on Koje Exposed; Seven Killed Army Censors Hold Up Story; Senate May Probe Delay KQJE ISLAND, Korea of a third bloody riot by Red pris- oners of war on violence-torn Koje Island came to light today. South Korean sources said four Korean guards and three North Korean Communist prisoners were killed and 57 Reds wounded in the uprising April 10. Associated Press correspondent William Jorden obtained the story from South Korean witnesses al- most a week ago but Armyv censors Tokyo withheld it until today. A U.S. Eighth Army spokesman said the Army had announced nothing on the riot "because the Eighth Army investigation of the incident has not been completed." American officials here refused to comment. Sen. A. S. Mike Monroney (D- Okla) indicated in Washington a Senate subcommittee may investi- gate censorship delay of Jorden's dispatch. Monroney, a former newspaper man, is a member- of the special Senate investigating subcommittee checking into the availability of news under government regula- tions. Like a Look He said the committee "would certainly like to take a look" at the delayed dispatch. He added in- vestigation might show good rea- son for delaying the story. Ninety Communist prisoners and one U.S. soldier were killed in ear- lier Koje 18 and March 13. The Army released correspond- ents' stories on these shortly after they occurred. Red POWs today hauled down 11 of the 17 North Korean and Chi- nese Communist flags they had flown defiantly over their com- pounds for months. Two -companies of British Com- monwealth troops were due to land today to bolster the United' Nations Command garrison on this tension-ridden island. The South Korean witnesses told Jorden a U.S. Army captain and six South Korean guards were wounded in the April 10 uprising. The American is Capt. Jack J. tfcGuire, (hometown wounded in the arm- and thigh. He was given a blood transfusion on Koje then transferred to Japan. Dodd Saw Riots The informants said most of the lighting took place within sight of Jie camp commander, then Brig. Gen. Francis T. Dodd. Dodd was seized by POWs May 7 and re- eased 78 hours later. The trouble April 10 began near the gate of Compound 95, the "Ko- rean sources said. An excited guard outside the gate fired a shot Lhat wounded a Communist pris- oner. The witnesses said McGuire and two U.S. soldiers, all unarmed, went into the dispensary at the gate to bring out the wounded man. Milling Red POWs drove the Americans out. Dodd arrived almost immediate- ly, the sources said, and ordered 100 unarmed South Korean soldiers to go in the compound, restore or- der and bring out the wounded POW. The prisoners drove out the guards with clubs and stones. The Reds, shouting insults, rushed the gate in an apparent effort to break out. Guards near the entrance opened fire with a .30 caliber machine gun mounted on a jeep. Most of the casualties occurred then, the witnesses said. Authority Defied The Reds continued to defy au- thority and refused to give up their dead, the witnesses said. Other sources said they released their dead the next day. The dead South Korean guards were brought out shortly after the battle. Another source said the Red POWs were holding the bodies of some of their dead leaders on May 17, the date of Jorden's dispatch. This could not be confirmed, but the stench of death hung in the air about the compound, Jorden reported. An escaped prisoner said the Reds in the compound were keep- ing the bodies of "five or six" prisoner leaders killed in the out- break and were .washing them daily with alcohol in an effort to pre- serve them. The Reds ripped down their flags today apparently as the re- sult of a short meeting yesterday between the new camp commander, Brig. Gen. Haydon L. Boatner, and a Red spokesman. Boatner told the Red spokesman that the Geneva Convention re- quired a respectful manner in prisoners. R. A. Fraser, Denver, Colo., station manager for the Flying Tiger Airline, looks ovnr a .plane load of. two-month-old calves being flown to Cor- vallis, Ore., from Chicago. The calves are con- signed to a Corvallis auctioneer who had planned to auction them tonight. However, bad weather grounded the plane at Denver. The calves are being transported by plane because they are too young for other means of travel. The load re- portedly is the largest cattle shipment ever made by air. (AP Wirephoto to The Republican-Herald) Fulton Oursler, Famed Religious Writer, Dead NEW YORK Fulton Oursler, 59, author of "The Greatest Story Ever a book based on the Bible, and former newspaperman and magazine editor, died today. He died in bis apartment in the Hotel Navarro of a heart at- tack. Oursler turned out a prodigious number of books and magazine ar- 'ticles, which many of in recent s years reflected a strong interest in religion. He was a form- er vice president ____________and editorial di- Fulton Oursler rector of Mac- Fadden Publications and edited Liberty Magazine from 1931 to 1942. Later he was a senior editor of Reader's Digest. Bombing Chinese Bases Might Spread War, Ridgway Says WASHINGTON (Jfh-Gen. Matthew B Ridgway has told senators he believes that United Nations bomb- ing of Communist bases in Man- churia would increase the danger of bringing Russia's air force into the Korean war. His feeling on this issue was dis- 'closed with publication today of a heavily censored transcript of his testimony at his closed-door ap- pearance before the Senate armed services committee Wednesday. The committee, headed by Sen. Russell released the tran- script after cutting out many sec- tions for the stated reason of na- tional security. Importance of New German Pact Gear By PRESTON GROVER PARIS basic importance of the proposed treaty to merg' the armies of six West European nations into a unified defense fore over the next 50 years becomes clearer each day as more of its de tails are released. The historic for signing here uniti more than a million troops of West Germany, France, Italy, Belgium The Netherlands and Luxembourg under a North Atlantic Command. If it is approved, and when it goes into operation, West Europe's domestic armies disappear into one concentrated force. Each nation's military and naval like West Point and Annapolis- become European schools with Germans and French studying side by side with Italians, Belgians, Dutch and Luxembourgers. There is no German general staff to terrorize or inspire with awe the military thinkers of the world. There is no French high command to drag its feet in de- cision as it did before World War II. Pool Thinking Instead, the big brains of the various armies pool their thinking. From corps level on up the com- mand groups will be chosen from all the countries. Each nation is assigned its pro- portionate share of troops to raise, guns to supply, airplanes to build. If any nation lags in its contribu- tions, inspectors can be sent to find out why and recommend improvements. Also no one country can rush ahead of another in production. Thye Swings Support From Stassen to Ike WASHINGTON Republican Sen. Edward J. Thye of Minnesota today swung his support to Gen. Dwight D. Eisenhower in the bat- tle for the GOP presidential nomi- nation. Thye, who has been backing for- mer Gov. Harold E, Stassen of Minnesota, told a reporter he will join in the campaigning for Eis- enhower with a speech at Aber- deen, S. D., next Tuesday. Rival slates of delegates for Eis- enhower and Sen. Robert A. Taft of Ohio will meet in a June 3 pri- mary there, their final open test of before the GOP r _____ Crushing fines can be imposed on I tional convention opening in Chi- companies which manufacture war j cago July 7. material not approved by the cen- 1 Stassen is not a candidate in tral committee, called the Com- missariat. The conscription machinery is South Dakota and Thye said he be- lieves Stassen's chances for the nomination are "way down." handled by each nation, but if the "This is a two-man race for the call-up of troops in any one coun- try brings in too many men, the number is trimmed down by ex- emptions approved by the central committee. The surplus cannot be converted into national armies ex- cept under strict exceptions. nomination between and Taft and I'm Thye said. Eisenhower for Eisen- Thye was the second senator to leave Stassen for Eisenhower. Sen. Fred Seaton of Nebraska was the first. Jig 3 Foreign Ministers Seek Ib Prevent Break Treaty to Ally 48 Million Germans With West Bloc BONN, Germany Last min- ite French objections snagged hree-power talks here today on ompletion of the Allied-West Ger- man peace contract A conference of Big Three for- dgn ministers was held up an hour while France's Robert Schuman eceived last-minute instructions from Paris by telephone. He was eported to have received- the rrench Cabinet's views on the phrasing of the proposed British- American guarantee against West Germany breaking out of the six- nation European Defense Commun- ty, a linkup closely allied with he peace contract Want Guamntcc Allied sources here said the Trench were insisting this guaran- be strengthened before they will consent to sign the peace con- ract with West tenta- tively scheduled Monday. When the delayed conference bad jeen in session only an hour Sehu- nan had to leave Britain's Anthony Eden and America's Dean Achesba again to talk to Paris by telephone. This served to delay a meeting planned for this afternoon by the Big Three ministers and Chancellor Konrad Adenauer.. Officials said the ministers had called in their experts for consul- tation imrnediately after lunch, in- dicating detailed study of the prob- lem had become necessary. To Ally 48 Million The contract itself is intended to ally 48 million Germans with the West, despite Soviet opposition to the whole idea. It gives Ger- many a key spot in free Europe's defenses against possible Commu- nist aggression. The EDC treaty slated for signature in Paris Tues- day would put Germans into a united European force of a mil- lion men, Today's conference marks first Big Three foreign ministers' meeting on German soil The last time the Allied ministers met Ad- enauer was at the London confer- ence last November when they ap- proved the general agreement de- fining future German-Allied rela- tions which laid the groundwork for the peace contract. U.S. Secretary of State Acheson, British Foreign Secretary Anthony Eden and French Foreign Minister Robert Schuman were to confer with their nigh commissioners for Germany before the afternoon ses- sion with Adenauer. The commissioners were to brief the ministers on the .still unsettled points in the peace contract which they must include in this last min- ute parley. These points include the data when the pact becomes effective, the name it is to carry and the status of Belgian and French armed forces in Germany before the six-nation European army is formed. The Western ministers were ex- pected to cover a wide range of European problems in addition to the peace contract during their talk with Adenauer. The probability of further Rus- sian moves to checkmate the West German partnership with the dem- ocracies was slated to head the list of extra problems. Ruis Woo Germans The Russians are wooing the The Colors Go By as President Truman re- views a dress parade in his honor by midship- men of the Naval Academy on Worden Field, Annapolis, Md. Standing with him is Vice Adm. Harry Hill, superintendent. Other officers are not identified. (AP Wirephoto to The Republican- Herald) Germans with proposals to reunite their divided country and threaten- ing them with civil war if they join the West. The three ministers arrived here late yesterday, expressing hope that the work they are to complete will bring peace and security to Europe. Acheson came from Washington in President Truman's personal plane. He was accompanied by ambassador-at-large Philip Jessup. Eden and Schuman flew in from Strasbourg where the leaders of six West European nations have just put the finishing touches on the EDC pact. As the foreign ministers assem- bled, both the peace contract and the European army treaty were being assailed inside West Ger- many and across the Iron Curtain from Berlin to Moscow. Both pacts must be ratified by the West German Parliament and the legislatures of all the other countries involved before they be- come effective. In Berlin, East Germany's Par- liament cleared the way for pos- sible formation of a Defense Min- istry. Informed quarters speculated that the Communist government may retaliate against the peace contract signing by organizing such a -ministry to direct a full- fledged Webrmacht.
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