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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - May 23, 1952, Winona, Minnesota Light Showers Tonight and Saturday VOLUME 52, NO. 83 FIVE CENTS PER COPY WINONA, MINNESOTA, FRIDAY EVENING, MAY 23, 1952 Starts Today! FARM ROUNDUP Page 11 EIGHTEEN PAOffc Atomic Scientist Indicted As Red Fred Harper, Editor of the University of Southern California's yearbook marches down street near the Los Angeles campus ac- companied by unidentified students, after he was daubed with molasses and feathers, reportedly because of disparaging re- marks in the yearbook against a fraternity. Shortly afterwards hundreds of men students staged panty raids upon sorority houses. (AP Wirephoto to The Republican-Herald) Russia Controls Air, Rayburn Says WASHINGTON Rayburn told the House today "we have lost air superiority" to Russia and "the margin of our atomic superiority is daily disappearing." TODAY He said that clogged American war production lines resulted from "criminal negligence" which should be investigated. The Texas Democrat addressed the House after Gen. Matthew B. Ridgway described Far Eastern conditions before a joint Senate- I House meeting. Consideration of the Foreign Aid bill was suspend- ed during the general's appear- ance, then resumed. Attack Opposition Rayburn attacked opposition de- mands for foreign aid cuts up to one billion dollars and opposed a partisan approach to the bill. This 'is not election year in Soviet Beat-Ike Plan Set By Truman By JOSEPH and STEWART ALSOP WASHINGTON Sen. Taft is straining to beat Gen. Eisen- hower at the Republican conven- tion in July, President Truman is blocking out his plan for defeating the general in the election in No- vember. This is the real meaning of the otherwise amazing Presi- dential gyration of recent weeks. The President's idea of his own role in his party is that of a pilot who charts the ship's future course before he leaves the bridge. Until fairly recently, the course he was charting was laid out in the belief that Sen. Taft would be the Republican nominee. With' Taft as the Republican standard-bearer, the President rightly anticipated that foreign policy would be the main issue of the campaign. Being firmly con- vinced that national survival de- pends on the continuity of Amen- Administration Hopes to Block Foreign Aid Cut Depend on Support In House to Save Measure By RUSSELL BRINES WASHINGTON Iffl Administra- ion leaders moved to regain con- trol -of the House today to prevent any further cuts in the multi-bil- h'on-dollar foreign aid program, al- ready tentatively slashed by Consideration of the controver- ial bill was scheduled to be re- umed at 10 a.m. (EST) with aid or three-quarters of the world till to be decided. It was possible he Senate would begin debate to- ay> on its companion foreign aid egislation. Republicans won temporary con- trol of the House during a tumul-, tuous 10-hour session yesterday. State Investment Of 20 Million in Bonds Approved ST. PAUL milion dollars in idle cash funds in short-term federal government bonds was approved today by the State Investment Board. The investment was recom- mended by State Auditor Stafford King, who pointed out that there is a "free balance" of in state funds. He said 20 million dollars is not currently needed. King also reported that balances in the state treasury, including invested treasurer's cash, as of last Tuesday amounted to Taft Pushes 5. D. Campaign, Promises Fight Patton Tanks Move along a road on their way to high vantage points overlooking the prisoner of war compounds on Koje Island. Signs at left point to headquarters of the" United Nations Prisoner of War camp. Gen. James A. Van Fleet who briefly visited on Koje today said that the stubborn Communist cap- tives shortly will be under complete control within their compounds. (AP Wirephoto to The Republican-Herald) By AL NEUHARTH SIOUX FALLS, S. D. IB- Sen. he said- prepared f speech. When voting ended, the Presi- dent's program had been pruned tentatively to Cuts Listed These were the cuts: 1. A total of was tailored from economic funds for Europe, leaving the new total at Of the reductions, approved on the floor was added to a cut previously made by the Foreign Affairs Committee. 2. A committee slice of 829 mil- lion dollars off military aid to Eu- rope was approved, making the new total The day's big vote came on the r VH111C fcMJ LUC Every time we reduce the de- amendment cutting 615 million fense program of bur Allies, by so much we reduce our Rayburn said. "If the price of freedom is eat- ing hoecake and molasses I'm for that. At another point he said the price of freedom has always been high, "but the price of defeat is death and slavery." The speaker, mentioned as a possible Democratic presidential candidate, said: False Promises "I'd rather see my party go down in defeat and never arise if it should attempt to deceive the American people by holding out to them false promises of a reduction of their burdens based upon the false premises that this govern- ment has done, and is doing, all that it can do to assure the secu- rity of the nation." Rayburn referred to testimony of Gen. J. Lawton Collins, Army chief of staff, that certain types of ammunition had been rationed be- ucuua uii tut v-uuu.iiu.itj vi- i j A- Li foreign policy, Truman tackled his problem with the sobriety h reserves for the weightiest issue The result was a beat-Taft pla based on unifying the Democrat! Party, and attracting the max mum number of moderate in dependents and anti-isolationist Re publicans to the Democratic stanc ard. Had Plan Ready Both the great factions amon the Democrats were to be concil ated by the nomination of Gov Stevenson of Illinois for the Pres dency and Sen. Richard Russell o Georgia for the vice presidenc; Civil rights and other controversia Domestic issues were to be subord: nated. Persons of every sort c view on internal policy were to b rallied by the battle cry, "Sav freedom in the world. When Sen. Taft seemed the prob able Republican nominee, Gov Stevenson was inclined to take the Democratic nomination. He chang ed his mind about it after New (Continued on Page 7, Column 1. ALSOPS County Pondering on Kenyon Boy Arsonists KENYON, Minn. Good- hue county attorney was deciding today whether charges will be filed against two teen-aged boys who admit setting two incendiary fires in Kenyon within the past month. Firemen quenched both blazes with only nominal damages. But Police Chief Iver Charlson said the fires were potentially dangerous. The two boys, both high school students, admitted touching off the flames after three hours of ques- tioning yesterday by A. E. Thom- as, deputy state fire marshal. One was Set at the Kenyon Produce Co. warehouse, the second outside a wall of the Kenyon High School's agriculture building. Charlson said the boys gave DO reason for their acts. most recently by Gen. Ridgway. The speaker said it is "outra- geous" that "we can't supply our soldiers Won with adequate ammuni- 'It is one thing for a raan to fight with a fighting chance for his life. But it is quite another for him to have his throat cut without a chance because 'clogged production line'.': of a from economic funds. It was posed by Rep. Vorys, leader of a drive for heavy slashes. The standing vote was 163 to 116. The vote marked an initial vic- tory for supporters of Sen. Robert Taft of Ohio who are pushing for substantial cuts, as compared with moderate reductions proposed by backers of Gen. Dwight Eisen- hower. Eisenhower are leading contenders for the Republican pres- idential nomination. Democratic absenteeism enabled the Republicans to maintain con- trol throughout the session. GOP leaders even dictated the final ad- journment at p.m. Little more than half of the House was present. Richards Leads Fight Chairman Richards (D-SC) of the Foreign Affairs Committee led the campaign for the bill. He used every available parliamentary trick in trying to postpone a de- cision on economic aid, the main point of dispute. He was defeated Robert Taft began the second day of his whirlwind campaign tour of South Dakota today with a cau- tious prediction that he will win the state's 14 Republican delegates in the June 3 primary. Taft's special campaign party j left here this morning for another full day of speech making. He was to speak briefly at four widely scattered cities today and deliver By THOMAS P. WHITNEY another major address tonight at I Russia Charges Iran Breaking Soviet Treaty on eight different attempts to adjourn. The House also took what was described as a slap at President Truman by approving a complex amendment specifying the powers to be transferred from the Euro- jean Co-operation Administration (ECA) to the Mutual Security Agency The standing vote was 151-133. Aberdeen. Last night the Ohio senator ad- dressed nearly persons at Sioux Falls and took some indirect but pointed punches at Gen. Dwight Eisenhower. He warned against "going down the road with Republican New Victory Taft's prediction of a victory in South Dakota came after he ad- dressed more than persons in seven speeches delivered yester- day. He traveled over 250 miles in the first day of his five-day bus tour of the state. The senator told a reporter "we expect to win the 14 delegates in the South Dakota primary, but it's going to be a battle." Taft's slate of delegates on the Republican primary ballot is op- posed by a slate committed to Eisenhower. It is the last direct pre-convention contest in the na- tion between Taft and Eisenhow- er. In making his prediction of a South Dakota victory, Taft empha- sized the importance he attached to the primary contest here. "The fact that it is the last pri- mary contest means it may have some psychological Taft said in answer to a reporter's ques- tions. "And, at-this stage of the game, 14 delegates is nothing to sneeze he added. Taft said he "was encouraged" by his first day's campaign in the state. He said he expected to "be strong in the farm areas of South MOSCOW Sovit't Union charged formally today that Iran's acceptance of American military aid violates the 1921 Soviet-Iranian treaty admitting Russian troops to Iran if that country's soil is used by foreign military forces hostile to the Soviets. The Kremlin made its protest in a note delivered by Foreign Min- ister Andrei Y. Vishinsky yester- day to the Iranian ambassador here. It accused Iran, a Russistn neighbor on the south, of "co- operating with the U.S. govern- West Germany Set To Si9n With Allies By BRACK CURRY BONN, Germany Big Three foreign ministers come to Bonn today to offer West Germany a key place in Free Europe's de- fenses against the menace of Soviet aggression. In the first foreign ministers' conference on German soil since World War II, the diplomatic leaders of the United States, Britain, France and .West Germany are slated to sign a peace contract bind- ing the 48 million Germans west of the Iron Curtain to the Atlantic community politically' and mili- tarily. Lied to U.S. On Membership In Party, ClaimI Perjury Charge Based on Testimony' Of Ex-Minnesotan BULLETIN MINNEAPOLIS Jo- seph Weinberg, former Uni- of Minneuta faculty member, wit taken Into cut- tody by the U. S. marshal to- Dakota and many cities also look good." The senator's most enthusiastic receptions yesterday came at the smaller town talks where the aud- iences were largely farm people. Last night in Sioux Falls, Taft emphasized he was in South Da- kota "as a candidate and I want your vote and want to express my views on the issues for you." ment in the implementation of the latter's aggressive plans against the Soviet Union." Strong Protest Observers here consider it likely that, because of the Russian pro- test, Iran will reconsider her ac- ceptance of the U.S. aid and, if she does not, the Soviets will fol- low up with another strong protest. American aid to Iran was cut off last January when Iran re- fused to sign an agreement pledg- ing to help increase "the defensive strength of the free world." The pledge is required of those getting such aid under the U.S. Mutual Security Act. Aid to Iran was ordered resumed a month ago after an exchange of notes between the U.S. and Iranian governments which the State De- partment said met the require- ments set by Congress. The Soviet note was prominently displayed in all Moscow newspa- pers today. In Washington a U.S. official said the Russian protest evidently was designed to intimidate the Iranian government. He said the Tehran government had been un- der heavy Soviet pressure before and is not expected to give in this Once signed, the peace pact faces the high hurdles of ratifica- tion by the four nations' parlia- ments, with major trouble expect- ed in the Bonn Assembly. Across the Iron Curtain, in East Germany, Communist leaders are warning 'of civil war and making implied threats to blockade Red-surround- ed Berlin. Will End War The peace pact will liquidate six years of war and seven years of time. Nazi Threat Russian troops entered Northern Iran under the 1921 treaty in 1941, at the same time British troops occupied Southern Iran to counter a Nazi threat. The Russians finally withdrew in 1946 after a strong pressure campaign in the United Nations. Officials in Washington said last night that the U.S. aid to which Russia is objecting consists of military equipment and three American military training mis- sions. The U.S. sources said all the missions were helping in the train ing of the Iranian Army and police and have no strategic responsi bilities. The U.S. in 1948 also gave Iran a 26 million dollar loan for the purchase of surplus American arms. Iran also is sharing in a U.S. fund earmarked primarily for military assistance to Greece and Turkey but the Iranian share has not been dis- closed. occupation. It will give almost full sovereignty to the young West German Republic. Winding up eight months of ne- gotiations, Adenauer and the West- ern High Commissioners completed most of the details of the pact last night. Next Monday the unique, histor- ic document will be signed by U.S. Secretary of State Dean Acheson, British Foreign Secretary Anthony Eden and French Foreign Minis- ter Robert Schuman. Acheson left Washington by spe- cial plane last night and is due here in mid-afternoon. As he bade farewell at the airport last night, President Truman said: "It is a most important confer- ence that he is attending, and one which will make a great contribu- tion to the peace of the world, if it is successful." Eden and Schuman will come here from the Council of Europe meeting they have been attending in Strasbourg. The three ministers will confer privately in the American High Commission's headquarters tomor- row morning. In the afternoon they will talk with Adenauer, who is also his country's foreign minister. The talks may continue Sunday. Three points in the 350-page >eace contract have been left open or decision by the foreign min- sters. The Top Floor of this house was sheared off by the twister which struck Bonner Springs, Ark., late Thursday afternoon. The owner, Ed- ward Huffman, is on top of the debris search- ing for any family belongings which might be salvaged. The Huffman family was inside when the tornado hit but none was injured. (AP Wire- photo to The Republican-Herald) WEATHER FEDERAL FORECAST Winona and Vicinity Mostly cloudy, light showers, not much change in temperature tonight and Saturday. Low tonight 52, high Saturday 66. LOCAL WEATHER Official observations for the 24 hours ending at 12 m. today: Maximum, 63; minimum, 54; noon, 63; precipitation, .46; sun sets tonight at sun rises tomorrow at Additional weather on page 15. U. S. Returns Railroads to Private Owners WASHINGTON (0 The Army returned full control and opera- tion of the nation's railroads to their private owners at 3 p. m., Eastern Standard Time today, 2 p. m. CST, Undersecretary Karl R. Bendetsen announced. The action ended" 21 months of Army possession, control and op- eration of the rail transportation systems. They were seized in August, 1950, by direction of Pres- ident Truman, to avert a strike. The issues were finally settled iis week with acceptance of a >eace plan by management and Fire Hoses Help Cool Off College Panty Snafchers 'By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Panty-pilfering expeditions by college boys eased off last night under threats of drastic action by schools administrators and police. There were scattered raids on coeds' Jiving quarters but far less activity than earlier in the week. At the University of New Mex- ico, a handful of raiders out of 500 got past police and snatched few undergarments out of one dormitory. Students at officers and the police used tear gas once. No one was injured. Fire hoses helped disperse 300 youths massed near the women's quarters on the Texas Tech camp- us at Lubbock. About 100 police- men and two fire truck crews held back the crowd. Many Disciplined At Colorado A. M. hundreds of men students picked up a varie- ty of silken trophies in a raid on dormitories and sororities. Many students who participated in raids earlier this week, howev- er, were undergoing disciplining. Approximately 30 University of Kentucky men and one coed were reported suspended. Another ten coeds were placed on probation for aiding the raiders. Three University of Missouri students were dismissed, 11 sus- pended and three put on proba- tion. Authorities Irked Dixie Gilmer, Oklahoma public safety commissioner, said if his troopers were called out on anoth- er raid such as one at the Uni- versity of Oklahoma Wednesday Before he arreffed, Or. Weinberg expressed surprise whan told of the indictment. He refused to discuss the charges against him. WASHINGTON OB Joseph W. Weinberg, a scientist who helped develop the atomic bomb, was in- dicted today on charges he lied when he denied under oath to a congressional committee that had been a member of the Com- munist Party. Weinberg is the man who was long described only as "Scientist X" by the House Un-American Activities Committee during an in- vestigation of atomic spying. Today's perjury indictment, re- turned by a federal grand' jury here, is based on testimony former University of Minnesota professor gave to the House com-' mittee. Radiation Lab. Weinberg figured prominently in the committee's investigation of spying at 'the wartime University of California radiation laboratory at Berkeley. In the early stages of iti inves- tigation, the committee referred to Weinberg merely as "Scientist but later identified him and called him as a witness. The perjury indictment three counts. Conviction would make him liable to 10 years .im- prisonment on each count. The indictment is based on Wein- berg's appearance before the com- mittee May 25, 1949. The committee demanded that 'Weinberg be indicted for perjury and his case long has been befort a grand jury here, Weinberg appeared before the eaders olved, of the three representing unions m- engineers, firemen and conductors. The Army said its field organ- zation which was. established in the summer of 1950 to administer :nd direct rail operations will be lissolved as quickly as possible. Army seizure of the rails was ever more than a token opera- tion. night, charges of inciting a riot would be placed against the leader. A demonstration at Oklahoma, tagged "a lust for ended in a fight between students and offi- cers. Raids also were reported last night at the University of South- ern California and San Diego State. Shortly after Dr. Walter Hapner. president of San Diego State, said he didn't think his students would resort to panty raids, 50 youths in- vaded a private dormitory just off the campus. They ripped draper- ies, set off a fire extinguisher and nabbed undies. Police arrested 12. U. Panty Snatcher Honor Student ST PAUL It was a day of surprises for a "B plus" student of chemistry at the University of Minnesota. He was notified Wednesday noon that he was indefinitely suspended from the university for participat- ing in Monday night's panty raid. The action had been taken by a disciplinary committee headed by Dr. E. G. Willia'mson, dean of stu- dents. Three hours later an award was delivered to him citing him for outstanding leadership in Pioneer Hall dormitory affairs. It had been sent before the committee meeting by Dean Williamson. Joseph W. Weinberg grand jury and refused to answer certain questions. This led to con- tempt of court but he was acquitted on his plea he had a constitutional right to refuse answers that might be incrimina- ting. Fired From U. Weinberg was fired as a Uni- versity of Minnesota professor after his grand jury appearance. U. S. District Judge James R. Kirkland, before whom the indict- ment was returned, ordered a war- rant issued for Weinberg's arrest The judge fixed bond at Weinberg is 'believed to be in Minneapolis. The indictment charges Wein- berg's statement under oath that he had not been a member of the Communist Party was "fake." A second count alleges that Wein- berg falsely told the committee that other than one Communist Party meeting in Oakland, Calif., during the.war, he did not believe he had attended any meeting which he believed to be Communist A third count alleges Weinberg lied when he testified he did not remember having known Steve Nelson prior to April 26, 1949. Nelson now is a Communist Party functionary in Western Penn- sylvania, but during the war he was party organizer in Alameda County, Calif., where the university, is located. The House committee alleged that Nelson, in that capacity, filtered the radiation laboratory with Reds and obtained atomic; secrete to be passed along to Russia. Several scientists of lesser stat- ure who worked in the radiation laboratory also were called before the committee, but refused to an- swer questions about Communist: connections on the ground of sible self-incrimination.
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