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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - May 22, 1952, Winona, Minnesota Showers Tonight, Cloudy Friday and Cooler Chiefs vs. Albert Lea 8 Tonight KWNO-FM KWNO'AM-FM VOLUME 52, NO. 82 FIVE CENTS PER COPY W1NONA, MINNESOTA, THURSDAY EVENING, MAY 22, 1952 Rail Agreement Reached, U. S. To Return Roads WASHINGTON peace, .the first in more than three years, came to the nation's railroads today and the gov- ernment was ready to give up its 21-month operation of the roads. UUCUI, iCCHaj ti w_f J.HJ T------------- Three rail unions, with a combined membership of signea a "memorandum of agreement" with the carriers late last night in the White House. The agreement, unlike one signed by the same three union chiefs in December, 1950, is bind- ing on the rank-and-file. The 1950 agreement was repudiated by a vote of the memberships of the three unions. Miy Take Week Actual relirn of the roads to their private owners will come as soon as the unions and the rail- roads sign a contract based on the terms "and conditions of employ- ment agreed to last night. That might take a week or more, even though the job is almost purely mechanical. The agreement, worked out be- tween the carriers and the brother- hoods of engineers, firemen and the conductors after intensive me- diation efforts by Presidential As- sistant John R. does these things: 1. Raises wages 37 cents an hour for men in the yards and 22% cents for over-the-road employes. 2. Ties wages to the cost of liv- ing, Payxnow goes up or down 1 cent each three months for each one point change in the govern- ment's cost-of-living index. 3. Lays the foundation for yard- men to switch from a 48-hour week to a 40-hour week and get a 4-cent pay hike when the shorter work week takes effect. 4. Gives the unions .the right to reject carrier requests to run the same train crew through a divi- sional terminal point if the two parties can't negotiate their dis- agreements over these interdivi- sional runs. Long Dispute The long dispute dates to March, 1949, when the conductors first made their wage and working rules demands on the roads. The government seized the roads in August, 1950, to avert a nation- wide strike. On two occasions the Army, technical operator of the roads, obtained no-strike court orders. The three unions are still working under one of them, issued after a strike against the New York Central last March. The seizure came under a 1916 law applying to transportation sys- tems in time of war. The White House has said the law will expire June 30. Last night's agreement, barring unexpected events, means substan- tial labor union peace on the rail- roads for many for the next year and a half, the duration of last night's settlement. WEATHER FEDERAL FORECAST Winona and Vicinity Cloudy with occasional showers tonight. Considerable cloudiness Friday and a little cooler. Low tonight 52, high Friday 66. LOCAL WEATHER Official observations for the 24 hours ending at 12 m. today: Maximum, 74; minimum, 51; noon, 62; precipitation, trace; sun sets tonight at sun rises to- morrow at Red Prisoners Fly Own Flag, Drill in Camp Gen. Van Fleet Promises Complete Recontrol Shortly KOJE ISLAND, Korea James A. Van Fleet said today the stubborn Communist captives' on riot-torn Koje Island shortly will be "under complete control within their compounds." The U. S. Eighth Army com- mander briefly visited this prison- er of war camp No. 1, where die- hard Reds two weeks ago seized and held the camp commander as hostage for 78 hours. Under its new commander, Brig. Gen. Haydon L. Boatner, the Koje camp is "certainly fast preaching adequate Van Fleet said. "I believe it is just a question of a short he said at a press j wffl take care of conference, "when the prisoners j jtseif under his new attorney gen will conform to all the orders of the camp and will be under com- Ridgway Warns May Use Germs, Gas Truman Stands Firm on Right To Seize Mills WASHINGTON (m President Truman said today (A) he is sure of his power to seize industries in an emergency, (B) he likes all the men who have come out for the Democratic nomination for Presi- dent, and (C) he believes the gov RT, Actress Iris Whitney friend of Actor John Garfield, told police in New York that Garfield, 39, "tough guy" screen and stage actor, died of a heart attack in her two- room apartment in Gramercy Park. She said he became ill while visiting her and that she permitted him to remain over- night. When she tried to awaken him the following morning, she met with no suc- cess. Police learned of the death through a routine report of a private physician to the medical examiner. (AP Wire- photo) U.5. Bombers Smash at Red Supply Center By JOHN RANDOLPH SEOUL, Korea Fifth Air Force fighter-bombers, in an all- out, hour-by-hour attack, today smashed a huge Communist supply area between the North Korean capital of Pyongyang and its port, Chinnampo. The attack began at dawn and continued throughout the day. The Air Force described the target area as a huge war materiel manu- facturing and supply area. Pilots reported 117 buildings de- stroyed and 80 heavily damaged. Fighter pilots from the 1st Ma- rine Aircraft Wing and the Royal Australian Air Force 77th Squad- ron took part in the big strike. On the ground, U.S. Patton tank guns shot up Red fortifications along a 20-mile sector of the Central Front yesterday. A U.S. Eighth Army staff officer said the tanks blasted 250 Red bunkers and inflicted 354 casual- ties. Tanks of the U.S. 40th Divi- sion (California National Guard) spearheaded the assault. The staff officer said one Allied plete control within their com- pounds." Communist prisoners in Koje's 17 compounds have been in control within their enclosures since Brig. Gen. Francis Dodd's seizure May 7. Like Training Camp No camp personnel have been permitted to enter the prisoner compounds since that date. Van Fleet rode through the POW camp in a jeep driven by Boat- ner. Van Fleet was shown the compound containing pris- oners brought to Koje in the last two days from compound 10 in Pu- san. These prisoners also had riot- ed at Pusan, where one POW was killed and 85 were injured. Van Fleet saw North Korean and Chinese flags flying from poles in each compound. He watched the Red-dominated prisoners march- ing and drilling within their com- pounds which frequently looked like Army training camps. He also saw tough American air- borne troops and infantrymen of the Second Division drilling -with even more precision and determ- ination. Senators Demand Full Investigation WASHINGTON sena- tors demanded more facts from the Pentagon and Korean com- manders today about the handling of the Koje Island .prisoner of war camp. Sen. Bridges (R-NH) told a re- porter that closed-door testimony yesterday by Gen. Matthew B. Ridgway, recent Far Eastern com- mander, left many questions un- answered. Additional weather on page 17. I tank was lost. Both Russell Bridges (D-Ga) and Chairman of the Senate Armed Services Committee quot ed Ridgway as saying his orders had not been carried out in obtain- ing the release of Brig. Gen. Fran- cis T. Dodd after Dodd's seizure by Communist prisoners on the Korean island. Mystery Angle Sen. Margaret Chase Smith (R- Me) tossed a mystery angle into the affair late yesterday by telling the Senate that a woman relative of Gen. Dodd contended "Dodd re- ceived orders from superiors in the Army to 'coddle and appease' eral. Truman, in a far-ranging news conference, also said he doesn't know whether Gov. Adlai Steven- son of Illinois might be persuaded ;o seek or accept the Democratic nomination. Politics took second place in the discussion. The conference was highlighted by the President's statement that he has power to seize industries in time of national emergency. he in- cluded both Congress and the take that power away, ae said. Best of Humor But when pressed by questions on what he would do if the Su- preme Court specifically denies his authority to seize and operate the steel industry, the President said he would turn ,the mills back to their managements. He added, however, that he did not believe the court would do that. In the best of humor, the Presi- dent smilingly parried questions from reporters who said they were trying to reconcile his reassertion of "inherent" presidential powers with his willingness to yield on the steel seizure, if the declared it" illegal." As for" legislation out- lawing the seizure, Truman re- minded questioners that any act of Congress must be signed by the plain reference to the President's power to veto legisla- tion. He remarked that he has been trying, ever since he entered the White House, to get an industrial relations law which would make possible real collective bargaining. The law, he. said, must provide some method of keeping the coun- try running in cases of major threats to the nation's welfare. The President said he did not know whether seizure authority was the only way of accomplish- ing this. There is some way, cer- tainly, he he intends to keep searching for it. Truman ducked every question which sought ta enlist him for or against any specific political can- didate, whoever he is, to the ut- most. Quizzed on whether he had shown a lack of enthusiasm for Sen. Estes Kefauver of Tennessee, the Presi- dent said he likes every man who has come out for the Democratic nomination. Clean.Up Slated On other points, Truman: 1. Told questioners that the ad- Tank Cars Smoldered at Lowell, Ind., this morning atop the ruins of the railroad depot de- stroyed by flames. Four tank cars burst into flames last night in the center of the downtown district of Lowell after 14 cars of a Monon freight train left the rails. The wreckage blocked travel on the town's main street and highway leading to Indianapolis. (AP Wirephoto to The Repub- lican-Herald) 'Lust for Lace' V Parity Raids Spread To Shame of Colleges By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS The snowballing panty raids spread across the nation from Maine to California yesterday despite., efforts by some coeds, cops 3 Arrested in SI Raid At Quonset Point the Communist prisoners on Koje i ministration's long-stalled clean-up island.'1 Some light on what has been drive will be quickly taken care of when James P. McGranery is happening may come today from sworn in as attorney general on a conference between Secretary of j Tuesday. Rep. George H. Bender (R-Ohio) laughs as he displays a dish of gold foil wrapped potatoes which he told House members were offered him in his favorite restaurant in Washington, D.C., with a flourish as a special treat. He blamed the OPS for what he called a black market in potatoes, reporting that his restaurant friend said he had to pay for a bag of cabbage and a bag of onions he didn't get, to obtain the potatoes. (AP Wirephoto) the Army Pace and Sens. Bridges and Lyndon B. Johnson Bridges has been demanding a full dress Senate inquiry and John- son heads the defense investigating subcommittee of the armed serv- ices committee. At of Ridgway's Sen- ate conference, Chairman Russell said Congress expects military leaders to "re-establish control" of the Communist prisoners and "crack down where a crackdown is needed." The senators said Ridgway told them the Communists apparently had a strong underground organiz- ed in the prisoner compounds and were able to communicate secret- ly but rapidly with China and Rus- sia. The general also confirmed re- ports that several prisoners had j been brutally slain by fellow pris- oners. Tories Win Test Of Election Vow LONDON UP) Prime Minister Churchill's Conservatives last night won the first parliamentary tests of their election pledge to undo part of the previous Labor govern- ment's nationalization program. The Conservatives defeated by a 24-vote margin a Labor party resolution attacking denationaliza- tion as a "return to wasteful com- petition." The vote was 307 to 283. The House then adopted, 305-283, a government motion to return to. private ownership the nationalized long-distance trucking industry. and college authorities to stymie theijB. ._ Many of the latesTforays were aDTn fun but others wound up in The'worst brawl last night was at the University of Oklahoma, where a demonstration, labeled a 'Lust for ended in an egg- tossing riot. And at the University of Georgia students were routed by tear gas and bombs after hurling rocks and eggs at police patrol cars. Strange Fad The strange fad, in which col- lege boys invade women's dormi- tories and sororities in seach of undergarments, began several weeks ago but became widespread this week. Since Sunday undie sorties have occurred at more than 40 schools, many of them large universities. In the Oklahoma wrangle at Norman, Okla., last night, about male students made off with lingerie loot from 16 women's dor- mitories. The crowd got out of hand and West Germans Ready to Sign Big 3 Treaty BONN, .Germany Konrad Adenauer and the Western Allies solved their major financial dispute holding up the West Ger- man peace contract early today and made preparations for a week- end visit from the Big.-JThree for- eign ministers. In a 13-hour session ending shortly after midnight, Adenauer- 2. Insisted he had not implied any criticism of Frank McKinney, Democratic national chairman, in a recent message to Americans for Democratic Action McKin- ney is a good chairman, the Presi- dent said. 3. Declined an invitation to elab- orate on his recent denunciation of the bill to give states clear title to oil bearing submerged lands beyond their shores. He promised he would have more to say when the legislation reaches him for signature. 4. Avoided comment on yester- day's statement by Gen. Matthew B, Ridgway that the outlook for a Korean armistice is not bright. The President said he had no com- Gen. Ridgway knows more about the situation than any- one else. Skimping Couple Loses DAYTON, O. Mr. and Mrs, Albert E. White were wed 25 years ago, they decided to go along with just the bare necessities in life. Both worked. Neither smoked nor drank. They had no car. Mov; ies were a luxury. When they counted up their sav- ings last week end, they had which Mrs. White kept pinned to her slip. They intended to bank the money Monday. But Mrs. White worked late and the banking was postponed. Monday night the money was gone. The couple figure their life savings dropped into trash Mrs. White gathered and burned. troops in Germany from the 850 million marks a month the Germans have agreed to raise for defense. The foreign Sec- retary of State Dean Acheson, British Foreign Secretary Anthony Eden and French Foreign Minister Robert Schuman are expected here Saturday for final settlement of two remaining points in the con- tract and signing of the treaty on Monday. The pact will give West Ger- many near sovereignty, ending the seven-year occupation, and will ally the Adenauer government poli- tically and militarily with the West. Once signed, it must be ratified by the U. S. Senate and the parlia- ments of Britain, France and West Germany. In Paris, negotiations for the companion treaty to set up a six- nation West European army snagged over the number of years that pact should run and over in- terim regulations to govern French forces in Germany. towns for help. The panty-pilfering lark turned into an egg-throwing battle after officers tried persua- sion, tear gas and finally high- pressure hoses. Twelve students were arrested. Louisiana State University offi- cials used chivalry and the selec- tive service act to repulse dormi- tory invaders. Other panty forays last night and early today occurred at West- ern Reserve University, Pomona and Claremont Colleges in South- Taft Touring South Dakota SIOUX FALLS, S. D. Sen. Robert A. Taft (R-Ohio) made a belated plane arrival here today and began immediately a five-day bus tour-of South Dakota in one of the last major trips in his pres- idential nomination campaign. Taft had been due here last night but stayed at Omaha, until this morning because of poor flying conditions. His chartered plane landed at Municipal airport at He left by bus at 9 for Can- ton, first stop on a day's itinerary covering southeastern South Dako- ta Taft will make the first of four major speeches in the state here tonight in his campaign for elec- tion in the June 3 primary of a 14-man delegate slate pledged to vote for him in the Republican na- tional convention. BOSTON former civilian employes of the Quonset Point, R. L, Naval Air Station were ar- rested by-tie -FBI last night-for a bold armed holdup of a credit union there last March 7. A New York night club singer was taken into custody as a ma- terial witness. The FBI reported one of the men was carrying bills identified as part of the loot but declined to say how much of the money was recovered. The FBI identified the trio as: Howard Hildebrandt, 25, who worked at Quonset for two months during World War II, and after- ward from December, 1946, to May, -1951. Since then he has been employed intermittently as a pri- vate detective and a guard for an armored car service in Rhode Island. Robert Roger La Plante, 27, a helper and airplane mechanic who went to work at Quonset Feb. 10, 1947, and gave up his job only last week. He was on the payroll the day of the robbery but did not work that day nor the preceding day, March 6. Gloria H. Fazzina, 30, Jersey City, N. J., known professionally as Gloria Dale. She was born in New Britain, Conn. Hildebrandt and Miss Fazzina were arrested in New York City, La Plante at his home in West Warwick, R. I. Hildebrandt also lives in West Warwick. Hildebrandt and La Plante, both World War II veterans, are charged with armed robbery on a U. S. gov- ernment reservation. None of the money was government funds. The FBI said Miss Dale was held in the Women's House of Detention in New York. Tells Congress Charges Against U.N: a Warning General Addresses House Session With Senators Present By FRANK O'BRIEN WASHINGTON Gen. Mat-, thew B. Ridgway told Congress to- day Communist germ and gas war- fare charges against the United Nations in Korea are "a monu- mental warning. as menacing and urgent as a forest fire bear- ing down on a wooden village.' Ridgway branded the chargei "false in their entirety." The former commander of Unit- ed Nations Far Eastern Forces was not more explicit in his warn- ing. But he appeared to be think- ing along the lines of a recent statement by Sec. of Defense Lov- ett that Communists charge oth- ers with crimes they mean to com- mit, Ridgway is here en route to take over the Allied command in Eur- ope being relinquished by Gen. Dwight D. Eisenhower. He gave Congress a dramatic account of how the Eighth Army in Korea, only three days under his command, repulsed an attempt by the Chinese and North Koreans to knock it out after a long re- ern California, Bradley of Peoria, ghe wag as a divorcee 111., Cornell of Ithaca, N.Y., Mer- cer University at Macon, Ga., Vir- ginia Tech and the Universities of Maine, Maryland, Richmond, ent visitor_ tucky, Arkansas and Louisville. and a singer at Tony Pastor's night club in New York, where Hildebrandt was reported to be a Robert LaPlante in custody of Providence, R. I., detectives Louis Cardinale, left, and William I. Hines, right, is wanted by the FBI in connection with the robbery at the Quonset Point Naval Air Station on March 7. (AP Wirephoto to The Re- publican-Herald) treat, and rose again on the offen- sive in less than a month. Dinin a He spoke at length of the armis- tice negotiations, which he called "no faEure" despite tie lack of a cease fire, and of relations with Japan. Ridgway said he approaches nil, new job in Europe with high con- fidence. The sinewy paratrooper follow- ed his predecessor in Tokyo, Gen. Douglas MacArthur, to the House rostrum by 13 months and three days. On April 19, 1951, shortly after being dismissed from com- mand by President Truman, Mac- Arthur told the assembled Con- gress he had passed the summit of a long military career and was ready to fade away like old sol- diers of a barracks ballad. Ridgway, in contrast, came be- fore the legislators en route from the highest Allied command on one side of the world to the highest Allied command on the other side. He made no mention in his pre- pared text of MacArthur or of his own successor in the Orient, Gen. Mark Clark. He likewise said noth- ing1 about the controversy sur- rounding the capture and subse- quent release of Gen. Francis T. Dodd by Communist prisoners of war at the camp Dodd command- ed. But he gave high praise to Gen. James Van Fleet, command- er of the Eighth Army in Korea.- Ridgway reserved the gravest language of his speech for his warning about Communist germ warfare propaganda charges. He said: Germ Charges False "I wish to reiterate what I have repeatedly stated publicly, that these allegations are false in their entirety: that no element of the United Nations command has em- ployed either germ or gas war- fare in any form at any time. In the whole black record of false propaganda, these charges should stand out as a monumental warning to the American people and the free warning as menacing and as urgent as s. for- est fire bearing down ujion a wood- en village. 'The extent to which Commu- nist leaders have gone in fabricat- ing, disseminating and persistently pursuing these false charges should impress upon the brains of those who yet fail or refuse to see the purpose of Communism, the deadly danger with which it con- fronts us and the free He made these other salient points: 1. The Communists have in their hands a "logical, reason- able and honorable proposal" for ending the fight in Korea. There will be no bargaining on remaining issues: "Acceptance or rejection, cessation or con- tinuance of hostilities in Ko- rea is now the responsibility of the Communist leaders." 2. The United Nations army in Korea stands "proud, defi- ant and confident" along the 38th parallel, with a "record of fidelity, valor and co-opera- (Continued on H, Column 2.) RIDGWAY
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