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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - May 15, 1952, Winona, Minnesota Cloudy Tonight And Friday, Temperature Same VOLUME 52, NO. 76 River Stage (Flood 13) Today 8.27 .18 Year Ago 8.93 .28 FIVE CENTS PER COPY WINONA, MINNESOTA, THURSDAY EVENING, MAY !5, 1952 TWENTY-FOUR PAGES Clark Repudiates 'Colson Pledge1 Blocks Cut in Foreign Help Floor Fight in Senate Over Total Aid Seen By WARREN ROGERS JR. WASHINGTON WV-Fresh from an initial victory, President Tru- man and his foreign aid program lieutenants worked today to build a rampart of Senate votes against any further cutting of its billions. Administration backers beat off a move to clip 400 million dollars from the total by a 7-6 vote late yesterday in the Senate Armed Services Committee. Thus the trimmed a billion from the President's orig- inal request for turns to the Senate in the same form it went to the committee last Monday. There was plenty talk of a floor fight over further reductions to possibly as low as an even six billions. President Truman, in a serious- voiced discussion of foreign aid and military funds last night, said: Winning Cold War "We are winning the cold war, and I fear very much that if the Congress continues to follow the attitude that it has on these im- mensely important appropriation bills, we may lose it, and and then these defense appropria- tions will look like a drop in the Sen. James Carley, PI ainview, ouccum Si r ibs Sen. James A. Carley Oldest Legislator Now Dead bucket.' Truman, who spoke at the an- nual dinner of the Civil Air Patrol, was followed by Air Force Secre- tary Finletter and House Speaker Bayburn. Finletter told CAP members and their congressmen guests the de- fense program "simply will not bear Rayburn said he was no alarmist but added: "I am not in a mood to be timid with my money or anybody else's when it means the defense of this coun- try." But at the Capitol, Sen. Long who sponsored the 400-mil- lion-dollar slash proposal, said he will renew his efforts on the Senate floor. If an expected move to tele- scope the bill to six billions should fail, he said, he will offer his amendment again, Foreign Aid Discussed Sen. Taft of Ohio, a candidate for the Republican presidential nomination, said the Senate GOP Policy Committee discussed foreign aid yesterday. Taft, who is chair- man, said there was strong support in the group for additional 'irim- ming, although opinions differed as to how much. Democratic senators get a chance to talk it.over behind closed doors tonight. Majority Leader Mc- Farland (Ariz) said the party cau- cus dinner will be a routine get- together but foreign aid would be a topic. McFarland declined to say when the foreign aid bill would be called up for Senate action. Alignments on the measure cu across factional as well as part lines. After the Senate and House For eign Relations Committee whacked a billion dollars off th proposal, Gen. Dwight Eisenhowe voiced opposition to any furthe reductions. Eisenhower cabled hi views from Europe. Help Block Cut Eisenhower's Senate supporter as well as two Democratic candi dates for presidential nomination- Sen. Russell .of Georgia and Sen Kefauver of de feat yesterday's proposed cut. Sen. Hunt who had toL reporters in Denver he would vote for reduction, apparently change his mind and cast the deciding vot which broke a 6-6 deadlock in the committee. Joining Hunt, Russell and Ke fauver were Sen. Johnston (D-Tex) Sen. Saltonstall Sen Morse (R-Ore) and Sen, Flanders Saltonstall and Morse are Eisenhower boosters. Losing with Long and Acting Chairman Byrd who had polled the 13-member group be- cause some were out of town, were Sen. Stennis Sen. Bridges Sen, Knowland (R-Calif) and Sen. Cain WEATHER FEDERAL FORECAST Winona and Vicinity Partly cloudy to cloudy tonight and Fri- day. No important change in temperature. Low tonight 46, high Thursday 65. LOCAL WEATHER Official observations for the 24 hours ending at 12 m. today: Maximum, 64; minimum, 48; noon, 64; precipitation, .13; sun sets tonight at sun rises to- morrow at Additional weather on page 14. New Koje Boss To Crack Down On Unruly Reds KOJE ISLAND, Korea new boss of Koje Island declared today there will be a crackdown on unruly Red prisoners. "Insulting signs" and Red flags in the com- pounds will be hauled down. Brig. Gen. Haydon Boatiier snapped "You're damned right" when asked if there would be changes on this hot spot, where Allied-held Communist prisoners have staged two riots and seized a camp commander within iour months. Boatner emphasized, however, that there would be "no sudden revolutionary change" and the in- ternational rules for humane treat- ment of prisoners would be ob- served. Boatner, an old China hand and a veteran of 32 years in the Army, obviously was irritated at the idea of prisoners taking over control of their compounds and negotiat- ing with and making demands on camp officials. "Prisoners don't he declared, Humphrey Blasts Steel Industry PHILADELPHIA Hu- bert Humphrey (D-Minn) said to- day the steel industry has done greater disservice to the country by undermining the defense stab- ilization program "than any for- eign ism could ever do." The CIO United Steel- workers union delegates whistled, cheered and applauded as Hum- phrey told the sixth (biennial) con- stitutional convention that the Steelworkers "are justified in their claims for a wage increase and im- proved working The Democrat Senator charged that steel "has refused to bargain in faith and has not told the truth concerning the present dispute." Steelworkers Await Action On Wage Plea Strike Indicated Unless Industry Acts Promptly By LEE LINDER PHILADELPHIA The CIO United Steelworkers threatened to- day in a convention resolution to go out on strike again unless they get a satisfactory wage increase now. At the- USW's sixth biennial constitutional convention yester- day, delegates roared unani- mous approval of the resolution. Their demands were also sup- ported by two administration spokesmen who .addressed the gathering Secretary of Labor Maurice Tobin and Vice President Alben Barkley. Today, the convention is ex- near Oronoco in Olmsted County, I pected to approve a resolution Sen. Carley studied for a year at PLAINVIEW, Minn. public career that spanned over half a century ended Wednesday night with the death of Sen. James A. Carley at the age of 82. The ol'dest member of the Min- nesota State Legislature, Sen. Carley died at his home here short- ly after 11 p.m. of a heart ailment. Although he had been ill for sev- eral months, he had visited his law office for about an hour Wed- nesday afternoon. His physician visited him, routinely, Wednesday. Elected to the state House of Representatives on the Democratic ticket in 1908, the veteran Minne- sota legislator had been a member of the state Senate continuously since 1914, except for the 1930-34 Sen. Carley was the author of the original iron .ore tax bill which he introduced when he first took his seat in the Senate from the state's third district and continued to introduce until its adoption in 1921. Studied af Seminary Born June 17, 1869, on a farm the Wasioji Seminary, a Methodist school near Mantorville. The son of Mr. and Mrs. Charles B. Carley, he attended the Winona Normal School, Hamline Univer- sity and the University of Minne- sota where he was awarded his stating the union's determination to win -a union shop. This is one of the chief stumbling block's in its dispute with the steel in- dustry. Union Shop Clause Under a union shop, all workers would be required by contract to Bachelor of Laws degree in 1894, j become members of the union. Following Ms admittance to the bar in that year, he established a law office in Plainview and two years later was elected county at- torney of Wabasha County. During this four-year term he maintained his office in Wabasha and when he was elected to that post again in 1904 he kept his office at Plainview. On Oct. 4, 1899, he married the rormer Mary G. Chamberlain of Wabasha who survives. His first election to the state legislature was in 1908 when he defeated William Foreman of "lasgow by a margin of 35 votes. In 1910 he campaigned unsuccess- fully for the Senate but was elected mayor of Plainview the following year and served in that capacity until 1914. In that year he was elected to the Senate and, with The Wage Stabilization Board suggested that this provision, along with wage increases totaling slight- ly more than 26 cents hourly, be included in a settlement of the steel dispute. Industry spokesmen said they'd never agree to it. In Washington, Sen. Ellender CD-La) labeled the union's strike- threat resolution and Tobin's re- marks as "the sort of thing that leads to anarchy." No date has been set for a strike of Steelworkers but the con- vention delegates in angry attacks upon management hinted the new shutdown might start perhaps suddenly and without notice should the U.S. Supreme Court void federal seizure of the steel prop- erties. Another resolution up for con- Fore And Aft Sections of the' tanker F. L. Hayes burns, sending dense columns of smoke skyward today caught fire following a collision with a freighter in the Chesapeake and Delaware Canal south of Wilmington, Del. Sev- eral crew members of the tanker were reported missing while five were injured. Note the mid- ship section of the tanker is completely awash. (AP Wirephoto to The Republican-Herald) T Tanker Burns in Delaware Canal Crash, 4 Men Lost WILMINGTON, Del. ships collided halfway through the Chesapeake and Delaware Canal today, unleashing a series of ex- plosions on the oil tanker F. L. Hayes. Four crew members are missing. Five ofi the tanker's 10-man crew leaped into the 200-foot wide uiu OI1U, W1U1 J j-T jj the exception of one four-year I sideration today urges continued term, had served there continuous- Pre.ssureJ for "the repeal of the ly since that time. He was last 1 Taft-Hartley elected to a .four-year term in Act which Jt says "Places serious restrictions on the right to strike." 1950. In 1922 he was a candidate for A resolution before the conven- nomination as 'governor on the I concerning the need for a daily Democratic ticket, but was de-j' feated in the primary. He attended nearly all national Democratic con-! (Continued on Page 14, Column J.) CARLEY House Passes Measure Giving States Oil Rights WASHINGTON House tortay passed and sent to the Sen- ate a bill to give the states clear titles to the oil-rich submerged coastal lands. The bill is a compromise ver- i void seizure it is quite possible sion of legislation previously pass- j that the workers would quit im- ed by the House and Senate in mediately. There was no guarantee that this newspaper has this to say: Bias Charged "The extreme bias displayed by most of the American press against the activities of the labor move- ment and the failure of the press to provide accurate accounts of the facts involved in labor disputes has emphasized the importance of labor's own newspapers and publi- cations." The Steelworkers are working, figuratively, for the government, thus actually not permitted- to strike. USW President Philip Mur- ray has said his union would not shut the mills while the govern- ment is in control. Should the nation's highest court somewhat different form. The Senate may act on the com- promise later in the day. House passage came on a roll call vote of 248 to 89.' would occur but the frankness of many delegates made it clear the union would not produce steel with- out a contract. 3 Candidates in Oregon Today By MORRIE LANDSBERG PORTLAND, Ore. W) Three presidential candidates and fill-ins for Gen. Dwight D. Eisenhower carried their final messages to the people of Oregon today. The voters tomorrow will desig- nate their Republican and Demo- cratic choice for the White House. Along with the popularity contest, they'll name 18 Republican and 12 Democratic delegates. All of the Democratic delegates will b. Pledged to the preferential Estes Kefauver of jour No. 7 tank and the sparks Tennessee, for certain. At least 10 i caused the ship to catch fire. Republican delegates if not the full Fumes from the tank blew back waterway and paddled ashore. An- other was rescued from the water. Flames visible for five miles en- gulfed the west-bound Hayes soon after the collision with the steam- ship Barbara- Lyfces shortly after midnight. At daybreak a column of black smoke rolled lazily over the Dela- ware countryside from the still- burning tanker. The 270-foot Hayes was carrying gallons of high-octane gasoline. No one tried to put the fire out. Firemen were unable to get close enough to battle the flames. Mud banks and woods border the canal The crash occurred near Sum mit Bridge, Del., about 20 miles south of Wilmington and halfway across the 19-mile canal which connects the Delaware River with the upper Chesapeake Bay. The missing men were identified as R. E. Oakes, first assistant en- gineer; Weyland Ellis, second as sistant engineer; Ollie Landee, deckhand; and George Carter, sea- lan. "As the Lykes got almost up to Displaying Their Gams rather than their gats, these New York City policewomen rehearse for the Policemen's Endowment Association second annual show tonight. (AP Wirephoto to The Re- publican-Herald) slate will go to the. high-polling GOP expected to be Eisenhower. See Record Vote The election promises to attract a record turnout for an Oregon primary. Five separate ballots will carry the names of 125 state and local candidates. Speakers behind the heavy Eis- enhower campaign turned their closing fire on eight unpledged delegate candidates who they fear would cast their ballots for Sen. Robert A. Taft of Ohio at the GOP National Convention. Taft decided against entering the Oregon primary. His leaders here have soft-pedaled a write-in drive in his behalf and have not officially recognized the unpledged slate. Only three of these proposed dele- gates have openly said they're for Taft. Sen. Kefauver actively bid for support even though he has no con- test on the Democratic ticket. At farm-minded Pendleton in Eastern Oregon, he declared he has always favored strong price supports. California's Republican Gov. Earl Warren, who hopes to at least show his vote-getting ability away from home, stumped outlying areas. 9 ont Two Tickers into the galley. The stove set the fumes afire. As the fumes went up the tank exploded. "I steered the ship toward the south shore of the canal until ?he shoe' hen five us jumped. The other five men were below decks either in their rooms or in the engine room into which their quarters opened." The busy Chesapeake and Dela- ware Canal accommodates ships of ocean-going size. For ships trav- eling between Baltimore and Phil- adelphia or New York, the canal saves a long journey around the Delmarva Peninsula and Cape Charles. Liner U.S. Set to Cop Speed Mark By HARRY NASH ABOARD THE S. S. UNITED STATES U5V-The S.S. United States, America's bid for supremacy in. the luxury liner class, sliced through the Atlantic today in quest of a speed record. Britain's Queen Mary, which averaged 31 knots-plus on a 1938 trans-Atlantic run, holds the blue ribbon emblematic of speed su- premacy at sea. The United States built up to 30 knots without effort yesterday on the first day of her builders' run, and Vice Adm. E. L. Cochrane said the Queen Mary's speed will be bettered today. During the trial speed run, ship- to-shore telephone circuits are being blacked out because they interfere with electronic devices used to determine the ship's speed. Cochrane, U. S. Maritime Ad- Agreement With Red Prisoners Termed Invalid Controversy Sure To Draw New Fire From Reds By WILLIAM C. BARNARD TOKYO UPi Gen. Mark W. Clark today repudiated the much- criticized "Colson agreement" with Red prisoners of war on Koje Island. "It has no validity what- Clark said. The United Nations commander said Brig. Gen. Charles Colsjon, temporary prison camp command- er, since removed, had no author- ity to "accept any of the vicious and false charges" made by the Reds. Colson signed the statement to win the release of Brig. Gen. Fran- cis T. Dodd, former prison camp commander. North Korean prison- ers held Dodd hostage 78 hours last week. Communists are now using the agreement for propagan- da in truce negotiations. Gen. Clark announced today: "The exchange of communica- tions between Brig. Gen. Colson and the inmates of Compound 76 who were holding Brig. Gen. Dodd by force and violence has no validity whatsoever. Cites Circumstances "The circumstances under which these exchanges took place from the very beginning were those of duress involving the physical threat to the very life of a U.N. officer. Investigation made so far indi- cates that this affair was care- fully prepared to manufacture pro- paganda for the purpose of be- clouding the whole prisoner-of-war issue at Panmuniom negotiations. "Gen. Colson's authority to deal with the prisoners in Compound 76 did not extend to authority for him to purport to accept any of the vicious and false charges upon which the Communist demands were based." The Colson agreement, under which the POWS released Dodd Saturday night, is under heavy fire in Washington. The U.S. military command and some congressmen declared it implies the U.N. com- mand treated prisoners of war in inhumane fashion. All echelons of the U.N. Command say this isn't ministrator, said the ship's actual speed, will be kept secret for se- curity reasons: If the Queen Mary's record is broken this fact will be announced, but the actual speed will not be published be- cause the ship may be converted nto a troopship in case of war. "We don't want an enemy to her speed capability as the ives of men would be in- Cochrane said. He estim- ated the ship could be converted in less than 24 hours. The 52-QOO-ton, 72-million-dollar failed States is airconditioned feature designed to carrying a maximum num- >er of troops las an elaborate fireproofing sys- em. It will be operated by the U. S. ,ines in trans-Atlantic service, 'resident John M. Franklin of the ne -said the ship's accommoda- .ons for tourist class passengers are the best in the North At-, ilantic service." so. New Red Attacks Statements which drew particu- lar censure, and which North Korean Gen. Nam U seized upon for new verbal attacks on the Allies in Panmunjom truce talks, were: "Many prisoners of war have Reds Accuse U. N. of Torturing Prisoners By SAM SUMMERLIN _ MUNSAN, Korea truce negotiators today accused the Al- lies "of every crime in the including use of prisoners of war for atomic bomb experiments. The United Nations Command termed the charges "transoarentlv irfmnlAiic of "V Korean Gen. Nam n asked: ridiculous. In a 43-minute speech, North "Can' your side deny that the criminal acts of insults, tortures Former Gov. Harold E. Stassen forcible writings of petitions in of Minnesota, remembered here for his bitter fight against Gov. Thom- as E. Dewey of New York in 1948, also spoke for himself. blood, threatening, mass murder, shooting and machinegunning, making experiments with poison jgas, germ weapons, atomic bombs There are nine candidates in all j carried out by your side are on the two-presidential tickets. Of those on the Republican, Gen; Douglas A. MacArthur and Sen. Wayne Morse of Oregon have Allied delegate, replied: ste ou stepped out as candidates, and William Schneider, a St. Louis law- yer, is barely known here beyond his name. On the Democratic side. Supreme Court Justice William 0. Douglas and Gov. Adlai Stevenson of Illinois have repudiated their candidacies and left it all for Kefauver. all concrete U. S. Admiral Vice Adm. C. Turner Joy, chief It has been our thought that ganda would become so trans- parently ridiculous as to condemn itself. Your statement today con- firms that judgment." There was no progress on the issue of prisoner exchange the major problem blocking a Korean armistice. The U.N. Command says it will not force any prisoners of war to return against their wishes. The Reds are equally in- sistent that all prisoners, be re- turned. The Allies say only want to go back. The Communists demand Recta Suggested Joy again suggested a recess un- til the Communists had something "constructive to say." But Nam II, in effect, dared the Allies to break off. the. talks. "Unless you announce officially your 'disruption of this conference, we will insist on meeting to con- tinue to explain our reasonable the Red general said. been killed or wounded by United Nations forces." Prisoners "can expect humane treatment in the future." "There will be no more forcible screening." American authorities quickly stated that prisoners have been killed only in riots instigated by the Communist prisoners them- selves; prisoners have been treated humanely; and there never has been "forcible screening" to de- termine whether prisoners want to go back to Red rule. The Colson agreement also pro- vided for prisoner committees. Clark's repudiation was expected to have prompt repercussion in armistice negotiations and on the Communist radio. Colson has been returned to his old command as chief of staff of the 1st Corps in Korea and Dodd is back with U.S. Eighth Army headquarters. New Command Rebellious Koje prison camp is now under command of an old China hand, Brig. Gen. Haydon Boatner. He relieved Colson Tues- day, Clark got a first-hand account of the kidnaping and release of Dodd from the two former prison camp commandants yesterday. Clark said: "Speculative press reports to the effect that Generals Dodd and Col- son were verbally reprimanded by me at this conference are totally without foundation." This statement was made several hours before the U.N. commander repudiated Colson's Koje agree- ment. A high officer explained that in military usage a reprimand is an official rebuke which closes a case. Probe Continues Clark said: "The investigation of the circumstances surrounding the seizure of Gen. Dodd by Commu- nist prisoners of war and the ne- gotiations leading to his subsequent release is continuing and will be concluded at an early date. Until conclusion of the investigation it s inappropriate for me to make pubb'c statements concerning it" The Pentagon in Washington has asked Clark to supply a detailed eport quickly. High defense offi- ials had-conferred with the Far Eastern commander prior to his tatements today.
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