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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - May 14, 1952, Winona, Minnesota Cloudy, Coofer Tonight; Fair, Cool Thursday River Sfage (Flood St.ge 13) Today (won) 8.45 7 .37 Year Ago 9.21 26 VOLUME 52, NO. 75 FIVE CENTS PER COPY WINONA, MINNESOTA, WEDNESDAY EVENING, MAY 14, 1952 TWENTY-TWO PAGES enaiors Set to Trim WSB Powers Here Are The Ten Persons aboard the schooner Eloise report- ed by the Coast Guard to be in a sinking condition 38 miles south- west of the California Golden Gate today. This picture was made Monday afternoon just before the yacht left on a six-month South Pacific cruise. (AP Wirephoto to The Republican-Herald) ONE FOR IKE Taft Takes 14 W. Va. Delegates By DON WHITEHEAD CHARLESTON, W. Va. Robert A. Taft held a 14-to-l edge over Gen. Dwight D. Eisenhower early today in contests for West Virginia's delegates to the GOP presidential nominating convention. Taft candidates were ahead of Eisenhower candidates in the state's four at-large delegate races and in 10 of the 12 contests in six congressional districts. This was based on the first slow returns from yesterday's heavy voting in precincts. The lone Eisenhower candidate to hold a lead was Thomas E. Mill- sop of Weirton in the First Con- gressional District. He was leading the field in his district on reports from 51 of 416 precincts. An unpledged candidate in the third congressional district took the lead from one Taft man. Eisenhower's supporters contend- ed that if they elect a single dele- gate over the opposition of the t US TODAY Elih Ghost Returns y JOSEPH and STEWART ALSOP WASHINGTON long ago, Sen. Robert A. Taft was quoted as had not been such a struggle for the Republican nom- ination in the last 40 years. Ap- parently, 1912, which was not exactly an auspicious year for the Taft family, Is on the senator's mind. It is on a lot of other politi- cians' minds, too, because of the looming contests for the Texas and Louisiana Republican delegations. In 1912, it may be recalled, Theo- dore Roosevelt had the support of the Republican rank and file, while William Howard Taft, as President, controlled the Republican party machinery. As Roosevelt %yon vic- tory after victory in the primaries, the Taft manager, Frank Hitch- cock, dismissed each new Roose- veltian triumph with the remark, "Ah, yes, but we've got the creden- tials committee." Old Days Recalled At the convention itself, the WSB Plans New Ceiling on Oil Workers' Wages Hopes Increases Will Permit End Of 3-Week Strike WASHINGTON LB The Wag Stabilization Board was primed to day to clamp a general but flex ible ceiling on the amount of wag increases striking oil work ers might get under anti-inflation rules. The strike entered its third week with no signs of early settlement. The WSB, in studying six scat tered wage pacts already reachec in the -industry, obviously hopec that the amount it allows will ac as a guidepost to more than 20 unions engaged in the strike against the nation's major oil companies And company and union officials said they hoped the same thing. The strike has brought on oil and gas shortages as far away as Greal Britain, where the U.S. Third Air Force canceled all but essential flights. To Name Directors The Petroleum Administration for Defense prepared to name pe- troleum supply directors in 15 states most seriously affected. Secretary of- the Interior Chap- man yesterday set up the frame- work of the organization, designed to "direct petroleum to essential uses in the interest of national de- fense and maintenance of a sound civilian economy." Chapman's order said there is a major dislocation in many areas. The strike has cut off slightly nore than one-third of the coun- try's oil production. It has brought work halt in oil fields, pipe lines and refineries O.A. Knight, head of the CIO I Oilworkers Union and major pokesman for the 22 unions in- olved, told reporters he questioned whether the strike has resulted in a national emergency. He said sup. plies to Korea and the military are being maintained. In the Gary-Hammond area oi Indiana, 75 per ceat of the gasoline stations belonging to the Gasoline Retailers' Associated expect- ed their tanks to go dry today or tomorrow. Dropping 22 Flights Pan American Airways an- nounced in New York it is sus< Steelworkers Ask Prompt Pay Increase BULLETIN PHILADELPHIA CIO- Steelworkers today unanimously agreed to close the nation's steel mills in a new strike if industry- fails to grant promptly a satis- factory wage increase. The delegates to the sixth biennial convention rose and shout- ed approval of the resolution. The convention turned into a mass demonstration. Delegates swarmed over the speakers platform shak- ing President Philip Murray's hand, shouting, tossing confetti and shooting off fire crack- ers. Dodd, Colson Called to Tokyo By Gen. Clark TOKYO Gen. Francis T. Dodd and Brig. Gen. Charles Poison, former commanders of the Koje Island Communist war pris- oner camp, flew to Tokyo today q confer with the new United Na- ions commander, Gen. Mark Clark. Dodd was captured by the Red risoners last Wednesday and held pstage 78 hours. Colson succeeded him Thursday. Both were relieved of the camp ommand and returned to former uties pending an investigation of This Air View Shows the new super-liner United States as she steamed down the James River on her first trial run a_t Newport News, Va., today. The ship is carrying a full crew of and several hundred technicians and passengers. (AP Wirephoto to The Repub- lican-Herald) pending 22 overseas flights' starting today. Negotiations in the Standard of states strong GOP orgamzation itireported over a company offer of would represent an Eisenhower 10 cents an hour and an 18% cents The Taft Confident Taft people voiced confi- Taft-dominated credentials com- mittee duly seated 72 contested, pro-Taft delegates. The pro-Taft convention chairman, Elihu Root, steam-rollered the convention into accepting the credential commit- tee's findings, presiding for the violent was the feel- ing at the a barri- cade of barbed wire. And William Howard Taft got the Republican nomination and carried Vermont. By a singular twist, of historical irony, a comparable situation again threatens to arise, when Wil- liam Howard Taft's energetic son is making his final and most hope- ful try for the Presidency. In brief, the ancient and exclu- sive Republican organization in Texas, now headed by John Zwei- fel, and the even more exclusive es- tablished Republican organization in Louisiana, headed by John E. Jackson, have been passionately pro-Taft from the word go. Sen. Taft started his political career with something close to inherited links with these groups and others like them in the South. He and his friends have worked for years to make the links into hoops of steel. Ownership of almost all the South- ern delegates has always been a (Continued on Page 13, Column 4) ALSOPS Bey of Tunis Arrested TUNIS, Tunisia put the 70-year-old Bey of Tunis un- der virtual house arrest today for balking at a French martial law decree. dence they would sweep the field of 16 they protested that one Eisenhower delegate could not be rated a victory for the gen- eral. Taft was scoring a better than 3-to-l victory over Harold E. Stas- sen in the GOP popularity section of the primary voting. Eisenhow- er's name was not on the ballot and West Virginia law makes no provision for write-in votes. In 983 precincts reporting out of Taft had piled up votes to for Stassen. Democrats held no presidential wage increase, popularity contest. Without a fight, 1 Tobin, in an address to the 2 they named delegates who will 1500 delegates at the Sixth (biennial) have 20 votes in the Democratic I Constitutional Convention of the ent Central States Petroleum Union. Tobin Supports Steel Workers PHILADELPHIA WV-Secretary of Labor Maurice Tobin told cheer-1 ing CIO steelworkers today that he stands "heart and soul and spir- it" behind them in their fight for a ie Dodd kidnaping and Colson's romise of concessions to the Reds i gain his release. Neither Dodd nor Colson was vailable to the press. The generals arrived about 2 p.m. and immediately went to a meeting with Clark. Generals Changed The Army did not say whether they remained in Japan or returned to Korea for an investigation of the Koje situation. National Convention. Both Demo- crat and Republican delegates of- ficially will be unpledged. Returns Slow Eisenhower supporters had-hoped to win delegate posts with Millsop and with Phil Hill of Charleston, director of the Eisenhower state campaign, who was a delegate-at- large candidate. But in first returns (Continued on Page IB, Column 6) TAFT United Steelworkers Union, said flatly: "The only way to settle the steel dispute is through the ac- ceptance of the recommendations of the Wage Stabilization Board." JThe WSB had recommended cent an hour wage increas to go into effect over an 18-month period, plus fringe benefits, incluc ing the union shop, estimated t Earlier, a U.S. Eighth Army spokesman in Seoul said Dodd had gone to either Pusan or Koje to report to the board of inquiry. The Army did not say specifically that the inquiry was under way. Colson was relieved of the Koje command Tuesday and replaced by Brig. ,Gen. Haydon L. Boatner, Chinese speaking professional sol- dier with several years' experience in China in war and peace. Dodd and Colson were reassigned to their former as chief of staff of the 1st Corps in Korea and Dodd at Eighth Army headquarters. Colson was criticized by U.S. De- fense Department officials in Wash- ington for the wording of his con- cessions to the Red prisoners. A spokesman said it gave an errone- ous impression of Allied treatment of Chinese and North Korean pris- oners. Other government informants in iVasbington, however, described the Poison agreement as only granting ?ed demands for conditions which hey already had. Clark's public information officer said Colson was relieved of the Koje command on Ciark's orders. North Korean Gen. Nam II, chief Communist truce negotiator, brought up Colson's concessions at the Korean armistice table in Panmunjom. Prisoner Treatment Liner U.S. on Two-Day Test Challenge to Britain's Queens By HARRY NASH ABOARD THE S.S. UNITED STATES tfl-This sleek and shiny new passenger liner heads for the open Atlantic today from Newport News, Va., to stretch her sea-legs in two days of builder's trials. The ship, America's challenge to Britain's two sea queens, the Mary and Elizabeth, will ease down the James River, through Hampton Roads, across Chesapeake Bay and point her bow eastward. It's the first taste of the sea for the 72-million-dollar palace, 'whose builders eagerly await tomorrow's speed tests. They are confident she will prove herself a faster ship than the much heavier Queen Mary, present holder of the record for the fastest Atlantic crossing. Biggest Built in U. S. The United States is the greatest commercial vessel built in an American shipyard. As the big ship passes .historic Ft. Monroe at Old Point Comfort, New Defense Pact Ready For Germany By JOHN M. HIGHTOWER WASHINGTON of State Acheson plans to leave for Europe in about 10 days to complete basic arrangements for bring- ing Germany into the European defense setup by the end of the month. Acheson is due to sign on behalf of the United States a peace con- tract with the Western German government. Other signers will be the foreign ministers of Great Britain, France and West Ger- many. Acheson also plans to be present at the signing of a treaty setting up a European defense community including West Ger- many. The latest expression of the firm resolve of the Western nations to go through with these plans as nearly on schedule as possible was set forth last night in a note to Russia. Won't Be Deflected The American note, identMcal with notes sent by Britain and France, declared that this govern- ment will "not be deflected" from the policy of creating true unity among the European nations be- cause this "represents the true path of peace." j At the same time the United States and the other Western Pow- jers expressed readiness to open negotiations with the Soviet Union on the unification of Eastern and Western Germany provided there Kobson Failed to Change Course BAYONNE, N.J. The destroyer minesweeper Hobson which sank after a collision with the aircraft carrier Wasp, failed to acknowledge a last-minute order to change course, the Wasp's com- mander said yesterday. Capt Burnham C. McCaffree, skipper of the Wasp, said under cross-examination before a Navy ward of inquiry that his change- course order never was answered engineers of the Shipbuilding and Newport Drydock News Com- cost an hofir. additional 8.9 cents an In An Effort To End the walkout of oil workers, WSB chair- man Nathan P. Feinsinger (right) and union executives held a five-minute public meeting in Washington and then adjourned to closed sessions to work out plans for concluding the nationwide strike. Above, Feinsinger chats with 0. A. Knight, president of the CIO Oilworkers who declared the strikers will not go back to work until a complete settlement is reached. He said Colson's note "openly admitted that treatment of war prisoners was inconsistent with in- ternational law and in violation of the Geneva Convention; admitted forcible screening (of Red prison- ers) and conclusively testified be- fore the whole world to the iron- clad fact that your so-called vol- untary repatriation is solely the re- sult of violence and forcible screen- ing." He said also, "The commandant of your prisoner camp openly ad- mitted there's been bloodshed." The Defense Department said earlier that bloodshed and violence at the camp had been brought on by the prisoners themselves in two riots, that the prisoners had been graded in accord with the Geneva Convention, and that there had been no forcible tioning of prisoners to determine whether they want to be repatri- ated in event of an armistice. WEATHER FEDERAL FORECAST Winona and Vicinity Mostly cloudy and cooler tonight. Thursday air and cool. Low tonight 46, high Thursday 62. LOCAL WEATHER Official observations for the 24 lours ending at 12 m. today: Maximum, 73; minimum, 49; oon, 53; precipitation .16; sun sets onight at sun rises tomor- ow at 4.41. Additional weather on Page 18. pany, her builders, will begin test- ing her distilling plant. Off Cape Henry, the engineers start the first steam-rate tests, which determine the efficiency of the turbines by measuring the pounds of steam per horsepower in an hour. The ship's high pressure steam turbines can turn up more than horsepower. Next on the list are tests of the compass and radio direction find- er. Later today the ship will make her economy trial, which will measure fuel consumption in pounds-per-shaft horsepower. Speed Trials Speed trials tomorrow will con- tinue most of the day. Spokesmen for the ship's builders say the re- sults of the trials "probably will remain a secret." The liner will return to Newport News Friday, after another series of tests, including stopping, turning and other maneuvers. Aboard for the trials are crewmen and technicians and some 600 passengers. The passengers in- clude officials of the shipyard, the United States Maritime Adminis- tration, the United States Lines, which will accept delivery of the ship next month, representatives of the many companies who supplied materials and equipment for the ship, and assorted guests. English Liberal Asks Family Tax Allowance HASTINGS, Eng. The cost of an occasional night out with, the wife, complete with supper, movie and baby-sitter, should be deducted from 'a family man's in- come tax, a woman Liberal party leader suggested today. Such a tax allowance, said Nan- cy Seear, might be called "main- tenance of family good-will." Addressing the Women's Liberal Party Federation conference here, Hiss Seear said a little extra en- tertainment might prevent the breakup of many poorer families. "Even the most devoted wife and mother will eventually feel she has seen too much of the in- side of her own she add- ed. the fundamental problems to be examined. The first problem to be tackled, the Western Powers said, is that of investigating political conditions necessary for holding free elec- by the Hobson. "I did not receive a receipt of acknowledgment of that he told the three-man board. The Hobson was cut in two by the aircraft carrier and sank to the Atlantic with 176 men during night maneuvers April 26 in the Navy's worst peacetime disaster. Completed Turn In answer to questions by coun- sel for Lt. Comdr. William J. government which could then ne- gotiate a German peace treaty. In previous exchanges Russia had declared that the study of political conditions should be made by a commission created by the four big powers which occupy Germany. The Western govern- ments rejected this in favor of turning the job over to a United Nations commission already set up for that purpose. Recognizing, however, that the Russians were unwilling to use the U.N. group, the Western Powers offered as a compromise last night "to consider any other practical and precise proposals for an im- partial commission of investigation also was lost, McCaffree said the Wasp had completed a right turn to a position prescribed by him before he ordered the destroyer- minesweeper to follow suit. The Hobson started a right turn and then suddenly cut to the left across the Wasp's bow and was rammed, it was disclosed in ear- lier testimony at the hearing. Lt. Comdr. Henry C. Lauerman, Tierney's counsel, later objected to a statement from McCaffree that he was not certain whether his order to change course had been transmitted from the Wasp. The skipper rephrased the statement to read: "I- have no indication that the which the Soviet government may. message was ever transmitted wish to put forward." 'from the Wasp." Gen. Matthew B. Rids way, tanned and in genial spirits, ar- rives' at Hamilton Air Force Base at San Francisco at the end of a 9-hour hop from Honolulu. En route to Paris, where he will relieve Gen. Eisenhower as supreme NATO commander, he is accompanied by Mrs. Ridgway and holds their son, Matty, in his arms. Committee Votes Reorganization Of Authority Will Continue Wage, Price Curbs Until March 1 WASHINGTON Senate Banking Committee has voted to strip the Wage Stabilization Board of its controversial dispute-settling powers and to reorganize it as an all-public body. As now set up, the board consists of six members each representing organized labor, industry and the public. At the same time the committee voted late yesterday to continue wage and price controls until next March 1. Today, two Democratic senators said the controls extender is so watered down it would weaken the dikes against inflation. Sen. Douglas of Illinois and Sen. Moody of Michigan said the com- mittee "did not adopt a single strengthening amendment favoring the consuming public." Controls Extended In acting on President Truman's request that Congress extend all stabilization controls the committee voted 8-4 to: 1. Continue wage and price con- trols until next March 1. 2. Extend rent control and au- thority to allocate scarce civilian materials through June The current controls law expiret June 30. The 7-3 vote to reorganize the wage board was an outgrowth of bitter criticism of the board's handling of the steel dispute. Pro- tests have been voiced in Congress over the amount of pay raises the WSB recommended for the CIO steelworkers and for its endorse- ment of a union shop in the in- dustry. Under a union shop agreement, a nonunion worker may be hired but he must join a union within a specified time. Undecided on Size The reorganization proposal, pre- sented by Sen. Dirksen does not say how many members the board should have. Their ap- pointment would be subject to Sen- ate confirmation. Present board appointments are not The new board would report di- rectly to the director of economic tabOization. Charles E. Wilson, who resigned as economic stabi- lizer in a row over administration handling of the steel dispute, had complained he was bypassed by the WSB, which sometimes went directly to the President The new board could formulate and recommend to the economic stabilizer general policies and rules on wages. In criticizing the stabilization law extension as.approved by the committee, Douglas and Moody declared in a joint statement: "As it stands, the measure is of course better than nothing. Even though the dikes against inflation are being weakened, the time has not come when the American peo- ple dare remove them entirely. No Consumer Lobbyists "The consumers as such have no lobbyists in their the sen- ators said. "The committee action shows the consumer's voice is woe- fully weak and that all too little attention is paid to his interests." Meanwhile, the National Associ- ation of Manufacturers and 'the U.S. Chamber of Commerce con- tinued their fight for an end to wage-price controls and for a curb on the WSB's dispute-settling pow- ers. Spokesmen for the two organiza- tions appeared before the Senate Banking Committee yesterday and prepared testimony for the House Labor Committee today. The labor committee is studying the WSB, particularly its handling of the steel dispute. NAM President William J. Grede and Hoyt P: Steele of Des Plaines, 111., a member of the Chamber's Labor Relations Committee and a member of the Chicago regional WSB, urged Congress to outlaw industry-wide bargaining. Grede attacked the whole stabi- lization program but Steele cen- tered his attack on the WSB. Both men accused the WSB of fomenting labor management disputes by leading the way to compulsory arbitration. Girl Dies From Burns MITCHELL, S. D. OB Donna Hilton, 17, died today of burns suf- fered Monday night in a gas explo- sion at her home here. The ex- plosion lifted the five-room house Ifro mits foundations,
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