Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - May 13, 1952, Winona, Minnesota Generally Fair, Low Tonight 42, High Wednesday 74 River Stage 34-Hour (Flood 13) Today 8.82. .33 Year Ago 9.47 .16 VOLUME 52, NO. 74 FIVE CENTS PER COPY WINONA, MINNESOTA, TUESDAY EVENING, MAY 13, 1952 Ison Out as Koje Commander Senators Get Jet Plane Facts From 2 Experts Ask Information On Sharing Secrets With U.N. Allies By JOE HALL WASHINGTON Senate Armed Services Committee today called on top military air experts to tell what percentage of. this country's jet plane production can safely be shared with Allied coun- tries. The witnesses were summoned to testify behind closed doors on an amendment by Sen. Knowland (R-Calif) to the for- eign aid bill. The amendment would limit ship- ments of jet planes to other nations under the mutual aid program to 10 per cent of production until United States military units are fully equipped. Acting Chairman Byrd (D-Va) said the committee may finish work on the bill today if this ques- tion can be settled. No Further Cuts Some members said they ex- pected no money cuts in the bill beyond the one-billion-dollar slash already voted by the Senate For- eign Relations Committee. Presi- dent Truman had requested Before the committee was a cable from Gen. Dwight D. Eisen- hower to its chairman, Sen. Rus- sell opposing any reduc- tion materially greater than one billion. The cable was sent yesterday in reply to a direct inquiry from Rus- sell'as to whether was adequate for the 1953 fiscal year starting July 1. Eisenhower sent a similar an- swer last week to Chairman Con- nally (D-Tex) of the foreign re- lations group. Witnesses Called The witnesses summoned, by the Armed Services Committee today are Air Force Secretary Thomas K. Finletter; Gen. Nathan F. Twi- ning, acting chief of staff of the Air Force, and Vice Adm. John H. Cassady, deputy chief of naval operations for air. The Foreign Relations Commit tee received testimony that planes were shipped overseas un- der the mutual aid program in the 23 months ending in February this year. But there was no breakdown as to types and no information as to how many were jets. Eisenhower emphasized in yes terday's cable that he could speak authoritatively only for Europe whereas the foreign aid bill covers the entire free world. The general said he obviously could not comment on the relative desirability of a billion-dollar cut in the budget for this particular program as against particular cuts elsewhere or overall reductions through further rigid economies throughout all categories of federa' expenditure. "It is clear, he said "that the retardation in the buildup of forces which would be necessi tated by a cut of the size already proposed would have what wouk Its Wheels Still Down, the Air Force's newest "global" superbomber starts into the air as it takes off on a test flight at Boeing Field, Seattle. For the first time the Air Force permitted release of this unretouched photo 'of the B-52 Strata- fortress. The Air Force revealed that the plane was 153 feet long, has a wing span of 185 feet and a tail 48 feet high. (AP Wirephoto to The Repub- lican-Herald) V w w Air Force Unveils 2 New Jet Bombers By VERN HAUGLAND WASHINGTON Air Force today took the "classified label off its two new all-jet heavy bombers, the YB-52 and the YB-60. 1. Disclosed dimensions which show that the YB-60 is somewhat Freeman to Run For Governor On DFL Slate the larger of the two. 2 Released pictures showing hitherto unpublished details. 3' Announced that the YB-52 strata fortress is going into pro- duction at the Boeing Aircraft Co. plant in Seattle. No announcement was made as to production plans for the Con- vair YB-60, which was built by Consolidated Vultee Aircraft Co. at Ft. Worth, Tex. Still secret are the weight and speed, range and other performance details of the giant aircraft. These are the dimensions of the two global bombers: Wing YB-60, 206 feet; YB-52, 185. Because the wings are swept back, the span is less than the 230 feet of Convair B-36, larg- est bomber now in operation. The B-60 is a development c. and im- provement upon the B-36. 171 feet; B-52, 153; B-36, 162. Tail 50 feet; B-52, 48; B-36, The B-36 has four jet engines, six piston engines, a gross weight of pounds, a range of 000 miles and a top speed of more than 435 miles an hour. The B- 60 may be considered faster than this. WSB Makes New Effort to End Gasoline Strike WASHINGTON Truman administration today made a last- ditch effort, short of invoking the Taft-Hartley Act, to end the two- week strike of oil industry workers. Representatives of the industry and 22 striking unions were sum- moned- before the Wage Stabiliza- tion Board for a meeting to deter- mine whether union-company bar- gaining is making any progress. President Truman was reliably reported waiting on the outcome of the meeting before deciding wheth- er to invoke national -emergency I provisions of the Taft-Hartley Act. These include an 80-day court in- junction against continuing a walk- it. The unions rejected an earlier WSB request to end the walkout. The strike against pipelines, dis- tribution plants and 70 or more refineries has curtailed military Orville Freeman ST. PAUL L. Free- man, Minneapolis attorney, an- nounced today he will be a candi- date for governor this fall on the Democratic-Farmer-Labor ticket. Taft and Ike Bid for Penn, Michigan Votes Senator Believes All But TOO Will Be Committed By JACK BELL WASHINGTON Robert A. Taft said today he believes fewer than 100 delegates will re- main uncommitted when the Re- publican National Convention meets in Chicago July 7 to choose a presidential nominee. On the other hand, Wesley Rob- erts, executive director of the Eisenhower for President cam- paign, said he thinks there will be many more than 100 delegates who could go either way, adding, "We believe we'll get most of them." Taft told a reporter he expects Gov. John S. Fine of Pennsylvania and Arthur Summerfield, Michigan national committeeman, will have made up their minds by convention time where to throw their support. Fine apparently controls most of Pennsylvania's 70 delegates and Summerfield is credited with being able to influence a majority of Michigan's 46. In Two States Between them, they have the largest bloc of uncommitted dele- gates and supporters of Taft and Gen. Dwight D. Eisenhower, top contenders for the GOP nomina- tion, have been eyeing them long- ingly. Taft's estimate of fewer than 100 uncommitted votes indicates he expects some of those now listed publicly as not favoring any candi- date to make their position clear before the presidential roll calls begin. He claims nearly enough for the 604 required for a first-ballot nomination. An Associated Press tabulation which now gives Taft 349 votes and Eisenhower 300, lists 155 as pub- licly uncommitted. This tabulation is based on concessions, pledges, instructions and statements by del- egates willing to express a choice. Claiming about 80 more votes than the total credited to him, Taft evidently is counting a sizable "I Couldn't Stop says Lawrence Goldsby, 20, right, to Detective David Kerr, left. Goldsby shot four persons, in- cluding a policeman, Monday on a crowded rush-hour bus in Cleveland, 0. (AP Wirephoto to The Republican-Herald) Kills Four In Packed Bus CLEVELAND unemployed youth who said he "was Steel Seizure Arguments End In High Court WASHINGTON Wl Main argu- reimcrica lias vUl LHIICU JIIIXILCU. j v and civilian flying in this country number of the pubhcly uncommit- and abroad. Motorist gasoline sup- ted as being on his side, plies have become scarce in some He also apparently is counting heavily on winning convention con- tests that may develop over seating rival Taft and Eisenhower dele- gations from at least five Southern necessarily be classed as a sub Freeman won the DFL npmina- stantial impact in this area." tion for attorney general in 1950 Good Beginning and has been both state secretary Any materially greater cut, he and state chairman of the party. said, would have a profound effect "both in discouraging our friends and in encouraging those potential- ly hostile to Eisenhower said a good begin- ning has been made in strengthen- ing Europe's defenses but "a fur- ther period of sustained effort still lies ahead." When an adequate defense is achieved, "the beneficial effect on America's security will be he said, adding, "Our security expenditures, both for aid to our associates and for the over- all security objective, will then be sharply reduced." He concluded: "My personal view is that any cut for this year of much greater magnitude than one billion dollars would in the long run be uneco- nomic if we are to carry on to the reasonable level of collective curity that mands." our own safety de- WEATHER FEDERAL FORECAST Winona and j [air tonight and Wednesday. No' Important change in temperure. Low tonight 42, high Wednesday T4. LOCAL WEATHER Official observations for the 24 aours ending at 12 m. today: Maximum, 69; minimum, 43; aoon, 69; precipitation, none; sun ;etf tonight at .sun rises to- morrow at Additional weather on Page 17. Asserting that his decision was prompted by resolutions from DFL County conventions throughout the state urging that he run, Freeman will take to the air over a state- wide, radio hookup tonight to an- nounce a six-point program to "build Minnesota's future." His formal announcement will be made at p. m, today over a state radio network including KWNO, Winona. Broad Program Freeman's talk will contain a broad program to increase job opportunities and improve the busi- ness and farm economy of the state. Freeman, a Purple Heart Marine veteran of World War II, served in the Pacific and holds a major's commission in the Marine reserve. Before the war, he was president of the all-University council at the University, from which he grad- uated Magna Cum Laude and was a member of Phi Beta Kappa scho- lastic honor fraternity. Freeman served as secretary to Sen. Hubert H. Humphrey when he was mayor of Minneapolis. He is married and has two children. State Employe Must Be Citizen ST. PAUL A non-citizen of the United States is barred from taking a competitive examination for appointment to a state position, Attorney General Burnquist said today. Both new bombers are powered with eight new Pratt and Whit- ney J-57 jets, believed to be the most powerful jet engines in the world. On the B-52, they are mounted in pairs on sharply raked-forward pods under the thin, high-speed, swept-back wings. The B-52 uses an unusual dou- ble-tandem landing gear composed of eight main wheels, with small protection wheels retracting into the wing tips. The B-52, although an entirely new desipn on which work was started in'1946, leans heavily on data gained from five years of building and flying the Boeing B- 47 Stratojet, known as the world's fastest bomber. Like its predecessor, the B-29 Superfortress of World War II, the B-52, was ordered into production before the completion or flight of a prototype test airplane. The YB-52 made its first flight at Boeing Airfield, Seattle, April 15 and has completed its first phase of testing. The YB-60 made its first flight at Carswell Air Force Base, Ft. Worth, a few days later. areas. Commercial airlines report- ed they were being forced to cancel as much as one-third of their scheduled flights. At Quonset Point, R. L, the Navy reported a one- third 'reduction in air operations. The Defense Department can- celed all flying demonstrations at annual Armed Forces Day celebra- tions in the nation next Saturday. H. E. Fairweather, district super- visor of the Interstate Commerce Commission in Indianapolis, said truck lines would be in serious trouble by tomorrow or Thursday if the strike continues. Solon Boosts Mississippi Parkway Bill WASHINGTON tfl Rep. Martin (R-Ia) Monday urged prompt approval of a bill, to authorize a Mississippi River Parkway which would follow the river from its source in Minnesota to the Gulf of Mex- ico. Martin told the House Public Works Committee it is import- ant that the project be author- ized now so that planning work can get under way. Rep. Simpson (R-I11) also submitted a statement to the committee in support of the legislation. Sen. Guy Gillette, left, chats with Sen. William Benton of Connecticut, as hearings began before the elections subcommittee in Washington on Benton's resolution to unseat Sen. Joseph McCarthy Both Benton and McCarthy are up for re-election this year. states. Backers Careful Taft said his backers have been particularly careful, where they have won control of state dele- gations, to name the Ohioan's strongest supporters as members of the convention credentials com- mittee. Taft said he now believes he will have an edge among members of this group, made up of one dele- gate each from the states and territories. States where contests may de- velop between rival delegations in- clude Texas, Louisiana, Missis- sippi, South Carolina and Georgia. They cast a total of 81 votes, a margin that might be decisive if they all went to one candidate in a close race. Many Nations Fear U.S. Trigger-Happy NEW YORK that the United States is trigger-happy c and "may rashly precipitate atomic John Foster Dulles says, is causing more worry in many nations than the Soviet army. The former State Department ad- viser adds that this feeling arises because "it has seemed impossi- ble for the administration wholly to prevent persons in our military establishment from giving utter- ance to warlike views." Such views, he says, are re- garded as "utterly irresponsible" in this country, but are causes for apprehension abroad. Dulles, long a foreign policy spokesman for segments of the Re- publican party, spoke last night at the annual award dinner of the National Conference of Christians and Jews. He received the nation- al gold award "for devotion to the cause of and good will among Protestants, Catholics and Jews." 3 St. Paul Homes Damaged by Fire ST. PAUL Iff! Fire damaged three homes in a block on Rondo Avenue late Monday and for a time threatened the entire block. Firemen limited the loss to the three homes to about One man was overcome by smoke while helping move furni ture out of a burning house and a fireman hurt his foot when he stepped on a nail ijl uiiciiijt'ivj'cu j v ii v a policeman's revolver and blazed away m a crowded bus here yesterday, killing four persons. The vouth listed by police as Lawrence Goldsby, 20, killed the patrolman? two women passengers who complained he molested them, just before the shooting, had protested to the driver that Goldsby was singeing her hair with a cigaret. When his weapon clicked empty, three men overpowered Goldsby and beat him savagely. One of the three, Ted Connors, 24, gave this report: "I saw Goldsby grab the cop's gun, whirl and shoot the girl whose hair had been singed. "She collapsed. I dived bdck of another seat and heard five shots. "A fellow had grabbed Goldsby. I went up and held him around the neck and slugged him with my fist." While the men pinned the slayer in the driver's seat and beat him, the 60 to 80 terrified bus -passen- gers crouched behind seats, scram- bled through windows, or pushed toward the closed doors. Dead were: Patrolman Eugene D. Stinch- Joint Chiefs Demand Report On Prison Riot Gen. Boatner Third To Command Camp in Week By JOHN RANDOLPH SEOUL, Korea Gen. Charles F. Colson was removed today as commandant of Koje Is- days after he made a sharply criticized deal there with Red prisoners of war for the releast of his predecessor. The new shakeup in the Koje command came less than 12 hours after it became known the Joint Chiefs of Staff demanded: 1. Immediate and full clarifica- tion of circumstances leading to Brig. Gen. Francis T. Dodd's cap- ture by his Koje prisoners. 2. Colson's promised concessions to Communist POW leaders which, won Dodd's release Saturday night Gen. Mark Clark, who Far Eastern commander Monday, was instructed to send his report to the Pentagon "by the fastest means possible." New Chief Named Lt Gen. James A. Van Fleet named Brig. Gen. Hayden L. Boat- ner, veteran front-line infantry commander from New Orleans, to take over the turbulent I prisoner camp. Boatner, third general te hold the post within a. week, arrived at Koje a few hours after his ap- pointment. He speaks Chinese and is an expert on Chinese affairs. Colson was reassigned to his for- mer job as chief of staff of the 1st Corps in Korea. Dodd, commandant of the island when Red prisoners captured him ments wound in the steel seizure case up before the Supreme Court today with the administra- tion contending "we are at war" and seizure of the steel mills was the only way President Truman could assure their continued op- eration. Solicitor General Philip B. Perl- man, in likening the present in- ternational situation to war, said very existence is he contended that the nation's threatened. Scornfully, comb, 55, called from traffic di reeling at the Euclid Avenue-East 105th intersection. Miss Annabelle Frankie, 24, whose hair is.burning" the bus. j0jjn jjavis retorted tor me Goldsby told detectives he was stegl companies: ..Our property is a native of Pine Bluffs, ArK. ana i taken awav our bargaining power Viona Mfactl? c a f frmn -_... _______ industry's claimed -fears "ir reparable damage" from govern- ment operation of the mills are "a lot of fantastic hobgoblins." Property Taken W Davis retorted for the came here two weeks ago from New York City. Pressed for his motive in the killings, he said: "I was just mad. I was mad at that girl for saying I was burning her hair. I shot the other woman because she was going to call the cop, I shot the cop because he was going to take me off the bus, "I didn't mean to shoot that other man. That was just a stray bullet." is by-passed." He said that was real injury. Davis used but 10 minutes to reply to an overtime argument from Perlman. Each had been allotted two and one-half .hours. Davis left 43 minutes unused. Davis asked the justices to up- hold the decision by U. S. District Judge David A. Pine that seizure of the mills was illegal. American Guards hold bayoneted rifles overhead outside compound No. 76, U.N. prisoner of war camp on Koje Island, where Communists held Brig. Gen. Francis T. Dodd, camp com- mander at the time, a hostage for 7S hours. Prisoners inside the compound hold up pieces of paper they wanted to show corre- spondents permitted to visit the scene after Dodd's release. Their request was denied. (AP Wirephoto via radio-from Tokyo) WilCW f-------------. Wednesday, was reassigned to U.S. Eighth Army headquarters. His job was not announced. On Koje flame-throwing Ameri- can tanks and.combat infantrymen stood guard outside barbed wire compounds, over some of which captured Chinese and North Ko- reans flew the Red flag. Object to Agreement U.S. defense officials in Wash- ington took exception to the word- ing of Colson's agreement with the Red POWs. The Defense De-' partment issued a statement Mon- day night saying the wording gave several wrong impressions. It singled out these phrases: "Many prisoners of war have been killed and wounded by U.N. prisoners will receive "humane treatment in the future." and there will- be "no more forcible screening or any rearming of pris- oners of war." The Reds had demanded these guarantees, and many others that Colson did not promise. The Pentagon pointed out that prisoners were killed only in "inci- dents at PW camps brought on by the rioting of the prisoners." Ninety POWs and one American soldier were killed in two mass riots on Koje in February and March. No Forcible Screening The Defense Department said prisoners of the United Nations al- ways have been "treated in ac- cordance with the humanitarian principles of the Geneva Conven- tion and the accepted practices of civilized nations." Further, the statement said, no prisoners of war have been re- armed, and "there has never been any forcible screening." It said Colson probably was referring to Communist attempts "to prevent other prisoners from expressing their free will." One high Washing- ton defense official said all screen- ing was halted two weeks ago. The U.N. Command said the screening disclosed that only of prisoners of war and interned civilians wanted to go to the Communist side when a truce is signed. This deadlocked truce negotiations. On Island The confirmed Communists are on Koje, Reporters arriving on Koje Mon- day reported the prisoners were in command of their own compounds. U.N. guards stay outside. The new Koje commander is a 51-year-old scion of a family that has provided soldiers and officers to the American Army in every generation from the time of the American Revolution. Boatner was transferred to Koje from the 2nd Infantry Division, of which he was assistant com- mander, He served in various posts with the Chinese Nationalists in World War II. He was Gen. Joseph Stil- weU's chief of staff for the Army in India.