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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - May 12, 1952, Winona, Minnesota Fair Tonight And Tuesday; Warmer Tuesday River Stage (Flood II) Today 9.15 Year Ago 9.63'- VCHUME 52, NO. 73 FIVE CENTS PER COPY WINONA, MINNESOTA, MONDAY EVENING, MAY 12, T9S2 EIGHTEEN PAOES Federal Steel Lawyers Begin Seizure Debate Supreme Court May Avoid Decision on Presidential Powers By JERRY T. BAULCH WASHINGTON WI-Attorneys for the administration and the vast steel industry opened oral argu- ments before the. Supreme Court today in an historic effort to settle finally whether President Truman's seizure of the steel mills was legal. But the big question whether the President has inherent powers Screening to End, Red POW's Told A Delegation Of Winona City officials was on hand to greet the first Minneapolis-bound flight of Wisconsin Central Airlines which landed at the Wi- nona Municipal Airport shortly after a.m. Sunday. Left to right are Airport Co-Managers Roy T. Patneaude and William A. Galewski; Wis- consin Central President Francis M. Higgins, who was aboard the plane; Pilot Duane E. Petit; Co- Pilot A. R. Lincoln; Frank N. Buttomer, Wiscon- sin Central vice-president in charge of traffic and sales, and Steward Charles Allen. Republican-Herald photo under the private Constitution to seize industries in national TODAY Gov. Fine Man of Destiny By JOSEPH and STEWART ALSOP WASHINGTON Friday, the man of destiny came to Wash ington. Gov. John Fine of Perm, sylvania is a smallish, plumpish Man, neatly but far from nattily dressed, his balding head a gleam- ing expanse of pink, his face com- fortably be-jowelled. At first glance, be might pass for a not very successful small businessman from Nanticoke, the grimy Penn- sylvania coal town where he was bora in poverty. There is a certain shrewdness in the small sleepy grey eyes peering out from behind the gold- rimmed spectacles. And there is shrewdness also in the remarks which the governor utters in his peculiar confidential whisper. But what is really interesting about Gov. Fine is that he controls the largest bloc of uncommitted Re- publican delegates (variously esti- mated from thirty to fifty, the gov ernor's own figure) the United States. Being Wooed As the governor himself remark ed last Friday, with visible rel ish, "I'm being kinda The results of all this wooing migh! quite possibly determine the out come of the Republican convention in July. This is what makes Gov Fine a man of destiny. A visit by Gen. Douglas MacAr- fhur to the Pennsyvlania State Fair at Allentown some time ago is in turn very likely to affect Gov. Fine's course, at least initially. Fine is a professional politician from one of Pennsylvania's tough- est counties, and he is unaccustom- ed to consorting with the great. He is also a rather lonely man, and when MacArtbur discussed lof- ty international issues with Fine, and was nice to his children, something of a spell was cast on the Pennsylvania governor. As of the moment, accordingly, Fine is rather obviously strongly inclined to throw his delegate herd to MacArthur on the first ballot at Chicago, probably by prior ar- rangement with the Grundy-Owlett Old Guard. Pennsylvania machine. Likes MacArthur Fine has been in recent and fre- quent contact with MacArthur, and he would certainly like to be the leader of a MacArthur movement in case of a deadlock. But he is' also a practical politician, and as Airline Service Comes to Winona By GORDON HOLTE Republican.Herald Staff Writer A few minutes before 11 a. m. Sunday, a Wisconsin Tne Central Airlines twin-engine DC-3 touched down at the premVSho Apri Winona Municipal Airport and officially added the city j 29 decision of Federal Judge David of Winona to the roll of 600 communities throughout Pine, Pine ruled that Truman's Yl Q farm 1 IT I A o emergencies may go unanswered because of the various alternative courses open to the court. In fact, the Justice Department argued that the issue before the court was whether, "in dealing with an immediate crisis gravely threatening the continuance of the production of perhaps the most essential commodity of our presenl civilization, the President coulc take temporary action, of a type not prohibited by either the Con- stitution or the statutes, to avert the imminent threat Abstract Extremes "We believe that the solution does not require the pressing of juristic principles to 'abstract extremes.' The brief concluded: "We have demonstrated the non- constitutional grounds which, we believe, compel reversal. When the constitutional question is reached, there is ample authority to sustain the President's action." The industry is asking the Su nation with regularly-scheduled airline service. The trail-blazing- craft snaked into the airport under a ragged, threatening overcast on its southbound flight from Minneapolis-St. Paul to Chicago. The screech of' tires on the rain-slicked runway was heard at precisely a. m. and two minutes later the 21-passenger craft taxied up to the ramp in front of the Airport Administration Build- steel seizure issued to ing. Robert L. Thomas, Minneapolis district sales representative of the American Railway Express agency stepped out of the airplane and gained the distinction of being the first person to debark from an air- line plane here on regularly-sched- uled flight. Moments later, L. H. Bailey, 101 E. Broadway, a Wi- nona merchant, walked up the air- plane ramp to inaugurate passen- ge.r service out of the city and, stm loose in after a cargo of air mail and air express had been removed from the Chicago-bound plane, the DC-3 moved out to the northwest run- way. Piloted by Capt. Lloyd Franke with LeRoy Anderson as first offi- cer and John Busse, steward, the airplane was airborne again at a.m. Touches Cff Observance The arrival of the first plane a practical matter he expects that either Sen. Robert A. Taft or Gen. Dwight D. Eisenhower will be the party choice. His admiration for MacArthur itself says a good deal about Fine's political views. The way he talks about "foreign spend- ing" and related subjects puts firmly, in the Taft rather than Eisenhower camp. Mason Owlett and Joseph Grundy are, of course, in the same camp, also Owlett at (Continued on Page 13, Column 4.) ALSOPS B WEATHER FEDERAL FORECAST Winona and fair tonight and Tuesday. A little colder tonight, light frost in deep valleys. Wanner Tuesday. Low to- night 38 in city, 34 in country; high Tuesday 66. LOCAL WEATHER Official observations for the 24 hours ending at 12 m. today: Maximum, 55; minimum, 39; noon, 46; precipitation, .14. Official observations for the 24 hours ending at 12 m. Sunday: Maximum, 58; minimum, 39; noon, 58; precipitation, .06; sun sets tonight at sun rises to- morrow at Additional weather on page 15. U.N. Accuses The Justice _order of April 8, off a strike, was the owners. Department, sup. Student to Run Against McCarthy KENOSHA A 33-year-old Kenosha economics student has an nounced he will enter the Re publican primary Sept. 9 agains1 U. S. Sen. Joseph McCarthy. He is Andrew Jacobson, who said he was a November graduate of the University of Wisconsin anc that he currently is on vacation from his position as an executive of a Chicago industrial minerals Jacobson said he thought "quite highly" of McCarthy, but that he would not "spend all my time tracking down pinks, especially if I wasn't sure of the results." ported by the CIO United Steel- workers, is asking that Judge Pine's injunction against seizing touched off a day-long observance of the inauguration of airline serv- ice at the airport. Despite temperatures in the mid- 40's and the threat of rain, more than 300 persons were at the air- port to witness the first official landing and take-off, and the (Further word and picture coverage of this historic event will be found on pages 3 and 12.) crowd continued to swell during the remainder of the morning and early afternoon estimated or more were on hand for the ifficial formal ceremonies in ob- ervance of the inaugural Sunday afternoon. The first plane, its progress ampered by strong headwinds on tie flight from Minneapolis, was ight minutes late into Winona. Dne reason for the delay was the act that complete navigational equipment has not been installed at the Winona airport as yet and the airplane was obliged to let down on the La Crosse range sta- tion and proceed to Winona under j visual control under the overcast Also slightly delayed was the ar of the northbound airline Chicago which hove int( 'view shortly after p.m. after a stop at La Crosse. Due here at a. m., the craf was on the runway at Aboard were members of the of ficial party of Winona residents and airlines officials. Winonans who boarded the airplane at La Crosse included Arthur Brom, John Clayton, H. M. Larnberton, Donald Gostomski, and Dan- iel Bambenek. Flying to Winona from Madison, Wis., for the inaugural ceremonies were Wisconsin Central President Francis M. Higgins and Mrs. Hig- gins and Frank N. Euttomer, air- lines vice president in charge of traffic and sales. Held for Refueling Because of current nation-wide shortages of airplane gasoline caused by the oil strike, the plane for a two-minute stop in held over here for nearly 45 minutes for refueling. (Continued on Page 12, Column 4.) AIRLINE SERVICE By ROBERT EUNSON MUNSAN, Korea United Nations Command today sharply: accused the Communists of using I fmdlnSs- the Korean armistice talks for a propaganda sounding board, A UNC communique said the the mills be reversed. The depart ment contends that although the law does not spell out emergency j seizure authority such as the Presi- j dent exercised, his action is sup- ported adequately 'by the Constitu- tion. Narrow Issue The court may rule only on the narrow issue of the injunction it- self and not decide the broad prob- lem of just how much unwritten power a President has to meet a national emergency. Or, the whole case could be sent back to the lower court for further arguments Reds fired "their most vicious propaganda attack of the 10-month- old armistice negotiations" in a 34- minute "tirade, obviously prepared in advance" and "filled with in- vective, distortions and palpable lies." Another plenary session was scheduled for 11 a.m. Tuesday (9 p.m. EST, But Vice Adm. C.Turner Joy, senior U.N. delegate, told the Reds the U.N. Command "formally disassociates itself from the propaganda purposes for which j you are utilizing these meetings." i North Korean Gen. Nam H charged in today's session that the Allies mistreated Red prisoners of war. Never before had newsmen cov- ering the negotiations in Panmun- jom seen the usually mild man- nered Adm. Joy so angry. After the 52-minute session, he said: I Vicious Blast "We were subjected today to one 1 of the most vicious propaganda blasts we have ever had. The Com- munists told us in effect that un- less we intend to disrupt the meet- ings they would insist on meeting every day and use these meetings overtly for propaganda although they did not use those words." Nam II again flatly rejected Joy's proposal for an indefinite re- cess until the Communists have something concrete to offer. There was no indication when the high court would hand down its decision. It could be within days or not for months. The court set aside six hours for the two sides to present their view- points, starting this afternoon. Striking Oil Workers, Firms Meet Tuesday DENVER a major set- lement for background, leaders of the striking oil workers and com- pany officials got ready for to- norrow's showdown meeting with the Wage Stabilization Board. Already the strike has had world wide effects. The United States and Britain asked all nations to conserve dwin- dling supplies of aviation gasoline. They warned global restrictions may follow. Military flying is down to essen- tials. More civilian flights are sus- pended each day. Motorists are feeling the growing pinch. O.A. Knight, president of the CIO Oil Workers International Union largest of the 22 unions strikinj for higher wages, flew to Wash ington yesterday to prepare for th meeting called by the WSB. Want Contract Knight has said that, after months of postponement before the walkout started 13 days ago, the striking refinery and pipeline work- ers are determined not to work without a contract. There was no sign they had changed their stand. Scattered agreements have been SEATTLE Force investi- jators and astronomers, after checking hundreds of eyewitness reports, said today a fiery object which exploded with violent force over Seattle and the surrounding Puget Sound country early Sunday probably was a meteor. .They continued questioning wit- nesses from Olympia, 50 miles south of here, to Bellingham, 80 miles north, however, and started a search for "strange" materials they said might have come from a meteor. The object flashed across the sky early yesterday. Airline pilots and ground observers said it exploded with a blinding flare and burst into flaming streamers. signed through the industry. But the first major agreement which union officials conceded might set a settlement pattern was okayed by workers yesterday. It is between the Independent Union of Petroleum Workers and Standard Oil of California. It pro- vides a basic wage increase of cents an hour. That's the compro- mise figure Knight said would be acceptable instead of the 25-cent raise sought originally on the cur- rent to 2.10 hourly rate. Restrictions on 3as With government restrictions on gasoline deliveries in the eastern two-thirds of the nation, more mo- torists are beginning to feel the growing shortage. One filling sta- tion on the New Jersey Turnpike went dry yesterday and gasoline purchases at tile' others were Umi- Brig. Gen. Francis T. Dodd, former commandant of the prisoner-of-war camp on Koje Island where he was held prisoner by Communist inmates for 72 hours, is greeted at Seoul airport by Eighth Army Deputy Chief "of Staff Brig. Gen. Charles W. Christenberry. Gen. Dodd was unharmed and said his Communist captors treated him with courtesy and respect. He reported im- mediately at Seoul to Gen. James A. Van Fleet, commander of the Eighth Army. DocW Seizure Well Organized Red Prisoners Had Capture Planned, Demands Compiled By WILLIAM JORDEN KOJE ISLAND, Korea Red prisoners of war hac planned the seizure of Brig. Gen. Francis T. Dodd at least a week in advance, Koje stockade officials said today. Dodd, 52-year-old commander of the U.N. Koje Island POW camp, was grabbed by Red prisoners Wednesday and held 78 hours. He was ted to ?1.50 per vehicle. Latest airline cancellations i eluded two United Airline dai. roundtrips out of Salt Lake City fo Boise, Idaho, and San Francisc and four United flights out o Seattle daily. Trans-Canada Airlines droppe :wo round trips from. New York t Toronto and Montreal. Easter Airlines said it has canceled o consolidated 30 per cent of it flights. released unharmed Saturday and lown to Seoul Sunday. Lt. Col. Grover R. Raven, almost captured at the same time, told newsmen that within minutes after he Reds grabbed Dodd the North Xorean prisoners were waving lanners which said: "We captured Dodd. If our sroblems are resolved his security s guaranteed. If there is any rutal act or shooting his life is in danger." Raven barely escaped capture. [e said the prisoner who was try- ng to drag him into the com- ound had been bayoneted by a N. guard. Raven disclosed that one month before the Dodd incident. Raven himself had been detained forcibly by the inmates of compound 7 The Fireboat Sampson fights blazing gasoline barge of the tug Rebel Warrior after it exploded in the Mississippi River across from New Orleans. Tbree men were missing and two were hurt. (AP Wirephoto) about three hours. He said the prisoners had com plained about their food and trie to force him to eat some cerer and soup. "I he said. "If the had invited me to eat I would hav done so gladly but they tried t force it on me and I refused." Raven was released unharme after the first seizure. Brig. Gen, Charles Colson, Char leston, S. C., named commander o the POWs after Dodd was seized said the capture of Dodd was plan ned and executed by the Reds "ap parently to get a hostage so thej could make certain demands in return for release of their pris oner." Silent on Demands Colson would not say what de- mands the Communists bad made nor did he say whether those de- mands had been met. Eighth Army reports on the Dodd apture, however, said the prison- rs had been supplied writing paper nd a telephone and that Red pris- ners from other compounds had een permitted to enter compound 6, where Dodd was held. Those .vere not all the requests filed by the Reds. Reporters and photographers ere permitted to visit Koje today or the first time since Dodd was sized. However, camp authorities aid they would not answer any uestions dealing with negotiations rith Communist prisoners and her "security matters." Nothing was disclosed on what appened to Dodd during the 78 Continued on Page 12, Column 1.) DODO SEIZURE Senator Wiiey Married Sunday _ALEXANDRIA, Va. sin's senior senator, 68-year-old Alexander Wiley, married London- born Mrs. Dorothy May Kydd, 41, in a private ceremony yesterday at Christ Episcopal Church. After obtaining a wedding license Saturday, the couple had indicated the wedding would be held this week. Wiley's first wife died in 1948. Mrs. Kydd was the widow of George Wright Kydd, a Bureau of Internal Revenue evaluation engi- neer who died in 1947. Clark Reveals Promise For DodcTs Release U.N. May Not Honor Forced Commitments TOKYO Mark Clark, Su. preme United Nations Commander, said tonight the U. S. Eighth Army agreed to stop screening Red pris- oners of war on Koje Island in return for the release of Brig. Gen. Francis T. Dodd. Clark, who succeeded Gen. Mat- thew B. Ridgway today as U. N. commander, listed the ransom de- mands by North Korean oa Koje told which de- mands were acceded to in order to ecure Dodd's release. Clark's statement said Brig. Gen. 7harles Colson, new commander of the POW camp, agreed to: 1. Do all within his power to eliminate future violence and bloodshed on Koje. (90 POWs and one American guard were killed in two Koje POW riots in February and Forcible Screening 2. Stop "forcible screening or any rearming of prisoners of war in this camp" and not make any attempt "at nominal screening." (Allied officers have been screen- ing prisoners of war and civilian internees to determine whether they would resist being returned to North Korea or China- after an armistice. What was meant by "rearming" was not Allow the organization of a POW representative group or com- mission consisting of North Korean and Chinese prisoners. Clark said: "The reply by General Colson to the Communist prisoners was made under duress at a time when the life of General Dodd was at stake. The Communist demands were unadulterated blackmail and any commitments made fay General Colson as a result of such demands hould be interpreted accordingly." Clark did not say whether ommitments would be honored. The agreements to stop screen- ing prisoners and allow them to rganize seemed the only essions the army made to secure Dodd's release. Obviously the TJ.N. Iready was doing everything it ould to avoid violence on the is- and. Clark's statement that the Bed e m a n d s were "unadulterated lackmail and any commitments made by General Colson as a re- ult of such demands should be in- erpreted accordingly" seemed to int that the U. N. would not honor le commitments. Nowhere in his wo and one-half page, single- paced statement did he say mitely whether they would bt onored. Red Demands Clark said the Communists mads e following demands in these ords Saturday in exchange for odd's release: "1, Immediate ceasing the bar- POW't on Page 12, Column 5.) Sen. Alexander Wiley (R-Wis) and Mrs. Dorothy McBride Kydd have a good reason for these Senator married the attractive 41-year-old widow at Alexandria, Va. Wiley, who will be 68 this month, is a grandfather, and has been a widower since August, 1948. Mrs. Kydd came here in 1943 from her native England with the British Air Ministry and recently has been secretary to a private attorney in Washington. (AP Wirephoto)
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