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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - May 10, 1952, Winona, Minnesota Cloudy, Colder Tonight; Fair Warmer Sunday River Stage M.Hoor (Flood 13) Today (won) 9.70 .20 Year Ago 10.05'- .13 VOLUME 52, NO. 72 FIVE CENTS PER COPY WINONA, MINNESOTA, SATURDAY EVENING, MAY 10, 1952 SIXTEEN PAGES Youth Killed in Highway 43 Crash TODAY Dodd Released By Red POW's SEOUL, Korea HV-The U. S. Eighth Army announced tonigh that Brig. Gen. Francis T. Dodd has been good healtl and good Communist prisoners of war on Koje Island. Dodd, then commander of prison camps on the island, was seizec by Bed prisoners Wednesday as he conferred with them at the gate o: compound 76. An Eighth Army statement said the general's release came after a meting of Communist ringleader of the compound. It was attendee by prisoner leaders from other compounds on the island. The conclave of Communist PCW leaders came after Gen. James A Van Fleet, U. S. Eighth Army com mandar, made it clear he was pre paring to use force if the genera was not released unharmed. The terms worked out at the con- Tference of Reds were not immed- lately disclosed. I I An Army spokesman said Dodd would be flown to Seoul tomorrow and would hold a news conference. Dodd will spend the night with Brig. Gen. Charles Colson, who was appointed commander of the Koje camps the day after Dodd was seized. Reds Dodd was snatched Wednesday No Hope Of Early y JOSEPH and STEWART ALSOP WASHINGTON Behind th new crisis in Korea, there is a tragic-comic story. After month of hopeless heckling, our negoti ators were at last with good the Com munists genuinely wanted to en1 the fighting in Korea. Every out standing disagreement had at leas been compromised, and then th Communist prisoners in our hands in effect rejected the compromise by an overwhelming vote. A month or so ago, when there were such high hopes, there were only three disputed points on the agenda. These were the supervi- sion of the armistice, the construc- tion of additional airfields in North Korea and the return of prisoners. With hard-headed realism, our policy-makers concluded that it did not matter much whether Poland or the Sovie( Union supervised the armistice on the Communist side. They also concluded that it did not matter much whether the Com- munists promised to build no more North Korean airfields, since they would cheat if they could get away with it. Hence, they decided to of- fer the compromise disclosed by; President Truman, ignoring the' airfields issue, letting the Commu- nists save face on their nomina- tion of Russia as an armistice su- pervisor, and insisting only that no prisoners would be forcibly re- patriated. Plans Upset Almost immediately, Gen. Nam II and the Communist negotiators indicated that his "package deal" would probably be satisfactory to them. Even in the matter of the prisoners, which they had pressed most violently, they receded from their former position. By an elab- orate system of juggling, the Com- munists were to retain some South Koreans, Awhile we were to retain the Chinese and North Ko- rean captives who chose our side. Previously the Communists had demanded that all prisoners must be exchanged, at gunpoint if need be. At this point, ironically enough, both the American and Communist negotiators thought that the pro- portion of prisoners wishing to stay with us would be relatively small. We have prisoners, of which are uniformed com- batants. Out of the com- batants, our people and their Corn- afternoon and dragged inside the compound where North Kor- ean die-hard Communists are held. He and another officer, Lt. Col. Robert Raven, Newton, Tex., were standing by the wide, main gate of the compound, talking with leaders of the prisoners. The pair evidently had been lured there by Communist leaders for conference. Suddenly the Red POWs grabbed Dodd and hustled him inside the; compound. Raven managed to i'ght his way from the arms of be Reds and escape. For three days, the Reds held )odd prisoner, meanwhile negoti- ting with him for settlement of the prisoners' grievances. American meals were passed in o the 52-year-old general and he iras allowed free use of the tele- hone inside the compound. Over his telephone he asked camp uthorities- to refrain from using orce to get him out until the Red eaders had completed a list of leir demands. Saturday morning the Army said hey had granted some of the Red requests" which included use of a telephone, writing aper and the admittance of pris- ner leaders from other com- ounds on the island. Approxima- ely Reds are held on the of them are among I affect le prisoners who have said they will return to Communism. Marshal Alfonse Juin (above) of France, commander of ground forces at NATO's cen- tral European sector, will head the one-uniform European army to be created under draft of a treaty initialed by six west European nations. The treaty is expected to be signed later this month, but parliamentary approval will take longer. Mar- shal Juin is shown here in Lon- don the day after his promotion to his present rank was an- nounced in Paris. (AP Wire- photo) leds Accuse U.N. of Planning Koje Massacre By ROBERT B. TUCKMAN MUNSAN, Korea United Nations Command today flatly re- jected a Red accusation that the Allies plan a "massacre" of Red prisoners on Koje Island to rescue Brig. Gen. Francis T. Qodd, a hostage of the prisoners. In Tokyo, the supreme U. N. Commander, Gen. Matthew B. Ridgway, angrily told a news con- ference the kidnaping "is a situa- tion of the Communists' own crea- tion There is no telling to what extent they will build up this Koje has been the scene of two loody earlier prisoner riots. Cram- med behind the barbed wire are many Red die-hards who demon- strate, shout and sing Communist songs. On Feb. 75 18, Killed a batch of Reds rioted and 75 prisoners were killed and "it Korean Cite Riots well In the Panmunjom truce session, North Korean Gen. Nam II, chief Red delegate, referred to two Red inspired riots at Koje previously and declared "yet another massa- cre will be carried out against the barehanded captured personnel of our side. This is not to be tol- erated." Vice Adm. C. Turner Joy, sen- and 135 wounded as American u- N. Command delegate, re. troops opened fire to stop it. One American soldier was killed and 38 wounded. Dodd was named camp commander two days later. Another riot erupted on March 13 and 12 prisoners were killed and 26 wounded. While the Reds held Dodd cap- tive, Gen. Matthew B. Ridgway, on the eve of his departure for _ _ He ordered Army Commander James A. Van Fleet to use "whatever force is necessary" to get Dodd out. The Red propaganda mills seized immediately on the incident and Ridgway order. the U. N. was preparing massacre" on the island. munist opposite numbers both Europe, issued a stinging blast at thought only a few thousand Chi...... nese and North Koreans would re fuse to go figure of 2. 500 was officially quoted in Wash ingtoa. But our negotiators wer convinced that if we could return even as many as combat ant prisoners (thus retaining 22, all could somehow be arrang ed. Prisoners Screened The suggestion for screening th< prisoners emanated from the Com munist side, underlining their con fidence in the outcome. On our side, we did everything we coulc to justify this confidence. We gave the widest publicity to the Com- munist assurances that all return ing prisoners would be treated like the prodigal son. And we just about asked the prisoners, "You do want to go home, don't The results, again ironically, horrified the American policymak ers as much as it enraged the Communists. A large majority of the total prisoners, including three- quarters of the Chinese in our hands, chose to stay with us. The result was a situation where face-saving and juggling were no longer possible. The interesting aspect of this wry little story is, very simply, a clear proof of the Communist desire to bring the Korean fighting to an end. They were almost certainly are to end the fighting at the expense of an enormous loss of face, any more than we are willing to do so at the expense of using more than men in our hands 'for human is what (Continued on Page 14, Column 2.) ALSOPS plied: "The U. N. Command has always attempted to exercise humane methods Some of these cap- Congressional Resentment on Steel Rising Supreme Court- Receives Briefs In Seizure Dispute By B. L. LIVINGSTONE WASHINGTON Wi Congres sional resentment over govern ment handling of the steel wage- price crisis simmered today but there were no immediate indica tions that lawmakers planned to do anything about it. On the steel front itself, indus try, government, and the CIO Steelworkers Union were to file briefs with the Supreme Court to- day in connection with the legality of President Truman's seizure of the steel industry. Arguments are scheduled for Monday. Two House committees looking into the steel matter recessed their investigations yesterday on an angry but inconclusive note. The House Armed Services Com- mittee left the fate of an antl strike receivership bill up in the air, with Rep. Kilday of Texas, a senior Democratic member, ac- cusing the Truman administration of staging a "sitdown" strike against the bill by declining to fur- nish witnesses from the Labor and Justice Departments. Claim WSB Stacked The House Labor Committee re- leased Nathan P. Feinsinger, chair- man of the embattled Wage Stabil- ization Board one legislator said was stacked in favor of three consecutive days of a grilling examination on the board's controversial recom- mendation for a 26-cent-an-hour wage increase package and the un- ion shop. The group calls in in- dustry members of the board start- ing Monday. The first witness is! expected to be George Armstrong, j president of the Texas Steel Com-! pany of Fort Worth. While Congress continued to raise dust over the WSB's steel ruling and its historic aftermath, there were these developments in the steel and related labor picture: 1. Labor members of the WSB urged public and industry mem- bers to adopt immediately a pol- icy permitting additional wage in- creases to cover higher worker productivity and annual improve- ment raises, for the rest of 1952 on prior to the January, 1951, wage freeze. 2. Government efforts to settle the Western Union strike failed again. As negotiations recessed in- definitely yesterday, the company demanded elimination of the union shop while the union reduced its demands to an 18-cent-an-hour wage increase. May Rule Monday 3. The Supreme Court, after fail- ing to act yesterday, was expected to rule today or Monday on a re- Motorist Finds Car in Ditch At Sugar Loaf Alvin Koetz Dead, Ralph Mueller at Winona General A Winona youth was kill- ed and an older companion injured early today when the car in which they were riding careened off High- way 43 and rolled over a 20- foot embankment near the ;ity limits at Sugar Loaf. Identified as Winona's second traffic fatality of the year was Alvin Koetz, 19, he son of Mr. and Mrs. Bernard Koetz, 671 E. Howard St. Unconscious when he was taken Fatality A Metrose area farmer, Lloyd Berger, was killed' and six were hospitalized in a crash near Melrose, Wis., Friday night. Story on Page 3. Patrolmen Isadore Wieczorek, left, and Mar- lowe Brown stand beside the blanket-draped body of 19-year-old Alvin Koetz who was killed in a traffic accident at Sugar Loaf this morning. The automobile in which Koetz and 25-year-old Ralph Mueller were riding is in the background. Republican-Herald photo Turn Back U. S., British Patrols BERLIN, Germany border guards this morning turned back U. S. and British military patrols attempting to enter the So- viet zone on their regular patrol of the 110-mile stretch of the auto- bahn, a super-highway between Berlin and Helmstedt. tured personnel have taken advan- quest 'by the three railroad oper- tage of these humane policies, ating unions to consider the have instigated riots and violence ernment's 3-year-old rail seizure among themselves and now have seized the camp commander whom they are holding hostage. The U.N. Command will take whatever measures are necessary to elimi- nate this intolerable situation and restore control over prisoner of war compounds." Short Session Only one minute of the 12-min- ute session Saturday was devoted I to actual peace talks, tightly dead- ported but another meeting scheduled for Sunday. 32 Eastern States Hit By Gasoline Edict along with the steel seizure. 4. Feinsinger said the Wage Sta- bilization Board is due to suspend all wage controls in the near future on firms e'mploying eight or fewer employes. 5. Rep. Mansfield (D-Mont) tol newsmen that President Truman thinks both the oil strike and gov ernment operation of the railroads will end soon. 6. Sen. Frank Carlson (R-Kans) director of the national Eisen hower for President headquar was ters, indicated in an address a Medfprd, Ore., that Gen. Dwigh D. Eisenhower, is opposed to such government actions as seizure o the steel plants. Ike Reasserts Willingness But Won't Campaign OSLO, Norway Eisen- Utah, Michigan, Nevada, Virginia Pick Delegates By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Four states name presidential- nominating delegates today amid fresh talk about hot topics like foreign aid spending and civil rights. A total of 62 Democratic and 16 Republican delegates to nation- al conventions at Chicago in July will be chosen at conventions in Nevada, Michigan, Utah and Vir- horraal backlog" of trucks at gjnja Helmstedt, the western end of the i _, road in the British zone, and said In Nevada state conventions, Re- traffic was going along as Pubhcans at Tonopah pick 12 del- A U, S. military patrol soldier said, "The Russians checked the documents of patrol drivers. They did not say the documents were out of order. They just told the patrols they could not enter the Soviet zone and ordered them to turn back. Their attitude was not tough." Other travel over the highway through the Soviet zone was not hampered. Onty Army Trucks Stopped German police reported only the n an ambulance to the Winona General Hospital was Pfc. Ralph. Mueller, 25, a Winona soldier sta- tioned at Camp McCoy, Wis., the only other occupant of the car at the time of the accident. Mueller regained consciousnest at about S a.m. today and in mid- morning Assistant Chief of Police Everett Laak and Detective George R. Meyers interviewed him in his hospital bed to obtain the initial first-hand account of circum- stances of the accident. Mueller identified Koetx the driver of the car and the Account given by the injured passenger indicates that the pair were lying at the accident scene for several hours before the car vvas discovered. Koetz' family said this morning that their son ate dinner at home [Friday night and left the house early in the evening. At Witoka Ddnce Mueller said that the two met and attended a dance at Witoka. He stated that they left the dance hall shortly before the dance was usual. people like him for President] The surprise ban apparently ap whichever amount is smaller." The inventory re of DENVER government order reserving supplies of motor gasoline to maintain essential transportation went into effect today in 32 Eastern and Midwestern states and the District of Columbia The order, issued by the Petroleum Administration for Defense concerns operators of bulk jjasoline plants, terminals and .arge filling stations. About one-half of all service stations in the area, stretching from the Atlantic seaboard to Kan- as and Oklahoma, will be in- 'Olved, the PAD estimated. That was the latest step, result- ing from the 11-day-old strike of efinery and pipeline w.piScers'-jn be oil industry, Previously, been taken o cut down on use At''high-octane viation gasoline in commercial, rivate and military fields. The new PAD order, which went into effect at a.m., CST, to- (quirement for inal operator gallon: 42 gallons Local shorties ;'s'eem most likely in Eastern.-sjia Central states be- cause of in transport- Anthrax Case Reported on Illinois Farm BELOIT, Wis. UP) A case of anthrax has been reported on an Illinois farm at the Illinois-Wiscon- sin state line. George Peiper, whose farm is located just south of Sharon, Wis., Imnois said today one of the basis shorthorn heifers had died of the ing products the PAD point of need, disease. Peiper began to wonder (about the source of some bone- meal he had purchased, 'and quit using it while the manufacturing source was learned. Hisvsupplier, who was not identified-ijearned it Airlines continued cropping use of high-octane fuel wherever pos- sible. In recent developments, Eastern Airlines canceled 25 flights between New York (Sty and 26 ay, holds that supplies may not other Eastern cities, rop below barrels of motor I The unions have ,been asking uel or a quantity equal to 5 -per I a 25-cent hourly wage hike and in- ent of total storage edacity, 'creased night shift differentials. came from Shortly after lea piper said. this one of Peiper's animals'Became sick. His brother, Peiper, a veterinarian, the animal and then innoculatwtf all livestock on the farm., The sick animaM-ecovered but the next yearling was found the barn. "they will know where to find repeated that he has no intention of campaigning tor the Republican nomination. Oslo was Eisenhower's last stop on the Scandinavian leg of his farewell tour as supreme Allied commander. His assignment ends June 1 and he plans to return to the United States then, to be avail- able if he is nominated by the Re- publican convention in July. He discussed his political plans with reporters during a coffee and brandy hour following a state din- ner given him by the Norwegian government. But he asserted that "I have said before and I say now-that I do not plan to make any cam- paign." The general will retire to civil- ian life when he returns but will remain a five star general under a rule which gives a life career to generals of the Army. As long as he holds the rank, Army tradi- tion calls for him to remain as aloof as possible from political partisanship. He said he will resign his gen- eral's commission if he is. nomin- ated so that he can speak without such hindrance. plied only to Allied military pa- trols. The patrols travel the 110-mile superhighway between Berlin and Helmstedt to help motorists in dif- ficulty and to see that drivers do not stray from the prescribed route through the Soviet zone. Another Annoyance While the military patrols from Berlin to the West were turned egates and Democrats at-Wells se- lect a 10-vote delegation. A Demo- cratic convention at Grand Rapids puts together Michigan's 40-vote delegation.. Two Virginia district meetings name four more of the state's 23 GOP delegates, six of whom already are chosen. Utah Democrats convening at Salt Lake City name 12, In New York yesterday, discus- back, the Russians were believed i sions of the Democratic nomina- permilting them to enter from the Uon campaign toucfled on civil Helmstedt end. Normally the pa-i trols enter from each end and trav-' el half the distance, then return to their posts. A British official Murder Charge Qit at Baraboo BARABOO, Wis. first de- iree murder charge against Harold inerr, 49, Baraboo bartender, was dismissed by Circuit Judge Her- man Sachtjen late yesterday. Knerr had been charged with the atal shooting of his wife, Eva Wilder Knerr, 61, last January. She was found in a bedroom of heir living- quarters, with death :aused caliber rifle bullet. agreed with Dist. .tty. HarlSffpEelley that not suf- been uncover- ed for'prbsefliition." trols were "doing business as usua: from Helmstedt east halfway to Berlin but they are shut off from here west." This official said the Soviet ac- Regents Plan Hew Buildings MADISON' University of Wisconsin Board of Regents laid out priorities for a building program late yesterday. Meeting in a special session, the board also agreed to seek from the 1953 legislature for ed- ucational television at the univer- sity. The building list includes 000 for a social studies building to house the School of Commerce and economics department; million for a. heating plant and electrical distribution system; for additional wings to Birge Hall; re- modeling of Service Memorial In- stitute for and for parking lots, A athletic practice building, which earlier had been rejected by the State Building Com- mission, was included in a list of structures to be erected without state appropriations. rights, the explosive issue which fanned a southern revolt at the party's 194S convention. said the pa- Former Sen. Claude Pepper of Florida told a luncheon gathering his state's close primary last Tues- day indicates the South is growing more liberal on racial questions. The primary was won by Sen. Richard Eussell of Georgia by a slim margin over Sen. Estes Kef- auver of Tennessee. Pepper said Kefauver, whom he backed, campaigned openly for a voluntary Fair Employment Prac- tices Commission, which would prohibit job discrimination against Negroes and other minorities. He said Russell'is "not an intolerant but had the racial question forced on him by Florida support- rs. Russell, said he would like to see a national plebiscite on FEPC. He added: "J don't think the people would adopt it at all." In the Senate rules :ommittee reported a majority of ;he nation's governors do not be- jeve a voluntary nation-wide pres- idential primary bill should be made effective this year. The committee, which has the measure under consideration, said 25 of the 40 governors who answer- ed a congressional poll either (A) Opposed any federal meddling in the election machinery or (B) Be- lieved it would be impractical this year to have voters throughout the country express a choice of presi- dential nominees. Alvin Koefi Killed in Mishap a few minutes be- fore 1 drove directly to- ward Winona. He was unable to give any clear account of what caused the mis- hap, however. He said that he remembers notHing between the time the car left, the road and he regained consciousness at the hos- pital. .Mueller, who cannot remember whether he was thrown clear of the wreckage at any time, was be- ing examined at the hospital this morning to determine the nature and extent of his injuries. When police arrived at the scene, Mueller was sprawled, uncon- scious, in the front seat, on the passenger's side of the car. His shoes were caked with clay, however, indicating that he might have been hurled from the car and, then, dazed, wandered back into the automobile before he lost consciousness. There was also clay (Continued on Page 3, Column 2.) YOUTH KILLED WEATHER FEDERAL FORECAST Winona and Vicinity Partly cloudy, a little colder tonight. Sun- day generally fair and warmer. Low tonight 44 in city, 58 in country, high Sunday 60. LOCAL WEATHER Official observations for the 24 hours ending at 12 m. today: Maximum, 58; minimum, 48; noon, 51; precipitation, .21; sun sets tonight at sun rises to- morrow at Additional weather on page 5.
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