Wednesday, May 7, 1952

Winona Republican Herald

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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - May 7, 1952, Winona, Minnesota Rain Tonight and Thursday Morning River Stage 24-Hovr (Flood Stigt 13) Today 10.75 .50 Year Ago 10.80 .35 ;i. WINONA, MINNESOTA. WEDNESDAY EVENING, MAY 7, 1952 TWENTY PAGES Russell Beats Kefauver ia Florid Gen. Matthew B. Ridgeway, center, shakes hands with Gen. Mark Clark, his successor, as supreme commander in the Far East, on the lat- ter's arrival in Tokyo this morning. At left is Robert Murphy, first U.S. ambassador to postwar Japan. (AP Wirephoto to The Republican-Herald) TODAY Guided Missile Top Job ly JOSEPH and STEWART ALSOP WASHINGTON are quite likely to hold that this year's most significant military advance, surpassing even the scheduled ex- plosion of the first hydrogen bomb, was the -obscure testing of an ob- scurely named guided missile. The missile, called "Nike" for the Greek Goddess of Victory, is a fully guided, supersonic rocket developed by the Army. In an im- pressive number of tests, it had achieved'100 per cent destruction of drone-operated B-17s flying at maximum speed at feet. Be. cause of this triumphant showing, "Nike" has already been ordered into quantity production. When available in quantity, "Nike" will give our great cities and critical industrial installations their first effective "point de- which is technician's lan- guage I'or close-in air de'fense. But even this long forward step is only a fragment, so to speak, of the truly revolutionary meaning of the "Nike" tests. In brief, the guided missile art consists in solving an interrelat- ed group of hideously difficult prob- lems, involved in building, propel- ling, stabilizing and guiding any missile in flight. Each "family of as the initiates call the types of guided missiles, of course presents its own family problems. In missiles of great range, for in- stance, it is necessary to over- come gyroscopic precession the tendency of gyroscopes to get out of whack because of prolonged friction between their parts. "If the gyros precess, the birds lose stability and can't is the way the practitioners of the art put it. For all the families of birds, however, the really basic problems are similar or closely comparable. The "Nike" success therefore sug- gests that birds of other families either have flown or will shortly fly. It can in fact be stated, on highest authority, that this is the case. And from the standpoint of America's air defense, this general progress of our guided missile de- velopment is inexpressibly more important than the single success of "Nike." This is true, in turn, because a fully effective air defense now requires an elaborate weapons-sys- tem, including at least two guided missiles besides as well as many other essential parts. Early warning radar must in- stantly reveal the enemy's first approach. Radar-directed fighters must intercept the enemy while he is still in the outer approaches. For accuracy of destruction, the fighter interceptors must fire air- to-air guided missiles able to seek the enemy in flight. An inescapable continent-wide warning net must await the enemy who evades the fighters' onslaught. Missiles of con- siderable size and range must be guided by the warning net, to strike (Continued on Paqe 10, Column 3) ALSOPS Union Posts Reward MINNEAPOLIS The Minne- sota CIO Council yesterday posted. a reward of for information leading to conviction of persons responsible for dynamiting the au- to of Earl Orange, business agent for local 1139, International Union of Electrical Workers. Taft Landslide In Ohio Primary By JACK BELL COLUMBUS 0 W-Sen. Robert A. Taft mowed down home- returns from primary pointed him toward a near sweep of Ohio's 56 Republican presiden- Kefauver rocked the state's Democratic leaders back on their heels, although his failure to file a full delegate slate-and late returns from organization strong-" holds might deny him a major- ity of the 54-vote Chicago conven- tion delegation. Kefauver's backers claimed he would get 22 or 23 delegate votes, offsetting in some measure the re- sults of yesterday's Florida pri- mary, where he was shaded by Sen. Richard Russell of Georgia in a popularity race. Far In Front With many returns from Cleve- land still missing, Taft claimed in a statement issued through his Washington headquarters that his "landslide victory in Ohio over Stassen and Eisenhower forces" puts him "far out in front" in the Chicago delegate race. On the basis of returns from about one-third of the state's precincts, Taft had elected eight delegate candidates unopposed and was leading in 46 contested races, including an at-large slate of 10 candidates. There was no presidential popu- WSB Under Fire In Fight Over Steel Policies WASHINGTON U) Nathan P. Feinsinger, chairman of the Wage Stabilization Board car- ried the government's case in the steel wage-price row to Capitol Hill today in the wake of stinging criticism by former Defense Mo- bilizer Charles E. Wilson. larity contest and write-ins were barred. went before the Committee in a Feinsinger House Labor board investigation of WSB policy, especially as it has been applied in the steel case. Center of a storm of controversy arrea stirred up in Congress over the Former Gov. Harold E. Stassen board's steel decision, Feinsinger of Minnesota, most of whose dele- went to the Capitol after announe- ing he plans to quit his job by June 30. Feinsinger, on leave gate candidates said they would support Gen. Dwight D. Eisenhower as second choice, was behind in all reported districts. There were no returns from one area, electing two from the University of Wisconsin law school, told an audience in Madison, Wis., Monday night be behind in their races. Claims 401 Votes Taft claimed his victory in Ohio would give him 401 convention votes to Eisenhower's 271, adding delegates. is tired and needs a rest. Two candidates who said they The board's recommendation of would back Eisenhower oo the first j a 26-cents-an-hour wage increase ballot at Chicago were lagging far "package" touched off a history- it..---------- making wrangle in the steel case which led to President Truman's seizure of the steel mills. Action Before Court That action is now before the that this was two-thirds of the 604 needed for the nomination. The Associated Press tabulation, including only the sure eight votes won by the senator in uncontested races 'here, gave him a lead of 284 to 281 over Eisenhower. His additional Ohio delegates would swell this lead appreciably. In the only state-wide test of his strength the contest between his at-large slate of 10 delegates and a similar slate pledged to Taft's top candidate was getting 79 per cent of the votes and Stas- sen's leading candidate about 21 per cent. Fleischmann Quits DPA Job WASHINGTON Wl Manly Fleischmann resigned today as De- fense Production Administrator and President Truman nominated Henry'H. Fowler to succeed him. Fowler, who is now administra- tor of the National Production Authority, will continue to hold that post while serving as DPA chief. Fleischmann at one time held both jobs. In his resignation, which the President accepted effective May 31, Fleischmann told Truman that the mobilization program "has now progressed to a point where I feel justified in asking you to acceptjny resignation." Supreme Court, with arguments scheduled to begin Monday. Pend- ing a final decision, the steel mills are operating under govern, ment control. In Philadelphia today, the sit- uation comes under discussion at a closed meeting of the executive board of the CIO Steelworkers Union, headed by President Philip Murray. Actions of the policy-making group usually are kept secret un- til ratified by convention or the union's 170-man wage-policy com- mittee. Today's session is a pre- lude to the steelworkers' conven- delegates from locals in the United States and next Wed- nesday in Philadelphia. The Wage Board yesterday also stepped into the oil strike with an order for striking oil workers to return to work and seek, settlement of their wage differences through the federal mediation and concil- iation service. Would Strip WSB Wilson, who quit as defense chief in the steel row, recommended yesterday that the WSB be strip- ped of its powers to enter into non-economic phases of labor dis- as the union shop is- sue. Wilson told the labor committee it never was intended for the WSB to "force the union or other non-economic decisions, or an en- tire industry .as proposed in the board's steel "recommendations. In biting terms, he struck at the board's six public members, who sided with the six labor members against the six industry members in the steel case. Striking Oil Workers Accept WSB Invitation Will Attend Conference Before May 13 DENVER co-ordinating committee of the 22 oil workers unions on strike in the oil industry has agreed to attend a meeting before the Wage Stabilization Board May 13. WSB Chairman Nathan P. Fein- jinger in Washington yesterday asked for an end to the strike and renewal of bargaining. The meeting next Tuesday will be to ive the WSB a full background of the controversy. This opened the way for specu- _ation that the WSB, which never landles a case when a strike is n progress, will turn the oil dis- pute back to President Truman, who will be faced with the prob- em of whether to invoke the Taft- Hartley Act. This could bring about an injunction barring further striking for 80 days. Regret Action 0. A. Knight of Denver, president of the Oil Workers International Union which heads the co- alition of AFL, independent and :IO unions, wired Feinsinger: "We regret the board's action at this time and point out that :t might canse an immediate sreakdown in negotiations, which jave been progressing favorably in several areas." The board turned the dispute back to the unions and manage- ment April 16 for more collective bargaining after failure to get searings under way. As the strike entered its eighth day today with oil refining capac- ity reduced by a third, the effects were becoming more serious. Military aviation has been cur- tailed and a 30 per cent reduction in aviation ..gasoline supplies for commercial and private flyers was ordered. Trans-World Airlines embargoed all air freight except emergency materials. Secretary of-the Interior Chap- man reiterated there will be no rationing of motor gasoline, how- ever. Services Assured He said the next step in dealing with developing shortages will be to earmark "specified quantities of suppliers' inventories for emer- gency use as directed by the Pe- troleum Administration for De- fense." He said this would assure main- tenance of vital public services in some areas. Some negotiations continued on a hopeful note. In New York, a spokesman for the Cities Service Oil Company, one of the largest firms hit by the strike, revealed a telegram had been sent to the WSB agreeing to resume negotiations. The telegram also said Cities Service would resume operations if strikers would return to work. In San Francisco, what was de- scribed as the best offer yet was rejected by CIO oil workers' ne- gotiators. The offer was for a plant not on strike. The offer included a 15-cent hourly wage boost and increased afternoon and graveyard shift differentials. The unions are asking 25 cents hourly. Green Bay Calls Flood Emergency GREEN BAY Green Bay City Council declared a state of public emergency last night in order to proceed with flood con- trol projects without asking for bids. Action was taken because of past floods on Green Bay and two trib- utary rivers and the danger of more flooding. On the Easter week- end 80 blocks on the city's north side and portions of the downtown district were flooded. Army engineers have predicted a rise of 26 inches by July 6. Northeast winds cause bay waters to back up the Fox and East Ri- vers which cut through the heart of the city. The city proposes to raise the level of two roads along the north shore of the bay three to three and one-half feet so that they can serve as levees. The municipality has sought unsuccessfully to have Brown County and the Town of Preble join in flood control pro- jects but is prepared to go it alone. Casualties Up 207 WASHINGTON UP) Announced U S battle casualties in Korea reached today, an increase of 207 since last week. Air General Warns: Russia Will Have Power To Strike in Two Years By EDWIN B. HAAKINSON WASHINGTON Iffl Air Force Gen. Hoyt S. Vandenberg told senators today that within two years Soviet Russia "will possess the means of launching against this country a long-range atomic attack." "Unless effectively opposed and countered, this attack could neu- tralize our own ability to retaliate and at the same time could seri- ously cripple certain key centers of the industrial productivity upon- which we depend for ultimate vic- tory in the general said. The Air Force commander joined other Pentagon top brass and ci- vilian secretaries in protesting House-approved slashes in defense spending during the next, fiscal year starting July 1. Funds Limited The House voted to limit actual military spending in the new fiscal year to not more than 4S billion dollars some six billions under present plans. Most of this would apply to the billions Congress has voted for defense in the past two or three years. It also ordered a 4Ws-billion dol- lar slash in new funds asked. Vandenberg's prepared testimony to be delivered today behind closed- doors of a Senate appropriations subcommittee considering new money bills for the Defense De- partment, was handed to report- ers in advance. Because the Air Force chief was entering Doctors Hospital for sur- gery, his vice chief of staff, Gen. Nathan F. Twining, arranged to read his statement to the subcom- mittee. The nature of Vanden- berg's ailment was not disclosed but officers said the operation would be exploratory to determine the source of severe pain. Reds Building Up Vandenberg's statement said that, while this country has been "stretching out and whittling down our air the Soviet Union has been building up and expand- ing her combat air forces. Even so, he said, the United States still has a slight superiority because of "our long-range bomber force, combined with our national advantage in atomic weapons." By 1954, he said, "control of the air, with all that implies, will then be within the grasp of the Soviet Union." He said the House restrictions would delay delivery of about modern aircraft between next Jan. 1 and the middle of 1954 "when according to all reasonable esti- mates this nation will arrive at a point of grave danger." Famous Mental Doctor Urges Use of Hobby MILWAUKEE better to beat out brass than somebody's head." These are the words of Dr William Menninger, of the famous Menninger Clinic at Topeka, Kan., who spoke at the Milwaukee Audi- torium last night. A man who has a hobby creates a world of his own, something he can do the way be wants to do it, something he can't do on the job, something he can invite fellow members of the human race in to enjoy. This, said Dr. Menninger, is of the greatest importance to the mental health of the nation. He went on to say that mental ill health is expressed in crime, al- coholism, juvenile delinquency and personal hostilities. The hobbyist can let the rest of the world go by and in time forget anxieties and tensions, Milwaukee County Society for Mental Health sponsored the meeting which was attended by persons. Truth in Book Titles Irks Reds, Woman Arrested VIENNA owner of a book store in Bratislava, Czechoslova- kia advertised four Russian books in her window and almost imme- diately was arrested by police, the Vienna newspaper "Wiener Kur- ier" reported today. The bookstore proprietor had written the titles on a poster in the following order: "We want to Live" "Far From Moscow" "In the Shadows of the Skyscrap- ers" "Under a Foreign Mrs. Patricia Gallagher Moore, 42, weeps bitterly in a police station at Sherman Oaks, Calif., after her arrest on suspicion of murdering her estranged husband, Dr. Telford I. Moore, North HoUywood eye specialist. Dr. Moore was shot through the chest, police said, at the climax of a domestic quarrel. They quoted Mrs Moore as saying Dr. Moore beat her and knocked her down just before the shooting. A friend is comforting her. (AP Wire- photo to The Republican-Herald) Truman Considering Whistle Stop Drive By ERNEST B. VACCARO WASHINGTON tB-President Truman, approaching his 68th mrtn- day today contemplated a future of whistle stop campaigning against those he accused of playing right down Stalin s alley. His targets be says! will be the appropriations-cutters and lobby- ists who hiveBought him since he first laid down his 21-point pro- gram of foreign and domestic leg- islation in September, 1945. He placed special emphasis on budget- cutters who he said were "about to ruin the national defense pro- gram." The 'President put the "real estate lobby" high on his list of targets in a sample "whistle stop speech last night to a cheering dinner crowd of members of the National.Housing Conference here. In a "give 'em hell" speech reminiscent of his 1948 election campaign, Truman displayed a vigor that seemed to belie the fact that he will turn 68 tomorrow. "There have been certain things happening in this country that have been right down the alley Mr. Stalin wants us to he de- clared. "Now let's stop it. Let's get our senses back and stop it." He called the "real estate lobby" stubborn and selfish lot and added that "some of them are making their living fighting hous- ing." He repeated a statement of his 11948 campaign that Sen. Robert A. Taft of Ohio turned against his own bill for a long-range housing pro- gram in the extra session of that year and got the Senate to kill it. He accused opponents of "trying to choke the public housing pro- gram to death" by cutting off ap- propriations and of hamstringing the government in its efforts to get world peace by "about ruining the national defense program. Truman was given a standing ovation when he entered the dining room for his extemporaneous talk to the public housing advocates. He spoke after-Sen. Douglas CD- HI) and Sen. Tobey (R-NH) prom- ised to fight for defeat of a House appropriations bill provision cut- ting Truman's program for low-rent housing units to for next year. Truman made it clear that his whistle stop campaigning will not end with his support of the Demo- cratic nominee for President this year. "If we keep our he said, "we can get a peace that will last." Consumer Credit Controls Off WASHINGTON Federal Reserve Board today suspended controls over installment buying. The decision means there will be no curbs on down payments or length of time to pay for auto mobiles, appliances, and scores of other items. The board decided that supplies of these goods are large enough now so that controls are no longer needed for the' time being to fight inflation. Body of Hastings Man Recovered HASTINGS, Minn. The body of Mike Roberts, 45, drowned April 11 when his boat capsized as he was rowing from his nearby flooded farm home, was recovered last night from the Mississippi Riv- er. In St. Paul, harbor police found in the same stream yesterday the body of an unidentified man about 40. Officers said the body had been in the water about two weeks. WEATHER FEDERAL FORECAST Winona and Vicinity Cloudy with rain ending by Thursday noon. Clearing Thursday. Not so cool tonight and Thursday. Low tonight 52, high Thursday 60. LOCAL WEATHER Official observations for the 24 hours ending at 12 m. today: Maximum, 69; minimum, 50; noon, 50; precipitation, .05; sun sets tonight at sun rises to- morrow at Additional weather on Page 15. Rural Counties Give Georgia Senator Lead Senator Holland Wins Renomination For 6-Year Term By DON WHITEHEAD MIAMI, Fla. UP) Florida's farm vote nudged Sen. Russell of Geor- gia into a slim and bitterly con- tested victory today over Sen. Ke- fauver of Tennessee in this state'i presidential preference primary.7 Late vote counts coming out of the rural counties near the Geor- gia-Alabama border were just a little more than Kefauver could match. There appeared to be no reason- able chance for the Tennessean to overtake Russell in this fight for Southern support in the Demo- cratic presidential campaign. All except three of the uncounted pre- cincts were in farm counties which were going for Russeff and against Jefauver. The vote from of precincts: Russell Kefauver Sen. George Smathers (D-Fla) had predicted a 2-1 victory for Russell in Florida's first presiden- tial popularity contest in 20 years. Russell had the support of Smath- ers and Sen. Holland Gpv. Fuller Warren, the entire Florida congressional delegation, and most of the state's political leaders. But the slow-talking Kefauver waged his familiar hand-shaking campaign across the state with his pretty wife Nancy, his 81-year-old father, and his four children to cut down the odds and almost pull an. upset victory. Big Majority Russell carried the big majority of the state's 67 counties. He was ahead in 53 and Kefauver in eight. Kefauver received a flood of votes in Dade Pinellas Volus'ia (Daytona and Monroe (Key West) that almost made up in concen- trated strength what he lacked in other parts of the state. There were no Democratic Na- tional Convention delegates in- volved in the Russell Kefauver scrap. The party's 24 delegates .will be named in a second primary May 27 and both Kefauver and Russell are expected to return and wage another battle over delegates. The Republicans had no candi- date entered in yesterday's presi- dential primary, which drew heavy, voting. The Republicans named their 18 delegates last February at a meet- ing of the State GOP Executive Committee. Holland Wins Sen. Holland easily won re- nomination to another six-year term in the Senate, which in this heavily Democratic state is equiva- lent to election. Kefauver and Russell had two political unknowns listed on the ballot with them Charles B. Compton of Miami Beach, a time jockey, and Carroll S. Shaw of Miami, an electrician. Surpris- ingly Shaw polled more than votes and Compton more than The Florida election laws make no provision for presidential write- in voting but there were a few scattered write-ins reported for Gen. Dwight D. Eisenhower. Kefauver's greatest strength lay in Dade County, which the Kefau- ver crime committee had tabbed as one of the underworld gathering places. It gave him votes and Russell Senate Seaway Debate Postponed WASHINGTON Senate de- bate on the controversial St. Law- rence Seaway bill has been post- poned and there's no certainty when it will be considered. Backers of the measure had hop- ed for action Friday but the Sen- ate Policy Committee, which de- cides the order of business, agreed yesterday to take up an immigra- tion bill first. Because the immigration legisla- tion also faces stiff opposition de- bate on it may be lengthy. And if some.other important bill up by the time the Senate com-_ pletes action-on the immigraticjff. bill, the St. Lawrence debate may be put off indefinitely. Congress plans to adjourn in. time for the major national polit- ical conventions starting in early July. Democratic leader McFarland of Arizona said the Senate policy group will consider setting another date for the St. Lawrence measure when the committee meets next" Tuesday.