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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - May 5, 1952, Winona, Minnesota Fair and Cooler Tonight And Tuesday WINONA, MINNESOTA, MONDAY EVENING, MAY 5, 1952 Flood Insurance CONSTRUCTION WORKERS ON STRIKE HERE Walkout Biy Four Unions Ties Up Major Projects Members of four building trades unions launched a city-wide strike this morning tying up virtually all major construction projects and throwing several hundred men out When Lloyd C. Kenens, 27, of Indianapolis, Ind., dozed at the wheel, his truck left the highway at Kirkersville, Ohio, and struck a tree. Cab and tractor, carrying two tons of steel castings, tore apart. The cab continued forward and struck three parked cars, ripped off a lodge hall stairway and plowed into the Apostolic Church above. Total estimated damage was (AP Wirephoto to The Republican-Herald) _____________ Gasoline Squeeze Felt in Oil Strike DENVER grip of an oil workers strike squeezed commer- cial, private and military aviation today but mounted only slowly in effect for the rest of the gasoline-powered nation. The strike, called last Wednesday, closed some of the world's greatest oil refineries, including key units for production of aviation gasoline, and was felt in distribu- of work. The walkout was described as one of the largest in the history. city's TODAY U.S. Must Have Top Air Force ly JOSEPH and STEWART ALSOP WASHINGTON. At Eniwetok, in September, the United States will explode the worlds first hydrogen the Soviet Union gets ahead of us. Contrary to prelimin- ary reports, the new Eniwetok bomb will be a1 true prototype of the terrible super bomb of almost limitless power. If successful, the September test will prove that super bombs can in fact be con- structed. It is far from certain, however, that the Soviet Union will not get ahead of us. Before his arrest Klaus Fuchs had transmitted to Russia all current information on the hydrogen bomb problem. The American effort to build a hydrogen bomb was kept in low gear until the outbreak of the Korean War. An all out Soviet effort presumably lion facilities. The result was an order yester- day by Secretary of Interior Oscar Chapman limiting the use of gaso- line by airlines and private fliers. His at a. m., fuel for airlines 30 per cent. Pleasure and sports flights by private fliers are cut entirely. Both carriers and non-carrier aircraft will be prohibited for 28 days beginning tomorrow from taking delivery of more than 65 per cent of the gasoline they used in March of this year. The order also applies to foreign airlines flying from the United States. And it forbids export of aviation gaso- line without permission of .the Petroleum Administration for De- fense, PAD. Air Force Cuts Flighti Some airlines immediately planned to trim or consolidate schedules. Others waited to de- Directly involved are an estim- ated 230 members of Carpenters Local Building and Construc- tion Laborers Local 1316, Painters Local 540 and Sheetmetal Workers Local 86. All are affiliated with the American Federation of Labor. The strike decision follows ex- piration of ten-day strike notices Friday and failure of the unions and employers to reach agree- ments at extended conciliation meetings in recent weeks. The last of the meetings at the County Courthouse Friday ended "without appreciable progress." A union spokesman termed the strike "au- tomatic." Ready to Talk Describing the situation this morning, the spokesman said, "The union members have no contract, so they are out. If the contractors want to talk business we are ready to talk at any time." He refused to permit use of his name. Decision to call the strike came, it was reported reliably, at union meetings Friday night and Satur- day. Pickets today were patrolling all construction projects and head- quarters of all firms employing members of any of the four unions involved. The strike was being conducted today in an orderly way. Police said no disturbances had been re- ported. The unions have been dealing as one with the Winona Contracting Construction Employers Associa- tion, and the association is under- stood to have made identical of- fers of wage increases to each un- ion involved in the dispute. Raise Offered Throughout negotiations the em- ployers association offered a five- cent-per-hour raise. Unions are reported to have lowered their de- mands from as much as 26% cents per hour to 15 cents, and the con- tractors Friday night voted formal- ly to up their offer from five to Reported Favoring Some Farm Subsidies PARIS Dwight Eisen- hower was quoted today as favor- ing the continuation of some price subsidies for farmers if he is elect- ed U. S. President. George T. Mickelson, former governor of South Dakota who flew here Sunday to discuss farm prob- lems with Gen. Eisenhower said in an interview today: "Gen. Eisenhower feels that the production of food.and fiber_is the most important industry in the United States, and that'those en- gaged in that industry must be protected from disaster. "He feels that there must be a correlation between the producer and the consumer. Mickelson added that Eisenhower agreed that "such a correlation probably would entail government subsidies to underwrite prices of farm produce." Police Break Up Montreal Prison Riot MONTREAL (ffl brandishing police finally quelled some 570 rioting prisoners at Mon- treal's Bordeaux jail last night. The men, demanding better food and shouting for a new jail gov- ernor, marched and shouted about the jail yard for five hours, setting dozens of fires. At least three pri- soners and a injured but not seriously. Provincial and city police, hastily summoned to reinforce jail guards, put their firearms aside for nightsticks and let the rioters' frenzy subside be- fore they moved into the yard There was no gunfire. The' mob begaii returning to the main building more or less volun- tarily after they were told new food and fresh fruit was being brought them. Their demonstration had erupted in the mess hall over a supper of head cheese, corn anc potatoes. The Plan Inquiry jail governor, Dr. Zenon Russia Seen Needing More Time for War Top U.S. Military Men Believe Reds Will Wait By ELTON C. FAY AP Military Reporter WASHINGTON (Si A growing impression among top American military leaders that Russia won't launch a hot war soon appears sased partly on a belief the Soviet Union needs more time to put her armed forces and economy in readiness. This is in addition to more ob- vious reasons, including the im- proved condition of the mutual defense setup in Western Europe, and the bald fact that Communist Russia has been doing exceedingly well with just a "cold" war of subversion, pressure on weak na- tions, and promoting a "little" war in Korea. Over the weekend, Gen. Alfred M. Gruenther, chief of staff of the combined Western defense forces in Europe, pointed up what he and others had said before. In a radio interview he expressed belief the Russians would not attack this year or in the near future. Views of Bradley Gen. Omar Bradley, chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, has com- mented that among the reasons the Russians have had for not starting war is the superior atomic stock- pile of the United States, American airpower and the collective se- curity arrangements in Europe. But he added, "We don't know what the Soviet imperialists intend miltary This Is Al Johnson, 23-year-old self-confessed bank robber, with wife and baby shortly after Johnson confessed his part in the 1948 holdup of the Hoyt, Kan., State Bank. Johnson made the confession Sunday in the Topeka, Kan., Baptist Church "to make my life right with God." He has paid back part of his share in the loot. (AP Wirephoto to The Republican-Herald) Young Father Gives Self Up as Robber Lesage, said an inquiry into the riot would be made as soon as possible. After midnight he an nounced that all was quiet inside The riot damage was estimated unofficially at more than UUUa iui mm. Some inmates, whose cells hadjgaria, seems to be anywhere near been burned out, were taken to police headquarters to sleep in cells. So were four men awaiting trial on murder charges. All the other prisoners were short-termers, with sentences of to do." What are Russia's capabilities? Information gleaned from a wide variety of sources, some of it ap parently reliable and some merelj conclusion by official analysts, in elude these points: 1. Despite numerous "five year' and other plans, the Soviet Union's production of steel, the essence o military strength, still is at a tonnage only about one-fourth that of the United States. 2. Russia, with iron-fist control and with Soviet military leader- Johnson said if he is sent to the ship, has sought to prepare all her penitentiary, he will try to con- European Communist satellite na-1 vert the men there.. tions for war. But only one, Bui- His public confession ui the Sew- Avenue Baptist Church was punctuated by frequent cries of and "Bless you, broth- ten cents. It is reported today the I less than two years. disagreement involves a difference of five cents per hour between the union demands and the association offer. The sheetmetal workers were offered an additional 1V4 cents per hour under a federal formula approved for the other ments. SCneQUiei uuicia WUILCU vu uc- j termine if there might be develop-1 three unions following contract ne- 1 gotiations in 1951. Carpenters are receiving construction workers ?1.50, paint- ers S1.85 and sheetmetal workers The Air Force began cutting down training flights last week in an effort to conserve gasoline re- serves. The rest of the nation began look- ing to reserve supplies, although for the most part there was no great slackening of transportation, private or commercial, and no Most major contractors are members of the contractors' asso- ciation. Of the sheetmetal con- Continued on Page 3, Column 4.) STRIKE began much earlier. In short, the j widespread rationing as such, news of the Eniwetok test can have a two-edged meaning. Study Air Defenses Because of these grim facts, these reporters have recently made an intensive inquiry into the state of this country's air defenses. The results, which will occupy this space for some days, are curious, disturbing and in the same breath, as it were. On the one hand, we do not now have an effective air defense. And on the basis of present plans and appropriations, we are unlikely to have an effective defense in the forseeable future. On the other hand, improved air warning sys- tems and truly revolutionary new guided missiles have recently been developed. And these will make it possible to defend the United States in the we choose to pay the considerable price. In order to understand the state of our defenses today, two facts must be remembered. First, the so-called economies of former Sec- retary of Defense Louis A. Johnson caused even the most promising and vital defense projects to be laid on one side, until the outbreak of the'Korean War. Second, the temptation to accord a low priority to air defense was especially great, because a genuinely effective de- fense simply could not be built until the recent developments above-mentioned. The chief of air staff, Gen. Hoyt S. Vandenberg, has told the country (Continued on Page 11, Column 2.) ALSOPS Motoring was not curtailed, vol- untarily or otherwise, on the week end. At some points, service station attendants gave regular customers preference. Chicago planned to pull 300 gasoline-powered transit buses out of service today. The strike, called by 22 AFL, CIO and independent unions, shut down roughly a third of the na- tion's refineries and cut gasoline supplies by about the same amount. The national daily average .pro- duction of gasoline is rated at three million barrels. Reserves were estimated last week as suf- ficient for 45 days normal con- sumption. Texas oil production has been cut an estimated one-third, or one million barrels a day. Men Out Some unionists were out in support of wage demands for a general hike of 25 cents an hour and night and early-morning shift differentials of 6 and 12 cents hourly. The general rate of pay has been from to ?2.10 an hour. Differentials amounted to 4 and 6 cents an hour. California refineries, prime sup- pliers of fuel needed in Korea, were excepted from the general strike. However, an agreement by an independent California union last night was hailed as a possible pattern for other oil industry settlements. At Los Angeles, the Independent Union of Petroleum Workers an- nounced a new wage agreement with the Standard Oil Company of California, It covers ployei. More than 200 firemen were kept busy for two hours putting out widely scattered fires which the rioters touched off in cells, the machine shop, canteen, mess hall, kitchen, storeroom and near the chapel. Wreck Offices On their way from the mess hall to the prison yard, the mob broke into a section of the administra- tion offices and wrecked it. Late last night guards-said the prisoners were cleaning up some of the debris and there was no in- dication of any new outbreak. Full guards were maintained throughout the night because locks on some cells had been broken. an adequate condition. Transport Short 3. The Soviet Union's transport and communications system is woefully short of military require- ments. Railroads over which she must shift troops for defense or offense are too few, the rolling stock insufficient and, in most cases, worn and old. Hard-surfaced roads, capable of handling military traffic in all weather, are scarce. 4. The Soviet Army is supposed to have a strength of 175 divisions arrayed against only about 25 in existence among the Western Eu- ropean allies. But a Soviet division has an authorized strength of only and reports indicate many divisions have an actual strength of or less. A United States division has men in its organic structure, not including units which are attached for com- bat. Steel Talks Collapse Most Mills Plan To Resume Work WASHINGTON The Whit House negotiations started by Pres ident Truman over the weekend in another effort to end the steel dispute have collapsed. Amem olicies written by private com- janies. RFC commitments would be Jim- ted to hundred million o begin with but could be ed, with presidential approval, by urther amounts of five hundred million each on July 1, 1953, and July 1, 1954. Truman said the initial limitation contemplated that the prograia would be started on an experiment- al basis both with respect to ratei and areas covered. Break Even Program He said he believed the program should be set up on a basis de- signed "to permit the government to break even." "To do he added, "It wJl be necessary that rates be set high enough to cover all expenses, in- cluding a proper reserve for losses. Several months ago the President recommended spending four hun- dred million dollars to get such A program started, along with, loani and other flood help. In his message today, he said "this draft bill would authorize in- surance to be made available for homes, for businesses and farm, properties, and for agricultural commodities. It would also estab- lish a maximum amount of insur- ance for any one person or busi- ness of "While this would not cover some of the large losses in a flood, it would take care of the borne own- ers businessmen, and farmers who are least able to afford flood losses because their .total assets are small. As experience is gained. it may be desirable to change this maximum amount, Limited "Furthermore, the bill would limit the insurance payment on any given property to 90 per cent or less of the loss sustained. Such a limitation will preserve the incen- tive for the property-owner to do what he can to protect his prop- Saying the RFC should not com- pete with private business, Tru- man noted that the bill would pro- libit the issuance of federal pgl- cies in cases where private insur- ance is "available at reasonable rates." However, he commented: "At present, insurance against flood damage is virtually unobtain- able from private insurance com- panies, nor does it seem likely that ie private companies, by them- selves, will find it possible to write 1o o d insurance at reasonable ites." The bill would authorize federal agencies that make or guarantee loans to require borrowers to pur- chase flood insurance where it is available. In comment on this, the President said: "Thus the Reconstruction Fi- nance Corporation, for example, might require its borrowers to car- ry flood insurance, where appro- priate, just as it now requires them to carry fire insurance." Ike Leads Taft By 3 Delegates WASHINGTON With well over half of the Republican Na- tional convention delegates chosen. Gen. Dwight Eisenhower held a three-vote lead today over Sen. Robert Taft, with figures based on an Associated Press survey. The survey is built on statements by those elected delegates pledged to back a candidate or willing to express a preference. According to this survey, Eisen- hower now has 278 delegates; Taft 275. A total of 724 delegates to tie GOP convention has been chosen and the leanings of 141 of them are unknown. To win, a candidate must get 604 of the delegates to the convention. The 31 remaining delegates fav- or former Gov. Harold Stassen of Minnesota, Gov. Earl Warren of California and Gen. Douglas Arthur.
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