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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - May 1, 1952, Winona, Minnesota Generally Fair; Cooler Late Tonight and Friday River Stage 24-Heur (Flood 13) Today 13.75 .60 Year Ago 12.60 .35 VOIUMI: 52, NO. 64 FIVE CENTS PER COPY WINONA, MINNESOTA, THURSDAY EVENING, MAY 1, 1952 TWENTY-FOUR PAGES An American Owned car turned over and burning, is shown near the Dai Ichi building in Tokyo, Japan, today. Twenty thou- sand club-swinging May Day rioters, shouting anti-American slogans, battled Japanese police in front of the Imperial Palace. At least 100 persons were injured. Some were Americans. (AP Wirephoto to The Republican-Herald) Big May Day Show Russia Parades Military Might LONDON annual May Day parade of Soviet labor and military might poured through Moscow's Red Square today, watched once again by Generalissimo Stalin. Moscow radio gave a running description of the vast demonstra- tion annually one of Communist Russia's biggest, and said the 72- year-old Stalin ascended the steps of Lenin's mausoleum to "his place on the open-air reviewing platform just before the march began. His son, Lt. Gen. Vassily Stalin, once more led the Red'Air Force squadrons flying over the square. For Moscow it was a sunny day, j and "as Stalin ascended the steps, i he raised his hand and the sun I TODAY Ike Being Pressed to The Right Jy JOSEPH and STEWART ALSOP WASHINGTON As primary succeeds primary, the question of what Gen. Dwighf: D. Eisenhower is going to say when he gets home looms daily larger and larger. It is like the famous cloud that was no bigger than a man's hand on the horizon but washed out ..the priests of Baal when it got over- head. So far, we have been given two Intimations of the sort of line Gen. Eisenhower may take when he starts discussing domestic policy. On the one hand, replying to a letter from the Rev. Adam Clay- ton Powell asking for his stand on civil rights, the general has writ- ten that- his military duties have not allowed him time to reach a conclusion on this difficult issue. On the other hand, replying to a letter from his chief Texas sup- porter, Jack Porter, the general has written that "in principle" he favors a return of the federally owned tideland oil resources states. Letter Carefully Phrased The Eisenhower letter on the tidelaads oil problem was careful- ly phrased. It pointed out that he had previously expressed approval of state ownership of the tidelands "at semi-public Texas and elsewhere." It also pointed out the federal government's duty to prevent "unfair exploitation of na- tional resources." But these Eis- enhower generalities take on much greater meaning if read in con- junction with the recent Senate vote on the oil companies' bill which would require the federal government to give the tidelands to the states without further ado. The three most conspicuous Eis- enhower rooters in the Senate, Henry Cabot Lodge and Leverett Saltonstall, of Massachusetts, and James Duff, of Pennsylvania, were all absent from the floor when the roil call was read on this bill. Nonetheless, all three took the ills Denied Wage Freeze As U.S. Regains Control trouble to have themselves record- ed as favorable to the oil com- panies' states' rights side of the argument. Furthermore, this rep- resented a definite change of heart seemed to shine a radio I commentator said. I Around him the bells of the Kremlin rang in celebration. It was Stalin's first public appear- ance in just over a month. On March 29 he attended a meeting of the Supreme Soviet of the Rus- sian Federated Republic. The Soviet press and radio re- sounded with tributes to their Premier. All Soviet papers published Stal- in's picture on their front pages, along with those of Marshal Alex- ander M, Vasilevsky, the war min- ister, and Adm. Nikolai G. Kuz- netzov, the Navy minister. The latter's orders for the day called on members of the Soviet armed forces to heighten their vigi- lance and battle readiness during the coming months. Moscow radio also repeated fre- quently the 59 slogans proclaimed by the Communists as their themes for May "united and peace- able" Germany, a "peaceable Ja- pan" and friendship of the British, American and Russian people "in their struggle to prevent war and insure a stable peace throughout the world." McMahon Enters Democratic Race NEW YORK Brien Mc- Mahon of Connecticut today an- nounced his candidacy for the Dem- ocratic presidential nomination. McMahon told a press conference he intended to undertake no wide- spread personal campaign. Plane Wreckage Spotted in Brazil MIAMI, Fla of a missing Pan American World Air- ways luxury stratocruiser was sighted near Carolina, Brazil, to- day and reports said there was no sign of any survivors. The plane disappeared April 29 with 50 persons aboard, 19 of them Americans. PAA officials in Miami said mes- sages indicated the aircraft had U.S. Bans Travel in Red Areas WASHINGTON State Department today banned all travel to Iron Curtain coun- tries by American citizens on- less they have specific per- mission. The department said that be- cause of the "risks of travel" in Soviet bloc countries all new passports will be stamp- ed: "This passport is not valid for travel to Albania, Bulgaria, China, Czechoslovakia, Hun- gary, Poland, Roumania or Union of Soviet Socialist Repub- lics unless specifically endors- ed under authority of the De- partment of State as being val- id for such travel." Officials said permission will be granted to travel in all these countries, except Com- munist China, Czechoslovakia and Hungary for "legitimate reasons." Max Conrad Bucks Winds In Record Try CLEVELAND WV-The Civil Aeronautics Administration re- ported today songwriter Max Conrad had radioed from near Cincinnati that he would try to reach Washington; D. C., in his transcontinental flight. Conrad, attempting an offi- cial non-stop transcontinental speed record for light planes, had named La Guardia field in New York City as his original destination. The CAA communications station here reported Conrad was over Cincinnati at a.m. (CST) and at that time radioed he could not make La Guardia field, but would change his course to Washing- ton and try to land there. His flight manager, Bill Strohmeier, said" Conrad re- ported by radio to the Civil Aeronautics authority at La Guardia field that he was 40 miles south of St. Louis at a. m. (CST.) Strohmeier said that Conrad had averaged a little over 100 miles per hour. Conrad took off from Los Angeles International airport in a Piper Pacer at p. m. (CST) yesterday for the mile flight to La Guardia. He expected to arrive here about 11 a.m. but Strohmeier esti- mated he would not land be- fore 1 p. m. (CST.) by at least one of the three Sen ators. The practical reason for this cur- ious phenomenon was the Texas delegation. The faction of Sen. Robert A. Taft had been passing j the word in Texas that Gen. Eis-' (Continued on Page 18, Column 3.) ALSOPS D WEATHER FEDERAL FORECAST Winona and fair tonight and Friday. Cooler late tonight and Friday. Low to- night 52, high Friday 80. UOCAL WEATHER Official observations for the 24 hours ending at 12 m. today: Maximum, 92; minimum, 58; noon, 83; precipitation, none; sun sets tonight at sun rises to- morrow at Additional weather on page 21. split in two and burned. The stratocruiser apparently was heading there when it went tlown. a 500 Rochester Carpenters Strike ROCHESTER, Minn. hundred Rochester carpenters went on strike shortly after 7 a.m. today tieing up virtually all con- struction- work in the community, including several Mayo Clinic proj- ects. Members of AFL Carpenters un- ion, Local 1382, decided at a meet- ing this morning not to cut their demands for a 24 cents an bour raise from the Rochester Contrac- tors Association and independent contractors. Pickets appeared immediately at most places' where construction work was in progress. First Gasoline Shortage Noted In Oil Strike Some Progress Reported in Wage Talks DENVER nation wide strike of nearly unionized oil industry workmen went into its second day today with shortages of gasoline for motorists already reported in scattered areas. Some filling stations in the steel- producing area of Gary, Hammond and East Chicago, Ind., reported they were out of gasoline last night, less than 24 hours after the strike began. Other stations were expected to run out today. Similar shortages were cropping up in the Midwest. The Oil Workers International Union (CIO) in Denver, represent- ing refinery and pipeline workers and heading a coalition of 22 CIO, AFL and independent oil unions, said "the most promising" negotia- tions were going on in San Fran- cisco. Officials said the union in talks with Shell Oil- had trimmed its original demand for a 25-cents hourly wage boost to 22 cents and :a lot of other compromises are being kicked around." The average wage in the industry now ranges from to hourly. Cyrus S. Ching, chief of the Fed- eral Mediation Service, had pre- dicted a possible nation-wide pat- tern for settlement from an agree- ment he said was reached at Stand- ard Oil of Indiana's Sugar Creek, Mo., refinery. Between 250 and 300 members of the CIO union met last night and voiced protest of Ching's an- nouncement. They said the report- ed agreement was false and put them in the role strike breakers. The CIO union branded the an- nouncement by Ching "an absolute j untruth." Ching had said the agreement provided for a 15-cent hourly wage hike and the union's differential demands. Most of the struck facilities were closed down today. The closing came in orderly fashion, as re- quested by the unions. Air transport was expected to feel the pinch of high octane gaso- line shortage. Secretary of the In- terior Chapman predicted it would be the first transportation industry 'to be hit hard. The defense effort, railroading and private industry are not ex- pected to be affected seriously. Natural gas flow through pipe- lines is being maintained by super- visory personnel. Max Conrad, flying song writer from Minneapolis and was supposed to get a happy ssnd-off today at Los Angeles, Calif., from theiie two three-year-olds, Judy Driebus, left, and Jerry Graen, but they seem, more entranced with his Mickey Mouse mascot. Conrad was flying across the country today in an ef- fort to set a new official non-stop light plane record. He was hampered by strong hsad winds. (AP Wirephoto to The Repub- lican-Herald) Who's for You in '52 (One of a series of background articles on declared contenders for nomination to the Presidency.) W. AVERELL HARRIMAN Last week the fourth Democratic hat sailed into the 1952 presidential ring. The hat was a diplomatic homburg belonging to W. Averell Harriman who had watch- ed the results of Tuesday's New York state primary. Wednesday he declared that he was a candidate for nomination on tL- Democratic ticket. The fact that nearly all of the Empire state's Democratic delegation had pledged support to Harriman as a "favorite son" apparently was sufficient incentive for Harriman to launch his political shake- down cruise toward the White House. THE MAN W. Averell Harriman didn't have to en- ter the government to obtain power. He was born with it. His father, who was own- er of the Union Pacific railway, left Harriman and his brother, E. Ro- land, the bulk of a billion dollar fortune. Harriman, who is now 60, was educated at Gro- ton and Yale. He served a whirlwind apprentice- ship in his father's rail; road, starting out as a tracklayer and graduat- ing to a vice presidency :W- by the time he reached the age of 24. During the depression years, when passenger traffic was falling off, Harri- man inaugurated a railroad improvement program to provide more comfortable travel at attractive rates. He also is gen- erally given credit for the idea of "streamliners." The winter snows had always been a plague to the railroads .which crossed the western mountains. Harriman saw a chance to take advantage of the heavy mountain snows, and accordingly, he set up the Sun Valley winter sports resort which is owned by Union Pacific. It wasn't till the thirties that Harriman turned his attention to government serv- ice. The social upheaval caused by the depression gave him an opportunity for public service, and in 1934 he accepted a job in the NRA. Since then he has served the federal government almost continu- ously in many capacities, Prior to the entry of the United States in World War II, he served in the Office of Production Management until he was sent to England by President Roosevelt to handle lend-lease. Later Roosevelt made him ambassa- dor to Russia. From that post he direct- ed the lending of military supplies to the Russians during the war. In 1946 President Truman appointed him Secretary of Commerce. His stay on that job was short, however. About that time the Marshall Plan was being formu- lated, and when it was put into operation, Truman named Harriman a roving am- bassador to all the Marshall plan nations. He is now serving generally in that capacity, although his title now is Direc- tor of Mutual Security. His responsibili- ties now have been broadened to include the supervision of all United States for- eign aid, in Asia as well as Europe, and military aid as well as economic. Since he took over his job with the Marshall plan, Harriman has supervised the giving away of more wealth than has any rrian in the history of mankind. Harri- man, however, considers these grants to foreign nations not as gifts, but as pur- chases of security for the United States. During his federal service, Harriman participated with President Roosevelt and Prime Minister Churchill in the meet- ing at sea when the Atlantic Charter was drafted. He also was at the Big Three Conferences at Casablanca, Yalta and Potsdam. THE ISSUES In his declaration of candidacy last week, Harriman allied himself with the administrations of Roosevelt and Tru- man. "We must fight to preserve and con- tinue the progress toward a better Amer- ica and a peaceful -world that has been made under the Democratic administra- tions of Franklin Roosevelt and Harry he said. "Our domestic and foreign policies are inseparable. The welfare and prosperity of the American people are decisively af- fected by the success of our efforts for world peace. In turn, our foreign policies can succeed only if they are based on strong, progressive, liberal domestic poli- cies. "Recognizing the inter-dependence of domestic and foreign policy, the Demo- cratic party stands for an expanding economy, social progress for all of our citizens, and far-sighted, unfaltering world leadership. "I will fight for these principles with all the strength and vigor I have." While most of Harriman's foreign pol- icy experience has been with Europe and the Near East, it is clear that he was a supporter of the administration's Far Eastern policy at the time of the MacArth- ur dismissal. Shortly after MacArthur made his statement that we should arm the Chi- nese nationalists on Formosa, Truman sent Harriman to see MacArthur on a spe- cial mission. Though the report of what took place at the meeting has not been made public, it is a matter of record that MacArthur was dismissed shortly after Earriman's return. In short, if elected, Harriman would continue the foreign and domestic peli- c'-es of the present administration. HIS CHANCES Since President Truman decided not to run for re-election, it has become vir- tually impossible to predict with any ac- curacy who the Democratic nominee will be. At the moment Sen. Kefauver, who has entered most of the primary elections to date, probably has a psychological lead. Kefauver's candidacy, however, is handicapped by the fact that many Demo- cratic professionals think he is a political upstart. Sen. Richard Russell of Georgia is ex- pected to attend the Democratic conven- tion with the delegates from the South in his back pocket. While there is probably little chance that he can obtain the nomi- nation for himself, the votes at his com- mand will be a powerful force when swung toward one candidate or another. Harriman has endorsed Truman's do- mestic policy. Presumably that means he also backs Truman's civil rights pro- gram straight down the line. If that is so, it looks as though Kefauver, who has endorsed only part of the civil rights pro- gram, might have a better chance to win Russell's favor. We'll know the answer in July. May Day Rioters Battle Jap Police By JIM .BECKER TOKYO thousand club-swinging May Day rioters, shouting anti-American slogans, battled Japanese police today in front of the Imperial Palace. Crowds stormed through the streets waving Red banners and carrying pictures of Stalin and other Communist leaders.________ Three times they stormed steel-helmeted police. The police beat back the human waves of rock-throwing, club-wielding riot- ers with tear gas, clubs and guns fired into the ground. At least 100 persons were in- jured. Some were Americans. Order was restored after five hours. Twelve American-owned automo- biles were overturned and burned. Americans were shoved and hit by rocks. Two U.S. sailors were thrown into the palace moat. The wii3 of a Navy man was mauled. Two American photographers were roughed up. Associated Press photographer George Sweers was stoned three times. The brawling halted traffic for three hours in front of the palace and the Dai Icbi Building, for nearly seven years headquarters for an Allied occupation that ended three days ago. Demonstrators chanted incess- antly: "Go home, Yankees." About three million Japanese turned out throughout Japan for more than 400 scheduled rallies. Tokyo was the only one to report violence. Band Pictures Pictures of the 23 band, or- chestra and choral groups tak- ing part in the "Big Nine" Music Festival here Friday ap- pear on pages 8 and 9 of today's Republican-Herald. The orches- tras will play in the morning at the Winona Senior High School Auditorium and the bands in the afternoon and the choirs will be heard in Central Methodist Church throughout the day. A parade of bands at 5 p. in. in the business session will conclude the festival. All sessions are open to the public. Oil Flow Reported at North Dakota Well GLENDIVE, Mont, barrel-a-day flow from the She] Oil Co. new government well in the Williston Basin near here wa reported Wednesday. Still Idle Despite Legal Moves Case Now Goes To Supreme Court For Final Decision WASHINGTON Wl The U. S. Court of Appeals by a 5 to 4 vote refused today to bar the govern- ment from raising wages of steel workers while it holds the seized mills. The vote denying a plea from major steel companies that the court enjoin Secretary of Com- merce Sawyer from doing anything about wages and working condi- tions was the same as that by which the court last night returned the steel plants to government control. Only a few minutes before the court decision was announced, Sawyer had said in a statement he did not intend to take any "precipitate" action about wages. Situation Fluid The government manager of steel mills said the situation was so fluid that "the employes and I myself, and the operators too, are t the moment in a revolving door. We are neither coming in nor going jut." Sawyer also called in his state- ment for: 1. New negotiations by the in- dustry and the CIO union looking toward a bargained ;ettlement of their differences. 2. Action by Congress to give the government some clear legal Dasis for dealing with situations such as the steel strike jreated. He said: "We are now facing up to jituation which has long been im- pending where a' titantic struggle >etween giant industry and giant abor results in a paralysis in which our whole economic and so- cial life may be at stake. "It is -time for the Congress to meet that situation calmly, wisely and promptly." In the steel towns, the mills were closed up tight and union pickets were stationed about them. However, Sawyer said he did not eel the men were now on strike against the.government since their valkout came when U. S. District Judge David A. Pine ruled on Tuesday that the government sei- zure was illegal and the mills must je returned to their owners. New Order Yesterday, the government got an order from the Court of Appeals vhich has the effect of holding up Bine's order pending an appeal to the Supreme Court. The steel companies went bacfe to this court today to plead for an amendment of the order so that he government could not boost wages while holding the mills. The Court of Appeals' action to- day leaves the government free to work out an agreement with the steelworkers. Sawyer, meeting with reporters, amplified on his statement by say- ing he would do nothing "within the next day or two" in the way of putting a wage increase into effect in the government-seized in- dustry. "I will make my decision when the situation settles Saw- yer added. The steel firms were concerned that at some point the government might seek to lure the 650.000 strikers back to their jobs by offer- ing the pay raise which their presi- dent Philip Murray, had tried un- successfully to pry out of the steel Eirms. But a pay increase was not con-. sidered likely right away. Murray withheld comment, but government attorneys, in getting the U. S. Court of Appeals here last night to restore President Tru- man's seizure temporarily said they may have to seek a back-to- work court injunction against Mur- ray's union. U. S. Responsibility ;'It's the responsibility of the gov- ernment to get the men back to work under federal control." Act- ing Atty. Gen. Philip B. Perlman told the Appeals Court. "And we'll exercise that control." Workers picketing the idle steel mills said they'd stay on strike until the- confused situation clari- fied. The seizure actually was wiped out for something less than nine hours. Although Federal District Judge David A. Pine ruled Tues- day that Truman's April 8 seizure order unconstitutional.
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