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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - April 30, 1952, Winona, Minnesota Fair, Continued Warm Tonight And Thursday River Stage 24.Hour (Flood 13) Today 14.35 .45 Year Ago 12.95 .43 VOLUME 52, NO. 63 FIVE CENTS PER COPY WINONA, MINNESOTA, WEDNESDAY EVENING, APRIL 30, 1952 TWENTY-FOUR PACES Mills Ordered Returned to Owners; Strike Follows Illegal Seizure Ruling Russia Ignores Protests Over Plane Attack Soviet Sends Counter-Protest To United States Striking Steelworker pickets at the U. S. Steel Company Gary, 111., works turns autos away from entrance to the plant, background, after a picket line was thrown around the plant a short time after Judge David A. Pine's ruling that the gov- By JOHN M. HIGHTOWER WASHINGTON Hi-United States officials pondering reasons for yes- terday's Russian fighter-plane at- tack on a French air liner agree on one thing: It opened the 1952 season of spring jitters in Europe. Four of the 17 persons aboard the Berlin-bound liner were wound ed, one seriously. British, French and American high commission ers in Berlin immediately protest- ed the "unwarranted de- manding investigation and com pensation. The Russians ignored the pro- tests and sent a counter-protest instead. They charged the plane was not flying in the corridor per- mitted over the Soviet zone of Germany. When the French plane failed to follow a signal to land, the Russians said, the Soviet jets fired across its bow. Officials here were considering two possible and opposite ex- planations: 1, That the Soviet deliber- ately staged the attack as a terror to spread fear tension in Europe and thereby, perhaps, slow down the unification of Western Eur- ope. 2. That the whole thing was unplanned, perhaps the result of over-iealousness on the part of trigger-happy fighter pilots sent up to check on the air liner. Whichever explanation is more nearly correct, officials here agree that the shooting has opened the annual season of spring jitters in Europe. According to authoritative infor- mation, the Soviet military com- mand with about 30 divisions east of the Iron Curtain is now ar- ranging for spring maneuvers. The Soviets have used these in past to emphasize and drama- tize the relative isolation of Ber- lin, frequently issuing warnings of fighter flights and anti-aircraft firing in the vicinity of the neutral approach lane. Plan May Day Trouble Another bit -of intelligence which fits into tho picture is that the. Soviets are planning particularly ers Earl Ward and Jack Hyatt and active May day celebrations to- another mutineer were removed in ernment seizure was illegal Tuesday. Thousands of CIO Steelworkers began laying off jobs after union president Phill Murray said they had no alternative but to cease work. (AP Wirephoto to The Republican-Herald) Missing (Pan-American Stratoship Sought in Wild Brazilian Jungle By JIMMIE S. PAYNE RIO DE JANEIRO, Brazil planes combed vast, unex- plored Brazilian jungles and desert-like plateaus today for a luxurious Pan American stratocruiser which vanished en route to New York with 50 persons aboard. Nineteen of crew of 9 and 10 Americans. One searcher droned through the Riot Leaders Segregated in Michigan Prison JACKSON, Mich. lead- morrow to stir up trouble and ex- citement in Western Germany and Berlin. The Soviets, according to State Department experts on their past behavior, frequently use two seem- ingly contradictory tactics or poli- cies at about the same time to complement each other as well as to exert a change of eriphasis when desirable. For several months now their main policy and propaganda line has been that of the "peace offensive." With respect to Germany they have sent a scries of notes to the Western powers proposing Ger- man unification and a peace trea- ty. So far this has not produced any startling results. American and Western European political leaders generally agree that the major Soviet purpose at preseni is to prevent the formation of the European defense force and secret from the troubled state prison of Southern Michigan today as a "precautionary Warden Julian Frisbie said the- three were removed shortly after midnight and taken to three sep- arate and unidentified county jails in Southern Michigan. Frisbie said Ward and Hyatt had been trying to incite inmates of disciplinary Cell Block No. 15 to i help in a new riot. Block No. 15 was the center of the previous trouble. night over the wilderness between Rio de Janeiro and Belem hoping to spot a light or a fire if anyone survived in the thinly populated where the plane was believed down. Many more searchers, after giv- ing up the nunt at dark, leturned to the air at dawn. The search was spurred by hope that the plane may have been able to crash land somewhere on the barren plateau in mid-Brazil. The double-decked Boeing strato- cruiser, a peacetime- development from the B-29 Superfortress, was the first plane of its kind to be reported missing. The powerful the Clipper Good Hope had flown from Buenos Aires, Argentina, to Rio de Janeiro on the first leg of its "El Presidente" flight to the United States. It took off shortly after dark Monday night for Port of Spain, Trinidad, its only other scheduled halt before reaching New York. It was due at Port of Spain yes- The third convict was identified terday morning and carried enough as James W. Hudson, 44-year-old ifuel to stay m air four lifer sentenced for murder' in 1932 I Its scheduled flying time and said by authorities to have a to Trinidad. "bad prison record." Ward and Hyatt were leaders during the violent revolt causing one convict's death and damage. Ward conducted most of establishment of a "peace con- tract" between the Western pow- i .ne ers and Western Germany. The state-s conccsslons to the prisoners' i the negotiations that led to the peace contract will give Western Germany control of its own affairs, substituting indefinitely for the peace treaty which the East-West split has rendered impossible so far. Russians Ground Planes in Germany BERLIN UV_ The Russians 11 demanded changes in prison routine. Kenosha Man Killed KENOSHA tft Stephan Karlov, 36, Gridley, HI., was killed instantly last night when his car skidded in loose gravel, rolled over several times and struck an embankment grounded nearly all their fighter an4.a teIePhone pole. planes in the eastern zone of Ger- The accident occurred on County Trunk C near Wilmot, in south- many obvious result of _ the shooting attack by two County. jets on an Air France airliner. i Soviet officers told the four-pow- er air safety center that training flights were conducted this morn- ing only in one area of Saxony. No flights were posted for the major jet bases at Elstal. Schoen- feld and Dallgow nor for half a dozen smaller fields. Flying activity was limited WEATHER FEDERAL FORECAST Winona and and continued warm tonight -and Thurs- day. Low tonight 54, high Thurs- day 86. j LOCAL WEATHER ervations for the 24 at 12 m. today: Maximum, 96: minimum, 57 The last word from it was a radioed flight report heard at Bar- reiras in Brazil's Bahia town nearly 900 miles north of Rio. The routine report said all was well. Its remaining route lay over bar- ren plateaus and thick jungles to Belem at the mouth of the Amazon, then along the Northern Atlantic Coast of South America to Trini- dad. Pan American World Airways officials said planes from the U.S. Navy and Air Force, the Brazilian Air Force and civilian airlines were engaged in the emergency search over the entire route. Spain Attempts To Sow Peace in Arabian States MADRID, Spain (.fi Spain's goodwill mission to sound out the Arab states on a possible Mediter- ranean peace returned last night after a 25-day tour. The mission headed by Foreign cisely the spot where the two So- j viet fighters pumped cannon shells i and machine gun bullets into theinoon nose; sun h French .plane yesterday, wounding isets tonight at sun rises to-' two German passengers and nick-j morrow al ing two French crewmen. Additional weather on Page 2L ficially brought home only cultural accords with Egypt and Syria, but hints in the controlled Spanish press left sion's lengthy rulers and officials in each Arab mis- conferenees with capital were aimed at bigger game. SixNIGsShot Down in Battles Over N. Korea SEOUL, Korea Na tions warplanes today shot down six Communist MIG-15 jet fighter and damaged four in May Day ev battles over North Korea, the U.! Fifth Air Force announced. U.S. Sabre jet pilots knocks down the half dozen MIGs an damaged three in a fight just south of the Yalu River border betwee Manchuria and Korea. A U.S. Marine Corps plane dam aged a MIG in another encounter. U.N. warplanes swarmed ove North Korea on bombing mission in clearing skies. Allied infantry men braced themselves on the 155 mile ground front. Red infantrymen jabbed into Al lied lines on the Eastern and East Central Fronts in Wednesday's pre dawn darkness. They were driven back after a flurry of hand-gren ade skirmishes. An Eighth Army officer said the actions were 'a little more brisl than usual." American warships and nava planes pounded North Korea's Eas "toast Tuesday. British carrier 3ased planes and other Allied nava units attacked West Coast targets. B-26 light bomber pilots reportec Communist trucks destroyed on North Korean highways Tuesday light. Okinawa-based B-29 Super brts dropped high explosives on a main rail line bridge and two air- xirts at Sariwon. One Superfort attacked Commu- nist front lines with air-bursting bombs. U.S. Fifth Air Force headquar- ters said United Nations fighter- bombers have changed their rail- blasting technique to counter the quick-patch efforts of an estimated Communist railway labor- ers. A spokesman, acknowledging a switch in track-cutting methods, said the Allied planes will continue round-the-clock blasts at Commu- nist rail and road communications. "The enemy works he told The Associated Press. "The fighter- bombers work harder." Last week, fighter-bombers cut Red rail lines in 714 places. But expert Communist track- patchers can repair damage done by a 500-pound bomb within three hours. "Other damaged spots are more extensive and require more the air spokesman said. "And some require a full night's work for res- toration." Tot Killed by Car EAU CLAIRE WV-Five-year-old Jeffrey Aasen was struck and killed by a car yesterday as he ran across the street to his home here. He was the son of Mr. and Mrs, Daniel Aasen. Ike Makes Clean Sweep in Massachusetts Captures 26 Delegates, Popular Votes By R ELM AN MORIN BOSTON Gen. Dwight D. The work stoppage, third in steel since the end of World War II, b gan in Gary and South Chicag Eisenhower wrapped up his biggest j within an hour after a feder campaign victory today, destroying) judge nullified government seizur Workers Quit Steel Mills PITTSBURGH CIO United Steelworkers clamped coast-to-coast steel strike on the nation with breath-taking speec today. The great American steel industry headed for a quick and complete shutdown within hours. The haste with which unionists answered USW Presiden Philip Murray's cease-work order caused scattered damage to costly steel-making equipment. But generally, the walkout was peaceful and orderly. all Republican opposition with nearly popular votes in the ing an unsought second place among the Democrats. He also won 26 convention dele- gates in 13 out of 14 district elections, and his backers were running close in the o'ther one. This near sweep put Eisenhower virtually even with Sen. Robert A. of the steel industry. Like a chain of sputtering fin crackers stretched across the lan< pickets popped up at plant gate everywhere. Pittsburgh, Clevelam Buffalo and Baltimore were amon the first to report workers walkin out. No Contract, No Work Most of the scarfers, rollers heaters and other steel mill worl ers waited until their local unio Taft in national tabulations of offites received Murray's cease their convention strength work Qrder B t m of ft The Associated Press delegate d d b and kked u score-sheet compiled before the iunch boxes as S00n as the Massachusetts delegate re s u l.t s heard of toe court dedsion- were known, showed Taft leading "lisenhower, 265 to 237. Popular Vote With precincts tabulated out of the popular vote total showed: Republicans: Gen. Gov. Warren of Harold E. Democrats Sen. Kefauver of Tennessee President Gov. Dever of Gov. Stevenson of Sen. Russell of Georgia-496 All votes were write-ins on the preferential ballot yesterday. Eisenhower's total popular vote in the Republican election alone was greater than the combined votes cast for all other names, Republican and Democratic. He had more than 68 per cent of the total GOP count to Taft's 29 per cent. In a number of Massachusetts cities and towns, Eisenhower topped both ballots beating Sen. Estes Kefauver, the Democratic winner in state-wide totals. Breaks Record Complete Boston Republican re- turns gave Eisenhower 15 242 votes to Taft's Boston Democrats voted for Kefauver and for Eisenhower. The total vote for both parties broke a Massachusetts primary Like John L. Lewis' coal miners some chanted, "No contract, n work." The USW's contract with practi cally all major steel producers ex pired Jan. 1. Union-industry nego tiations produced no new pact. Fee eral mediators failed to break th deadlock on the union's demand fo an ISVi-cent hourly wage boost, un ion shop and other objectives. The WSB recommended a 17 cent hourly pay hike and a union shop, plus other benefits, USW ac cepted. industry balked. Presiden Truman averted a strike April by seizing the steel industry. The companies successfully fought the action by getting a federal cour injunction. An hour later they weri strike-bound. Wheeling Steel Corp. was one o the few companies which reported damage to plant facilities as a re suit of the hasty leave-taking o: workers. Some Damage Wheeling Steel issued a state- ment which said: Extent of the damage to coke ovens, furnaces and other equip ment at the Steubenville, 0., plant could not be ascertained." At Gary, Ind., a union spokes- man indicated no effort was being made to safeguard the expensive iron and steel-making furnaces which must be cooled slowly over a period of 24 to 48 hours to pre- vent damage. Steel production sagged sharpiy. The industry has been producing at record that had stood since 1932. peak capacity, making about two It may have been the result of a million tons of turn-out of thousands of independ- a week. Much of it was being used ent voters, swelling the Republican j for defense and essential civilian :otal beyond any previous mark.- 'purposes. Federal Judge David A. Fine holds a law book as he poses in his Washington, D. C., chambers after signing a formal order today directing the return, of seized steel mills to their owners. The judge turned down a government plea to delay the effectiveness of the order. (AP Wirephoto to The Republican-Herald) Pipeline Workers Strike Progress Reported In Wage Talks DENVER ffl-More than unionized refinery and pipeline vorkers were on strike across the ation today as negotiations with the oil industry continued. The unions demanded a 25-cent our'y wage increase and higher ight differential pay. Government officials reported ley had no preseni intention of intervening. Negotiations rere reported in some locales progressing on a .Mrs. Nellie (Mi) Kiefer of La Crosse, Wis., is embraced by two of her "adopted George Fujikawa, left, and Sam Tanimoto, both Nisei veterans of World War U, upon her arrival by Pan American Clipper in Honolulu April 28. "Ma" Kiefer, who be- friended Japanese-American soldiers stationed at Camp McCoy, Sparta, Wis., daring last war, was invited to Hawaii to be the guest of American-Japanese association veterans. (AP Wirepboto to The Bepublican-Herald) ote of optimism, especially in San Francisco, where about un- on-affiliated industry workers rere represented in of them on strike. The Oil Workers International 'nion (CIO) in Denver had re- uested members in Cali- ornia to remain on the job so as ot to hinder operations for the orean War effort. Motorists are expected to be hit ardest by a prolonged strike, ong lines of 'cars were reported t filling stations in Detroit and her cities last night before the trike deadline of a.m., local me. Some shortages of natural gas re anticipated through the idling pipeline crews. The Panhandle Eastern Pipeline ompany, supplier of natural gas jto more than 400 communities in eight states, will cut down on its supply. A spokesman said supervisory employes would man compressor stations to keep the supply going to Texas, Oklahoma, Kansas, Mis? souri, Illinois, Indiana, Ohio and Michigan. Taft Leading In Delaware DOVER, Del. Ufl A GOP Na- tional Convention delegation from Delaware listing seven backers of Sen. Robert A. Taft, four for Gen. Dwight D. Eisenhower and one un- committed goes before the Repub- lican State Convention today. The slate, three delegates from each of Delaware's four conven- tion districts, is subject to final approval in district caucuses and oy the state convention itself. All 12 of the delegates finally elected may go to the national convention without binding instructions. Quick Hearing Before Supreme Court Likely N PA Orders Steel Conserved As Defense Move BULLETIN WASHINGTON HP) Govern- merit attorneys said today they will take to the Supreme Court within six days an appeal from U. S. District Judge Da- vid A. Pine's ruling that the steel seizure was illegal. By ED CREACH WASHINGTON eral Judge David A. Pine formally ordered the gov- ernment today to give the nation's steel mills back to their owners as a wildfire strike closed the billion dol- lar industry down tight. Government lawyers im- mediately moved to appeal Pine's action and seek a higher court reversal of the judge's ruling that President Tru- man's April 8 seizure of the steel head off a walkout- was illegal. Across the nation, virtually an the members of the CIO United Steelworkers Of America were leaving their jobs in quickest shutdown of the vital in- dustry, Pine's formal order restraining the government from "continuing the seizure and possession" of the steel plants came less than 24 hours after he (1) Ruled the Pres- dent's seizure action unconstitu- tional and (2) Denied what he call- ed Truman's claim of "unlimited and unrestrained power." Asst. Atty.-Gen. Homes Bald- ridge, representing the government as today's order was issued, told the judge bis action would cause 'incalculable" damage. Delay Refused Baldridge asked Pine, a Demo- ratic appointee of the late Frank- in D. Roosevelt, to postpone effective date of his give-back-the- mills order. Pine refused to do so. With Pine's ruling, the final step t the level of his court was serv- ce of the order on Secretary of Commerce Sawyer, custodian of le mills for the government. Immediately, Baldridge filed no- re the order would bs appeal- d. Presumably this will be done n the U. S. Court of Appeals and len taken to the Supreme Court as quickly as possible if the Ap- peals Court allows the ruling to stand. t The steel companies undoubtedly will appeal themselves if the high- er court ruling goes against them.. Pine's injunction was a tempor- ary one, to remain in effect "pending a final hearing and de- termination of the case." At the White House, Presidential Secretary Joseph Short said Tru- man was keeping in "very close touch with the situation" but de- clined to say what possible moves were under consideration. 'Is there a speech or message to Congress in preparation by the a reporter asked. May Invoke T-H Act "I can't talk about this matter at Short said. Asked whether there might something during the day from the White House, Short said he could not answer that question. Short also was asked whether Truman had been in touch with CIO President Philip Murray since Judge Pine's decision. Short said he hadn't heard of any communi- cation between Truman and Mur- ray. He was asked specifically wheth- er the President might invoice the Taft-Hartley Act, but declined to discuss this. Top stabilization officials told newsmen they did not know what the government would do next in an effort to maintain steel produc- tion. Roger L. Putnam, economic sta- bilization director, hinted there might be a White House confer- ence on the situation later in the day. But he and Price Stabilizer El- lis Arnall both said they bad not been in touch with President Tru- man on the matter. Nathan Feinsinger, chairman of the Wage Stabilization Board, told reporters, "All I know is what I read in papers."
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