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   Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - April 23, 1952, Winona, Minnesota                              Generally Fair Tonight and Thursday River Stage 24-Hour (Flood Stage 13) Today 17.48 .27 Year Ago 15.75 .45 WINONA, MINNESOTA, WEDNESDAY EVENING, APRIL 23, 1952 Gordon, 9, (left) and his brother Gerald, 6, sons of Mrs. Evelyn Paro, Duluth cancer victim, are going to have foster parents. Mrs. Paro has been given only a few weeks to live. She is trying to place the boys in a good home before she dies. (AP Wirephoto to The Republican-Herald) WHAT 1 LEARNED IN WASHINGTON Washington Can Hog-tie Anyone note: This is the fifth and last installment of Newbold Moms' story of his experience in Washington as special assistant attorney seneral) By NEWBQLD As Told to Murray Davis NEW March 20, the day after I took my questionnaire over to the Department of Justice, I got a telephone call. It revealed just how Washington can hamstring and hog-tie anyone. The procedure is simple. Your boss simply tells you that you can't put any more people on your payroll without a delaying check. Then your boss makes himself un- TODAY Red Peace fensive Dangerous Jy JOSEPH and STEWART ALSOP WASHINGTON -Secretary of State ,Pean G. Achesofe has just told an astonishingly uninterest- ed country about one of the major choices in American postwar dip- lomacy. To be sure, he did not indicate this was what he was do- ing. But this was what he did, none the less, when he dismissed the whole so-called Soviet "peace offensive" as mere malicious trou- ble-making, in his speech before the American Society 'of News- paper Editors. Beyond much doubt, the fact that this great American choice centered around Germany was the major influence in final deci- sion. Almost since taking office, Secretary Acheson has labored to integrate Western Germany into the European community, first with the economic instrument of the Schuman plan; and second with the strategic instrument of the European army. A German contribution to Western defense has been one of Acheson's primary objectives since the outbreak of the Korean war. And in theory at least, Acheson's months and years of painful and toilsome negotia- tions are now about to bear fruit, in the form of agreement on all these projects and on West Ger- many's substantive independence. End So Near Precisely because the end of Acheson's efforts seemed so pear, the Kremlin tried to nip the fruit in the bud, by suggesting that Eastern Germany and Western Germany might after all be reunit- ed The price, the Kremlin said, was simply abandonment of all the arrangements already es pecially including the West Ger man contribution to Western de- fense. But if this price was paid, the Kremlin added, Germany might be unified by true free elections, and might also have her national army if she so desired. This alleged bargain served, so to speak, as the Soviet peace of- fensive's spearhead. From the first, there were plain signs that this Kremlin bargain was probably as phony as most of the others. The Communist Quisling in East Germany, Otto Grotewohl, was the mouthpiece of the first offer of German unity and free elections. So great was the fear of reper- cussions in the Soviet-German province that no one shared in the project except Grotewohl himself and Gen. Chuikov, Soviet occupation commander, who gave Grotewohl his orders. When Grotewohl an- nounced the offer, consternation at the thought of free elections spread among the German Communists. And the Kremlin then passed the reassuring word that the elections would really only be "free" in the Russian sense. Oppose Delay Such background facts obviously diminished the attractiveness of the Kremlin bargain, when it was offered to Britain, ftance and this country in a formal diplomatic note. Meanwhile, Secretary Ache- son, French Foreign Minister Schuman and German Chancellor (Continued on Column 5.) ALSOPS available for a discussion of his order. For two days after I was hog-tied I made repeated calls to the office of my boss, Attorney General J. Howard McGrath. Mr. McGrath always was in conference, just had stepped out, had gone to lunch or was unavailable for some reason. By afternoon of the second day, I put in a call to Charles Murphy, secretary to the President, who was at Key West with Mr. Truman. I said, "will you tell the President that I no longer can put people on my payroll without a security check, which 'takes any- where from six weeks to two months. I guess we'll all have to go home and come back Labor Day." I explained that I had been un- able to reach the attorney general. Murphy called back and said the President would see that the routine would be restored. He said the President would try to set things up so that I could try again to get subpoena power.. That was fine. The President's back on the beam again, I thought. After waiting five or six days, without hearing anything about the questionnaires, I called the Depart- ment of Justice. I asked if they had been sent out. I was told they had not; that they were waiting McGrath's signa- ture. So I started the ring-around-the Justice Department again, trying to get a conference with McGrath. Again I was the forgotten special attorney general. Finally on Tuesday, March 25, I got word that Howard would see me. The questionnaires I had given him for his signature had not yet gone out. Over the luncheon table I found that McGrath was irked because the first questionnaires put him in a bad light. At least that's what he thought. I said, "you and I talked that over when we came out of the White House. The reporters asked where I was going to start. "You broke in and said you would welcome investigation. "I looked over at you and smiled and said we might as well start with the Justice Department." He remembered the incident. I explained to him that I thought (Continued on Page 4, Column 4.) MORRIS B-36's Carry Jets FORT WORTH, Texas Fort Worth Star-Telegram said today B-36 bombers now can carry jet fighter planes inside their A- bomb bellies, launch them in the and recapture them in flight. "Officials in the Pentagon ad- mitted the hitherto top-secret pro- ject to the Star-Telegram by tele- the account said. The newspaper said the history- making project was tested last Friday, same day the YB-60, all- jet bomber, was making its maiden flight WEATHER FEDERAL FORECAST Winona and Vicinity Generally fair tonight and Thursday with no important temperature change.Low tonight 46 and high Thursday 60. LOCAL WEATHER Official observations for the 24 hours ending at 12 m. today: Maximum, 60; minimum. 47; noon, 54; precipitation, trace; sun sets tonight at 7 p.m.; sun rises tomorrow at 6 a.m. Additional weather on page 14. Truman Refuses To Yield in Steel Seizure Senate Drive to Force Cancellation Of Order Fails WASHINGTON UP) President Truman, under heavy Senate fire ,and facing a House move to im- j peach him, stuck to his guns today in the fight with Congress over his seizure of the steel plants. A powerful Senate drive to force him to cancel the seizure order fell just short of the two-thirds majority vote it required yester- day. But its Republican backers led by Sen. Knowland of California redoubled their cries of "dictator" and cast about for other devices. Actually 47 senators, 11 of them Democrats, voted for the move, and only 29 voted against it. Not a Republican voted A switch of four votes would have provided the two-thirds margin needed to suspend Senate rules and permit action on Knowland's pro- posal to forbid the use'of any fed- eral funds in the seizure. New Quiz Ordered The Senate Banking Committee ordered a new investigation into government handling of the steel dispute, which many of its mem- bers have denounced vigorously. But the group quit talking about reprisals that might demolish.the whole wide structure of wage and price controls, although it called a month's delay in the writing of a bill to continue them past the June 30 expiration date. Highly placed committee mem- bers, including vigorous critics of the program, told a reporter they now expect the controls will be continued without much change, but probably only until next March instead of the two-year extension the President had requested. Plans Pay Boost Meanwhile, Truman's boss of the seized steel plants, Secretary of Commerce Sawyer, was reported about to take his first official move to hand the "CIO steelworkers a big part of a disputed pay boost. Employers refased to grant the raise without government permis- sion to increase steel prices a ton. The Senate Labor Committee, whose past actions have had a strong pro-administration flavor, called Philip Murray, CIO Presi- dent and head of the steelworkers union, to air the workers' side of the story at a public hearing today. The White House planned to re- lease during the day findings of the Mobilization Advisory Commit- tee, composed of representatives of industry, labor, agriculture and the public. Sources which declined to be named told reporters this group, after a 25-minute meeting with Tru- man, voted yesterday that (1) the Wage Stabilization Board acted within fixed policy in recommend- ing a 17% cents an hour increase for the steelworkers; (2) the in- dustry now should publicly justify its demands for any price increase in excess of S3 a ton; and (3) condemned critics who accused the WSB's public members of having shown bias. Truck Overturns, 31 Pigs Drown ST. PAUL pigs drowned when a stock truck overturned on a flooded St. Paul street today. Art Nieman, 48, Frazee, Minn., escaped uninjured when his truck ran into an eight- foot hole and overturned on Warner road. His double- decker trailer was loaded with 85 pigs he was taking to the Cudahy packing plant in New- port. Some of the pigs that escap- ed from the truck had to be rescued a second time when they became frightened and dashed back into the water, Men Look Into Heart Of A-Blast By HOWARD W. BLAKESLEE AP Editor ATOM BOMB SITE, Nev. For the first time men have lived, unhurt, who stood under and looked up into the flaming, hollow heart of the cloud that rushes upward from an A-bomb. This happened to soldiers and officers close to the giant explo- sion yesterday at Yucca Flat. It also happened to five congres- men who went into trenches with the troops. They are W. S. Cole Olen Teague Melvin Price Chet Holi- field (D-Calif) and Carl Hinshaw What they saw and learned is the first chapter in a new atomic chart for survival: Ribbed With Color This bomb was greater than any- thing in Japan or Bikini, and just over or under the most powerful we have fired in the United States. That particular bomb's identity is secret. The fire cloud followed the fire- ball, and swelled to miles in diam- eter, with red flames and yellow gases swirling in whirls bigger than Niagara Falls. The cloud drifted over the heads of some officers. "We looked right up said one. "It was hollow, but you could not see daylight through the hole, irwas like an umbrella and whirl- ing crosswise like a smoke ring. The inner dome was ribbed with dark and light colors, the dark ones probably nitrogen dioxide." With Heads Bowed The than anyone has approached except in Japan- knelt in trenches, two to several in each. They faced the bomb, with heads bowed just below the top of the dirt. They joked, and they jumped up and laughed after the terrific flash of light and heat had passed. But their trenches felt hot for those three seconds. Then they learned the first les- your mouth shut. Nearly all were standing still in trenches, looking up, mouths open when the blast drove a wave of dust into their faces. Every man would have been a burn casualty except for the shad- ow of the trenches. A tank was placed almost at the edge of "ground directly under the bomb. The hatch was left open to see what would have happened to men inside. They would have been killed by 'heat. Michigan Riot rison ontinues Ellsworth Roberts (left) and Jerome Par- menter (right) two of the hold-out prisoners still in possession of a cell block at Michigan State prison, were beaten by other rebels and tossed out of the block for dead. Their rioting mates bad accused them of trying to toss a letter out a win- dow exposing the ringleaders to guards laying siege to the cell block. Ten Miies Away and feet in the air from this vantage point near Yucca Flat, Nev., the "most powerful" atomic weapon yet devised by science spreads its characteristic mushroom cloud in Tuesday's detonation near Las Vegas. On the ground below the tremendous blast, dost boils in the terrifying blast of the explo- sion. In the foreground observers watch the spectacle. Ike Wins Race In Pennsylvania By By JACK BELL PHILADELPHIA Wl Gen. Dwight D. Eisenhower's whopping popularity poll victory in the Penn- sylvania primary prompted de- mands by his backers today for a lion's share of the state's 70 GOP presidential nominating votes. But backers of Sen. Robert A. Taft of Ohio, the general's chief opponent for the Republican nom- ination, called the results "mean- ingless" so far as the division of convention votes is concerned Eisenhower, completing his du- ties as NATO military commander before returning to the United States, banged out what may be on the final count a victory over Taft in the popularity race. Former Gov. Harold E. Stas- sen of Minnesota, on the ballot with Eisenhower, trailed in third place in the'primary election yes- terday. It was a one-sided contest from the start since Taft kept his name off the ballot and urged his backers not to write it in. He said the re- sults wouldn't affect the delegate lineup! Ike Slate for 6 However, in head-on contests for eight delegate places from the Pittsburgh area, a slate of Eisen- hower candidates led for six of eight places and the Taft slate was ahead for only two. Of 52 other delegates elected by districts yesterday and 10 chosen at large previously, Associated Press polls showed that 17 lean toward Eisenhower, 16 are favor- able to Taft, 19 are uncommitted and 10 races are not yet settled In the Democratic balloting, Sen. Estes Kefauver, the Tennessee coonskin-cap campaigner contin- ued his practice of walking off with popularity contests. But his preference primary vic- tory over President Truman, who says he isn't running again, gave Kefauver no guarantees on any of the delegates on the 70-vote group which will go to Chicago publicly uncommitted. Many had signed pledges they will support the pop- ular choice, but the pledges are not binding. Eisenhower's sweep was impres- sive in the Republican popularity contest despite Taft's avowed ef- forts not to become involved as a candidate. Returns from of the State's precincts showed: Eisenhower........ Taft Stassen Write-in Votes In the Democratic contest, where there was no name on the ballot and all votes were write-ins, Ke- fauver got votes and Tru- man from of the precincts. Eisenhower was third on write- ins, with votes. He was ahead of such Democratic candi- dates as Sen. Robert S. Kerr of Oklahoma, 85, Richard Russell of Georgia, 872, and W. Averell Har- riman of New York, 874. He topped Gov. Adlai Stevenson of Illinois, who said he "could not accept" a nomination but drew votes, and Vice President Alben Barkley, 361, who has been silent on his plans. Taft got Democratic write- ins and Mrs. Eleanor Roosevelt the latter almost entirely as a result of a sticker campaign in one Philadelphia ward. Levees Raised At K ansas City KANSAS CITY workers built their levees' higher at Kansas City today, spurred by the Missouri River's fresh destruction upstream and a continued pattern of rain. They said the extra height wouldn't be needed, but they want- ed to have in case Both the nation's' longest rivers spread destruction m record floods for miles along their length. The mighty Mississippi flung its weight at towns along the Iowa border. Crests were expected there today a little higher than, last year's records. And along the wild Missouri, the flood brought almost hourly crises. So far, the Red Cross estimated, families or about per- j sons have been forced to flee their homes in the two major floods. Extra Protection The extra protection being built on top of levees at Kansas City is the same kind of wooden "flash- boarding" used to save Omaha, Neb., and Council Bluffs, la., last There was nothing in sight, how- ever, to indicate another disaster like the one that hit Kansas City, Kan., and Kansas City, Mo., last July, causing huge industrial dis- trict losses. But with the treacherous Mis- souri you never know. Army Engineers boosted their es- timates of damage to from Rulo in Southeastern Nebras- ka to the mouth above St. Louis. That included of agricul- tural damage. Crest at St. Joseph More than acres are ex- pected to be flooded in that stretch. The Missouri's slowly moving flood crest today was around St. Joseph with a top of 27.2 feet ex- pected, equaling the 1881 record. Actually, Col. E. E. Browning said the river is carrying more water now than it did in that record flood. Dike Fund Drive Nets N. Mankato Over NORTH MANKATO, Minn. house-to-house canvass of this com- munity Tuesday night produced cash and pledges of to pay for additions to-the dikes that protect the community from the Minnesota and Blue Earth Rivers. Mayor H. C. Wollam said some solicitors did not turn in their funds Tuesday night and he ex- pects the total sum to grow. It includes about pledged by banks and utility companies. After a disastrous flood in 1951, the residents floated a bond issue to build a dike system around the city. When it became evident this spring that the new dike would not be equal to rising flood wa- ters, the community spent an addi- tional to lift the dikes. To save the interest on a new bond issue, the residents decided to raise the funds in a single drive. Mayor Wollam said his commu- nity "has solved its own prob- lems without asking for outside help. I am proud to say that we did not sit back and wait for the federal government to do the job for us." U.S. Abuse of Taxing Powers Flayed by Ike WASHINGTON tW- Gen. Dwight D. Eisenhower was quoted today as saying the government's answer "to excessive control is more con- trol" that there has been fed- eral "abuse of the taxing power." Sen. Carlson of Kansas, who is supporting Eisenhower for the Re- publican presidential nomination, said the general recently made the statements in a letter to a friend. The senator did not name the friend in a speech prepared for delivery at a Rotary Club meeting here. Carlson said the statements he quoted are examples showing where Eisenhower stands on do- mestic issues. He added that the general has made his views known "equally clear on a great number of our fundamental and that opponents be hasn't are making "such false charges for only one reason: They see the nomination slipping away from them and they are desperate Carlson said Eisenhower wrote: "Extravagance in public spend- ing brings ever-increasing taxes- taxes which if long continued will strangle incentive, the very quality that built the nation. Meanwhile, the government debt rises The value of our money becomes the football of politics subjected to the political whim of the moment "T h e government penetrates more and more into our daily living; its answer to excessive con- trol is more control. In this whole process, the abuse of the taxing power has been one of the chief weapons the g o v e r n m e n t has used." A-Bomb Dust Baptizes Gl's ATOM BOMB SITE, Nev. Another bunch of atomic Gl's has passed through a nuclear baptism with jenewed confidence in then- ability to take it. More than men yesterday joined the exclusive society whose charter members were installed in the first atomic maneuvers last Nov. 1. Most of them shared the view of Master Sgt. Robert L. Johnson, 140th fighter bomber wing, Clovis Air Force Base, N.M. "With good foxholes and xenches, I think we can take any- or said Johnson, 38, of Denver. He and fellow Denverites now at Clovis field got a good spray of dust from the blast, but like other units came through uninjured. Cpl. Donald .R. Miller, 18, was the baby of the ex-Colorado air national guard outfit. Another 18-year-old, Sgt. Anthony Rampjno, Bronx, N. Y. said: "It wasn't as bad as I Warden Yields But 173 Demand Reassurances 600 State Police And Guards Keep Close Watch JACKSON, Mich. UP) convicts kept their mutiny going in riot-torn Southern Michigan Prison today in spite of the ward- en's acceptance of their major con- ditions for peace. A hard core of 173 die-hards in Cell Block 15, ruled in dictator fashion by their ringleaders, ap- peared in no hurry to call off the rebellion. No. 15 is the disciplinary cell block where the mutiny started on Sunday. The convicts said they were protesting against "brutality" and wanted prison reforms. Warden Julian N. Frisbie a bid for peace in a midnight par- ley with one of the ringleaders, Earl Ward, a dangerous psycho- pathic robber. They talked over tht prison phone system. Hostages Threatened Frisbie tried to conciliate him in an attempt to save the lives of 11 prison guards held as hostages. The convicts say they will put the hostages to death if police rush their stronghold. A force of 600 state police and guards are con- centrated at the prison. Rioting Monday caused two mil- lion dollars damage to the "big house." One convict was killed and at least nine were injured. State police had to fireiive volleys to get equipment into the prison yards to put out fires set by the convicts. Before the worst of the rioting was queUed, four state troopers were injured and three prison guards were- beaten. Sporadic outbreaks in varioui cell blocks heightened tension yes-, terday. Violence 'broke out among the mutineers themselves as they purged their own group of dissen- ters and "stool-pigeons." They re- portedly quarreled over whether to prolong the mutiny and what to do with the hostages. Six Inmates Released Six inmates were tossed out of Coll Block 15. Five of them were injured but one was shoved out unharmed as "too old for this sort oi thing." Two of the expelled in- mates had been beaten with chains. They were in serious condition in the prison hospital. Warden Frisbie promised the mutineers "there will be no mass punishment" if they call it quits and surrender the hostages In safety. Frisbie also told Ward, "I'm go- ing along with you on the major points" of the convicts' manifesto. But he reported the ringleader had "no particular reaction" to his peace bid. The mutineers' manifesto in- cluded: No reprisals against1 the leaders; a more liberal parole pol- icy; establishment of an inmate council to meet monthly with the prison administration; and end to the use of "inhuman restraint equipment" in the disciplinary block; better ventilation and light, and improved segregation of men- tal cases. Pair in Charge The mutineers appeared to be ruled with an iron hand by Ward and Jack (Crazy Jack) Hyatt, a notorious robber. Hyatt once used Gov. G. Mennen Williams as a shield in an attempted prison break. Yesterday, "Crazy. called for his into a rage and beat two men with chains before they were tossed out of the barricaded cell block. Ward boasted to Frisbie how he had everything organized In the cell block. He said" he ruled the downstairs section of the cell block while Hyatt ran the upper tieri. Old Civil War Vet Fades Away at 107 WEST LOS ANGELES, Calif. Douglas T. Story, who'ran away to enlist twice before his father finally let him join the Union Army and get into the Civil War, is dead at the age of 107. He was one of the six known survivors of the Grand Army of the Republic. Story, who said he joined Com- pany I of the 136th Illinois Infantry at the age of IB "to defend St. Louis from ol' Gen. Joe succumbed yesterday of pneumonic at the Sawtelle Veterans trstioo Hospital.   

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