Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - April 19, 1952, Winona, Minnesota Fair Tonight, Showers, Continued Warm Sunday VOLUME 52, NO. 54 FIVE CENTS PER COPY WINONA, MINNESOTA, SATURDAY EVENING, APRIL 19, 1952 River Stage 14-Hour (Flood 13) Today (neon) 17.85 .15 Year Ago 17.24 .16 SIXTEEN PAGES 17.9 Crest H ere WHAT I LEARNED IN WASHINGTON Investigator Made To Look Like Fool (Editor's note: On Feb. 1, Newbold Morris of New Yorfc City was sworn in as a special assistant U.S. Attorney General to clean up corruption in Washington. After two months in office, he was fired by Attorney General J. Howard McGrath. (Three hours later, President Truman fired Mr. McGrath. (In "What 1 Learned in Mr. Morris, in an ex- clusive interview, tells his revealing story of "vicious under- currents, double-talk, broken promises and leaderless government, which combine to protect officials from investigation." Mr. Morns' story will be presented in several installments, of which this is the second.) By NEWBOLD MORRIS As told to Murray Davis NEW government in Washington is in such a chaotic state that an honest investigator, no matter how capable, can be made to look like a fool. I learned this in a two month's experience as a special U. S. at- torney general assigned to clean up corruption in Washington. The method is simple. Cabinet members and high officials ig- nore Presidential directives if TODAY Defense Picture Confused ly JOSEPH and STEWART ALSOP WASHINGTON The following collection of facts, all of them of the most vital importance to every American'in the street, suggests the insane confusion of the cur- rent defense picture. ITEM: The Army has now test- ed and flown the first truly effec- tive ground-to-air guided missile. It is relatively short in range. But that and will. they don't agree with them. As a result, the government is not being run by the President of the United States but by a collec- tion of self-interested, determined men well schooled in politics. Move to Raise Steel Wages Intensifies Row Sawyer Serves Notice on Firms To Act by Tuesday By NORMAN WALKER WASHINGTON WU-The steel la- bor fight grew hotter today with the Truman administration threat- ening to raise worker wages in the seized industry early next week. The move also stirred a new up- roar in Congress. Secretary -of Commerce Sawyer late yesterday served an ultima- tum on the industry's private that unless they reach an agreement with CIO President Philip Murray by Mon- day or Tuesday, the government will step in and give steelworkers a pay boost. There seemed little chance the union and companies could get to- gether on a deal. In fact, Murray and President Benjamin Fairless This fact u. S. Steel Corp., left the cap- ital to spend the weekend in Pitts- it is supersonic. Its guidance sys- tem is sturdy and workable. It seeks and finds its target. In shortj it represents an enormous leap forward in an enormously dif- ficult art., ITEM: The successful test of the new interceptor missile has considerably influenced thinking about our air defense problems. Other influences have been the de- velopment of radar capable tracking low-flying attacking air- craft, and the formulation of plans for remote radar outposts to give very early warnings. A new de- sign has been drawn for a better air defense net, combining earliest radar warning and close co-ordina- tion of aircraft and guided missile interception of enemy bombers. Better Air Defense In consequence, the responsible authorities in the Air Force have J. Howard McGrath was the at- torney general and my boss, and when James Patrick MeGranery was named to succeed McGrath. I had plenty of hints that this was the truth, almost with my arrival in Washington. But the full truth burst into the open in the last days of Mc- Grath and the first day of Mc- Granery. In the first place, Attorney Gen- eral McGrath, repeatedly disre- garded the President's directives about my investigation. I can prove In the second place, after Mc- Grath fired me and the Presi- dent fired McGrath, Mr. Tru- man was asked: "Are you dis- satisfied with Mr. The President said he wouldn't answer that question. When asked if he would stand be- hind me, the President said he was going to leave my case up to the new attorney general. This was the President's decision, after he had given me complete support in my undertaking and granted every request J had made him. In the light of these facts, who is running this country anyway? There were other indications that the entrenched politicians are boss- ing things in government and that their will is felt, through hints or direct order, even in the lower importantly raised their estimates brackets. They were the men who 'set up all kinds of undercurrents because they feared an investiga- tion and were determined to pre- vent one. This was made clear in many ways. It was shown in the hesitancy of employes to work for my de- partment of government, which means there's something mighty wrong someplace. I learned of this reluctance of employes to be associated with me, early in the game. It was while I was setting up offices. I learned it from a very competent and out- (Continued on Page 13, Column 3.) MORRIS of the potential effectiveness of a modern air defense. Formerly, they held that the defender would do well to bring down three out of every ten enemy bombers. Now the forecast is that at least half of the enemy force can be destroy- ed before reaching its target. This is considered to approach the rate of loss which will effectively disrupt enemy air attacks, even with atomic weapons. ITEM: This improved modern air defense is as yet no more than a gleam in the planner's eyes, however. Several wings of all- weather interceptors are needed for an effective air defense of this country, but we have as yet only a pitifully small number. The joint Chiefs of Staff's coin-flipping system of allocating production priorities has placed this vital air- craft rather low on the list. Enormous outlays arc also need- ed to complete the radar screen with its costly Arctic outposts and picket boats at sea; to build ade- quate quantities of the new inter- ceptor missiles, and for other air defense purposes. The decision has not really been made, as yet, whether or not to buy the up-to- date and efficient air defense which we can now, in theory, achieve in this country. Reds Make Progress Too ITEM: The difficulties of air de- fense in the Soviet Union are con- siderably greater than they are here. Yet it has to be presumed that the Soviets, who captured an important group of German guid- ed missile experts, have made the same progress in this art as we have. If the Soviets also possess an efficient interceptor missile, this must reduce the value of our strategic air force as a deterrent to aggression. At the same time, intelligence estimates and informed scientific opinion agree that the Soviets are producing atomic weapons and building up their own strategic air force with unlooked-for speed. The experts have ceased to give then- former soothing forecasts about the "time of when the Kremlin will be able to deliver a crippling surprise 'attack in this country. They do not think the time has come yet, but they are (Continued on Page 13, Column 4.} ALSOPS burgh. Would Cut Funds Sawyer's announcement spurred a drive by wrathful Senate Repub- licans to forbid use of any federal funds for salaries of federal offi- cials to run the steel mills under seizure. Raising cries of "dictator" and claiming strong democratic sup- port, the GOP group, led by Sen. Knowland (R-Calif) and Sen. Fer- guson moved for a show- down Senate vote Monday on two proposals, both aimed at spiking the operation of the seizure order. Sen. Hoey (D-NC) challenged Sawyer's authority to impose a wage hike, telling the Senate: "I didn't think the government has the power to take money.be- longing to the stockholders' of any corporation and order it disbursed to the workers without consent of the authorized officers of the cor- poration." Sen. McFarland of Arizona, Sen- ate Democratic leader, declined to comment on the prospects of the Republican move or to talk about Sawyer's plans. There seemed no chance of head- ing off the administration move _to impose a wage boost over the in- dustry's head. Attorneys for the steel companies are prepared to make a new court attempt, in the event Sawyer acts, to challenge both legality of seizure and the government's right to raise wages. Size of Raise Unknown It was not known how much Sawyer may seek to give Mur- ray's union members. The Wage Stabilization Board has proposed a 26-cent wage increase "package" including a 17Vi-cent boost in straight pay. The industry has of- fered a total hike. It was considered important from several standpoints how much Sawyer gives the steelworkers. If the M WSB "package" in- cluding the union shop is given, steel industry lawyers feel their chances of winning a "court chal- lenge are good. If Sawyer held the government-imposed increase to what the industry has offered, the chances would be less. While Men at left pass up sandbags to others on a barge, an- other barge, right, carrying a big bulldozer and a load of large stones, moves into position to do its part in the all-night struggle to stem the flooding Missouri River water from a broken sewer. The sandbags and stones were pushed into the mouth of the sewer in an attempt to stop the leak. (AP Wirephoto to The Republican-Herald) North Continental Planes Grounded LOS ANGELES Con- tinental Airways, operating un- scheduled transcontinental flights, was grounded today by government order after a crash of one of its transports near here had taken 29 lives. The plane, a C-46 two-engine air- liner en route from New York to Los Angeles, crashed in the Puente Hills, 25 miles from its destination, early yesterday morning in a heavy fog. Seven hours later a rancher, checking on his cattle, came upon the wreckage. A few passengers bad been hurled from the plane, but most died strapped in their seats. The plane apparently exploded as it hit the side of the 100-foot hill: Short, glistening rivulets where aluminum had melted testified to the heat of the fire that consumed everything except the smashed tail section and one wheeL At a.m. Friday Los Angeles International Airport cleared Pilot Lewis R. Powell for a "straight in" instrument landing through a dense early-morning fog. The radio con- versation was interrupted by the i ground-controlled approach opera- jtor, who monitored but did not direct the landing. He told Powell his plane did not appear on the radar screen. The plane apparently had crashed at that instant. Attempts to contact it failed. A search was instituted but the wreckage was not located until after 10 a.m. Capt Sewell Griggers of the Los Angeles sheriffs Aero Squadron pointed to a furrow ripp.ed across the crest of a hill and said: "Evi- dently the pilot started his letdown too soon. A wingtip, probably the right one, scraped the top here, throwing the plane off balance." The plane caromed 500 yards, pancaked on the gentle opposite slope, and burst into flames. ..Civil Aeronautics Administrator Charles F. Home suspended the airline for 30 days. He had filed a complaint with the CAA March 21 asking for revocation of the com- pany's certificate. He said the em- ergency suspension is "predicated upon an operating history involving violations of civil air regulations and the Ctyfl Aeronautics Act, and by the accidents to aircraft opera- ted by the company." The suspension notice was sent to "Robin Airlines, Inc., doing busi- ness as North Continent Airline." Last year Home brought a com? plaint against Robin, asking revo- cation of the certificate. But the certificate expired, the firm went out of business and the complaint was withdrawn. CAA saM the com- pany resumed operations under the new name. Compromise on Wages Ends Key Phone Strike NEW YORK compromise wage increase early today ended the key strike of CIO in- stallers against the Western Elec- tric Company, and fostered hopes for a quick settlement in two re- maining telephone walkouts. The agreement between the in- stallers, members of the CIO Com- munications Workers of America, and Western' Electric was re- garded as the most important thus far in 12 days of strikes that have threatened to disrupt telephone service in 43 states and Washing- ton, D. C. It, was expected to set a pattern for settlement at a meeting later today, between representatives of Western Electric and CWA salesmen, distributors and ware- housemen. May Solve Strike And it also may provide the solu- tion to a strike by a union-esti- mated CWA members against the Bell system affiliate far North- ern California and Nevada. CWA President Joseph A. Beirne, in a statement in Washington, said after the installers' agreement: "We hope to wind up the other Western Electric negotiations in a hurry and reach an agreement in Northern California. That will end the strike." Both the remaining disputes in- volve wage increase battles simi- lar to the installers'. The three telephone strikes started simultaneously 12 days ago with other CWA walkouts against Bell subsidiaries in Ohio, Michigan and New Jersey. The latter three strikes were settled in separate mediation negotiations. Although the CWA was involved in all the disputes, it held two separate contracts with Western Electric and separate contracts with each of the Bell subsidiaries. Western Electric is the manufac- turing affiliate of the Bell tele- pnone system. One-Year Contract Meanwhile, a walkout of AFL Commercial Telegraphers Un- ion members against the Western Union Telegraph Company entered its 17th day. No immediate settle- ment was in sight in this wage fight. Both CWA and Western Electric officials appeared pleased at the compromise one year contract reach'ed for the installers. Terms of the contract were announced by a federal mediation spokesman. The new pact provides a basic average wage increase of 14.1 cents an hour and fringe benefits of 17 cents, making a 31.1-cent- an-bour package. Present wages averaged SI.64 to Mediators had been conducting marathon sessions all week. Prior to the start of the last through-the- night meeting yesterday, the union tad been asking for 23 cents an boor more plus unspecified fringe benefits. The company bad made offers ranging from 12 to 17 cents an honr. The new contract, which becomes effective Monday and does not pro- vide retroactivity, is subject to ratification by the onion member- ship. Certain portions of the wage and fringe increases most be ap- aroved by the Wage Stabilization Board. A. T. Jones, CWA vice president and top negotiator, said the instal- lers would start removing their picket lines early today. They had threatened service in all 43 states where Western Electric has River at Omaha Breaks Sewer By DON WHITEHEAD OMAHA runaway Missouri hurled a new menace at Omaha today while its muddy torrent smashed levees, engulfed farms, and spread destruction downstream for 200 miles. This biggest-in-history flood for the Missouri Valley ran almost uncontrolled into northeastern Kansas. It was driving families from their homes in growing numbers in Nebraska, Iowa, Missouri and Kan- sas. Damage and flood-fighting costs were mounting into uncount- ed millions. The new threat to Omaha devel- oped suddenly last night when pressure from -the raging river tide blew'out a sewer line leading into the lowland industrial area. It came after the flood crest had passed through the narrow Omaha- i Council Bluffs, la., channel. Main River Holds The greatest danger seemingly had passed when the river's 30.24- foot crest (11.24 feet above flood level) surged downstream yester- day. There was a wave of elation in the twin cities that this menace had failed to smash through the narrow channel levees. But then the river's still tre- mendous pressure burst through a 7-by-9-foot concrete sewer line four blocks behind the levee. Water ripped up street pavement for 120 feet. It spurted in geysers, and gushed through the streets across a wide area where there are ware- Convicts End 77-Hour Revolt TRENTON, N. J. Sixty-nine weak but surly convicts filed out of the print shop at the Trenton State Prison yesterday, ending a 77-hour revolt but a sympathy mu- tiny of 231 inmates continued at Rahway Prison Farm 40 miles away. The Trenton convicts had gained one objective of their an impartial investigation of the prison, F. Lovell Bixby, deputy com- missioner of institutions and agen- cies, said the department would request the Osborne Association, a foundation interested in prison problems, to make a survey at the prison. In a statement issued through Warden William H. Carty, Bixby houses, railroad switch yards, lum-1 said ihe association would' be re- her yards, and factories. The break was at llth streets. U. S. Army engineers rushed hundreds of workers into the fight. They toiled through the night to seal off the sewer line at its mouth. They lowered steel I-beams and sheet steel into the river at the mouth of the sewer. Barges dump-, ed rocks and sandbags ir. an ef- fort to seal off the sewer and halt the spurting water. The great danger was that the rising water behind the dike would weaken the earthen barrier or that the river would blow out the sewer line entirely and undermine the water-logged dike. Sweating, muddy workers labor- ed mightily to check the just as thousands of other workers downstream were fighting against the big muddy in its rampage. The flood sufferers had the sym- pathy of the nation and also the sympathy of a royal couple from a country which knows well what it means when dikes break. Queen Juliana and Prince Bern- hard of the Netherlands messaged Iowa's Gov. William S. Beardsley from, San Francisco: "We in the Netherlands know all too well by experience how grievous the suf-' fering of the victims can be." And the suffering, discomfort, and disorganization of normal liv- ing were grievous in this rich valley. And the suffering, discomfort, and disorganization of normal liv- ing were widespread in this rich valley. At Hamburg, la., half the town's residents were evacuating their homes after the Missouri chewed through the Plonr Creek levees about 15 miles northward and topped a secondary levee at Hamburg. Parts of the town were under water and 500 Army troops gave up the fight to build the protective dike. "They lost .the Mayor Louis Jensen said. At Craig, Kan., women and chil- dren were moved from the town. The menfolk, aided by National Guardsmen, stayed to bofld a tem- porary levee around the town of 800. quested to "advise officials as to the needs and requirements of the ancient institution." Buildings in the state prison used regularly were built in 1835. As the Trenton mutineers sur- rendered three prison employes they, held hostage were whisked away in the warden's automobile to their homes. They .were reported in good condition. The convicts were taken to the prison hospital, searched for weap- ons, given baths and locked in their cells. At Rahway, R. William LaGay, superintendent of the prison farm, said he believed the mutineers there "will be ready to negotiate surrender before The Rahway disorders started Thursday night in a dormitory wing, where the convicts holed themselves up with nine guards as hostages. "I think we can settle this matter just as we settled it in LaGay said. The Trenton convicts during their rebellion shouted for removal of Carty as prison warden and de- manded an investigation of the prison by an impartial body. Carty called in representatives of the Osborne Association to hear the convicts' side of the story and then successfully waited for the rebelling gang to get hungry enough to give up. In both revolts the mutineers smashed windows and destroyed furniture. WEATHER FEDERAL FORECAST Winona and vicinity: Generally fair tonight Sunday partly cloudy and continued warm. Local showers likely in afternoon and evening. Low tonight 47, high Sunday 75. LOCAL WEATHER Official observations for the 24 boors ending at 12 m. today: Maximum, 72; minimum, noon, 72; precipitation, none; sun sets tonight at sun rises to- morrow at Additional weather on page 13. State Assured Of For Flood Aid By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Minnesota today was assured of in federal flood relief funds following declaration of the Red River Valley as a disaster area last night. President Truman notified Gov. Anderson would be allo- cated for rehabilitation work in the northwestern Minnesota ter- ritory drained by the Red. Prin- cipal damage is expected to be in the Moorhead area. Earlier, the President had allo- cated for relief- work in the Mississippi-Minnesota River flood zone. The grant came as Winona resi- dents expressed hope they could keep the Mississippi crest, expect- ed today or tomorrow, from flood- ing that city. The river had climb- ed to the 17.78 foot mark last night, against a 13 foot flood stage there. At St. Paul, the Mississippi was dropping only slightly from the stage it reached of some seven feet above flood level. The Minne- sota River, joining the Mississippi just north of St.- Paul, also con- tinued to drop. At Fargo, N. D.-Moorhead, Minn., the Red River was down eight inches last night to a 33.97 foot mark against a flood stage of 17 feet. James T. Nicholson, executive vice president of the National Red Cross who visited that area yes- terday said it. would be impossible to assess damage until the water recedes. The local chapter there I said 840 families were made home- I less by the flood. Government to Lift Rubber Controls Monday WASHINGTON W> govern- ment today announced the remov- al of almost all controls on the use of natural and synthetic rub- ber, effective April 21. But the door was left open for a quick clampdown should the na- tion's rubber stockpile fall danger- ously low or prices skyrocket again. Provision also was made to guarantee that government-built synthetic rubber are kept operating at a peak so they can shift rapidly into emergency pro- duction if necessary. The National Production Author- ity in announcing the end of the 10-year-old restriction on how much rubber may be used in each product, said this removes the last World War II allocation control. The government's action "will provide relatively free competition between natural and synthetic rub- said Henry H. Fowler, NPA administrator, in a statement. "The natural rubber supply in the United he said, "Now enables us to lift all the restric- tions on the consumption of natural rubber with the exception of pale and sole crepe, which remain in short supply." All Dikes Hold, Seeping Water Biggest Problem River Falling At Red Wing; Small Rise Here By FRED LEIGHTON Republican-Herald Stiff Writer The flooding Mississippi River edged almost imper- ceptibly higher Friday night and hovered this noon at 17.85 feet while river offi- cials predicted an absolute crest Sunday noon of 17.90 feet in the greatest Winona flood in history. And for the eighth day since the river roared out of its banks April 11 Winona residents were able to stand in triumph behind firm river dikes. Seeping waters aggravated the city's already-multiple flood prob- lems, but the word today is Winona has the emergency pumping capa- city and the engineering "know- how" to keep seeping waters to the lowest possible minimum. The crest of the river hit Red Wing Friday noon at 16.85 feet 2 feet 1 inches above flood stage started dropping during the night. At Red Wing it had fallen off more than an inch No to Ease Up Here's City Engineer W. 0. Cribbs' summary of the flood situation at noon today: "I'm not going to be optimistic until the river recedes below last year's crest. The situation is encouraging, but we still aren't sure what to expect. This is cer- tainly no time to let down on alertness. These next four or five days wiR be critical. They will tell the story." this noon. Observers felt the crest may hit Winona earlier than was predicted by A. D. Sanial, La Crosse to- night. Small Rise The river rose at Winona by the smallest margin it has risen since flooding waters first became a menace. Its upward trend was only 1V4 inches in 24 hours, and the rise from 7 a. m. to noon today was. only three-fifths of an inch. As a crew of 125 men remained actively at work patrolling and in spots reinforcing the city's feet of dikes, the task of meeting the city's seepage prob- lems was met in direct fashion by city engineering personnel. Lake Winona rose only nine- tenths of an inch during the last 24 City Engineer W. 0. Cribbs indicated the situation there is "not good." Level of the lake. today is 8.44 feet. At this time last year it was 7.63 feet. If the present trend continues, Cribbs pointed out, the lake will rise to 9.83 feet before settling back bringing serious seepage problems to homes all along the city's south side. Pumping Plant Pushed The city engineer continued push- ing plans today to start pumping water out of Lake Winona in an effort to keep the lake from rising further. Pumping capacity of be- tween and gallons per minute will be required, he said, and this morning sufficient pumps had not yet been located. Cribbs said the lake is receiving an ad- ditional gallons of seepage water during every 24-hour period. Rainfall would increase this figure tremendously, he said. Meanwhile, the city already has seepage pumps operating at strate- gic points with a capacity of gallons sufficient pumping pow- ;r to pump Lake Winona dry in 30 days if the pumps were avail- ible there. Besides four pumps operating it Jie city's storm sewer gate struc- ture at the foot of Olmstead Street a total capacity of gal- ons, a fifth pump with a gallon capacity is in operation in manhole near the station. Just to lie east in the seepage-filled yards of the Archer-Daniels-Midland Company the city bag installed one 6-incb and one 4-Inch pump to pull seepage out of a large seepage pool here and directly into the river. But Cribbs said today the ADM pumps are working Vso well we [Continued en Page 14, Column 1.) FLOOD Flood Editions The Republican-Herald has printed a limited number of additional copies of the paper containing the story of Wlno- "greatest flood." These papers may be pur- chased at The Republican- Herald office, already wrapped for mailing.