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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - April 11, 1952, Winona, Minnesota Cloudy, Warmer Tonight, Saturday With Showers Stage 24-Hour (Flood Stage 13) Today (noon) 13.57 Year Ago 9.15 .80 VOLUME 52, NO. 47 FIVE CENTS PER COPY WINONA, MINNESOTA, FRIDAY EVENING, APRIL 11, 1952 SIXTEEN PAGES Ike Gets NATO Release June 1 Personal Letter To President Not Made Public WASHINGTON The White House announced today the release of Gen. Eisenhower as Supreme Commander of Allied Powers in Europe effective June 1. It made public an exchange of letters which disclosed that Eisen- Dwight D. Eisenhower Plane With 69 Crashes In San Juan Lovett on April that the specific purposes for which I was recalled to duty have been largely accomplished That same day, Eisenhower noti- fied the chairman of the standing group of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization to the sa'me effect. 'Lovett, in a letter dated April 10, wrote Eisenhower he was taking appropriate action "to secure your release from assignment as Su- preme Commander, Allied Powers, Europe, effective June 1, and to have you placed on inactive status upon your return to the United In his letter, Eisenhower made no reference to the fact that he has agreed to accept the Republi- can nomination for President if it should be tendered him. The letter simply said: "I request that you initiate ap- NEW YORK Airways plane Pan-American with 69 persons aboard crashed into the San Juan, Puerto Rico, harbor today and sank. Pan-American said the plane, tourist flight 526A, carried 58 adult passengers, six infants and a crew of five. The' line said it "ditched Steel Dispute Wage Talks Get Nowhere Administration May Make Own Deal With CIO By NORMAN WALKER WASHINGTON Floundering negotiations for a settlement of the ________ steel labor dispute led to reports hower wrote Secretary of Defense today that the administration may Lovett on April 2 that "I consider go ahead and make its own wage deal with CIO President Philip Murray. Any such'move is certain to pro- voke another quick court attack from the steel At the moment the industry is under government operation, there is no steel strike, the steel com- panies are managing their own plants and finances under nominal federal rule, and the vital defense metal is flowing. The steel industry already has lost two attempts for fast court review of the legality of President Truman's seizure orders and attor- neys are rushing new moves. No Progress Wage talks between the industry and Murray under supervision of acting Defense Mobilizer John R. Steelman appeared to be getting propriate action to secure my re- j nowhere. A prominent union offi- lease from assignment as Supreme j eja] sajj privately: "We're still on Commander, Allied Powers Europe, dead center." This was taken to by approximately June 1st, and that I be placed on inactive status upon my return to the United States. A relief date fixed .this far in advance should provide ample time for the appointment of a suc- cessor and for any preparation and counsel that he may desire and i me-" from sank" five miles northwest of the entrance to the harbor at a.m. There was no immediate infor- mation as to survivors. The line said a Coast Guard PBY amphibian rescue plane was on the water at the scene of the sink- ing, three other planes were hover- ing'over the scene and Coast Guard boats were on their way. The plane was in command of Capt. John C. Burns, the husband of Jane Froman, radio and movie star. The U. S. Coast Guard at Miami from its San Juan station there were 23 survivors. that TODAY H-Bomb Test Seen In Autumn Jy JOSEPH and STEWART ALSOP WASHINGTON The world's first hydrogen bomb will be tested by the United States within the next few months. According to present plans the place of the test will be Eniwctok, in the Pacific and the time will probably be next September. This new installment from Pan- dora's Box of science is not (one must thank God) the terrible weap- on, one thousand times more pow- erful than the destroyer of Hiro- shima, which scientists envisioned at the beginning of the experiment- al process. It is a species of com- promise, in which :he two heavy isotopes of hydrogen, tritium and deuterium, will increase the force conventional nuclear explo- of a sion. Powerful According to informed forecasts, the new bomb will have an ex- Presidential Secretary Joseph Short said Eisenhower wrote Presi- dent Truman a personal letter, in- forming him he was taking this step through channels that is through Lovett and that the President replied with a letter to Eisenhower, written in long hand. Both letters were personal and very cordial and will not be made public, Short said. Short would not indicate when a successor to Gen. Eisenhower will be named by the President or iden- tify the successor the President has in mind. He simply said the announcement will not be made today. Asked whether Eisenhower will return to this country before June, Short said he did not know when the general will return. Minnesota River Rising From New Ulm to Mankato By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS The Minnesota River, which al- ready has driven several hundred families from their homes and forced closing of a large flour mill, continued to rise all the way from New Ulm to Mankato today. Evacuation of several families from a large Mississippi river is- land opposite Red Wing, Minn., was begun this morning as the stream, fed by heavy Minnesota and St. Croix River runoff began rising. About 50 homes are located on the island. Water was over the island road in several places.'The road served as a link between two bridges extending from Red Wing to Hager City. Wis. Residents were forced from the island last year when floodwaters engulfed most After remaining stationary all day yesterday, the river rose two inches overnight to a 25.95-foot lev- el. At the Eagle Roller Mill, pump- plosive power of between 200 and j ing crews believed they had the 300 kilotons. In other words, it will situation under control, however, be from ten to fifteen times more powerful than the original Hiro- and river observers believed the crest had been reached. shima bomb, but only about two Water in the basement forced the to two-and-one-hnlf times more j mill to close yesterday, but pump- powerful thnn the most advanced ers said they were gaining about nuclear weapon previously tested, an inch an hour and hoped to at Eniwetok last year. If these forecasts are correct, the new bomb will be capable of devastat- ing an area of approximately 50 square means one hit to a" great against eight square miles for the Hiroshima meant five to eight hits. have the mill ready to reopen next week, unless there is a further break-through. Highway crews bolstered high- ways 14 and 15 with 132 loads of rock and coarse gravel. Water was within a foot of the floors of the two bridges across the river. At Chaska the water rose nine If there is any consolation at all j inches over night, forcing more in these macabre statistics, it lies in the fact that they are not much more stupendous. In truth, the on- coming explosion of this new hy- families to flee. About 100 families now have had to move to higher ground. A rise of another two feet has been forecast, probably less i'm-1 the crest past last year's rec portant news, for the long run, jord, "gh. mean, there had been no progress since industry-union talks collapsed before Tuesday night's seizure. A great deal depended upon how each side felt about the seizure's legality. The industry, feeling the government's taking over of its plants and mills was illegal, could wait it out until a court test. The government, depending upon how solid it felt legally, could wait or deal with Murray. Murray stuck steadfastly to the Wage Stabilization Board's suggest- ed settlement terms of 17V4 cents an hour increases in pay, plus the union shop and other concessions. Some steel companies reportedly were willing to grant some form of union shop, or compulsory union membership arrangement, but one or two firms balked at this. Back to- Normal Convinced by verbal and written assurances from Murray and com- pany executives that steel produc- tion was fast getting back to nor- mal, after partial shutdowns in the face of a strike threat, Secretary of Commerce Sawyer directed that a ban on steel deliveries be lifted. It wasn't as simple as it sounded for the government, to grant Mur- ray's demands. Industry lawyers thought that previous Supreme Court rulings gave the steel companies the right to sue for millions of dollars worth of damages, equal to the cost of wage increases during seizure. This is the reason the government care- fully named the industry's regular executives as government mana- gers under seizure. Thus, it seemed the government's course was to give every chance of a mutual contract agreement between industry and union before embarking on the drastic step of government dealing directly with the union. Six Kentucky Delegates Go To Sen. Taft LOUISVILLE, Ky. A. Taft won six GOP national con- vention delegate votes in Kentucky yesterday, and his forces predict- ed he would grab off eight more today. Kentucky Republicans will send 20 delegates to their national con- vention in Chicago July 7. Sixteen of the delegates are being chosen in district conventions and four will be named in the state con- vention here Saturday. The six delegates already pledged to support the Ohio senator for Re- publican nomination for President as long as he has a chance' were chosen in the fourth congressional district convention at Bardstown, the fifth at Newport, and the sixth in Lexington. Republicans meet today in the first district Princeton, the sec- ond at Owensboro, seventh at Paintsville and eighth at London. Party members in the metropoli- tan third district (Louisville) will than the growing scientific opinion that the explosion of the true hy- drogen super-bomb will never take staSe today was- 23-56' 0 C place at all. Theory Sound Mankato still was awaiting the crest, predicted for Saturday? The feet expected tomorrow. Some 50 Man- j kato families have left their which would j meet tomorrow, but their leaders already have agreed to give one delegate to Taft and one to Gen. No doubt the power of the hy- but a being built up drogen bomb that has-now ,feet-.stiU built can be rather considerably i wmch was built can be rather considerably ,t- increased in later models. But, ac-' 5ear. cording to reliable information, it lacks the most important charac- teristics of the originally envision- ed
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