Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - April 11, 1952, Winona, Minnesota Cloudy, Warmer Tonight, Saturday With Showers Stage 24-Hour (Flood Stage 13) Today (noon) 13.57 Year Ago 9.15 .80 VOLUME 52, NO. 47 FIVE CENTS PER COPY WINONA, MINNESOTA, FRIDAY EVENING, APRIL 11, 1952 SIXTEEN PAGES Ike Gets NATO Release June 1 Personal Letter To President Not Made Public WASHINGTON The White House announced today the release of Gen. Eisenhower as Supreme Commander of Allied Powers in Europe effective June 1. It made public an exchange of letters which disclosed that Eisen- Dwight D. Eisenhower Plane With 69 Crashes In San Juan Lovett on April that the specific purposes for which I was recalled to duty have been largely accomplished That same day, Eisenhower noti- fied the chairman of the standing group of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization to the sa'me effect. 'Lovett, in a letter dated April 10, wrote Eisenhower he was taking appropriate action "to secure your release from assignment as Su- preme Commander, Allied Powers, Europe, effective June 1, and to have you placed on inactive status upon your return to the United In his letter, Eisenhower made no reference to the fact that he has agreed to accept the Republi- can nomination for President if it should be tendered him. The letter simply said: "I request that you initiate ap- NEW YORK Airways plane Pan-American with 69 persons aboard crashed into the San Juan, Puerto Rico, harbor today and sank. Pan-American said the plane, tourist flight 526A, carried 58 adult passengers, six infants and a crew of five. The' line said it "ditched Steel Dispute Wage Talks Get Nowhere Administration May Make Own Deal With CIO By NORMAN WALKER WASHINGTON Floundering negotiations for a settlement of the ________ steel labor dispute led to reports hower wrote Secretary of Defense today that the administration may Lovett on April 2 that "I consider go ahead and make its own wage deal with CIO President Philip Murray. Any such'move is certain to pro- voke another quick court attack from the steel At the moment the industry is under government operation, there is no steel strike, the steel com- panies are managing their own plants and finances under nominal federal rule, and the vital defense metal is flowing. The steel industry already has lost two attempts for fast court review of the legality of President Truman's seizure orders and attor- neys are rushing new moves. No Progress Wage talks between the industry and Murray under supervision of acting Defense Mobilizer John R. Steelman appeared to be getting propriate action to secure my re- j nowhere. A prominent union offi- lease from assignment as Supreme j eja] sajj privately: "We're still on Commander, Allied Powers Europe, dead center." This was taken to by approximately June 1st, and that I be placed on inactive status upon my return to the United States. A relief date fixed .this far in advance should provide ample time for the appointment of a suc- cessor and for any preparation and counsel that he may desire and i me-" from sank" five miles northwest of the entrance to the harbor at a.m. There was no immediate infor- mation as to survivors. The line said a Coast Guard PBY amphibian rescue plane was on the water at the scene of the sink- ing, three other planes were hover- ing'over the scene and Coast Guard boats were on their way. The plane was in command of Capt. John C. Burns, the husband of Jane Froman, radio and movie star. The U. S. Coast Guard at Miami from its San Juan station there were 23 survivors. that TODAY H-Bomb Test Seen In Autumn Jy JOSEPH and STEWART ALSOP WASHINGTON The world's first hydrogen bomb will be tested by the United States within the next few months. According to present plans the place of the test will be Eniwctok, in the Pacific and the time will probably be next September. This new installment from Pan- dora's Box of science is not (one must thank God) the terrible weap- on, one thousand times more pow- erful than the destroyer of Hiro- shima, which scientists envisioned at the beginning of the experiment- al process. It is a species of com- promise, in which :he two heavy isotopes of hydrogen, tritium and deuterium, will increase the force conventional nuclear explo- of a sion. Powerful According to informed forecasts, the new bomb will have an ex- Presidential Secretary Joseph Short said Eisenhower wrote Presi- dent Truman a personal letter, in- forming him he was taking this step through channels that is through Lovett and that the President replied with a letter to Eisenhower, written in long hand. Both letters were personal and very cordial and will not be made public, Short said. Short would not indicate when a successor to Gen. Eisenhower will be named by the President or iden- tify the successor the President has in mind. He simply said the announcement will not be made today. Asked whether Eisenhower will return to this country before June, Short said he did not know when the general will return. Minnesota River Rising From New Ulm to Mankato By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS The Minnesota River, which al- ready has driven several hundred families from their homes and forced closing of a large flour mill, continued to rise all the way from New Ulm to Mankato today. Evacuation of several families from a large Mississippi river is- land opposite Red Wing, Minn., was begun this morning as the stream, fed by heavy Minnesota and St. Croix River runoff began rising. About 50 homes are located on the island. Water was over the island road in several places.'The road served as a link between two bridges extending from Red Wing to Hager City. Wis. Residents were forced from the island last year when floodwaters engulfed most After remaining stationary all day yesterday, the river rose two inches overnight to a 25.95-foot lev- el. At the Eagle Roller Mill, pump- plosive power of between 200 and j ing crews believed they had the 300 kilotons. In other words, it will situation under control, however, be from ten to fifteen times more powerful than the original Hiro- and river observers believed the crest had been reached. shima bomb, but only about two Water in the basement forced the to two-and-one-hnlf times more j mill to close yesterday, but pump- powerful thnn the most advanced ers said they were gaining about nuclear weapon previously tested, an inch an hour and hoped to at Eniwetok last year. If these forecasts are correct, the new bomb will be capable of devastat- ing an area of approximately 50 square means one hit to a" great against eight square miles for the Hiroshima meant five to eight hits. have the mill ready to reopen next week, unless there is a further break-through. Highway crews bolstered high- ways 14 and 15 with 132 loads of rock and coarse gravel. Water was within a foot of the floors of the two bridges across the river. At Chaska the water rose nine If there is any consolation at all j inches over night, forcing more in these macabre statistics, it lies in the fact that they are not much more stupendous. In truth, the on- coming explosion of this new hy- families to flee. About 100 families now have had to move to higher ground. A rise of another two feet has been forecast, probably less i'm-1 the crest past last year's rec portant news, for the long run, jord, "gh. mean, there had been no progress since industry-union talks collapsed before Tuesday night's seizure. A great deal depended upon how each side felt about the seizure's legality. The industry, feeling the government's taking over of its plants and mills was illegal, could wait it out until a court test. The government, depending upon how solid it felt legally, could wait or deal with Murray. Murray stuck steadfastly to the Wage Stabilization Board's suggest- ed settlement terms of 17V4 cents an hour increases in pay, plus the union shop and other concessions. Some steel companies reportedly were willing to grant some form of union shop, or compulsory union membership arrangement, but one or two firms balked at this. Back to- Normal Convinced by verbal and written assurances from Murray and com- pany executives that steel produc- tion was fast getting back to nor- mal, after partial shutdowns in the face of a strike threat, Secretary of Commerce Sawyer directed that a ban on steel deliveries be lifted. It wasn't as simple as it sounded for the government, to grant Mur- ray's demands. Industry lawyers thought that previous Supreme Court rulings gave the steel companies the right to sue for millions of dollars worth of damages, equal to the cost of wage increases during seizure. This is the reason the government care- fully named the industry's regular executives as government mana- gers under seizure. Thus, it seemed the government's course was to give every chance of a mutual contract agreement between industry and union before embarking on the drastic step of government dealing directly with the union. Six Kentucky Delegates Go To Sen. Taft LOUISVILLE, Ky. A. Taft won six GOP national con- vention delegate votes in Kentucky yesterday, and his forces predict- ed he would grab off eight more today. Kentucky Republicans will send 20 delegates to their national con- vention in Chicago July 7. Sixteen of the delegates are being chosen in district conventions and four will be named in the state con- vention here Saturday. The six delegates already pledged to support the Ohio senator for Re- publican nomination for President as long as he has a chance' were chosen in the fourth congressional district convention at Bardstown, the fifth at Newport, and the sixth in Lexington. Republicans meet today in the first district Princeton, the sec- ond at Owensboro, seventh at Paintsville and eighth at London. Party members in the metropoli- tan third district (Louisville) will than the growing scientific opinion that the explosion of the true hy- drogen super-bomb will never take staSe today was- 23-56' 0 C place at all. Theory Sound Mankato still was awaiting the crest, predicted for Saturday? The feet expected tomorrow. Some 50 Man- j kato families have left their which would j meet tomorrow, but their leaders already have agreed to give one delegate to Taft and one to Gen. No doubt the power of the hy- but a being built up drogen bomb that has-now ,feet-.stiU built can be rather considerably i wmch was built can be rather considerably ,t- increased in later models. But, ac-' 5ear. cording to reliable information, it lacks the most important charac- teristics of the originally envision- ed <rue hydrogen super-bomb. These were, very simply, limit- At Montevideo, the level was up only a fraction of an inch over- night Highways 212 and 7 and a block and a half of Main Street were under water. Milwaukee trains were running on a stretch (Continued on Page 13, Column of track, elevated about a foot, to ALSOPS wi u <iv. n, tim I avoid water. Dwight D. Eisenhower. The state convention, in which Taft leaders say they will have more than of the, dele- gates from the state' at large. The Taft forces in Kentucky, with E. R. Denney of Ml. Vernon as chairman and including such men as former Federal Judge Charles L Dawson and former Gov. Simeon Willis, made then- fight strictly for instructed dele- gates to the national convention. Edward C. Black, third district leader supporting Taft. said yester- day's results "were just what coufl be expected." City Getting Ready For Record Stage V V A Traffic Jam Of Oil Barges looked like this at Trempealeau, Wis., today, following motor failure of the towboat Arthur J. Dyer, which can be seen stalled in the main lock. In the fore- ground is the largest of four barges that broke loose from the tow this morning. .It is blocking two and a half 80-foot wide roller gates. The barge angled against the concrete pier is leaking gasoline and poses a serious threat to the dam. Two other barges can be seen wedged into a V-shape at the extreme left of the pic- ture, which was taken from a crane halfway out on the dam struc- ture itself, looking toward Trempealeau. Gasoline Barges Spilled Against Trempealeau Dam By AL OLSON Republican-Herald Staff Writer TREMPEALEAU, was blocked at U.S. Lock and Dam No. 6 here today and the threat of a fiery inferno was created by a leaking gasoline barge. Four huge oil barges being pushed up the Mississippi River by the Arthur J. Dyer towboat broke loose in the swift current at a. m. today.' Two Members Of The Arthur J. Dyer towboat crew work fran- tically to plug a leak in one of the four barges the towboat was pushing upriver at Trempealeau this morning. If the leak is stop- ped, officials hope to float the barge through the roller gate which can be seen in the background. Republican-Herald photos Air Force Holds 6 Who Won't Fly SAN ANTONIO, Tex. Air Force first lieutenants have refus- ed to fly and one has been charged with disobeying a superior officer's order, Randolph Air Force Base says. Maj. Albert Hatcher, public in- formation officer for a crew-train- ing unit at Randolph, said no rea- son for their refusal to fly has been given. Hatcher said all the offenses occurred during the last ten days. One of the lieutenants, the PIO said, is AWOL after being re- stricted ?b the base. He had been picked oil in a San Antonio hotel while attempting to telephone Presidenfc.Tmman and columnists Drew Pearson and Water WinchelL Hatcher said the officer left the base without permission the morn- ing fallowing the telephone inci- dent He said charges would be brought against the remaining five men and a trial date set if in- vestigations by a reviewing board support allegations. A pilot, three bombardiers and two navigators are involved. Hat- cher said. None have been in Ko- rean service, he added. Navy to Launch New Non-Magnetic Type Minesweeper GREAT LAKES, HI. A new type of minesweeper, representing the Navy's first attempt to build a completely non-magnetic hull, will be launched at Manitowoc, Wis...April 17. The hull, named the U.S.S. Dot- terel, will be the first Navy ship launched on the Great Lakes since World War n. It will become an auxiliary mo- tor minesweeper. The Dotterel, built of Virginia white oak and Oregon fir by the Burger Boat Co., of Manitowoc, has been constructed throughout of materials with the lowest possible magnetic attraction. Hull fastenings, struts, bolts, ev- en hatches, are of silicon bronze, monel metal or stainless steel. Even the anchor is of bronze. The anchor chain is of monel metal j The effort to. eliminate magnetic I fittings is to attain the greatest j possible safety factor when the i vessel is sweeping for magnetic Seven shipyards across the coun- try are building the first flight of the cew class, the Navy said to- Iday. One, containing several hundred thousand gallons of gasoline, sprung a leak, turned the water bright red and endangered the entire S3V4 million dam. Another barge, the largest of the four, was pushed broadside against the gates of the dam itself, block- ing two and a half gates. Two others were jig-sawed above the main lock. Blocking the lock it- i self was the tug, unable to move forward or backward because of a broken clutch. It was the clutch failure that started the trouble this morning, creating an unprecedented tie-up in the 17-year-history of the Trem- pealeau dam. When the motor failure occurred, the Arthur J. Dyer was just pushing the four barges out into the main channel, one ahead of the other. Unable to move, the barges were caught in the treacherous flow of the Mississippi and hurled around the I-wall of the lock. Two ones closest to the buckled just above the lock itself, blocking both the main lock and an auxiliary one. The biggest barge leading off the four was carried broadside down- stream, hitting against the concrete abutments of the roller gates, now open because of the high water. Eddy Holds Gasoline Jimmied at an angle against the auxiliary lock wall is the leaking gasoline barge. Because of its angular position, the barge is creat- ing an eddy that prevents much of the fuel from Cowing away in the current. Should sparks ignite this pool of gasoline, fire of unestimated fury would break out, dam officials warned. Special equipment is be- ing rushed here from St. Paul to fight such a conflagration. At Fountain City, meanwhile, crewi acting under emergency orders are rushing to prepare the dredge Thompson for serv- ice. By midnight today the huge river craft should be steaming down- stream to assist in the barge "res- cue" operation here, officials said. Bolivian Army Believed Whipping Rebel Forces BUENOS AIRES, Argentina Direct communications with Boliv- ia's revolt-torn capital La Paz still were blacked out early today, but round-about reports indicated the military government of Gen, Hugo Ballivan was whipping a rebel force. The Bolivian Embassy here said it had received word that 200 per- sons have been killed in the fight- ing, which was still going on yes- terday. The report originated with the Chilean ambassador in La Paz and was relayed via Chile. Rebels seized the government radio station and some other key points in La Paz at dawn Wed- nesday and broadcast that they had taken over the government without bloodshed. They said they were preparing for the return of Victor Paz Estenssoro, leader of the National Revolutionary Party (MNR) now in exile in Buenos Aires. Government forces rallied as re- inforcements moved in from outly- ing parts of the country. Mortars, macbineguns and small arms pounded in the mountain capital through the night. The last direct reports Wednesday night listed a toll of 18 dead and 60 injured and indicated the growing government forces were getting the upper hand. Then La Paz radio went off the air and telephone lines deadened. No planes or trains have arrived in neighboring countries. A radio broadcast from an Army-controlled station in Bo- livia's second capital at Sucre claimed yesterday the rebels were nearly beaten down. The broad- cast, beard in Lima, Peru, said the insurgent leader. Brig. Gen. Antonio Seleme, had offered to give up but had taken refuge in Already at the scene by nooning Vatican embassy, today was the Coast Guard Cutler Seleme was Interior Minister in Fern. Other equipment was being j jjje government, a military Junta (Continued on Page 3, Column I.) i which came into power 11 months TREMPEALEAU j ago through a coup. Dike Building Started After New Warning 1st Families Leave Homes at Foot Of Liberty Street By FRED LEIGHTON Republican-Herald Staff Writir Flood-jittery Winona was warned this morning to brace for a river crest equal to the 1951 all-time high of 17.4- feet as the Mississippi continued its re- lentless rise at a rate ap- proaching .05 of a foot per hour. The river's rise left Wino- na's flood stage behind early today as water crept above the 13-foot stage, reached 13.32 at a. m., 13.46 at a. m. and 13.57 at noon. W. 0. Cribbs, city engineer, made the gloomy river prediction after conferring with federal Weather Bureau officials and the U. S. Army Engineers in St. Paul by long distance telephone at mid- morning. official forecast still stands at 16.5 Cribbs Mid, "but I am personally con- vinced that the river will go and we are making plans accordingly." At the same time Cribbs and William P. Theurer, president of the City Council, announced the city Is starting this afternoon to raise and reinforce the 700-foot dike structure lying east of the Mankato Avenue dike and running north and south between the Burns VaUey Creek ditch and the Lake Winona outlet ditch. Fill for the new earthworks will come from Burns Valley ex- cavations in recent days. "We are planning to reinforce the dike to withstand 17.4 feet of Cribbs said, "but beyond that there's nothing we can do." The engineer indicated sandbagi are on hand to fortify the Man- kato Avenue dike in case this first dike gives way. The Mankato Ave- nue dike will hold back a stage of 17.4 feet. Sandbagging operations will give additional protection of several feet without strenuous ef- fort, the engineer added. Prairie Island Situation Elsewhere on the city's flood fronts, preparations appeared ade- quate to withstand the predicted crest, A head of 4.6 feet of water was pushing against the Prairie Island dike gate this morning. A safe margin there is believed to be nine feet. Water will be grad- ually released into the Crooked Slough area as the river rises. The island end of Prairie Island road will hold back 17 feet of wa- ter. Sandbags are on hand to but- tress the island end of the road if water reaches the top of the road. Theurer revealed this morning more sandbags have been or- dered and will be held for an emergency. Now on band are 000 bags. City street department personnel this morning were installing the first of two electric pumps at the new gate structure at the foot of Olmstead Street. The pumps will raise rain water, seepage and runoff out of the city's storm sewers in the West 3rd Street area as long as flood gates are closed during the flood. Cribbs said the second pump will be installed this afternoon. In ad- dition, there are two gasoline pumps, with a capacity of gallons a minute, operating there. On the riverfront, the first of the city's residents to flooded out were moving to higher ground this morning. Inhabitants of the area near the foot of Liberty Street were voluntarily evacuating as the river crept into their front yards. Pressure against the east end (Continued on Page 3, Column 5.) MISSISSIPPI WEATHER FEDERAL FORECAST Winona and Vicinity Mostly cloudy and wanner with late tonight and early Saturday. Low tonight 35, high Saturday 52. LOCAL WEATHER Official observations for the 24 hours ending at 12 m. today: Maximum, 41; minimum, 23; noon, 41; precipitation, none; gun sets tonight at gun rises to- morrow at Additional weather on page 13.