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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - April 7, 1952, Winona, Minnesota Fair, Warmer Tonight, Tuesday Cloudy, Warmer River Stage Today Year Ago 24-Hour 10.75 .20 6.70 .80 VOLUME 52, NO. 43 FIVE CENTS PER COPY WINONA, MINNESOTA, MONDAY EVENING, APRIL 7, 1952 SIXTEEN PAGES Strife e May nar Ph one ervice Politics at a Glance By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS .Sen. Frank Carlson of Kansas, supporter of Gen. Dwight Eisen- hower for the Republican nomination as President, addresses an Eisenhower rally at Trenton, N. J. Former Gov. Harold Stassen of Minnesota, candidate for the Re- publican nomination as President, speaks at Niles, HI. Sen. Estes Kefauver of Tennessee, candidate for the Democratic nomination as President, addresses the Los Angeles Press Club. Sen. Robert Kerr of Oklahoma, candidate for the Democratic nomination as 'President, speaks in Oklahoma City at the dedication of YMCA building. Furnaces Banked For Steel Strike Lt. A. Van Fleet Jr. of the U.S. Eighth Army commander, was listed by the U.S. Fifth Air Force as missing in acuon over North Korea. Van Fleet, 26, was pi- loting a B-26 light bomber. (AP Wirephoto) TODAY Kefauver Candidacy Rolling By JOSEPH AND STEWART ALSOP WASHINGTON For the first time, the presidential candidacy of Sen. Estes Kefauver is beginning to be taken a little bit seriously by the professional politicians. Not long ago the professionals almost unanimously laughed off Kefauver's efforts. Now they are at least show- Ing signs of hedging. The main rea- son is quite obvious. The Democra- tic we more and more resembles Iers were holding on to their cas Little Hope Held Of Avoiding Tuesday Walkout BULLETIN WASHINGTON gov- ernment today froze all ship- ments of steel for civilian goods because of threatened itrike Wednesday. NEW YORK that the government can settle the steei wage dispute flickered today, like fires in the industry's blast fur- naces already being cooled before the strike deadline tomorrow mid- night. The Wage Stabilization Board chairman, Nathan Feinsinger, and two members of the board planned new meetings today with represen- tatives of steel's "Big Six" and the CIO United Steelworkers. But Feinsinger said last night that no definite time schedule had been set for the conferences. He indicated that the government of- ficials would meet with the two sides separately. Joint talks, he said, would be held if it "seems advisable." Meet With Union State Bank Assets Top Record Figure ST. PAUL Assets of state- supervised banks in the nation reached a record figure of at the end of the 1951 calendar year, A. W. Hoese, Min- nesota commissioner of banks, re- ported today. He said Minnesota banks contributed to the asset-in- crease. Commissioner Hoese said that a compilation of condition statements of state chartered banks, showed a gain in total resources during the year ended Dec. 31, 1951. The state-supervised insti- tutions include commercial banks and 529 mutual savings banks. At the end of the year, branches and 183 agencies were being operated by the commercial banks and 238 branches and one agency by the savings banks. During the 12-month period, de- posits rose six billion dollars while loans and discounts were increas- Senate Tackles Bill to Check U.S. Spending Congressional Budget Committee Recommended WASHINGTON Senate today takes up a bill designed to give Congress a more effective check-on federal spending. The measure, sponsored .by Sen. tfcClellan has strong sup- port in both major parties and is expected to win approval easily. The bill would set up an 18- member joint congressional com- mittee on the budget and give it a taff similar to the highly trained echni'cal group which now works or the Senate and House tax-writ- ing committees, ed The cash position On. the joint committee would I Mounted Police stand guard over this picket line that formed during a snow fall this mjrning in front of the Bell Telephone Co. in Cleveland, Ohio, as the phone workers went on strike at 6 a. m. (AP Wirephoto to The Republican-Herald.) Feinsinger met with union and industry representatives for sever- al hours yesterday and later spoke cautiously of "gradual progress" towards a "better understanding" of each other's problems. "It is too early, he said, "to state whether or when the dispute would be settled." He stressed that a strike would im- mediately affect national defense. His cautious optimism was tem- pered by these immediate develop- ments: U. S. Steel Corp. President Ben- amin F. Fairless asked the-union o call off the strike; and the iteelworkers' president, Philip Jurray, promptly said it was the ndustry, not the union, which was 'forcing the At Pittsburgh and in nearby steel owns, there was the gloomy feel- ing that the strike, postponed fiev- ral times, could not now be avoic d. Mills cooled their furnaces an losed their coal mines. Steelwork the ancient roundelay: "Four green bottles a-hanging on the wall, "If one green bottle should ac- cidentally fall, "There'll be three green bot- tles a-hanging on the wall." Within the last two weeks, two green bottles have fallen off the Truman, and Sen. Robert Kerr, who can only recover by a miracle from the trouncing he received at Kefauvcr's hands in the Nebraska primary. That leaves two green bottles a-hanging on the and Gov. Adlai Stevenson of Illinois. This simple process of elimination explains why the professionals no longer laugh off the Kefauver candidacy quite so blithely as they used to. Fewer To Choose From Other green bottles may, of course, appear on the wall before and merchants reported an Easte buying slump. Major manufacturing firms plan ned for steel shortages. Genera Electric Company instructed its executives in a news letter to sto; all overtime work as soon as steel strike started. One spark briefly lighted dreary Steel Com pany, with four Pennsylvania plants and workers, signec an independent agreement with the union, which now has pacts cover ing four companies with ll.OOC workers. Workers But these firms produce less than 2 per cent of the more than two million tons of steel turned ou each week. More than work ers are involved in the over-al dispute. The independents accepted the convention time, but it is hard to union's terms, that contracts be see who they may be. Sen. Richard i based on the Wage Stabilization Russell has never been Riven much of a chance for the nomination, simply because the Northern, New- Deal wing of the party still exer- cises veto power. His "age almost certainly rules out the we'.l-liked Vice President Alben Barklcy, and probably House Speaker Sam Ray- burn as well. All the other hope- fuls, like Connecticut's Sen. Brian McMahon. are really candidates for the Vice-Presidency. Moreover, it is now clear that Kefauver is likely to RO to the con- vention with a respectable block of delegates. He is sure of Tennes- see, Wisconsin and New Hampshire, and almost certainly Oregon and California, with its 6S delegate vote. He has a cood ohance for delegate support in Washington, Maryland, Florida and Nebraska Board's recommendation for a 17V4 cent-an-hour total wage increase and other benefits. Other steel firms, including the "Big have opposed the board's recommendations. At a meeting here the last between union and industry leaders before yesterday's talks with six big com panics offered a 9-cent-an-hour boost and other benefits. Murray turned it down. Then Feinsinger was sent here from Washington to try to break the deadlock. WEATHER FEDERAL FORECAST Winona and and (although Kcrr is trying to hang tonight, Tuesday increasing on to eight delegates there, despite his And he will certainly pick up scattered delegate strength elsewhere. National Committeeman David L. Lawrence, of Pittsburgh, for ex- ample, Pennsylvania's Democratic leader, strongly favors Stevenson, and Pennsylvania has been account- ed a sure Stevenson state. But Lawrence now believes that Kefau- ver may pick up a fair slice of (Continued on Page 7, Column 5) ALSOPS i cloudiness and warmer. Low to- night 35. high Tuesday 65. LOCAL WEATHER Official observations for the 24 hours ending at 12 m. Sunday: Maximum, 45; minimum, S3; noon. 45; precipitation, none. Official observations for the 24 hours ending at 12 m. today: Maximum, 52; minimum, 2S; noon, 52; precipitation, none'; sun- sets tonight at sun rises to- morrow at Additional weather on Page 13. of the banks was higher than at Dec. 31, 1950, whil holdings of governments wer down Homeless In Sioux Falls, Bismarck Floods SIOUX FALLS, S. D. than persons were homeless today as rampaging rivers floodec sections of Bismarck, N. D., anc Sioux Falls. Hardest hit Was Sioux Falls, where the Big Sioux River burst its banks to engulf the airport and an adjoining housing project, driv- ing out 300 families. Bismarck reported 250 homes flooded when the Missouri River hit a 25.8 foot feet over flood stage. The stream was re- ceding slightly early today as the crest moved on downstream. It was expected to reach Pierre, S. D., within the next three days. In Montana, sandbag crews bat- tled the swelling Milk River which, according to Army Engineers' es- timates, has flooded at least 000 acres of farmlands. The river was out of its banks from Glacier National Park to the Missouri River. It has caused damage es- timated to run into millions of dollars. More than three feet of water was standing in flooded homes in the southwestern section of Bis- marck. Lowlands between Bis- marck and Mandan were flooded but a levee was keeping the roar- ing waters out of the latter city, eight miles west of the North Da- kota capital. Traffic on Highway 10 between the two cities was closed and the Northern Pacific Railroad's main line was cut by the flood. i At Sioux Falls, workers concen- trated on sandbagging the city's waterworks and well field, near the flooded airport section. Resi- dents of the nearby Braley addition have been alerted to evacuate more than 100 additional homes if the waters continue to rise. City Commissioners Bert Yaeger and John Browning said the flood is worse than last year when the Big Sioux did more than a mil- lion dollars damage. be five members each from the Senate and House Appropriations Committees, and four each from the Government Operations Com- mittees. Sponsors of the bill contend the Appropriations Committees do not now have the time or the staff to check on the tremendous fed- eral budgets being sent to Con- gress. These are running eight to 10 times the size of pre-World War 11 budgets. The Senate Government Opera- tions headed by Mc- Clellan, said; "The result is that many millions f dollars have been appropriated in excess of the actual require- ments and needs to properly carry on the functions of the federal gov- ernment. "Those excesses have made worse the large recurring deficits vhich must be passed on in the 'orm of new taxes to the already jverburdened taxpayers, and un- ess stopped'may eventually lead to national bankruptcy." The staff of the joint committee >n the budget would have the duty if checking details of all federal perations to give.the Appropria- tions Committees data on each iudget item. It also would be ssigned to: 1. Study prospective tax reve- ues so that "a well-considered fis- al program may be devised to old expenditures to the mini- mum." 2. Make recommendations to the roper congressional committees so that they may eliminate waste- ul practices and correct devia- ons from programs authorized by le Congress." 3: Recommend cutbacks in gov- rnment programs "when in the ublic interest." 4. Put a price-tag on aE spend- ng programs authorized by Con- Illinois Primary Vote May Top 10-Year Record CHICAGO forecast of balmy weather, interest whipped up by stump speaking tours of two major candidates and two write-in campaigns boded a possible 10- year record vote in the Illinois pri- mary election tomorrow. There were guesses that two mil- lion voters would take part in the presidential preference (popular- ity) contest, the election of dele- gates to both major party conven- tions, and the nominating of party candidates for state and county office. There are registered voters. A record vote of was cast in the 1936 primary. The 1942 total was Polls open at 6 a. m. (CST) and close at 5 p. m. Tours State Sen. Robert A. Taft of Ohio and Harold -E. Stassen, former Minne- sota governor, toured the state last week and wound up their Illinois campaigns in Chicago. They are opposed on the Republican ballot only by Riley A. Bender, a politi- cally unknown Chicago hotel man'. But supporters of Gen. Dwight Eisenhower have been pushing a campaign for write-in votes. Gov. John D. Lodge of Connecticut last week made a speaking tour of downstate Illinois in Eisenhower's behalf. Senator Favored Zhippewa Dragged For Boy's Body EAU CLAIRE, Chip- pewa river here was dragged with- out success Sunday for the body of Robert Holstein, 10, who drowned Saturday. Twenty boat crews gave up the search when darkness fell last night Dragging was resumed today. Robert fell into the river from the sub-structure of the Madison street bridge where he and a friend, Robert Steidtmann, 11, had been hunting pigeons. Taft is favored to win most of Illinois' 50 delegates to the Repub- ican convention. Primary results are not binding upon the delegates. Observers said; however, if Taf wins he will have a good chanc of getting the votes of the add tional 10 delegates named at th April. 25 state OOP convention. Sen. Kefauver of Tennessee unopposed in the Democratic pres idential primary. But a substantia write-in vote is expected for Gov Adlai E. Stevenson, whose nam appears on the ballot only as an unopposed candidate for renomina tion for governor. Stevenson has denied presidentia aspirations, but a campaign in his behalf gained impetus when Presi dent Truman announced he woulc not seek re-election. Taft-Eisenhower Deadlock Likely By JACK BELL CHICAGO three months of the campaign to go, Sen. Rob- ert A. Taft of Ohio and Gen. Dwight D. Eisenhower appear to be heading toward a possible deadlock at the Republican presidential nomination convention here in July. Although fewer than one-fourth of the delegates have been chosen, a recent trend toward splitting state support between the two can- didates indicates they are running the sort of race that may tie the national convention into toots. Taft apparently will get a lift by collecting most of Illinois' 50 delegates in Tuesday's primary. If ie wins the preferential (popular- ity) contest despite a write-in cam- paign for Eisenhower, there will be no doubt of his collecting the state's additional 10 nominating votes at an April 25 convention. What he gets in Illinois and in a state convention Saturday in Kentucky could put Taft near the 200 mark in delegates by the week's end. Eisenhower apparently still will be below the 100 mark, althougn he seems likely to get the lion's share of Kansas' 22 in a Thursday convention and an uncertain num- ber in Kentucky. Taft might maintain his delegate lead for some time especially since he probably will get most of Ohio's 56. But Eisenhower has the promise of most of New York's 95 votes in reserve and he prob- ably will pick up most of New Jersey's 38 in an April 15 primary. Taft's name remains on the ballot there despite his attempt to with- draw it. Some recent state convention bal- loting has indicated Republican pol- iticians believe they have a horse race on their hands and some of them don't want to get their bets down too early. Michigan's election of a 46-vote delegation last week was accom- plished on a basis permitting the Kohler Backs Eisenhower as 'Best Candidate' KOHLEK, Wis. Gov. Wal- ter J. Kohler broke his neutrality Saturday be declaring' himself a supporter of Gen, Eisenhower for the presidency. He stated he thinks the general "best meets the exacting require- ments of the He add- ed that "I will of course unreserv- edly support whoever is nominat- ed by the Republican convention next July. Kohler had been regarded as an Eisenhower backer, but refused to declare himself. Earlier Saturday he stated that Life magazine had acted without authority in identify- ing him in its current issue as one of 10 Republican governors pledg- they would remain on hand in Western Electric Workers Out in 43 States Western Union Telegraph Co. Strike Continues By EUGENE LEVIN NEW YORK LK-Some CIO Communications Workers struck across the nation today and threat- ened to disrupt telephone service. Another strike gripped the Western Union telegraph system. Fruitless all-night mediation ses- sions culminated at 5 a.m. (CST) in a strike by Western Elec- tric Company employes, picket lines could snarl phone serv- ice in 43 states. In separate disputes involving Bell Telephone Systems in five states, the same union the CIO Communications Workers of Amer- called out some crafts- men, operators and-clerks in New Jersey, Ohio, Michigan, northern California and Nevada. Wage disputed caused the na- tion-wide wire communications la- bor troubles, the first involving both telegraph and telephone at the same time. (Normal telephone service was being given today, at Winona exchange of the North- western Bell Telephone Com- pany. Manager Harold Law said that no Western Electric employes are working here now, and that there is no pick- eting.) Somt Wire Service The Western Union strike, now to its fifth day, is being carried on by the AFL Commercial Telegraph- ers Union, which has disputed company claims of a back-to-work movement and service restoration between dozens of cities. The Western Electric dispute ap- peared to be the most serioui nationally. This company is a Bell subsidiary, and the union plans to picket telephone company offices. Ernest Weaver, a CWA district official in New York, said union telephone workers in the 43 states were prepared to respect the Western Electric picket lines. But the prospects were that pick- ets would not be posted at all of- fices at one time-. This was the "hit and run" tactic used by tha union in a 1950 strike. Break Up Weaver made his statement shortly aftc.- talks for installation workers broke up. Later, the West- ern Electric sales personnel talks also ended in- a deadlock. Both sides and federal negotiators said ed to Eisenhower. Highest Respect In coming out for the general, said: "I have the highest respect for the abilities of Sen. Taft, Gov. Warren and Gov. Stassen and be- ieve they would lead our nation J-ll_iOLH_U Vil O. JJti illlLtUJK I4.lt I _ j. j majority of the group to jump fast far fundly, honestly and toward any bandwagon that gets constructively thanhas the present rolling at the national convention. Of the Michigan group 33 dele< gates are publicly unpledged, sex- en said they are for Eisenhower and six said they back Taft. There were such conflicting claims about the leanings of the unpledged group it seems safe to say nobody now knows with any finality where their votes will go. Arthur Summerfield, Michigan national who is chairman of the delegation, told this reporter he believes the Chi- cago convention will be "wide open" in the sense that neither major candidate can win a quick nomination. Eisenhower backers showed their Midwestern strength last week when they caught the Taft people napping in Iowa and walked away with 15 of the state's 26 delegates. But the Taft camp came back trong to rack up all of Idaho's 14. Democrat administration. "At the same time I believe that Gen. Eisenhower's demonstrated talent for organization, his impres- sive record as an administrator and his experience and proven skill in the most delicate negotiations, particularly equip him for the task of the presidency in these difficult times." Saskatchewan Bridge Swept Away by Ice SWIFT CURRENT, SASKATCH- EWAN jams swept away the four middle spans of a big bridge across the Saskatchewan river 35 miles north of here yes- terday and cut off the Northern section of the province The million-dollar steel and con- crete structure, completed a year ago, formed the only overland link with the North. Navy Bomber Flies Over North Pole ANCHORAGE, Alaska A avy patrol bomber has landed at Thule Air Force Base in Northern reenland after a flight over the North Pole, the Alaskan Air Com- j short of the Pole. Engine trouble tempt the first landings in history on the strategic polar ice cap at the top of the world. The two planes landed on "Ice several hundred miles mand reported early today. (forced one of the bombers to re- It was not known here whether main behind on the island yester- of the Big Sioux River has driven all 75 residents from Renner, S. D. The Big Sioux also broke through a dike on the outskirts of Sioux Falls, S. D., forcing evacuation of toast iJM occn- pants of a bousing development The river appear- ed to be leveling off today. (AP Wirephoto to The Republican-Herald.) the ski-equipped bomber carrying 112 men on the trail-blazing flight, I had actually put down at Pote, as planned. The plane was to re- fuel at Thule and fly back to Point Barrow, Alaska, headquarters of the Navy's "Operation Ski Jump." The plane was one of the two P2V Neptaoe bombers, each with 12 men aboard, which set out late Saturday from Foist Barrow to it- while the plane piloted by Lt, Credr. C. D. Kcphart, Bremerton, Wash., winged its way toward the Pole. This was the aircraft which later put down in Greenland. The Navy said the 12-znan crew of the stranded plane, commanded fay Cradr. V. J. Coley, Oakland, Calif., who was in charge of the polar bop, had plenty of food and hctt and no New York if a need for new talks becomes apparent. CWA President Joseph A. launched the strike "officially" in a statement he issued in Washing- ton. He promised that emergency service would be maintained- for the public as well as for govern- ment and military agencies. Beirne said the companies' re- fusal to accept union offers "irresponsible." He the union demonstrated "a willingness to compromise" and suggested that the case be taken before the Wage Stabilization Board. Beirne said the companies refused. In New Yoirk, C. C. Randolph', Western Electric personnel direc- tor, called the union's deiSand "an ultimatum" and said-the company had negotiated in "good faith." Some Agreements Randolph said "tentative agree- ments were reached on many con- tract items and the company made fair and equitable wage of- fers." He said final union wage offers still were above limits set by the Wage Stabilization Board. Federal Mediators Francis L Maher and Harry Winning issued a joint statement in New York shortly after the Western Electric negotiations broke up. No Picketing In Minnesota MINNEAPOLIS North- western Bell Telephone Co. said today there is no picketing of any telephone company offices in Min- nesota and telephone service if normal in all respects. Two CWA CIO union groups rep- resenting Western Electric Co. central office equipment installers and warehouse employes started a nation-wide strike at 6 a.m. Northwestern Bell said there art 175 Western Electric Co. equip-' ment installers employed in North- western Bell in 32 towns in Minnesota. There are 250 craft warehouse employes normally em- ployed in Minneapolis. The company said there no dispute between Northwestern Bell and the CWA CIO union which rep-' resents Northwestern Bell employes in Minnesota, the Dako- ta, Iowa and Nebraska. The union and the company have a contract which does not until
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