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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - April 5, 1952, Winona, Minnesota Cloudy Tonight, Sunday Fair And Warmer VOLUME 52, NO. 42 FIVE CENTS PER COPY WINONA, MINNESOTA, SATURDAY EVENING, APRIL 5, 1952 River Stage 24-Heur Chtnyt Today 10.31 .19 Year Ago 6.32 .78 FOURTEEN PAGES Plane Kills 5 in N.Y. City Plunge Politics at a Glance By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Michigan Republican convention at Detroit names 46 delegates to the national nominating convention. Idaho Republican convention at Idaho Falls selects 14 delegates to the national nominating convention. Sen. Estes Kefauver, of Tennessee, candidate for the Democratic nomination as President, speaks at the Cleveland City Club meeting, later at Painesville, Ohio, rally. Rep. John Heselton of Massachusetts, backer of Gen. Dwight Eisenhower for the Republican nomination as President, speaks at Wearren Township, N. J. Gov. John Lodge of Connecticut, an Eisenhower supporter, speaks at Champaign, 111. Sen. Robert Taft of Ohio, candidate for the Republican nomina- tion as President, speaks in Illinois at Carbondale, Harrisburg, Mount Vernon. McGranery to Run Own investigation By ED CREAGH WASHINGTON Truman administration's clean-up-the- government program will be run by the Department of self under President Truman's choice of a new attorney general is confirmed by the Senate, And Truman's nominee for the post, Federal Judge James P. Mc- Granery of Philadelphia, says he doesn't know yet whether there is Costello Found Guilty, Faces 10-Year Term Gambler Four Times Previously Beat Government Moves TODAY Truce Hope Revived In Korea By JOSEPH and STEWART ALSOP WASHINGTON They may be wrong again, but those in the best position to judge are now rather sharply upping the odds on a truce in Korea. They are now quoting odds of about 3 to 2 in favor of a truce in the fairly near future, where until very recently the bet- ting wa's just the reverse. This tentative optimism derives from broad hints by the Communists that they will be willing to settle the central issue of the exchange of prisoners, provided that some, face-saving formula can be found.'ments- Prisoners unwilling to return to By JOHN O'BRIEN WALLACE NEW YORK ifl Swarthy, croaky-voiced Frank Costello, wh twice stalked out of a Senate crim committee hearing rather tha answer questions, was convicte last night of contempt of th United States Senate. The 61-year-old gambler an underworld figure, ,who four time previously beat government effort to put him behind bars, faces possible maximum sentence of 1 years in prison plus ii fines., He was continued in bail pending sentencing Tuesday. Government Prosecutor Myle J. Lane, who finally tripped th Italian-born racketeer, hailed th jury's guilty verdict as a "turning point" and said it wrs proo that no man "no matter how cun ning or powerful he might seem to be, could be bigger than the gov ernment itself." Visibly Shaken The usually calm and poised Costello, visibly shaken by the verdict, had "nothing to say." Those were his words to news- men as he rose unsteadily to his feet after the jury had reported pendent search for government cor-1its, decision. The jury deliberated iirit-Vi JlOUTS. any governmental wrongdoing to investigate. He plans to rely on FBI Director J. Edgar Hoover to tell him whether there is or not. McGranery, a square-jawed, rud- dy-faced man with a brisk, confi- dent manner, outlined some of his plans yesterday after a long White House conference with the Presi- dent. Truman named him Thursday to replace Atty. Gen. J. Howard Mc- Grath, swept from office in a row over the way New Yorker Newbold Morris was conducting a semi-inde with the Justice Department itself. McGrath fired Morris, a Repub- lican, just before taking his own abrupt departure. New Trouble And McGranery promptly ran in- to trouble, too. Rep. Velde (R-I11) charged Mc- Granery, while an assistant attor- ney general, "whitewashed" the Amerasia case, a World War n sensation involving the illegal pos- session of seciet government docu- icnts. McGranery scoffed at tlie accusa- China or North Korea for exam- tion> saying he ordered all the evi- ple, might simply be reclassified, Idenc? Presented to a grand jury, under such a formula, as "refu- In end. two of SIX persons UUUV.L a A.UI i ao i rather than "prisoners o'f war." This sort of thing may seem a pretty shaky foundation for optimism. Yet the possibility of a truce is at least being taken so seriously that it has given rise to a hot dispute at the highest lev- els. This which concerns what to do if a truce is actually negotiated, has implications ex- tending far beyond Korea. Withdrawal Urged One view, strongly supported by the Air Staff, is that an orderly withdrawal of the great bulk of American forces should be under- taken as rapidly as possible after a truce. A token force, a training mission, stocks of arms sufficient to equip a first-rate South Korean Army, would be left behind. But there would be no attempt to keep in Korea enough American forces actually to stop and hold another Communist attack. Instead, the Air Force believes that 'here should be a "sanctions statement" a warning that re- newed aggression will atuomatic- ally cause all-out retaliation against the aggressor by air. Some of the reasons why the air plan- favor this course are obvious! enough. j The Air Force now has commit- ted in Korea between 30 per cent and 35 per cent of its total air strength. This commitment cannot be much reduced unless there is also a heavy reduction in ground strength. Otherwise. American troops in Korea would be left with- out air cover, nakedly exposed to enemy air attack. Needed Elsewhere The air planners believe that it is strategic madness to keep a third of all American air strength committed to a small Asiatic pen- insula which has little strategic value and which could rot be de- fended in case of general war. They argue that to try to remain March 21, injured or more always in readiness to defend
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