Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - April 4, 1952, Winona, Minnesota Cloudy Tonight And Saturday; Rather Cold River Stage Today Year Ago 14-Hour Change) 10.12 .61 5.54 .36 VOLUME 52, NO. FIVE CENTS PER COPY WINONA, MINNESOTA, FRIDAY EVENING, APRIL 4, 1952 EIGHTEEN PAGES McGranery New Attorney General CIO Preiident Philip Murray appears to be putting the finger on U. S. Steel Corporation vice president John A. Stephens industry spokesman at the steel wage negotiations here yester- day. The negotiations collapsed a short time later and Murray in- dicated he may serve a 96-hour strike notice to the steel com- panies. (AP Wirephoto to The Republican-Herald.) e> Steel Braces for Strike Wednesday NEW YORK basic steel industry braced today for a strike as the CIO United Steelworkers prepared to give notice of a man stoppage next Wednesday. It appeared that only a government seizure or a presidential order for a Taft-Hartley Law injunction could stave off a strike in mills that produce 95 per cent of the country's steel. The industry said it would resist TODAY Hard Race Seen With Ike Ahead By JOSEPH and STEWART ALSOP WASHINGTON Robert A. Taft, looking amazingly spry for a man of his age (63) who has been through what he has been through, positively exuded geniality and op- timism at his press conference the morning after the Wisconsin and Nebraska primaries. Only in fact, did the familiar note of acer- bity creep into the flat Taft voice, when he characterized the goings on of Harold E. Stassen (45) as "ridiculous." The comment seemed a poor re- turn for most important favor; for there can be very little doubt indeed that Stassen saved the Taft bacon by splitting the pro- Eisenhower vote in both Wiscon- sin and Nebraska. As a practical matter, however, it is also un- doubted that Sen. Taft has won a victory. His captures of Wiscon- sin and Nebraska delegates keep him very much in the ring, even though the combined vote of his opponents was far larger than the Taft vote in both cases. Real Question The real question remains, meanwhile, whether the kind of showing Sen. Taft made in Wis- consin and Nebraska can possibly compensate, in the long run, for the immensely heavy setback he almost simultaneously received. This setback was, of course, the announcement by President Tru- man that seven years in the White House were enough for him. On balance, the defection of Truman can' quite possibly end by hurting the Ohio senator even more than his much publicized defeats in New Hampshire and Minnesota. a seizure. The union said it woulc fight any move for an injunction The Taft-Hartley Law provides an 80-day, no-strike injunction under national emergency provisions. Wage negotiations between the industry and the union collapsed yesterday. Promptly, an industry spokesman, John A. Stephens of U. S. Steel, said companies would begin "cooling their furnaces'1 to- day. And CIO-USW President Phillip Murray said late last night that a strike notice already had been drafted, ready to be -put in the mails this morning to the com- panies and union locals. Under an agreement with Wage Stabilization Board Chairman Nathan P. Fein- singer, the union is committed to give a 96-hour notice to the in- dustry before a strike. The wage talks fell through af- ter the union turned down a com- pany offer to boost wages nine cents an hour and provide fringe benefits. Industry negotiators estimated the offer at 16 cents an hour, Mur- ray figured it at 14V4 cents. The union chief said he refused the offer because it was less than j increases proposed by the WSB. The WSB recommended a 17V4 Foreman of Jury In Costello Case Ousted by Judge NEW YORK foreman of the jury trying Gambler Frank Costello for contempt of the Senate said today, after she was abruptly excused from service, that she had been ac- cused of agreeing to accept a payoff. "It is declared Mrs. Helen Louise Mason, the jury foreman. Shortly after court opened today, Federal Judge Sylvester Ryan announced that two jurors had been removed from the jury. He gave no explana- tion. But Mrs. Mason, a Negro, said she walked into the judge's chambers, and that the judge told her he had been in- formed she "had been ap- proached" and had agreed to accept money. Further Cuts In Defense Bill Asked in House WASHINGTON cut a de- fense appropriation bill for 1953 became the main target today of a House budget-cutting drive. But before members demanding additional military fund cuts of up to IVi billion dollars can swing in to action with votes, the House must first settle fights over dip lomatic representation to the Vat ican and money for the controver sial "Voice of America" program The military bill will be debated next week, assuming "that the House can dispose of a 859 measure financing the State, Justice and Commerce Depart- ments and the federal courts. "Voice of America" funds are in the latter bill, which also car- ries a ban against using State De- partment money to finance a dip- lomatic mission to the Vatican without Senate confirmation of a man to head it. Some Republicans are demanding a 50 million dollar cut in "Voice" funds, while a potent group wants thp Vatican provision removed. That the big defense measure is in for a hard time was obvious. cent-an-hour benefits. increase and other first place. Sen. Taft's whole campaign strategy and method have always been keyed to Tru- man as his opponent. Against Tru- man, the special form of Taft at- tack w.is undeniably effective. It will lose much of its effect against Gov. Adlai Stevenson, of Illinois, or Sen. Estcs Kcfauvcr, or any other Democratic candidate who cannot easily be denounced for "softness towards Communism" and the like. Recall Poll Second, and far more important, the Republican professionals who favor Sen. Taft both thought he could beat the President, and ex- pected that the Prisident would be the man Taft had to beat. Why they were all so sure Truman would run again cannot be easily explained. But their confidence that Taft could beat Truman was well-founded on soundings of popu- lar sentiment and buttressed by the inquiring Doctor Gallup. In the last Gallup poll. Taft edged Tru- man out by a margin of 45 to 42 per cent. So long, then, as the profes- sionals could look forward to a Taft-Truman race, the Republi- can gamble on Taft seemed very reasonable indeed. In the new sit- uation, however, different sets of odds are likely to be quoted. Last August, Gallup gave the Ohio sen- ator a trial run against Chief Jus- tice Fred Vinson. His great office has taken Vinson out of national politics for a long time, and he certainly has no personal follow- ing in most parts of the country. (Continued on Page 10, Column 5.) ALSOPS Truman, Juliana Celebrate NATO Third Birthday WASHINGTON President Truman and Queen Juliana of the Netherlands today joined represen- tatives of 12 other member na- tions in celebrating the third birth- Before sending it to the House floor late yesterday, the Appropri- ations Committee refused, 23 to 17, to return it to a subcommittee for further reductions. The top committee members, Chairman Cannon (D-Mo) and Rep. Taber reportedly joined in demands for additional cuts of up to billion dollars. With that kind of backing, it was apparent that amendments to make cuts would stand a good chance of approval next week. But Chairman Mahon (D-Tex) of the subcommittee which drafted the bill said he would defend it as it now stands, Mahon said he was unwilling to "gamble" on de- fense. Nobody was expected to try to increase the bill's total, although there were some private Grum- blings over Michigan Slate May Split for Taft and Ike Neither Side Wants Showdown Over Delegates By JACK. BELL DETROIT advo- cates of Sen. Robert A. Taft and Dwigbt D. Eisenhower ap- peared agreed today on a compro- mise to send a divided 46-vote Michigan Delegation to the Repub- lican presidential nominating con- tention. Although both sides publicly laimed the edge in the contest or this state's potent Chicago con- ention vote, it was apparent in ic present confused situation nei- ier wanted to risk a showdown ght in tomorrow's GOP state onvention. Picking Delegates As a result, a slate of 10 dele- ates-at-large may be chosen on a ompromise basis with supporters Taft and Eisenhower represent- d equally. Backers of Gov. Earl rarren of California and former ov. Harold E. Stassen of Min- esota haven't been active here.' Arthur Vandenberg Jr., an of- cial of the Eisenhower-for-Presi- ent Committee, told this reporter s national organization will agree to selection of a slate "represent- ing all elements of Michigan Re- publicans." Similarly, Charles King, chair- .the Taft Committee of Michigan, said in a separate inter- The Justice Department provided Thursday's fireworks in Washington with Attorney General J. Howard McGrath (right) summarily firing corruption prober Newbold Morris only to be fired himself, within four hours by President Truman. Mr. Truman made it clear that, although McGrath had actually the Chief Executive had asked him to retire from the Cabinet. Mr. Truman then promptly named Federal Judge James P. McGranery (left) of Philadelphia, to succeed McGrath and to take over Morris' anti-corruption probe. view his 'group will go along with such a slate. Of the 46 Michigan delegates to be chosen, 36 will be selected in meetings of district delegates pre- ceding official opening of th'e state convention tomorrow. Mutt Ratify Choices The convention must ratify all choices and there remained the possibility of a "blitz" drive by ndividual Eisenhower supporters n an effort to win an endorsement 'or the five-star general. Taft's eaders said they wouldn't seek any convention endorsement of the Ohioan. John Feikens, state chairman of some private grum- a provision blocking The reasons arc obvious. In the da-v of the North Atlantic Treaty I use of any defense money to pay aides to five-star generals and admirals on inactive duty and who are not specifically assigned some job by_the President or the secre- away, during Organization The colorful ceremony at Con stitution Hall, also was attende by Secretary of State Acheson an other cabinet members, Acheson on April 4, 1949 signet the pact which launched the Uni ed States, Canada, Iceland, Bn tain, and the Western Europea nations on their defense build-u against the threat of Communis aggression. I The recent admission of Turkey and Greece expanded the aHianc to 14 members. The three years have seen an expansion of forces available f' defense to 25 or more divisions Ji der the command of Gen. Dwigh1 D. Eisenhower, plus probably a: many more in Greece and Turkey Eisenhower said in his annna: report this week that the tide is beginning to "flow our way" but that only a beginning has been made toward assuring security for the west. WEATHER FEDERAL FORECAST Winona and Vicinity Mostly cloudy tonight and Saturday. Con- tinued rather cold. Low tonight 25, high Saturday 40. LOCAL WEATHER Official observations for the 24 hours ending at 12 m. today: Maximum, 40: minimum. 33; noon, 40; precipitation, none; sun sets tonight at sun rises to- morrow at Additional weather on page 10. ie Eisenhower movement, indica- ed that he would oppose any at- empt to bring up a resolution avoring Eisenhower because of a general agreement that the Mich- gan delegation shall go uninstruct- d to the July Chicago convention. The identity of about half of the 36 district delegates already has been agreed upon informally in advance and there was violent ar- gument between the Taft and Eisenhower camps over the presi- dential leanings of these in- dividuals. Taft Claims Edge Taft followers contend, they have a substantial majority among this group. Eisenhower backers seemed a little less sure but said they believe they will come out on top. What would happen in the other district selections seemed to de- pend largely on how the individual delegates to the state there are of up the results of four recent pri- Russia Breaks With Cuba Over Government HAVANA, Cuba broke diplomatic relations with Cuba last night is- land's revolutionary government turned back two Soviet diplomatic couriers carrying secret bags of documents from Mexico City A sharp note from Moscow said refusal to admit the two couriers deprived the Soviet legation_o normal diplomatic links with the Kremlin. Cuban sources have charged the Russian legation in Havana was a center for Communist spying and intrigues stretching through all Latin America. The English-lan- guage Havana Post said in an editorial today Cuba herself may have been on the verge of break- ing relations with Moscow because of these activities. Cuba's reply to the Moscow note said the couriers came without previous notice, required to ar- range inspection-free clearance of tary of defense. This would take the fiscal year starting July 1, uniformed aides now assigned to Generals Douglas MacArthur and George C. Marshall, as well as to some admirals. mary elections. It is emphasized repeatedly here that what most Michigan Repub- licans want is a winning presi- dential candidate in and they aren't certain just yet which is the best candidate for that role. their luggage. They were sent back to Mexico City at once after they refused to let inspectors look through their 150-pound suitcases. The Cuban reply also noted the couriers arrived at a time when the Soviet Union had not given diplomatic recognition to the re- gime of Fulgencio Batista, who seized power in a military coup March 10. Russia's legation is headed by Guennadi Fomin, charge d'affaires, and includes four accredited diplo- mats. A special police guard pro- tected the legation last night. There were indications the Soviet staff would leave quite soon. The legation is under the super- vision of the Soviet Embassy in Washington. Batista recognized Russia when he was president during World 3-Way Compromise Hinted in Korea By ROBERT B. TUCKMAN MUNSAN, Korea negotiators hinted today they were working toward a three-way compromise that would clear the way for an armistice in Korea. These developments led observers to predict an agreement may be finally in sight: 1. Secret negotiations on how to exchange prisoners of war were recessed indefinitely to develop "additional avenues" for breaking the long deadlock. 2. Gen, Matthew B. Ridgway, top Allied commander, said he thought progress was being made in the truce talks. He hinted that a compromise may be in the offing. 3. Communist newsmen at Pan- munjom said Red delegates in effect offered to withdraw their nomination of Soviet Russia as a neutral inspector if the U.N. Com mand would give up its demand for a ban on airfield construction. 2 Road Blocks Allied negotiators found no such offer in a statement Friday by Chinese Maj. Gen. Hsieh Fang, but in the past Communist corre- spondents have reflected official Red thinking. A swap on the Russia-airfield issues would eliminate the last two road blocks to an agreement on low to supervise a truce. The only other major dispute involves the question of whether prisoners McGrath, Morris Out in Blowup Of Graft Probe Philadelphia Lawyer Takes Over In Cabinet Shift By ED CREACH WASHINGTON Truman administration's we can clean up the government ourselves organized two blown sky high. And a federal judge from Phila- delphia, friendly, 56-year-old James P. McGranery, was called in today to serve as the nation's attorney general and try to'pick up the pieces of the anti-corruption drive. confirmed by the Senate, and it looks as if he will come to Washington in the slippery aftermath of the big- gest governmental explosion to rock the capital since President Truman's middle of the night dismissal of Gen. Douglas Mac- Arthur. Plenty of Action The known casualties: J. Howard McGrath, attorney general. McGrath plummeted out of the Cabinet of "his old friend Harry Truman yesterday with a War II. Since coming to power last month, he has been outspoken against Communism and pledged iis government to alertness against Eed activities. He has said, however, that he las no plans to outlaw the Cuban Communist party, which has about known members. should be allowed to choose wheth er they will return home. The Reds want all U.N.-held prisoners back. The Allies say they must be given a choice. Staff officers trying to find a solution to the prisoner problem met for 42 minutes Friday, then agreed to an indefinite recess. Col. George W. Hickman refused to say whether the U.N. Command had submitted a new proposal. An official U.N. spokesman, Brig. Gen. William P. Nuckols, said the "mutually agreed" recess was called for "constructive Started by U. N. Some observers sopculated that the move was initiated by the U.N. To Meet Truman PHILADELPHIA P. McGranery, newly detignat- attorney general of tfie U. S., said today he ts meet President Truman at the White House p.m. to diicuis his pfans for cleaning up alleged corruption in gov- ernment. "There U nothing for me to this morning. I will prob- ably make a long statement, my meeting with me boss (Mr. ntry told newsmen. Command, but no official source would confirm this. Gen. Ridgway talked with news- Willie (The Actor) Sutton, convicted Tuesday of bank holdup charges in New York looks smilingly through the bars as he contemplates spend- ing the rest of his life in pri- son. He received two con- secutive life sentences Wednes- day, which will begin only after he completes a 29-year sen- tence he owes the state of New York for his 1932 escape. The two life terms were as a fourth-offender on possession of weapons. He is yet to be sentenced on the bank holdup conviction. A Man, His Wrfe, and two smaE children property damage were injured when their house in Bridge City, ing communities. La., was toppled over by tornado winds shortly Ikaa-HeraM.) before dawn today. norm caused heavy in parts of the city and adjoin- (AP Wirephoto to The Repub- Tnen on a dusty airstrip here after conferences with Allied truce nego- tiators and top U.N. military commanders. "I think we're making progress in the truce he said. "I still decline to make any predic- tions as to the final outcome." He made it clear that his refer- ence to progress applied to the secret prisoner negotiations as well as talks on truce supervision. He was the first official to say that staff officers have made head- way toward an agreement on the I thorny prisoner issue since they went into executive session March 25. Asked if n compromise agree- ment might be shaping up, Ridg- way replied: "That's a difficult one to be pre- cise in answering. You know what the major unresolved issues are. I think there is little probability of either side conceding on ali of them." Willing to Trade The hint that the Communists are willing to trade on the Russia- airfield problems came in a state- ment by Gen. Hsieh during a brief meeting of the subcommittee on truce supervision. The key sentence, according to Red newsmen, was this; "In order to make progress in these conferences our side consid- ers that your side must first with- draw the demand to interfere in oar internal Conservatives Suffer Setback In British Voting LONDON (n Prime Minister Churchill's Conservative party suf- fered severe setbacks today in local elections that saw the Labor ites pile up surprisingly lopsided victories. The from na tional control last back in yesterday's county voting to show gains throughout all early returns. In th'e important elections for the London County governs the vast Labor 20 from party gained Conservatives few tears, a statement that he paying "the penalty" for doing his duty as he saw it, and a tip to successor: Bring asbestos with you. Newbold Morris, Republican "cleanup chief" for the admin- istration. McGrath fired Morris with 'rare abruptness just before going onto the greased skids him- self. Morris fed pigeons from a park bench for a while, then averred he was fired because he wouldn't turn his corrupfjon-in- government investigation into whitewash. The man at the top, Harry Tru-, man, announced the "resignation" of his 1948 campaign manager; McGrath, as calmly as you please at a turbulent jam-packed conference. Truman said McGran- ery would take over what he called the program. Questioning devel- oped that he meant the the-government program. So- Home to New York goes Morris; his own good Grath was going back to Prov- idence, R.I., after a public career that once seemed pointed toward the Supreme Com one that left him the sixth man to de- part from the Truman Cabinet in a rattle of fireworks. May Call McGrath Both men may be coming back soon under different circum- stances. Rep. Chelf (D-Ky) said his House judiciary subcommittee, which is investigating the Justice Depart- ment, may call for more testimony from McGrath and may want to bear Morris as well. Morris already has given stormy testimony before a Senate com- mittee that wanted to know about his connection with a multi-million dollar deal in wartime surplus tankers. Morris announced he would tell "the people" how he planned to clean up the government; He said in a broadcast interview last night he would make details of his pro- gram public in a speech next week and one from a before the National Press Club lere. "I found no interest in any de-- jartment of the federal govern- ment or any real desire to follow. the President's order" that govern- ment officials co-operate in the cleanup effort, Morris said in the broadcast. He said he had not talked with the President nor been invited to since his dismissal. He left word at the White House he would be available for a talk before be re- turns to New York today, added. Truman said and repeated that McGrath resigned voluntarily. But this tamed out to be just a polite gesture toward a longtime ally., McGrath himself made it plain i a, i.) CABINIT the first 84 results. Thirty-nine more will be settled when the rest of the London votes are counted later today. Inevitable Reaction Conservative leaders said the vote was an inevitable reaction. "Our opponents have exploited the difficulties of the nation for which they themselves are largely said Henry Brooke, leader of the London Council Conservatives. Former Foreign Minister Herb- ert Morrison, who directed the Labor party's campaign, was de- lighted. "Undoubtedly the national politi- cal situation has said. "The Conservatives at he the general election made a lot of false promises and implications- red meat, more food, and tower prices."