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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - April 2, 1952, Winona, Minnesota Fair Tonight And Thursday; Temperature Same River Stage 24-Hour Today 8.41 .81 Year Ago 4.80 .52 IME 52, NO. 39 FIVE CENTS PER COPY WINONA, MINNESOTA, WEDNESDAY EVENING, APRIL 2, 1952 TWENTY-TWO PAGES Taft Wins in Wisconsin. Nebraska Broadfoot Returned To Supreme Court President More Than Meets Eye By JOSEPH and STEWARTALSOP WASHINGTON As readers of that curious book, "Mr. Presi- must be aware, one of Har- ry S. Truman's most strongly marked habits is composing mem- oranda from himself to himself. His purpose is to clarify his views on the questions considered by set- ting them down on paper in logi- cal order. After he has labored through a long and lonely evening on one of these compositions, which he commonly writes in long- hand, he has made up his mind and plainly charted his future MILWAUKEE (Si Grover L. Broadfoot, 59, won the right Tues- day to continue as a supreme court justice until Jan. 1, 1956. Justice Broadfoot, who was ap- pointed to the high court on Nov. 12, 1948 by former Gov. Oscar Ren- nebohm to succeed the late Justice Elmer E. Barlow, defeated Circuit Judge Arold Murphy of Marinette in Tuesday's election. Returns from of the state's precincts gave Broadfoot 130 votes to Murphy's Broadfoot could not run for the balance of Barlow's term before this year because there can not be more than one Supreme Court jus- tice elected in any one year. Formerly of Mondovi He is a graduate of the Univer- sity of Wisconsin Law School and practiced law at Mondovi for many years before being elected to the State Assembly in 1945. He was appointed attorney attorney gener- al in 1948 and served several months before being appointed to the high court. Six circuit court judges also were elected. In the sixth circuit, County Judge Lincoln Neprud, Viroqua, defeated Judge Leonard Roraff, La Crosse, the incumbent. Returns from 156 precincts of 156 in the circuit gave Neprud to 17.536 for Roraff. Roraff was appointed to the post to succeed the late Judge Robert S. Cowie. In the 15th circuit, the incum AEC Seeks Priority for Hydrogen Plant Lack of Steel Holds Up Plans For Construction course. It can now be disclosed on un- doubted authority that the Presi- dent's decision not to run again was first embodied in one of these memoranda from himself to him- self, which he wrote about two years ago. The paper, communi- cated only to the President's clos- est intimates, gave a long series of reasons against seeking a third term and offered none in favor. And ever since setting up this guidepost for himself, the Presi- dent has followed it without devia- tion, except for one brief period of doubt. Promise to Stevenson This interlude of uncertainty, as i was natural, occurred this winter when the deadline of disclosure was approaching. In January, Truman had urged Gov. Adlai K. Stevenson of Illinois to become an active candidate, and had ten- tatively promised Stevenson White House support. Stevenson's refusal to declare himself had disappoint- ed and irritated Truman. He was and is mortally opposed to the t-tndidacy of Sen. Estes Kefauver. He considers that his friend, Sen. Robert Kerr, is unfortunately dis- qualified from being Democratic standard-bea.rer. And because of the threat of a change in Amer- ican foreign policy, the President further believes that the election of Sen. Robert A. Taft will be a bent, Judge Lewis Charles of Med- ford, nosed oui Walter Norlin of Washburn, in returns from 139 o 140 precincts in the circuit, by 10 653 to Charles was appointe- to the post to succeed the late Judge G. N. Risjord of Ashland Two New Circuits Two new circuits were created by the 1951 Legislature. Elections for judgeships there were held Tuesday. One was in the 21st cir- cuit, which is Racine County. El- mer Goodland of Racine won elec- tion there, beating Thorwald Beck, Racine, to The Other new circuit, the 22nd, in Wauke- sha County, found Allen Young of Waukesha the victor over Richard Hippenmeyer, also of Waukesha, to In the sixth branch of Milwau- kee circuit, Francis T. Swietlik, Marquette University professor, de- feated Herbert Schu'Az, to The post is that to be va- cated by Judge John C. Kleczka, who will retire next January. Willie Sutton Gets 30 Years NEW YORK Wl-Bank Robber Willie Sutton was sentenced today as a fourth offender to 30 years to life imprisonment by a judge who said he wished he could sen- tence him to death. Milwaukee Mayor Wins Re-election By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Milwaukee's Frank Zeidler led the -parade of Wisconsin mayors national disaster. i seeking re-election yesterday by With Stevenson reluctant to seek I winm'ng his second term by the the Democratic nomination, with wldest margin in Milwaukee's his- Taft then given by far the best i chance tn CM thr- nnmlnaimn nf! -1 ne Socialist mayor exceeded By FRANK CAREY WASHINGTON Atomic Jnergy Commission, faced with a delay in building its hy- drogen bomb materials plant, is "a higher priority than :ven the military" has on certain .scarce construction items, AEC Chairman Gordon Dean disclosed today. "We're slightly behind schedule at Savannah Dean told the Associated Press in an exclusive interview. He was referring to the big plant, now under construction in South Carolina, where the AEC says it will make materials useable eith- er for A-bombs, the projected H- bomb, or for possible peacetime atomic power. Dean was asked to approve the status of the entire atomic pro- gram after his nearly two years as AEC chairman. Steel Shortage Attributing the Savannah plant situation partly to a shortage of structural steel, since ended, and partly to a shortage of stain- less steel tubing, nickel and cop- per, Dean said he was sure the delay could be overcome if the AEC gets the priority it is after. In the same interview, Dean re- vealed he would like to give the public more information on the power of a bomb exploded at Eni- wetok last year, as a guide to planning "intelligently" for civil defense against atomic attack. But he said that so far "I nave had opposition from military cir- cles." "They (the military) feel that it would give significant military in- formation to the Russians. But I don't think it is sensitive infor- mation. You wouldn't be disclos- ing how the bomb was made." He intimated that a bomb deton- ated at Eniwetok last year was :onsiderably more powerful than ie pioneering bombs dropped on Japan. Dean said the United States is not only increasing its stockpile of weapons, but it is now doing so at a "considerably increased" an- nual rate of production. In answer to a question whether his country holds a lead over Rus- sia both on bomb production and all other aspects of atomic en- ergy. Dean quickly replied: "Oh, sure." Very Able Scientists He offered no amplification ex- cept to say the United States is iware of Russia's uranium re- ources in Czechoslovakia and Sax- my; knows of the "very able dentists in the Russian program md of the German scientists they and knows also the high priority that the Russians ave put into this (atomic) pro- gram." Dean implied that things are be- ginning to look up on the peace- time atomic power front by say- ing that one group of industrialists (not identified) has already ex- pressed "optimism" about being able to produce power economical-1 ly under certain conditions. He ranked this "growing inter- est" of industrialists in the power program as-one of the outstand- ing developments in the atomic field in the last two years or so. The U.S. Submarine Pickerel appears to be leaping completely, out of the water as it surfaces at a 48-degree angle off the Hawaiian island of Oahu. The Pickerel is coming up from a depth of 150 feet. This picture was made by a Navy photographer on an ac- companying submarine. The Pickerel was kept under sonar "observation" as it neared the surface, enabling the photographer to have his camera focused on the approximate spot of the surfac- ing before the Pickerel appeared. (U.S. Navy Photo Via AP Wirephoto to The Republican-Herald) 609 Highway Deaths 77 More Than in '50 ST. PAUL worked overtime on Minnesota highways last year, claiming 77 more traffic fatalities than were counted in 1950. The Traffic and Safety Division of the Minnesota Highway De- partment said today there were 609 deaths in 1951, as compared with 532 the year previous. Besides noting the 14 per cent increase in deaths, the division further observed that all types of motor vehicle accidents increased 1.5 per cent. Non-fatal injuries rose by 2.5 per cent during 1951. In its annual summary, the divi- sion said there was a total of motor vehicle accidents re- ported during 1951. The 1950 total was In the various types of traffic accidents, motor vehicle collisions showed the greatest increase. There were crashes in 1951, above the 1950 total of Collisions represented 85.3 per cent of all motor vehicle accidents re- ported in Minnesota during 1951. Running cars off the roadway appeared to have become more dangerous. Although 205 fewer cars ran off the road in 1951 than in 1950, fatalities resulting from these accidents increased from 106 to 132. There were 149 fewer pedestrian accidents in 1951, 10 less fatalities, and 125 fewer people injured. More than half of the 416 fatal- ities occurring on rural roads were the result of mishaps happening on county and local roads. The divi- sion said these rural roads carry only about 20 per cent of all the traffic in the state and normally at speeds and congestion far be- low that usually found on rural trunk highways. Pictures Russia As Friend o Germ By WILLIAM L. Ryan HELSINKI, Finland Prime Minister Stalin's latest statement may signal an all-out drive by the Communists to picture the Soviet Union as-the only champion of a unified Germany. Stalin said he considers the pres- ent moment opportune for unifica- tion of Germany. He said it 'at a time when the Western Powers are planning to sign a peace contract with West Germany, in token that no final decision is possible in making peace with Germany as a whole. The United States, Britain and France have found it impossible to reach any approach toward such unification that is acceptable both to East and West. The Soviet Un- ion, for one thing, has refused to do business with a United Nations commission designated to find out any chance to get the nomination of the Republicans, and with no other suitable Democratic candidate in sight, the President wavered from his former determination for a few weeks. But even though he thought even the anticipations of his sup- porters by beating Atty. Leonard C. Fons by a margin of better than to 1. A tabulation of 452 of the big city's precincts gave Zeidler votes to for ie could beat Taft if he ran, he Minnesota and New Jersey so young att Orney, Nathaniel A Lem sharply altered the Ohio Senator's kc. who was Carey's first opposi- prospccts. j sjnce 193g Surprised by Announcement The mayor's race at Eagle Ri- It is .in interesting commentary i ver was strictly a write-in affair, on Truman's power to keep his own counsel that the great siince no one had filed as a can-' k..ul Miajui- didate. Otto Scbmitt, local busi- ity of his personal entourage did nessman, got the nod. not have an inkling cf the finality Arthur S. Eyler beat two other of the President's choice, while ev-1 city councilmen to become Spar- en those who were aware the Pres- !ta's ncw mayor, ident had chosen did not think he i would make his announcement last I Saturday evening. Equally, the reasons for not running again, which the President listed back in 1950 arc still of interest as re- WEATHER FEDERAL FORECAST Wjnooa and vealing the peculiar workings tonight and Thursday. Not nis mina. rmuch change in temperature. Low .Naturally, m view of the date, i tonight 30, high Thursday afternoon these reasons did not include the 46. corruption issue, the candidacv ofi General of the Army D. LOCAL WEATHER Eisenhower, the decline m the Official observations for the 24 President's personal popularity. .end'nS at 12 m. today: any of the other current factors j Maximum. 52; minimum, 35; which are supposed to have Precipitation, none; sun D tonight at sun rises to- (Contmued on Page 7, Column 2) I morrow at ALSOPS l Additional weather on Page 18. Is Opening blast of the third atomic series at toe Atomic Energy Commission's Nevada test site about 80 miles northwest of Las Vegas. Photo was made on top of Charles- ton, 55 miles from tie scene. The bomb appeared much smaller than those, fired last year and was apparently dropped from an Air Force B-29. Picture was taken one minute after the blast. (AP if all-German elections can be held fairly and honestly. But the unity theme has a great appeal to Germans, including many in the areas occupied by the I three Western Powers. Thus the Stalin statement, coming on top of Soviet approval of the idea of re- arming a unified Germany, may serve as the starting point for a concerted attack on the govern- ment of Chancellor Konrad Aden- auer. A Germany unified on Moscow terms would create a vacuum in Central Europe despite Soviet claims to the contrary. The Soviet Union, of course, would like to neutralize Western Europe and bog down its building of defense works. Stalin made bis statement on Germany in response to questions sent by a group of U. S. news- paper and radio men on March 24. Stalin also said he considers a third world war no nearer than it was two or three years ago. That is a "welcome mat" for the Inter- national Economic Conference opening' in Moscow tomorrow. This conference is intended to i build a fire under Western gov ernments to turn them away from U. S. leadership and toward th East, for business. Wisconsin Guard iJet Plane Crashes TAYLOR RIDGE, I1L at-An F- Jet airplane of the Wisconsin i Air National Guard broke up in the air yesterday and crashed and I burned on a farm east of here. The pilot, 1st Lt. Kevin P. Lynch, 30. of Blue Mounds (Dane Wis.. was killed. He is survived by his widow and three young children. j Mrs. Fred Miller, a correspon- dent for the Davenport, la.. Times, said she saw "several small pieces faffing from the plane" as it passed over Taylor Ridge at low altitude. "Then a big suppose it was a off and the plane she said. Mrs. Albert Vetter, on whose farm the plane crashed with a "tremendous said it was j burning before it hit the ground Taylor Ridge is in Rock Island County, 12 miles southwest of Rock I Senator Pulls Ahead of Ike in Cornhusker Vote Kerr Concedes Democratic Sweep To Kefauver By DON WHITEHEAD OMAHA WV- Sen. Robert A Taft clung to a small but impor- tant lead in Nebraska's GOP pres- idential popularity contest today with indications he was firmly es- tablished as the front-runner. Taft hung onto his number one spot by about votes after sen. Kerr of Oklahoma conceded his defeat to Sen. Kefauver of Ten- nessee in the Democratic presi- dential primary. Taft swung into the lead in the early morning hours. Before that the lead had switched five times in a dizzy series of changes. But then Taft began to build up a slim but impressive lead. The important thing was that Eisenhower was running out of stronghold precincts while Taft still had many in re- serve. The latest rundown, out of precincts: Taft Eisenhower Stassen, Mrs. Mary Kenny (stand-in for Gen. Douglas MacArthur) Democrats Kefauver Kerr Taft appeared to be winning a least 16 of Nebraska's 18 GOP National Convention delegates based on incomplete returns. On the Democratic side, the pic ture was not as clear-cut on dele gates. Kefauver and Kerr both ap peared to have the support of five delegates among the 12 out in front. The reason Taft appeared t( have such delegate strength wa this: Most of the candidates now in front have said they will abide by the result of the popularity -con test or they have announced pre viously they were for Taft. Percentage-wise, Taft was in Eront in the popular vote with 36 per cent. Eisenhower had 30 per cent and Stassen 25 per cent. Ke- fauver had a solid 58 per cent and" Kerr 41 per cent. The curious thing was that Stas- sen was running third even though his name was on the ballot. Taft and Eisenhower were one-two de- spite the fact that voters had to write in their political oddity unmatched in political his- tory. Kerr Concedes Defeat Kerr conceded his defeat at dawn when he said: 'The senator (Kefauver) evi- dently won the popularity contest, for which I congratulate him." A check of the counties and how they voted told the graphic story of how Taft surged to the front: Taft was carrying 45 of the state's 93 counties, Stassen was ahead in 29 and Eisenhower was leading in on- ly 13. The Eisenhower strength was concentrated heavily in Lan- caster County and in a few west- ern Nebraska centers. A run-down on the -percentage figures in the latest count showed Taft with 36 per cent, Eisenhower with 32 per cent and Stassen with 24 per cent. Again this strongly etched the fact that Stassen had sapped Eisenhower's strength in this race. On the Democratic side, Kefau- ver had a solid 58 per cent to 40 per cent for Kerr. The Republican vote was run- ning two to one above the Demo- cratic vote which is considered normal in this Republican strong- hold. All indications were the vote (Continued on Page 16, Column 2) NEBRASKA Back In Washington after 20 days campaigning in Wiscon- sin, Sen. Robert A. Taft kept close watch on the progress of the presidential primary voting in Wisconsin and Nebraska on the news tickers in the Senate press gallery. Leaders Seek Way to Avoid Steel Strike WASHINGTON WI A nation- wide steel strike next week ap- peared inevitable today unless the government blocks it either by seizing the industry or getting a court injunction against the union. Price Director Ellis Arnall put the government's attitude into these words to newsmen: "I am very, very fearful we arc going to have a steel strike. Tha is, if everyone continues ad amant as to be now.' Arnall's comment came afte long talks with President Ben jamin Fairless of the-U.S. Stee Corp., the biggest producer. Fair less was pleading for price in creases to offset government-sug gested pay boosts for Philip Miir ray's CIO steelworkers. Murray has set a strike of workers in basic steel for April 8. next Tuesday. Negotiations which were to have started in New York Monday never got under way. They await "further develop- ments" from Washington. Murray called the delay "unwarranted." Arnall gave every indication of landing fast against giving the teel industry any special price onsideration. He said his policy ontinues to be that "any industry 'ill get what it's entitled o more." Arnall, head of the Office of 3rice Stabilization, evidently had Truman's backing in olding the price line. Gets 24 Badger Delegates, Six Go to Warren Kefauver Sweeps To Landslide Victory Among Democrats MILWAUKEE UPl-Sen. Robert A. Taft put new power into his drive for the Republican presidential nomination today, winning the vi- ;al Wisconsin primary and taking 24 of the state's 30 delegates. The total vote, exceeding 000, broke all primary records. With 22 precincts still unreport- ed, Taft was leading Gov. Earl Western Wisconsin For a report on the presi- dential primary voting in Buf- falo, Trempealeau and Pepin municipal elec- tions in those turn to page 14. 'hone Tip-Off Helps Police Find Runaway McALESTER! Okla. Wi Albert Washington didn't play hard to get. As a result he's back in custody at the Negro training school for boys. Police were notified the youth had escaped from the school and were asked to pick him up. Chief Roy Anders called the Washington home. "Is Mrs. Washington An- ders asked. "No." was'the reply. "Who's speaking "This is Albert." Aibert barely had the phone on Jie hook before officers knocked at the door. Warren of California by otes. Harold E. Stassen, former overnor of Minnesota, was a dis- ant third. Warren and Stassen, together, racked up a bigger total than Taft's. The senator, at the latest count, was holding 40.6 per cent of all the Republican votes cast. But Taft's 24-G victory in dele- gates was possibly more import- ant, since Wisconsin delegates to the nominating convention pledged to support the winner of the pri- mary. Gov. Warren got the other six, leaving winner in shut out. On the Democratic side. Sen. Estes Kefauver swamped his ri- vals, as expected. The two opposition slates lost much of their drive when Presi- dent Truman, whom they claimed to represent, announced last Sat- urday that he will not be a candi- date again. Kefauver's latest count was 837. It represented 85.3 per cent of the Democratic total. The Ten- nesseean took all 28 Democratic convention delegate votes in tht election. Tabulations for precincts out of in state-wide races to elect 10 Republican delegates-at- large and1 an eight-vote Demo- cratic slate showed: Republicans Taft Warren Stassen Ritter (for MacArthur) Stearns (uninstructed) Democrats Kefauver 837 Fox (uninstructed) Broughton (Tru- man-draft advocate) Taft answered a reporter's tele- hone call to his Washington home ut said he had no comment yet n his victory. Warren said: "Without belittling the vote Sen. Taft received, I am deeply grateful for the confidence the voters of Wisconsin have ex- pressed in me, particularly in view of the fact that I had very little opportunity to become acquainted with them. We made a very mod- est campaign, both in time spent and money expended." Kefauver Plotted Kcfauver commented: "I believe this expression of faith in the principles for which I stand will set the pattern for the nation. We must all put our shoulders to thd wheel and work together so we will elect a Democrat to carry on the principles of the Dem- ocratic party and to continue the progress of the last 20 years." Stasscn said; "Sen. Taft received a setback (Continued on Page 16, Column 5) WISCONSIN Of in Oconto, Wis., went to the poHs by boat to vote in Wisconsin's presidential preference primary. The city was flooded be- cause of ice jamming the Oconto River. Franklin Kiowtiky (left) tad Jack Komahala (extreme rigit) assist Henry Eorknvetz into a Eorkovetz, behind her husband, didn cause she was afraid to get into the Wirepboto) boat Mrs. 't vote be- boat. (AP
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