Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - March 21, 1952, Winona, Minnesota Light Snow Tonight, Early Saturday frlNONA, MINNESOTA, FRIDAY EVENING, MARCH 21, 1952 VOLUME 52, NO. 29 FIVE CENTS PER COPY SIXTEEN PAGES Navy Plane Falls in Gulf, 10 Die Politics at a Glance By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Sen. Robert A. Taft of Ohio, Harold Stassen of Minnesota and Gov. Earl Warren of California campaign in Wisconsin seeking the Republican presidential nomination. Sen. Estes Kefauver of Tennessee and Sen. Robert S. Kerr of Oklahoma campaign in Nebraska seeking the Democratic presi- dential nomination. Maine's Democratic state convention meets to name a 10-vote delegation to the national convention. Sen. Leverett Saltonstall (R-Mass) speaks on behalf of Gen. Dwight D. Eisenhower this afternoon before the Syracuse University mock convention and tonight at Summit, N. J. Ike Sends Note Of Thanks for Minnesota Votes MINNEAPOLIS Dwight D. Eisenhower has sent his thanks to Minnesotans for their unprece- dented write-in support of him in Tuesday's presidential primary. In a cable to Bradshaw Mintener, chairman of Minnesotans for Eisen- hower, the general said: "Just before your telegram ar- rived, I released to the press an informal statement on the astonish- ing primary results in your state, but to you personally and to the more than lOO.'OOO Minnesotans who paid me the great compliment of writing my name' on the ballot, I send a very humble tnank-you. "Mamie (Mrs. Eisenhower) joins me in the best of personal regards." Philip Murray's union jubilantly The cable was signed "Ike." approved a Wage Stabilization Steelworkers Accept Pay Lift Proposal Recommendations Now Await Action By Industry WASHINGTON (0- .Elated CIO Steelw'orkers early today accepted a government pay boost proposal and canceled a weekend strike threat, but a new walkout danger loomed on April 8 if the steel in- dustry turns down the recommen- 'American in Paris' Best Picture dations. Latest returns showed the gener- al got votes, compared with for favorite son Harold E. Stassen in of the state's precincts. NJ. Awaits WordonTaft Withdrawal TRENTON, N. J. notice from Sen. Robert A. Taft was awaited today to determine whether his name actually can be Dodie Smart, a worker in Sen. Robert A. Taft's headquarters in Newark, N. J., starts removing the candidate's-picture from the wall as "Mr. Republican" announces his from the state's presidential preferential primary race. Taft ordered his New Jersey headquarters closed. Taft, Kefauver Lead In Wisconsin Poll ('Editor's note: Wisconsin and Nebraska are the next stops in the -fascinating road show of American politics. Both states hold primary elections April 1. To sound out political sentiment, The Associated Press has asked editors of daily and weekly newspapers in the two states how it looks in their own immediate communities. Here is the first report from Wisconsin. Another Wisconsin roundup will be made a few days before the primary, and a survey in Ne- braska will be reported next week.) By RELMAN MORIN MILWAUKEE WV-A majority of 45 Wisconsin newspaper editors, surveying their own counties, estimate that Sen. Robert A. Taft and Sen. Estes Kefauver hold the edge in popular sentiment, with 12 days of campaigning left before the primary election, April 1. Taft's principal opponents in the Republican primary are Harold Stassen, former governor of and Gov. Earl Warren, of California. Kefauver is campaigning to take the Democratic delegates from two separate slates favorable to President Truman. Most of the editors' reports were TODAY Stevenson Not Eager For Office jy JOSEPH and STEWART ALSOP WASHINGTON The favorite political parlor game these day is guessing what is going on in th mind of President Harry S. Tru man, as he suns himself at Key West. Yet there is a good deal of evidence which suggests that thi guessers are playing the wrong game. They ought to turn their attention instead to what is going on in the mind of Gov. Adlai Stev enson of Illinois, as he carries on his state's business in Springfield For the known facts point rather directly to four conclusions, which can be simply listed as follows: First, President Truman really does not want to run again. Second, he will not run if he can be reasonably sure that Cov. Stevenson will be nomin- ated in his place. Third, Truman will run again rather than see any contender other than Stevenson nominat- ed. Fourth, Stevenson is honest- ly and deeply reluctant to make the race. Consider the facts. In the first place, at least three persons, who undoubtedly carry far more weight with Truman than any number of White House hangers-on, have con- (Continued on Page 9, Column 3.) ALSOPS before the Minnesota pri- In that election, Gen. made mary. Dwight D. Eisenhower rolled up more than votes, all of them write-ins since he was not entered in the race. Ike Not Entered Eisenhower is not entered in Wisconsin either, but the impact of his Minnesota showings, editors said, could cause changes in their respective counties. Their reports showed popular sentiment apparently favoring Taft in 34 counties. Stassen and Warren were reported favorites in four counties each. In two, although he is not entered, Eisenhower was de- scribed as the favorite. One editor said he was unable to estimate Republican sentiment in his coun- ty. withdrawn from the New Jersey Republican Presidential Primary ballot. Meanwhile, the verbal battle be tween Gov. Alfred E. Driscoll and the Ohio senator brought further consolidation of the state's Eisen- hower forces and a suggestion that Driscoll be a candidate for vice president on the general's ticket. Driscoll last night denied Taft's accusations that he had broken his word to remain neutral by coming out for Eisenhower. He said he thought Taft was "ill-advised or misinformed or else he would not have withdrawn from the fight." No Speeches As it stands now, Taft has an- nounced that he will not make any speeches in the state and has or- dered his headquarters and cam- paigners to cease operations. He charged Driscoll with "politi- cal trickery" in throwing the weight of the state's GOP organi- zation behind Eisenhower and said the April 15 presidential preference poll was no longer a fair contest. But Secretary of State Lloyd B. Marsh says he must have an offi- cial statement of withdrawal from Taft before he can take action to get his name off the ballot. Mean- while, he ordered county clerks to hold up final makeup of the ballots. State officials said they believed the March 12 deadline for candi- dates to withdraw from the poll was just an advisory date. Some political observers have charged that Taft was afraid of an out and out fight in the New Jersey last direct Taft-Eisenhower contest in the na- tion's 16 primaries. Setbacks Cited Driscoll said Taft's withdrawal statement was made because of Board (WSB) plan for settling the steel labor dispute which has been going on since last November. Voted by public and labor mem- bers over stiff industry objections, it calls for a three-installment pay boost that will eventually total 17% cents an hour, plus other conces- sions including the union shop. The union had asked for 18Vi cent hourly pay boosts with other concessions estimated to bring the overall increased costs to around 35 cents an hour. Steel companies gave no immed- iate reaction to the WSB plan, promising to do so later today. But WSB's industry members ear- lier denounced the proposal in a blistering statement as unfair and inflationary. Murray, announcing his fourth delay in strike plans, called for renewed negotiations starting Mon- day with steel companies here and at Pittsburgh. The chief of both the CIO and the million-member Steelworkers union said if no settlement with steel firms is reached by April 4, the unions will give 96 hours notice and strike April 8. Thus if the industry refuses to go along with the WSB recommen- dations an eventual strike appears inevitable. The steel firms have claimed all along they could grant no wage boosts unless they were accompanied by compensat- Bogart and Vivien Leigh Judged Year Top Performers as Scarlett O'Hara in 1939. ments in the art of choreography It was a sentimental year and on film.'r ing price increases. Steelmakers have said an ex- the senator's successive setbacks in New Hampshire and Minne- sota. In Wisconsin, Taft's only public reference to the situation yester- day was that he "pulled out for the purpose of devoting fulltime campaigning in pected 52-a-ton additional price al- lowance is too little to cover an- ticipated extra labor costs. The statement of WSB industry members said the proposals are "union appeasement" and estimat- ed they would cost the steel in- dustry 30 cents an hour direct added labor costs immediately ant eventually 60 cents. These figures were disputed by WSB Chairman Nathan P. Fein- singer who estimated the WSB's public-labor majority recommen- dations would cost only about 5 cents hourly added labor cost, in addition to the pay boost. Steelworkers presently have av- erage earnings including overtime of close to an hour. Their pay rates average about S1.81 an hour, -anging from to about WEATHER PEDERAL FORECAST Winona and and little change in temperature tonight and Saturday. Occasional light snow late tonight and early Sat- urday. Low tonight 30, high Satur- Vivien Leigh In Cleopatra Role HOLLYWOOD A sentiment- al and happy Hollywood rejoiced today with Oscar winner Hum- phrey Bogart, the people's choice, but the town was still stunned over "American in Paris" copping the best picture award. Of the top three awards, Vivien Leigh was the only favorite to come through. Her performance as the tarnished Southern belle in "A Streetcar Named Desire" won her the best actress award. It was her second victory. Her first was Bogie summed it up best himself: "I have been around a long time. Maybe the people like me." Boatskipper Role Best Bogie's performance as the un- shaven boatskipper in "The Afri- can Queen" was the popular choice. It brought down the house of ermined and white tied movie- land elite who attended the cere- mony at the Pantages Theater. Karl Maiden, the disillusioned lover of won the award for the best supporting act- or and Kim Hunter, the wife in won the best support- ing actress plum. They were fav- orites. The biggest upset of the night, if not in years, was the victory for "American in Paris." It was the first out and out musical ever to win the grand prize. Most ex- perts figured it last in their selec- tions. A good musical, it was not classed in the same breath with "Streetcar" and "A Place in the Other Awards The musical also won Oscars in these categories: Costume design, art direction, set decoration, cinematography fall these in color musical scor- ing, story-and-screenplay. In addition to these, Gene Kelly, the picture's star, won an honorary award for his "brilliant achieve- Bogart's win was partly due to sentiment and partly due to old fashioned campaigning. While fa- vored Marlon Brando cavorted around Europe, Bogie put on a whirlwind campaign. He hired a personal press agent and sold the academy members on Bogart. The 51-year-old Bogart once call- ed Academy Awards "silly" but not this one. He said he was going to take it home and "put it on a table." Seek Bodies In Sea Off Texas Port Humphrey Bogart Senate Approves Jap P eace Pact WASHINGTON Senate has overwhelmingly approved a generous peace treaty with Japan six and one-half years after the sur- render In Tokyo Bay ended World War -II. Thirty-eight Democrats and 28 Republicans supported the treaty late yesterday as it rolled up a 66 to 10 favorable vote, far more than day 36. LOCAL WEATHER Official observations for the 24 hours ending at 12 m. today: Maximum, 40; minimum, 31; noon, 40; precipitation, none; sun sets tonight at sun rises to- morrow at Additional weather on page 3. Truman Plans No Clearer Than Before KEY WEST, Fla. President Truman's 1952 political plans were more clouded than ever today as a result of his public rebuke of party Chairman Frank E. McKin- ney. Whatever else may be deduced from his news conference here yes- terday, Truman left three things clear: 1. He still is considering seeking another term. 2. He still considers himself the boss of the party and isn't letting anyone else speak for him. 3. He will make his 'decision and his announcement in his own good time, despite pres- sure from Democrats in and out Congress for an early decision. The sharp differences between what McKinney told newsmen here Wednesday and what the President reported to the same group Thurs- day puzded politicians as well as eporters. the required two-thirds. One Democrat, McCarran (D- who often opposes adminis- tration policies, and nine Republi- cans voted against it. Only the formality of the sign- ing of a proclamation by the Presi- dent remains before the United States completes its action to end the state of war with its once bitter foe. 7 Nations Must 0. K. Pact The documeLt provides that it must be approved by at least sev- en of 12 nations, all with vital in- terests in the Pacific. So far it has been approved by five of these, in addition to the United States. They are: Great Britain, Australia, New Zealand, Ceylon and Japan itself. Yet to act are Canada, France, Indonesia, The Netherlands, Pakistan and the Philippines. The Senate yesterday also ap- proved three Pacific security pacts which the administration has said were of equal importance. Those with the Philippines and with Australia and New Zealand went through quickly on voice On the Democratic side, 22 edi- tors said Kefauver appears to be leading the President, 13 reported Truman is ahead, and 10 said they could not gauge the Democratic contest Of the 45 reporting, seven listed themselves as supporting Taft, three are backing Stassen, "and two are for Eisenhower. The sur- vey included 23 daily newspapers and 22 weeklies or semi-weeklies, spread over nearly two-thirds of the state's 72 counties. Editors Cautious Along with their reports of 'grass roots" popularity, many of the editors expressed cautious qualifications, such "It may be a close race between 'aft and Stassen. Taft has been ahead but opinion seems more 'venly divided after hearing both andidates Taft has strong egular Republican backing bat people supporting Warren are ood vote-getters and may pull a surprise .Although Republican eaders favor Taft, Warren may apture a larger vote among for- mer Progressives than is ez- jected." where the primary will be held votes. But the pact with Japan pro- duced some debate and a roll call vote in which it was approved 58 to 9. Railroader Drowns In Water Tank ALBANY, N. Y. locomotive fireman died last night in a fall through one of the openings of the water tank on a loco- motive tender he had just filled. Authorities said James W. Ken- dricks, 45, of BalLston Spa, had slipped or fallen while atop a Dela- ware and Hudson tender. The body was recovered after the water was drained from the Budget Cut Faces Test In House WASHINGTON A budget- cutting drive in the House faced its acid test a -recom- mended cut of in the Veterans' Administration's funds. That's the a mount" the House Ap- propriations Committee said should be trimmed from the President Truman requested for the VA for the year starting July 1. Friends of the VA claim the cut would have a disastrous effect. Rep. Thomas chairman of the subcommittee that wrote the bill, says it wouldn't. Efforts to restore all or part, of the committee reduction will be made today when the House re- sumed consideration of a bin financing the VA and a score of other federal agencies. It chopped the bill substantially yesterday, cutting the public hous- ing program to new units and refusing to restore any of the 174 million dollar committee slash in the Atomic Energy Commission budget. But funds for veterans' pose a political problem to House mem- bers in an election year in which al' 435 seats are at stake. embers seeking restoration of part of the VA cut claim to have a letter from Carl Gray, VA ad- ministrator, saying the committee action would mean, a reduction of personnel, including about 000 in the department of medicine and surgery. Unless more money is provided, they say, the VA will have to close down some of its hospitals or de- lay the opening of new ones, be- sides shutting down contact offices in almost every state. "Not an essential activity direct- ly affecting a veteran will be af- fected by our Thomas told newsmen. "None of the ac- tual benefits have been reduced. We were aiming at the excessive overhead." The budget-cutters had their way yesterday, trimming more than five million dollars from the bfll in addition to cuts recommended by the Appropriations Committee. Mac Would Dutifully Serve if Called by People Blind and Helpless from an incurable disease, EHen McGuiggan, 31, smiles up at President James L. Merrill of the University of Minnesota from her stretcher, carried onto the stage so she could receive ter diploma as one of the 480 win- ter quarter graduates. Miss McGuiggan studied 12 years with the aid of readers for her psychol- ogy degree. (AP Wirepboto to The Eepublican- Herald) NEW YORK Douglas HacArthur says there is "no in- consistency whatsoever" between bis statement in 1948 that he would not shrink from any public call to duty and his current unwilling- ness to allow his name to be used in party primaries. MacArthur made the declaration last night in a statement saying he neither directly nor indirectly ap- proved any move to put his name forward for the Republican presi- dential Domination in the April 1 Wisconsin primary. The previous statement to which he referred was issued by him March 9, 3948, in Tokyo while be was U. S. Far Eastern commander. In that statement, issued 'in re-1 gard to GOP nominating petitions filed for him in the Wisconsin April primary that year, Mac- Arthur said: "I would be recreant to all my concepts of good citizenship were I to shrink because of the hazards and responsibilities involved from accepting any public duty to which I might -be called by the American people." UacArtbmr also said at that time: "J do not actively covet or seek any ofSce." A number of similar statements have been made by MacArthur since he returned to this country following his caster from his Far Eastern commands by President Tramanv Privateer Plunges After Take-off From Corpus Christ! CORPUS CHRISTI, Tex. aboard were believed killed early today when a four-engine Navy Pri- vateer plunged into the Gulf of Mexico a few minutes after it took off from Corpus Christi Na- val Air Station. Ten officers, two ca- dets and four enlisted aboard. Hours after the crash, which occurred about 1 a.m., no survivors had been found and no bodies had been recovered. A Navy spokesman said the plane "apparently disintegrated" when it struck the water in a roaring crash. Debris was scattered over a wide area and strong surface winds hindered the search for sur- vivors or bodies. Large Floodlights At least one plane, flown by Commander Frank Screws, NAS operations officer and Lt. Comm. B. M. Dyer, plus all available crash boats from the air station joined in the search of the crash area. Large floodlights from- the shore were trained on the choppy water. It was Dyer, assistant operations officer, who first reported the crash of the big craft, called the P4Y-2 by the Navy. He said saw it going down behind the of- ficers' housing area back of the naval base. It had taken off a few minutes before for Alameda, Calif., on a routine training flight. R. M. McDonald, a seaman in the NAS operations department, watch- ed the plane go down from a win- dow when he heard it-pass over his home at a very low altitude. Slight Climb "When I saw McDonald said, "It seemed to be in a slight climb, but engines seemed to be missing fire. "It. made a 75 to 90-degree he continued, "nosed down and then spun to the left." Seconds after he watched it pass from sight behind buildings at the air station he heard it crash with a roaring boom. No reason for the crash had been advanced by naval authorities. A base public information officer said a passenger list and names of the crew would be released later. "We will start notifying next-of- kin soon after daylight makes the search for bodies or survivors more he said. Sabre Jet Pilots Hit 13 MIGs in 40-Minute Battle SEOUL, Korea Sa- bre pilots destroyed or damaged 13 to 18 Red jets in a series of fights Thursday climaxed by his- tory's longest jet battle. Darkening skies prevented exact assessment of results of a 40-min- ute dogfight over North Korea. But pilots of F-86 Sabre jets said they damaged at least three MIG- 15s and possibly eight. In two earlier engagements Thursday the Sabres reported they shot down five MIGs and damaged five. In the 40-minute battle 28 Sabres tangled with 40 MIGs in a fight running over 70 miles from Sinan- ju to the Yalu Eiver border with Manchuria. The longest previous jet battle lasted 35 minutes. The fight brought the Sabres' three-day record to at least 31 and possibly 36 Red jets bit, including 11 shot down. The Air Force said the bag of Red warplanes now stands at 232 destroyed, 39 probably destroyed and 426 total of 697. Fifth Air Force mounted 969 sorties Thursday, seven more than its previous record set April 30. 1951. Far East Air Force planes cut rails in 100 places, destroyed 105 trucks, 12 gun positions, four sup- ply dumps, two rail bridges, 25 bonkers and destroyed or damag- ed 75 supply buildings. Marine pilots also set a record with 726 sorties. The leatherneck- fliers dropped tons of bombs and napalm on sprawling Red sup- ply area near Karhwa. Carrier-based planes scored 138 rail cuts along the North Korea's east coast The carrier Philippine Sea returned to action during the day, joining the TJ.S.S. Valley- Forge. Off the west coast, aircraft from tie British carrier HMS Glory at- tacked sampans, buildings, rail lines and gun Surface vessels stood off both coasti of Korea and, hammered Bed tufctf ashore.