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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - March 12, 1952, Winona, Minnesota or Snow With Strong Winds Tonight VOLUME 52, NO. 21 FIVE CENTS PER COPY W1NONA, MINNESOTA, WEDNESDAY EVENING, MARCH 12, 1952 TWENTY PAGES N. H. La ndsI ide f or I ke; Kef auver Tips Truman Campaign Workers of Sen. Estes Kefauver (D-Tenn) cheer his victory as he embraces his wife this morning. Kefauver at the time was leading Truman by votes, to The Republican-Herald.) (A.P. Wirephoto TODAY French May Yield To Reds By JOSEPH and STEWART ALSOP WASHINGTON are more ways than one-for the Com- munists to gain control of south- east Asia, which would confront the Western world with a worse disas- ter even than the loss of China. One way is by simple open ag- gression against Indochina, which is the key to southeast Asia. An- other way is for .the'French, who been carrying the brutal bur- den of the- war in Indochina for six'years now, simply to throw up their hands in despair and to de- cide to cut their losses there. The first possibility chiefly wor- ried the American policymakers up to a few weeks ago. It is the second possibility which has now become the subject of anguished concern, especially since the re- cent French crisis, the most dan- gerous since the war. Talk of Settlement Already, in influential French government and military circles, there is much talk of preaching a "settlement" with Indochina's Communist chief, Ho Chi-Minh, and his Chinese Communist back- ers. No one in Paris is quite so wishful as to believe that Ho Chi- Minh and the Chinese Commu- nists can somehow be persuaded simply to call off the Indochinese war. But it is significant that the kind of deal which the Commu- nists might actually accept is be- ing discussed in some detail. What is being discussed is a set- tlement superficially comparable to the proposed Korean truce. The French would retire to an easily defensible pass called the "Col des New Red Scheme Rejected by U. N. well down the Indochi- nese coast, above Hue, and near the 16th parallel, Hanoi, and the vital, rich delta area would be turned over to the Communists, while Saigon and the South re- mained in French and Nationalist hands. Thus the terrible drain of the Indochinese war could be reduc- ed, and most of the or so French troops in Indochina could be sent back to strengthen North Africa and France itself. This would, of course, constitute in it- self another major Communist vic- tory, with repercus- sions. But the greatest danger is that Laos, now safely non-Com- munist, would be sacrificed, and most of the long border between Slight Improvement Noted in Attitude f Of Negotiators By ROBERT B. TUCKMAN MUNSAN, Ko'rea ffiU-Allied truce negotiators today rejected a new Red scheme to let Russia examine American secret weapons. U.N. negotiators said the Com- munist plan "amounted to a forced gathering of military intelligence" neutral inspection teams super- vising a Korean armistice. Under the Red proposal these teams would'include Russia. Allied negotiators also rejected a prisoner .exchange plan they said the Communists anx- ious" to put over. Hear Adm. R. E. Libby said "it could be a trap." In any event, it did not include voluntary repatriation on which the Allies insist. Despite the dual rejection, U.N. spokesmen noted an improved tone in truce talks after recent days of bitter exchanges. Brig. Gen. William P. Niickols, official U.N. Command spokesman, said the Reds showed "they recog- nize the fact that this is an armi- stice in Korea" and apparently abandoned an attempt to ban Al- lied blockades of the China Coast. Col. Andrew J. Kinney, U.N. staff officer, said Communists in- dicated a desire to talk "a little further" about supervising an ar- mistice. This was reflected in the length of Wednesday's session. It lasted one hour and 13 minutes, compared to a combined total of 13 minutes for the three previous meetings this week. In this session North Korean Col. Chang Chun San made the move to take the wraps off secret equip- ment. He proposed that any mem- ber of neutral inspection teams could require the entire team to examine any equipment brought to Korea during the truce. Kinney said nothing doing. "Our main point was that we didn't want to involve personnel .of neutral teams in what amounted to a forced gathering of military intelli- gence." The Allies seek inspection of Indochina and feeble Siam ex- posed. In brief, any such deal with the Communists would in aU likelihood be the beginning of the end for southeast Asia, and ulti- mately, no doubt, for all Asia. Yet it is not enough to give (Continued on 15, Column 5.) ALSOPS Srassen Pleased With N.H. Voting WASHINGTON W- GOP presi- dential candidate Harold E. Stas- scn said last night he was and encouraged" by the New Hampshire vote and declared primary increases the importance of "other primaries soon to take place in Minnesota, Wisconsin and Illinois. He added: '1 am flying out to Wisconsin this morning (Wednesday) to be- gin my Wisconsin campaign, car- rying the issues "to the people in every.'-part of the .state, where I do have a complete slate of dele- entered." equipment only to make sure it is a replacement. Kinney said Chang indicated the Reds won't press for a sweeping ban on naval blockades. Previously the Reds tried to omit the word "Korea" from a para- graph providing there would be no blockade of Korea during an armi- stice. The U.N. Command had in- terpreted this as a move to keep any Allied naval force from block- ading the China Coast. "We want to be Kinney Plot to Put RedsinU.5. Army Revealed BALTIMORE of six de- fendants in the Baltimore Commu- nist conspiracy trial has been linked to a Red plot party members into" the-U.-S. Army for -military in case" of world revolution. Moscow-trained" Philip Frankfeld yesterday was identified as one of a group which had that task by Paul Crouch, an ex-Red who said be shared the assignment. Crouch testified he helped formu- late the plan after his release from Alcatraz, where he was sent in 1924 as a result of a court martial in Hawaii. The witness said he was tried for helping to form a unit of the Young Communist League among fellow soldiers. Crouch told the federal court jury he served three years of a 40-year sentence imposed upon him at the court martial. The former peacetime soldier took the plan to Moscow, in 1927 where, he testified, "three mem- bers of the Russian general including a Marshal Dubashevsfcy, revised it materially. After he brought the blue print back to New York several months later, Frankfeld and other mem- bers of the Young Communist League helped in the administra- tion, Crouch said. The plan called for sending party men into the services to organize cells, receive military training and undermine service morale. Train Crews Return on N.Y. Central Most of. Strikers Reported Back on Jobs CLEVELAND crews, many muttering angrily at a strike-ending court order, clamb- ered back aboard locomotives and cars of the New York Central sys- tem at the key rail point in Toledo, O. On the first day of operation following a three-day strike on its line west of Buffalo, the railroad said most of the disappointed striking conductors, engineers and firemen had obeyed a back-to- work directive from their brother- hood leaders. Lots of them- did this grudgingly, knowing they had gained nothing from the walkout, the road and brotherhoods conceded. Revolt in Toledo In Toledo there was outright revolt. Five hundred die-hard strikers shouted down a brother- hood officer urging them to re- turn, quit their brotherhoods in a body, and decided to form a new union. The new organization would be called the Model Railroad Club. "Mad wasn't the word for those said H. A. Porch, interna- tional-vice'president of the brother- hood of .Locomotive Firemen and Enginemen, telling about how he was- hooted down at last night's meeting. The Toledo strikers, however, decided they would see how they felt about the matter this morn- ing. They wfll hold another vote time by secret ballot. If they persist in remaining on strike, a road spokesman said, the NYC could be forced to route through -trains to Chicago by way of Canada. Want Assurance In Elkhart, Ind., union leaders still were trying to persuade the strikers to go back, early today. Charles O'Day of Washington, rep- resenting the firemen, said: "The assurance for dispute, which Mother, Five Children Die In N.Y. Fire WALKER VALLEY, N. Y. woman and five-of her nine chil- dren were burned to death in a fire which destroyed their home early today. The father, Harry Polhamus, and three other children were taken to a hospital for treatment of burns. One child in the family escaped injury. So did a family of six living in the other side of the two-family frame house. Origin, of the blaze was not determined. First names and ages of the vic- tims were not known by authori- ties. Strike Feared Despite Steel Price Increase By NORMAN WALKER WASHINGTON govern- ment may come up today with a decision on the price phase of the steel industry labor dispute, but it was questionable whether it would avoid a strike. :The chief of one of the big steel companies, Adm. Ben Moreel of Jones Langhlin Company, warned that, if the allowable price, boost is not big enough, the com- panies facedVeithera strike or go- ing broke "by inches." The situation was this: 1. The steel industry's Price Ad- visory Committee had a date with the Office of Price Stabilization to- day. It was indicated OPS would men want some settlement of this has been pending for more than Morris Blasts Senate Probers said, "that any commitment of the U.N. Command is clearly under- stood and stipulated as applying only to Korea." In an adjoining truce ,tent at Pan- munjom, Adm. Libby again re- jected a Communist proposal to ex- change prisoners on the basis of information already supplied. Libby said it was turned down be- cause it did not provide for volun- tary repatriation. B WEATHER FEDERAL FORECAST Winona and to heavy rain or snow tonight Strong shifting winds tonight Rain or snow early Thursday and be-i coming colder Thursday afternoon. Low tonight 34, high Thursday 33. LOCAL WEATHER Official observations for the 24 hours ending, at 12 m. today: Maximum. 41; 2-1; noon, 39; precipitation, none; sen sets tonight at son rises to- morrow at j Additional weather on page 17. WASHINGTON tfl Newbold Morris cried out at a Senate in- vestigation today that he was being subjected to "character de- and blasted at "these diseased minds in this chamber." He told the Senate investigations subcommittee looking into his role in ship deals and trade with Red "Down here in Washington in the last three years you have created an atmosphere so vile, that people have lost confidence in their government." He aimed his remarks squarely at Senators McCarthy (R Mundt (R and Nixon (S- and -told Nison: "Over a period of months I've resented aspersions yon have cast at me. I'm glad of this opportunity to tell you to your face." Morris had just completed his scheduled testimony with denials that he had done anything wrong in the ship deals or in connection with oil shipments, to Bed China by a shipping firm with which he has ties. He had declared, too, that it was solely on "points of law" that he got of fines against the shipping company cot to Sentenced Spies Appeal NEW YOBK spies Ju- lius and Ethel Rosenberg, sentenc- ed to die for plotting to transmit secrets to Russia, have petitioned the U. S. Circuit Court of Appeals for a new hearing. two years." Picket lines also were main- tained for hours and angry meet- ings were conducted at such points as Cleveland, Niles, Mich., Buf- falo and Chicago last night before it was decided to quit striking. The return-to-work order was sent out by strike leaders a few hours following Federal Judge Emerich B. Freed's granting of a restraining order yesterday to the Army, which has controlled the railroads since Aug. 1950. propose a a ton or. less price boost under the Capehart formula compensate firms for cost in- creases from the start of the Ko- rean War to mid-1951. Strike Date March 23 2. The CIO United Steelworkers, seeking to enforce demands for higher wages, prepared for a strike at midnight, March 23, when the union's latest contract extension runs out. 3. The union's an hourly pay boost on work- er earnings now averaging about an hour, along with other con- before the Wage Sta- bilization Board. Some sources ex- pect a WSB decision in 10 days or so. fi Steel men looked for a WSB Gen. Dwight D. Eisenhower has a big grin and a greeting at Frankfurt airport today for Francis Grandy, the Stars and Stripes photographer who last year took the now-famous picture of Eisenhower's "I'll Be Darned" expression when Ike heard 'of Gen. MacArthur's dismissal. Between them is Kenneth Zuzwalt, managing editor of Stars and Stripes. Gen. Eisenhower, arriving in Germany for a meeting, of NATO military leaders, said he was proud so many New Hampshire voters think he is "fit for the presidenfcy." (A.P. Wirephoto to The Republican-Herald.) Ike Victory Wrecks Tali's Chances for 1st Ballot Nomination By JACK BELL MANCHESTER, N. H. Dwight D. Eisenhower's primary sweep.over Sen.'Taft (R-Ohio) and President Truman's upset.defeat by Senator Kefauver (D-Tenn) may alter the presidential race sharply. The outcome of yesterday's first 1952 GOP ballot test points to a bitter fight between Eisenhower: and Taft forces at conventions in such states as Iowa and; Michigan, climaxed by another head-on meet- recommendation calling for an in- crease of 15 to 20 cents an hour. They matched it against an ex- pected Capehart Amendment allow- ance of a claimed they need a to' price rise to make a deal. Demand Price Boost Adm. Moreel, chairman of J L's board of directors, told newsmen last night that steel need- ed compensating prices for any pay boost or the industry couldn't keep going. He said J L, as many another steel firm, had heavily increased its debt to meet government steel production and expansion goals, and thus needed revenues suffi- cient to pay off the obligation. Asked what would happen if the steel industry was faced with a recommended wage boost outdis- Newbold Morris, the govern- ment cleanup man, talks on the witness stand in Washing- ton Tuesday, just before start- ing his testimony before Senate investigators to defend' his role in big "ships deals and trading with the Chinese Reds. Morris heads the China Inter- national Foundation, Inc., whose subsidiary, United Tank- er Corp., hauled oil to the Communists in ships flying the U.S. flag nntil a month before the Korean con- flict started in June, 135Q. (CAP Wirepfcoio) tancing an allowable price in- crease, Moreel said: "We have two alternatives: One is to accept the wage recommen- dation aad die by inches. The other is to refuse to raise wages and face a strike, closing down our plants." Boy Who Got Cards, 'Letters Dies MILWAUKEE Ten-year-old John Simasko, who got post- cards, letters and presents last Christmas from newspaper read- ers who learned of .his incurable cancer, died yesterday. Cancer struck John last August His parents, Mr. and Mrs. Em3 Simasko, appealed to the public to send him Christmas anj greet- ing cards: Dairy Support Bill WASHINGTON Hum? fR-Wis) introduced a biB yester- day calling for price support for milk and other dairy products-in- cluding ca or purchases of edible nonfat dry miQc at IS cents per pound." Hampshire's delegates and his de- feat in the popularity contest was a teeth-rattling blow at a time when he believed his vigorous campaigning was going to pan vot- ing' gold. He had predicted the election oj four of his delegate candidates and said be would make a horse race out of the preference test. The Ohio senator has a chance to show his vote-getting prowess in the April 1 Wisconsin primary, but there he is matched with only minor candidates. They are former Gov. Harold E. Stassen of Minnesota, whose poor showing in New Hampshire will hurt him elsewhere, and Gov. Earl Warren of California, who popu- larity outside his home state is un- tested in 1952. New Jersey Next The real test for Taft will be his primary meeting with Eisea< hpwer in New Jersey. In the mean- time, he must continue to carry what he has plainly shown is the irksome irarden of his opponents' assertions that be can't win an election outside of Ohio.: Eisenhower's New Hampshire victory may make it easier for some Republican leaders to aban- don their fence positions and make op their It win Make it more difficult for Taft's forces to recruit them. Toe results here will be seized upon by Tail's opponents as an indication they should press their fight on his foreign policy views. Gov. Sherman Adams, who led the Eisenhower delegate ticket, cafled. Ttft an "isclatwaist" i ing of the two in the April 15 New Jersey primary. It apparently destroys an chance Taft may have had for quick nomination at the July Chi cago convention, despite his lead ir the national delegate race. Kefauver's amazing sweep of th preferential (popularity) ballotin and the eight-vote Democratic con vention delegation could mean th propulsipn of Truman into the rac for another term. .Eisenhower's approximately 10 000-vote margin in the popularity test with Taft, plus his collection the state's 14-vote delegation, is ac cepted in some quarters as an in dication that the general won' have to come home -from Europ to campaign. He has shown no signs, of doing so, or even of preparations to ap- pear before Congress to testify on foreign aid problems, as Sen. Me Mahon (D-Conn) has requested formally. Blow to Taft Despite the general's victory there will remain some -of his camp who wfll continue to praj for his return. Some think he could have won by an even wider mar gin if he bad been here to cam paign. To. Taft the loss of all of New Red Inquiry May Be Moved To Washington By FELIX B. WOLD DETROIT. Communism investigators were set to wind up their bearing in Detroit today, but with the chance it might be car- ried over to Washington. On the heels of yesterday's stormy session the group from the louse Un American Activities Committee was reported thinking of an added session in Washington. Walter Reuther, president of the 310 United Auto Workers, whose Ford Local 600 has been described as Communist controlled, might then be asked to testify as he re- quested last week. One congressman's charge of damn lie' against a witness and repeated gavel-pounding by Chair- man Wood (D-Ga) marked a tur- bulent session yesterday. Watts of Ford Local 600, Georgia born Negro, accused lep. Potter (R-Mich) of advoca- ing lynching in a speech. The con- gressman flung back, "That's a iamn lie." Earlier, auto unionist Lee Ro- mano had testified that a compar- ative handful of Communists con- trolled Ford Local 600 by being able to "influence" its and policy-making bodies. The lo- al, with members, is re- mted to be the world's largest ocal union. General Gets 14 Delegates, Shuts Out Taft Eisenhower Margin More Than Most Followers Expected By RELMAN MORIN MANCHESTER, N. H. Dwight D. Eisenhow- er and Sen. Estes Kefauver scored grand-slain victories in the New Hampshire presi- dential primary today, crushing Sen. Robert A. Taft and President Truman, and capturing every dele- gate race. The results of the election, stunning to both major par- ties, can cause a complete re-drafting of strategy for the pre- sidential election in November. This was the nation's first pri- mary. Eisenhower swamped Taft in tht preferential vote, the by some votes to the senator's He took 50 per cent of the GOP total, and led Taft by more than twice as many ballots as las most sanguine ad- mirers had expected. Kefauver took on the Democra- tic machine in New Hampshire, ap- parently wrested away thousands of labor union votes, and emerged with, a score .of roughly egainst Truman's All of ;the ftate'i 297 precincts lad reported-at 9 a. m., but trend was established some hours earlier and remained fairly stint' thereafter.' -V Eisenhower won all 14 Republi- can delegates. Kefauver won all 32 Democratic delegates, -who have eight conven- tion votes. The total vote approximated and exceeded die total in the 1948 primary by upwards of Heavy rains, with snow at many points, apparently bad little, if any, effect on the turnout With all of the state's 297 pre- cincts reported, the Republican totals were: Eisenhower StasMn MacArthur Warren 153 In the Democratic Race: Kefaover Truman Eisenhower's margin nearly don- bled the most optimistic predic- tion of any of his followers. That was Most estimates bad him winning by less than As to delegates, the consensus before the election was that he would take 12. Sen. Taft had said he would be satisfied to win four. In" terms of pre-election fore- casts, Kefauver's victory over the President was even more stunning. The Tennessean made modest not for a the popular vote, and said he be- lieved he would win "some dele- gates." Ike Pleased In Frankfurt, Germany, Eisen- hower said, when told the returns, "Any American who is honored by so-many other Americans consid- ering him fit for the presidency should be proud, or, by golly, be is no American." Kefauver said, "I am entirely elated over the results. I don't think this is a protest vote against President Truman, because in general I agree with Mr. Truman." The' senator added that he intends to enter as many, primaries es possible. Neither the President, (Continued on 17, Cekimn 5.) ELICT1ON Ike Proud of Votes Given Him in N. H. PARIS Dwight Ejsen- ower said he was proud of the support New Hampshire gave him in the presidential pri- mary there yesterday. .Reporters showed him the pri- mary returns this morning at Orly leM prior to his takeoff on a ight. to Germany. Asked to comment, be 'Any American who would have other .Americans pay! that compliment .would be proud or he would not be American." Eisenhower left for Bad Nau- heim to spend the day at COB- ference planning for Allied in Europtv He is due to return to Parit to- night Asked for comment on the pro- posal ia Washington yesterday bj Sen. Xeltahoo (D-Coon) enixwer be called borne to tettify; on the mutual security prOfrun, the general do not know vytobg abettt i
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