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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - March 10, 1952, Winona, Minnesota Occasional Rain, Snow Tonight; Fair on Tuesday VOLUME 52, NO. 19 FIVE CENTS PER COPY WINONA, MINNESOTA, MONDAY EVENING, MARCH TO, 1952 EIGHTEEN PAGES Batista Seizes Power in Havana Record N.M. Vote Tuesday Outcome May Hold Fate of Eisenhower Main Test of Strength Seen Witfi Sen. Taft By R ELM AN MORIN CONCORD, N. H. UK New Hampshire voters heard the clos- ing arguments today before the na- tion's first presidential primary, an election that may be the turn- ing-point in the political future of Gen. Dwight D. Eisenhower. A record vote, stirred by the furious campaigning, is expected when the polls open Tuesday morn- ing. This is the first big test in the effort of Eisenhower's supporters to make him the Republican can- didate. Taft Chief Opponent His principal opponent here is Sen. Robert A. Taft of Ohio, "Mr. Republican" to millions of voters in all parts of'the country. And this is the first test of and it could be the the-two men who are most often mentioned as the leading con- tenders for the GOP nomination. The names -of Harold Stassen, former governor of Minnesota, Gen. Douglas MacArthur, and a St. Louis attorney, William R. Schneider, also are on the Repub- lican side of the New Hampshire primary. A slate of delegates has been entered for MacArthur. Stas- sen and Schneider are entered only in the preferential section, "the: popularity contest" The 'state's registered Democrats will choose between President Tru- man and Sen. Estes Eefauver, the easy-moving man from Ten- nessee. Campaign In many ways, this has been a Arnold Schuster, 24, Brooklyn trousers sales-' man, smiled happily (inset) recently when in-: formed he would get reward for tip which re- sulted in capture-of Willie Sutton, elusive bank bandit. Saturday night gunmen caught Schuster alone half a block from his home, shot him iour times. His body sprawls on street where the killers left him. Police called it a "cold blooded act of gangland vengeance." campaign unique in American po- litical history. miles away in Europe, has made no political statement during the campaign. A team of senators, congressmen, and influential New Hampshire men and women, have barnstormed the state for him. Taft on the other hand stormed into New Hampshire last Thursday like a Midwestern cyclone. He con- siders that he made his big drive at the critical timing point. Taft himself said before he left that he regards the election as "a horse race" between himself and Eisenhower, but that his chances of victory are improving. A postcard poll, he said, shows him running dead-level with the general, indicating each appar- ently wfll get about 41 per cent of the GOP vote, with the re- mainder scattered between Mac- Arthur and Stassen. Until the final stages, the cam- paign contained practically no fac- tional bitterness. Court Upholds Contempt Terms WASHINGTON (fl-The Supreme Court today upheld contempt sen- tences imposed on lawyers, who U top Communist N.Y. Informer Slain, Police le 'NEW 'YORK pushed a vast manhunt today for. the-killer of Arnold Schuster, the man who defended the leaders at a trial. stormy New York The sentences, ranging from one to six months, were imposed by Federal Judge Harold R. Medina. He held the lawyers guilty of con- tempt immediately after the trial jury convicted the 11 leading Reds of plotting to teach violent over- throw of the government Justice Jackson delivered the high tribunal's 5-3 decision. Justices Frankfurter, Black and Douglas wrote separate dissenting opinions. Justice CJark took no part in the case. WEATHER FEDERAL FORECAST Winona and vicinity Cloudy with occasional rain or snow to- night'becoming partly cloudy by Tuesday morning. Generally fair ruesday. Moderate temperature and a little colder by Tuesday night Low tonight 30, hiph Tuesday 38. LOCAL WEATHER Official observations for the 24 hours ending at 12 m. Sunday: Maximum. 33; minimum, 25; noon, 33; precipitation, none. Official observations for the 24 hours ending at 12 m. today: Maximum, 42; 31; noon, 35; precipitation, none; sun sets tonight at sun rises to- morrow at Additional weather an Page 15. caused bank robber Willie Button's arrest Two major questions puzzled in- Was the slayer an underworld figure who killed the 24-year-old Schuster to avenge the arrest oi Sntton? Or was he a crank with a twistefl mind, hating informers and police in general? Some 150 detectives picked up scores of ex-convicts for question- ing and pushed through the city hunting clues. The No. 1 man sought was a convicted murderer and- prison fugitive, Frederick J. (The Angel) Tenuto, an old pal of Sutton. They broke out of a Pennsylvania prison together in 1947., Schuster pointed out most wanted man in America, to police just 19 days before the young clothing salesman was-slain Saturday night near his home. He was hit by four .38-caliber bullets. People living nearby heard the shots and running feet. When they, reached Schuster, he was dead- victim of a smooth, vicious, gang- land-type job. For him, it was the end of days of torture, the fear of death ever present Police disclosed he had received 11 threatening letters since he put the finger on Sutton. He had so many threatening phone calls he changed the number to an unlisted one. Neighbors said he hadn't Jeft the house for a week before he decided to venture out Saturday after FBI agents reassured him. Police Commissioner George P. Monaghan said Schuster and his father, Mas, had repeatedly turned down offers of a police guard for the tipster. Deep Water Test Of A-Bomb Seen Climax of Six Years of Experimenting By ELTON C. FAY WASHINGTON deep-wate explosion of .an atomic bomb determine the feasibility of usin them against war ships at sea ap pears probable in the forthcomin series of tests at the Marsha Islands nuclear weapon provin ground. In six years of experimenting the atomic weaponeers have triec out explosions under a variety, o burst, surfac explosion, underground and in sha' .ow water. They now have amasse a vast amount of data on wha such blasts will do to buildings underground structures, weapons ships anchored in harbor and to men. First Planrad in 1944 But until they go ahead with a est first planned and then aban doned in 1946 they will not know low effective would be a deep- water blast 'of an atomic "mine' agairist a force of war ships or a convoy under way on the high seas The assumption is that at least ome target ships will be used ii he test, although instruments tha shock, pressure, radiation and other effects' could provide -data alone. Without tapping its reserve flee: f modern, useful vessels, the Nav; as on band a large number, o' ombatant ships, transports anc mailer craft, many of which eoult used in the experiment Left ver from the 1346 Bikini tests are everal battleships and cruisers almost a dozen destroyers, a haL ozen submarines and a variety oi transports. The agoon "Baker" test in Bikini produced formidable re- ults; two battleships, a big car- ier, three submarines and some mall craft were sank in that single last of one weapon. Carl Jackson Named Warden At St. Cloud Reformatory Carl Jtcksan ST. PAUL tB-Carl Jackson, state director cf public institutions, was named warden of the. St Cloud reformatory today in a three-way shift involving two other state officials, Gov. C. Elmer Anderson named Hjarle Leirfallom, state director of social welfare, to Jackson's old post as director of institutions, and promoted F. W. Nichols, from his post as assistant director, to be director of social welfare. The changes wfll be effective one week from today. Jackson will succeed the late H. B. Whitljer, who died tea days ago. The shift makes Jackson a sub- ordinate of LeirfaDom but Jackson said today he did not regard it as a demotion. .-_-. ''I view tVt appointment as a real duOIenge in the work tSat can be he said. i Truman Plans N.Y.Speech On Saturday KEY WEST, Fla. Truman, interrupting a vacation here, will fly to Washington Fri- day for an overnight stay and will go to New York city for a speech on Saturday. Presidential Secretary Joseph Short, who made the announce- ment, said Truman will fly back to Key West after the New York speech to resume his Florida va- cation. The address in New York will be at p. m. (CST) before the 28th annual meeting of the Colum- bia Scholastic Press Association in the ballroom of the Waldorf As- toria. Short said the meeting will be made up of scholastic editors representing school papers through junior colleges from all over the country. Short had no additional informa- tion on Gen. Hoyt Vandenberg's sudden flight here for a Sunday conference with the President. White House aides said the con- ference was "important" but not lecessarily of a "pressing nature." They would not elaborate. In Washington, Pentagon sources were silent. Air Force officers merely said that the plane Vanden- >erg normally uses had not re- urned to Washington at a late hour last Bight The President left any further action in the New York Central iailroad. strike up to Secretary of Army Pace, whose department is operating the railroads for the :overnment The President's assistant, John R. Steelman, kept in close touch with strike developments in a ser- es of long-distance telephone calls to Washington and New York. The President, meanwhile, bowed no outward indication of oncera over what might happen the New Hampshire presiden- tial preference primary tomorrow. ASien Reds May Deported, High Court Decides WASHINGTON Supreme Court ruled 6 to 2 today'that liens may be deported if they once were members of the Communist arty. Justice Jackson delivered, the majority ruling. A section of the 1940 Alien. Eegis- raiion Act says the Attorney Gen- eral may expel "any alien twbo at the frnp of entering the cited States, or has been at any time thereafter" a member cf iay irganization which tanght violent J N.Y. Central Trainmen Stage Surprise Strike Fear Walkout Will.Be Extended. To Other Lines CHICAGO men who run the trains staged a surprise strike yesterday that virtually paralyzed the New York Central system, and it raised the question: Will the walkout be extended to other lines, perhaps to cripple the nation's rail transportation? Chiefs of the three big unions which struck in concert for higher Brotherhoods of Rail- way Conductors, Locomotive Engi- neers, and Locomotive Firemen and raised the question without answering it. Written instructions to- strikers said, the orders, .would apply to "every 'other railroad to which the strike may later be Another sentence said, "If it is determined to extend the strike to other .railroads, full information will be furnished to thosi in charge Await Development At a news conference in Cleve land, the brotherhood leaders, Roy 0. Hughes of the conductors James P. Shields of the engineers and David B. Robertson of the fire men and enginemen, declined tc elaborate. They said, "we'll have to await developments." There was also a possibility tha the strategy of the fight for more pay envisages selected strike tar gets and separate settlements, to avoid government intercession. But already the Army, technica boss of the nation's railroads, as a result of tiie wages and working rules impasse, had warned striking workers of the .New York Centralr Get back to work or face "ap- propriate action." Circumstances indicated Assist- ant Army Secretary Karl etsen may have meant, a court injunction when he issued the warning in Washington, but he did not elaborate. The Army has beer custodian and nominal operator oi railroad lines since government seizure in 1950, when the same unions threatened a- nation- wide walkout. Most Trains Halted The unannounced; strike halted most New-York, Central trains west of Buffalo Sunday morning, many before they reached their desti- nations. It also hit the StLouis Terminal Railroad, paralyzing this vital switching center for east-west rail traffic. The railroad said more than quit work and the strike affected close to employes. The union said. the number on strike was An NYC spokes- man said a continuance of the strike for several days would force as. many as out of work. Strike leaders said there was "no particular reason" for singling out the New York Central. The NYC operates the largest Chicago to New York and Boston passenger service of any railroad. It hauls some passengers' daily over the more than miles of strike-affected routes. Stranded passengers were shifted President Prio Ex-Prcsidtnt Batista Russians Accused Of Supplying Reds to other railroad lines, airlines and By ROBERT EUNSON TOKYO neutral is Rus ia in the Korean War? A hitherto secret report in Gen Matthew B. Ridgway's headquar ers asserts: "Thg main source of supply fo present Chinese Communist forces Blasted Out Of Korea Skies SEOUL, Korea Com mimist jet fighters were blasted out'of the North .Korean skies to day, the U. Si JTjfth Air Force re ported. The Reds were ttylng t( break screen of ITS. Sa jets, jSL, Three; other-MIGS damag ed, the Air Fotee reported. It was bag since Jan the Sahres'shot-downylC MIGs The red-nosed.MIGSs made three bold attempts to. break through the Sabres and-shoot up more than 100-fighter-bombers; attacking Communist rafl of Sun- ebon in Northwest Korea. Ground action flared at only scat- tered points. U. S. Eighth Army censors took the blanket of security off two more American divisions. The U. S. 40tb (California National Guard) Division is on the central front south of Kumsong. It came to Jorea recently from occupation duty in Japan. The U. S. 25th Di- vision with an attached Turkish brigade is dug in along the spiny ridges northwest of the Punchbowl on the Eastern front. First Marines Last week Eighth Army head- luarters reported the First Marine Division on the Eastern front and he British Commonwealth-and U. S. Third Divisions on the Western end of the batfle.line. The 45th Di- ision (Oklahoma National Guard) ecently was shifted to the Cen- tral front from occupation duty in 'apan. Allied patrols made contact with he Reds all along the .thawing attlefront Sunday, but no major lashes resulted. Most of the.light ighting was on the .east Central in Korea is from Soviet furnished materiel." Red staff officers drafting truce supervision 'terms have nominated Russia as a neutral observer. Although the United Nations Command never has announced the capture of a Russian soldier prac- tically all of the equipment now in use by the North Korean Army (NKA) and the Chinese Commu- nist Forces (CCF) is Russian- made. So too is the swift jet interceptor the 'MIG-15, which patrols Northwest Korea from Manchurian bases. A staff officer at Gen. Ridgway's headquarters today made available to the Associated Press a report containing a list of captured guns, vehicles and other war machinery whieh the Soviets have turned over to the North Korean and Chinese Communist armies. "With the 'exception of a small .amount of Japanese materiel left over from the Japanese occupation and Manchuria and ma- m U.N, forces in Army Revolt Leads to Fall Of Government Palace Invaded, President Flees; 2 Guards Slain By BEN f. MEYER HAVANA Batista rode-back to power today in army-backed revolt, three months ahead of .Cuba's scheduled presi- dential elections. President Carlos Prio Socarras fled from his pal- ace, where two men were killed. President Prio, accompanied by two Army officers and possibly under arrest, left the presidential palace after announcing that Ba- tista had seized control of Camp Columbia, the Army's major mili- tary base. Batista told a reporter: "I was obliged to make a'revo- lution because I had news from the most reliable sources that President Prio, faced with defeat of his candidate in the June 1 elections, was planning a phony revolution for April 15." Two trucks Army loaded tanks and Army with soldiers took over the presidential palace in tht Surprised WASHINGTON Ufl-The revolt in Cuba apparently took the State Department and United States Embassy at Havana by surprise. Informed officials said there were no advance indications of an. attempt to overthrow the government of President Carlos Prio Socarras. Korea, the Horth Korean army has been-entirely equipped and, or, re- equipped with Soviet the intelligence report said. "Recent-reports have shown that the 'main source of supply for present Chinese Communist forces equipping and, or, re-equipping of units in Korea, or earmarked for forea, is from Soviet furnished materiel. This Soviet furnished materiel, or both the NKA and has included tanks, self-propelled ar- mored artillery, trucks, artillery, AA guns machine guns and various types of small arms. While some part of this rdnance has been manufactured in North Korea proper, the ma- ority has come, from either ;ussia or her satellite countries. All of the ordnance materiel listed herein has been captured and jositively identified in dur ing present hostilities. "In the armored field of Soviet materiel identified in Korea, there re the BA-64 armored car, the U-76 self-propelled gun .and .the -34 tank. 'The T-34 tank is armed .with an mm. gun and was the principal ombat vehicle of the U1S.S.R. iroughout World War. II; ibe U-76 is a 16 mm. gun mounted n a tank chassis providing a obile artillery support; and the A-64 is a lightly armored, highly mobile vehicle generally used for econnaissance purposes. cf the New York Central Buffalo and hit switching operations at St. Loois. system are idle in Chicago's.- south, site ,'yEcds Identified -are two of the.liue'i crack the (44th and Boot Streets) 'after a "strike; if the New England left) and the .three center of 'Havana. Nearby resi- dents said they saw white flags appear in the 'palace windows u, the -troops arrived, Now A Batista supporter, Lt Rafael Salas, took over police headquar- ters. He announced "I am a colo- nel now" and-', chief of police. Orders, .went out to seize gome government Batista, as a Cuban "strong controlled Cuba for 10 1933 and He was, a; declared presidential can- didate in th-2 elections scheduled for June. An announced purpose of. the re- volt was to put down corruption and gangsterism, which blamed for 30 killings since preri- dent Prio took office in 1948. Comparatively 1 i 111 e violence marked Batista's bid for power, which came as a complete sur- prise. Two palace ,were slain by submachine gun fife from a speeding police automobile. Prio drove away from the palace followed by a busload of soldiers and later two tanks appeared be- fore the building.. Radio Cut Off Havana was quiet except for sporadic shooting. Radio stations were forbidden to broadcast news, presumably% upon instruction from the police. The- Havana clearing bouse suspended operations. police took over the Cuban tele- phone building, but permitted local and long distance calls: Cible com- panies reported'no censorship. The U. S. State Department" ordered the Seventh Coast Guard District to divert all boats and aircraft bound for Havana. The newspaper Alerts published an interview with Colonel Salas, new police chief, in which he was asked "How did this business get .His reply: "The people couldn't pot up with the state of things any longer. The government gave the appearance of prosecuting gangsterism, and yet ft was public and notorious that the government itself stood' behind these gangsters. Policarpo Soier. 'El Colorado' and other no- torious criminals at liberty had no worries of any Idn-i. "This situation naturally engen- dered a deep discontent in the Amy and a commission of officials went to Batista, isUng hint to imire the nation from chios into which Hv had faHen. Gen. Batista, always on hand in the bonr of responsibility, took titt forward ttep." 25-Mile Travel limit on Reds WASHINGTON OR- The United States .today, clamped a 25-mile travel BipJt oo Sorfct officials and their famfttes from CaiUsfton and
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