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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - March 5, 1952, Winona, Minnesota Fair, Continued Cold Tonight; Warmer Thursday Winhawks-Pine Island Tonight VOLUME 52, NO. 15 FIVE CENTS PER COPY WINONA, MINNESOTA, WEDNESDAY EVENING, MARCH 5, 1952 TWENTY PAGES Relief Rushed To North Japan Former Governor Harold E. Stassen, center, warms up before the old-fashioned stove in Calef s General Store in East Harrington, N. H., as Stassen launched a week-long political tour. He is one of four GOP nominees entered in New Hampshire's first-in-the- nation presidential preference primary election on March 11. Pro- prietor Harlan Calef, left, and A. J. Wood, right, a customer, chat with the candidate. Wirephoto.) Wisconsin Nominates Broad foot. Murphy TODAY Solid South Not forTaft Or Truman By JOSEPH and STEWART ALSOP The Republi- can situation in the South is just about the queerest feature of the current political scene. Its myster- ious outlines are startlingly dis- closed by IF pott of the editors and political experts of 23 leading Southern newspapers. Their an- swers, which blanket the tradition- ally Solid South, are as follows: First, the established Southern Republican leaders almost unani- mously favor the candidacy of Sen. Robert A. Taft, of Ohio. These men have run their state Repub- lican parties for many decades like so many small, profitable, ex- clusive clubs, even in some cases holding their political conventions in their own houses, as indicated in the last report in this space. They control the party machinery, and if they can prevent "hoi polloi" from breaking into their clubs, they will send Taft delegations to Chicago. They are generally ex- pected to succeed in Arkansas, Honda, Mississippi, Tennessee and West Virginia. Popular Second, the Southern popular surge in favor of Gen. Dwight D. Eisenhower has caused a good deal of vulgar battering on the club doors in Alabama, Louisiana, Kentucky, North Carolina, Virginia and Texas. It is very far from ex- cluded that the old-line Republi- can leaders will manage to hold several of these states for Taft. In others, the Eisenhower leaders may pick up a delegate or so, as they have in Kentucky, where the most brutal repressive tactics of the pro-Taft faction have held the Taft loss to an estimated two dele- gates. And in still other states, like North Carolina, a consider- able share of the delegates may go for Eisenhower. Third, however, Sen. Taft, the favorite of the professionals, ap- pears to be highly unlikely to car- ry a single Southern state for his party, whereas Gen. Eisenhower would probably carry several of them. On this point, the expres- sion of the Southern editors and political experts is both frank and clear. For example, B. S. Griffith, Ex- ecutive Editor of The Charlotte, N. C., News, writes that "If Tro man is the Democratic nominee I think Eisenhower could carry the state. I am confident Taft could not carry it regardless of the ocratic nominee. (But) if the party officials can keep control, the state win go for Taft at the con- vention." Organization for Taft Again, from Alabama, Fred Tay- lor, political analyst of The Bir- mingham News, writes that "Sen, Taft has a big bulge in Republi- can organization support But as for popular support. Gen Eis- enhower has a wide margin." And Grover Hall, of The Montgom- ery Advertiser, goes further, say- ing that "right now Eisenhower enjoys a popularity second only to Jefferson Davis on his inaugura- tion day." Over all, of the 23 editors and political experts queried, 14 gave their views on the national elec- tion. A single editor, E. D. Lam- bright -of The Tampa. Fla.. Morn- ing Tribune, opined that Sen. Taft (CentuHMd en 14, Column 7) ALSOPS Pair Will Battle It Out for Supreme Court Post April 1 By ARTHUR BYSTROM MILWAUKEE Grover L. Broadfoot will fight for his Supreme Court seat in the April 1 election against Circuit Judge Arold S. Murphy of Marinette. The two jurists qualified for the runoff by leading a four-man field in yesterday's state primary that drew less voters than any election in recent years. On the basis of nearly complete returns, indications were that the primary drew less than-. voters to the polls. This represented only about 13.6 per'cent.pf the estimated Wisconsin persons eligible-to vote. Snow and cold weather, plus a gen- eral lack of interest was held re- sponsible. Unofficial Returns Unofficial returns tabulated by the Associated Press in of the state's precincts gave Broad- foot votes to for Mur- phy. Trailing were Marshall Peter- son of Monroe with and Cir- cuit Judge Alvin C. Reis with Justice Broadfoot was appointed to the court by former Gov. Oscar Rennebohm on Nov. 12, 1948 to succeed the late Justice Elmer J2. Barlow. Under state law, however, he could serve only until an election could be held for the unexpired term. As only one justice can be elected in any one year, Broadfoot has not had to face election until this year. The election April 1 will be for a term ending in January, 1956. Justice Broadfoot, 59, was born at Independence, Wis., on Dec. 2, 1892. He is a graduate of the Uni- versity of Wisconsin law school and served as mayor of Mondovi and district attorney of Buffalo county before being elected to the state (Continued on Pane 14, Column 6) WISCONSIN 31 Dead, Ridgway Offers Aid; Sympathy to Premier By OLEN CLEMENTS TOKYO American occupa- tion forces and the Japanese gov. eminent today rushed relief sup- plies to earthquake and tidal wave victims in snowswept north- ern Japan. Planes, trains and boats carriei medicine and food t stricken areas of sparsely settlet eastern Hokkaido island and' th more populous sections of north eastern Honshu Island. Thousands of homeless sufferec from bitter cold and driving snow storms which followed Tuesday' earthquake. The official U. S. Army estim ate stood at 31 Japanese dead and 170 injured. Japanese police an nounced they have recovered 2 bodies. No Americans were kflle( or injured. Kyodo News Agency reported the quake left a fishing village sub- merged and pushed up a new 40- foot hill. Both were on Hokkaido northernmost island of Japan. Submerged Homes A Kyodo reporter who flew over Kirita'ppu reported most of the 1, 691 villagers were marooned atop their submerged homes. He said a rescue boat was on its way to the coastal town. The News Agency said the new iill appeared near the village of Niifcappu. Inhabitants said a lava- like substance flowed from the hill and then hardened. Two years ago a quake thrust up a similar hfi] U.S. Decides Against Taking War to China in the same area. Japanese government reported incomplete surveys' ed the quake and 10-foot high tidal waves caused this damage: 1. Railway tracks were twisted and snarled in places. One section of 500 yards of track was swal- lowed by the. earth. 2. An uncounted-number of fish- ing-boats were -sunk, 44 damaged and eastern Japan. smashed on Jiortb- Honshu, main island of 3. Seven coal miners were killed, two in a mine cave-in and five when their homes collapsed. Coa} mining operations in Hokkaido were disrupted by floods and brok- en power lines. 4. Tidal waves washed away 277 houses in Hamanaka village on Hokkaido, leaving persons homeless. Reports from other vil- lages placed the number of de- stroyed homes at around Associated Press reporters flew over Kushiro, largest city on Hok- kaido suffering from the quake, and reported few signs of dam- age. The harbor wall appeared to have been battered.by the seas. The city appeared to be returning to normal. Most Severe Noboru Saito, national rural po lice chief, told Parliament tha casualties from the quake and ti dal wave were small considering the quake was one of the mosi severe in the world in the 20th cen Taxpayers Get Two 'Breaks' WASHINGTON Internal Revenue Bureau is giving taxpay ers two breaks in meeting thi month's deadline for income tas returns. It announced today that tax of fices. throughout the country ar being encouraged to stay open th next two Saturdays to help handl the las't-minute rush. Further, you don't have to ge your return in by the traditiona March 15 date. Because March 15 falls on no a working won't be late if they're turned in or mailed before midnight Monday, March 17 tury. wave He credited Japan's tida alert system with holding down casualties. Within 15 minutes of the quake all coastal villages were warned of the impending ti- dal waves. Saito reported residents of the stricken area were calm. Unreported Prisoners Held by Reds By ROBERT B. TJCKMAN MUNSAN, Korea Corn- agencies munists admitted today they hold unreported prisoners and fried to use them as a club in Korean truce negotiations. The Reds said they would supply the names of these prisoners "in lue only after the Allies urnished data, the Communists lave been demanding. reported harply' that the United Nations Command would furnish additional prisoner data on. an exchange basis r not at all. Btnumd The Red admission followed a de- mand by Libby that the Commu- nists account for 174 additional risoners. Most_of these are Amer- cans. Some are British. This makes a total of U.N. oldiers and Republic of Ko- ea (ROK) troops for which the T.N. has demanded an accounting, fane of them was listed in the riginal list of prisoners of 'ar the Reds turned over Dec. 18. North Korean Maj. Gen. Lee ang Cho referred Wednesday to the as "the main list of POWS who we hold ia prison." "As for the necessary supple- mentary he -said, "they are now being put in order and we wiH hand it over to your side in due time. You must give us firs the basic data which you havi promised to give us." Kenans He was referring to Ko- reans originally listed by the Allies as prisoners but since reclassifiec as South Korean civilians or ROI troops. Then: names were not on the original list of the Allies handed the Reds. Libby said the Allies were ready to exchange complete information oa prisoners, including troops cap- tured between the time the original lists were compiled and Feb. 28 His demand for a report on 174 men was based on names taken from Red broadcasts, letters to families, Communist periodicals and "other presumably secret agents. Splintered, Telescoped railroad coaches are piled up on a bridge over the flooded Pavuna river some 20 miles outside Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, after a freak wreck described as the worst tram disaster in Brazil's history. The col- lision occurred when two electric trains approach- ed from opposite ends of the double-track bridge. Three wooden coaches of one train derailed and swung into the path of the other and were sheared into kindling wood. Death toll has reached 102, with another 200 persons injured. (A .P. Wire- photo by radio from Rio de Janeiro.) UMT Bill Shelved By House, 236-162 9y RUSSELL BRINES WASHINGTON Iffl Bitterly debated universal mffltary training appeared today to be a dead issue, for the next few months at least.. The House yesterday shelved an administration bill to start UMT- t voted 236-162 to send the measure back to committee, climaxing a dramatic and unusual session. Here's S9-Morrth-OM Sharon Fuchs, holding an X-ray oj her lungs which shows how: a straight pin was lodged in a bronchial tube. It was removed wilhout surgery through nse of a stereo- fiuroscope, an X-ray, instrument that gives a three-dimensional view of the Doctors described it as a rare operation, in which the surgeon, tmable to see what, be is doing, is directed by secoad medic who views the florescope. Wzrepicto to Acheson Asks Reds To Submit to Probe WASHINGTON of Itate Acbeson has challenged the lorn munists to submit to impartial nvestigation their "fantastic" charge that the Allies are waging ;ena warfare in Korea. In a sharply-worded statement, icheson said: "We have denied this nonsense bout germ warfare in Korea he- ore. We would not bother to deny it again were it not for the fact that the Communists are spread- ing these charges around the world at the same time they are stalling in the truce negotiations." As in the past, Acheson said, the United States again "wel-! comes an impartial investigation by an international agency such as the international committee oMhe Sed Cross." The secretory said ibess appears to be a serious plague epidemic in Communist-controlled Korea. Bat he emphasized that it was doe to the Beds' inability to care the people, not to a -fantastic jiof i by the United Nation. i Northwest Vote WASHINGTON Here is how Northwest congressmen lined up. on the universal mili- tary training bill which the House recommitted last night: Blatnik Marshall Andersen Andresen Ha gen Judd O'Hara Against: McCarthy Smith Murray Van Pelt Withrow O'Konski Against: 2ablocki Byrnes Davis Kersten Not voting: Bull U.N. Navy Hits Sfromboli in Mock Maneuver WITH OPERATION GRAND SLAM hundred carrier and land-based fighter planes roar ed down in mock attack today on the volcanic island of StrombolL The silvery jets and piston-engm ed planes of four U S., Britain; France and ulated strafing and bombing sweeps in a climax to the greates peacetime Mediterranean nava maneuvers in history. "A good said Adra. Rob- ert B. Carney, Commander in chief, Allied Forces, Southern Europe. He watched from a patrol bomber. Welded Force In a striking demonstration of low the Allied Command has weld- ed together the armed forces of the Atlantic Allies, the planes struck with clockwork precision. Forty-two planes from the U. S. rrier Midway, 32 from the U. S. Carrier Tarawa, six from the Fren ch Carrier Lafayette, 32 from the Sritish Carrier Theseus peeled off m screaming dives. They roared down on the spiral of smoke belching from Stromboli Volcano. Sixteen Italian Mustang fighters which took off from Naples screen- ed the carrier planes. The Allied fighters wheeled in a tight circle over StrombolL Then they turned to simulated washing, strafing and rocket at-. acks on the barren area across be island from the inhabited sec- tion, Satisfied, the attacking aircraft zoomed 110 miles westward to their floating bases. Ike in Greece ATHENS, Greece Gen. Dwigbt D. Eisenhower arrived at this looming on his tour of Turkey and Greece, the two new- est members of the North Atlantic Treetj omniatioa, Vinion Rep. Vinson- chairman of the Armed Services Commit- tee, then killed off any immediate chance for recon- sideration. H e told newsmen bis committee would not bring up any more UMT legis- lation during this session. But proponents insisted that UMT was not perma- nently dead. "We'll start all over again in the 83rd Congress, after the elec- Vinson said. Donald R. Wilson, national com- mander of the American Legion, can imagine a large number of people are happy tonight and most of them are within the confines of the Soviet Union." House members did not actually vote on the merits of the bill to establish compulsory six months' training for 18-year-olds, plus TH years in the reserves. Their vote merely postponed ac- ion by sending the measure back f> committee. The climactic-roll call cut across >arty lines. The motion to recom- cit the. bill was supported by 155 Republicans, 81 Democrats; op- msed by 131 Democrats, 30 Bepuo- icans and one Independent Billion in Red First 8 Months WASHINGTON govern- ment closed out the first eight .oaths of the fiscal year in the Treasury eported today. But for the month of February the Treasury enjoyed one of its rel- tively rare surplus periods. Gov- ernment income exceeded ex- penses by in February, ue largely to the annual influx of income tax payments.. During March, the flow of in- come tax funds is expected to set new record and reduce the defi- cit by several billion dollars. For the first eight months of the iscal year, beginning last July Brazil Wreck Death Toll May Go Above 102 RIO DE JANEIRO, Brazil Rescue workers dug today in the splintered debris of a freak train wreck, fearing the toll of 102 dead will rise higher in Brazil's worst railroad disaster. About 200 were injured. The wreck occurred yesterday on a bridge arching the flooded Pavuna River as two trains ap1 preached each other on the double track at a combined speed of 100 miles an hour. Three wooden coaches of .one passenger train jumped the rails and swung across the path of a speeding steel-bodied commuters' train. The electric locomotive of the commuter train smashed the coaches into splintered kindling. Bodies Fall in River Some bodies fell into the river, swollen by recent rains. Others dangled from.the bridge or lay in the smashed wreckage. An official of the state-owned railroad said quick arrival of res- cue workers probably saved many lives. Ambulances began to arrive five minutes after the crash. Fire trucks, army vehicles and civilian cars helped carry the wounded to nearby hospitals. Joao Santos, a laborer going to work on the commuter train, said from his seat in the second car the collision looked "like opening a sardine can." Near The wreck occurred 20 miles west of Rio De Janeiro. The pas- senger train left the capital at a.m. for Juiz De Fora, 100 miles to the north. The commuter train was bound for Rio from Nova Iguacu, a suburb 36 miles from the city. 'The casualty toll was slightly larger than that of April 6, 1350, when a steam locomotive crashed j through a bridge north of Rio De Janeiro. About 100 were killed and i 200 injured. I Hopes to Avoid All-Out Clash In Far East Public Indignation Could Force Change in Plans By JOHN M. HIGHTOWER WASHINGTON Truman administration has decided against any njove to carry the Korean War to China even if the truce talks collapse. Officials said that is the present basic policy, but how it would be applied will undoubtedly depend on what the Communists do and what the American people think about it In the highest levels of the De- fense and State Departments it a recognized, officials privately con- cede, that popular indignation could force the United States in some circumstances to take action which would either contradict or diverge from its present policy. It' is known that' consideration has been given to carrying the war directly against China. It it now apparent that the decision has been reached to avoid this if possible. In reaching this decision the ad- vice of military leaden that a bigi ger effort in the Far East would mean a weakening of air and other forces has been decisive 'factor. Policymaker! have three main circumstances of col- lapse of the "-truce L The might simply break off with both sides holding to their present military if, avoiding a major ground offensive, [n this circumstance the admini- stration's present policy is that the United States should not act to en- large the war. 2. Talks might break off with Communist offensive aimed at driving the United Nations forces out of their present entrenched positions. .Gen. Ridgway is reported o be confident that his position is so strong that he could smash such an offensive at terrific cost to the enemy and might thereby start tbt teds talking peace more earnestly. 3ven in the face of a ground of- 'ensive, the administration would take the line that the war should be confined to Korea, under present lolicy. 3. The talks might collapse under a terrific drive by the Reds making all-out use of their air as wen as and power. In that event a policy which has been on the United Na- tions books in Korea for a year would probably be put into effect; t provides that, should Communist air attacks threaten the security of he United Nations forces, the Uni- ed Nations may strike back at the attaching bases. Those bases ant in Chinese territory, north, of tht Yalu River. WEATHER FEDERAL FORECAST Winona and Vicinity Fair, con- tinued cold tonight Thursday lartly cloudy, warmer. Low tonight in city, 5 in country; high Thurs- ay afternoon 26. LOCAL WEATHER Official observations for the 24 ours ending at 12 m. today: Maximum, 21; Minimum, 0; ooon, 23; precipitation, none; sun lets tonight at 6 p.m.; sun rises tomorrow at a.m. Additional weather on Page 17. the government paid out a big jump from the spent during the same period last year. Revenue so far this fiscal year has increased, at a much lesser rate, so far this seal year compared with last year. The deficit of 7% Wffioa dollars t the end of February con- with a snrplas of at the same liaie Jast year. national debt at the end of ebnary stood at op from do Feb. 28 astyear. t Five Red MIGs Downed by Yanks warplanes By MILO FARNETI Korea American surprised a flight of Communist MIG-15 jets today and shot down at least five; near the Yaln river. Another HIG was listed as prob- ably destroyed. The wild 30-mawte morning bat- tic was touched off when 28 F-85 Sabre jets pounced on a fligt of 70 MIGS as the Beds came oat of their Mftocirarian lanctuary. "We canjht them by znrprise and bottoced the whole an Air Force officer sttid. It wcs the biggest tag of Bed jets since Jan. 25, -when Sabre pilots destroyed 10. Another the'' HIG crashed behind bocdcr wzfiiOBt ft shot being fired at it Two Allied pilots said the plane wac stunting when it suddenly went into a tight spin and roared to the ground. Fighting on the battle front cooi tinned light, but the op their artillery and mortar in some sections Tuesday. The Communists threw nearly rounds at aa Allied petition north of the punchbowl on Eastern front. The bombardment was near the Bed-odd called "tuke toe Cook's a strong point .front which the Reds have been blasting iot several weeks. The D. Eights Army ique reported only light and probes across the front Tera- pvratuxtt ranged from 13 to at
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