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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - March 4, 1952, Winona, Minnesota Fair and Much Colder Tonight And Wednesday VOLUME 52, NO. 14 FIVE CENTS PER COPY WiNONA, MINNESOTA. TUESDAY EVENING, MARCH 4, 1952 SIXTEEN PAGES Quake, Tidal Waves Sweep Japan Old Dispute Hampers Korean Truce Parley Reds Deny Missing Allied Troops Existed MDNSAN, Korea truce talks are "right back where they were Dec. Rear Adm. R. E. Libby said today after argu- ing with the Communists whether 50.000 missing Allied troops act- ually exist. Libby demanded the Reds ac- count for the missing Korean soldiers the U. N. com- mand says the Reds incorporated the North Korean army. They "do not said North' Korean Maj. Gen. Lee Sang Cho. He called it an Allied fabrication, 'an "attempt to block our progress by creating another hindrance." (The Reds concede some South Koreans are in the Communist army, but contend they are volun- teers and that many deserted the South Korean army.) "They do -exist -and have al- ways Libby snapped back. And they "must be returned to our side" when prisoners of war are exchanged. At this point Libby said: "Ap- parently we are back where we were on Dec. 18." Negotiators ex- changed lists of prisoners of war on that date. Place for Russia In another truce tent Red staff officers repeated their "firm and unshakeable" demand that Soviet Russia help supervise a truce. U. N. officers repeated their "ir- revocable" stand that Soviet Rus- sia was not acceptable. They have been deadlocked like that for weeks. Robert M. Jones Jr., 24, is shown perched on the ledge of the 47th floor of Cincinnati's Carew Tower this morning. The man took his position on the ledge about a.m. 'and resisted all efforts of workers, police and firemen to lure him back into the building. This dramatic picture was made by Howard Newman, staff photographer of the Cincinnati Times-Star. Just before noon Jones was pulled back to safety by Father Paul Huber. (A.P. Wirephoto to The 3 REPUBLICAN CANDIDATES OPTIMISTIC Stassen Expects MacArthur Support In New Hampshire By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS The presidential campaign of the three top Republican hopefuls was attuned today to the theme, "I can win no matter what any- body says." Sen. Estes Kefauver of Tennes- see, the most active Democratic candidate, pitched his speeches to much the same key. The candidates aimed their polit- ical oratory at New Hampshire's voters, who hold the nation's first U.S. Wants Peace, Truman Reassures Russia and China pri- Communist generals negotiating the exchange "were very well Libby said, in contrast to their shouted accusa- tions of. Monday. But in a new charge Lee said if the U. N. command holds any pris- oners who don't want to be re- turned they have been intimidated at bayonet point Lee was attacking the Allied stand that no prisoners 'be sent back unless they want to go, and the U. N. of 000 prisoners as civilian internees. "You tried to .give us the im- the Red general said, "that among the prisoners of war there are persons who did not want to come back -to our side. If there exists any such fact, it is a fact which is fabricated under your bayonets and intimidation." Three times Lee repeated the De Gaulle In New Frenc Figures h Crisis PARIS lanky figure of Gen. Charles de Gaulle cast a lengthening shadow over French politics today as independent Antoine Pinay tried to patch a new cabinet, of experts from the ill-fitting jig- saw pieces of France's npn-Commugist parties. Few. observers gave 'ininister.InTthVJaiie 'duck government of Edgar better chance-of success than his predecessors. Jaunty Wartime Premier Paul Reynaud already had failed to stitch together what Pinay is seek- national union government of technicians drawn from all par- ties except the Communists would not accept the Allied- principle of voluntary re- patriation-r-key stumbling block on prisoner exchange. During a 43- minute statement he demanded: "For what reason do you ask them to make their political Lee didn't wait for an answer. Revive Old Demands The Reds recently revived an old demand that the Allies supply a list of prisoners not named in the original U. N. list The Allies said again they had been reclassified as civilians. When the Reds persisted the U.N. command revived its own demand that the Communists account for 50.000 South Korean soldiers it said the Reds captured but didn't report The Reds insisted they were released at the front Libby called this a "second im- portant issue." Lee replied that the U. N. "has already hampered all the possibil- ities of making progress in our conference and you have indicated the attempt to block our progress by creating another hindrance. "The fact that you have fabri- cated is that you insist on the 000 persons who do not exist and that is untenable. Row can the talks of the persons who do not exist become the object of the Sen. Humphrey Warns Party On Civil Rights WASHINGTON Sen. Hum- phrey (D-Minn) said today the next President "inevitably will be a Republican if the Democrats re- treat" on the Truman civil rights discussions? Libby closed the sessions with his blunt reply that they do exist and: "They are military personnel of our side in your custody who must be returned." Retirement Exemption Given Miss Perkins WASHINGTON L9 President Truman has signed an executive order exempting Frances Perkins, a member of the Civil Service Commission, from compulsory re- tirement next April 10 when she will be 70 years old. Mr. Truman's order said "the public interest" required her ex- emption from the general law providing for retirement at age 70. Miss Perkins was secretary of labor in the late President Frank- lin D. Roosevelt's cabinet President Truman appointed her to the Civil Service Commission in 1946. The post pays a year. program. Calling for a showdown on the issue with Southern Democrats who are backing Sen. Russell of Georgia for the party's presidential nomina- tion, Humphrey declared: "President Truman was elected in 1948 without the solid electoral vote of the Solid South, and I think a strong civil rights candi- date can win this year despite Southern opposition. "On the other hand, if we peopl who are for the civil rights pro gram back-track from the I94f platform, the party will lose sue. states as New York. Illinois ani California all of which have bi; electoral votes. That means the next Presiden inevitably will be a Republican the Democrats retreat on the civi rights issue. To me, it is incon ceivable that there would be such a retreat" Sfassen to Run In Oregon Race WASHINGTON Harold E Stassen, candidate for the Repub- lican presidential nomination, will enter the Oregon presidential pri- mary to be held May 16, his head- quarters announced Monday. Stassen's name wfll be filed with the Oregon Secretary of State March 10, and the former Gover- nor of Minnesota "will conduct an extensive tour of the state in be- half of his the an- nouncement said. Stassen already has entered U state primaries. WEATHER FEDERAL FORECAST Winona and Vicinity Fair and much colder tonight Wednesday fair and continued cold. Low to- night zero in city, five below in country. High Wednesday after- noon 16. LOCAL WEATHER Official observations for the 24 hours ending at 12 m. today: Maximum, 37; minimum, g- noon, 13; precipitation, none; sun i sets tonight at sun rises to- i morrow at Communists. Rene Pleven, still smarting from the defeat which threw him out of office in January, refused even to make the try. 5th Day of Crisis The crisis was in its fifth day. It began because the assembly vot- ed billion francs (aboutj four billion dol- lars) for arms Gen. De Gaulla including expand- ed defense of western Europe then refused a 15 per cent tax boost to help pay the bill. Some French deputies already were talking about asking the United States for Still more aid to pay France's defense bill. But in Washington, Chairman Tom Con- nally (D-Tex) of the Senate foreign relations committee, angrily thun- dered that unless France does "her utmost in her own defense, sbe can- not justify large appropriations from the United States for both economic and military aid." Such plain talk from the Senate's most potent voice on foreign af- fairs indicated that the French fail- ure to find the funds for her part of North Atlantic defense was build- ing up fresh trouble for President Truman's request for for foreign aid. The longer the crisis dragged on the bleeding of the nearly f empty treasury unstopped by new taxes the better De Gaulle's chances seemed of getting into power. Largest Party His party, the RPF (Rally of the French which has the argest membership in Parliament, las decided it is ready to join it talks for a national -union to meet 1952 presidential preferential mary next Tuesday. On the Republican side, former Minnesota Gpv. Harold Stassen and Gen. Dwight D. Eisenhower's campaign manager, Sen. Lodge of Massachusetts, already were on the scene. Sen. Robert A. Taft of Ohio was due Thursday. Kefauver on' Scene Kefauver arrives today to drum up the Democratic vote. Here are the latest happenings in the campaign camps: 1. Stassen predicted he would draw "considerable" of the would- be backers of Gen. Douglas Mac- Arthur in New Hampshire. 2. Lodge said Eisenhower would be "a fighting campaigner who will make every Truman bureau- crat and demagogue take out for the high hills." 3. Taft, in Wisconsin, said there is no basis for the charge that "Taft can't win." He promised or- ganized labor a Republican admin- istration would "perfect" a Taft- Hartley Law that woulcj "meet all reasonable demands." TJentDcraticr 1. Kefauver told a Boston au- dience "a strong organization is out to get me" in the New Hamp- shire primary, "but the final de- cision rests with the people and I am out for this support." Humphrey for Showdown 2. Sen. Robert S. Kerr of Okla- homa said in a recorded San Diego speech that the Democrats were "never stronger" and the Repub- or more licans "never weaker divided." He accused "reckless Republican he named injuring the United Na- tions position in the Korean peace 100 Killed in Rio de Janeiro Train Wreck RIO DE JANJBRIO, Brazil More than 100 persons were killed in a tram collision near here today. About 200 suffered injuries. The wreck was the worst in Brazil's history. A train crowded with commuters coming into Rio de Janerio crashed into a stalled passeger train near the suburb of Anchieta, about 19 miles southwest of the capital. Bodies were strewn about the wreckage and some were seen floating in the nearby Pavuna River. "It looked like a a survivor, a former soldier said. Two cars on the passenger train were derailed at Anchieta. The commuter train which hit it was en route from another suburb am traveling at a high speed. Ike Cautions Future of U.S: In Voters'Hands CAMBRIDGE, Mass. Gen. Dwight D. Eisenhower yesterday warned that "the concentration of too much power in centralized gov- ernment need not be the result of talks. 3. Sen. Humphrey (D mentioned as a possible favorite son candidate for the Democratic presidential nomination, said in Washington there should be a showdown on the President's civil rights program with Southern Democrats backing Sen. Russell. "Inevitably" the next President will be a Republican if the Demo- crats retreat on this issue, he said. 4. New Mexico Democrats nom- inated Sen. Chavez and Reps. Dempsey and Fernandez to suc- ceed themselves. Rochester Project ROCHESTER, sewer- age construction project for Ro- been ap- proved by the National Production Authority, it was Minneapolis today. announced in violent revolution or great up- heaval." Eisenhower made the statement in an article in a book, "The Wel- fare State and the National Wel- published yesterday. Eisenhower's Mid- dle of the Road: A Statement of Faith in "a pater- nalistic government can gradually suffocation in the im- mediate advantage of will of the people to maintain a high degree of individual respon- sibility. He suggested the public "stop shrugging off politics as only the politicians' business. The future of this Republic is in the hands of the American voter." Senate to Take Up Oil Tideiands Bill WASHINGTON The Senate voted 47-32 yesterday to take up the submerged oil lands bill ahead of the one to give Hawaii state- hood, with Sens. McCarthy and Wiley, Wisconsin Republicans, op- Ferguson (R-Mieh.) also was against the move while Moody (D-Mich.) favored it. Speaks Over New Floating Voice of America Station By ERNEST B. VACCARO WASHINGTON In a dra- matic peace broadcast, President Truman today appealed to the peo- ple of Russia and Red China to force then- rulers to drop "their senseless policy of hate and ter- ror." The President spoke from the flight deck of the Voice of Amer- ica's powerful new floating trans- mitter, the U. S. Coast Guard cut- ter Courier berthed at a city pier. He addressed his words especial- ly to the people of China and Rus- sia, reminding them how the Unit- ed States came to their aid in World War II when they were in- vaded by Nazi Germany and Ja- pan. "We helped then to save their the President said. "I want to say to these people today, as we said then: We are your friends. There are no differences between us that can not be set- tled if your rulers will turn from their senseless 'policy of hate and terror, and foEow the principles of peace. Forced lo Rearm 'Today, the aggressive pol- icies of your rulers are forcing us Eau Claire Boy Drowns in River EAU CLAISE, Wis. Saultz, 11, drowned when he broke through the ice of the Eau Claire River late Monday despite frantic efforts of his brother and play- mates to save him. Leith Saultz Jr., 13, dove into the water when he saw his brother fall through the ice. Two other youths attempted to break away ice so if David came up they could see him and pull him out. Their efforts were useless. David was the. son of Mr. and Mrs. Leith Saultz, Eau Claire. The accident' occurred near the posing. Sen. Kansas Storm Kills 6, Half Foot of Snow Falls the growing crisis. Should it gain a dominant voice in a new cabinet, t undoubtedly would cause a ma- or upheaval in present French oreign policy. De Gaulle already has called for sweeping changes in the major Vestern defense programs to which France has recently committed herselL The RPF vigorously opposed the Schuman plan for pooling Western Europe's coal acd steel industries, also opposes the one-nniforra European army, proposed' by prance as a method of bringing jermany into European defense without risking another German' conquest of France. De Gaulle instead has i vague Confederation of Europe "with each country retain- ing the right to its own forces but each bound to another by precise 'tnutual undertakings so at v that'no one can seek hegemony (Additional weather-on Page 8.) over the others." By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Kansas and western Missouri to- day began shaking off the effects of a late-winter storm that dumpec more than a half foot of snow in many sections, snarled transpor- tation and closed schools. At least six deaths, five of them in the Kansas City area, were at- tributed to the storm. Many city and ratal, schools were closed today. Highways and city streets were hazardous. Some roads were cloeed. Highway and afar traffic were at a virtual standstill for a time late yesterday'-ia northern Kansas and north westefst, Missouri. Slutti and Snow Kansas City was hardest hit by the heavy slosh and snow. E. K. Burgard. director of the police traf- fic and safety divisions, said the traffic tieup was the worst he had ever seen. Streetcars, bosses and thousands of private cars were tied op in traffic jams that lasted more than five hours late yesterday. Every available patrolman was on duty. Some offices and stores dosed early to permit employes snore time to travel home. All public schools in both Kan- sas City, Kan., and Kansas City, Ho., were ordered closed today. Many parochial schools also shut down. Downtown hotels were jammed overnight with suburban dwellers unable to reach their homes. The Kansas City snowfall which began yesterday morning and con- tinued early today, measured six inches. Topeka, the Kansas state capital, had seven inches and Wichita, Kan., six inches. St Jos- eph in northwest Misouri, reported an eight-inch fatlj The state highway patrols re- ported many tieups on hills. Some sections of highways were dosed temporarily. At St Joseph, one tow truck alone pulled 25 trailer trucks from ditches near tie city. It took a bus nearly seven hours to travel from St Joseph to Kan- sas 55 miles. There was a note of cheer in the storm. Kansas wheat farmers said moisture was of great benefit to their land. Two of the storm deaths resulted from automobile accidents. Others were attributed to overezertioa. The snowfall was over most of Kansas and the Weather Bureau said it expected to- end in to arm to defend ourselves. But we cannot find in our hearts any hate against you. We know that you are suffering under oppression and persecution. We know that if you were free to say what you really believe, you would join with us to banish the fear of war, and bring peace to the earth. "Your government, with its newspapers and radios, may try to make-ypu-believe- States is a hostile bent on war. But that is not true. I want you to know that our highest aim is peace and an end to the horrors of war." The State Department said Mr. Truman's voice was heard in Eur- ope, Latin America and the Far East. Relay stations at Tangier, Munich, Ceylon, Manila, Honolulu and facilities of the British Broad- casting Company beamed the mes- sage to listeners in all parts of the world via 37 transmitters. Imme- diately following the President's Snglish language broadcast, the message was being translated into 45 languages for rebroadcast. Cutter Welcomed The address highlighted welcom- ing of the cutter to Washington for in elaborate 45-minute program luring which a ship's flag was wesented to the commanding of- icer, Capt. Oscar C. B. Wev, by )onald McQuade, national com mander of Catholic War Veterans Mr. Truman described the ton ship with its 80 crewmen and 10 officers as a new "valiant fight er in the cause of freedom" which will "carry a precious that cargo is truth." Designed to increase the reach and power of Voice of America broadcasts, the ship's medium wave transmitter is de- scribed by the State Department as three times as powerful as the largest American commercial transmitter "and can be heard a thousand miles away." After a shakedown cruise in the Caribbean the ship will proceed 'to unannounced overseas destin- ations. Mr. Truman said: "It will be able to move from place to place, beaming our cam- paign of truth to people behind the Iron Curtain whom we have thus :ar been unable to reach." Altoona dam while the four were playing on the ice. State Incomes 4 Times Higher Than in 1933 MINNEAPOLIS Min- nesotans in 1950 collected average incomes more than four times what they were in 1933, two Uni- versity of Minnesota business ex- perts said last night. Drs. Edwin H. Lewis and Rob- ert J. Holloway of the School of Business said the figure two years ago averaged out at. against in 1933. Their findings were given in Business News Notes, a new university publication. The pair attributed major credit for the gain to a substantial in- crease in manufacturing payrolls. That increase was greater in Min- nesota than for the nation as a whole. After allowances for. taxes and Lewis .and Holloway said the average Minne- sotan today have for every he had 20 years ago. Between 1929 and 1948, the two economists reported retail sales in the state, a basic indication of pur- chasing power, gained 180 per cent to a total of three billion dollars. With adjustment, again for price 31 Known Dead, Houses Left in Ruins Railway Trains Topple Over, U.S. Army Gives Aid TOKYO A terrifying earth- quake and tidal waves lolled at least 31 people in northern Japan today, injured hundreds and de- stroyed more than homes.'. Railway trains were toppled over. Rail lines were reported swallowed by great fissures. A coal mine partially collapsed. Harbor facilities were badly damaged at Kushiro, a port city at on the southeast coast of Hokkaido .Island. Kushiro was- the center of destruction. Most of the dead were in and near the town, on Japan's most northerly island. Tidal waves knocked down warehouses. Tht quake touched off 11 fires. Nine Buried Alive Nine, people were buried alive by a landslide. The quake was general north ol Tokyo. Tokyo itself was not dam- aged. The U. S. First Cavalry division is stationed on Hokkaido and the XJ. S. 24th division is in north- ern Honshu. They reported no Americans in- jured. Under orders of Gen. Mat- thew B. Ridgway, the divisions turned their facilities to. aid the stricken and thousands of home- lest. The quake struck at a.m. today p.m. Monday Seismologists at American uni- versities reported it was one of the most severe in the world in half a century. Columbia University said it was the worst since Aug. IS, 1950, when a quake shook Assam, India. That was -the Jtiggest Jn 50 years. The Japanese: quake was about the same intensity. In Massachusetts Weston Col- lege reported it "the strongest earthquake" in a decade. Univer- sity of California scientists called Faulty Flaps NICE, France Officials con- cluded today that faulty flaps com- bined with a double engine failure Mused yesterday's plane crash here which took the lives of 37 persons. They discarded a theory that the plane was downed by a flight of seagulls. boosts, the volume of goods sold was still up 101 per cent. Bible Reading To Continue in N. j., Court Rules WASHINGTON reading in the public schools may continue, the Supreme Court says, at least until someone comes along with a showing of genuine injury. By a vote of 6-3, the high tri- bunal yesterday tossed out an attack on a New Jersey law which requires daily Bible reading in the public schools of that state. The court said the two persons who complained had demonstrated no real harm in a legal sense. In another major decision, the court said New York State may go ahead with enforcement of its anti- Communist teacher law. By a 6-3 vote, the tribunal upheld constitu- tionality of the statute which bars subversive persons from employ- ment in the state's school system. In another 6-3 vote, the tribunal said a lower federal court in Wash- it "tremendous." Eight Tidal American seismologists said the shock was centered 60 miles below ington properly refused to give a- ruling on validity of the new fed- eral gambling tax law. In a fourth 6-3 decision, the jus- tices said Alaska may not impose a annual license fee on non- resident fishermen when, at the same time, it charges resident fish- ermen only S5. The opinion in this case, by Jus- ice Frankfurter, said the decision tad no bearing on the right of states to charge non-residents a differential which "would merely compensate the state for any added enforcement burden the non-resi- dent may impose." the floor of the Pacific Ocean. Tokyo meteorologists located the center as 43 miles east of Cape Erimo on south central Hokkaido. Some points were hit by as many as eight tidal waves. At other points the sea rose -as much as five feet. At Hachinohe, on the northeast coast of Hokkaido, five tidal waves swept inland. Each was larger than the one before. Then, nearly four hours after the quake, "the sea receded greatly" Tokyo me- teorologists said. Sketchy reports said most of the damage was done along the east- ern coast of Hokkaido facing the epicenter of the quake. The U. S. Army reported bouses were destroyed at Shiran- uka, 400 at Kiritappu, 400 at Hamanaka. Other reports said 200 houses were demolished at Obi- biro, 150 at Urakawa. The town of Nemuro reported persons homeless. 102 Killed in 1933 Eighteen fishing villages were inundated. Tidal waters swept 20 fishing boats away at Kawaguchi in northern Honshu, the main is- land of Japan, just south of sparse- ly settled Hokkaido. Residents fled coastal villages at soon as, the quake struck. They knew the tidal waves were corn- northwest Missouri today. Temper- atones of near zero were expected in northwest Missouri and north- east Kansas ing. Nineteen years ago yesterday an- other big earthquake and the tidal waves it churned up killed 802 people in northern Japan. Telephone lines were snapped by the quake, delaying of the destruction caused by Tuesday's temblor. Gen.- Ridgway's lifted a baa on aerial photographs of Japan to permit birdseye pic- tures of the quake area. m Woman Kidnaper In State Hospital MANKATO, Minn, ifl Mrs. Leah Scbeid, 37, New Ulm, was taken to St Peter state hospital yesterday to start a year's treat- meat in lieu of a reformatory sen- tence for kidnaping. Mrs. Scheid pleaded maty last week to kidnaping the infant son of Mr. and Kri. Eugene CrUahan. Mankato. last January. She said she had taken tBe child to replace one sbe had lost through a mis- A sentence If successful, that probably would kiH the measure as far the by Judge M. D. Mason UMJ Backers Win Test Vote in House WASHINGTON of universal military training won the first test vote in the House today. A standing vote of 196 to 167 beat down an1 opposition motion to [strike out the bin's enacting maneuver prelimmary to trying to send it back to the armed services committee. A later move to send it back to committee is expected, bringing mat a new test present House is concerned. As it now stands, the bill would require able-bodied males to take sk months of military training when they reach 12 and to remain in reserve status for an additional 7% years. The draft and UMT coold operate concurrently, but the presumption is there would be ao larZe- scak zndnction in UMT untii draft bive Upered off. DO condition she undergo treat- ment it the state hospital. The Calkhan baby was not. harmed. It was found in Mrs; apart- ment die day after it wur kid-
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