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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - February 26, 1952, Winona, Minnesota Generally Fair Tonight, No Change In Temperature Winona High-Owatonna Tonight KWNO-AM-FM WINONA, MINNESOTA, TUESDAY EVENING, FEBRUARY 26, 1952 SIXTEEN PAGES Germans Pledge 2 Billion Arms Aid Mounties Go Gunning For Foot-Mouth Cattle 9ask Canadian Mounties went gunning today for livelffinfected withfoo? and-mouth disease as Canada took drastic action to save her two billion dollar livestock industry from an out- hrpak of the malady in southern Saskatchewan. The Stetes, which got its first foot-and-mouth infection cause of the outbreak. Canadian officials rushed to Washington to ask an easing of the shutout Like Bubonic Veterinarians compared an epi- demic of the highly contagious swift acting disease in the animal world to the devastations of bu- bonic plague among human popu- lations. It has repeatedly ravaged European herds and was eradicat- ed from the United States only after a hard and expensive fight. Since an outbreak in Mexico in 1945 which almost destroyed the cattle industry there, the U. S. has spant 122 million dollars helping fight the disease south of the Kio Grande. Prime Minister Louis St. Laurent held an emergency cabinet meet- ing at which agricultural officials told of the diagnosis. Points of infection, including nine municipalities, were put under strict quarantine. Rural residents were permitted only a minimum of trips to town for groceries. They were ordered to disinfect their shoes with a lye solution before leaving and before returning. Visits between farms were ban- ned. The Canadian wheat board put a tight clamp on movement of grain in and out of the infected areas and stocks of feed with which the in- fected animals had had contact were ordered burned. Some hides, worth were quarantined. Dealers hoped a 30-day treatment in a salt solution would destroy the disease-causing virus. All animals destroyed were to be burned or buried deep. Contam- inated farms were to be thoroughly cleaned up, disinfected and kept under close observation. B Harry McDonald Takes Over As Head of RFC WASHINGTON (5V- Smib'ng Har- ry A. McDonald takes over today as boss of the scandal-marked Re- construction Finance Corporation (RFC) with a warning to influence peddlers to "stay away.." Senator Douglas calling McDonald honest but "too weak" to stand up to influence pressures, waged a futile two-hour fight in the Senate Monday to block the ap- pointment. The roll call vote in McDonald's favor was 45 to 23. "No hard McDonald said later as he packed up to leave his present post as chairman of the Securities and Exchange Commis- sion McDonald's salary will be upped from to with the shift Du Pont Powder Plant Burns at Barksdale, Wis. BARKSDALE, Wis. rag- ed today in a two-story building at the Du Pont Company powder plant about half a mile from dyna- nite storage magazines. Barksdale is in Bayfield County near Ashland. The company's own fire-fighting equipment and high pressure sprinkling system were pressed in- o action as flames mounted from a brick and wood structure. There were no explosions and apparent- y no casualties. Two hours after the fire broke out in the ammonia crystallizing )lant the company had not called or help from fire departments at nearby Ashland and Washburn. 'lant gauges were closed over the entire factory area covering sev- eral square miles. The ammonia plant is located apart from the powder area. Dyn- amite storage magazines are sit- uated in wooded land a half-mile distant. The area is snow-covered at this time. animals and meat which last year totaled 130 The action followed announcement yesterday that the disease had turned up at 22 farms and municipalities around Regma. I Mounted police began destroying infected animals, which federal authorities said included cat- tle, 193 hogs and 140 sheep. Rigid quarantine regulations were en- forced to confine the disease to the Regina area, the only section where it has been found so far. Chance To Stamp Out Disease Officials said they had a good chance of wiping out the disease on the spot. But in British Colum- bia, Provincial Livestock Commis- sioner W. R. Gunn said cattle cars which had carried infected cattle might turn up in "Vancouver, Tor- onto or Chicago, and there might be an outbreak anywhere." U. S. inspectors already were at tracking down all live ani- mals brought into the U. S. from Canada in recent weeks. They were to be watched closely for pos- sible infection. Western cattle trade in Saskatch- ewan and Manitoba came to a vir- tual standstill. Alberta cattle trad- ed slowly. Western cattle men in Edmonton predicted meat prices would drop because the import ban by the United States, the Canadian indus- try's chief export customer, would flood local markets. Some antici- pated the ban would last a year, but many feared that congressmen from U. S. cattle states would try to prolong the ban indefinitely be- Supreme Court ssues Writ On Ike's Entry Legal Battle Begins To Erase Name From Primary Ballot ST. PAUL W) The Minnesota upreme Court today issued a writ irecting Secretary of State Mike Holm to show cause why the name if Gen. Dwight Eisenhower should lot be removed from the state 'residential primary ballot. Chief Justice Loring made the writ returnable at a.m. Thurs- day when oral arguments will be resented by the petitioners and iy those seeking to keep the gen- eral's name on the ballot for the Uarch 18 primary. Preceding inssuance of the writ, lidney W. Goff, St. Paul, and Lea- itt R. Barker, Minneapolis, attor- Studio Publicity men had a quick comeback when Holly- wood columnists criticized Ma- rilyn Monroe's clothing, saying it lacked style and smartness. They thought she'd be a wel- come eyeful in or out of any garment. That explains the potato sack she wears here, (A.P. Wirephoto.) Sen. Russell Urged To Oppose Truman By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Smouldering Dixie opposition to President Truman was being fanned today by admirers of Georgia's Sen. Richard B. Russell. Russell's home state supporters may propel him into the middle of the Democratic presidential race this week. Russell wouldn't comment on a request by the Georgia Democratic executive committee that he become an active candidate. But his friends said they doubt that Russell could refuse. The Georgian headed the 1948 Democratic convention rebellion against Truman but did not join the states rights movement which took 39 electoral votes from the Presi- dent in the election. Jack Bell, Associated Press po- litical reporter, said today the Georgia move would likely spur southern opponents of the Presi- dent into an effort to swing other states behind Russell. Boasted in Florida In Florida the Russell movement got a shot in the arm yesterday when nine Flori- dians instructed to support him qualified as can- didates for state delegates to the Democratic na- tional convention. In Mississippi, the House of Rep- resentatives pav- A R Bfeanother possible 4ft-. Hbreak with the national party. It voted without dissent for all political parties to nominate anyone they wish as the state organization's choice for president and vice president. Bell said southern Democrats feel the Dixie revolt would col- lapse if almost any candidate oth- er than Truman were nominated. Even so, some of them fear Ten- nessee's Sen. Estes Kefauver may split the southern vote. Many leaders in the South remain cool toward Kefauver's candidacy. Kefauver Busy The Tennessee senator continued his busy campaigning, going into (Continued on Page 3, Column 7) RUSSELL UMT Debate Centers On War Timing WASHINGTON Wl Chairman Vinson (D-Ga) of the House Armed Services Committee said today the United States faces "a possibility of sudden war tomorrow and a threat of war over an extended period of time." Vinson made the statement in a speech prepared for opening House debate on Universal Military Train ing (UMT) legislation. The House schedule throughou this week calls for debate on whether 18-year-old youths shall b required to take six months of mill tary training and then revert to a reserve status for the next 7% years. Voting is scheduled next week but there is a possibility the Housi may send the measure back to Vinson's committee for further study. Once UMT is fully effective, Vin son said, youths can be trained annually and a ready re serve of Wi million men built up It is these reserves, he said, wh will be counted on to fight if fight ing becomes necessary. With that large a reserve force Vinson said, the size of the activ Armed Forces can be cut to tw million men from the now planned. That reduction, he said would mean an eventual saving o 13 billion dollars annually. Vinson said the nation has onlj two choices, to maintain an unpre cedentedly large standing force o to build up a ready reserve. Hold Up Ballots ST. PAUL Printing of ballots for Minneso- ta's March 18 presidential pri- mary was held up today pend- ing a Supreme Court decision on just whose names will go orlo them. Arnold Gandrud, chief elec- tions clerk in the secretary of state's office, pointed out that an early decision would be nec- essary if ballots are to be dis- tributed to county auditors in time for the voting. Bridgemaster George Risinger stranded when the lift span on Pekin, 111., refused to lower its found himself he had raised it to pass a towboat. The span the bridge at now is jammed at a 30-degree angle. (A.P. Wire- east end after photo to The Republican-Herald.) neys seeking removal of Gen. Ei- senhower's name, met informally with four members of the Supreme lourt in the Supreme Court confer- ence room. Illegally Filed Goff and Barker are members of wo Twin Cities law firms repre- senting James Fetsch, St. Paul awyer and accountant, who start- ed the action. Fetsch claims that the Eisenhower delegates are ille- gally filed, without authorization of Jen. Eisenhower, and against the orders of his campaign managers. Goff cited instances in several congressional districts where, he said, investigation showed that signers of the filing petition were not registered voters and that the signatures were not properly no- tarized. The petition claims that investi- gation of the registration records n the city clerk's office in Brain- erd showed that 21 signers were not registered voters at the time lie petition was signed and that a similar check in the city clerk's office in Rochester revealed 26 signatories were not registered voters. 'The petition requires a specific Goff said in the informal conference. "It is pur contention that there are deficiencies and in- adequacies in the petition itself which would disqualify this peti- tion." At the conference were Chief Justice Loring and Associate Jus- tices C. R. Magney, Leroy E. Mat- son and Oscar Knutson. After a 15-minute executive ses- sion, the justices decided that the petitioner was entitled to a show cause writ. Subcommittee Methods Hit By Lattimore WASHINGTON Owen Latti- more accused the Senate Internal Security Subcommittee today of "instituting a reign of terror among our foreign service person- particularly in the Far East. He coupled a slashing attack on methods used by the subcommit- tee with a new and emphatic de- nial that he ever was a Commu- nist or a Communist sympathiz- er. Lattimore, a Johns Hopkins Uni- versity professor and a Far East- ern affairs specialist, spoke out in a statement prepared for a pub- lic hearing of the subcommittee. It is probing for any subversive influences on U. S. Far Eastern policies. Lattimore has been a central figure in the group's investiga- tion, begun a year ago with the seizure of the files of the Institute of Pacific Relations a priv- ate research organization. _ He is a trustee of the IPR and from 1934 to 1941 was editor of one of its publications, Pacific Affairs. Sen. McCarthy in his Communism-in-government charg- es 2 years ago, accused Lattimore of being Russia's top spy in this country. Lattitmore called the charge "moonshine." Lattimore said the usefulness of U. S. Foreign Service personnel "has already been jeopardized by the work of this Committee." Blows Up Reds' Ammunition Plant By JAMES A. MICHENER WITH U. S. FAST CARRIER ESSEX OFF KOREA, Feb. unhappiest American is a.sawed-off 36-year-old pilot called Felix Bertagna of Andover, N. H. "Look at he wails. "I'm one of the best trained men in the Navy. A night heckler. I take a plane off this tub in darkness, I go over Korea and fight in darkness, then I come -back in darkness to find this lousy bucket, and in pitch darkness I make a carrier landing." Is that why he is so mournful? because they won't" Admiral Lord Louis takes a good look at the SHAPE badge worn by Gen. Dwight D. Eisenhower. He'll have to wear one, too, if he is made naval commander in the Mediterra- ean. There-have been reports he may be offered the post. Mount- batten visited Eisenhower at Supreme Headquarters of the Allied Powers in Europe, near Paris. (A.P. Wirephoto.) Unhappiest Pilot It's me any work to do. Pitiful fittle missions. It would break your heart to be the best trained man in the fleet and then to be completely misused." 'You wouldn't care to take a night flight, would (Michener had special orders to make one, but had to argue. The admiral wanted to talk him out of going.) Out of Bed at 3 So this morning we rolled out of bed at 3, had a big breakfast. Then we heard the bad news. Since I was going Felix and his wing- man, Red Stillwell of Independ- ence, Mo., would be given the safe and uninteresting shore route. But "Don't take any risks." At we went topside onto the pitch black carrier deck. There is nothing like a night catapult launching. You are whipped for- Laborites Built Bomb Secretly, Churchill Says LONDON UP) Prime Ministe Churchill said today that the ol< Labor government succeeded in making an atom bomb for Britain but failed to inform Parliamen about the development. Churchill spoke in the House o Commons after a blistering Labo attack upon his foreign policy. La ward at "enormous speed, shot out Herbert Morrison accused into perfect darkness, dropped per ilously low over the ocean that you can't see, and then shoved up- ward into the sky. It's an amaz- ing sensation. We roared up the coast at 250 miles an hour and then with a burst of pure luck Felix opened up what was to be one of the most sensational night flights in history. He thought he saw a light in what could have been a very large building. "I don't see any- Red said. "I'll drop a hun- dred pounder Felix re- plied. Giant Explosion He leveled off for a terrific bomb ran, dropped to 150 feet and let go. There was a gigantic ex- plosion, our plane was lifted 20 feet, our tail was higher than our and I wanted to get put. Felix had hit a big munitions plant. The entire countryside was a blaze of light. Pillars of fire 200 or 300 feet high probed into the pitch black. Below, rushing for the safety of a long tunnel, were two loco- motives and about 30 boxcars. These were the life line of the Communists. The next half hour was amaz- ing. With a terrific blast Red cut the track leading to the tunneL Felix knocked other end of valuable locomotives were trap- ped. Now we bit them from every an- gle. Out of absolute darkness, with not a single light on our .planes, Felix and Red combed those trains from end to end. One big bomb caught a carload of ammunition. (Continued on Page 3, Column 5) PILOT some cars off the the line, and the Churchill of making belligeren statements, endangering worli peace and the chances of reaching a Korean truce. Churchill told the House of Com mons: "I was not aware until I too: office that, not only had the Social ist government made an atomi bomb as a matter of research, bu that they had created, at the ex pense of many scores of million of pounds, the important plant nee essary for its regular production "This'achievement is certainly a real advantage to us." Pig Shoots Butcher LUENEBURG, Germany A 300-pound pig shot and wounded a butcher who was trying to kill it, police reported today. The butcher was kneeling beside the pig and loading his bolt gun ,when the pig sprang up and struck the trigger with a hind leg. The butcher was shot through the knee. WEATHER FEDERAL FORECAST Winona and fair tonight Increasing cloudiness Wednesday. No important temper- ature changes. Low tonight 28, high Wednesday 40. LOCAL WEATHER Official observations for the 24 hours ending at 12 m. today: Maximum, 34; minimum, 21; noon, 34; precipitation, none; sun sets tonight at sun rises to- morrow at (Additional weather on Page 13.) Big 3r Adenauer Agree to New )efensePact Draft Sent to Bonn For West German Parliamentary OK By STAN SWINTON LISBON, Portugal The Big bree Western powers and West erman Chancellor Konrad Ade- auer have agreed West Germany hould pitch in with billion marks for Western efense in the next year. An official source said today a raft of the new agreement had een sent to Bonn for final ap- roval by Chancellor Konrad Ade- auer's government. He said the agreement was draft- d last night by Secretary of State Dean Acheson, Foreign Secretary Anthony Eden and Foreign Min- ster Robert Schuman, who stayed n here after the closing of the At- antic Pact parley to settle some lutstanding German and Austrian [uestions. Before them last night was a message from Bonn in which the ederal government said it was to accept the figure of 11V4 lillion marks as the size of its de- ense contribution. The ministers spent nearly three lours last night knocking the text f the agreement into shape, then sent it along to Bonn for approval. Contributions If and when it comes out, the agreement will be announced simultaneously in Bonn, London, Paris, Washington and Lisbon. The German contribution for the 1952-1953 period is expected to cov- er precisely: 1. Cost of maintaining and defending Berlin, police forces, frontier guards and the like. 2. Cost of getting an armed German force into the field as part of the projected Euro- pean defense community. 3. Cost of equipping the Ger- man soldiers, sailors and air- men who are selected for serv- ice. 4. Cost of maintaining Amer- ican, British and French forces in Germany for the 12-month period after the European de- fense community comes into existence. 5. Cost of Germany's share in the Allied program for build- ing airfields, communications, troop quarters and other in- stallations for the common use. The ministers also turned their attention today to the problem of getting the Russians to quit stall- ing on an independence pact for Austria. In addition, they studied Ameri- can proposals for taking off some important wraps which still re- main on German war industries. The United States faced French and British opposition to resum- ing German tank and ammunition output, but the Civil Aeronautics program appeared to have a fair chance of a go-ahead from all three. Arms Ban There appeared to be general agreement Germany would not be allowed to build strategic war in- dustries which would help Rus- sia if Germany should be overrun by Soviet troops in a future war. Such a ban, presently in effect, would include atomic weapons, biological warfare agents, and sub- marines. These decisions on war produc- tion stemmed from NATO ap- proval last -week of the European Army plan. It provides for recruit- ing German troops to join in West- ern defense after the six-nation Army plan wins parliamentary ap- proval in each nation. Meanwhile, other leaders of the 14 Atlantic allies were on their way home after the historic coun- cil meeting regarded as highly suc- cessful. It approved plans for about 200 air bases in Western Europe, and to give Eisenhower a combat force of 50 divisions and planes by the end of this year, with double that many hoped for by the end of 1954. Ratify Arms Treaty It also okayed the European Ar- my plan to join German troops with those of France, Italy, Bel- gium, Holland and Luxembourg, but German recruiting can begin only after the six parliaments rat- ify the Army treaty which still is not complete. It voted to streamline NATO's nonmilitary side with a Paris head- quarters run by a permanent sec- retary general. The job was offer- ed to Sir Oliver Franks, British' Ambassador in Washington. He asked until tomorrow to think about the offer. You Still Can Register: Recorder's Office Open Until 9
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