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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - February 4, 1952, Winona, Minnesota Colder Tonight' Tuesday Fair, Little Warmer Read 'Hollywood1 By Hedda Hopper Page 4 Today VOLUME 51, NO. 296 FIVE CENTS PER COPY WINONA, MINNESOTA. MONDAY EVENING, FEBRUARY 4, 1952 SIXTEEN PAGES Lovett Warns Military Cut Risky The Freighter Miget lies aground off the North Carolina coast after its crew and cap- tain abandoned the vessel when it started break- ing in two. (A.P. Wirephoto to The Republican- Herald.) Prisoner Exchange Progress Reported MUNSAN Korea United Nations and Communists, today moved nearer agreement on plans for exchanging war prisoners as truce negotiators scheduled a full dress session Wednesday to start work on the final section of a Korean armistice. "I think we can get together and write the rest of the agreement on prisoner exchange, said Rear Adm. R. E. Libby. "For the first time I think we are in a position to settle the nuts and bolts of the situation." TODAY McCarran Style Sy JOSEPH and STEWART AUSOP WASHINGTON During the last week, we have had a taste of the quality of Congressional just- ice, as dispensed by partisan judges uncontrolled by rules of evi- dence or other outmoded remnants of democratic procedure. John Carter Vincent, a high State Department official, has been on trial, before the Internal Security Subcommittee of the Senate Judi- ciary Committee, for treason to the United States. The subcommit- tee's mass producer of charges of treason by hearsay recollection, the professional ex-Communist, Louis Budenz, some time ago said that Vincent was a "member of the Communist party." As proof, he added that Vincent was relied on to "guide" Henry A. Wallace "along the paths" of the Commu- nist party line, during Wallace's Vice Presidential trip to China in 1944. to Answer Staff officers drafting truce su-; pervisio'n plans made no measur- able headway. They still must iron out differences over troop rotation, neutral inspection and, definitions of coastal waters. U. N. spokes- men have described the differences as minor. The staff officers are not debating the key truce super- vision issue whether the Reds have the right to build and repair North Korean military airfields. Meet Wednesday The full, five-man armistice del- egations will meet in Panmunjom at 10 a.m. Wednesday to open ne- gotiations on agenda item recommendations to governments. It will be the first plenary ses- sion since Dec. 4. Subcommittees and staff officers have been in ses- sion daily, however. Vice Adm. C. Turner Joy propos- ed Jan. 31 that negotiations on three sections of the truce be con- ducted simultaneously to speed agreement on an armistice. In accepting his suggestion the Reds agreed to provide a detailed working draft. They are expected to propose withdrawal of all for- eign troops from Korea a pet Communist a high level political conference to settle the whole Korean question. U. N. headquarters in Tokyo said no recommendations will be made j Weekend. to governments involved in the Ko- Walter Rabe, 6, son of Mr. and Mrs. Walter F. Rabe of Edina (Minneapolis suburb) was playing hide-and-go-seek Saturday when he Vincent asked for the opportun- ity to answer this charge. The main upshot of the Wallace mis- sion to China, in which Vincent ac- tively participated, was a recom- mendation to dismiss the pro-Com- munist China theater commander, Gen. Joseph W. Stilwell, and to re- place him with the sturdy anti- Communist, Gen. Albert C. Wede- meyer. No act more damaging to the Communist cause was possible in China in 1944, when Henry Wal- lace went to China with Vincent as his political adviser. Under the cir- .cumstances, you might have sup- posed that this central issue would have been examined by the sen- ators at some length. Had you done so, however, you would have gravely misjudged Sen. Pat McCarran of Nevada, the sub- committee chairman, and his hard- working colleagues and lawyers During four days of interrogation; in the course of which Vincent all but had a light shined in his eyes and was beaten by a rubber hose, (Continued on 9, Column 6) ALSOPS a Jet Engine Made For Light Planes HAWTHORNE, Calif. tests have been completed on a baby jet engine designed for use in private planes, Northrop Aircraft, Inc., announc- ed yesterday the engine is being developed by students at the firm's men. 26 Make Shore From Grounded Panama Ship MOREHEAD CITY, N. C. Twenty-six crewmen of the strand- ed Panamanian freighter Miget came ashore at Portsmouth Island five miles south of Ocracoke Is- land today. The men abandoned the storm- tossed freighter and escaped in a life boat. The Ft. Macon Coast Guard station here said the men were in good condition. The Coast Guard had fought a losing battle throughout the night in an effort to rescue the crew- men. The freighter ran aground on treacherous shoals off Cape Hat- teras yesterday. A howling storm moving up from the south helped this famed grave- yard of ships claim its latest vic- tim. The vessel, the Miget, bound from Baltimore to Morehead City, bucked the storm and found herself in trouble. The Miget called for help, saying she was losing headway and taking water in her fuel. But her radio signal faded before her position could be determined. The Coast Guard reported the last faint sig- nal from the Miget at p.m. Six Minnesotans Dead in Mishaps By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS At least six Minnesotans, includ- ing a boy who was suffocated in a chimney of an outdoor fireplace, died accidental deaths over the Second Guard Unit Goes Into Line in Korea Other State Divisions May Be Given Training WASHINGTON UPV-The commit- ment of a second National Guard division to the Korean front for battle experience raised the ques- tion today of whether similar policy might be followed for some of five other guard or regular army outfits in the United States. Over the weekend, the Far East command in Tokyo announced that elements of the 40th National Guard division of California are in action. The 45th of Oklahoma went into the line several weeks ago. Both divisions had been in Japan since last spring on occu- pation and training duty. The 45th relieved the regular Army's First i Cavalry division, one of the first units to engage the enemy in the Korean war., The First Cavalry has returned to Japan. In light of this precedent and in view of the point made in the truce negotiations about an agree- ment against no enlarging of forces, it seemed probable the 40th is to replace one of the regular divisions in action. Rotation Program While the troop rotation program had some part in the decision to !se.nd Guard units as replacement for regular Army outfits in Korea, Jie major reason obviously is to jive divisions actual combat ex- perience. In the United States now are iree regular Army divisions with no combat experience since World War personnel are new to military service. They are the 82nd airborne at Ft. Bragg, N. C., the 1st armored at Fort Hood, Tex., and the llth airborne at Ft. Campbell, Ky. The latter division returned from Japanese occupation duty a few months be- fore outbreak of the Korean war. In addition to the three regular divisions, the Army has or will have in the next couple of weeks a total of four National Guard di- visions in the United States. Two of 31st of Alabama-Mis- sissippi and the 47th of Minnesota- North been training, equipping and bringing their man- power up to the authorized strength for the last year. Pre- sumably they are now manned, equipped and trained to the point where they could be used for over- seas duty. The two other Guard divisions are the 37th of Ohio and the 44th of Illinois. The 37th went on fed- eral duty only two weeks ago. The 44th is preparing to enter active federal duty about Feb. 15. Norm- ally, it takes from eight months to a year to bring Guard divisions up to full strength, equipment and training needed for overseas duty. Is Hitler Henchman In Rome? Identity, Priest Say ROME A brown-robed Franciscan friar who says he's never been outside Rome prov- ince in his 76-year life today identified as his own the photo- graph which a former Berlin Nazi said showed missing Hit- ler Henchman Martin Bormann hiding in a monk's garb. The friar is Father Antonio Romualdi Antonuzi, who inter- rupted hearing confessions from nuns to talk to reporters and photographers outside a Rome chapel. He said the photograph, which German Right Wing Leader Eberhard Stern said in Berlin was of the Deputy Furhrer, was taken of himself "about a month ago on the street by a group of three tour- ists whom I did not know." Bormann was reported by various high Nazis to have died during the final days of World War II but occupation officials have never been satisfied he was dead. He was sentenced to death in absentia at the Nuremberg trials and since then has been reported, at vari- ous times and without confirma- Frater Martini 7s He Martin Bormann? tion, in Italy, Soviet Russia, Spain and Argentina. Stern, 42-year-old leader several unsuccessful rightist political movements in Berlin since the war, said in a story published yesterday in the Ber- lin Telegraf that he had talk- ed in Rome with a "Brother Martini" at the San Antonio Franciscan college on Jan. 16 and had identified him as Bor- mann. The identification, he said, was clinched by a wart on the monk's right nostril, which he termed certain proof of the missing Nazi's identity. A Vatican source last night described Stern's claim as "Nazi speculation, to discredit the Allies in Germany." He said Stern had tried to sell his story to a Munich magazine, the Muenchener Illustrierte, which investigated in Rome, found the claim about Bor- mann untrue, and refused to buy the story. Father Romualdi is the guardian father of the monas- tery of San Bonavenura, on the Palatine hill in the heart of Romei Last year he celebrated the 50th anniversary of his priesthood. "Who is he asked of Bormann. "What is it all rean war unless the truce negoti- on what to recom- ators agree mend. Admiral Libby Monday gave newsmen the most optimistic re- port of the prisoner exchange sub- committee's 53 meetings. "We may be ready to go to the staff officer level in a day or two. I may be completely wrong, but I think we are beginning to make he said. Still Far Apart At the same time, Libby empha- sized that negotiators still are "180 degrees apart" on the major is- repatriation and safeguards to insure return of dis- placed civilians. Libby devoted considerable time to detailing the Allied position on the .nine-point prisoner exchange plan offered by the Reds Sunday. In reply to questions, the Com- munists explained the parole sec- tion of their plan meant that re- leased prisoners would promise not to fight again in Korea. The text said prisoners would promise to return to a "peaceful life" and not "take part again in acts of war." There was no limit ______0______ have reached general agreement on these points: 1. That top priority be given the exchange of sick and wounded pris- oners. 2. That Panmunjom be the pris- oner exchange-point. 3. That data be exchanged on prisoners who died in captivity. 4. That civilians on both sides be given assistance in returning to their former homes if they desire. On this point, however, Libby in- on time or place. The negotiators aeveiopeu Dy siuaenii at uie uiiu j> v" Northrop Institute, aeronautical sisted that safeguards such as in- school for civilians and Air Force terviews by joint Red Cross teams be provided. crawled into the fireplace cbim ney. Dr. Russell Heim, Hennepin County coroner, said the boy slip- ped down and became trapped. Cause of death was listed as "suf- focation due to strangulation." Other victims were: Andrew Loven, 62, and Emil Harju, 57, iron miners from the Wawina area, 32 miles northwest of Duluth, who were killed Satur- day when their pickup truck was struck by a Great Northern extra freight train. Steven Martin, 5, son of Mr. and Mrs. Walter I. Martin, Sandstone, who was killed instantly Saturday when he struck a car while slid- ing. The boy suffered a broken neck when his sled struck the auto. Martin W. Michie, 42, transpor- tation manager for the George A. Hormel Co., Austin, who was killed Saturday in a car-truck collision near Austin. Michie was also pres- ident of the Austin Chamber of Commerce. Eigil Hammer, 40, St. Paul, kill- ed Saturday when he was appar- ently struck by a passing train in the Great Northern railway yards. He had been servicing a refriger- ator car in the yards. a Hunting License Revenue at Peak ROSHOLT, S. D. Ike Hahn and Jimmy Swartz, Rosholt, escap- ed with their lives Sunday when the plane from which they, were crashed near this South Dakota com- was hospitalized at Wheatori, Minn.; "Swartz at Breck- enridge, Minn. Hahn was-the pilot fox hunting northeastern munity. Morris Starts U.S. Cleanup Investigation WASHINGTON Mor- ris, the Truman administration's Republican "cleanup" man, set up shop for his corruption-in-govern- ment investigation today, laughing off a barrage of criticism from members of his own party. Morris told newsmen, in reply to specific criticisms leveled against him, that ne has never been asso- ciated with any Communist front organization and that he has "never been involved in any ship deal." While Justice department offi- cials were arranging a. suite for make his headquarters in the department's Pennsylvania Ave. building and investigate the department itself at the lne Morris held what he described as "my last press conference until I have something to announce." He asserted that if his investiga- tion turns up irregularities, that fact will be promptly announced. d f d d t swept Morris was greeted m his new weal uouus office by Attorney General Mc- Grath, who appointed him last Fri- day as his special assistant for the proposed government cleanup. Morris later told reporters Louis E. Yayner, former New York city commission of investigation, will join him here tonight to organize the investigative work. 3 Storms Converge On New England By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Three storms which brought the country a wide variety of weather over the weekend converged today, boding high winds and ram for up a blizzard in the central Rockies Saturday that took lives, and blanketed the center of the continent with rain light snow and freezing drizzle as it moved east. A second sucked dust thousands of feet into the air over much of Texas before settling it with rain, and moved on over Arkansas into Tennessee. A third, with winds ranging up to 75 miles an hour, lashed the At- lantic coast and drove a freighter aground off Cape Hat- teras, N. C.. as it took a north- eastward course paralleling the seaboard. Rain in Centra! States The result was rain over the mid- dle Mississippi and Ohio vaEeys, southern and eastern Great Lakes region, and most of the middle and north Atlantic -states. ____near Colton, Utah, stalled more than a doz- en automobiles and when highway crews reached them Sunday, three occupants of one buried car were dead of carbon monoxide poison- Ntwbold Morris, the New York Republican lawyer named by Attorney General J. Howard McGrath to bead up the adramistra- heralded .hunt for government wrongdoers, appears to fae in a mood to let the chips fall where they may as he swings a mean ax at his home near Sharon, Conn. (A.P. Wirephoto to The Bepublican-Herald.) up from drought-stricken plains of western Texas, blotted out the sun Sunday. The dust cut visibility to three-quarters of a mile in east- ern parts of the state before rain washed it away. New Ohio Floods Rain brought the threat of more flooding along the Ohio river in Kentucky and Ohio. The Weather Bureau at Cincinnati said the river level, stationary over night, may rise six inches. It already was 2.8 feet above flood stage, but 2.2 feet below last week's crest. The situation was similar at Louisville. The river stage was 4.8 feet above flood stage and another .7 foot rise was predicted. But this would still be about one and a half feet below the danger point. 5 Persons Dead In Omaha Fire OMAHA Five persons died and 12 were-injured, one serious- ly, in a flash fire that routed 40 persons from the Liberty Apart- ments near downtown Omaha last night. The dead, four men and one woman, were found in their rooms by firemen. A funeral home, where the bodies were taken, identified the dead as: John Lesnovich, about 60, Leonard P. Davison, about 70, Tom Brooks and a brother whose first name was undetermined, both believed to be about 30 or 35. The body of the woman, about 35 or 40, was still unidentified. The cause of the fire was not determined. WEATHER FEDERAL FORECAST Winona and Vicinity Clearing and colder tonight Tuesday fair and a little warmer. Low tonight 22, nigh Tuesday 40. LOCAL WEATHER Official observations for the 24 hours ending at 12 m. Sunday: Maximum, 41; minimum, 23; noon, 31; precipitation, none. Official observations for the 24 hours ending at 12 m. today: Maximum, 35 'minimum, 26; noon, 29; precipitation, trace; sun sets tonight at sun rises to- morrow at Additional weather on Page 10. Billy Graham Urges National Day of Prayer WASHINGTON Thousands gathered at the steps of the nation- al capitol last night heard Evan- ;elist Billy Graham say he could je elected President "on a plat- form calling the people back to God." The young preacher delivered two sermons during an hour-long meeting broadcast coast-to-coast by the ABC radio network. He spoke from the spot where Presidents take the oath of office. The crowd was estimated variously at from to In his typical arm-waving style, Graham said: "If I could run for President of the United States today, on a plat- form of calling the people back to God, back to Christ, back to the Bible, I'd be elected. "There is a hunger for God to- day." He asked Congress to call upon President Truman to proclaim a day of prayer, as President Abra- ham Lincoln did on April 13, 1863. 52 Billions Rock Bottom Need, Claim 'Realistic' Attitude Demands Delay in Goal If Cut Passes By JACK RUTLEDGE WASHINGTON Sec- retary Lovett said today any cut in the 52 billion dollar military budget recommended by President Truman for fiscal 1953 would "in- crease, beyond the realms of prudence, the calculated risks already taken." Lovett told flit Senate appropria- tions subcommit- tee and the joint economic com- mittee that even ------------------this figure for the Robert Lovett year starting July 1 meant a cutback in original de- fense goals. Strongly recommending con- gressional approval of the 52 bil- lions he believes is a rock-bottom figure, Lovett said a lesser amount of money: "Would force us to less efficient operations and would not permit the continued accelerated produc- tion during the next two years of the major military items we need." There has been widespread de- j mand that the military budget cut to ease the drain on the do- mestic economy. Some have said if waste and mismanagement alone were corrected, savings would run into billions. Others have urged cut in foreign military aid. Full Budget Needed Lovett said the Defense Depart- ment -has taken a "realistic" atti- tude, has made new economies, and instead of attempting to reach certain goals in 1953 or 1954 it has delayed them and funds asked now will permit a program mere- ly "expanding toward these goals." He listed these goals as 21 full- strength divisions for the Army; 408 combat vessels and 16 carrier air groups for the Navy; three full divisions and three air wings for the Marines; and 143 wings for the Air Force. All three servicei would have "the appropriate sup- port-type units." He said tremendous gains have been made in the past 18 months: The Army from men, 10 di- visions and 11 regimental combat teams in June, 1950 to men. 18 divisions, and 18 regi- mental units; the Navy from 000 men with 238 combatant ves- sels to men and 400 com- batant vessels; Marines from 000 men to and the Air Force from men and 48 wings to nearly men and 90 wings. Wanted 71 Billions Lovett said the armed services originally wanted 71 billion dollars, that this was whittled down by his office to 55 billion, and the Presi- dent later cut it to 52 billion be- fore submitting it to congress. The secretary said there is "lit- tle evidence of any relaxation of the ultimate ambitions of the Kremlin toward world domination." Evingtliit Billy Graham addresses a crowd at a religious rally in front of the U.S. Capitol in Washington. The 33-year-old revival leader speaks from a platform at the foot of the center steps of the buHding. He is behind a bouquet of flowers at center. (A.P. Wirephoto.)
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