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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - February 1, 1952, Winona, Minnesota Fair Tonight And Saturday Colder Tonight By Hedda Hopper Page 4 Today VOLUME 51, NO. 294 FIVE CENTS PER COPY WINONA, MINNESOTA, FRIDAY EVENING, FEBRUARY 1, 1952 SIXTEEN. PAGES TODAY U.S. Losing War; Not Enough Jets By JOSEPH and STEWART ALSOP WASHINGTON It is time to face up to a simple, bleak fact The Soviet Union is currently out producing the United States, and by an incredibly wide margin, in modern combat planes. Since air power is certain to be the decisive factor if war comes, this is fright- ening, to put it mildly. Yet it is easy enough to prove that it is a fact. The air war of the future will be fought with jet-powered planes. And here the figures tell their own disturbing story. First, take jet interceptors. So- viet production of the MIG-15 jet fighter, plus newer models, reach- ed during the last year, according to most reliable estimates, an an- nual production rate of between 500 and a really astonishing achievement of the Soviet aircraft industry. American production of the older F-84 was in the middle hundreds, and of the F-86 in the low very low hun- dreds. MIG-15 First-Rate The MIG-15, it must be added, is a first-rate, modern jet inter- ceptor, which has already outdis- tanced the F-84. Pilots who have fought F-84s against MIG-15s in Ko- rea report that combat between the two planes is murder for the F-84s. Thus the F-84 is now considered obsolescent, and the newer F-86 is rated the only American plane cap- able of holding its own in com- bat with the MIG-lSs. And Ameri- can production of truly modern jet interceptors will not have reached a thousand by the end of this 4 in State Presidential Primary Alexander Small Leven, Scotland, left, and M.Sgt. Paul Myers of Clovis, Colo., prepare a noonday meal for U.N. prisoners of war held by Communists at Camp No. 5, Pyokdong, North Korea, near the Yalu River. This is another of the series of pictures by Frank Noel, AP staff photographer, himself a prisoner for more than a year. The Communists permitted him to take the pictures. (A.P. Wirephoto to The Republican-Herald.) Winchell Sub (Editor's note: Stewart Al- sop, co-author with, his brother Joseph of this Republicvin-Hcr- old column, will substitute for the ailing Walter Winchell over KWNO AM and FM Sun- day at 8 p. m.) year, while Soviet production i still on the increase. Thus, even by the end of this year, the; So- viets wfll have an enormous six-to one advantage, at least in the je fighter field. The comparable figures on je' bombers are hardly more reassur ing. During the past year, the So- viets are reliably estimated to have attained an annual produc- tion rate of about 750 jet-powered medium bombers. They have ap- proximately 450 such bombers ac- tually in combat groups. Not Making Many Last year the United States pro- considerably less than 50 B- 47 jet is the only American all-jet bomber actually in production. The British (who are concentrating on commercial jet carriers) produced one jet bomber, which crashed. During the coming year it is believed that more than 300 B-47s will come off the assem- bly lines, plus a handful of British jet bombers. This means that hoped-for Western production for the coming year will still repre- sent less than half the production rate reached by the Soviets during the last year. Nor do even these somber fig- least six-to-one for jet fighters, at least two-to-one for jet the whole story. The supersonic plane is the plane of the future, which will make sub- sonic planes obsolete as surely as the jets are rendering obsolete the reciprocating engine. According to highly rated intelligence, the So- viets now have actually in produc- tion a combat plane which will fly faster than sound. The Ameri- can Air Force hopes to get such a not before 1954. Here the dark picture must be balanced by certain other factors. The same intelligence sources which report the frighteningly hig production rate of Soviet jet inter ceptors and bombers also repor that the Soviet radar and groun control interception systems ar still inadequate. Thus it is believe least for a Ion range reciprocating engine bomb ers like the'B-36, with jet assists and refueling techniques, could still reach Russian targets in case o war. Short-Rtngt Planes Moreover, the Soviet jet bomber is believed short on range, and the KIG-15'is known to have a very short -range indeed. The MIG-lj only operates really efficiently in one function interception at very high altitude in reasonably clear weather. The Soviets are only just starting on all-weather fighters. and the United States probably has an advantage in other types oi planes, for example for ground support. Overall, counting civilian planes and trainers (which make up al- most half the total) as well as the obsolescent reciprocating engine types, American and British air- craft production is now about two- thirds of Soviet production. Jet pro- duction is now what really mat- but at least this estimate does suggest that the Western aircraft industry" has not been hopelessly outdistanced for the long pull by the Soviet industry. Escaped Russians Say Reds Moving Toward U.S. War By JOHN M. HiGHTOWER WASHINGTON group- of runaway Russians say the Sovie jis a virtual prison nation, moving almost inevitably toward war wit [the United States, seething with discontent under the surface am" burning in part at least with hatred of Stalin. The State without guaranteeing this is-a true pictur< of life ''behind the Iron. Curtain, said today 'these'.'are'the .highlights o stories told by 10 men who fled into the American zone of Germany during the past few months; The story was told in publication of heretofore secret intelligence re ports summing up and analyzing the information from the ten refu gees. The annonymous officials whi analyzed the information from the ten refugees sprinkled their writ ings with words of caution tha much of it could not be checket and that people in such circum stances might be inclined to slan their views to what they thought their American interrogators want ed to hear. Ample Evidence Nevertheless the conclusion was reached that there appeared to be ample evidence for believing in specific testimony of widespread unrest, political discontent and the hesis that Generalissimo Stalin is not as universally beloved in the Soviet Union as the Kremlin pro- pagandists would have the world believe. Here in question and answer form, are the main points of the report: Q. What sort of living standard prevails in Russia? A. In general, except for the spe- cial privileges enjoyed by the party and government there is a low ma- terial standard of living in the USSR and this bureaucracy is a source of discontent, of bitterness among various levels of society and of much crime and other so- cial problems. Q. What is the attitude of the (Continued on Page 14, Column 1) ESCAPED NWA, Capital Airlines Plan To Merge Lines ST. PAUL to stock- holder approval, Northwest Air- lines, Inc., and Capital Airlines, Inc., will merge in the near future to form a commercial plane net- work serving route miles. The consolidation, already given an okay by the two boards of directors, must also win approval of .the Civil Aeronautics Board. The project was first announced "ast night. The agreement calls for a com- mon stock exchange of the two inns for that of the proposed new :ompany on a share for share basis. The preferred stock would remain as an obligation of the merged firm also. The company would be known as Northwest- Capital Airlines (NCAJ. Under the proposal, Croil Hunter, resident and general manager of "TWA, would become NCA board hairman, and James H. Car- michael, Capital president, would erve as NCA president and chief executive officer. The preliminary announcement said it was expected present head- quarters personnel of NWA in St. Paul and Capital in Washington. Murray Demands Annual Wage for Sfeelworkers Claims Move Would Strike Dismay In Kremlin NEW YORK A guaranteed minimum annual wage in Ameri- can industry was demanded today by Philip Murray, president of the CIO United Steelworkers, to off- set unemployment and to "strike dismay" in the Kremlin. Murray, also CIO president, lik- ened guaranteed annual wages to a domestic "Point Four Program" 'or "backward, or under-develop- ed, areas of American economic lability." Murray outlined his proposal in prepared statement for a six-man panel of the Wage Stabilization Board, which resumed a hearing on the steel workers' wage and other demands after a three-week recess. A possible nation-wide steel strike hinges on the outcome of the hearings. Economist Heard Another hearing witness for the CIO, Economist Murray W. Lati- mer, said today a guaranteed an- nual wage in the steel industry for employes with three or more years' service could be supported by company contributions of 614 to 7 cents an hour. In calling for the guaranteed wage plan, which in.effect would give three-quarters of their norinaT pay in alack "periods for as long as a year, Murray said it was not socialistic. Its adoption would strike dismay in the hearts of the men in the Kremlin who are banking on American economic said An Ice Jam, 4 miles long, threatened the 350- foot bridge over the Fox River near Dayton, 111. The bridge, which normally is 20 feet above the water, showed slight cracks but is remaining in- tact. Plans to dynamite the jam were dropped when the temperature rose to 50 degrees and the river went down to 12 feet. (A.P. Wirephoto to The Republican-Herald.) U.N. Assembly Allies Lose 52 Murray. A guaranteed 'financially sound" and "will cost the companies little in the long Murray contended. Murray said guaranteed annual wages "would contribute to our economic defenses against any repetition of the terrifying devas- ating depression of the early 1930's. Plan Explained Latimer, in a prepared state- ment recommended: "I. Benefits to be limited to persons laid off or terminated because of curtailment of work. "2. Benefits to be payable for no longer than 52 consecu- tive weeks in any spell of un- employment. "3. The over-all benefit (per week) would be 30 times the standard hourly wage rate. "4. The plan would, to the extent possible, pay the dif- ference between any state un- employment benefit and the over-all benefit." The earlier sessions of the hear ing were held in Washington the union demanded an ent-an-hour wage increase, in ad ition to a guaranteed annual wag nd about 20 other demands. The union estimates the presen age scale as averaging ents an hour. The American Iron nd Steel Institute, an association f the firms, says it is Raps Russia for Breaking Treaty PARIS The U. N. General Assembly approved today an American-backed resolution label- ing Russia a treaty breaker for failing to live up to its 1945 friend- ship pact with Nationalist China, annual wage is with almost half the members not voting, the ballot was 25 to 9j with 24 abstentions and two members not present. The assembly's action in approv- ing the relatively.mild rebuke rep- resented a triumph for Nationalist China's delegate Dr.- T. F. Tsiang, who has been trying for three years to get some sort of U. N. condemnation of Russia's part in the downfall of Chiang Kai-shek. The Nationalists charged Russia violated the treaty to aid the Chi- nese Communists and that this aid was responsible for Chiang's ejec- tion from the mainland. Earlier today Burma's chief del-1 egate to the United Nations said his country will call on the U. N. only the U.N. if it needs help to drive Chinese Nationalist stragglers out of North Burma. His apparent repudiation of an earlier indication that Burma might seek such help from the Chi- nese Communists came as Soviet Delegate Jacob Malik repeated his charges that U. S. officers are leading "military action by the Nationalists" in North Burma. Planes In Week SEOUL, Korea airmen shot-down 31 Red jets in January and lost 52 of their own planes, Far East Air Forces reported today. The Allied loss was the greatest in any month of the 20-month Korean war. Increasingly accurate Communist anti-aircraft fire destroyed 23 United Nations jets and 21 propeller planes. Five F-86 Sabre jets were shot down in air battles. One Sabre and two B-29 Superforts were lost because of mechanical failures. In addition to the 31 Russian- type MIG-15 jets shot down, Allied pilots were credited with probably destroying two and damaging 30. FEAF said during the entire war the Allies have lost 479 planes com- pared to 850 Red aircraft destroyed or damaged, including 611 MIGs. The Reds have concentrated most of their anti-aircraft batteries including Russian-built radar de- tectors at such key points as Capitalism Restores Amana, To Health After Socialist Venture AMANA, la. 20-year venture into capitalism has re- stored the financial health of the Amana society after Com- munism brought it to the brink of ruin. On schedule in the old meet- ing house here today was a session of the 761 voting stock- holders Df the 98-year-old Ama- na society. It was a foregone conclusion they would vote a 20-year re- newal of the corporate life the hard-pressed society set up on a trial basis in 1932. The switch to capitalism marked the end'of America's most ambitious experiment in pure Communism. Beginning in 1854, the seven villages of the Arnanas operated as a religious communal for nearly 78 years. Inspired by spiritual zeal, the society flourished in the early years. But as one generation succeeded another, murmur- ings of discontent grew loud- er. Productivity declined stead- ily. Then came the great depres- sion. The communal plan had left the society vadthout funds or goods to weather the storm. In 1931 the colony was half a million dollars in the red. This crisis led to the decision to separate the society's spiritual and temporal affairs. In May, two million dollar corporation was formed. It was given title to all the so- ciety's assets, including acres of land, a woolen mill, a furniture factory and meat and cheese plants. Each mem- ber was given one 'non-trans- ferable share of common voting stock plus varying shares of distributive stock. An outside business mana- ger was appointed. Pay checks, time clocks and production in- centive plans were introduced. Under capitalism the busi- ness enterprises of the German colonists boomed as never be- fore. Misgivings which some members held when the so- ciety broke with its Commu- nist tradition melted away; A refrigerator factory start- ed in 1936, grew swiftly. Ex- pansion continued to a point where the colonists feared it was getting too big for them to manage. They sold it to out- for more than a million dollars on Jan. 1, 1950. Today the society has total assets of nearly six million dol- gain of four million since the capitalistic form was adopted. The way of life of the of them now has changed greatly from the simple, Spartan days of the past The rule which the elders laid down for the 800 original colonists in 1854 was that each should bear "with a willing heart" his allotted share of la- bors, cares and burdens. Fruits of this work went into com- mon storehouses. All shared equally in the rewards. It was not a political Com- munism as Soviet Communism is today. Its basis was spirit- ual. But the Amana communal practice was pure and abso- lute. Members were given free clothing, -free shelter, free food from the communal kitchens. All these things came to an end with the 1932 incorporation. Like a score of others before it, America's last such commu- nal experiment has ended in failure. Pyongyang, the North Korean capi- tal, Sariwon, Sinanju, Sinuiju and other vital road and rail junctions. These have accounted for most of the Allied losses. Snow and overcast skies ground- ed most Allied planes Friday morn- ing. Fifth Air Force said only a few fighter-bombers went put on "Oper- ation designed to cut Communist life lines. No major ground action was re- ported. One division on the central front reported a- temperature of 11 de- grees below zero (F) Thursday. Fewer Casualties A U. S. Eighth Army briefing officer said Allied soldiers inflicted U. S. Delegate John Sherman j only casualties on the Reds Cooper again today repeated th American denials of Malik' charges. And specifically of a pre vious Russian claim that two gen erals, seven colonels and 27 ma Americans are leading the Nationalist forces. The U. S., Cooper declared, ha "no generals, no colonels, no ma jors and no personnel" in the area Chief Burmese Delegate U Myin Thein earlier had told reporters "Our government's attitude is tha we believe in only one pact, the 60-nation pact (U. N. I: any assistance is required it wil be sought from the U. N." U Zaw Win, a subordinate mem- ber of Burma's delegation, in as sembly debate yesterday said: "We wonder whether the only means of further securing our- selves from the danger of the in- raders is to enter into some col- ective security arrangements un ler article 51 of the charter with those countries which are in dip- omatic relations with us and which we feel confident will, with our consent and at our request, help is to drive the invaders out of our :ountry by force." Because Burma has diplomatic elations with Communist China, ome delegates thought this might oreshadow a Burmese link-up with 36 Reds to get rid of the Commu- ists' Nationalist enemies. Burma does not recognize Na- tionalist China. It has diplomatic elations also with India, Indo- esia, Pakistan and the Western jowers as well as with Communist 2hina. The Chinese troops in Burma, es- mated at to fled there .Chiang Kai-shek's regime olhpsed, and Chiang's govern- ment now says it. has no'control ver. them. from Jan. 22 to 28 inclusive. It was the second, lowest week's figure since American soldiers started fighting in Korea. The lowest was Red casual- ties "for Jan. 1-7, 1951. Red losses have rocketed to as high as for a single week. The latest weekly figure includ- ed 910 killed, wounded and 31 captured. Allied losses for the same period were not announced but probably were very light. FEAF's monthly summary said Allied pilots flew more than sorties in January. Most were di- rected against rail facilities and communications and supply lines. Far East naval headquarters said carrier-based planes cut railway lines in places in the past "33 days. The Navy said the north-south line between Wonsan and Kowan was so badly battered the Reds jave not been able to move a rain over it for two weeks, "des- pite vast expenditures of manpow- er and materials." WEATHER FEDERAL FORECAST Winona and air tonight and Saturday. A lit- le colder tonight. Low tonight 34, high Saturday 44. LOCAL WEATHER Official observations "for the 24 hours ending, at 12 m. today: Maximum, 49; minimum, 34; ioon, 39; precipitation, none; sun ets tonight at sun rises to- morrow at Additional weather oa Page 9. Newbold Morris Will Direct Federal Cleanup WASHINGTON New- bold Morris, prominent Republican lawyer, today accepted the job of supervising the federal government cleanup program. Morris, former president of the New York City Council, will work under the supervision of Atty. Gen. McGrath, himself under investiga- tion by a House judiciary subcom- mittee. McGrath, announcing the ap- pointment, said it had the approv- al of President Truman. The President early this month assigned McGrath the job of clean- ing up any remaining corruption in the government, after giving up the idea of appointing an investi- gatory body outside any regular federal agency. Morris will have the title of spe- cial assistant to the attorney gen- eral. McGrath said he has promised Morris "complete, enthusiastic and unlimited co-operation." Morris is a member of a family important in the political life of New York City for 300 years. An ancestor, Lewis Morris, was a signer of the Declaration of Inde- pendence. Morris himself has achieved wide popularity as a "reform" lawyer. He was a charter member of the group which swept Fiorello H. La Guardia into power in New York-in 1933, and was rewarded by being chosen assistant corpora- tion counsel for New York. McGrath told newsmen: "MK Morris owes no allegiance whatsoever by reason of prior as- sociation or otherwise to myself or to the present administration. I have asked him to undertake this task solely as a service to his country." William J: Mayo's Widow Dies in Tucson ROCHESTER, Minn. Mrs. William J. Mayo, 87, widow of the co-founder of' the Mayo Clinic, died at Tucson, Ariz., according to word received here. Mrs. William Mayo, the former Hattie Mae Damon, was a native of Rochester and had always lived here except for the past few win- ters. She was married Nov. 20, 1884. The couple had five children, bat two sons' and a daughter died in infancy. Two daughters, Mrs. Donald C. Balfbur and Mrs. Walt man Walters, both of RochMUr, survive, k Eisenhower, MacArthur Slates Enter Humphrey Lone Democrat; Stassen Bids for Votes St. Paul Wl-Sktes of delegates for Gen. Eisenhower, Sen. Humph- rey (D-Minn) and Gen. MacArthur were filed today for Minnesota's presidential primary. Today was the opening day for entering candidates in the March 18 vote without their consent. Filing of an Eisenhower slate presages a hot contest with Har- old E. Stassen, former Minnesota governor, for the state's 28 dele- gates. Stassen, who had already filed his slate of delegates, is expected here today for the formal opening of his campaign. Two delegates are elected from each of the nine congressional dis- tricts, in addition to seven at large. The state Republican convention; May 18, picks the other three. Humphrey Enters Humphrey is running as a favo- rite son and has said he has no presidential aspirations himself.- Karl Rolvaag, state Democratic- Farmer-Labor party chairman, said as Humphrey's delegate slate was filed: "We want to have a man who will support the administration and carry its platform to the na- tional convention. This decision to file Sen. Humphrey had to be made this early because we did not know who also would be filed. We had to protect ourselves against any stooge filings." There has been much specula- tion over the significance of announcement would file .in Ihe primary. decision was made, the senator said, upon the approval of Presi- dent Truman and Frank McKinney, national Democratic party chair- man. Minnesota will send 23 to the national Democratic conven- tion. The Eisenhower slate follows: First K. Swan. Roches- ter attorney; Cordon 8. Clasway. exeea- tlve editor. Winona Republican-Herald. Louise Miller. South St. Paul attorney, and second district chair- woman. Young Republican League: Harold R. Anderson, member of legislature from North Third Arch G. Pease, editor, Anokm union; Reuben P. Erickson, mayor of Edlna. member Republican state central committee and former legislator. w. Raudenbush. St. Paul attorney, and author; Albert B. Shiely, St. Paul contractor. P. Ramberg, businessman, former alderman and former chairman Junior chamber of Commerce; Mrs. Gladys Brooks. Minneapolis wife, state GOP workshop chairwoman. Frank Jensen, Gilbert Brainerd, secretary. Crow Wing County Republican Committee: Richard Quinlivan, St. Cloud, president Tri-County Republi- can Committee, son or Ray Quinlivan. member of University Board of Regents-.- J. Brince. director ot Eveleth bank; Alfred J. Weinberg, Du- luth. attorney, former district chairman of Eighth Congressional District Republican Club, and active In American Legion cir- cles. Kinth Rev. Ernest NorquJst. Red Lake Palls, Presbyterian church; State Sen. Wil- liam E. Dahlquist, Thief Elver Full! Times. ssr DelegateB-at-large Bradshav vice president Plllsbury Mills, Inc.; state Rep. Vemer P. Anderson. Brainerd, retail food dealer: Miss Saralou Mather, Minne- apolis, national commltteewoman for Min- nesota Young Republican League; Dt Laurence Gould, president, Cfttleton Col- lege at Northflcld; Leonard E. Ltndqulst. Minneapolis, state railroad and ware- house commissioner: Edward W. Petcrion, Duluth attorney and former ent of schools at Chlsholm. and Mrs. Grace Carter Lindley, Minneapolis, widow or Al- fred Llodley, a former state legislator. The Humphrey slate follows: First Hemenway, Albert Lea. and Prank O'Gorman. Goodhue. Second Districts-Milan BonnlweU, Hut- chlnson. and Thomas Clranplsifl. Crystal. Third J. Nehottt. Richfield, and Miss Margaret Poley, Min- neapolis. Fourth O'Donnell, Carl Henneman. both of St. Paul. Fifth Eleanor Moen and George Mathews, both of Minneapolis. Sixth Halsted, Brai erd, and James Murphy, St. Cloud. Seventh Kurvink. La- verne. and Mrs. lone Hunt, Montevideo. Eighth Senator Homer Carr. Proctor, and State Representative Loren Hutter, Klnney. Ninth Knutson. state representative, Oklee, and L. J. Lee. Bagley. At John A. Blatnllc. Chlsholm; Byron O. Allen, Detroit Lakes. Democratic national cotnmitteeman from Minnesota; William E. Carlson, St. FauL. member of the state Bouse of Representa-' tlvcs; Orvllle L. Freeman, Minneapolis, former D-F-L party chairman and un- successful candidate lor attorney general In the last general election, and Karl p. Rolvaag, Minneapolis, state party chief. Duluth Civil War Vet Says He Will Be Last DULUTH, Minn. BE, as the Veterans Administration only one Union veteran of the Civii- War will remain alive June 307 1853, Aftert Woolson of Duluth that man will be him. Woolson, now 104, said last nignt he never ielt better in his life.-A drummer boy in the war, he is the youngest of four surviving. Union veterans. I've shoveled our side- walk after every snowstorm this" said Woolson. "I alsb'ifct' outior good walk DOW and then.. Except for a little hearing diftV r, Tin in the pink." ,4,
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