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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - January 26, 1952, Winona, Minnesota Generally Fair Tonight and Sunday; Colder Read 'Hollywood' By Hedda Hopper Page 4 Today VOLUME 51, NO. 289 FIVE CENTS PER COPY WINONA, -MINNESOTA, SATURDAY EVENING, JANUARY 26, 1952 FOURTEEN PAGES FDR Blundered at Yalta, Chiang Delegate Charges Furured Speakers at a Midwest Democratic conference at Kansas City Friday night were Sen. Robert S. Kerr, of Oklahoma, and Minnesota's Sen. Hubert Humphrey, left. (A.P. Wirephoto to The Republican-Herald.) Midwest Democrats Ask Truman Ticket KANSAS CITY, Kan. Democrats called today for Tniman-Barkley ticket for the November Presidential election. A resolution approved by a subcommittee for presentation to the Midwestern Democratic Conference called upon Mr. Truman "to be our standardbearer in 1952" and urged he accept renomination at the natiffiWtcoiivention in Chicago in July. -also urge that the beldved statesman, Alben W. Barkley, be renominated to the office of vice PARIS Nationalist China's chief United Nations delegate, T. F. Tsiang, declared today the Yalta agreement was a "dis- astrous mistake" and the late President Roosevelt's part in it! is "hard to explain or justify." The agreement brought Russia into the war against Japan in ex- change for giving to Russia islands, ports and a dominant position in East Asia which she lost in the 1904 war with Japan. The agreement was made among President Roosevelt, Soviet Pre- mier Joseph Stalin, and British Prime Minister Winston Churchill. Chinese Generalissimo Chiang Kai- shek was not present but Pres- ident Roosevelt successfully un- dertook to win his agreement. "Without the Yalta agree- m e n Tsiang said, "the whole history of China and Korea in the postwar period would have been different and lappier." The Chinese reoresentative made Egyptian Break With Britain Believed Near U. S. Reported Seeking Way To Prevent Breach 6 H urt in ear Black River CAIRO, Egypt Egypt ap- peared ready today to break off all diplomatic relations with Bri- tain as tension mounted swiftly in the battle-torn Suez Canal Zone. Strong British naval forces, ord- ered out of Malta after yester- day's bloody battle between British troops and Egyptian police, were believed headed this way to rein- force the British garrison. In Cairo, steel belmeted police brandished rifles over their heads as they joined demonstra- tors shouting "Long Live Russia, Friend of Egypt." The crowds demanded weapons and shouted for "revenge" against the British for Friday's battle at Ismailia. Egypt said 46 Egyptian police were killed and 73 wounded in the six-hour marked by the thunder of British artillery. Four Britons were killed and nine wounded. A state of emergency was proclaimed in Cairo as the dem- onstrations broke out. Immediately after yesterday's battle, the British dispatched a nation U. N. political committee. heavy naval force including an He denounced Russia for alleged ajrcraft carrier, cruisers, destroy- violation of the Chinese-Russian I ers and a mine layer from treaty of friendship. Chiang's government Chiang his declara- tion in a speech before the 60- signed by in 1945 'as a result of the Yalta agreement Tsiang submitted a resolution calling on the U. N. to determine formally that "the U.S.S.R. in her TODAY Row Over Formosa Brewing Jy JOSEPH STEWART ALSOP row which has been kicked up in Britain over Japanese recognition of Chiang Kai-shek is a peculiar parable of international misunderstanding. It is being charged publicly in the British press and privately in Brit- ish official circles that Japanese Prime Minister Yoshida has been forced to recognize the Chinese Nationalists by the Americans, an specifically by State Departmen consultant John Foster Dulles. It is being further charged tha this pressure has been brought i bear despite a prior American promise that the Japanese wou! be left free to choose between th Nationalists and the Chinese Com munjsts. By implication, Dulles i thus being accused of having ac: ed in bad faith. In fact, this i simply, untrue. And because th tensest area of disagreement be- tween Great Britain and this coun try is still, despite the Churchil visit, in the Far East, the tru story is worth telling. Jap Course Set The fact is that before Dulle left for Britain last June, to try to negotiate a Japanese treaty with the British, the Japanese govern ment .bad already made up its mind. Prem'ier Yoshida had a] ready signified that Japan woulc extend at least limited recognition to Chiang Kai-shek in Formosa This fact was perfectly well known to the British Foreign Office, of course including then British For- eign Minister Herbert Morrison Morrison was nevertheless stil determined if possible to preveni Japanese recognition of the Chi- nese .Nationalists. When Dulles saw him in June, therefore, Mor- rison proposed that Japanese for- eign relations become the respon- sibility of a commission in a Pa- cific pact, which was to include Australia and. New Zealand as well as Japan. By this device, the Jap- anese government's hands were to be tied, as far as recognizing Chi- ang was concerned. The basic reason for the con- Anglo-American tension over .Asiatic policy is not, of ;loye on the. part of the_._British-.'government for the Chinese Communists. Rather it is that Japanese, exclud- ed from; China, will enter into dis- commercial competition with the British in India and South-East-Asia. In view of the desperate British economic .situa- tion, .this -fear is not altogether -un- reasonable. president of the United the resolution said. A resolutions committee also pledged the Midwestern Democrats "whole-hearted support" to Presi- dent Truman that any public offi- cials who have violated their trust be justly punished." Back President "We back the President in his determination to protect the good name of honest and loyal govern- ment workers and to maintain confidence in public the resolution said. "We call to the attention of the people of the United States that honesty and decency is not a partisan issue." The resolution seemed headec for speedy approval by the confer- ence. Some of the Democrats here have made it clear that Presi- dent Truman will not seek another term. Some of the Democrats privately cave opposed another nomination for Barkley because of his age. The vice president, presiding at a panel session, told reporters that he is fully recovered from a stomach upset which caused him to call a physician for assistance as he became nauseated follow- ing a speech at Jefferson City, Mo., last night Eye Stevenson Although the Democrats ap- peared pointed toward official en- dorsements for new terms for the President, many of them discuss- ing the possible candidacy of Gov. Adlai Stevenson of Illinois. Amid growing belief in this Mid- western Democratic conference that President Truman may take iiimself put of the race, officials from Michigan and Min- nesota told this reporter they re- :ard Stevenson as axlikely candi- render of Japan has violated" the Chinese-Soviet pact. In a speech Tsiang declared his government ha "yielded to the pressure of th United States in accepting the sub stance of the Yalta agreement, which gave Russia a naval base a Port Arthur, special rights at th Port of Darien and on the trun' railways of three eastern province of China. Hard, -to- Explain "The part played by Presiden Roosevelt at Yalta is hard to ex plain or Tsiang said "Nevertheless, I would like to say at once that the wartime Presi dent was never at any momen of his life actuated by, any ill-wil toward my His grea known friendship for to the Chinese pebpli and gladly date they could support. The Illinois governor has con- ended that he is running only for re-election and has no national ambitions. But a high Democratic official who could not be quoted by name said he expects a public reversal of this attitude soon. acknowledged by them in spite o Yalta." He said President RooseveV was motivated Ijy both hopes ant fears in signing- the Yalta pact but that hindsight had proved him wrong in both respects. President Roosevelt, Tsiang said, had believed the war with Japan might cost many American lives without Russia's aid but actually it ended only five days after Russia entered the conflict. The American president had hoped Russia mighl co-operate with the Western world in insuring a long period of world peace and prosperity. This, too, was a mistake, he said. Boy Suffocates In Gravel Bin BLOOMINGTON, year-old boy died 111. UB-A 1- of suffocation yesterday after rescue workers lost their fight to save him from being buried alive in a gravel bin. Firemen and other workers tried frantically for about 30 minutes :o reach the boy, Jerry Greene, who had fallen into the bin while playing along the edge with a com- panion. Unable to reach the boy, rescue workers opened the bottom of the bin. In about 10 minutes Jerry shifted through the loose dirt be- fore coming out at the bottom. Firemen worked over him with an inhalator before he was taken to a hospital. He died about an hour later. A physician said he died of suffocation. mid-Mediterranean base at Malta. The admiralty in London said the British naval commander in chief in the Mediterranean, Adm. Sir. John H. Edelsten, may "con- sider that some reinforcement in the canal zone may be necessary." The influential pro-government! newspaper Al Misri said the Egyp- tian cabinet unanimously agreed last night to break with Britain but postponed final action until Sunday to study "measures conse- quent upon that momentous deci- sion." All Cairo papers agreed the emergency cabinet session dealt with the drastic measure. The move climaxed mounting political tension. The independent newspaper jour- nal D'Egypte indicated a peace- making move may be in progress. The cabinet postponed the effect of its decision until Sunday, it said, because "the ambassador of a great power has expressed the de- sire to intervene in the conflict to avoid rupture of diplomatic rela- This Picture is one of a series taken by Frank Noel, captive Associated Press staff photo- grapher in Chinese Communist prisoner of war camp No. 2 at Pyoktong on the Korean side of the Yalu River. Noel himself supplied the cap- tion for this picture which he says shows (left to right) Pfc. Fred Obruff, Wheelwright, Ky.; Cpl. Roy L. Jenkins, Dallas, Tex., and British Pvt. William Ruickbie, Newhaven. Edinburgh, Scotland, playing a Chinese card game with a Chinese volunteer. Noel made his pictures with consent of the Communists who turned them over to an Associated Press representative _ at Panmunjom. The pictures were received in Tokyo Jan. 25. Noel was captured more than a year ago. (A.P. Wirephoto via radio from Tokyo.) 'Pappy' Snaps Again Noel's Photos Come From Red Prison TOKYO Frank "Pappy" Noel is taking pictures for the world's Mother's Stories Differ in Death Of 3-Year-Old PORTLAND, Ore. Uft-A 21-year- old mother, after leading police to behind the_bamboo curtain after his capture in Korea by the Chinese I a gas company waste sump where newspapers again. The 52-year-old Associated Press photographer who disappeared tions." The paper did not say whether the great power envoy is U. S. Ambassador Jefferson Caffery who negotiated between Britain and Egypt to prevent a diplomatic break in mid-December after the British razed an Arab village near Suez. After Caffery's conferences, the Egyptians kept up relations with Britain but called home Abdel Fat- ah Amr Pasha, their ambassador in London. Austin Super Mart Robbed Of AUSTIN, Minn. Burglars >roke into the Nelson super mar cet here sometime during the night and escaped with an estimated in cash after neatly cracking the store's office safe. Authorities believe the crime was committed sometime between p.m.-and .a.m. because he store was empty only during those hours. A luncheonette in the tore closed at the earlier hour and a bakery department employe :ame on duty at a.m.' The burglars punched the safe's ial after gaining entrance by pry- ig open a window at the rear of the store in the cashier's office, iolice said. No checks or small hange were taken. The burglary was discovered at a.m. today by Mrs. Ole Nelson, mother of the store's owner. Her on is vacationing in' Mexico. Acting Police Chief Ray Locher nd Sheriff Albert Reinartz said the crime was very similar to five ther burglaries at Waltham and argent, both in Mower county. Reds on Nov. 29, 1950, today sent out a few photos taken inside a Communist prison. "Pappy" took the pictures with a regular news camera, sent to him fully equipped by another AP photographer, Bob Schutz. Schutz gave his own camera to a Chinese news correspondent on Jan. 2, 1952. That began a fanciful chain of camera-passing which finally got the equipment all the 4 Avowed Candidates Sidestep Issue of Ambassador to Vatican WASHINGTON ffl-The con- troversial issue of sending an American ambassador to the Vatican was neatly sidestepped today by four avowed presi- dential candidates. They also put off direct an- swers to, the question: Do you think it will be'a campaign issue? Sen. Estes Eefauver (D- who announced this week he will seek the Demo- cratic presidential nomination, said in Cincinnati he wfll have a statement later. He said he intends to-talk about the issue in a speech soon, Harold E. Stassen, seeking the Republican nomination, told newsmen in Philadelphia he wants to study the question further before making any comment. It was indicated some reaction may be an- nounced today. Gov. Earl Warren 'of Cali- fornia, another Republican candidate, said in Sacramento: "No comment at this time." Sen-. Robert A. Taft (R.- questioned in New York, said no comment. Taft also is a Republican candidate. Sen. Henry Cabot Lodge was unavailable for comment on what he thought Gen. Eisen- hower's reactions might be. Sen. Lodge is handling the general's Republican cam- paign. Identical questions were ask- V ed all four men by the As- sociated Press: "Noting President Truman's assertion he thinks the Senate should go on record on send- ing an ambassador to the Vati- can, do you: "1. Favor sending an sador? "2. Think it will be a cam- paign The President said .this, week he. definitely would send the Senate another nomination, and let it shoulder its respon- sibilities by either approving or rejecting the appointment He said he would hot compromise by merely sending a personal- representative, as he and Pres- ident Roosevelt did in the past. German Air Force Planned BONN, Germany Some of Hermann Goering's German air aces and Luftwaffe planners .are to be drawn out of their postwar forced retirement under secret plans for a new German air force of planes. Authoritative sources said last night the plans call for the United States to supply the fighters, fighter-bombers, and rec- onnaissance planes. But the Ger- mans would not be allowed to have long range Scinbers, they said. The blueprints were drawn up by former aides to Reischmarshal Goering headed by former Col. Arthur Eschenauer. under the di- rection of defense Commissioner Theodor Blank. The revived air force would be under command of the air staff of the proposed European army o! six nations, including West Ger- many. The planes would be as- signed to German army corps on the basis of tactical 'needs. j The planners estimate they have experienced World War II j airmen to draw- on and calculate they will need about men. As a starter, the Germans want o send a select group of pilots to be trained at jet bases in the Unit- ed States. Later, this group could run re- training programs for the rest of the pilots. German defense plans, under the European army, call for creation of a 12-division army, small naval unitSj. and a tactical air force. The planned air force still must be approved by the European army conference in Paris and by officials of the North Atlantic treaty organization, the informants said. way to Pyokdong, prison camp number two. Pyokdong is south of the Yalu river on the cold Manchurian bor- der. Several Com- munist corres- pondents co- operated in the scheme. One courier was wounded by a Communist Noel strafing plane, according to Wil fred Burchett, correspondent for the Paris newspaper Ce Soir. When the first batch of pictures was taken, delay in developing them was occasioned by a power failure that an American bomber caused by hitting an electric plant the Reds said. The Reds developed the pictures and made prints for their own cen- sorship. The photos that suryivec were censored in Tokyo again by American censors.- All passed. The American soldiers snapped by appeared to be well clothed in padded Chinese uni- forms. They were mostly smiling and looked well fed. WEATHEK FEDERAL FORECAST Winona and Vicinity Generally fair tonight and Sunday. Colder. Low tonight 10 in city, 5 in country. High Sunday 22. LOCAL WEATHER Official observations for the 24 hours ending.at 12 m. today: Maximum, 26; minimum, 9; aoon, 23; precipitation, none; sun sets tonight at sun rises to- morrow at Additional weather on Page 12. Burchett said this was "rice fat" from their diet of Chinese food. All the Americans in the pic- tures were listed by the Commu- nists on the records they handed over at Panmunjom last month. Noel, a legendary character among news photographers, ap- peared to be heading for even greater fame. He won the Pulitzer Prize 10 years ago for a picture of a sailor in a lifeboat begging for water. From inside the Red prison camp, Noel wrote -to Associated Press Correspondent Robert Tuck- man of Albany, N. Y. "H I can get enough film and bulbs and fresh batteries, I'll keep the packs coming in your direc- tion." Tuckman covers the Panmunjom armistice talks. Max Desfor, AP photo editor in Tokyo and last year's Pulitzer Prize winner, said, "We'll keep Pappy in film and flash bulbs if we have to get them in by para- chute." Noel was with the U. S. First Marine Division when the Chinese Reds intervened in the Korean war. He withdrew with them in Northeast Korea to the Hungnam beachhead. Then he went back with a con- voy trying to reach an isolated regiment. The convoy was ambush- ed. Noel was among those taken' prisoner. the body of her three-year-old child was found, told conflicting stories today of how the child met death. The little girl, Sherrie Ellen Kad- er, was the object of a state-wide search after her mother reported her kidnaped last Wednesday. But last night, after seven hours questioning, the mother, Mrs. Jada Z. Kader, suddenly screamed, "I didn't do it. I didn't do it. I'll lead you to her." She then said that Sherrie had been killed when Vickie, her four- year-old sister, struck her with a concrete slab, police said. They said Mrs. Kader explained she dumped the body in the sump and made up the kidnap story because she became frightened. Later she changed her story again. Det. Bob McKeown said Mrs. Kader now says she thinks her Chinese stepfather, Eugene Sing with whom the family lived, kill- ed the child. But she appeared to be extremely hazy about how the child actually died, McKeown said. She said it was Sing who dumped the body into the nearby gas com- pany's sump, McKeown said. He quoted her as saying: She made up the kidnap story af- ter Sing had threatened her and her other daughter with "hatchet if she told the truth about Sherrie's death. She got Vickie to believe that a gray-haired man had kidnaped Sherrie by taking Vickie outside and showing her a man getting into a car. She said she told Vickie that the man was taking Bus, Truck Collide on Icy Highway BLACK RIVER FALLS, Wis. An icy highway was blamed today for the crash of a Greyhound bus and truck six miles south of here. Six persons were in- jured, one critically. Early reports said that two had been killed in the accident, but Sheriff Ed Rockne corrected such rumors. He said that two of the injured were unconscious when. they were taken from the bus, which may have prompted the fake report. En route to Minneapolis from Chicago about 8 a.m. on Highway 12, the bus was carrying eight passengers. The driver the truck, Ernest Anderson, 605 University Ave., Madison, Wis., was thrown from (the cab of his truck and suffered critical head injuries. Others Injured j Bus passengers injured were: i Eleanor Jensen, 3711 Pine Grove, Chicago, bruises. Roy A. Nelson, 2019 Franklin Ave. S.E., Minneapolis, fractured shoulder and minor bruises. Nel- son bad been discharged Friday from, the Army and was en home from Camp Atterbury, Ind. Robert Brownlee, 40 Herman St., Kitchener, Ontario, Canada, minor bruises and lacerations. Frank Gardner, 173 W. Robie St., St. Paul, back injuries, not serious. "Swede" Sheldon, 19, Madison, riding in the truck cab, was re- ported to be the sixth person jured. Sheldon, however, left i scene of the crash and authorities are checking to see where he went for treatment. The youth had been helping An- derson on the run and was not seriously hurt. He was not taken to the Krohn Clinic here where the other five were brought by ambu- lance and police cars. Authorities checked at Toman, but Sheldon reportedly had not been admitted at the hospital there either. The truck was headed south with a full load. It met the bus on a curve, ramming the left side center section of the bus. Force of the impact pushed bus onto the shoulder against a snow bank. The truck cab went off into a four-foot ditch on the right side of the road, with the trailer partially on the shoulder. Although there were no eye wit- nesses, authorities, said the vehicles apparently slid into each other while passing. The snow bank pre- vented the bus from going com- pletely off the highway, and tip- ping over, police said. Miller There First Roy Miller, Black River Falls, first on the scene, said he found two bus drivers standing outside their vehicle, apparently unhurt. Miller moved some of the debris from the road, and drove to a farmhouse to call authorities. In- vestigating were Sheriff Rockne, Deputy Alfred Young, Traffic Of- ficer Paul Cooper and County Cor- oner Sidney Jensen. The highway was glazed with ice, but had been sanded some, of- ficials said. There was practically no grade of any kind at the scene, although the bus had just come over a slight incline before going into the curve. Attendants at the clinic said to- day that Anderson was the only one hurt critically. Mrs. Juds Z. above, told conflicting stories today of the slaying of her daughter, Sherrie Ellen Kader, 3, right Her sister, VicMe, is at the left "i .1
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